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  • 1.
    Aalto, Lina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Läckberg Holmquist, Victor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Nervrotsblockad i kombination med fysioterapi för patienter med diskbråck - en single subject experimental design2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Diskbråck i ländryggen med symtom av ischias, bensmärta, är en vanlig orsak till specifika ryggbesvär. Konservativa behandlingsmetoder rekommenderas före kirurgi. Diagnosen diskbråck är förknippad med kraftig smärta och begränsningar och är en vanlig orsak till att söka vård och behandling. Trots detta finns det idag ingen konsensus kring vilka behandlingsmetoder som är mest effektiva vid diskbråck.

    Syfte: Att undersöka effekten av nervrotsblockad i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi på smärta och aktivitetsförmåga för patienter med symtomgivande lumbosakralt diskbråck.

    Metod: Studiens utformning var en Single Subject Experimental Design (SSED), med en A-B design. Under baslinjefasen, A och interventionsfasen, B utfördes systematiska och upprepade mätningar av smärtintensitet och aktivitetsförmåga över tid. Totalt fem patienter med lumbosakralt diskbråck rekryterades från en klinik. Studien omfattades av två interventioner. Två patienter behandlades med nervrotsblockad (NRB) i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi och tre patienter behandlades endast med NRB. Mätdata presenteras med grafer i linjediagram och analyserades visuellt.

    Resultat: De två patienterna som fick NRB i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi förbättrades avseende smärta respektive aktivitetsförmåga, under nio respektive fem veckors interventionsfas. Av de tre patienter som behandlades enbart med NRB upplevde en patient en försämring avseende smärta och aktivitetsförmåga, en valde att avsluta sin medverkan och en behandlades som bortfall.

    Slutsats: NRB i kombination med individanpassad fysioterapi kan minska smärta och förbättra aktivitetsförmåga för enskilda patienter med symtomgivande lumbosakralt diskbråck.

     

  • 2.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Hellqvist, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsa och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    A characterisation of pain, disability, kinesiophobia and physical capacity in patients with predominantly peripherally mediated mechanical low back pain2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandskliniken, Umeå.
    Lundström, Lena
    Pain Rehabilitation, Norrlands University Hospital, Umeå.
    Papacosta, Daniel
    Norrlandskliniken, Umeå.
    Sandlund, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Do we see the same movement impairments?: the inter-rater reliability of movement tests for experienced and novice physiotherapists2014In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 16, no 16, 173-182 p., 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study design: Inter-rater reliability study. Background: Physiotherapists (PTs) use clinical tests including movement tests to identify faulty movement patterns. Aims: To investigate the inter-rater-reliability of active movement tests in the cervical spine, shoulder joint and scapulo-thoracic joint, and to describe the reasons for judgment of a positive test. Methodology: Four PTs, two experienced and two recently educated (novice), rated performance of five movement tests for 36 participants. Twenty-one of the participants were patients under treatment because of neck and/or shoulder problems, while 15 participants declared no problem from this region of the body. All tests were video recorded and the ratings were done by observing the video recordings. First, the PTs judged the tests as negative (the movement being ideally performed) or positive (the movement not being ideally performed). Then, the PTs described why the movements that they judged positive were not being ideally performed, using a predefined protocol, which represented different movement quality aspects. The inter-rater reliability was calculated for each test using Kappa statistics between the two experienced and the two novice PTs, respectively, and between each of the experienced and each of the novice PTs. Major findings: The experienced PTs had a higher inter-rater reliability than the novice PTs. The reasons for considering a movement test being positive differed highly between the (novice) PTs. Principal conclusion: This study supports previous studies concluding that the observation of active movement tests is reliable when assessed by experienced PTs. Novice PTs might benefit from further supervision.

  • 4.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Krafttag ska stoppa styrkelyftarnas skador2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Jensen, Bente R
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark .
    Sandfeld, Jesper
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark .
    Richter, Hans
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Lyskov, Eugene
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Crenshaw, Albert
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    The impact of object size and precision demands on fatigue during computer mouse use2011In: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 13, no 3, 118-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prolonged computer use, especially if fatigue ensues, is associated with visual and musculoskeletal symptoms. The aim was to determine the time-course of perceived fatigue in the wrist, forearm, shoulder and eyes during a 60-min mouse task (painting rectangles), and whether object size and/or mouse use demands were of infl uence. Also, we investigated performance (number of rectangles painted), and whether perceived fatigue was paralleled by local muscle fatigue or tissue oxygenation.

    Ten women performed the task for three conditions (crossover design). At condition 1, rectangles were 45 25 mm, square paint cursor size 1.3 1.3 mm, and mouse – pointer movement ratio 1:26. At condition 2, the same cursor size and mouse – pointer movement ratio was used, but rectangles were smaller. At condition 3, the smaller rectangles were used, but the cursor size was also smaller and mouse – pointer movement ratio was 1:8. The results showed increased self-reported fatigue over time, with the observed increase greater for the eyes, but no change in physiological responses. Condition 2 resulted in higher performance and increased eye fatigue. Perceived fatigue in the muscles or physiological responses did not differ between conditions. In conclusion, computer work tasks imposing high visual and motor demands, and with high performance, seemed to have an infl uence on eye fatigue.

  • 6.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundell, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandskliniken, Umeå, Sweden.
    Westerståhl, Maria
    Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Karolinska institutet.
    Physical Activity Might Be of Greater Importance for Good Spinal Control Than If You Have Had Pain or Not: A Longitudinal Study2015In: Spine, ISSN 0362-2436, E-ISSN 1528-1159, Vol. 40, no 24, 1926-1933 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal design. A cohort followed in 3 waves of data collection.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the relationships between the performance of 2 tests of spinal control at the age of 52 years and low back pain, physical activity level, and fitness earlier in life, as well as to describe the cross-sectional relationships between these measures.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Altered spinal control has been linked to pain; however, other stimuli may also lead to inability to control the movements of the spine.

    METHODS: Participants answered questions about physical activity and low back pain, and performed physical fitness tests at the age of 16, 34, and 52 years. The fitness test battery included tests of endurance in the back and abdominal muscles, a submaximal bicycle ergometer test to estimate maximal oxygen uptake, and measurements of hip flexion, thoracic spine flexibility, and anthropometrics. Two tests were aggregated to a physical fitness index. At the age of 52, also 2 tests of spinal control, the standing Waiter's bow (WB) and the supine double leg lower (LL) were performed.

    RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses showed that higher back muscle endurance at the age of 34 years could positively predict WB performance at 52 years and higher physical fitness at the age of 34 could positively predict LL performance at 52 years. Regarding cross-sectional relationships, an inability to perform the WB correctly was associated with lower physical fitness, flexibility and physical activity, and larger waist circumference. An inability to correctly perform the LL was associated with lower physical fitness. One-year prevalence of pain was not significantly associated with WB or LL test performance.

    CONCLUSION: An active life resulting in higher physical fitness is related to better spinal control in middle-aged men and women. This further strengthens the importance of physical activity throughout the life span.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

  • 7.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundell, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Jansson, Eva
    Westerståhl, Maria
    The Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort born in 1958 - dropout analysis and overview at 36-year follow-up2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 27, no 4, 418-429 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort study (SPAF-1958) was to describe physical fitness, physical activity, health, and lifestyle across part of the lifespan, and to assess the influences on these factors from the environment, personal factors, and genetics. There is inevitable dropout from longitudinal studies, and it may be systematic. The aim of this first paper of the second follow-up of SPAF-1958 was to provide a dropout analysis to consider to what extent the participants, at 52 years of age, remain a representative sample of the original adolescent study population. Additional aims were to provide an overview of the study protocol and the ongoing study population. Ongoing study participants in SPAF born in 1958 were, at the second follow-up at the age of 52, still representative of the study cohort in terms of sex, adolescent geographical area, upper secondary school program, adolescent body composition, muscular strength, and muscular endurance. However, a higher physical activity and, among women, a higher aerobic capacity in adolescence decreased the risk for dropout. It is important when interpreting results from longitudinal studies to adjust for the systematic dropout that could bias the conclusions drawn from the results.

  • 8.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Sport Sciences Center.
    Svartholm, Ivar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Sport Sciences Center.
    Injuries among weightlifters and powerlifters: a systematic review2017In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 51, no 4, 211-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting are two sports that expose the body to great forces. Injury characteristics have not been systematically reviewed for these two growing sports.

    Objective The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding various definitions of injuries used, injury localisation, the prevalence and incidence of injuries and the associated risk factors for injuries in weightlifting and powerlifting.

    Design Systematic review.

    Data sources Five databases, PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and Web of Science, were searched between 9 March and 6 April 2015.

    Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Studies assessing injury incidence and prevalence in Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting were included. The Quality assessment tool for observational cohort and cross-sectional studies was used to assess methodological quality.

    Results 9 studies were included in the review. Injury was defined fairly consistently across studies. Most studies were of low methodological quality. The spine, shoulder and the knee were the most common injury localisations in both sports. The injury incidence in weightlifting was 2.4–3.3 injuries/1000 hours of training and 1.0–4.4 injuries/1000 hours of training in powerlifting. Only one retrospective study had analysed possible risk factors.

    Summary/conclusions The risk of injury in both sports were similar to other non-contact sports also requiring strength/power, but low compared to contact sports. The severity of injuries differed in the included studies. Since little has been studied regarding possible risk factors to injuries, further research is therefore warranted to explain why athletes get injured and how to prevent injuries.

    Trial registration number PROSPERO CRD42015014805.

  • 9.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Westerståhl, Maria
    Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin avd för klinisk fysiologi Karolinska institutet .
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Jansson, Eva
    Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin avd för klinisk fysiologi Karolinska institutet .
    Hälsoresan till medelåldern2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 2, 4 p.40-43 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är viktigast för att få en god hälsa som vuxen? Sedan 1974 har vi följt samma personer från 16 års ålder in i medelåldern och studerat deras hälsa från flera olika synvinklar. Nu pågår den tredje mätomgången.

  • 10.
    Aasted, Evelina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Danielsson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Den laddade gymspegeln: - Unga styrketränande kvinnors förhållande till speglar på gymmet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Spegeln har en lång historia som en väsentlig del i rehabilitering och används med varierade syften inom olika fysioterapeutiska områden. Forskning har dock visat att träning i speglade miljöer kan ge en negativ påverkan på självkänslan. Det är därför av stor vikt för fysioterapeuter att vara medveten om och inventera speglarnas olika påverkan.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att utforska unga styrketränande kvinnors förhållande till speglar på gymmet och hur det påverkar deras kroppsuppfattning och självkänsla.

    Metod: Studien baseras på kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra unga kvinnor. Inkluderingskriterierna är var unga styrketränande kvinnor i åldrarna 20-25 år. Intervjuguiden som användes är var semistrukturerade och analysmetoden är var Grounded Theory.

    Resultat: Resultatet av analysen utmynnade i kärnkategorin ”Den laddade gymspegeln” och kategorier med tillhörande underkategorier. De kategorier som formulerades fram var: ”Speglad trygghet och motivation”, ”Reflekterad osäkerhet”, ”Den dömande gymspegeln”, ”Gymspegeln skapar bidrar till stressig gymmiljö”, ”Gymspegeln som förstärkare av krävande kroppsideal”. Som sista steg i analysen skapades en modell.

    Konklusion: Unga styrketränande kvinnor upplevdeer att det finns en såväl positiv som negativ laddning med speglar på gymmet. Det var viktigt med speglar ur teknik- och skadepreventionssyfte. Samtidigt bidrog den speglade miljön till ett jämförande och ökat dömande. Det är fördelaktigt för fysioterapeuter att vara medvetna om speglarnas påverkan på unga styrketränande kvinnors självkänsla och kroppsuppfattning. Mer forskning krävs inom området.

  • 11. Abramowicz, K
    et al.
    Häger, Charlotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Hébert-Losier, K
    Pini, A
    Schelin, L
    Strandberg, J
    Vantini, S
    Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture: Functional Data Analysis of Knee Motion2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Ahlgren, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Folkesson, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    The association between self-paced walking speed and cognitive function among very old people.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning:

    I Sverige förväntas medelåldern att stiga och den äldsta åldersgruppen förutspås växa sig allt större. Nedgång i fysisk funktion och kognitiv funktion är vanligt bland människor som är äldre. Nyligen genomförda tvärsnitts- och longitudinella studier visar att det finns ett samband mellan gång och kognition. Tyvärr är forskningen begränsad då den nästintill exkluderar mycket gamla människor.Syfte:

    Utforska sambandet mellan självvald gånghastighet och kognition hos mycket gamla människor. Det specifika syftet är att analysera sambandet vid baslinjen och vid 5 års uppföljning samt sambandet i förändringen hos mycket gamla människor. Metod:

    Deltagare undersökta i Umeå 85 + / Gerontologisk regional databas-studie (GERDA), med en ålder på 85 år eller äldre, bedömdes vid baslinjen och med 5 års uppföljning. Självvald gånghastighet mättes med 2,4 meters gångtest och individernas kognitiva funktion undersöktes med hjälp av Mini-Mental State Examination.Resultat:

    Medelåldern vid baslinjen var 89,76 (SD ± 4,82). Korrelation för förändringen i självvald gånghastighet och Mini-Mental State Examination mellan baslinjen och vid uppföljningen (n = 277), r = .251, p <.001, r2 värde .063. Konklusion:

    Det finns ett samband mellan självvald gånghastighet och kognitiv funktion bland de mycket gamla, både tvärsnitt och longitudinellt. Sambandet är starkt bland de som utvecklar demens.

  • 13.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Gadin, Katja Gillander
    Struggle for time to teach: Teachers' experiences of their work situation2011In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 40, no S1, S111-S118 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The objective of this study was to from a gender perspective, explore elementary school teacher' experiences of their work situation, and identify conditions that could be health risks. Participants: Eighteen female teachers who work in an elementary school in Northern Sweden. Method: Thematic interviews were conducted using an interview guide. The interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the transcribed text and interpretations were made within gender theory. Results: Four categories emerged: "Squeezed between dream and reality", "Effort to keep up with demands", "We can make it together" and "The school needs men's qualities". The categories were linked together with the theme "A struggle for time to teach". The theme describes the conflict between the teachers' ambitions to teach and create a stimulating learning environment versus the increased need for behaviour control that took time from classroom work. Beside work at the school, the teachers carried a large burden of domestic work. Conclusions: Teachers' work includes both endless demands and great joy. Their work is structured within the schools gender system in which caring duties are subordinated despite a growing demand for behaviour control. Traditional gender roles affect their domestic work load.

  • 14.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Malmgren Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gender analysis of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional exhaustion: interactive effects from physical and psychosocial work exposures and engagement in domestic work2012In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 55, no 2, 212-228 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between physical and psychosocial work exposures, engagement in domestic work and work-home imbalance in relation to symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional exhaustion in white- and blue-collar men and women. Three thousand employees from 21 companies were asked to answer a questionnaire on family structure, household and child care tasks, work exposure, work-home imbalance and symptoms of neck/shoulder disorders, low back disorders and emotional exhaustion. Women reported more musculoskeletal disorders and engagement in domestic work. Adverse at-work exposures were highest in blue-collar women. High engagement in domestic work was not separately associated with symptoms but paid work exposure factors were associated. High engagement in domestic work interacted with adverse work exposure and increased risk estimates for low back disorders and emotional exhaustion. Reported work-home imbalance was associated with neck/shoulder disorders in women and with emotional exhaustion in both women and men.

    Practitioner Summary. The current article adds to earlier research by showing that high engagement in domestic work is not separately associated with increased symptoms, but interacts with psychosocial work exposure variables to produce emotional exhaustion in both women and men and low back disorders in women.

  • 15.
    Alexandersson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Påverkas rehabiliteringen av att patienter som genomgår en total knäplastiksoperation opereras i blodtomt fält och i så  fall hur? .: Enrandomiserad kontrollerad studie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: År 2011genomfördes 12 048 primära totala knäartroplastiker (TKA) i Sverige. Av dessa opererades 90 96 iblodtomt fält (BTF) och10 96 i icke BTF. För att åstadkomma ett bladtomt fält används en blodtrycksmanschett pä låret, trycket kan variera mellan olika kliniker. Effekten av trycket mot hud, muskler, nerver och lodkärl kan orsaka neuromuskulära skador som kan leda tillpost-operativ svaghet i quadriceps.

    Syfte:Att se om rehabiliteringsresultatet päskyndades ochförbättrades av att patienterna inte opereradesiblodtomt fält.

    Metod: 37 patienter med knäartros randomiserades till cementerad TKA i blodtomt fält respektive icke blodtomt fält Aktiv knäflexion, smärta, svullnad, quadricepsfunktion och timed up and go (TUG) mättes före ochupp till tre månader post-operativt.

    Resultat: ANCOVA visade ingen effekt på knäflexion dag trepost-operativt mellan grupperna. Inte heller något av de övriga utfallsmåtten visade en signifikant skillnad post­ operativt. Gruppen med BTF hade tendens till mindre smärta dag tre post-operativt och det fanns ingen signifikant skillnad avseende extra morfinkonsumtion utöver ordinarie dos.

    Konklusion:Operation av TKAiblodtomt fält påverkade inte knäflexion men ytterligare studier med fler deltagare behövs för att säkert kunna säga om rehabiliteringen påverkas av operation i blodtomt fält.

  • 16. Alghadir, A. H.
    et al.
    Anwer, S.
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology. Rehabilitation Research Chair, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Al-Eisa, E. S.
    Effect of quadriceps and hamstrings muscle cooling on standing balance in healthy young men2017In: Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions - JMNI, ISSN 1108-7161, Vol. 17, no 3, 176-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The present study compared the effect of quadriceps and hamstring muscle cooling on standing balance in healthy young men.

    Methods: Thirty healthy young men (18-30 years) participated in the study. The participants were randomly assigned to three groups (n=10 each): quadriceps cooling (QC), hamstring cooling (HC), or control group (no cooling). Participants in the QC and HC groups received 20 minutes of cooling using a cold pack (gel pack), placed on the anterior thigh (from the apex of the patella to the mid-thigh) and the posterior thigh (from the base of the popliteal fossa to the mid-thigh), respectively. Balance score including unilateral stance was measured at baseline and immediately after the application of the cold pack.

    Results: No significant difference in the balance score was noted in any group after the application of the cold pack (p>0.05). Similarly, no significant differences in post-test balance score were noted among the three groups (p>0.05).

    Conclusions: Cooling of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles has no immediate effect on standing balance in healthy young men. However, longitudinal studies are warranted to investigate the long-term effects of cooling these muscles on standing balance.

  • 17. Alghadir, Ahmad
    et al.
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology. King Saud Univ, Coll Appl Med Sci, Rehabil Res Chair, POB 10219, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia.
    Iqbal, Zaheen A.
    Effect of upright and slouch sitting postures and voluntary teeth clenching on hand grip strength in young male adults2017In: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-8127, E-ISSN 1878-6324, Vol. 30, no 5, 961-965 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Estimation of handgrip strength (HGS) is routinely used by clinicians and epidemiologists for objective assessment of functional status of hand and upper extremity. It is also used as an indirect indicator of overall physical strength and health status in variety of clinical situations and chronic general medical conditions. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to examine the effects of upright and slouch sitting postures and voluntary teeth clenching on hand grip strength in healthy young male subjects. METHODS: One hundred healthy young males (aged 18-30 years) participated in this study. The HGS was measured using a commercially available dynamometer for the dominant hand. The HGS was measured during four test conditions; (a) slouch sitting without teeth contact, (b) slouch sitting with teeth clenching, (c) upright sitting without teeth contact, and (d) upright sitting with teeth clenching. RESULTS: The HGS values were significantly higher during slouch than upright sitting posture, both during similar and opposite teeth related conditions (p < 0.001). Teeth clenching had no effect on the in HGS values during slouch or upright sitting posture (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: As compared to upright sitting, higher HGS values can be obtained during slouch sitting in young healthy males. Teeth clenching does not affect the HGS values during slouch or upright sitting posture.

  • 18. Alghadir, Ahmad
    et al.
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology. King Saud Univ, Coll Appl Med Sci, Dept Rehabil Sci, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Iqbal, Zaheen Ahmed
    Anwer, Shahnawaz
    Physical therapy education in Saudi Arabia2015In: Journal of Physical Therapy Science, ISSN 0915-5287, Vol. 27, no 5, 1621-1623 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [Purpose] To review the physical therapy educational program model, professional curriculum, and gender representation at major universities, as well as the quality and scope of physical therapy practice in Saudi Arabia. [Methods] Information regarding course curriculum, gender representation, and the quality and scope of physical therapy practice was collected from six universities in Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Physical Therapy Association, and the Saudi Health Commission. [Results] The first bachelor's degree course of physical therapy was started in Saudi Arabia more than 30 years ago. In the last 10 years, the number of universities offering a bachelor's degree in physical therapy has risen from 6 to 16, of which 14 are governmental and two are private. The 5- to 6 year bachelor's degree program in physiotherapy includes an internship and preparatory prerequisite courses. Postgraduate study in physical therapy was introduced in 2000. Most universities offer segregated physical therapy courses for male and female students. [Conclusion] The enrollment of students in physical therapy programs in Saudi Arabia is gradually increasing. There are many opportunities to extend the scope of practice and contribute to the health needs of the Arab population and international communities.

  • 19. Alghadir, Ahmad
    et al.
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology. Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Iqbal, Zaheen
    Al-Eisa, Einas
    Effect of sitting postures and shoulder position on the cervicocephalic kinesthesia in healthy young males2016In: Somatosensory & motor research, ISSN 0899-0220, E-ISSN 1369-1651, Vol. 33, no 2, 93-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information about head orientation, position, and movement with respect to the trunk relies on the visual, vestibular, extensive muscular, and articular proprioceptive system of the neck. Various factors can affect proprioception since it is the function of afferent integration, and tuning of muscular and articular receptors. Pain, muscle fatigue, and joint position have been shown to affect proprioceptive capacity. Thus, it can be speculated that changes in body posture can alter the neck proprioception. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of body posture on cervicocephalic kinesthetic sense in healthy subjects. Cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility was measured by the kinesthetic sensibility test in healthy young adults while in (a) habitual slouched sitting position with arms hanging by the side (SS), (b) habitual slouched sitting position with arms unloaded (supported) (SS-AS), and (c) upright sitting position with arms hanging by the side (US) during maximum and 30 degree right, left rotations, flexion, and extension. Thirty healthy male adults (mean age 27.83; SD 3.41) volunteered for this study. The least mean error was found for the SS-AS position (0.48; SD 0.24), followed by SS (0.60; SD 0.43) and US (0.96; SD 0.71), respectively. For all test conditions, there was significant difference in mean absolute error while head repositioning from maximum and 30 degree rotation during SS and SS-AS positions (p<0.05). In conclusion, body posture can affect the proprioception function of the neck. Supporting the upper extremities in such a way that their weight is unloaded, which leads to reduction in the tension between the neck and shoulder girdle, can improve cervicocephalic kinesthetic sense in both the horizontal and vertical planes. The findings of this study can be implemented in people who have to do repeated arm and neck movements, by using ergonomically effective chairs with proper arm supports. This might help in prevention and treatment of neck pain.

  • 20.
    Alkhed, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Har konditionsträning positiv effekt på hjärntrötthet, kognitiva förmågor och dynamisk balans under gång hos personer med förvärvad hjänskada?: En Single-Subject Experimental Design studie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: People with acquired brain injury often have problems with fatigue, cognition and dynamic balance during walking. The aim of this study was to evaluate if aerobic exercise had positive effects on fatigue, cognition and dynamic balance during walking for persons with acquired brain injury

     

    Method: Single subject experimental design, A-B-design was used. The three participants were between 18-70 years, have had the injury for at least two years, had participated in a group rehabilitation program and had at least 4 on the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). They cycled 30 minutes, twice a week during twelve weeks on 70-80 % of maximum heart rate. The intervention consisted of warm-up and four intervals with recovery in-between. The exertion level had to be between 12 and 15 on the Rating of Percieved Exertion-scale. Other outcome measures that were used were FSS, Flanker, N-back, Stroop test and Dynamic Gait Index (DGI). Descriptive statistics, visual analysis and 2SD method were used.

     

    Results: The cognition improved for all three participants. The results showed no improvement in DGI but in FSS for one participant.

     

    Conclusion: Aerobic exercise could be used in the physical and cognitive rehabilitation for patients with acquired brain injury but seemingly has no positive effects on fatigue or dynamic balance during walking.

  • 21.
    Allo, Heba
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Paju, Victor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Styrketränande unga män: - en strävan mot respekterad manlighet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Styrketräningen är mer än enbart det fysiska utförandet eftersom sociala normer har en inverkan på unga styrketränande mäns förhållningssätt till sin kropp. Det finns en idealbild av manlighet på gym som fysioterapeuter bör vara medvetna om.

    Syfte: Syftet är att utifrån ett maskulinitetsperspektiv undersöka vilken inställning unga styrketränande män mellan tonår och ung vuxenhet har till kropp och styrketräning.

    Metod: Studien baseras på kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra styrketränande unga män och en nyckelperson. Intervjuguiderna som används är semistrukturerade och analysmetoden Grounded Theory.

    Resultat: De kategorier som framkommer vid dataanalysen formar gemensamt kärnkategorin ”Upprätthålla respekterad manlighet genom styrketräning”. De fem kategorier som samlar underkategorierna är: Den obrydda mannen, Den odödliga mannen, Den presterande mannen, Den muskulösa mannen och Den sårbara mannen.

    Konklusion: Styrketräning handlar inte enbart om styrka och utseende utan även om manlighet, respekt och värdighet. Styrketräning kan väljas för dess stämpel som manlig aktivitet – således finns en djupare innebörd med styrketräningen. Det kan vara viktig att känna till för fysioterapeuter som möter unga styrketränande män i rehabiliteringssammanhang. Området är outforskat inom fysioterapi. Mer forskning fordras därför för att öka förståelsen om unga styrketränande män i dagens samhälle.

  • 22.
    Almlöf, Andreas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Haffling Carlsson, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Svenska elitidrottares studie- och privatlivssituation - Relaterat till stress och skador2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion:Ett fåtal idrottare kommer kunna livnära sig till följd av sitt idrottande under resten av livet, därför måste de ta beaktning till deras post-idrottsliga karriär vilket ofta resulterar i behovet av en akademisk utbildning. Ett uppmärksammat problem är hur de ska prioritera idrott, studier och privatliv på ett effektivt sätt. Detta är en påfrestande livssituation och kan ligga till grund för stress och skador hos individerna.

    Syfte:Syftet med studien var att kartlägga svenska elitidrottares studie- och privatlivssituation och relatera till stress och skador.

    Metod:Studiepopulationen bestod av 139 elitidrottare som är potentiella och aktuella landslagsidrottare som studerar på akademisk nivå på ett lärosäte i Sverige som erbjuder studieanpassning. Data samlades in genom en webbenkät som innehöll frågor som upplevd återhämtning och priatlivssituation och även generella frågor om studier och elitidrottande, samt frågeformuläret “The athlete burnout questionnaire”.

    Resultat:Det huvudsakliga resultatet var att majoriteten (71,9%) av deltagarna nådde upp till gränsen för medelhöga respektive höga symptom för idrottslig utbrändhet samt att majoriteten ofrivilligt tvingats avstå från ordinarie träning till följd av skada och/eller sjukdom det senaste året. Den självupplevda stressnivån var även signifikant associerad med låg nivå av upplevd privatlivssituation och låg nivå av upplevd återhämtning.

    Konklusion:Det finns en brist i forskningen som inkluderar alla de huvudområden vi undersöker: elitidrott, akademiska studier och privatliv. Något som bör fokuseras på i kommande undersökningar är kombinationen av anpassad studietakt och möjligheten till CSN då det inte undersöks så ingående i denna studie. 

  • 23.
    Alt Murphy, Margit
    et al.
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Rehabilitation Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Häger, Charlotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Kinematic analysis of the upper extremity after stroke: how far have we reached and what have we grasped?2015In: Physical Therapy Reviews, ISSN 1083-3196, E-ISSN 1743-288X, Vol. 20, no 3, 137-155 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Consequences of stroke frequently comprise reduced movement ability of the upper extremity (UE) and subsequent long-term disability. Clinical scales are used to monitor and evaluate rehabilitation but are often insufficient, while technological advances in 3D motion capture provide detailed kinematics to more objectively quantify and interpret movement deficits. Objectives: To provide a comprehensive overview of research using kinematic movement analysis of the UE in individuals post-stroke with focus on objectives, methodology and findings while highlighting clinical implications and future directions. Major Findings: A literature search yielded 93 studies categorised into four groups: comparative (healthy, stroke, task condition), intervention (clinical trials), methodological and longitudinal. The majority of studies used optoelectronic systems, investigated discrete reaching and involved mainly individuals with moderate or mild stroke impairment in chronic stage. About 80% of the studies were published after year 2004. Speed-related variables were most frequently addressed followed by smoothness indicators, joint angles and trunk displacement. Movements in the hemiparetic side are generally slower, less smooth and show a compensatory movement pattern. Task specificity is crucial for kinematic outcomes. Tables summarising the main characteristics, objectives and results of all included studies are provided. Conclusions: There is still a lack of studies addressing reliability and responsiveness and involving more complex, everyday UE tasks with ecological validity. To facilitate the use of UE kinematic movement analysis in clinics, a research-based simpler data handling with pre-defined output for the results, as commonly used in gait analysis, is warranted.

  • 24.
    Andersdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Asplund, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Hur påverkas armpendling av gånghastigheten?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Kunskap om armpendling vid gång i olika hastigheter kan innebära en möjlighet att skilja på förändrade gångmönster orsakade av hastighet eller av underliggande patologi. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur Range Of Motion (ROM)-, Gait Variable Score (GVS)- och Arm Posture Score6 (APS6)-värden påverkas vid gång och att jämföra dessa variabler mellan två olika hastigheter, självvald och långsam gång, samt mellan dominant och ickedominant arm.

    METOD: I denna studie, som ingår i en större, deltog 42 personer utan muskuloskelettala problem. Alla 42 gick i självvald hastighet och 28 av dessa gick även i långsam gånghastighet. Deltagarnas gång registrerades av optoelektroniska 3D-kameror. Som utfallsmått användes ROM, GVS och APS6.

    RESULTAT: Resultatet visade en signifikant skillnad för ROM vid alla rörelser förutom vid axelrotation vid jämförelse mellan hastigheterna. Signifikant skillnad sågs i GVS i armbågsflexion/extension i jämförelse mellan hastigheterna. APS6 visade inga signifikanta skillnader.

    SLUTSATS: Vid kvantifiering av armpendling för att jämföra två olika hastigheter kan vi i denna studie konstatera att, förutom vid axelrotation, ROM fick en signifikant ökning vid den självvalda hastigheten. När GVS användes för att jämföra hastigheterna påträffades signifikant skillnad i armbågsflexion/extension. För APS6 sågs ingen signifikant skillnad. För att ytterligare utvärdera avvikelsemåtten behövs fler studier på olika patientgrupper.

    Examensarbete

    15 hp

  • 25.
    Andersson, Adam
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Heiwall, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Effect of High and Low Load Motor Control Exercises on Alignment and Posture, and Disc Height in Patients with Persistent Low Back Pain2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lie, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Fysisk aktivitet under gravidietet: Barnmorskors arbete med att informera och motivera gravida kring fysisk aktivitet - en intervjustudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Fysisk aktivitet under graviditet är förknippat med ett antal hälsovinster för

    den gravida kvinnan. Rekommendationenerna för gravida är de samma som för friska vuxna men trots detta minskar många gravida sin aktivitetsnivå. Barnmorskor har en viktigt roll i att informera och motivera gravida kvinnor till fysisk aktivitet.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att utforska barnmorskors tankar och erfarenheter av att ge information till gravida om träning och fysisk aktivitet.

    Metod: I denna studie användes halvstrukturerade intervjuer som analyserades med Kvalitativ innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim och Lundman. Sex barnmorskor från olika hälsocentraler i Umeå med omnejd intervjuades. I genomsnitt hade barnmorskorna arbetat i 28 år.

    Resultat: Analysen av intervjuerna utmynnade i fyra kategorier, Trygga iatt ge rekommendationer, Hinder för fysisk  aktivitet, Motivation och Samarbete - en utvecklingsmöjlighet. Resultatet visade på stora likheter i kunskaper och arbetssätt hos barnmorskorna gällande fysisk aktivitet under graviditet. Samtliga barnmorskor informerar om och rekommenderar fysisk aktivitet under graviditeten. Att motivera inaktiva till att öka sin aktivitetsnivå ansågs vara den största svårigheten i arbetet med dessa frågor. I dagsläget saknas samarbete mellan barnmorskor och fysioterapeuter angående fysisk aktivitet under graviditet.

    Slutsats: Ett välfungerande samarbete mellan fysioterapeut och barnmorska skulle kunna leda till ökat välmående och minska risken för komplikationer hos gravida kvinnor. Gravida kvinnor bör erbjudas FaR samt subventionerad gruppträning

  • 27.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Hur fysioterapeuten i primärvården förstår och behandlar ländryggsmärta: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    Syfte

    Att utveckla en djupare förståelse för hur fysioterapeuten i primärvården förstår och behandlar ländryggsmärta

     

    Metod

    Tio fysioterapeuter i primärvården intervjuades med semistrukturerade intervjuer.  Ljudinspelningar utfördes vilka sedan transkriberades och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Innehållet kodades och kategoriserades. Tre subteman framträdde.

     

    Resultat

    Två av subtemana förklarar hur fysioterapeuterna förstod ländryggsmärta genom ”att skaffa sig en bild av problemet” eller ”att förklara problemets orsak”. Det tredje subtemat ”Att förändra” beskriver hur problemet behandlades genom att försöka få patienter att göra förändringar. Förändringarna rörde oftast olika aspekter av fysisk aktivitet. Fokus i förändringsarbetet kunde vara innehållet i förändringarna eller att förändringarna blev av och vidmakthölls.

     

    Slutsatser

    Såväl biomedicinska som psycososiala och biopsykosociala perspektiv på ländryggsmärta förekom bland fysioterapeuterna. Det kan finnas ett behov av åtgärder som syftar till att föra in betéendemedicinska metoder och tankegångar bland de fysioterapeuter som har en tydligt biomekanisk orientering i relation till ländryggsmärta. Att systematiskt använda sig av kraften i den goda relationen i förändringsarbetet var en metod som förekom och som kan vara effektiv men behöver utvecklas genom att också förhålla sig till patientens upplevelse av vad som är en god relation.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Mari
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Granström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Utvärdering av mobilapplikation för steptest i hemmet för patienter med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom, KOL2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: KOL förutspås år 2030 vara den tredje vanligaste dödsorsaken i världen. Rehabilitering har konstaterats bristfällig för patientgruppen. Det finns några utvärderingsinstrument för den fysiska förmågan men inget som är lämpligt för hemmiljö.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte var att testa en nyutvecklad mobilapplikation för ett steptest. Användarvänlighet och genomförbarhet hos steptestet utvärderades.

    Metod: Testet utfördes i hemmet av patienter med KOL via en smartphone och pulsoximeter. Data i form av pulsfrekvens, saturation och subjektiv skattning av dyspné lagrades. Deltagarna utvärderade användarbarheten i en enkät som författarna formulerat.

    Resultat: Tre patienter fullföljde studien. Mobilapplikationen visade sig vara svår att använda för de utan tidigare smartphone-vana. Mobilapplikationen hade brister i datalagringen då felaktig data registrerades. Detta gjorde bearbetningen tidskrävande och osäker. Takten 26 steg/min visade sig vara alltför hög för att den planerade tre minuters testperioden skulle vara genomförbar. Samtliga utförde istället steptestet under en minut.

    Slutsats: Förändringar är nödvändiga för att mobilapplikationen ska vara användarvänlig för både testpersonerna samt de som bearbetar datamaterialet. Föreslagna förändringar är förbättrad och tidsstämplad datainsamling, samt mindre justeringar i mobilapplikationens utformning. Testdeltagare med tidigare vana av smartphone samt testdeltagare som inte upplevde problem med testutrustningen var positiva till mobilapplikationen.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Terese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Professional guidance and coaching: a worksite intervention to increase physical activity för shift workers at a local post office2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Andersson, Tobias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Andersson, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Akuta effekter av boxningsträning på motorisk funktion vid cerebral pares: En pilotstudie med ett nyutvecklat portabelt rörelseanalyssystem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: De vanligaste symtomen vid Cerebral Pares (CP) är muskelsvaghet, spasticitet och nedsatt koordination som tillsammans leder till nedsatt motorisk funktion. Styrketräning har i tidigare studier visat på ökad styrka men trots det haft begränsad effekt på motorisk funktion. Personer med CP har uttryckt att de upplevt en förbättrad rörelseförmåga efter boxningsträning.

    Syfte: Syftet med pilotstudien är undersöka om boxningsträning ger akuta effekter på motorisk funktion hos personer med cerebral pares.

    Metod: Under två tillfällen utförde en person tester som avsåg att utvärdera motorisk funktion. Under det andra testtillfället genomfördes ett boxningspass. Testerna som genomfördes riktade sig till spasticitet, koordination, förmåga att utföra explosiva rörelser samt maximal styrka. För att utvärdera rörelsekvalité och muskelaktivitet användes rörelseanalyssystemet AnyMo och elektromyografi. För att bedöma spasticitet användes VAS- och Ashworthskalan.

    Resultat: Testerna visade ingen entydig effekt på spasticitet dock visade bedömningen av Ashworthtestet en minskning efter boxning. Efter boxning sågs även en ökad muskulär aktivering samt en ökad vinkelhastighet vid utförandet av snabba växlande rörelser. Rörelsehastigheten förbättrades däremot inte vid isolerad sträckning av armen eller vid utförande av vardagliga rörelser.

    Slutsats: Boxningsträningen tycktes ge akuta effekter i form av ökad muskelaktivering vid snabbare rörelse samt ökad vinkelhastighet vid rörelser liknande de som utförs i boxningen. Dessa effekter styrker forskningspersonens upplevda förbättring. Däremot sågs ingen förbättring på vardagliga rörelser. Vad gäller graden av spasticitet sågs tendenser till en minskning efter boxning, dock visades detta bara i Ashworthtestet.

  • 31.
    Anens, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Kristensen, Bo
    Häger-Ross, Charlotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology.
    Reactive grip force control in persons with cerebellar stroke: effects on ipsilateral and contralateral hand2010In: Experimental Brain Research, ISSN 0014-4819, E-ISSN 1432-1106, Vol. 203, no 1, 21-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the cerebellar contribution to reactive grip control by examining differences between (22-48 years) subjects with focal cerebellar lesion due to ischaemic stroke (CL) and healthy subjects (HS). The subjects used a pinch grip to grasp and restrain an instrumented handle from moving when it was subject to unpredictable load forces of different rates (2, 4, 8, 32 N/s) or amplitudes (1, 2, 4 N). The hand ipsilateral to the lesion of the cerebellar subjects showed delayed and more variable response latencies, e.g., 278 +/- 162 ms for loads delivered at 2 N/s, compared to HS 180 +/- 53 ms (P = 0.005). The CL also used a higher pre-load grip force with the ipsilateral hand, 1.6 +/- 0.8 N, than the HS, 1.3 +/- 0.6 N (P = 0.017). In addition, the contralateral hand in subjects with unilateral cerebellar stroke showed a delayed onset of the grip response compared to HS. Cerebellar lesions thus impair the reactive grip control both in the ipsilateral and contralateral hand.

  • 32. Anwer, Shahnawaz
    et al.
    Alghadir, Ahmad
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology. Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Al-Eisa, Einas
    Effect of whole body vibration training on quadriceps muscle strength in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis2016In: Physiotherapy, ISSN 0031-9406, E-ISSN 1873-1465, Vol. 102, no 2, 145-151 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Several studies have reported the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) training on muscle strength. This systematic review investigates the current evidence regarding the effects of WBV training on quadriceps muscle strength in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Data sources We searched PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, PEDro, and Science citation index for research articles published prior to March 2015 using the keywords whole body vibration, vibration training, strength and vibratory exercise in combination with the Medical Subject Heading 'Osteoarthritis knee'. Study selection This meta-analysis was limited to randomized controlled trials published in the English language. Data extraction The quality of the selected studies was assessed by two independent evaluators using the PEDro scale and criteria given by the International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions (ISMNI) for reporting WBV intervention studies. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane collaboration's tool for domain-based evaluation. Isokinetic quadriceps muscle strength was calculated for each intervention. Results Eighteen studies were identified in the search. Of these, four studies met the inclusion criteria. Three of these four studies reached high methodological quality on the PEDro scale. Out of the four studies, only one study found significantly greater quadriceps muscle strength gains following WBV compared to the control group. Conclusions In three of the four studies that compared a control group performing the same exercise as the WBV groups, no additional effect of WBV on quadriceps muscle strength in individuals with knee OA was indicated.

  • 33.
    Arnadottir, Solveig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Physical activity, participation and self-rated health among older community-dwelling Icelanders: a population-based study2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The main objective of this study was to investigate older people’s physical activity, their participation in various life situations, and their perceptions of their own health. This included an exploration of potential influences of urban versus rural residency on these outcomes, an evaluation of the measurement properties of a balance confidence scale, and an examination of the proposed usefulness of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a conceptual framework to facilitate analysis and understanding of selected outcomes.

    Methods: The study design was cross-sectional, population-based, with random selection from the national register of one urban and two rural municipalities in Northern Iceland. There were 186 participants, all community-dwelling, aged 65 to 88 years (mean = 73.8), and 48% of the group were women. The participation rate was 79%. Data was collected in 2004, in face-to-face interviews and through various standardized assessments. The main outcomes were total physical activity; leisure-time, household, and work-related physical activity; participation frequency and perceived participation restrictions; and self-rated health. Other assessments represented aspects of the ICF body functions, activities, environmental factors and personal factors. Moreover, Rasch analysis methods were applied to examine and modify the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale and the ICF used as a conceptual framework throughout the study.

    Results: The total physical activity score was the same for urban and rural people and the largest proportion of the total physical activity behavior was derived from the household domain. Rural females received the highest scores of all in household physical activity and rural males were more physically active than the others in the work-related domain. However, leisure-time physical activity was more common in urban than rural communities. A physically active lifestyle, urban living, a higher level of cognition, younger age, and fewer depressive symptoms were all associated with more frequent participation. Rural living and depressive symptoms were associated with perceived participation restrictions. Moreover, perceived participation restrictions were associated with not being employed and limitations in advanced lower extremity capacity. Both fewer depressive symptoms and advanced lower extremity capacity also increased the likelihood of better self-rated health, as did capacity in upper extremities, older age, and household physical activity. Rasch rating scale analysis indicated a need to modify the ABC to improve its psychometric properties. The modified ABC was then used to measure balance confidence which, however, was found not to play a major role in explaining participation or self-rated health. Finally, the ICF was useful as a conceptual framework for mapping various components of functioning and health and to facilitate analyses of their relationships.

    Conclusions: The results highlighted the commonalities and differences in factors associated with participation frequency, perceived participation restrictions, and self-rated health in old age. Some of these factors, such as advanced lower extremity capacity, depressive symptoms, and physical activity pattern should be of particular interest for geriatric physical therapy due to their potential for interventions. While the associations between depressive symptoms, participation, and self-rated health are well known, research is needed on the effects of advanced lower extremity capacity on participation and self-rated health in old age. The environment (urban versus rural) also presented itself as an important contextual variable to be aware of when working with older people’s participation and physically active life-style. Greater emphasis should be placed on using Rasch measurement methods for improving the availability of quality scientific measures to evaluate various aspects of functioning and health among older adults. Finally, a coordinated implementation of a conceptual framework such as ICF may further advance interdisciplinary and international studies on aging, functioning, and health.

  • 34.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Are rural older Icelanders less physically active than those living in urban areas?: a population-based study2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 37, no 4, 409-417 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Older people in rural areas have been labelled as physically inactive on the basis of leisure-time physical activity research. However, more research is needed to understand the total physical activity pattern in older adults, considering all domains of physical activity, including leisure, work, and domestic life. AIMS: We hypothesised that: (a) total physical activity would be the same for older people in urban and rural areas; and (b) urban and rural residency, along with gender and age, would be associated with differences in domain-specific physical activities. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in Icelandic rural and urban communities from June through to September 2004. Participants were randomly selected, community-dwelling, 65-88 years old, and comprised 68 rural (40% females) and 118 urban (53% females) adults. The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) was used to obtain a total physical activity score and subscores in leisure, during domestic life, and at work. RESULTS: The total PASE score was not associated with rural vs. urban residency, but males were, in total, more physically active than females, and the 65-74-year-olds were more active than the 75-88-year-olds. In the leisure domain, rural people had lower physical activity scores than urban people. Rural males were, however, most likely of all to be physically active in the work domain. In both urban and rural areas, the majority of the physical activity behaviour occurred in relation to housework, with the rural females receiving the highest scores. CONCLUSIONS: Older Icelanders in rural areas should not be labelled as less physically active than those who live in urban areas. Urban vs. rural living may, however, influence the physical activity patterns among older people, even within a fairly socioeconomically and culturally homogeneous country such as Iceland. This reinforces the need to pay closer attention to the living environment when studying and developing strategies to promote physical activity.

  • 35.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. School of Health Sciences, University of Akureyri, Iceland .
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Determinants of self-rated health in old age: a population-based, cross-sectional study using the international classification of functioning2011In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 11, 670- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-rated health (SRH) is a widely used indicator of general health and multiple studies have supported the predictive validity of SRH in older populations concerning future health, functional decline, disability, and mortality. The aim of this study was to use the theoretical framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to create a better understanding of factors associated with SRH among community-dwelling older people in urban and rural areas.

    Methods: The study design was population-based and cross-sectional. Participants were 185 Icelanders, randomly selected from a national registry, community-dwelling, 65-88 years old, 63% urban residents, and 52% men. Participants were asked: "In general, would you say your health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?" Associations with SRH were analyzed with ordinal logistic regression. Explanatory variables represented aspects of body functions, activities, participation, environmental factors and personal factors components of the ICF.

    Results: Univariate analysis revealed that SRH was significantly associated with all analyzed ICF components through 16 out of 18 explanatory variables. Multivariate analysis, however, demonstrated that SRH had an independent association with five variables representing ICF body functions, activities, and personal factors components: The likelihood of a better SRH increased with advanced lower extremity capacity (adjusted odds ratio [adjOR] = 1.05, < 0.001), upper extremity capacity (adjOR = 1.13, = 0.040), household physical activity (adjOR = 1.01, = 0.016), and older age (adjOR = 1.09, = 0.006); but decreased with more depressive symptoms (adjOR = 0.79, < 0.001).

    Conclusions: The results highlight a collection of ICF body functions, activities and personal factors associated with higher SRH among community-dwelling older people. Some of these, such as physical capacity, depressive symptoms, and habitual physical activity are of particular interest due to their potential for change through public health interventions. The use of ICF conceptual framework and widely accepted standardized assessments should make these results comparable and relevant in an international context.

  • 36.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Participation frequency and perceived participation restrictions at older age: applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework2011In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, no 23-24, 2208-2216 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To identify variables from different components of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) associated with older people's participation frequency and perceived participation restrictions. Method: Participants (N = 186) were community-living, 65-88 years old and 52% men. The dependent variables, participation frequency (linear regression) and perceived participation restrictions (logistic regression), were measured using The Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument. Independent variables were selected from various ICF components. Results: Higher participation frequency was associated with living in urban rather than rural community (beta = 2.8, p < 0.001), physically active lifestyle (beta = 4.6, p < 0.001) and higher cognitive function (beta = 0.3, p = 0.009). Lower participation frequency was associated with being older (beta = -0.2, p = 0.002) and depressive symptoms (beta = -0.2, p = 0.029). Older adults living in urban areas, having more advanced lower extremities capacity, or that were employed had higher odds of less perceived participation restrictions (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 5.5, p = 0.001; OR = 1.09, p < 0.001; OR = 3.7, p = 0.011; respectively). In contrast, the odds of less perceived participation restriction decreased as depressive symptoms increased (OR = 0.8, p = 0.011). Conclusions: Our results highlight the importance of capturing and understanding both frequency and restriction aspects of older persons' participation. ICF may be a helpful reference to map factors associated with participation and to study further potentially modifiable influencing factors such as depressive symptoms and advanced lower extremity capacity.

  • 37.
    Arnadottir, Solveig A
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Gunnarsdottir, Elin D
    Fisher, Anne G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Application of rasch analysis to examine psychometric aspects of the activities-specific balance confidence scale when used in a new cultural context2010In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0003-9993, E-ISSN 1532-821X, Vol. 91, no 1, 156-163 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Arnadottir SA, Lundin-Olsson L, Gunnarsdottir ED, Fisher AG. Application of Rasch analysis to examine psychometric aspects of the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale when used in a new cultural context. OBJECTIVE: To investigate by using Rasch analysis the psychometric properties of the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale when applied in a new Icelandic context. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based, random selection from the Icelandic National Registry. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: Icelanders (N=183), 65 to 88 years old, and 48% women. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: ABC, an instrument used to evaluate how confident older people are in maintaining balance and remaining steady when moving through the environment. An Icelandic translation of the ABC (ABC-ICE) scale was evaluated by implementing Rasch rating scale analysis to transform ordinal ABC-ICE scores into interval measures and evaluating aspects of validity and reliability of the scale. RESULTS: Participants were not able to differentiate reliably between the 11 rating scale categories of the ABC-ICE. Additionally, 3 items failed to show acceptable goodness of fit to the ABC-ICE rating scale model. By collapsing categories and creating a new 5-category scale, only 1 item misfit. Removing that item resulted in a modified version of ABC-ICE with 5 categories and 15 items. Both item goodness-of-fit statistics and principal components analysis supported unidimensionality of the modified ABC-ICE. The ABC-ICE measures reliably separated the sample into at least 4 statistically distinct strata of balance confidence. Finally, the hierarchical order of item difficulties was consistent with theoretic expectations, and the items were reasonably well targeted to the balance confidence of the persons tested. CONCLUSIONS: Rasch analysis indicated a need to modify the ABC-ICE to improve its psychometric properties. Further studies are needed to determine if similar analyses of other versions of the ABC, including the original one, will yield similar results.

  • 38.
    Arnadottir, Solveig
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Gunnarsdottir, E
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Self-rated health: a valid outcome in geriatric physical therapy?Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Aspdahl, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Comparison of joint status with ultrasound and physical examination in children with hemophilia A2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Hemophilia A is a bleeding disorder that can cause chronic artropathy, when not treated optimally. To detect early signs of hemophilic artropathy patients with moderate or severe hemophilia undergo yearly examinations by a physiotherapist defining the joint status by a scoring system, “HJHS”. A new ultrasound-based scoring system, HEAD-US, has been developed to evaluate joint disease progression and treatment results. The aim of this study is to evaluate if there is a correlation between HJHS 2.1 and HEAD-US in children with hemophilia A. Furthermore, to evaluate if there is a correlation between physical activity and hemophilic artropathy and finally to asses if there are any differences in artropathy between sub-groups within the study group.

    Methods: A prospective study where all patients between ages 3 to 18 years with moderate or severe hemophilia followed at the Karolinska University Hospital 2015-2016 were asked to participate. Patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire regarding physical activity and joint bleeds and clinical data were retrospectively collected from the patients’ medical records. Joints were evaluated by the author according to HJHS and HEAD-US.

    Results: There was a significant correlation between the total-, elbow-, knee- and ankle scores for HJHS and HEAD-US scores. There was a statistically significant correlation between annual bleeding rate and total scores for HJHS and HEAD-US. No statistically significant correlation was seen between the total score of HJHS or HEAD-US and the level of physical activity.

    Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the total score and individual joint scores with HEAD-US correlate well with the current method HJHS 2.1 in children with hemophilia A. 

  • 40.
    Awad, Amar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology.
    Levi, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine.
    Lindgren, Lenita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI).
    Hultling, Claes
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (Neurorehabilitation), Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westling, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI).
    Preserved somatosensory conduction in a patient with complete cervical spinal cord injury2015In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, Vol. 47, no 5, 426-431 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Neurophysiological investigation has shown that patients with clinically complete spinal cord injury can have residual motor sparing ("motor discomplete"). In the current study somatosensory conduction was assessed in a patient with clinically complete spinal cord injury and a novel ethodology for assessing such preservation is described, in this case indicating "sensory discomplete" spinal cord injury. Methods: Blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD fMRI) was used to examine the somatosensory system in a healthy subject and in a subject with a clinically complete cervical spinal cord injury, by applying tactile stimulation above and below the level of spinal cord injury, with and without visual feedback. Results: In the participant with spinal cord injury, somatosensory stimulation below the neurological level of the lesion gave rise to BOLD signal changes in the corresponding areas of the somatosensory cortex. Visual feedback of the stimulation strongly modulated the somatosensory BOLD signal, implying that cortico-cortical rather than spino-cortical connections can drive activity in the somatosensory cortex. Critically, BOLD signal change was also evident when the visual feedback of the stimulation was removed, thus demonstrating sensory discomplete spinal cord injury. Conclusion: Given the existence of sensory discomplete spinal cord injury, preserved but hitherto undetected somatosensory conduction might contribute to the unexplained variability related to, for example, the propensity to develop decubitus ulcers and neuropathic pain among patients with clinically complete spinal cord injury.

  • 41.
    Axelryd, Gustaf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Zeising, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Samband mellan felställningar i fot, knä och höft och patellofemoralt smärtsyndrom: En systematisk litteraturgranskning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Patellofemoralt smärtsyndrom (PFPS) är en diagnos som avser smärta i främre delen av knät och i patellofemoralleden. Överbelastning, onormal patellarörlighet, onormal Q-vinkeln, muskelsvaghet, muskelstramhet, muskelobalans och felställningar har föreslagits som riskfaktorer till PFPS. Trots att flera studier har undersökt sambandet mellan felställningar och PFPS är sambandet fortfarande oklart.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie var att undersöka statiska felställningar i fot, knä och höft som kan ha ett samband med PFPS.

    Metod: En litteratursökning genomfördes i september 2013 i databaserna, Pubmed (med Medline), CINAHL (med fulltext), SPORTDiscus, Academic Search Elite, Web of Science, Scopus och Pedro.  Efter granskning av ingående artiklar användes GRADE för att bedöma den sammanvägda evidensen av de enskilda utfallsmåtten.

    Resultat: Fjorton artiklar inkluderades i granskningen. Studierna hade undersökt 16 olika utfallsmått. Navicular drop, vinkel Calcaneus – lodlinjen, navicular drift, pes planus, vinkel calcaneus-tibia, foot posture index, lateral distal femur angel och medial proximal tibia angel bedömdes med hjälp av GRADE. Den sammanlagda evidensen enligt GRADE ansågs vara låg, och visade på ”otillräckligt vetenskapligt stöd” för ett samband mellan statiska felställningar i fot, knä och höft och PFPS.

    Slutsats: Det behövs fler studier med högre kvalitet för att utreda samband mellan statiska felställningar och PFPS. 

  • 42.
    Axelsson, Helena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Ridderström, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Is Pilates more effective than a Motor Control Exercise program when treating chronic low back pain: A randomised Control Trial2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Balnožan, Stevan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Isgren, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Samband mellan träningsbelastning vid högintensiva cykelintervaller och styrkekapacitet hos yngre, friska och tränade individer: En pilotstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Under senare år har olika former av mycket högintensiv intervallträning givits ett ökat intresse. Denna träningsmetod har potential att vara användbar av många. Problematiken idag är att det inte finns någon kliniskt användbar metod för att styra/reglera träningsintensiteten på ett säkert sätt. 

    Syfte: Att undersöka om tester av styrkeprestation vid 30s Chair Stand Test och Isometriskt marklyft kan användas som mått för att reglera intensitet vid högintensiva intervaller.

    Metod: 12 försökspersoner mellan åldrarna 20-30år (6 kvinnor, 6 män)[BR1]  genomförde Borg Cycle Strenght [BR2] Test för att estimera maximal anaerob effekt (Watt) för 30 sekunders cykelarbete (MAnP, Maximal Anaerobic Power). Därutöver genomfördes två styrketester: Isometriskt marklyft och 30s Chair Stand Test. Sambandet mellan kapaciteten i styrketesterna och MAnP analyserades med Pearson`s[BR3]  korrelationstest.

    Resultat: Signifikant korrelation fanns i båda styrketesten i relation till Cycle Strenght Test, (p<0.01, r=0,77 för 30s Chair Stand Test och p<0.05, r=0,61 för det isometriska marklyftet).

    Konklusion: I den här pilotstudien visar resultatet att det finns ett samband mellan prestationsförmågan vid Marklyft respektive 30s Chair Stand Test och maximal prestationsförmåga vid cykling under 30 sekunder hos unga individer. 30s Chair Stand Test visar sig vara ett mer lämpat styrketest än det isometriska marklyftet för att kunna styra träningsintensiteten vid supramaximala 30 sekunders intervaller. Testmetodiken kan vara möjlig för att kunna styra träningsintensiteten. Vidare studier krävs för användning i klinisk miljö exempelvis bland äldre.

  • 44. Barreto, Philipe de Souto
    et al.
    Morley, John E.
    Chodzko-Zajko, Wojtek
    Pitkala, Kaisu H.
    Weening-Djiksterhuis, Elizabeth
    Rodriguez-Manas, Leocadio
    Barbagallo, Mario
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Sinclair, Alan
    Landi, Francesco
    Izquierdo, Mikel
    Vellas, Bruno
    Rolland, Yves
    Recommendations on Physical Activity and Exercise for Older Adults Living in Long-Term Care Facilities: A Taskforce Report2016In: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, ISSN 1525-8610, E-ISSN 1538-9375, Vol. 17, no 5, 381-392 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A taskforce, under the auspices of The International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics-Global Aging Research Network (IAGG-GARN) and the IAGG European Region Clinical Section, composed of experts from the fields of exercise science and geriatrics, met in Toulouse, in December 2015, with the aim of establishing recommendations of physical activity and exercise for older adults living in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Due to the high heterogeneity in terms of functional ability and cognitive function that characterizes older adults living in LTCFs, taskforce members established 2 sets of recommendations: recommendations for reducing sedentary behaviors for all LTCF residents and recommendations for defining specific, evidence-based guidelines for exercise training for subgroups of LTCF residents. To promote a successful implementation of recommendations, taskforce experts highlighted the importance of promoting residents' motivation and pleasure, the key factors that can be increased when taking into account residents' desires, preferences, beliefs, and attitudes toward physical activity and exercise. The importance of organizational factors related to LTCFs and health care systems were recognized by the experts. In conclusion, this taskforce report proposes standards for the elaboration of strategies to increase physical activity as well as to prescribe exercise programs for older adults living in LTCFs. This report should be used as a guide for professionals working in LTCF settings.

  • 45.
    Bengtsson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Postoperativ knäsvullnad efter främre korsbandsrekonstruktion: - en jämförelse mellan standard- och accelererad rehabilitering.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Nu för tiden är det vanligt att använda sig av så kallad accelererad rehabilitering efter främre korsbandsrekonstruktion. Den accelererade rehabiliterings påverkan på uttöjning av det nya korsbandsgraftet och lårmuskelstyrka är väl kända. Däremot är kunskapen om hur accelererad rehabilitering påverkar svullnad i knäleden mer begränsad.

    Syfte: Att undersöka om det finns någon skillnad avseende knäledssvullnad efter främre korsbandsrekonstruktion vid ett standard- och ett accelererat rehabiliteringsprogram.

    Studiedesign: Sekundäranalys av randomiserad kontrollerad studie.

    Material och metod: Etthundra sextioen främre korsbandsrekonstruerade patienter med patellar- eller hamstringssena randomiserades till standard- och ett accelererat rehabiliteringsprogram. Nittio patienter, standard rehabilitering (n=29) och accelererad rehabilitering (n=61) inkluderades för beräkning av svullnad, vid baseline, 1 vecka postoperativt. Svullnad definierades som skillnad i omkrets mätt med måttband av icke opererat knä jämfört med opererat knä. Svullnad beräknades vid vecka 1 och månad 1, 2, 3 och 4 postoperativt.

    Resultat: Det var ingen signifikant skillnad avseende knäsvullnad vid jämförelse  mellan standard- och ett accelererat rehabiliteringsprogram vid något av uppföljningstillfällena.

    Slutsats: Denna studie visar att träning enligt ett accelererat rehabiliteringsprogram efter främre korsbandrekonstruktion inte ökar knäsvullnad signifikant jämfört med ett standard rehabiliteringsprogram. Gruppen som tränat enligt ett accelererat rehabiliteringsprogram uppvisade dock en något större knäsvullnad suprapatellärt.

  • 46.
    Bengtsson, Victor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    The three-dimensional movement patterns in the thoracolumbar and lumbopelvic spine during the deadlift exercise2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Marklyft är en vanlig styrketräningsövning. Det saknas emellertid studier av ryggradens rörelsemönster under utförandet av marklyft. Syftet med den här studien var att kvantifiera ryggradens tredimensionella rörelsemönster under utförandet av marklyft och vid vanehållning i de thorakolumbala och lumbosakrala regionerna samt studera inverkan av kön.

    Tjugofyra tävlande lyftare, 14 män och 10 kvinnor med 1 repetition maximum (1RM) i marklyft på 162.5 ± 55.5 kg, utförde tre repetitioner av tunga marklyft. Ryggens tredimensionella rörelsemönster, rörelseomfång (ROM) och kurvatur i thorakolumbala (T11-L2) och lumbosakrala (L2-S2) regionerna mättes med rörelsesensorer.

    Resultatet visade att rörelser sker i sagittal-, frontal- och horizontalplanet i thorakolumbala (ROM = 11.8 ± 7.6, 4.3 ± 2.8, and 3.4 ± 1.6 degrees) och lumbosakrala regionerna (ROM = 21.7 ± 6.5, 2.8 ± 1.7, och 2.8 ± 1.4 grader) under marklyftsutförandet. I jämförelse med vanehållningen ändrades ryggens kurvatur i start- och stoppläget mot ett mer flekterat läge. Signifikanta skillnader hittades mellan könen avseende vanehållning, startläge och ROM.

    Sammanfattningsvis ändras ryggens kurvatur under utförandet av tunga marklyft i sagittalplanet samt att vanehållningen och rörelsemönster skiljer sig mellan män och kvinnor.

  • 47.
    Bentzer, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Hedlund, Linnea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Functional movement screen, skadeförekomst och träningsmängd hos kvinnliga innebandyspelare2012Student thesis
  • 48.
    Berglund, Jon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Inter-rater reliabilityfor visual assessment of six movement qualities during supervised musicexercise performance2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Visuella bedömningar är vanligt förekommande i det dagliga arbetet bland sjukgymnaster, personliga tränare och gym instruktörer. Med målet att optimera rörelser och minimera risken för skada läggs förtroende till den visuella bedömning som grund för korrigering av rörelser. Det saknas dock vetenskapligt underlag för den visuella bedömningen av rörelsekvalitéer genom att titta på videoinspelningar av deltagares utförande under ledd träning till musik.

     Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka inter-bedömar reliabiliteten för visuell bedömning av rörelsekvalitéerna timing, kvickhet, likhet, initiering, kraft och generell koordination genom att titta på videoinspelningar av deltagares utförande av dem under ledd träning till musik.

     Metod: För att undersöka inter-bedömar reliabiliteten så fick fyra bedömare visuellt bedöma videoinspelningar av 85 deltagare avseende deras utförande av ledd träning till musik genom skattning av sex olika rörelsekvalitéer. För varje deltagare fanns tre videosekvenser att bedöma.

     Resultat: Analyser med linjärt viktad kappa (k) utfördes för att bedöma likheten mellan bedömarna vilket gav medianvärdet för k = 0,206.

     Slutsats: På grund av brister i metoden kan inga säkra slutsatser dras avseende inter-bedömar reliabilteten för visuell bedömning av sex rörelsekvalitéer genom att titta på videoinspelningar av deltagares utförande av dem under ledd träning till musik.

  • 49.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Deadlift training for patients with mechanical low back pain: a comparison of the effects of a high-load lifting exercise and individualized low-load motor control exercises2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Disability due to low back pain is common. While evidence exist that exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability, it is still largely undetermined which kind of exercises that are most effective. The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate and compare the effects of a high-load lifting exercise and individualized low-load motor control exercises for patients with nociceptive mechanical low back pain. A secondary aim was to evaluate which patients benefit from training with a high-load lifting exercise.

    All four papers in this thesis were based on a randomized controlled trial including 70 participants with nociceptive mechanical low back pain as their dominating pain pattern. Participants were randomized into training with either a high-load lifting exercise (HLL), the deadlift, (n=35) or individualized low-load motor control exercises (LMC) (n=35). Both interventions included aspects of pain education. All participants were offered twelve sessions during an eight week period. The effects of the interventions were evaluated directly after and twelve months after the end of the intervention period. Outcome measures were pain intensity, activity, disability, physical performance, lumbo-pelvic alignment and lumbar multifidus muscle thickness.

    There was a significant between-group effect in favour of the LMC intervention regarding improvements in activity, movement control tests and some tests of trunk muscle endurance. For pain intensity there were no significant differences between groups. A majority of participants in both intervention groups showed clinically meaningful improvements from baseline to two and twelve month follow-up regarding pain intensity and activity. There were no significant differences between HLL and LMC regarding the effect on lumbo-pelvic alignment or lumbar multifidus thickness. The participants who benefit the most from the HLL intervention were those with a low pain intensity and high performance in the Biering-Sørensen test at baseline.

    The results of this thesis showed that the HLL intervention was not more effective than the LMC intervention. The LMC was in fact more effective in improving activity, performance in movement control tests and some tests of trunk muscle endurance, compared to the HLL intervention.

    The results imply that the deadlift, when combined with education, could be considered as an exercise to produce clinically relevant improvements on pain intensity in patients who prefer a high-load exercise. However, before considering deadlift training, the results suggest that pain intensity and performance in the Biering-Sørensen test should be evaluated.

  • 50.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Which patients with persistent mechanical low back pain will respond to highload motor control training?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Introduction

    A previous pilot study has shown that high load motor control training with the conventional deadlift exercise can reduce pain intensity and activity limitation in patients with persistent low back pain. However, it is still unknown which variables characterize the ideal patient for this exercise.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to explore variables influencing success or failure of eight weeks of high loadmotor control training with the conventional deadlift exercise for patients with persistent mechanical low back pain.

    Method

    The study design was a prospective cohort study of patients with persistent mechanical low back pain(n=35). The intervention consisted of eight weeks of training with the conventional deadlift exercise. Possible predictive variables were collected at baseline. To discriminate patients with a successful or failed outcome of treatment, change in the patient-specific functional scale was used and a cut-off at 50 %improvement was set. Of the 35 patients, 15 were categorized as treatment success (≥50 % improvement) and 20 patients as treatment failure (<50 % improvement).

    Results

    No variables at baseline were recognized as possible predictors of successful or failed treatment.

    Conclusion

    From the results of this study it appears that none of the variables in this study could influence success or failure of high load motor control training with the conventional deadlift exercise. However, the conventional deadlift could be considered a potent exercise when administered by a PT well experienced in resistance training and analyzing movement patterns.

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