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  • 1.
    Abdali Cabrera, Nadia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Linn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socionomstudenters välbefinnande: En studie om studenternas psykosociala välbefinnande vid Umeå Universitet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Studien syftade till att kartlägga och beskriva hur det psykosociala välbefinnandet såg ut bland socionomstudenterna vid Umeå universitet.  Tidigare forskning visar på att nedsatt välbefinnande är vanligt bland studenter.  Genom att undersöka studenternas psykosociala studiesituation i relation till deras subjektiva och objektiva välbefinnande kartlades en bild av hur det ser ut på socionomprogrammet. Studien omfattar alla campusstuderande terminer vid Umeå universitet. Krav-, kontroll- och stödmodellen har använts för att beskriva studenternas psykosociala arbetsmiljö och General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12) användes för att mäta studenternas välbefinnande. En enkät skickades ut till samtliga studenter, vilken innehöll kvantitativa och kvalitativa inslag. Resultaten visar att 47,2% av studenterna har ett nedsatt välbefinnande samt att 64,2 % upplevde lätta eller svåra upplevelser av ångest, oro eller ängslan. Majoriteten av studenterna hade besvär med sömnen och visade på trötthetstecken som huvudvärk samt upplevde stress i relation till sina studier. Ju högre stress studenten upplever desto sämre välbefinnande. Studenterna visade på högt eget inflytande över sina studier (94,6%) samt att de kan hantera de krav som ställs på dem (97,3%).

  • 2.
    Abiib, Ahmed
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson Garellick, Filip
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Haines Gärding, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pojkar och Mäns heder - Finns den?: En kvalitativ studie om mäns utsatthet i hedersrelaterade förhållanden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3. Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    et al.
    Krantz, Ingela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Warsame, Marian
    'It's only a tradition': making sense of eradication interventions and the persistence of female 'circumcision' within a Swedish context2004In: Critical Social Policy, ISSN 0261-0183, E-ISSN 1461-703X, Vol. 24, no 1, 50-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper questions why female circumcision (FC) persists despite eradication interventions and the migration of people to non-practising countries and discusses the reasoning of Somali immigrants on female circumcision. It is based on interviews with diverse groups and individuals in the Somali community, mostly refugees in Sweden. Paradoxes implying denial and avoidance emerged. Female circumcision was described, as just 'a tradition' that has little to do with Islam. The fear of bringing up an uncircumcised daughter in the liberal sexual morality of Sweden was mentioned as a dilemma. Circumcised women said the health care they received during pregnancy and childbirth was poor while the law failed to take account of the experiences of the Somali people. We conclude that rather than eradication, interventions seem to have silenced and stigmatized the practice due to their failure to take account of its meanings, organization and contexts, including the diasporic dynamics within which immigrants negotiate identities.

  • 4.
    Ahlstrand, Johannes
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svedberg, Josefin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kuratorers tankar om relationens betydelse i samtalsbehandling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med denna kandidatuppsats är att utforska hur professionella hjälpare inom psykiatrin i Norrland etablerar och upprätthåller hjälpande relationer samt vilken syn de har på betydelsen av relationen för behandlingens utfall. I studien intervjuades fyra kuratorer som var anställda på psykiatriska kliniken i Norrland, varav två kvinnor och två män som representerade olika mottagningar. Det insamlade materialet analyserades med hjälp av en hermeneutisk metod och strukturerades upp med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkom det att intervjupersonerna såg relationen som väldigt viktig, både för att få till stånd en behandling men också för att upprätthålla en pågående behandling. Relationen i sig ansågs vara en bärare av hjälpen såväl som en hjälp i sig. Vi fann också att relationskompetens är en nödvändighet för att en behandling ska fungera. Begrepp som lyftes var autenticitet, att behandlaren är genuin, vågar visa känslor och reaktioner gentemot patienten. Ännu en faktor som särskilt påtalades var vikten av att som behandlare ha ett icke-dömande förhållningssätt gentemot patienten och se denne på ett realistiskt vis, vilket innebär att behandlaren ser patienten för den person den är.

  • 5.
    Ahlström, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Höög, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Measuring the social and civic objectives of schools2010In: School Leadership: International Perspectives / [ed] Stephan Huber, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2010, 19-37 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Ahmad, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Athman Nadir, Soma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En kvalitativ studie om hur socialtjänsten i en mellanstor kommun kan arbeta med kvinnor som är över 18 år och blivit utsatta för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur socialtjänsten i en mellanstor kommun kan arbeta med kvinnor som är över 18 år och blivit utsatta för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck. Studien riktar sig in på de insatser som kan erbjudas, hur utredningsarbetet kan se ut samt belysa socialsekreterares upplevelse kring den kundkap de har om hedersrelaterat våld och hederkultur. Kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra socialsekreterare i en mellanstor kommun i Sverige genomfördes om står för studiens empiri. Det resultat som har framkommit är bl a att de insaser som finns är främst i form av skydd tex kvinnojourer och skyddad identitet. insatserna sker i samband med utredningsarbete där socialsekreteraren tillsammns med klienten kommer överens om lämplig insats. Gällande socialarbetarnas kunskap om hederskultur upplever vissa att deras kunskap inte är tillräcklig medan andra tyker att deras kunskap är tillräcklig. Detta då de anser att kunskapen är tillgänglig och nära till hands om de vill använda sig av den via t.ex. kollegor och specialister inom området. Ett tydligt samband utmärktes mellan kulturkompetens och val av insats.

  • 7.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Influence in elderly and disability care2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Influence in elderly and disability care

    Care for elderly and care for persons with disabilities are two sectors in the welfare state, aiming to give support, care and service when needed. There are both similarities and differences between the two sectors, our interest is how the concept influence has been discussed and understood in this both sectors. Influence is regulated in the Swedish Social Service Act and in the act concerning Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments but is operationalized in different ways in care for elderly and care for persons with disabilities. It is for example much more concrete described for the care of persons with disabilities. In the care for elderly, influence is described in a more general way whit diffuse terminology.

    The aim with the presentation is to discus differences and similarities in relation to influence and its consequences for the every day life. Laws, policies and previous research are discussed as is interviews with personnel working in respectively sector focusing on their descriptions of what they do at work. Our results show that personnel in the care for persons with disabilities include their clients in their work, influence is more visible for that group, and it is something obvious to consider at work in relation to participation and influence in ones own life. For the personnel in the care for elderly, influence is not as visible as a concept and when they talk about their work, they talk about routines and organisational needs. Our conclusions are that organisational guidelines as well as laws and policy decisions creates different opportunities to make influence for clients possible. 

  • 8.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Omsorg som arbete: Om utbildning, arbetsmiljö och relationer i äldre- och handikappomsorgen2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: At the central administrative level in Sweden, care work is presented as a complex task for which personnel require special qualifications. In elderly care, questions of training and qualifications form the highly topical theme noticed by central actors. According to The National Board of Health and Welfare, the supply of manpower and the educational levels of the workers are the most important factors in ensuring high quality care for the elderly. The question of educational levels is, however, with the exception of personal assistants, not given as much attention in care for people with disabilities.

    Aim: The aim of this dissertation is firstly to compare elderly care and care for persons with disabilities with the focus to describe and analyse education and work environment in these sectors. Secondly, the aim is to analyse if, and if so how, questions of education interacts with personnel’s view of the social work environment.

    Methods: The thesis is comprised of four studies and paper 1, 2 and 3 are based on the results of a qualitative interview study, which was comprised of 48 persons who worked in elderly care and the care for persons with disabilities. Of the 48 persons who took part in the study, 11 of them worked as middle managers and 37 worked as care workers in the every day care. Paper 4 consists of a research summary on how education for care workers is being studied in a Swedish and an international context.

    The personnel who participated in the interview study work in different care settings; in elderly care the personnel work in both sheltered housing and public home care services. In the care for disabled persons, the personnel work in residential housing with special services, in public daily activities for people with intellectual disabilities and as personal assistants.

    Result: Both managers and personnel find it important for care workers to have a degree of educational background as a basis for the learning process at the work place. The results also show that educational levels and the work environment are themes that are discussed differently by different actors. In previous research on education for care workers in both elderly care and the care for People with disabilities, academic education or education at a ground level has been seen as problematic due to the distance it is said to create between the worker and the care recipient. My results show that the discussion about education for care workers has become rather biased, and that highly educated personnel tend to be more aware of the power they possesses and that the relation to the care receiver is important. In elderly care the issue of education seems to be more a question of a general educational level. In the care for people with disabilities, the question of education for personnel is on a more individual basis, where the care workers learn together with the care recipient. Educational levels, the work environment and relations with colleagues and care recipients are connected and support from the managers is important for understanding the work and the relational perspective.

  • 9.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Utbildning och mångfald2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, 179-192 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Snellman, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sundström, Madelene
    NCK.
    Heimer, Gun
    NCK.
    Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual, Physical, and Psychological Violence Against Women and Men of 60 to 74 Years in Sweden2017In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Past-year sexual, physical, and psychological violence against women and men aged 60 to 74 years was studied. The data derived from a nationally representative survey on violence in which approximately 2,800 women and men aged 60 to 74 years in Sweden participated. Women were significantly more likely to have been subjected to at least one form of violence in the past year. The prevalence of sexual violence as well as systematic and repeated psychological violence was found to be significantly higher for women than for men. Sexual violence was the most common form of violence against women. Systematic and repeated psychological violence was the most common form of violence against men. Additional gender differences were found in relation to victim characteristics. While associations among women were found between violence victimization and sociodemographic characteristics, health as well as social capital, only health-related characteristics were found to be associated with past-year violence victimization among men. Among women, economic problems, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, lack of trust in other people, and not having anyone to talk to were associated with violence victimization. Poor psychological health and an at-risk consumption of alcohol were found to be associated with violence victimization among men. The results highlight the importance of research on violence victimization to assess gender differences also when inquiring into the situation among persons in older generations. The results also indicate practical implications for caring professions; the need to inquire into the experiences of violence among older persons and to pay particular attention to these characteristics when encountering women and men in this age interval.

  • 11.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Omvårdnadsutbildning som mål eller medel?: Om legitimitetsproblem och kunskapssyn2006In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 13, no 3, 212-227 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Utbildning och kompetensfrågor för äldre- och handikappomsorgens personal: En forskningsöversikt2008In: Tidskriften Socionomens forskningsöversikt, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, 70-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Inflytande2016In: Förändringsperspektiv på äldreomsorgen.: Att leva som andra. / [ed] Johansson, Stina & Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 1, 119-128 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fifflarens personlighet: en studie om personlighetsdragets betydelse vid ekonomisk brottslighet2002Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Ali, Ahmed
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Woldu, Tekle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ungas röster: En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande flyktingbarns upplevelser av insatser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to assess how unaccompanied refugee children experience the efforts from different authorities, and how those efforts can be improved from the childrens own perspective to facialitate the integraion process. The emphasis is directed towards the services the children receive from social workers, accommodations, trustee/custodian and schools. To answer our question formulation, we´ve used a qualitative approach, and to process the data we utilized qualitative content analysis. The result indicates that the interviewees perceives the academic institution, living circumstances, trustee and social workers as the conterstones to establishing themserlves successfully, The interviewees are mostly satisfied with the efforts put forth by the trusteem social worker and accommodation, on the other hand, the result also show serveral shortcomings by the academic institutions. The result of this study was analyzed on the basis of prior research, and the discussion was powered by our point of views and conslusions of this study.

  • 16.
    Almgård, Annelie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Broadhall, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Thyselius, Nils
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    När kvantitet blir kvalitet: En sammanställning och utvärdering av det kvalitetsinriktade datamaterialet vid socialtjänstens vuxenenhet i Umeå2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att studera hur ingången till socialtjänstens arbete med vuxna kan se ut i en svensk kommun samt hur karaktäristiska, så som ålder, kön och ansöknings- eller anmälningsorsak, hos ärenden och målgruppen förändras över tid.Metoden som användes var kvantitativ, en så kallad fallstudie, och materialet som studien grundades på är data insamlad vid socialtjänstens vuxenenhet i Umeå. Dessa bestod av utskrivna Excel-ark som fyllts i av enhetschefen för hand och materialet täcker två tolvmånadersperioder (juli 2006 - juli 2007, juli 2010 - juni 2011).

    Resultatet visade att den vanligaste ålderskategorin för båda perioderna är 21-25 år med en medelålder för kvinnor på 39 år och män 37,5 år den första perioden (2006/2007). För den senare perioden (2010/2011) var medelåldern 39,5 för kvinnor och 38,6 för män. Männen utgjorde en större del av klientgruppen båda perioderna, och den vanligaste förekommande aktualiseringsorsaken för båda könen och perioderna var alkohol (lika vanligt förekommande som narkotika för män 2006/2007). Ärenden blev i hög utsträckning fördelade till ansvarig socialsekreterare samma vecka som ärendet inkommit till enheten. Den längsta tiden innan ett ärende fördelades var år (2006/2007). Ärenden blev i hög utsträckning fördelade till ansvarig socialsekreterare samma vecka som ärendet inkommit till enheten. Den längsta tiden innan ett ärende fördelades var år 2006/2007 144 dagar och år 2010/2011 127 dagar. Resultatet presenteras i tabeller och diagram.

  • 17.
    Almér Tegström, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hedenljung, Rebecca
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vi är varandras arbetsmiljö: En kvalitativ studie av hur enhetschefer för hemtjänstverksamhet arbetar med social och organisatorisk arbetsmiljö.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kandidatuppsats handlar om enhetschefers upplevelse av sina medarbetares sociala och organisatoriska arbetsmiljö. Studien syftar till att belysa och kartlägga hur enhetschefter inom hemtjänstverksamheten i en mellanstor kommun definierar, upplever och arbetar med sina medarbetares sociala och organisatoriska arbetsmiljö. Detta genom att undersöka och beskriva vad enhetscheferna själva ser som förutsättningar för en god arbetsmiljö, men även att kunna belysa vilka aspekter som kan försvåra arbetsmiljö arbetet.

    Studien har en induktiv ansats och ett kvalitativt tillvägagångssätt och genomförs genom fallstudier. Fyra stycken enhetschefer inom hemtjänstverksamhetetn i en mellanstor kommun intervjuades genom semistrukturerade intervjuer för att besvara studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Genom en innehållsanalys härleddes resultat ur intervjuerna vilket i sin tur ställdes i relation till Karaskes & Theorells (1990) krav, kontroll och stöd modell.

    Slutsatserna som presenteras belyser enhetschefernas inverkan på medarbetarnas arbetsmiljö, där ses vikten av att enhetscheferna verkar som ett gott socialt stöd genom att se och bekräfta sina medarbetare i en verksamhet där arbetssituationen kan vara pressad.

  • 18.
    Alsén, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den dolda ytan: En kvalitativ studie om myndighetsutövande personals strategier i arbetet med vuxna missbrukare2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka synsätt och strategier i arbetet med vuxna missbrukare hos myndighetsutövande personal inom socialtjänsten. Bakgrunden till studien är att det finns ett inneboende dilemma med att som myndighetsutövande personal, dels arbeta som en representant för en myndighet med ramar som begränsar och dels arbeta i direktkontakt med medborgarna som ska ha hjälp. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ metod, med intervjuer, där fem myndighetsutövande personal i tre olika kommuner i södra Sverige intervjuades. Som teoretisk utgångspunkt för att analysera empirin har Michael Lipskys teoretiska begrepp street-level bureaucrats använts. Studiens resultat stämmer i stort överens med vad den tidigare forskningen säger inom området och de teoretiska begrepp som har använts. Huvudslutsatsen i studien är att myndighetsutövande personal som jobbar med missbruk använder sig av i huvudsakligen två olika synsätt och strategier som beror på klientens grad av missbruksproblem. När en klient anses ha lättare missbruksproblematik hänvisas de till kommunens egna öppenvård. När en klient har tyngre missbruksproblematik används en rad olika insatser som framförallt beror på olika klientegenskaper.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lindberg, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brott i media: En studie av medias framställning av brottspåföljder och kriminella individer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Andersson, Frida
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kvick, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Jag skulle aldrig bli som dem": En kvalitativ studie om missbrukares motivation till drogfrihet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Studien syftar till att undersöka vad som stärker respektive hämmar motivationen till drogfrihet hos personer med missbruk samt vilken relevans identitet och socialt nätverk har för den processen. Tidigare forskning har visat på vikten av motivation för att möjliggöra de förändringar som krävs för att kunna lämna missbruket bakom sig.

    Denna studie är av explorativ induktiv karaktär med kvalitativa intervjuer som utgångspunkt. Fem intervjuer utfördes med individer på HVB- eller LVM-hem som haft ett självutnämnt missbruk under minst fem år.

    Resultaten visade att samtliga deltagare beskrev sig själv som ensamma efter att de sagt upp kontakten med majoriteten av sina vänner. Ju längre de varit i missbruket desto svårare var det för dem att förstå vem de var innan och vem de skulle komma att bli under avhållsamhet. Orsaken till att deltagarna ville bli drogfri berodde till största del på familjemedlemmar som de inte ville skada mer. Mindre fokus lades på deras personliga fördelar som avhållsamhet skulle kunna innebära. Några av deltagarna upplevde sig själv som värdelösa, en last för samhället och samtliga inom familjen.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Frida
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lindberg, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kurator inom hälso- och sjukvården: En kvalitativ studie om kuratorns upplevda arbetssituation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur kuratorer inom hälso- och sjukvårdens upplevda arbetssituation ser ut. Studien tar upp olika faktorer som påverkar kuratorn i dennes arbete, bland annat faktorer som stress, arbetsmiljö, delaktighet samt yrkesrollens status för att nämna några. Kuratorn beskrivs som en ensamprofession i ett medicinskt kontext och med den här studien försöker vi få en bild av hur detta kan påverka kuratorerna i deras arbetssituation. Genom en kvalitativ ansats med sex semistrukturerade intervjuer tillsammans med kuratorer från hälso- och sjukvården har vi fått fram vårt resultat. Resultatet har sedan analyserats med hjälp av Grundad teori. Resultatet visar bland annat att flera kuratorer inom hälso- och sjukvården upplever en hierarki mellan de olika professionerna på sin arbetsplats. Respondenterna i studien anser att en yrkeslegitimation skulle kunna göra skillnad för statusen på socionomyrket. Resultaten visar också att både den fysiska och psykiska arbetsmiljön påverkar kuratorerna i deras dagliga arbete. Respondenterna lyfter även fram hur viktigt det är med delaktighet och påverkan, både kring deras egen arbetssituation men också verksamheten i stort.

  • 22.
    Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundmark, Felicia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En studie om ungdomars psykiska välbefinnande med hjälp av GHQ-122016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det gäller att hushålla med kommunens resurser: biståndsbedömares syn på äldres sociala behov2004In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 11, no 3-4, 275-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det ligger i tiden: Tid för rutiner i omsorgsarbetet?2006In: Tid för utveckling?, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2006, 25- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Freedom of choice in Swedish public care of the elderly: a care-worker perspective on the challanges of care and care work2013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam , 2013, 1, 170-189 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Myndighetsutövning i äldreomsorgen: att skapa likhet i äldres behov?2007In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete, Gleerups, Malmö , 2007, 21- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Paradoxes of gender in elderly care: the case of men as care workers in Sweden2012In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 30, no 3, 166-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish public system of elderly care is highly relevant for studying gender relations, specifically when male care workers are more frequently seen within this female-coded field of practice. In this article, qualitative interviews with male and female care workers, elderly women and men, and care managers are analysed to discover how they talk about care work and how gender is expressed, both implicitly and explicitly, in the materialization of care. By illuminating the dynamics of how gender is constructed and negotiated in the intersection of the different actors' perspectives, the paradoxes of gender appeared. The care workers' moral responsibility seemed to undermine equality between male and female care workers, and the elderly clients' gendered expectations and representations created inequality in care work. Furthermore, the gender-neutral assessments made by the care managers came to favour elderly men. Thus, the results suggest the importance of capturing the different perspectives in society's institutions, such as elderly care, in order to understand the complexities of gendered processes.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Röster från hemtjänsten2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, 164-178 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Valfrihet och mångfald: ett dilemma för hemtjänsten2010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 17, no 3-4, 308-325 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Äldreomsorg och kön2007In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete, Gleerups, Malmö , 2007, 18- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Biståndshandläggning och mötet med det främmande2017In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete: grunder och fördjupningar / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 1, 75-88 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Valfrihet som dilemma2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, 116-131 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Strategies to handle the challenges of intimacy in nighttime home care services2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 2, 219-230 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The provision of intimate and personal care constitutes a challenge for both careworkers and care recipients and is still a neglected area of research. An observational study of the interaction between the careworkers and care recipients in night-time home care services was conducted in a large municipality in Sweden. The results were analysed in light of previous research and theorising on strategies for handling intimacy in intimate care. The study highlights what appears to be a tension between the ways in which the recipient of care is conceptualised as an active consumer of care in present-day guidelines and the strategies chosen on the part of both caregivers and care recipients, when intimacy and integrity is most at stake, and framed as it is by the care recipients' situation of dependency and vulnerability. Home care services night-time was shown to be a case that markedly differs from many other settings of intimate care, but in the interactional routines intimate care came forth as a smooth and minimally obtrusive activity. The careworkers and care recipients engaged in strategies such as disattention, eye-discipline, middle-distance orientation, and objectification, thereby serving the purpose of balancing the transgressions of thresholds of intimacy.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Digital images as part of an implementation process: patterns in digital representations of community mental health service providers2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Systems for freedom of choice have been implemented as an organizational structure in public welfare in several western countries. The aim of the market model is to increase citizens’ freedom of choice, conduce diversification in service and providers of service, while contribute higher quality of service and facilitate efficient use of public funds. In Sweden “Act of Free Choice Systems” (2008:962) was introduced in 2009, and optional for municipalities to use. Several municipalities have opened up for both public and non-public providers for citizens’ to choose from in different welfare sectors. Mental health care was one of them. The implemented competitive market logic meant providers needed to promote themselves to attract users to be able to stay on the market.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe and analyse how public and non-public providers’ of community mental health care use digital pictures during the time of an implementation of a competitive market system in Sweden.

    Methods: A case study was conducted. A municipality was strategically selected because a free choice system was implemented in their community mental health care in 2010. Day centres, a common community mental health care support was selected to constitute the focus of the study. All providers had a digital space of their own at the municipality’s website. Digital pictures from each homepage were collected in 2012, when the new system had been running for a while. All pictures were included in the study. Pictures were transcribed using the semiotic model. Transcribed data was analysed with content analyse and categorized into themes. A frequency analysis was conducted to show similarities and differences in content.

    Results: Homepages showed between 0 and 88 digital pictures. Public providers displayed less pictures than non-public providers. The content analyse identified three main categories: 1. Presenting pictures 2. Illustrative pictures 3. Emotional intermediating pictures. The frequency analyse showed three main recurring contents: pastries (10 providers), flowers and trees (10 providers) and the building’s exterior (9 providers). Distinguishing pictures were; mountain climber (one provider), dogs at the Coffey table (two providers).

     Analyse/Discussion: Digital pictures seemed to fulfil different purposes; to present activities such as buildings and persons, to illustrate text and to convey feelings of growth, inclusion, participation and friendship. The most recurring picture content was interpreted as follows: pastries, as appealing to the sense of sweetness, something tasting good, homely, attractive; flowers and trees as appealing to growth, literal and symbolic; building’s exterior as representing the place physically. Mountain climber pictures were interpreted as appealing to adventure and excitement, dogs at the Coffey table as appealing to a wish for non-demanding fellowship, a wish for pets.

    Conclusion: Most providers used digital pictures in their promotion of themselves. Pictures were used in different ways and with different intentions. Non-public providers displayed more pictures than public providers. This might implicate non-public providers were more adjusted to the new competitive system where promotion was part of the game.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eklund, Mona
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Frames for choice and market characteristics - a Swedish case study of community mental health services in change2015In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 5, no 3, 227-243 p., 1059772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyse structural frames for choice, as well as characteristics of a free-choice market, implemented in community mental health services in Sweden. Day centres were focused. A case study was conducted. Documents were collected and semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-eight agents involved in the implementation process. Content analysis of data showed that users’ freedom of choice was influenced by detailed regulation. Freedom of choice was extended, but it was also substantially reduced. The gain or loss of freedom of choice depended on which aspects of the system were emphasised. Features, which could be interpreted as paternalistic, were once again structurally embedded, despite a system addressing individual freedom of choice. Further, the market did not seem to be adjusted for the average user of community mental health services.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eklund, Mona
    Lunds universitet.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Freedom of choice or cost efficiency?: the implementation of a free-choice market system in community mental health services in Sweden2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, no 2, 129-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study investigates the implementation of a free-choice market system in community mental health services using the example of day centres for people with psychiatric disabilities. It was conducted in a major city that was about to implement a free-choice market system due to a new legislation that made it feasible. Eighteen semi-structured interviews were conducted. Agents situated in different parts of the organization were interviewed one year before and two years after the free-choice system was launched in 2010. Data showed a top–down political process. A majority of the intentions of the legislation advocated individual autonomy as the market system's main purpose; only one concerned organizational efficiency. Data reflected, however, that financial efficiency dominated the agents' experiences of the implemented system. The twofold market purpose was clearly reflected in the interviews. Front-line staff hoped for improvements mainly for the users, whereas managers mainly focused on the market as a resource allocator.

  • 37.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Extended freedom attained?: A case study of a free-choice market system in community mental health care.2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Objectives Systems for freedom of choice within mental health has been implemented in several western countries to increase citizens’ freedom of choice, conduce diversification in service and providers of service, reduce inequalities by providing equitable choice to all users while contribute higher quality of service and facilitate efficient use of public funds. In Sweden “Act of Free Choice Systems” (2008:962) was introduced in 2009, and optional for municipalities to use. Community mental health is organized within the municipalities. The aim of this study is to describe the process of designing and constructing a market of free choice within community mental health, and analyse what kind of freedom of choice the citizen in need of community mental health have, in the example of Daily occupation.

    Methods A case study was conducted in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, where free choice was implemented in January 2010. The study consists of semi-structured interviews with twenty-eight actors’ involved in the process, complemented with political documents. Interviews were conducted 2009 and 2012. To analyse the material direct content analysis was used, and theories regarding quasi-markets, market design and regulation of markets were applied.

    Results The design and construction of the market of community mental health have determined the degree of clients’ freedom of choice. The volume of the market was regulated by national legislation, but sometimes influenced by the local political budget, and users sometimes appealed their decisions in court to have their rights assessed by law. Admission rules set by authorities concerning management and staff qualifications, financial stability and technical documentation equipment, determined which providers could enter the market. Many user-led organisations were not able to enter due to the admission rules. Quality regulation was developed by authorities to examine providers within the system. The client should be provided neutral and rich information, though full information was hard to access.

    Discussion/Conclusion Freedom of choice seems to have been both extended and reduced by the design and construction of the new system. All users theoretically had the same possibilities to choose providers in the system. However the construction limited the actual client choice significantly.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eklund, Mona
    Lunds universitet.
    I valet och kvalet: implementering av valfrihetssystem inom svensk socialpsykiatri genom exemplet meningsfull sysselsättning2014Report (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Andersson, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Heimer, Gun
    Lucas, Steven
    Violence and health in sweden: a national prevalence study on exposure to violence among women and men and its association to health2015Report (Other academic)
  • 40. Andersson-Långdahl, Gun-Eva
    et al.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ericson, Agneta
    Gyllenberg, Lena
    Marklund, Roger
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Perlinski, Marek
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Spång, Ulla
    Westermark, Elin
    Why is the counselling agency Oden successful?: a joint evaluation and research project by social workers and researchers2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Andersson-Långdahl, Gun-Eva
    et al.
    Skellefteå kommun.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ericsson, Agneta
    Skellefteå kommun.
    Gyllenberg, Lena
    Skellefteå kommun.
    Marklund, Roger
    Skellefteå kommun.
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Perlinski, Marek
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Spång, Ulla
    Skellefteå kommun.
    Westermark, Elin
    Skellefteå kommun.
    Rådgivningen Oden: utveckling av programteori om hur en verksamhet för missbruksbehandling fungerar2014Report (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Anttila, Sten
    et al.
    Statens beredning för medicinsk och social utvärdering SBU.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Utvärdering av sociala insatser kräver medverkan av folk från fältet"2016In: Medicinsk vetenskap & praxis : information från SBU, ISSN 1104-1250, no 1, 8-9 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Framgångsrika utvärderingar på socialtjänstens område är beroende av information från både forskare, socialarbetare och brukare. Det skriver Sten Anttila på SBU och Björn Blom, professor i socialt arbete i Umeå.

  • 43.
    Arbin, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Särbegåvade elever: En studie om studie- och yrkesvägledning och stimulans i gymnaiseskolan2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to improve understanding of how upper secondary school acknowledge and adjust support and guidance for gifted students regarding their future academic and professional career. The study examined school pricipals and career counselors approach to guidance work with gifted students and how the above mentioned professionals received information about gifted students. It was further examined what measures were applied to adjust the upper secondary school to the needs of gifted students. Qualitative interviews were conducted and the results showed that in cases where the informants were told it took place in conjunctions with seminars about the class, through grades or through a teacher or the students themselves who contacted the career counselor or principal at the upper secondary school.The giftedness was connected to the school curriculum and various course topics in the secondary programs. School principals viewed the career counselor as an important resource to provide motivational support, individualize and survey future plans. Career counselors experienced that gifted students were ahead in their maturity process and often arrived earlier than other students with ideas and questions for the career counselor. The upper secondary school tried to the extent resources were available, to provide stimulus and motivation for the gifted students in different ways - through acceleration, enrichment and motivational activities.

  • 44.
    Asplund, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svenska tidningars bild av socialt arbete: En kvalitativ studie2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kandidatuppsats är att undersöka vilka faktorer som kantänkas ligga bakom medias sätt att skriva om socialt arbete, på vilket sätt media skriver om socialt arbete utifrån hur tre svenska tidningsgenrer speglade det sociala arbetets profession åren 2002 och 2012 och vad detta kan tänkas ha för påverkan på läsarna och det sociala arbetets profession. Metoderna som används i undersökningen är en kvalitativ innehållsanalys och en diskursanalys. Materialet begränsas till artiklar publicerade i Sverige åren 2002 och 2012, från en national-, en regional- och åtta landsortstidningar. Faktorer som kan tänkas ligga bakom tidningars sätt att skriva om socialt arbete kan kopplas till att media använder sig av ett stiliserat berättande med bestämda roller. Socialt arbete får rollen som den starka myndigheten med makt över de svaga. En annan påverkansfaktor är att en positiv artikel inte har ett lika högt nyhetsvärde som en negativ artikel. Undersökningen visar att medias sätt att skriva om socialt arbete i dessa artiklar präglas av kritik och brister. Socialarbetarna får endast komma till tals i fyra av artiklarna och då handlar det om mycket korta uttalanden, vilket kan kopplas till den sekretess som socialarbetare arbetar under. Människor tar till sig medias sätt att framställa socialt arbete då media verkar för en successiv förändring av normer.

  • 45. Augustis, Marika
    et al.
    Rosenberg, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hillborg, Helene
    The meaning of work: Perceptions among persons with maintenance treatment for opioid addiction who are employed2015In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 146, e212-e212 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46. Augutis, Marika
    et al.
    Rosenberg, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hillborg, Helene
    The Meaning of Work: Perceptions of Employed Persons Attending Maintenance Treatment for Opiate Addiction2016In: Journal of Social Work Practice in The Addictions, ISSN 1533-256X, Vol. 16, no 4, 385-402 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For most people, work is important and a normal part of everyday life. However, research studies focusing on the significance of employment for successful outcomes in maintenance treatment for opiate addiction from the users' perspective are scarce. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of individuals who were employed while undergoing opiate treatment, with regard to the perceived meaning of work. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 32 individuals in Sweden and analyzed using content analysis. In addition to the importance of receiving maintenance treatment, all regarded work as an indispensable tool for staying drug-free and for personal development. Further studies are needed regarding the potential for integrating vocational support models into maintenance treatment programs.

  • 47.
    Backlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Institutionen för social arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Ekberg, Margareta
    Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Hugo, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Isaksson, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Strand, Ann-Sofie
    Avdelningen för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Skolsocialt arbete - en angelägenhet för alla?2012In: Socionomen Facktidsskriften för kvalificerat socialt arbete, ISSN 0283-1929, no 2, 26-31 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Backteman, Siri
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gauffin, Madeleine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jag bidrar med en ny dimension: Om hur kuratorer inom psykiatrin upplever sin yrkesroll samt det interprofessionella samarbetet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att undersöka hur kuratorer beskriver sin yrkesroll samt det interprofessionella arbetet på en psykiatrisk klinik. Mer ingående undersöks hur kuratorerna upplever sin arbetssituation, hur det interprofessionella arbetet fungerar på arbetsplatsen samt vilken inställning de har till en yrkeslegitimation för kuratorer inom hälso- och sjukvård. Fyra kuratorer som alla arbetare på olika mottagningar inom en och samma psykiatriska klinik medverkade i var sin kvalitativ intervju. Resultatet visar att kunskapen om riktlinjer för kuratorers arbetsuppdrag är vag både hos kuratorerna själva och på ledningsnivå. Trots det finns det en säkerhet i kuratorernas eget arbetsutförande. Kuratorerna upplever sig bidra med en helhetssyn utanför diagnoser och det medicinska arbetet och samtliga kuratorer arbetar dagligen i team med andra yrkesprofessioner. Resultatet visar att för ett gott samarbete krävs tydlighet i professionernas olika ansvarsområden och avgränsning i deras arbetsuppgifter. Kuratorerna har en önskan att förtydliga sina ansvarsområden samt stärka sin yrkesroll, vilket de tror att en legitimation skulle bidra till.

  • 49.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, akademin för hälsa och samhälle.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Disability Studies in Schweden: Traditionen und aktuelle Entwicklungen2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Im Beitrag wird aufgezeigt, wie sich seit den 1960-er Jahren die Disability Studies als eigenständige Disziplin in Schweden etabliert haben. Hierbei wird parallel zu den wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Reformen eine phasenweise Entwicklung dieses gesellschaftswissenschaftlichen Fachgebiets deutlich. Charakteristisch ist heute eine interdisziplinäre Ausrichtung, wobei basierend auf einem relationalen Behinderungsbegriff die Hindernisse im Verhältnis zwischen den Voraussetzungen des Individuums und den gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen in den Blick genommen werden.

  • 50.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Disability Studies in Schweden: Traditionen und aktuelle Entwicklungen2016In: Teilhabe und Vielfalt: Herausforderungen einer Weltgesellchaft / [ed] Hedderich, Ingeborg & Zahnd, Raphael, Bad Heilbrunn: Verlag Julius Klinkhardt, 2016, 1, 512-519 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
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