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  • 1.
    Aalto, Lina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Läckberg Holmquist, Victor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Nervrotsblockad i kombination med fysioterapi för patienter med diskbråck - en single subject experimental design2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Diskbråck i ländryggen med symtom av ischias, bensmärta, är en vanlig orsak till specifika ryggbesvär. Konservativa behandlingsmetoder rekommenderas före kirurgi. Diagnosen diskbråck är förknippad med kraftig smärta och begränsningar och är en vanlig orsak till att söka vård och behandling. Trots detta finns det idag ingen konsensus kring vilka behandlingsmetoder som är mest effektiva vid diskbråck.

    Syfte: Att undersöka effekten av nervrotsblockad i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi på smärta och aktivitetsförmåga för patienter med symtomgivande lumbosakralt diskbråck.

    Metod: Studiens utformning var en Single Subject Experimental Design (SSED), med en A-B design. Under baslinjefasen, A och interventionsfasen, B utfördes systematiska och upprepade mätningar av smärtintensitet och aktivitetsförmåga över tid. Totalt fem patienter med lumbosakralt diskbråck rekryterades från en klinik. Studien omfattades av två interventioner. Två patienter behandlades med nervrotsblockad (NRB) i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi och tre patienter behandlades endast med NRB. Mätdata presenteras med grafer i linjediagram och analyserades visuellt.

    Resultat: De två patienterna som fick NRB i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi förbättrades avseende smärta respektive aktivitetsförmåga, under nio respektive fem veckors interventionsfas. Av de tre patienter som behandlades enbart med NRB upplevde en patient en försämring avseende smärta och aktivitetsförmåga, en valde att avsluta sin medverkan och en behandlades som bortfall.

    Slutsats: NRB i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi kan minska smärta och förbättra aktivitetsförmåga för enskilda patienter med symtomgivande lumbosakralt diskbråck.

     

  • 2. Aarseth, Espen
    et al.
    Bean, Anthony M.
    Boonen, Huub
    Carras, Michelle Colder
    Coulson, Mark
    Das, Dimitri
    Deleuze, Jory
    Dunkels, Elza
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Edman, Johan
    Ferguson, Christopher J.
    Haagsma, Maria C.
    Bergmark, Karin Helmersson
    Hussain, Zaheer
    Jansz, Jeroen
    Kardefelt-Winther, Daniel
    Kutner, Lawrence
    Markey, Patrick
    Nielsen, Rune Kristian Lundedal
    Prause, Nicole
    Przybylski, Andrew
    Quandt, Thorsten
    Schimmenti, Adriano
    Starcevic, Vladan
    Stutman, Gabrielle
    Van Looy, Jan
    Van Rooij, Antonius J.
    Scholars' open debate paper on the World Health Organization ICD-11 Gaming Disorder proposal2017In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 267-270Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Concerns about problematic gaming behaviors deserve our full attention. However, we claim that it is far from clear that these problems can or should be attributed to a new disorder. The empirical basis for a Gaming Disorder proposal, such as in the new ICD-11, suffers from fundamental issues. Our main concerns are the low quality of the research base, the fact that the current operationalization leans too heavily on substance use and gambling criteria, and the lack of consensus on symptomatology and assessment of problematic gaming. The act of formalizing this disorder, even as a proposal, has negative medical, scientific, public-health, societal, and human rights fallout that should be considered. Of particular concern are moral panics around the harm of video gaming. They might result in premature application of diagnosis in the medical community and the treatment of abundant false-positive cases, especially for children and adolescents. Second, research will be locked into a confirmatory approach, rather than an exploration of the boundaries of normal versus pathological. Third, the healthy majority of gamers will be affected negatively. We expect that the premature inclusion of Gaming Disorder as a diagnosis in ICD-11 will cause significant stigma to the millions of children who play video games as a part of a normal, healthy life. At this point, suggesting formal diagnoses and categories is premature: the ICD-11 proposal for Gaming Disorder should be removed to avoid a waste of public health resources as well as to avoid causing harm to healthy video gamers around the world.

  • 3.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandsklinikens hälsocentral, Umeå, Sweden.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsa och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Individualized low-load motor control exercises and education versus a high-load lifting exercise and education to improve activity, pain intensity, and physical performance in patients with low back pain: a randomized controlled trial2015In: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, ISSN 0190-6011, E-ISSN 1938-1344, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 77-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Design Randomized controlled trial. Background Low back pain is a common disorder. Patients with low back pain frequently have aberrant and pain-provocative movement patterns that often are addressed with motor control exercises. Objective To compare the effects of low-load motor control (LMC) exercise and those of a high-load lifting (HLL) exercise. Methods Seventy participants with recurrent low back pain, who were diagnosed with nociceptive mechanical pain as their dominating pain pattern, were randomized to either LMC or HLL exercise treatments. Participants were offered 12 treatment sessions over an 8-week period. All participants were also provided with education regarding pain mechanisms. Methods Participants were assessed prior to and following treatment. The primary outcome measures were activity (the Patient-Specific Functional Scale) and average pain intensity over the last 7 days (visual analog scale). The secondary outcome measure was a physical performance test battery that included 1 strength, 3 endurance, and 7 movement control tests for the lumbopelvic region. Results Both interventions resulted in significant within-group improvements in pain intensity, strength, and endurance. The LMC group showed significantly greater improvement on the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (4.2 points) compared with the HLL group (2.5 points) (P<.001). There were no significant between-group differences in pain intensity (P = .505), strength, and 1 of the 3 endurance tests. However, the LMC group showed an increase (from 2.9 to 5.9) on the movement control test subscale, whereas the HLL group showed no change (from 3.9 to 3.1) (P<.001). Conclusion An LMC intervention may result in superior outcomes in activity, movement control, and muscle endurance compared to an HLL intervention, but not in pain intensity, strength, or endurance.

  • 4.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Hellqvist, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsa och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    A characterisation of pain, disability, kinesiophobia and physical capacity in patients with predominantly peripherally mediated mechanical low back pain2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandskliniken, Umeå.
    Lundström, Lena
    Pain Rehabilitation, Norrlands University Hospital, Umeå.
    Papacosta, Daniel
    Norrlandskliniken, Umeå.
    Sandlund, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Do we see the same movement impairments?: the inter-rater reliability of movement tests for experienced and novice physiotherapists2014In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 16, no 16, p. 173-182, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study design: Inter-rater reliability study. Background: Physiotherapists (PTs) use clinical tests including movement tests to identify faulty movement patterns. Aims: To investigate the inter-rater-reliability of active movement tests in the cervical spine, shoulder joint and scapulo-thoracic joint, and to describe the reasons for judgment of a positive test. Methodology: Four PTs, two experienced and two recently educated (novice), rated performance of five movement tests for 36 participants. Twenty-one of the participants were patients under treatment because of neck and/or shoulder problems, while 15 participants declared no problem from this region of the body. All tests were video recorded and the ratings were done by observing the video recordings. First, the PTs judged the tests as negative (the movement being ideally performed) or positive (the movement not being ideally performed). Then, the PTs described why the movements that they judged positive were not being ideally performed, using a predefined protocol, which represented different movement quality aspects. The inter-rater reliability was calculated for each test using Kappa statistics between the two experienced and the two novice PTs, respectively, and between each of the experienced and each of the novice PTs. Major findings: The experienced PTs had a higher inter-rater reliability than the novice PTs. The reasons for considering a movement test being positive differed highly between the (novice) PTs. Principal conclusion: This study supports previous studies concluding that the observation of active movement tests is reliable when assessed by experienced PTs. Novice PTs might benefit from further supervision.

  • 6.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Krafttag ska stoppa styrkelyftarnas skador2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Jensen, Bente R
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark .
    Sandfeld, Jesper
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark .
    Richter, Hans
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Lyskov, Eugene
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Crenshaw, Albert
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    The impact of object size and precision demands on fatigue during computer mouse use2011In: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 118-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prolonged computer use, especially if fatigue ensues, is associated with visual and musculoskeletal symptoms. The aim was to determine the time-course of perceived fatigue in the wrist, forearm, shoulder and eyes during a 60-min mouse task (painting rectangles), and whether object size and/or mouse use demands were of infl uence. Also, we investigated performance (number of rectangles painted), and whether perceived fatigue was paralleled by local muscle fatigue or tissue oxygenation.

    Ten women performed the task for three conditions (crossover design). At condition 1, rectangles were 45 25 mm, square paint cursor size 1.3 1.3 mm, and mouse – pointer movement ratio 1:26. At condition 2, the same cursor size and mouse – pointer movement ratio was used, but rectangles were smaller. At condition 3, the smaller rectangles were used, but the cursor size was also smaller and mouse – pointer movement ratio was 1:8. The results showed increased self-reported fatigue over time, with the observed increase greater for the eyes, but no change in physiological responses. Condition 2 resulted in higher performance and increased eye fatigue. Perceived fatigue in the muscles or physiological responses did not differ between conditions. In conclusion, computer work tasks imposing high visual and motor demands, and with high performance, seemed to have an infl uence on eye fatigue.

  • 8.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundell, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandskliniken, Umeå, Sweden.
    Westerståhl, Maria
    Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Karolinska institutet.
    Physical Activity Might Be of Greater Importance for Good Spinal Control Than If You Have Had Pain or Not: A Longitudinal Study2015In: Spine, ISSN 0362-2436, E-ISSN 1528-1159, Vol. 40, no 24, p. 1926-1933Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal design. A cohort followed in 3 waves of data collection.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the relationships between the performance of 2 tests of spinal control at the age of 52 years and low back pain, physical activity level, and fitness earlier in life, as well as to describe the cross-sectional relationships between these measures.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Altered spinal control has been linked to pain; however, other stimuli may also lead to inability to control the movements of the spine.

    METHODS: Participants answered questions about physical activity and low back pain, and performed physical fitness tests at the age of 16, 34, and 52 years. The fitness test battery included tests of endurance in the back and abdominal muscles, a submaximal bicycle ergometer test to estimate maximal oxygen uptake, and measurements of hip flexion, thoracic spine flexibility, and anthropometrics. Two tests were aggregated to a physical fitness index. At the age of 52, also 2 tests of spinal control, the standing Waiter's bow (WB) and the supine double leg lower (LL) were performed.

    RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses showed that higher back muscle endurance at the age of 34 years could positively predict WB performance at 52 years and higher physical fitness at the age of 34 could positively predict LL performance at 52 years. Regarding cross-sectional relationships, an inability to perform the WB correctly was associated with lower physical fitness, flexibility and physical activity, and larger waist circumference. An inability to correctly perform the LL was associated with lower physical fitness. One-year prevalence of pain was not significantly associated with WB or LL test performance.

    CONCLUSION: An active life resulting in higher physical fitness is related to better spinal control in middle-aged men and women. This further strengthens the importance of physical activity throughout the life span.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

  • 9.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundell, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Jansson, Eva
    Westerståhl, Maria
    The Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort born in 1958 - dropout analysis and overview at 36-year follow-up2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 418-429Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort study (SPAF-1958) was to describe physical fitness, physical activity, health, and lifestyle across part of the lifespan, and to assess the influences on these factors from the environment, personal factors, and genetics. There is inevitable dropout from longitudinal studies, and it may be systematic. The aim of this first paper of the second follow-up of SPAF-1958 was to provide a dropout analysis to consider to what extent the participants, at 52 years of age, remain a representative sample of the original adolescent study population. Additional aims were to provide an overview of the study protocol and the ongoing study population. Ongoing study participants in SPAF born in 1958 were, at the second follow-up at the age of 52, still representative of the study cohort in terms of sex, adolescent geographical area, upper secondary school program, adolescent body composition, muscular strength, and muscular endurance. However, a higher physical activity and, among women, a higher aerobic capacity in adolescence decreased the risk for dropout. It is important when interpreting results from longitudinal studies to adjust for the systematic dropout that could bias the conclusions drawn from the results.

  • 10.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Paulin, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Madison, Guy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, bi-weekly body conditioning classes in sedentary women2017In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 451-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the study were (1) to investigate the effects of participation in low impact body conditioning classes on physical fitness in sedentary women at different ages and (2) to examine the correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, the participation. Ninety-two sedentary women (mean age 44.2 years) participated in 11-weeks of bi-weekly classes that included cardiovascular, strength, core, endurance and mobility exercises, all performed in synchrony with music. Cardiorespiratory fitness, maximal lifting strength, mobility and balance tests were performed pre- and post the exercise period and the short-form Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ-S) was completed. Zero-order Spearman correlation analyses showed that women who rated the PSDQ-S dimension Sport competence higher participated in a larger number of sessions (rs=0.24, p=0.040). At post-tests, all participants had increased their balance, the participants aged 20-34 years had increased their lifting strength, and the participants aged 35-65 years had increased their cardiorespiratory fitness and mobility. Most PSDQ-S dimensions did not affect performance change, but the perception of being physically active was related to increased cardiovascular fitness. We conclude that women with a sedentary lifestyle who wish to increase their physical capacity benefit from music exercise and that inquiries about perceived sport competence and physical activity can improve recommendations made by strength and conditioning professionals.

  • 11.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Sport Sciences Center.
    Svartholm, Ivar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Sport Sciences Center.
    Injuries among weightlifters and powerlifters: a systematic review2017In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 211-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting are two sports that expose the body to great forces. Injury characteristics have not been systematically reviewed for these two growing sports.

    Objective The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding various definitions of injuries used, injury localisation, the prevalence and incidence of injuries and the associated risk factors for injuries in weightlifting and powerlifting.

    Design Systematic review.

    Data sources Five databases, PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and Web of Science, were searched between 9 March and 6 April 2015.

    Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Studies assessing injury incidence and prevalence in Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting were included. The Quality assessment tool for observational cohort and cross-sectional studies was used to assess methodological quality.

    Results 9 studies were included in the review. Injury was defined fairly consistently across studies. Most studies were of low methodological quality. The spine, shoulder and the knee were the most common injury localisations in both sports. The injury incidence in weightlifting was 2.4–3.3 injuries/1000 hours of training and 1.0–4.4 injuries/1000 hours of training in powerlifting. Only one retrospective study had analysed possible risk factors.

    Summary/conclusions The risk of injury in both sports were similar to other non-contact sports also requiring strength/power, but low compared to contact sports. The severity of injuries differed in the included studies. Since little has been studied regarding possible risk factors to injuries, further research is therefore warranted to explain why athletes get injured and how to prevent injuries.

    Trial registration number PROSPERO CRD42015014805.

  • 12.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Westerståhl, Maria
    Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin avd för klinisk fysiologi Karolinska institutet .
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Jansson, Eva
    Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin avd för klinisk fysiologi Karolinska institutet .
    Hälsoresan till medelåldern2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 2, p. 4p. 40-43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är viktigast för att få en god hälsa som vuxen? Sedan 1974 har vi följt samma personer från 16 års ålder in i medelåldern och studerat deras hälsa från flera olika synvinklar. Nu pågår den tredje mätomgången.

  • 13.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Personalens hälsa och arbetsmiljö2009In: Prehospital akutsjukvård / [ed] Björn-Ove Suserud och Leif Svensson, Stockholm: Liber, 2009, p. 33-38Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Aasted, Evelina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Danielsson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Den laddade gymspegeln: - Unga styrketränande kvinnors förhållande till speglar på gymmet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Spegeln har en lång historia som en väsentlig del i rehabilitering och används med varierade syften inom olika fysioterapeutiska områden. Forskning har dock visat att träning i speglade miljöer kan ge en negativ påverkan på självkänslan. Det är därför av stor vikt för fysioterapeuter att vara medveten om och inventera speglarnas olika påverkan.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att utforska unga styrketränande kvinnors förhållande till speglar på gymmet och hur det påverkar deras kroppsuppfattning och självkänsla.

    Metod: Studien baseras på kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra unga kvinnor. Inkluderingskriterierna är var unga styrketränande kvinnor i åldrarna 20-25 år. Intervjuguiden som användes är var semistrukturerade och analysmetoden är var Grounded Theory.

    Resultat: Resultatet av analysen utmynnade i kärnkategorin ”Den laddade gymspegeln” och kategorier med tillhörande underkategorier. De kategorier som formulerades fram var: ”Speglad trygghet och motivation”, ”Reflekterad osäkerhet”, ”Den dömande gymspegeln”, ”Gymspegeln skapar bidrar till stressig gymmiljö”, ”Gymspegeln som förstärkare av krävande kroppsideal”. Som sista steg i analysen skapades en modell.

    Konklusion: Unga styrketränande kvinnor upplevdeer att det finns en såväl positiv som negativ laddning med speglar på gymmet. Det var viktigt med speglar ur teknik- och skadepreventionssyfte. Samtidigt bidrog den speglade miljön till ett jämförande och ökat dömande. Det är fördelaktigt för fysioterapeuter att vara medvetna om speglarnas påverkan på unga styrketränande kvinnors självkänsla och kroppsuppfattning. Mer forskning krävs inom området.

  • 15. Abbara, Aula
    et al.
    Al-Harbat, Nizar
    Karah, Nabil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine).
    Abo-Yahya, Bashar
    El-Amin, Wael
    Hatcher, James
    Gabbar, Omar
    Antimicrobial Drug Resistance among Refugees from Syria, Jordan2017In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1080-6040, E-ISSN 1080-6059, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 885-886Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16. Abbas, S
    et al.
    Linseisen, J
    Rohrmann, S
    Beulens, JWJ
    Buijsse, B
    Amiano, P
    Ardanaz, E
    Balkau, B
    Boeing, H
    Clavel-Chapelon, F
    Fagherazzi, G
    Franks, Paul W
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Gavrila, D
    Grioni, S
    Kaaks, R
    Key, TJ
    Khaw, KT
    Kuehn, T
    Mattiello, A
    Molina-Montes, E
    Nilsson, PM
    Overvad, K
    Quiros, JR
    Rolandsson, Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Sacerdote, C
    Saieva, C
    Slimani, N
    Sluijs, I
    Spijkerman, AMW
    Tjonneland, A
    Tumino, R
    van der A, DL
    Zamora-Ros, R
    Sharp, SJ
    Langenberg, C
    Forouhi, NG
    Riboli, E
    Wareham, NJ
    Dietary vitamin D intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition: the EPIC-InterAct study2014In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 68, no 2, p. 196-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prospective cohort studies have indicated that serum vitamin D levels are inversely related to risk of type 2 diabetes. However, such studies cannot determine the source of vitamin D. Therefore, we examined the association of dietary vitamin D intake with incident type 2 diabetes within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct study in a heterogeneous European population including eight countries with large geographical variation.

    SUBJECTS/METHODS: Using a case-cohort design, 11 245 incident cases of type 2 diabetes and a representative subcohort (N = 15 798) were included in the analyses. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for type 2 diabetes were calculated using a Prentice-weighted Cox regression adjusted for potential confounders. Twenty-four-hour diet-recall data from a subsample (N = 2347) were used to calibrate habitual intake data derived from dietary questionnaires.

    RESULTS: Median follow-up time was 10.8 years. Dietary vitamin D intake was not significantly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. HR and 95% CIs for the highest compared to the lowest quintile of uncalibrated vitamin D intake was 1.09 (0.97-1.22) (P-trend = 0.17). No associations were observed in a sex-specific analysis. The overall pooled effect (HR (95% CI)) using the continuous calibrated variable was 1.00 (0.97-1.03) per increase of 1 mg/day dietary vitamin D.

    CONCLUSIONS: This observational study does not support an association between higher dietary vitamin D intake and type 2 diabetes incidence. This result has to be interpreted in light of the limited contribution of dietary vitamin D on the overall vitamin D status of a person.

  • 17. Abbas, Sascha
    et al.
    Linseisen, Jakob
    Rohrmann, Sabine
    Chang-Claude, Jenny
    Peeters, Petra H
    Engel, Pierre
    Brustad, Magritt
    Lund, Eiliv
    Skeie, Guri
    Olsen, Anja
    Tjønneland, Anne
    Overvad, Kim
    Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine
    Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise
    Fagherazzi, Guy
    Kaaks, Rudolf
    Boeing, Heiner
    Buijsse, Brian
    Adarakis, George
    Ouranos, Vassilis
    Trichopoulou, Antonia
    Masala, Giovanna
    Krogh, Vittorio
    Mattiello, Amalia
    Tumino, Rosario
    Sacerdote, Carlotta
    Buckland, Genevieve
    Suárez, Marcial Vicente Argüelles
    Sánchez, Maria-José
    Chirlaque, Maria-Dolores
    Barricarte, Aurelio
    Amiano, Pilar
    Manjer, Jonas
    Wirfält, Elisabet
    Lenner, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Sund, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Bueno-de-Mesquita, H B
    van Duijnhoven, Fränzel J B
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Wareham, Nick
    Key, Timothy J
    Fedirko, Veronika
    Romieu, Isabelle
    Gallo, Valentina
    Norat, Teresa
    Wark, Petra A
    Riboli, Elio
    Dietary intake of vitamin D and calcium and breast cancer risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition2013In: Nutrition and Cancer, ISSN 0163-5581, E-ISSN 1532-7914, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 178-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies assessing the effects of vitamin D or calcium intake on breast cancer risk have been inconclusive. Furthermore, few studies have evaluated them jointly. This study is the largest so far examining the association of dietary vitamin D and calcium intake with breast cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. During a mean follow-up of 8.8 yr, 7760 incident invasive breast cancer cases were identified among 319,985 women. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for pre- and postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Comparing the highest with the lowest quintile of vitamin D intake, HR and 95% CI were 1.07 (0.87-1.32) and 1.02 (0.90-1.16) for pre- and postmenopausal women, respectively. The corresponding HR and 95% CIs for calcium intake were 0.98 (0.80-1.19) and 0.90 (0.79-1.02), respectively. For calcium intake in postmenopausal women, the test for trend was borderline statistically significant (P(trend) = 0.05). There was no significant interaction between vitamin D and calcium intake and cancer risk (P(interaction) = 0.57 and 0.22 in pre- and postmenopausal women, respectively). In this large prospective cohort, we found no evidence for an association between dietary vitamin D or calcium intake and breast cancer risk.

  • 18. Abbasi, Arshad Mehmood
    et al.
    Khan, Mir Ajab
    Khan, Nadeem
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).
    Shah, Munir H
    Ethnobotanical survey of medicinally important wild edible fruits species used by tribal communities of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan2013In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, ISSN 0378-8741, E-ISSN 1872-7573, Vol. 148, no 2, p. 528-536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnopharmacological relevance: Present survey was conducted to explore ethnomedicinal uses and cultural importance of wild edible fruits species by the inhabitants of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan. Materials and methods: Information was obtained through informed consent semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, market survey, focus group conversation, unceremonious dialogue and village walks with key informants. Cultural significance of each species was calculated based on use report by participants at each study site. Results: A total of 35 wild edible fruits belonging to 21 genera and 17 families were used for the treatment of various ailments and consumed. Rosaceae was found dominating family with (8 spp.), followed by Moraceae (6 spp.), Rhamnaceae (5 spp.), Palmae and Vitaceae (2 spp. each) and remaining families were represented by one species each. Fruits (48%) were found highly utilized plant parts, followed by leaves (34%), bark, flowers and seeds (4% each), branches, latex and roots (2% each). Water was used as a medium for preparation while milk, ghee, oil, egg and butter are used for application. Modes of preparation were fall into seven categories like fresh parts eaten raw (38%), powder (24%), decoction (20%), extract (12 %), paste (4%), juice and latex (2% each). Based on cultural important index (CI) Morus nigra was found most significant species within top ten fruit plants followed by Morus alba, Olea ferruginea, Berberis lycium, Pyrus pashia, Ficus carica, Ficus palmata, Ziziphus mauritiana, Diospyros lotus and Ziziphus nummularia. Conclusions: Traditional uses of wild edible plant depend mainly on socio-economic factors rather than climatic conditions or wealth of flora. Use reports and citation demonstrated that there is a common cultural heritage regarding the gathered food plants. Further investigation is required for Antioxidant study, essential and toxic components, pharmacological applications; dietary requirements and biotechnological techniques to improve yields.

    (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 19.
    Abd Mohammed, Mena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Dental treatment under general anesthesia for children in the county of Västerbotten2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Abdelmoety, Ahmed
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    An investigation into the lived experiences of parents and health professionals involved in the treatment of children with cleft lip and/ or cleft palate in Egypt2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Abdollahi, Nyayesh
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience.
    Modifierad constraint-induced movement therapy förbättrar livskvalitet hos unga stroke-patienter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Abdollahi, Nyayesh
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Modifierad constraint-induced movement therapy förbättrar livskvalité hos unga stroke-patienter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Abdul Hussain, Mauj
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Hawaz Ali, Suzan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Contamination Controls for Root Canal Sample Analysis by Molecular Methods: A pilot study.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When exploring the root canal flora, before and after treatment, it is crucial to eliminate bacteria from the tooth surface before entering the pulp. If not, bacteria from the surface might contaminate the root canal sample resulting in false information. When using molecular techniques, not only bacteria are to be eliminated but also DNA from bacteria to avoid contamination from the surface. The aim of the study was to examine if DNA from bacteria can be eliminated using a modified disinfection protocol. Samples from the tooth surface were taken from ten intact teeth stored in ethanol/ glycerol (50 % / 50 %) prior to the experiment. The teeth were sampled before and after cleaning the surface with H2O2 (30 %), NaOCl (3 %) and EDTA (0.5 M). Samples were taken from buccal, occlusal and lingual enamel and dentin surfaces. All samples were analyzed with polymerase chain reaction and culture. In a second experiment, ten teeth were placed in a bacterial solution containing Enterococcus faecalis for three days and sampled as above. No growth could be detected using the conventional culture technique from the post-wash samples. The results show that the teeth could not entirely become free from bacterial DNA using the performed cleaning routine as all samples were positive for bacterial DNA after cleaning. The average amount of detectable bacterial DNA was decreased with 95 % after the cleaning procedure. The results confirm reduction of bacterial DNA after cleaning, however, detectable bacterial DNA is still evident after disinfection. 

  • 24.
    Abdulamir, Dalia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Evaluation of the Role of Histidines Regarding the Self-assembly and Fibrillar Stability of Amyloid βeta2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Abdulbasid Samad, Delan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Farmaceut-patientkommunikation på öppenvårdsapotek i Kurdistan: En observationsstudie som undersöker i vilken omfattning apotekspersonalen informerar om läkemedelsanvändningen och dess verkan.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Apotekens riktlinjer har utvecklats från att ha begränsat farmaceuter ideras utdelning av medicin till att ge råd eller erbjuda rådgivning om patientens medicinering. Det är viktigt att farmaceuter ger rådgivning kring patienters medicinering då det ger effektivt behandlingsresultat, ökad följsamhet och minskar konfusion och osäkerhet hos patienten. Studier har visat att den farmaceutiska rådgivningen varierar mycket på apotek. En svensk studie har visat att samtalet mellan farmaceut och patient fokuserar mer på ekonomi och regelverk än att ge farmaceutiskrådgivning. Det har tidigare inte gjorts studier på hur kommunikation samt den farmaceutiska rådgivningen fungerar i mellanöstern.

    Syfte: Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka kommunikationen mellan farmaceut och patient på öppenvårdsapotek i Kurdistan, Irak. Kommunikationen kommer att undersökas utifrån hur lång tid patientmötena tar och innehåll. Det som studeras är i vilken utsträckning apotekspersonalen konsulterar patienter samt den information som tillhandahålls till patienterna ur ett farmaceutiskt perspektiv.

    Metod: En kvantitativ och icke- deltagande observationsstudie där patientmöten observerades utifrån innehåll och tidsmätning av mötet. Observatören bockade avämnen som tas upp under mötet utefter en empirisk fastställd observationsmall.

    Resultat: 4 apotek deltog i studien och det gjordes sammanlagt 90 observationer varav 85 stycken inkluderades i studien. Apotekmiljön har en negativ påverkan på patientmötena, exempelvis att det saknas ett avskilt ställe för ett privatsamtal medpatienter, bullret i omgivningen och dålig organiserad läkemedel. Den stora delen av den medicinska konsulteringen är information om administrering, lite om läkemedelsverkan och nästan inget om biverkningar. Det icke-medicinska innehållet var frågor om pris och tillgänglighet av läkemedel.

    Diskussion: Det finns säkert många anledningar för varför kommunikationen inte är fokuserad på konsultering till patienter. En orsak kan vara otillräcklig kunskap bland informatörerna som konsultering kring biverkningar och läkemedels verkan exkluderas i kommunikationen. En annan förklaring kan vara att rådgivningen tar mer tid och at tapoteksägare upplever rådgivning som en dyr tjänst och av den anledningen inteprioriterar sin uppmärksamhet på läkemedelsrådgivning. Försäljningen som uppenbarligen inte ligger i att ge läkemedelsrådgivning till patienterna.

    Slutsats: Den här observationsstudien visade att mycket lite tid (medeltid 125,5 smin7 s/max 427 s) tillägnas till rådgivning kring patientens medicinering. Läkemedel är en stor behandlingsmetod inom hälso- och sjukvården av den orsaken borde farmaceutisk rådgivning vara tillgänglig för personer som besöker apotek. Resultatet avden här studien visar att dagens patientmöten på öppenvårdapotek i Kurdistan inte fokuserar på konsultering kring läkemedel. Eventuellt kommer patienten inte få ett nyttigt behandlingsresultat.

  • 26.
    Abdullah, Sara Alawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Biomedical Laboratory Science.
    Lång respektive fördröjd provtransport ger försämrad blodprovskvalitet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Abdullatif, Zina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sjuksköterskors bidrag till farmakovigilans arbete i Sverige En retrospektiv analys av alla sjuksköterskors biverkningsrapporter år 2015: En retrospektiv analys av alla sjuksköterskors biverkningsrapporter år 20152016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Abdulleteef, Lina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Biomedical Laboratory Science.
    Förekomst av humant papillomvirus i tonsillcancer i norra regionen i Sverige 2000-20122013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Abed, Shahla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Is adiponectin secreted via caveolae?: The importance of caveolae for stimulated adiponectin secretion in obesity2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Abed, Shahla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Läkemedel mot Bcl-2 överuttryckande resistenta Prostatatumörer: Läkemedel mot Bcl-2 överuttryckande resistenta Prostatatumörer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Abedan Kondori, Farid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Liu, Li
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    3D Active Human Motion Estimation for Biomedical Applications2012In: World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering May 26-31, 2012, Beijing, China / [ed] Mian Long, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, , p. 4p. 1014-1017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Movement disorders forbid many people from enjoying their daily lives. As with other diseases, diagnosis and analysis are key issues in treating such disorders. Computer vision-based motion capture systems are helpful tools for accomplishing this task. However Classical motion tracking systems suffer from several limitations. First they are not cost effective. Second these systems cannot detect minute motions accurately. Finally they are spatially limited to the lab environment where the system is installed. In this project, we propose an innovative solution to solve the above-mentioned issues. Mounting the camera on human body, we build a convenient, low cost motion capture system that can be used by the patient while practicing daily-life activities. We refer to this system as active motion capture, which is not confined to the lab environment. Real-time experiments in our lab revealed the robustness and accuracy of the system.

  • 32.
    Abedpour Dehkordi, Adel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Nayeri, H.
    Naderi, G. A.
    Dinani, N. Jafari
    Boshtam, M.
    Interleukin-6 reduces paraoxonase-1 activity in a dose-dependent manner: evidence for a potential novel lipoprotein-based modulatory mechanism2016In: Atherosclerosis, ISSN 0021-9150, E-ISSN 1879-1484, Vol. 252, p. E113-E114Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory nature of HDL is mainly associated with paraoxonase-1 (PON1). Previous studies have revealed an inverse correlation between Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and PON1 expression. The current study investigates the effect of IL-6 on serum PON1 activity in vitro, given the potential structural capability of PON1 to host multiple ligands. Methods: PON1 activity was measured spectrophotometrically (234 nm) using paraoxon substrate in the presence of concentrations of IL-6 than control samples. A sequence alignment using the FASTA sequence was manually conducted to identify possible homologies between PON1 and the IL-6-binding protein. Statistical analysis was conducted using GraphPad Prism v5.0. Results: PON1 enzyme activity decreased by 15%, 26% (P<0.05) and 55% (P<0.001) in the presence of 4, 10 and 20 pg/ml of IL-6, respectively. in comparison with the controls. Student t. test was used as statistical method (p<0.05: statistically significant). There are potential homologies between PON1 active sites and know IL-6-binding residues. Conclusions: This study shows that IL-6 directly reduce the PON1 activity in a dose-dependent manner. This observation supports some studies indicating inverse correlation between PON1 and IL-6. However, as opposed to the gene-mediated approach, this study suggest that IL-6 may act directly through specific binding to PON1 (biochemical modulation). X ray crystallography can further scrutinize the present finding.

  • 33. Abel, Olubunmi
    et al.
    Powell, John F.
    Andersen, Peter M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience.
    Al-Chalabi, Ammar
    ALSoD: A user-friendly online bioinformatics tool for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis genetics2012In: Human Mutation, ISSN 1059-7794, E-ISSN 1098-1004, Vol. 33, no 9, p. 1345-1351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the commonest adult onset motor neuron disease, with a peak age of onset in the seventh decade. With advances in genetic technology, there is an enormous increase in the volume of genetic data produced, and a corresponding need for storage, analysis, and interpretation, particularly as our understanding of the relationships between genotype and phenotype mature. Here, we present a system to enable this in the form of the ALS Online Database (ALSoD at http://alsod.iop.kcl.ac.uk), a freely available database that has been transformed from a single gene storage facility recording mutations in the SOD1 gene to a multigene ALS bioinformatics repository and analytical instrument combining genotype, phenotype, and geographical information with associated analysis tools. These include a comparison tool to evaluate genes side by side or jointly with user configurable features, a pathogenicity prediction tool using a combination of computational approaches to distinguish variants with nonfunctional characteristics from disease-associated mutations with more dangerous consequences, and a credibility tool to enable ALS researchers to objectively assess the evidence for gene causation in ALS. Furthermore, integration of external tools, systems for feedback, annotation by users, and two-way links to collaborators hosting complementary databases further enhance the functionality of ALSoD. Hum Mutat 33:1345-1351, 2012. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 34. Abel, Olubunmi
    et al.
    Powell, John F
    Andersen, Peter M
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience.
    Al-Chalabi, Ammar
    Credibility analysis of putative disease-causing genes using bioinformatics2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 6, p. e64899-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Genetic studies are challenging in many complex diseases, particularly those with limited diagnostic certainty, low prevalence or of old age. The result is that genes may be reported as disease-causing with varying levels of evidence, and in some cases, the data may be so limited as to be indistinguishable from chance findings. When there are large numbers of such genes, an objective method for ranking the evidence is useful. Using the neurodegenerative and complex disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) as a model, and the disease-specific database ALSoD, the objective is to develop a method using publicly available data to generate a credibility score for putative disease-causing genes.

    Methods: Genes with at least one publication suggesting involvement in adult onset familial ALS were collated following an exhaustive literature search. SQL was used to generate a score by extracting information from the publications and combined with a pathogenicity analysis using bioinformatics tools. The resulting score allowed us to rank genes in order of credibility. To validate the method, we compared the objective ranking with a rank generated by ALS genetics experts. Spearman's Rho was used to compare rankings generated by the different methods.

    Results: The automated method ranked ALS genes in the following order: SOD1, TARDBP, FUS, ANG, SPG11, NEFH, OPTN, ALS2, SETX, FIG4, VAPB, DCTN1, TAF15, VCP, DAO. This compared very well to the ranking of ALS genetics experts, with Spearman's Rho of 0.69 (P = 0.009).

    Conclusion: We have presented an automated method for scoring the level of evidence for a gene being disease-causing. In developing the method we have used the model disease ALS, but it could equally be applied to any disease in which there is genotypic uncertainty.

  • 35. Abelsson, J
    et al.
    Merup, M
    Birgegård, G
    WeisBjerrum, O
    Brinch, L
    Brune, M
    Johansson, P
    Kauppila, M
    Lenhoff, S
    Liljeholm, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Malm, C
    Remes, K
    Vindelöv, L
    Andréasson, B
    The outcome of allo-HSCT for 92 patients with myelofibrosis in the Nordic countries.2012In: Bone Marrow Transplantation, ISSN 0268-3369, E-ISSN 1476-5365, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 380-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Between 1982 and 2009 a total of 92 patients with myelofibrosis (MF) in chronic phase underwent allo-SCT in nine Nordic transplant centers. Myeloablative conditioning (MAC) was given to 40 patients, and reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) was used in 52 patients. The mean age in the two groups at transplantation was 46±12 and 55±8 years, respectively (P<0.001). When adjustment for age differences was made, the survival of the patients treated with RIC was significantly better (P=0.003). Among the RIC patients, the survival was significantly (P=0.003) better for the patients with age <60 years (a 10-year survival close to 80%) than for the older patients. The type of stem cell donor did not significantly affect the survival. No significant difference was found in TRM at 100 days between the MAC- and the RIC-treated patients. The probability of survival at 5 years was 49% for the MAC-treated patients and 59% in the RIC group (P=0.125). Patients treated with RIC experienced significantly less aGVHD compared with patients treated with MAC (P<0.001). The OS at 5 years was 70, 59 and 41% for patients with Lille score 0, 1 and 2, respectively (P=0.038, when age adjustment was made). Twenty-one percent of the patients in the RIC group were given donor lymphocyte infusion because of incomplete donor chimerism, compared with none of the MAC-treated patients (P<0.002). Nine percent of the patients needed a second transplant because of graft failure, progressive disease or transformation to AML, with no significant difference between the groups. Our conclusions are (1) allo-SCT performed with RIC gives a better survival compared with MAC. (2) age over 60 years is strongly related to a worse outcome and (3) patients with higher Lille score had a shorter survival.

  • 36. Aboagye, Emmanuel
    et al.
    Hagberg, Jan
    Axén, Iben
    Kwak, Lydia
    Lohela-Karlsson, Malin
    Skillgate, Eva
    Dahlgren, Gunilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Jensen, Irene
    Individual preferences for physical exercise as secondary prevention for non-specific low back pain: a discrete choice experiment2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 12, article id e0187709Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults. Methods: In a discrete choice experiment, working individuals with non-specific LBP answered a webbased questionnaire. Each respondent was given ten pairs of hypothetical exercise programs and asked to choose one option from each pair. The choices comprised six attributes of exercise (i.e., type of training, design, intensity, frequency, proximity and incentives), each with either three or four levels. A conditional logit regression that reflected the random utility model was used to analyze the responses. Results: The final study population consisted of 112 participants. The participants' preferred exercise option was aerobic (i.e., cardiovascular) rather than strength training, group exercise with trainer supervision, rather than individual or unsupervised exercise. They also preferred high intensity exercise performed at least once or twice per week. The most popular types of incentive were exercise during working hours and a wellness allowance rather than coupons for sports goods. The results show that the relative value of some attribute levels differed between young adults (age <= 44 years) and older adults (age <= 45 years) in terms of the level of trainer supervision required, exercise intensity, travel time to exercise location and financial incentives. For active study participants, exercise frequency (i.e., twice per week, 1.15; CI: 0.25; 2.06) influenced choice of exercise. For individuals with more than one child, travel time (i.e., 20 minutes, - 0.55; CI: 0.65; 3.26) was also an influential attribute for choice of exercise, showing that people with children at home preferred to exercise close to home. Conclusions: This study adds to our knowledge about what types of exercise working adults with back pain are most likely to participate in. The exercise should be a cardiovascular type of training carried out in a group with trainer supervision. It should also be of high intensity and preferably performed twice per week during working hours. Coupons for sports goods do not appear to motivate physical activity among workers with LBP. The findings of the study could have a substantial impact on the planning and development of exercise provision and promotion strategies to improve non-specific LBP. Providers and employers may be able to improve participation in exercise programs for adults with non-specific LBP by focusing on the exercise components which are the most attractive. This in turn would improve satisfaction and adherence to exercise interventions aimed at preventing recurrent non-specific LBP.

  • 37.
    Aboka, Deliana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Prescribing practices of oral anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation stroke prophylaxis: An online survey among practitioners from Sweden and the United Kingdom2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38. Abosch, Aviva
    et al.
    Timmermann, Lars
    Bartley, Sylvia
    Rietkerk, Hans Guido
    Whiting, Donald
    Connolly, Patrick J.
    Lanctin, David
    Hariz, Marwan I.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience.
    An International Survey of Deep Brain Stimulation Procedural Steps2013In: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, ISSN 1011-6125, E-ISSN 1423-0372, Vol. 91, no 1, p. 1-11Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery is standard of care for the treatment of certain movement disorders.

    Objective: We sought to characterize the spectrum of steps performed in DBS surgery, at centers around the world where this surgery is performed.

    Methods: We identified the main steps in DBS surgery workflow and grouped these 19 steps into 3 phases (preoperative, operative, and postoperative). A survey tool, informed by a pilot survey, was administered internationally by trained study personnel at high- and low-volume DBS centers. Procedural components, duration, and surgeon motivational factors were assessed. Cluster analysis was used to identify procedural and behavioral clusters.

    Results: One hundred eighty-five procedure workflow surveys (143 DBS centers) and 65 online surveys of surgeon motivational drivers were completed (45% response rate). Significant heterogeneity in technique, operative time, and surgeon motivational drivers was reported across centers.

    Conclusions: We provide a description of the procedural steps involved in DBS surgery and the duration of these steps, based on an international survey. These data will enable individual surgeons and centers to examine their own experience relative to colleagues at other centers and in other countries. Such information could also be useful in comparing efficiencies and identifying workflow obstacles between different hospital environments.

  • 39. AbouZahr, Carla
    et al.
    Boerma, Ties
    Byass, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Publ Hlth, Johannesburg, South Africa ; Univ Aberdeen, Inst Appl Hlth Sci, Aberdeen, Scotland.
    Bridging the data gaps: do we have the right balance between country data and global estimates?2017In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 10, article id 1299978Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40. Abraham, Nabil M.
    et al.
    Liu, Lei
    Jutras, Brandon Lyon
    Yadav, Akhilesh K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS).
    Narasimhan, Sukanya
    Gopalakrishnan, Vissagan
    Ansari, Juliana M.
    Jefferson, Kimberly K.
    Cava, Felipe
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS).
    Jacobs-Wagner, Christine
    Fikrig, Erol
    Pathogen-mediated manipulation of arthropod microbiota to promote infection2017In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, no 5, p. E781-E790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Arthropods transmit diverse infectious agents; however, the ways microbes influence their vector to enhance colonization are poorly understood. Ixodes scapularis ticks harbor numerous human pathogens, including Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the agent of human granulocytic anaplasmosis. We now demonstrate that A. phagocytophilum modifies the I. scapularis microbiota to more efficiently infect the tick. A. phagocytophilum induces ticks to express Ixodes scapularis antifreeze glycoprotein (iafgp), which encodes a protein with several properties, including the ability to alter bacterial biofilm formation. IAFGP thereby perturbs the tick gut microbiota, which influences the integrity of the peritrophic matrix and gut barrier-critical obstacles for Anaplasma colonization. Mechanistically, IAFGP binds the terminal D-alanine residue of the pentapeptide chain of bacterial peptidoglycan, resulting in altered permeability and the capacity of bacteria to form biofilms. These data elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which a human pathogen appropriates an arthropod antibacterial protein to alter the gut microbiota and more effectively colonize the vector.

  • 41.
    Abrahamsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sörlin, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att vara förälder till ett barn med Diabetes typ 1: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie som beskriver föräldraras självupplevda erfarenheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Title: Being a parent of a child with type 1 diabetes

    Background: Type 1 diabetes is a common chronic childhood disease. The prevalence is increasing in several countries worldwide. Type 1 diabetes require a lifelong treatment. There is a risk of complications unless the blood sugar is maintained at normal levels.

    Aim: To describe parents self-perceived experiences of living with children with type 1 diabetes.

    Method: A literature study was conducted. The article search was done in PubMed and CINAHL databases. The results of ten qualitative studies were reviewed, analyzed and compiled. 

    Result: The result is presented in four main categories: Entering a new parent role, relate to a new everyday situation, the need for support and take and give responsibility.

    Conclusion: Parents are constantly exposed to challenges and adaptations in their daily lives. Transferring responsibility of the child was hard for the parents because of distrust and concern. Through the nurses encouragement and support about parents self-care ability, parent could be helped to feel safe about their children's daily care.

     

     

     

  • 42.
    Abrahamsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Larsson, Madeleine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Supramaximala cykelsprintintervaller - hur påverkas autonom kontroll?: En gruppträningsintervention för äldre2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Fysisk inaktivitet är vanligt, och många äldre uppnår inte WHO:s rekommendationer om fysisk aktivitet, vilket kan leda till ohälsa. Fysisk aktivitet har positiv hälsopåverkan på autonoma nervsystemet, ANS, vilket kan återspeglas i hög hjärtfrekvensvariabilitet, HRV. Högintensiv intervallträning, HIT, är tidseffektivt och har påvisats påverka HRV och autonom kontroll.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att i) undersöka hur autonom funktion hos äldre, mätt som hjärtfrekvensvariabilitet i vila samt hjärtfrekvens under aktivitet, påverkas av högintensiv intervallträning ,HIT, i form av extremt korta cykelsprintintervaller, samt ii) undersöka genomförbarheten av självständiga mätningar av autonom funktion i hemmet.

    Metod: Åtta friska, fysiskt aktiva forskningspersoner, 65-75 år, genomförde modifierat Borgs Cycle Strength test och modifierat submaximalt Åstrandstest för att estimera maximal aerob och anaerob förmåga. Sju forskningspersoner (ett bortfall) genomförde en gruppträningsintervention av 6-sekunders HIT-intervaller. Självständiga HRV-mätningar genomfördes med pulsklocka, fyra ggr/vecka, under fem veckor. HRV, mätt i rMSSD,  samt hjärtfrekvens under uppvärmning och nedvarvning analyserades hos tre forskningspersoner i en single-subject-analys. Genomförbarheten av HRV-mätningarna studerades.

    Resultat: Positiv påverkan på autonom kontroll, mätt i Root Mean Square of Successive Differences, rMSSD,, påvisades med statistik signifikans hos två av tre forskningspersoner, a=0,05. Hjärtfrekvens under uppvärmning och nedvarvning, HRex, var lägre under nedvarvning vid sista träningstillfället än det första hos alla forskningspersoner. HRex under uppvärmning minskade från första till sista träningstillfället för en forskningsperson, och var densamma för två forskningspersoner. Genomförbarhetsundersökningen resulterade i 20/20 insamlade mätpunkter för HRV.

    Konklusion: HIT tycks ha positiv påverkan på autonom kontroll, i form av ökad HRV, hos friska, fysiskt aktiva äldre personer. Det är möjligt för äldre personer att självständigt mäta HRV med pulsklocka i hemmet.

  • 43.
    Abrahamsson, Karolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Biomedical Laboratory Science.
    Detektion av herpesvirus i hjärnvävnad med q-PCR: Utvärdering av KAPA Express Extract kit och KAPA PROBE FORCE q-PCR kit2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Abrahamsson, Lillemor
    et al.
    Institutionen för kostvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ekblad, Jenny
    FoU Malmö stad, Malmö.
    Nutrition under livscykeln2013In: Näringslära för högskolan: från grundläggande till avancerad nutrition / [ed] Abrahamsson Lillemor, Andersson Agneta, Nilsson Gerd, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 6, p. 379-403Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Abrahamsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ljungdahl Ristare, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att vara man i ett kvinnodominerat yrke: Manliga vårdares upplevelser av att bemöta kvinnor i situationer som kan upplevas intima och de hanteringsstrategier som används2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Throughout history, the healthcare has been dominated primarily by female caregivers. There are areas for men in nursing which can be considered as taboo. These areas can often be related to intimate care of the opposite sex. Men do primarily work in technical positions in healthcare, for example as a radiographer. At present there is a knowledge gap regarding male radiographers’ intimate care of the opposite sex.

    Aim: Illuminate male caregivers' experiences of dealing with women in situations that can be experienced intimate in Western culture, and management strategies used.

    Method: Nine quality controlled qualitative studies were used in the result. These studies have been analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. The outcome resulted in two domains divided into three categories each, illuminating the experiences and handling strategies for how male caregivers perform and experiences giving intimate care to female patients.

    Results: Male caregivers’ express concern about sexual charges. They also experience prejudice and feel placed in stereotypical compartments that may affect their work with intimate care. To protect themselves they use methods such as communication, breaking the ice or taking help of female colleagues. Several male caregivers describe shortcomings in their education to learn how to handle intimate care.

    Conclusion: Further research is needed in the field of gender in healthcare and radiography linked to the male caregivers’ perspective of providing care. 

  • 46.
    Abrahamsson, Marléne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Viklund, Mikael
    Personers upplevelse av att leva med diabetesfotsår: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Peoples experience of living with diabetic foot ulcers

    Abstract

    Background: Foot ulcers related to diabetes is a global problem. These ulcers can be difficult to heal and very painful for the affected person. Risk for infections and amputations are high. Diabetic foot ulcers can change the affected person’s life world.

    Aim: The purpose of the literature study was to illustrate people's experiences of living with diabetic foot ulcers.

    Method: A literature study based on twelve articles with qualitative approach. The results from respective article has been reviewed, analyzed and compiled. The databases that were used was CINAHL, PubMed, MEDLINE och PsycINFO.

    Result: The analyze resulted in two categories and a total of five subcategories. The categories were: Lost autonomy and Emotional suffering.

    Conclusion: The experience of living with diabetic foot ulcers varies between individuals, but common to many is that they suffer in different ways and that the quality of life deteriorate. The nurse can be a cause of the suffering, but also a hopeful mainstay. To provide person-centered care and see the whole individual is a prerequisite for good nursing care.

    Keywords: Diabetic foot ulcers, experience, suffering.

  • 47.
    Abrahamsson, Mirjam
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Furufalk, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jämställdhet är...en alldeles för stor fråga: Barnmorskors uppfattningar om unga mäns ansvarstagande, delaktighet och möjlighet till råd och stöd, vid oönskade eller oplanerade graviditeter.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate midwives perceptions about young men’s responsibility and participation in case of unwanted and unplanned pregnancies and their ideas of support aimed at men, from an equality standpoint.

    Design: Semi-structured interviews with seven midwives in the north of Sweden. The interviews were analyzed with a qualitative content-analysis and from a Critical theory-perspective. It resulted in eleven sub-categories, four categories and one theme.

    Result: Four categories as follows, The excluded young men, shows midwives attitudes regarding that young women, the society and sexual and reproductive healthcare tends to exclude young men when it comes to men´s issues. It is a woman’s world: The midwives saw that their primary work was all about the women, where pregnancy and contraceptives overall was a woman´s matter, in which only women made the decisions. Young men acts according to the masculinity norms of the society: The young men were perceived as rarely looking for support and help with their reproductive and sexual health and were often perceived as having an immature approach to sex. Long way until the sexual and reproductive health is equal: Sex education for young men took place in large groups and was - according to the midwives, often focusing on the wrong things. Sex education needs to start early on and preferably with the support of parents. The midwives had the knowledge requested by young men, but were not routinely sharing it. The theme: Equal responsibility for reproduction no reality in practice includes all categories.

    Conclusion: Young men are considered important in theory but not in practice. The young men are perceived as absent from unplanned pregnancies. With their great knowledge within sexual and reproductive healthcare, midwives are considered ideal working with this group.

  • 48. Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Borjesson, Joey Lau
    Sundbom, Magnus
    Wiklund, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences.
    Karlsson, F. Anders
    Eriksson, Jan W.
    Gastric Bypass Reduces Symptoms and Hormonal Responses in Hypoglycemia2016In: Diabetes, ISSN 0012-1797, E-ISSN 1939-327X, Vol. 65, no 9, p. 2667-2675Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gastric bypass (GBP) surgery, one of the most common bariatric procedures, induces weight loss and metabolic effects. The mechanisms are not fully understood, but reduced food intake and effects on gastrointestinal hormones are thought to contribute. We recently observed that GBP patients have lowered glucose levels and frequent asymptomatic hypoglycemic episodes. Here, we subjected patients before and after undergoing GBP surgery to hypoglycemia and examined symptoms and hormonal and autonomic nerve responses. Twelve obese patients without diabetes (8 women, mean age 43.1 years [SD 10.8] and BMI 40.6 kg/m(2) [SD 3.1]) were examined before and 23 weeks (range 19-25) after GBP surgery with hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemic clamp (stepwise to plasma glucose 2.7 mmol/L). The mean change in Edinburgh Hypoglycemia Score during clamp was attenuated from 10.7 (6.4) before surgery to 5.2 (4.9) after surgery. There were also marked postsurgery reductions in levels of glucagon, cortisol, and catecholamine and the sympathetic nerve responses to hypoglycemia. In addition, growth hormone displayed a delayed response but to a higher peak level. Levels of glucagon-like peptide 1 and gastric inhibitory polypeptide rose during hypoglycemia but rose less postsurgery compared with presurgery. Thus, GBP surgery causes a resetting of glucose homeostasis, which reduces symptoms and neurohormonal responses to hypoglycemia. Further studies should address the underlying mechanisms as well as their impact on the overall metabolic effects of GBP surgery.

  • 49.
    Abrahamsson, Pernilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Bemötandets betydelse - ur de allergiska och överkänsliga individernas synvinkel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att individer med allergier själv vidtar åtgärder för att undvika allergiexponering och försöker minimera risker för insjuknande, utsätts de inför situationer i sin omgivande miljö som de inte kan kontrollera. Omgivningens kunskaper och synsätt kring allergier varierar. Syftet med denna studie var då att belysa hur individer med astma, allergi- och överkänsligheter upplever att omgivningens indirekta- och direkta bemötande inverkar på sättet att se på sig själva, sin livssituation och sin delaktighet i aktivitet. Fyra kvinnor med olika typer av astma, allergi och överkänslighet intervjuades. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att bearbeta det insamlade intervjumaterialet. Resultatet presenterades i fem huvudkategorier: Viljan att berätta beror på vem du möter. Att tvingas prioritera och acceptera risker för att få vara delaktig. Familj och vänners stöd underlättar. Vårdens och samhällets bemötande skapar osäkerhet. Andras agerande och kunskap påverkar. Denna studie visar bland hur omgivningens sätt att bemöta kan ha en försvårande och underlättande effekt för individer med allergiers självbild, livssituation och delaktighet i samhället, både fysiskt och socialt. Slutsatsen är att andra människors bemötanden, beteenden och sätt att vara har betydelse för hur individer med allergier påverkas av sin sjukdom. Arbetsterapeuter kan med sina kunskaper bidra till ökad förståelse och delaktighet för målgruppen i samhället.

     

    Sökord: allergi, hanteringsstrategier, bemötande, delaktighet, aktivitetsorättvisor, arbetsterapi   

  • 50.
    Abrahamsson, Pernilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Bemötandets betydelse - ur de allergiska och överkänsliga individernas synvinkel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att individer med allergier själv vidtar åtgärder för att undvika allergiexponering och försöker minimera risker för insjuknande, utsätts de inför situationer i sin omgivande miljö som de inte kan kontrollera. Omgivningens kunskaper och synsätt kring allergier varierar. Syftet med denna studie var då att belysa hur individer med astma, allergi- och överkänsligheter upplever att omgivningens indirekta- och direkta bemötande inverkar på sättet att se på sig själva, sin livssituation och sin delaktighet i aktivitet. Fyra kvinnor med olika typer av astma, allergi och överkänslighet intervjuades. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att bearbeta det insamlade intervjumaterialet. Resultatet presenterades i fem huvudkategorier: Viljan att berätta beror på vem du möter. Att tvingas prioritera och acceptera risker för att få vara delaktig. Familj och vänners stöd underlättar. Vårdens och samhällets bemötande skapar osäkerhet. Andras agerande och kunskap påverkar. Denna studie visar bland hur omgivningens sätt att bemöta kan ha en försvårande och underlättande effekt för individer med allergiers självbild, livssituation och delaktighet i samhället, både fysiskt och socialt. Slutsatsen är att andra människors bemötanden, beteenden och sätt att vara har betydelse för hur individer med allergier påverkas av sin sjukdom. Arbetsterapeuter kan med sina kunskaper bidra till ökad förståelse och delaktighet för målgruppen i samhället.

     

    Sökord: allergi, hanteringsstrategier, bemötande, delaktighet, aktivitetsorättvisor, arbetsterapi   

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