Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 1640
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Almarlind, Pia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Bergqvist, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Lundgren, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Ämnesproven 2011 i grundskolans årskurs 9 och specialskolan årskurs 102012In: Ämnesproven 2011 i grundskolans årskurs 9 och specialskolans årskurs 10, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2012, , p. 28-43p. 28-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Almarlind, Pia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Bergqvist, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Lundgren, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Ämnesproven i grundskolans årskurs 9 och specialskolans årskurs 10 årskurs 9, 2013: Biologi, fysik och kemi, årskurs 9, vårterminen 20132013Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Almarlind, Pia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Bergqvist, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Lundgren, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Ämnesprovet i NO: biologi, fysik och kemi2013In: Ämnesproven 2012 i grundskolans årskurs 9 och specialskolans årskurs 10 / [ed] Skolverket, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2013, , p. 32-44p. 32-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Olofsson, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Taube, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Studenter med dyslexi inom högre utbildning i Sverige och Storbritannien2010In: Dyslexi : aktuellt om läs- och skrivsvårigheter, ISSN 1401-2480, no 3, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ahlgren, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Nestander, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Redo! Alltid redo!: Lärare och lärarstudenters åsikter om bemötande av barn i kris2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förr eller senare kommer vi som lärare att ställas inför det faktum att vi måste hantera krissituationer där en eller flera elever behöver omsorg. Vårt syfte med detta examensarbete har varit att försöka beskriva och jämföra erfarna lärares och lärarstudenters åsikter och erfarenheter om bemötande av barn i kris. Vi ville genom vår undersökning ta reda på vad lärare har för beredskap för att möta barn som drabbats av en kris och hur lärare bemöter dessa barn på bästa sätt. Vi har använt oss av kvalitativa intervjuer där vi intervjuat sex lärare med minst fem års yrkeserfarenhet och sex lärarstudenter i slutskedet av sin utbildning. Intervjuerna har tillsammans med den litteratur vi läst gett oss följande resultat: Skilsmässa är den krisorsak för barn som enligt resultatet är den vanligaste. Upplevelser av kriser kan variera mycket för barn beroende på vilken ålder de är i. Signalerna kan ibland vara svaga och svåra att tolka men ofta förändrar barnet sitt sätt att vara på ett märkbart sätt. Ingen kris är den andra lik, därför är det svårt att vara förberedd på att hantera en krissituation då de ser så olika ut från gång till gång. Den viktigaste känslan läraren kan förmedla är trygghet till den som är drabbad. Få av de intervjuade kände sig beredda att möta barn i kris, men lärarna tillade att de inte var rädda för det. Samtliga informanter ansåg att de fått för lite eller ingen kunskap om krishantering under sin utbildning. Alla var överens om att det skulle behövas.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 6.
    Ahlénius, Caroline
    Umeå University, Umeå School of Education (USE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Familjen börjar i förskolan: Föräldrars perspektiv på problematiska inskolningar2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet för denna kvalitativa studie var att utveckla förståelse för föräldrars perspektiv på deras barns förskolestart och vad som då kan vara problematiskt. Syftet var också att bidra med kunskaper om önskvärda handlingsmönster hos pedagoger vid förskolestarten. Studien genomfördes på internet där tio respondenter hittades på ett internetforum för föräldrar. Föräldrarnas inlägg insamlades och därtill genomfördes en e-postenkätundersökning som jag formulerat för denna studie. Några aspekter som visade sig vara viktiga för alla tillfrågade föräldrar var tillgången till information i förhand, möjligheter till inflytande över inskolningsarbetet, samt en fungerande kommunikation mellan pedagoger och föräldrar. I samtliga undersökta fall av problematiska inskolningar uppstod med eller mindre uttalade konflikter kring när och hur föräldern skulle lämna barnet och hur man skulle tolka barnets gråt.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Familjen börjar i förskolan
  • 7.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Enacting the fundamental values in art education2022In: Education and involvment in precarious times: NERA conference 2022. Abstract book / [ed] Michael Dal, School of Education, Univeristy of Iceland , 2022, p. 169-170Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Research topic/aim: The overall purpose of this thesis is to describe and discuss preconditions for theenactment and the construction of fundamental values in art education in secondaryschool.

    2. Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework used in this study is a combination of policy enactmenttheory (Ball et al. 2012) and Bernsteins (2000) concepts Classification and Framing.This combination allowed to analyse the influence of context and existing subjecttraditions and teaching practice in art education.

    3. Methodology/research design: The study is based on ethnographic methods, including classroom observations,video recordings and interviews with art teachers and pupils. Three art teachers and36 pupils in grades eight and nine (age 14-16) have participated in the study.

    4. Expected results/findings: The results show that the conditions for policy enactment are created by severalfactors that interact. Together with existing subject traditions and teaching practicesin art education, the unique contextual mix that every school provide creates theconditions for enacting the fundamental values in art education. For example, the artsubject carries an image-making tradition that pushes aside more theoretical syllabuscontent, such as image analysis. The situated context influences the professionalculture and, therefore, they function as a lens for selecting and translating thecurriculum; hence, different groups of pupils receive different democratic education.Also, the school's goal and result management focus on measurable subjectknowledge and therefore marginalise the fundamental values. Together, this makes itchallenging to incorporate fundamental values in subject teaching.

    5. Relevance to Nordic educational research: Democratic education is essential in all Nordic countries, and these results helpexplain why it is not always easy to incorporate the more generic democratic goals inthe subject teaching.

    The poster will show a model of how different factors interact as the curriculum isenacted.

    References: 

    Ball, S. J., Maguire, M. & Braun, A. (2012). How schools do policy: Policy enactmentsin secondary schools. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203153185

    Bernstein, B. (2000[1996]). Pedagogy, symbolic control and identity: theory,research, critique. Rev. ed Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

  • 8.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Förutsättningar för iscensättning av en ny kursplan i bildämnet2023In: Konferens i pedagogiskt arbete, 2023: book of abstracts, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023, p. 128-128Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bildämnets kursplaner har följt samhällsutvecklingen, men det har skett en eftersläpning i själva bildundervisningen på klassrumsnivån. Denna eftersläpning har förklarats med att lärarnas ämneskonception har informerats av äldre ämnesparadigm (Skolverket, 2015; Åsén, 2006). Mitt nuvarande forskningsprojekt syftar till att öka kunskapen om förutsättningarna för att iscensätta en ny kursplan i bildämnet. Syftet har brutits ner i följande forskningsfrågor:

    • Hur formar kontexten förutsättningarna för lärares tolkning av ny policy?
    • Hur formar ämnesinnehåll och ämnestraditioner bildlärarnastolkning av en ny kursplan?
    • Hur påverkar skolans styrsystemförutsättningar för lärarnas tolkning och översättning av kursplanen i bild?

    Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio bildlärare. Ytterligare en intervju med två representanter från Skolverket har genomförts. Dessutom har kursplanen och implementeringsmaterialet från Skolverket analyserats.Med hjälp av teori om policy enactment (Ball et al., 2012) belyses komplexiteten i processen med att iscensätta policy samt hur kontexten informerar tolkning och översättning av en kursplan. I denna presentation kommer de första resultaten av denna pågående studie att presenteras och diskuteras. Resultaten visar att skolans mål-och resultatstyrning utmanar den traditionella didaktiska utbildningstraditionen och därmed lärarnas professionella frihet.

    Referenser: 

    Ball, Maguire, M., & Braun, A. (2012). How Schools Do Policy: Policy Enactments in Secondary Schools. Routledge.

    Skolverket, Marner, A. & Örtegren, H. (2015). Bild i grundskolan: en nationell ämnesutvärdering i årskurs 6 och 9.

    Åsén, G. (2006). Varför bild i skolan? - en historisk tillbakablick på argument för ett marginaliserat skolämne, In Uttryck, intryck, avtryck: lärande, estetiska uttrycksformer och forskning, (pp.107–122). Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet.

  • 9.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    "It will take time": visual arts teachers’ professional freedom in policy enactment2023In: Arts education policy review, ISSN 1063-2913, E-ISSN 1940-4395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to add to what is known about how contextual prerequisites and governance systems affect art teachers’ professional freedom, a topic of global significance. Previous research shows that Visual Arts education has not been aligned with current syllabi. This discrepancy is partly explained by ‘a lag’ in the teachers’ subject conceptions given that visual arts teachers traditionally enjoy considerable professional freedom while designing their teaching. That is only one explanation; in contrast, this article, set in the Swedish educational context, enhances understanding of policy enactment in the visual art subject, with relevance for global educational policies. To understand how contextual conditions and patterns of governance determine the level of teacher autonomy, in-depth semi-structured interviews with ten art teachers in the Swedish 9-year compulsory school were conducted over 10 months in 2022, coinciding with the implementation of a new curriculum. In addition, staff from the National Agency for Education (NAfE) were interviewed, and NAfE materials were analyzed. Employing policy enactment theory, the analysis shows that contextual factors significantly influence the prerequisites of policy enactment. Further, the goals- and results-based management of schools challenges art teachers’ professional freedom as teachers adapt to the principles of governmentality. This, in turn, makes enacting new art policy challenging and time-consuming.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Renegotiating subject content when enacting a new syllabus in art education2022In: Education and involvment in precarious times: NERA conference 2022. Abstract book. / [ed] Michael Dal, Reykjavik: School of Education, University of Iceland , 2022, p. 17-18Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Research topic/aim: This research deals with enacting the art syllabus in the new curriculum (Lgr 22) inthe Swedish compulsory school. In this syllabus, the core content about images thatdeal with norms and values has been expanded and now includes schoolyear onethrough nine. The concept "norm" has been introduced in the art syllabus. Also, theconcept of "visual culture" has a protruding position in Lgr 22 compared to the formercurriculum (Lgr 11). Together, this shows a shift in subject content, which is meant tolead to changes in teaching practice. A change that often is slow and gradual (Åsén,2006). The aim of the study is to increase knowledge about and deepenunderstanding of how subject content is interpreted, renegotiated and takes shape atthe classroom level in the process of enacting a new syllabus.

    2. Theoretical framework: The theoretical point of departure is Ball et al. s' (2012) theory of curriculumenactment. Policy enactment is understood as a complex process where the contexthas a significant influence as different types of policy actors do policy (Ball et al.,2012).

    3. Methodology/research design: Central to the research design is policy ethnography, including observations,interviews, observations, and collection of teaching materials. The study is conductedin primary and secondary public schools and includes art teachers and pupils. Thefirst part of the study, starting spring 2022, consists of interviews with teachers andfocus upon their interpretation of the syllabus. The second part also includesclassroom observations and interviews with pupils.

    4. Expected results/findings: Expected results in the first part of this study will address how teachers interpret thenew syllabus in Lgr22. The analysis will show what influences teachers' interpretationand how they negotiate their understanding of the subject in relation to their subjectconception, professional culture and the school context. Preliminary results frominterviews will be presented at the conference.

    5. Relevance to Nordic educational research: Even though the art subject differs between the Nordic countries (Lindström, 2009),the results of this study are relevant to Nordic educational research as it contributesto the understanding of the process of and factors that influence policy enactment ina Scandinavian school context.

    References: 

    Ball, S. J. Maguire, M. & Braun, A. (2012). How schools do policy: Policy enactmentsin secondary schools. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203153185

    Lindström, L. (2009). Nordic visual arts education in transition: a research review.Vetenskapsrådet.

    Åsén, G. (2006) Varför bild i skolan? -en historisk tillbakablick på argument för ettmarginaliserat skolämne. In: Lundgren, U. P. (red.) Uttryck, intryck, avtryck: lärande,etetiska uttrycksformer och forskning, p. 107–122. Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet.

  • 11.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Värdegrundsarbete i bildundervisning: en studie om iscensättning av policy i grundskolans senare år2021Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to describe and discuss preconditions for the enactment and the construction of fundamental values in art education in secondary school. The study is based on ethnographic methods, including classroom observations, video recordings and interviews with art teachers and pupils. Three art teachers and 36 pupils in grade eight and nine (age 14-16) have participated in the study. The schools are located in areas of different socio-economic status. Besides interviews, the empirical material consists of observation notes, video and sound recordings, documents and photographs from the observed lessons. In total, 27 lessons were observed and recorded, 20 interviews with teachers and seven interviews with pupils were conducted. The empirical material is analysed with a combination of policy enactment theory (Ball et al. 2012) and concepts form Bernstein (2000, 2003) and Bakhtin (1981, 1986).

    The analysis reveals that the conditions for policy enactment are created by several factors that interact. It is impossible to designate a single factor to explain why the enacted curriculum turns out the way it does. The contextual dimensions, such as material context, situated context, professional culture and external context (Ball et al. 2012), constitute a complex and unique contextual mix in every school. Together with existing subject traditions and teaching practices in art education, the unique contextual mix creates the conditions for enacting the fundamental values in art education.

    The art subject carries a tradition of image-making that pushes more theoretical syllabus content,such as image analysis, aside. The situated context influences the professional culture and, therefore,they function as a lens for selecting and translating the curriculum. Regardless of teachers' intentionsto enact the fundamental values in art education, the external context can create obstacles. The goal and result management of school leads to a focus on measurable subject knowledge and drive awayother curriculum parts such as the fundamental values, making it challenging to work with fundamental values in Art education.

    In conclusion, there are no prerequisites for realising the intentions of the fundamental values as expressed in the curriculum. Despite this, the fundamental values have a given place in Art education. Although, it is not always expressed verbally; instead, it is image-borne.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
    Download (pdf)
    spikblad
  • 12.
    Alatalo, Fanny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education.
    Lusten till matematik och vägen dit: En studie om hur lärare arbetar med matematik och motivation på lågstadiet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation promotes learning and a lack of motivation is a problem in school. According to research, students easily distance themselves to mathematics if teaching is monotone. Research also shows that teachers possess a great potential to influence the motivation of their pupils. The first aim of my study is to investigate teachers’ opinions about motivation in mathematics and how they plan and implement these thoughts in the classroom. Another is to find out what the teachers think about the physical classroom environment and its design when learning mathematics. To get an as expanded knowledge as possible, I have used interviews, observations and pupil questionnaires. The result of my study showed that the three teachers all used the pupils’ workbooks as a framework when planning, but they used it in various extents in their teaching. Attitudes among the pupils to their mathematic lessons and to the subject differed, but one class was much more positive then the others - this study shows some of the contributing factors regarding to that fact.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Alatalo, Tarja
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Liberg, Caroline
    Uppsala universitet.
    Tegmark, Mats
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Vinterek, Monika
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Winberg, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education. UmSER.
    Läsning och motivation i årskurs 6 och 9: elevers syn på läspraktiker i och utanför skolan.2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     Läsförmågan hos elever i den svenska grundskolan är långt under vad den var 20 år sedan, samtidigt som fritidsläsandet fortsätter att minska. Skolan har därför ett viktigt kompensatoriskt uppdrag då vi vet att det krävs rikligt med läsning för att bli en god läsare (Kuhn & Stahl, 2003). Elever behöver också läsa olika typer av texter för att utveckla ordförrådet inom olika ämnen (Biemiller, 2001). Dessutom måste elever kunna läsa längre texter för att utveckla kunskap genom läsning (Topping et al., 2007; Merisuo-Storm & Soininen, 2014). Forskning visar också att längden läsning i skolan och på fritiden korrelerar positivt med läsförmågan (Taylor et al., 1990). 

    Studien utgår från självbestämmandeteorin (SDT) vilken betonar att typen av motivation är viktigare än mängden motivation (Ryan & Deci, 2000). Ju mer autonomt reglerad elevers motivation är, desto bättre är förutsättningarna för att de ska vilja läser mer. Forskning har visat på ett rekursivt samband mellan autonom motivation och synen på den egna läsförmågan (Guthrie & Wigfield, 2000). 

    Syftet är att visa på relationen mellan hur mycket eleverna läser och deras motivation till läsning, attityd till läsning och synen på den egna läsförmågan. Följande frågor är i fokus: 

    • Hur många sidor sammanhängande text läser elever i årskurs 6 och 9 i svenska, engelska, historia och kemi under en dag i skolan? 
    • Vad är elevernas generella attityd till läsning? 
    • Vilken motivation uttrycker elever för läsning av skönlitteratur och sakprosa i skolan? 
    • Hur ser eleverna på sin egen läsförmåga och skolans såväl som sina egna läspraktiker? 

     Analyserna bygger på data från 3408 webbaserade elevenkäter från 144 grundskolor i 18 kommuner. Dessutom genomfördes 194 strukturerade elevintervjuer i sex klasser valda utifrån grad av motivation och mängden skolrelaterad läsning. 

    Resultatet visar att elever i årskurs 6 läser mer i skolan än elever i årskurs 9 och att elever i årskurs 6 visar en högre grad av inre motivation än elever i årskurs 9. Elever i årskurs 6 har också en mer positiv attityd till läsning av såväl skönlitterär som sakprosatext än elever i årskurs 9. Analyser pågår gällande relationen mellan hur mycket eleverna läser och deras motivation till läsning i de olika ämnena. Preliminära resultat pekar mot att det finns en potential i elevernas förhållande till läsning som skolan skulle kunna ta tillvara i än högre grad. 

    Studiens storskaliga ansats med både kvantitativa och kvalitativa data bidrar med ny kunskap om skolans läspraktiker och hur dessa förhåller sig till elevers motivation att läsa.

  • 14.
    Albertsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Kan en intensivträning av avkodningsförmåga i åk 3 leda till förbättrad läsförståelse och läsintresse?: En studie av Rydaholmsmetoden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine whether an intervention with the Rydaholms method leads to better decoding skills, improved reading comprehension and increased interest in reading. The participants were the third grade primary school children. A five-week training with the method was performed and children's results in reading speed, decoding and reading comprehension were compared to the pretest results. The interest in reading was measured with a questionnaire prior and after the invention was done. The results showed that the children had improved their decoding but not their reading comprehension. All the children reported a higher level of reading interest after the intervention. The results are discussed in relation to the research favoring training in spelling and decoding as a primary method to improve both decoding and reading comprehension and methods that combine training in spelling and comprehension. The study could show that improved decoding skills do not automatically lead to better reading comprehension due to a short-term memory advantage but training in comprehension strategies is needed. The finding that improved decoding lead to increased interest in reading gives support for the research that claims that decoding skills are fundamental for children's own view on reading.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Equality and education policy in the European Union: an example from the case of Roma2017In: Policy and inequality in education / [ed] Stephen Parker, Kalervo N. Gulson, Trevor Gale, Singapore: Springer, 2017, p. 111-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union represents a transnational level of polity where education policies are constructed in parallel to those of nation states, and where equality is framed both in legal frameworks and in policies around citizenship and inclusion. This chapter focuses attention on the interplay between the legal and the policy landscapes around equality and their relation to education policy, and explores these ideas in relation to the Roma minority, and the efforts of the EU to address their experience of multiple inequalities across the continent. The process of developing an education and social policy, and the refinement of equality and anti-discrimination legislation, contribute to a reframing of equality beyond the borders of national policies, and open up new opportunities for their negotiation. The case of Roma EU policies suggests that a combination of legal and policy processes is necessary to address issues of inequalities in education. But there are political risks with the EU taking over such policy work especially when the equality definitions used are narrow in their remit, and when national governments lack the political will to implement EU policies.

  • 16.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Framing education policies and transitions of Roma students in Europe2019In: Comparative Education, ISSN 0305-0068, E-ISSN 1360-0486, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 422-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to identify the contexts and conditions that allow for successful education transitions and opportunities for the Roma minority in Europe. Thus far, transnational and national policies have failed to ensure Roma inclusion and education equality, even though some progress is visible. Using a combination of policy analysis and interviews with NGO and European Union actors, University academics and Roma students, the article examines the key contexts that frame education policies and create the necessary conditions for education transitions. It identifies the problems and challenges within the contemporary EU education policy frameworks and highlights the tensions between political rhetoric and policy commitments that are visible at national, transnational, and local levels. In addition, through a focus on individual student experiences, the article captures the lived reality of Roma students who have managed their education transitions with success.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Policy learning and europeanisation in education: the governance of a field and the transfer of knowledge2014In: Transnational policy flows in European education: the making and governing of knowledge in the education policy field / [ed] Andreas Nordin & Daniel Sundberg, Oxford: Symposium Books, 2014, p. 123-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter reviews the recent education policy initiatives in the EU through two lenses: (1) policy learning through the open-method of coordination, as a set of mechanisms of education governance, and, (2) what these mechanisms mean for the relationships between national and transnational levels of policy making. It is argued that policy learning acts as a particular mode of control of the direction, nature and content of the desired reforms, while at the same time there are appeals to its political neutrality and operational effectiveness. In the process of implementing and monitoring policy learning, national institutions become important sites for the understanding of reforms in practice. Drawing on a critical approach to policy instrumentation and new sociological institutionalism the chapter examines key debates in the literature of Europeanisation and policy learning and how these manifest themselves in the field of education policy.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Privatising public education across Europe: Shifting boundaries and the politics of (re)claiming schools2013In: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 413-422Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of privatisation is not new. It has been debated since the end of the 1970s following a major financial crisis and the subsequent ‘crisis’ of the public sector. The once celebrated welfare state that has been a core institution in many industrialised European countries has been under various forms of pressure: financial, social, managerial, but also of political legitimacy. Ideologically, the welfare state has been challenged by (neo)liberals who have seen it as not only financially unsustainable, but also antithetical to the goals of economic efficiency and the pursuit of personal liberties. Its operations have also been attacked by political pragmatists who have seen its cumbersome bureaucratic nature as increasingly problematic. The answer for this latter group was not (necessarily) privatisation but the increased diversity of providers (often all state providers) competing for resources in order to increase the state’s responsiveness and effectiveness.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Privatization-Education Inquiry
  • 19.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    Department of Education, Keele University, Staffordshire, United Kingdom.
    Researching policy implementation: interview data analysis in institutional contexts2001In: International Journal of Social Research Methodology, ISSN 1364-5579, E-ISSN 1464-5300, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 51-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I am concerned with the analysis of semi-structured interview data that emerge from an inquiry rooted in institutional environments. The examples of data used to illustrate the procedures of analysis come from research carried out in Further Education Colleges in England. The focus is on individual actors (managers and teachers), mediating change within organizations. This focus provides scope for the exploration of social manifestations of political action. A number of epistemological questions arise with respect to the data and the nature of knowledge that is accessible through their analysis. The paper is practically oriented in that it presents an example of data analysis as part of researching the implementation of policy at the level of institutions, and the enactment of such a policy by individuals. The consideration of different traditions underpinning research and specific methodological techniques for data analysis has resulted in identification of a set of theoretically informed procedures that provide a framework for de-constructing, interpreting, and synthesizing interview data into accounts of policy implementation in the field. These procedures are presented and exemplified, while the theoretical assumptions underlying them and their implications for further research are discussed.

  • 20.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Responding to 'crisis': Education policy research in Europe2016In: Research in education (Manchester), ISSN 0034-5237, E-ISSN 2050-4608, Vol. 96, no 1, p. 23-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the significance of international and transnational developments for education policy research, with a focus on the European Union. The rise of policy projects at the EU level since 2000, has altered the relationships between the state, EU institutions and education policy, in terms of the definition of values, purposes, and mechanisms of education change, in what is often referred to as the europeanisation of education policy and governance. In a time of financial crisis and extensive population migrations to and within the European space, the paper argues for further critical research on the EU institutions and their relationship to national education systems, as well as on the social justice dimensions and implications of considering both national and EU sites of policy for addressing young and vulnerable peoples’ education and social futures.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Schools for the future Europe: values and change beyond Lisbon2014In: Educational research (Windsor. Print), ISSN 0013-1881, E-ISSN 1469-5847, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 111-113Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Dovemark, Marianne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Erixon-Arreman, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Holm, Ann-Sofie
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lundahl, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Lundström, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Managing inclusion in competitive school systems: The cases of Sweden and England2016In: Research in Comparative and International Education, E-ISSN 1745-4999, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 13-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last 40 years have seen great political attention paid to issues of inclusion in education, both from international organisations and also individual nations. This flexible concept has been adopted enthusiastically in education reforms concerned with increased standardisation of teaching and learning, decentralisation of education management, reduced teacher autonomy and marketisation of school systems. This paper draws from a research project that explores inclusion as part of the education transformations in England and Sweden. These two countries have been very different in their state governance and welfare regimes, but have been following similar directions of reform in their education systems. The paper evaluates the changing policy assumptions and values in relation to inclusion in the schooling changes of the last few decades, through an analysis of policy contexts and processes, and a presentation of selected empirical material from research in the two countries. We argue that, despite the similar dominant discourses of competition and marketisation, the two education systems draw on significantly different paradigms of operationalising inclusion, with distinct outcomes regarding equality.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Erixon Arreman, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Lundström, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Inclusive and Competitive?: Municipalities and Schools in the Intersection between Social Inclusion and Marketisation2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outline of research questions and theoretical framework

    The Swedish and English school systems have undergone fundamental transformations since the end of the 1980s. In in the early 1990s, Sweden with long tradition of centralistic, egalitarian, universalistic education shifted into the direction of a decentralised, marketised, individualised project, with significant elements of New Public Management ideas (Bunar 2012). Political decisions introducing student choice and favourable conditions for private actors have resulted in a fast expansion of “free schools” and a more market-like situation than in most other countries. Recent studies indicate that such policies contribute to increased segregation between schools and between students (Skolverket 2012; Östh, Andersson and Malmberg 2012), contradicting central intentions of Swedish education. There is still political consensus regarding the Swedish school system’s socially compensatory task and striving for equity and inclusion. Furthermore, the far-going decentralisation of responsibilities to the local level means that the ways that municipalities and schools try to balance the demands of being competitive and socially inclusive may show large variations.  The United Kingdom, and England in particular, followed a similar trajectory of market driven reforms introduced in the late 1980s, combined with sophisticated systems of data management and central control of academic targets (Ball 2008, Jones 2003). ‘Inclusion’ in English schools, has been a long standing agenda since the 1990s, but it is a concept open to interpretation and defined by the marketised context schools operate in, and the high pressures for academic standards.  

    How municipal and school actors in the two countries understand the concepts of inclusion and competition, how they interpret and practice them, is very much shaped by the institutional histories of their municipality/school, but also what the policy context makes possible.

    This presentation draws on a research project, funded by The Swedish Research Council, that focuses on how competition, performance and inclusion demands on upper secondary school are enacted at the local level, that is how these policies are interpreted and translated and what strategies and practices emerge as responses to new/current policy context.  

    The paper aims to explore and understand similarities and differences in the ways Swedish and English municipal and school actors at the local level respond to the simultaneous demands of being competitive and inclusive.

    The concept policy enactment (Ball, Maguire & Braun 2012) is used as a theoretical framework, a concept which emphasises the importance of multi-faceted contexts and that policies are discursive strategies (e.g. the construction of “an upper secondary school for all” and a school quasi-market). Putting policies into actions is a complex process in which various enactors with various interests and power take part. In a decentralised school system - which applies for the two countries-  local actors, including municipalities and schools are responsible for the realization of the national education policy.

    At the same time, how education is actually constructed local levels is sparsely highlighted in the research literature – not least the issue of how inclusion is maintained in a market-oriented context.

     

    Methodology, methods

    A qualitative research approach, relying on extensive data collection is used: (a) interviews in four Swedish municipal settings including politicians, school leaders, head-teachers and study and guidance officers, (b) interviews in two case schools in England: head-teachers and other senior managers of schools, middle managers, teachers, special needs coordinators, teaching assistants, and groups of pupils. Relevant documents have been studied in both countries. The data have been analysed through traditional thematic coding combined with elements of discourse analysis (Silverman 2010).

    We explore our research questions in two different European countries. Our aim is to understand local interpretations of ‘inclusion’ within schools and municipalities in these countries, and within an increasingly marketised and competitive policy and local context.  But, our research design is not at the outset comparative. We aim to understand each case in its own right, but through a common set of research questions we have possibilities for fruitful comparisons in selected areas of the findings.

    Conclusions, expected outcomes and findings

    In Sweden, differing local strategies are related to a variety of factors including political composition of the municipal councils, the size of population, the geographical site of schools including specific “profiling” of schools to attract particular groups of students. The ideological contexts frame, constrain and enable the enactment of inclusion and school choice policies. Further, the recent upper secondary reform constitutes a special challenge regarding the division of students, eligibility to higher education, the handling of dropouts and students who are not eligible for upper secondary school.

    In England, interviews with school actors reveal the pressures of the inspection process and the operation of local markets not only in the way the schools position themselves in this market, but also in the very core activities of designing the curriculum and assessment. Inclusion is a concept that has been accepted by all as part of normal school terminology. But the adjustments that teachers and school managers have to make in pedagogy and school organisation to meet the external pressures, often works against the ideal of inclusion, or leads to a use of a concept of inclusion that is drawing on neo-liberal understandings of minimal entitlement to equal opportunities.

    References

    Ball, S. (2008) The Education Debate: Policy and Politics in the Twenty-First Century, The Policy Press.

    Ball, S. Maguire, M. & Braun, A. (2012). How schools do policy. Policy enactments in secondary schools. London & New York: Routledge

    Bunar, N. (2012) The Free Schools “Riddle”: Between traditional social democratic, neo-liberal and multicultural tenets. Scandinavian  Journal of Educational Research. 52: 4, 423-438

    Jones, K. (2003) Education in Britain, Polity Press.

    Silverman, D. (2010) Doing Qualitative Research, Third Edition, Sage.

    Skolverket (2012). Likvärdig utbildning i svensk grundskola? En kvantitativ analys av likvärdighet över tid. Rapport 374. Stockholm: Fritzes  

    Östh, John, Andersson, Eva and Malmberg, Bo (2012). School Choice and Increasing Performance Difference: A Counterfactual Approach. Urban Studies published online 26 July 2012. http://usj.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/07/26/0042098012452322

  • 24.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Essex, Jane
    School of Education, Brunel University, UK.
    Teacher education for inclusive practice: Responding to policy2016In: European Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 0261-9768, E-ISSN 1469-5928, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 5-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on research in one teacher education course in England and examines the ways in which the program prepares student teachers for inclusive practice in science teaching. We frame our analysis by drawing on aspects of institutional mediation of official policy in teacher education, as well as theories around inclusion and critical pedagogy. Using data from official sources, lecture material, and interviews, we argue that in order to achieve real inclusion in teacher education programs we need pedagogies of praxis that move beyond (and sometimes against) the official policy definitions of inclusion, and draw instead on a more critical approach to the formation of future professionals.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Findlow, Sally
    School of Public Policy and Professional Practice, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, United Kingdom.
    Developing the educated citizen: changing frameworks for the roles of Universities in Europe and England2014In: Annales, Series Historia et Sociologia, ISSN 1408-5348, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 371-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores questions of citizenship and the role of universities in the context of the policy changes in the UK and in Europe over the last two decades. Twenty five years after the political transitions in Eastern Europe, and 70 years since the end of the Second World War, Europe is more united than ever before. New political, social and economic configurations across the continent are bringing expectations and pressures to its citizens and institutions, with universities at the front of many economic and social projects. What do these new conditions mean for citizenship in the context of European universities, and how do member states respond to this changing context? The article will use England as a national case study within the EU to illustrate the tensions between the humanistic visions still carried out by many universities, although interpreted differently across the sector, and the pressures for the creation of the ‘knowledge economy’ that are shared at the national and transnational levels.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Helgøy, Ingrid
    NORCE Norwegian Research Centre.
    Homme, Anne
    NORCE Norwegian Research Centre.
    Lost in transition: Policies to reduce early school leaving and encourage further studying in Europe2019In: Comparative Education, ISSN 0305-0068, E-ISSN 1360-0486, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 297-307Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Hjelmér, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Laiho, Anne
    Department of Education, Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning and Education, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Pihlaja, Päivi
    Department of Education, Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning and Education, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Early childhood education and care policy change: Comparing goals, governance and ideas in Nordic contexts2024In: Compare, ISSN 0305-7925, E-ISSN 1469-3623, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 185-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is changing across Europe, reflecting multiple policy intentions and assumptions about education in early years, and the role of the state in supporting, funding and regulating its institutions. In this article, we examine the evolution of ECEC comparatively in Finland and Sweden, and we explore the shifts in goals, governance mechanisms and policy ideas that have characterised reforms in the sector. We draw on an analysis of policy documents, and argue that the incremental changes achieved over the last 50 years have been in response to changing goals assigned to ECEC and ideas about its roles and functions as part of the welfare and education sectors. The power of ideas in effecting policy change is tempered by established institutional framings, yet is visible in the early dominance of child-centred ideas, and the later controversies over the emergent labour-market and education-driven rationales of the post-2010s.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Hjelmér, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Pihlaja, Päivi
    Laiho, Anne
    Policy change in ECE in Finland and Sweden2019In: Early years: making it count: abstract book, European Early Childhood Education Research Association , 2019, p. 215-216Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse policy in Finland and Sweden in the post-1970s. Our research questions are: What are the key policies and goals for ECE, and the governance mechanisms in the sector? What are the policy and pedagogical ideas that define policy and change? Finland and Sweden invest substantially on ECE and developed delivery that is regulated by the state (Alila, 2013; Martin-Korpi, 2014). Expansion policies are underpinned by views on children’s' rights, equality and welfare (Vallberg-Roth, 2012). We examine 216 the changing policy ideas and institutional mechanisms for ECE provision and how these are affected by wider policy reforms. We combine two theoretical perspectives: A historical-policy approach on institutional formation (Mahoney & Thelen, 2010); and an examination of the role of ideas in the policy process (Schmidt, 2008). We view policy as dynamic, but also shaped by history, administrative traditions, and policy ideas that can instigate change of policy direction. We employ historical policy analysis. Our methods consist of documentary analysis and compilation of statistics (Alexander, 2000). Ethical consideration is given to a fair and balanced representation of policy documents and literature to avoid bias. Finland and Sweden have followed a similar trajectory of ECE policies, but with: a time-lag in implementation; a distinct approach to quasi-market provision; a different relation towards EU/OECD frameworks. We find that: surface similarities of policy discourses in different countries may hide differences in pedagogical assumptions about practice; and, an understanding of institutional contexts and values is necessary for the successful implementation of ECE reforms.

  • 29.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Holm, Ann-Sofie
    Department of Education and Special Education, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Learning, unlearning and redefining teachers’ agency in international private education: a Swedish education company operating in India2023In: Educational review (Birmingham), ISSN 0013-1911, E-ISSN 1465-3397Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Private international education is on the rise, but we still have limited knowledge on how different commercial actors operate in this field and how it affects local teachers and their work in the schools abroad. Swedish school companies have been active in exporting schooling in the international arena, including “Swedish” education models. In this article, we examine one company and their operations in India. We explore the interpretations of the company education model by teachers in the Indian schools, and how this affects their professional capacity. Mixed qualitative methods of interviews, on-site school visits and documentary reviews, were used to examine the possibilities for teachers to exercise professional agency within their working environment. Our findings show that teachers operate within a highly structured pedagogical environment characterised by a given curriculum, a centralised learning platform and training programme, and a set of dominant discourses around values and teaching practices. Teachers are expected to embrace a new professional identity in a process of discarding past experiences and adopting the new professional language given by the company's particular education model. In willingly embracing the company discourses and expectations, teachers’ agency tends to be constrained.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Jones, Ken
    Goldsmiths University, London.
    Educational policy-making in Europe 1986-2018: towards convergence?2019In: Austerity and the remaking of European education / [ed] Anna Traianou and Ken Jones, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, p. 29-52Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Kefala, Zoi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Preparing Education Students for an International Future?: Connecting Students' Experience to Institutional Contexts2021In: Journal of Studies in International Education, ISSN 1028-3153, E-ISSN 1552-7808, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 443-460Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on "internationalization at home" (IaH) for education students in Swedish Universities and its significance for their professional formation and future practice. We draw on research in two large institutions and explore the perceptions and experiences of internationalization of home students in education. We find that while the "intercultural" understanding of students is well developed, the international and intercultural dimensions of experiencing IaH are limited, due to several institutional and learning environment contexts. This has consequences for the social dimensions of future teaching practice. In addition, the perception of the discipline as "national" is significant in shaping the outlook of students toward international questions and their own future personal and professional mobility. We contextualize these findings using documentary analysis and staff interviews, and argue that to achieve intercultural and international learning environments of quality, social relevance, and long-term social benefit, we need to rethink how internationalization perspectives are integrated in teacher education courses.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Kefala, Zoi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Through the eyes of the disciplines: Student perspectives and positionings towards internationalisation-at-home2024In: European Journal of Higher Education, ISSN 2156-8235, E-ISSN 2156-8243, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 249-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates around internationalisation-at-home (IaH) focus on the benefits accrued to students from the integration of internationalisation dimensions in their studies, curricular developments and interactions with international students, but, with scant attention to how these vary in different subject areas. In this article, we focus on the disciplinary experiences and framings of internationalisation from the perspectives of students in two Swedish universities. Drawing on 67 interviews with students sampled across different subject areas, we examine how the disciplinary definitions of study objects and pedagogic approaches filter the students’ experiences and shape their views around IaH, and their ambitions for the future. Our findings suggest first, a discipline-specific set of positionings regarding the nature of subject areas as lenses through which internationalisation is understood. Second, the students hold strong views around the contribution of IaH in strengthening the disciplines themselves. In addition, the student voices paint a dynamic picture of internationalisation positions, not always consistent with disciplinary stereotypes.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Lange, Bettina
    Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford, UK.
    Deflecting European Union Influence on National Education Policy-Making: The Case of the United Kingdom2013In: Journal of European Integration, ISSN 0703-6337, E-ISSN 1477-2280, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 37-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how education policies developed in the European Union (EU) through the open method of co-ordination (OMC) are received at the member state level of the United Kingdom (UK). We argue that the UK’s response to the education OMC can be understood mainly in terms of deflecting EU influence on the process and in particular content of national education policy-making. We focus on three manifestations of deflecting EU influence on national education policies. On a level of institutional structures, first, few organizational resources are made available for responding to the education OMC. Second, there is limited communication between domestic policy teams and UK civil servants involved in international work. Third, on a level of discourse UK education policy makers have retained a commitment to the continued sovereignty of the UK over education policy and its role as a potential leader of education policy agendas in the EU. Deflecting the education OMC involves here constructing images of ‘fit’ between UK and EU OMC education policies.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Lange, Bettina
    Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
    Europeanizing the National Education Space?: adjusting to the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in the UK2015In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 157-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the reception of the education Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in the UK as an aspect of Europeanization of national administrations. It addresses relationships between political and administrative actors in the process of responding to the education OMC. We argue that despite progress with institutionalization of the education OMC at the EU level, there is limited institutionalization of the education OMC at the national level. Against the backdrop of UK skepticism about engaging with the EU integration project, the interesting finding is the administrative strategies employed for deflecting EU influence on the national education space.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Lundahl, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Reforming Swedish education through New Public Management and quasi-markets2016In: New public management and the reform of education: European lessons for policy and practice / [ed] Helen M. Gunter, Emiliano Grimaldi, David Hall and Roberto Serpieri, Abdingon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016, p. 66-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Lundahl, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science. University of Turku.
    The boundaries of policy learning and the role of ideas: Sweden, as a reluctant policy learner?2019In: Beyond erziehungswissenschaftlicher Grenzen: Diskurse zu Entgrenzungen der Disziplin / [ed] Ulrike Stadler-Altmann & Barbara Gross, Opladen: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag GmbH, 2019, p. 63-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter aims to bring the study of ideas into the analysis of education policy and governance, and to explore their transfer, dissemination and feedback between the international and national policy making arenas. In a globalised education context, policy ideas about education often reflect changes in the dynamic relations between society and schooling – manifested for example in the pursuit of the knowledge economy as the future paradigm underpinning education reforms. Across Europe and other parts of the world, new policy ideas about education have driven major restructuring projects that dismantled older forms of schooling and welfare provision. Invariably, these have been replaced by new ways of defining education policy problems that draw on the market place as a new social and policy space where knowledge and policy solutions are contextualised and utilised differently to the norms of the past. The shifts in the assumptions about education policy knowledge and policy ideas, raise a number of interesting questions, such as, what produces policy changes in education systems and what is the influence of international actors? And, who are the agents of change in education reforms? Our ambition in this chapter is to connect some of these issues to the restructuring of Swedish education over the last 30 years. Sweden underwent a radical shift in the early 1990s from strong central state governing of education and very few private schools to a highly decentralized system promoting school choice and competition between public as well as private actors. Based on generous vouchers and liberal authorization rules, the private school sector expanded at a high pace, particularly in the 2000s. Allowing profit-making without demands on re-investment in schools, education has increasingly attracted large limited liability companies – something that makes the Swedish case out¬standing in an international comparison (Lundahl et al. 2013; Alexiadou, Lundahl & Rönnberg 2019). In this chapter, we discuss if and to what extent the introduction and continuation of school choice and marketization policies in Sweden were guided by policy learning from external actors, in particular supranational organizations such as the European Union and the OECD.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Lundahl, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Shifting logics: education and privatisation the Swedish way2019In: Challenges for public education: reconceptualising educational leadership, policy and social justice as resources for hope / [ed] Jane Wilkinson, Richard Niesche and Scott Eacott, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 116-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last 40 years, many countries have launched radical reforms of their public education systems in a neoliberal direction that emphasises a mixed economy of schooling. The reforms have been accompanied by discourses of ‘a crisis’ of the public sector, and shared broadly similar elements of varying degrees of decentralisation and new public management (NPM), choice, competition and the introduction of private actors and interests in public education. Much social policy and education research on marketisation reforms has focused on Anglo-Saxon countries, where institutional changes towards more choice and competition have led to a similar dismantling of the welfare state. This has included turning citizens (students, parents) into customers, with all the resulting implications for ethnically and socio-economically based differentiation (Cahill & Hall, 2014; Campbell et al., 2009; Clarke et al., 2007; Roda & Stuart Wells, 2013). However, despite the numerous similarities in the direction of education reforms, the existing literature on marketisation does not capture the peculiarities of the Nordic education policy settings, where choice and competition coexist with a strong sense of education as a public good.

  • 38.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Norberg, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Roma, Education, and Higher Education policies: The International Context and the Case of Sweden2015Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Norberg, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Sweden’s Double Decade for Roma Inclusion: An Examination of Education Policy in Context2017In: European Education: Issues and Studies, ISSN 1056-4934, E-ISSN 1944-7086, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 36-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the Swedish Strategy for Roma Inclusion. Drawing on interviews and documentary materials produced around the Strategy by official sources and Roma organizations, we describe its background, rationale, and evolution, as well as the rifts it has revealed around the issues of minority representation and the framing of inclusion. We describe the Strategy as a framework for education policy, aligned with the European Framework for Roma integration, and discuss it in relation to issues of representation, inclusion, and policy formation. We argue that, at the discursive level, the Strategy has engaged positively with the politics of Roma inclusion and has introduced a number of new issues in the public debate. However, at the same time it has given rise to policy tensions that reflect inadequate representation of and discussions with Roma stakeholders. For policy makers this has presented opportunities to rethink the design of the Strategy and to opt for an open final text that allows for a more versatile and flexible set of policy options to emerge at the local level.

  • 40.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science. Umeå University, Sweden.
    Rambla, Xavier
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain.
    Education policy governance and the power of ideas in constructing the new European Education Area2023In: European Educational Research Journal, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 852-869Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty years after the Lisbon strategy, education policy in the European Union (EU) is at a critical juncture, with a new set of strategic goals endorsed for the 2021–2030 decade. This article examines the complex interplay of ideas, institutions and actors, in articulating education policy priorities in the new European Education Area (EEA). Drawing on documentary reviews and interviews with policy actors in the European Commission and the Council of the European Union, we trace the rise and fall of policy ideas in the new framework. The negotiations over the definition of EEA reveal new tensions between and within European institutions over specific policy ideas, with “lifelong learning” and “gender” as the most controversial ones. Continuing, longstanding tensions between the education and employment fields remain, and present adifficulty for the construction of a comprehensive and cohesive education policy program.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Global ideas and their national embeddedness: the case of Swedish education policy2019In: Austerity and the remaking of European education / [ed] Anna Traianou and Ken Jones, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, p. 93-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Reading the internationalisation imperative in higher education institutions: external contexts and internal positionings2023In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 351-369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has actively pursued internationalisation policies at national level, in parallel to the pursuit of internationalisation strategies of individual universities. Thisarticle focuses on university responses towards internationalisation, and the inter -play between external higher education environments and institutional positioning.We draw on empirical qualitative research in two of Sweden’s largest universities, toexamine institutional responses to internationalisation, expressed through documen-tary material and interviews with 32 senior leaders. Our findings suggest that theglobal research environment acts as a strong discursive driver for internationalisa-tion actions, manifested in the strategic partnerships pursued by the two institutions.An equally powerful driver, is the national higher education sector as a context ofconstant comparisons and competition but also as a source of collaborative learningand exchange. The two universities exhibit strategic autonomy in their reading ofthe internationalisation imperative, and in constructing their actions and responses,although these are significantly framed by size and geography. In the Swedish highereducation landscape, these two dimensions constitute a constraining physical anddiscursive context, underpinning the links between a global, internationalised envi-ronment, and the universities’ self-image and positioning.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 43.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Transcending borders in higher education: Internationalisation policies in Sweden2022In: European Educational Research Journal, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 504-519Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the national and European policy contexts that shaped the Swedish internationalisation agenda in higher education since 2000, the policy ideas that were mobilised to promote it, and the national priorities that steered higher education debates. The analysis highlights how domestic and European policy priorities, as well as discourses around increasing global economic reach and building solidarity across the world, have produced an internationalisation strategy that is distinctly ‘national’. Drawing on the analysis of the most recent internationalisation strategies we argue that the particular Swedish approach to internationalisation has its ideational foundations in viewing higher education as a political instrument to promote social mobility and justice, as well as a means to develop economic competitiveness and employability capacity. In addition, internationalisation has been used to legitimise national reform goals, but also as a policy objective on its own with the ambition to position Sweden as a competitive knowledge nation in a global context.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Stadler Altmann, Ulrike
    Free University of Bolzano, Italy.
    Early childhood education research in Europe: Contexts, policies, and ideas2020In: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 89-93Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From the very north to the south of Europe, the national examples of early childhood education research reported here address remarkably similar issues around the definition of core values in early childhood education, and their impact on pedagogical work in preschools. Policy histories and frameworks matter, since they define the parameters within which these definitions take place and they determine resources given to preschool provision. Our collection demonstrates the significance of ideas and cultural frames as factors that often act independently to develop professional practice in different directions (see also, Löfdahl Hultman & Margrain, 2019; White, 2002). Education policy and policy reforms are formed often without the participation of professional educators, but they are mediated by practitioners who exercise significant discretion in how they implement them in their everyday work. Since education policy reforms are the result of a social negotiation process, the reforms reflect ideal, but also traditional and normative views on ECE. In this respect, the approaches in the European countries presented here do not show great divergence. Where we do observe stronger differences, is in the ideas of educators around professional autonomy, practice, as well as certain social values. We find that, the success or failure of reforms in early childhood education depends on the extent to which the policy process accounts for not just administrative new requirements, but also the features of the institutional contexts of ECE, their historical evolution in different national contexts, and the role of ideas around the goals and purposes of the sector. Second, no new policy can be effectively applied, with positive transformative effects for young children’s lives, without the active participation of preschool educators in the process. As all the cases in this special issue illustrate, education change aimed to achieve any preschool policy goal (new assessment, inclusive classrooms, gender equality, children’s agency) is a social process that requires professional engagement and learning, and in some cases a transformation of the attitudes of the educators themselves.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Van de Bunt-Kokhuis, Sylvia
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Policy space and the governance of education: transnational influences on institutions and identities in the Netherlands and the UK2013In: Comparative Education, ISSN 0305-0068, E-ISSN 1360-0486, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 344-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a comparative analysis of two country-specific cases. The comparative analysis is situated within the broad domain of the changing knowledge economy landscape for educational policy. The two cases examine the transfer, embedding and enactment of policies during the interactions between supranational, national, institutional and individual levels. Case study one concerns policy transfers and their mediation between the EU and the national levels, drawing from empirical research on the UK. Case study two explores the experience and interpretation of higher education mobility practices from the point of view of individual mobile academics located in, or connected to, the Dutch frameworks of higher education. We employ the concept of space to illuminate the effects on education policy and practice of the changing relationships between the national and inter-, supranational levels of discourse and practice. Our central thesis is that even though EU member states have lost sovereign power over defining education goals and outcomes, hindering dynamics remain. The extent to which policies and discourses from ‘outside’ the national level are integrated and adopted ‘within’ depends on the interaction between education–political discourses with existing institutionalised practices. In the case of the EU education policies we observe a weak form of policy transfer to the national level. In the UK there is a combination of a dense institutional field in education and a Eurosceptic political discourse. In the Dutch case of individual academics, on the other hand, we found a positive discourse around international academic mobility. A moderately adapted set of regulatory frameworks and emerging support structures facilitate to varying degrees the Dutch practice of academic mobility.

  • 46.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Clinical Skills Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro.
    Berndtzon, Magnus
    Metodikum – Skill Centre of Medical Simulation Region County Jönköping, Jönköping.
    Carlzon, Liisa
    Simulation Centre West, Department of Research, Education and Development, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Edelbring, Samuel
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Hult, Håkan
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Hultin, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology.
    Karlgren, Klas
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Masiello, Italo
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset Hospital, Stockholm.
    Södersved Källestedt, Marie-Louise
    Clinical Skills Centre, Centre for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Västerås.
    Tamás, Éva
    Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Institute of Medicine and Health, Medical Faculty, University of Linköping, Linköping.
    Confident but not theoretically grounded: experienced simulation educators’ perceptions of their own professional development2017In: Advances in Medical Education and Practice, E-ISSN 1179-7258, no 8, p. 99-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Medical simulation enables the design of learning activities for competency areas (eg, communication and leadership) identi ed as crucial for future health care professionals. Simulation educators and medical teachers follow different career paths, and their education backgrounds and teaching contexts may be very different in a simulation setting. Although they have a key role in facilitating learning, information on the continuing professional development (pedagogical development) of simulation educators is not available in the literature. Objectives: To explore changes in experienced simulation educators’ perceptions of their own teaching skills, practices, and understanding of teaching over time.

    Methods: A qualitative exploratory study. Fourteen experienced simulation educators partici- pated in individual open-ended interviews focusing on their development as simulation educators. Data were analyzed using an inductive thematic analysis. Results: Marked educator development was discerned over time, expressed mainly in an altered way of thinking and acting. Five themes were identi ed: shifting focus, from following to utilizing a structure, setting goals, application of technology, and alignment with profession. Being con dent in the role as an instructor seemed to constitute a foundation for the instructor’s pedagogical development.

    Conclusion: Experienced simulation educators’ pedagogical development was based on self- con dence in the educator role, and not on a deeper theoretical understanding of teaching and learning. This is the rst clue to gain increased understanding regarding educational level and possible education needs among simulation educators, and it might generate several lines of research for further studies. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Almarlind, Pia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Social moderation for equality and justice: Teacher Collaboration when assessing and grading in higher education2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Almarlind, Pia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Abrahamsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    De nationella ämnesproven för åk 9, 2009-2012. Reflektioner.​​2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreläsningen presenterar resultat, analyser och slutsatser från de fyra genomförda ämnesproven, 2009-2012, enligt Lpo94. Utifrån erfarenheter från ämnesproven 2009-2012 presenteras därefter en inblick i de nya ämnesproven enligt Lgr11, så som provens utformning, följt av en diskussion om de utmaningar, möjligheter och problem som proven medför.

  • 49.
    Almarlind, Pia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Abrahamsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Åström, Patric
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    How to develop and design valid, innovative and complex computer-based items?: Discussion, sharing experiences and working with innovative item types in a digital environment2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden the national tests are designed as a paper-based assessment, but some test parts give students the opportunity to present their proficiency orally and practically. In Sweden different universities are responsible for developing the national tests, commissioned by the National Agency of Education. In 2016 some universities were assigned to start the development of item examples for digital national tests. The idea is to gradually introduce digital national tests between 2018 and 2022. The tests are intended to measure student proficiency in relation to the Swedish curriculum and work as a support for consistent national assessment and grading.

    A project group at Umeå University, which is responsible for the national science tests, has started work on a test model for a digital national test in science. The test model is supposed to be aligned with the curriculum and fulfil its national aim. The project group also wishes to fully challenge item types in the digital sphere, where e.g. animations, film clips such as courses of events and simulations are available.

    The project group has in their process been inspired by the released digital item examples from PISA (http://www.oecd.org/pisa/test/other-languages/) and SimScientists (http://simscientists.org/home/index.php). Inspiration also comes from ATC21S (Griffin, Patrick, McGaw, Barry, Care, Esther (Eds.) 2012 and (http://www.atc21s.org/). The project group now wishes to be part of a larger network for further development work.

    Questions like what do different countries’ test systems look like, how do they build and ensure the quality of different item examples in a digital sphere, what do innovative digital item examples look like and how are they developed, need to be answered.

    In the first session of the workshop the presenters will give an overview of the Swedish test system and will present what some concrete examples of innovative paper-based items in science look like in the tests.

    In the second session the participants will have an opportunity to present some concrete examples of innovative items and share their knowledge, experiences and issues concerning the development and design of different types of innovative items in a paper-based and/or a computer-based test system. In this session the participants also will get the opportunity to answer the items. This opportunity will bring space for wider reflections around the developing potentiality.

    The third session will focus on collaboration and development of ideas. During this session the participants will work in small groups with practical tasks. The purpose is to develop concrete suggestions of ideas for some selected items, and see how the digital format can be used to given the purpose of the items e.g. start formulating items based on ideas presented in earlier sessions and develop items from new ideas. 

    In the fourth session each group will will be given an opportunity to provide feedback concerning the items discussed in session 3 in terms of opportunities, constraints, challenges and threats.

    Finally we will summarize the sessions by discussing what to bear in mind when developing different types of innovative computer-based items, how to move forward and how to create a future international network.

  • 50.
    Almarlind, Pia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Lind Pantzare, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Swedish national tests in science: assessment of students in a 21st century world2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has since 2009 had national tests for school year nine in the science (i.e. biology, physics and chemistry). These tests aim to assess the three competencies described in the curricula namely, review information, communicate and take a stand in questions related to the subject, conduct systematic investigations and use concepts theories and models to explain connections. Beginning from the end, the third competence is assessed trough a constructed response test, a test that can be seen as rather traditional science test. The second competence is assessed through a practical investigation that the students plan, conduct and evaluate. The first competence is assessed by a more complex item where the students are served some information which they are supposed to review and use in their argumentation when they take a stand. These tests include a lot of the competences aimed at when discussing assessment for the 21st century world; creativity, critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and decision-making.

    The assessment of laboratory work has been an obligatory part of the national tests from the beginning in 2009. Despite all problems with the practical handling in the school there has been an important part of the aim that the national tests should be exemplary. If the tests do not include a practical test why should the schools work with laboratory work in class? There was also statistics indicating that many of the schools did not work practical at all.

    When the new curriculum was introduced 2011 the competence to communicate was highlighted. Beside the more general definitions of communication several of the syllabi included a subject specific communication component. In the first version of the tests developed in relation to the new curriculum there has been a part assessing the students’ ability to communicate. In these items the students are supposed to scrutinize and analyse given information, communicate and make a decision. The items are connected to questions concerning energy, environment, resource use and health. One of the challenges is to really assess science communication and not communication in general.

    In this presentation we will discuss the rationales for this test model and show how the assessment looks like.

1234567 1 - 50 of 1640
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf