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  • 1.
    Agnidakis, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Ethnology: Theories and methods2018Ingår i: The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology: Topic: Theory and method / [ed] Hilary Callan, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2018, 1, s. 1-13Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnology is a disciplinary field that is more or less interwoven with anthropology. Its main focus is the analysis of various cultures and cultural expressions, usually within a national context. In practice, ethnologists favor an approach toward culture from the individual perspective, with a key interest in how single ordinary individuals, seen as active cultural beings, think and act in their everyday lives. This implies that they are both shaped by and contributors to the shaping of cultures in their everyday lives. However, within ethnology, culture viewed as a bidirectional phenomenon is not merely regarded as an individual process. Rather, it is regarded as something that occurs in collective social contexts. When analyzing culture, ethnologists usually employ a combined focus on its ideational and folkloric aspects as well as aspects of materiality, locality, and identity. Ethnology's general methodological approaches comprise ethnographic fieldwork as well as studies of artifacts and sociocultural structures.

  • 2. Agnidakis, Paul
    Rekrytering och genomströmming: Pedagogiskt fokus på Antropologin som mångfacetterat och multilokalt ämne2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Agnidakis, Paul
    et al.
    Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Gunnarsdotter, Yvonne
    Hansen, Kjell
    Stiernström, Arvid
    Waldenström, Cecilia
    Slutvärdering av Landsbygdsprogrammet 2007-2013: Axel 3: Förbättra livskvalitet på landsbygden; Axel 4: Leader - genomföra lokala utvecklingsstrategier2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Agnidakis, Paul
    et al.
    Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    Sundberg, Molly
    Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Uppsala universitet, Sverige.
    De som inte strömmar igenom: Undersökning om studenters avbrott vid Uppsala universitet2017Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Sparsamhetsnorm biter inte på dagens svenskar.2007Ingår i: Konsumera mera: dyrköpt lycka / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Formas , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Samisk forskning – eftersatt och efterfrågad2006Ingår i: Tvärsnitt: Humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 1, s. 18-22Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Reflexive ethnography in gender research2023Ingår i: Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research / [ed] Linda Berg, Umeå: Umeå University , 2023, s. 10-23Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 8.
    Berglund, Eeva
    et al.
    Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.
    Kohtala, Cindy
    Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.
    Knowing and imagining with sustainable makers2021Ingår i: In search of lost futures: anthropological explorations in multimodality, deep interdisciplinarity, and autoethnography / [ed] Magdalena Kazubowski-Houston; Mark Auslander, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, s. 151-172Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Materialist Activist Communities (MACs) concern themselves with material flows in a politically engaged form of maker culture. They speculate, design and make collectively, with a marked environmental orientation, often developing impossible forms of bio-hacking and bio-art. The futures animating them grow out of technoscientific and mundane presents, but as they make knowledge on the sidelines, materializing the existing and the improbable, such groups render the Anthropocene and more-than-human futures tangible. While “maker culture” has been prone to techno-utopian hype, MACs embrace dirt, mess and bodies nurturing a “dirt way” of learning, a principled way of being in situated and partial confusion. We imagine alongside them, also in the dirt way, through ethnography, an explicitly messy way of working out what is important and why.

  • 9.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change, Linköping University.
    SWEDEN: failure of a cooperative compliance project?2016Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines the Swedish cooperative compliance project Fördjupad samverkan  - FS (enhanced collaboration) introduced in 2011 and the modified initiative relaunched as Fördjupad dialog – FD (enhanced dialogue) in 2014. It describes how the Swedish Tax Agency proposed an initiative that carried with it international success stories from similar projects, but in the Swedish version and context met with strong resistance and is now put on hold awaiting proposed changes in the law. This chronological trajectory teases out issues that impact tax compliance among large corporations and perhaps also among ordinary taxpayers in Swedish society. Based on these issues, I suggest eight aspects that have to be paid attention to when implementing cooperative compliance initiatives. These aspects seldom stand alone but are drawn upon in various combinations making criticism possible.

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  • 10.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Boll, Karen
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Brögger, Benedicte
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Kettunen, Jaana
    University of Jyväskylä.
    Potka-Soininen, Tuulia
    University of Jyväskylä.
    Pellinen, Jukka
    University of Jyväskylä.
    Brehm Johansen, Mette
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Aziz, Kiran
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Nordic Experiences of Co-Operative Compliance Programmes: Comparisons and Recommendations2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For the last decade a major trend within tax administrations has been to shift from a roughly one size fits all approach—where close to all taxpayers experience a deterrence approach—to a more responsive and collaborative approach as in co-operative compliance programmes. Such programmes build on the idea that the participating corporations disclose relevant information including their tax risks and are transparent to the tax administrations and in return will tax administrations provide real-time predictability and clarity concerning taxation issues of relevance for the corporation. In brief, co-operative compliance builds on the slogan: “…certainty in exchange for transparency” (OECD 2016, 7). Co-operative compliance has increasingly become a core concern and way of organizing the relation between tax authorities and large corporate tax payers when it comes to securing tax compliance.

    This working paper is the result of research by Work Package 6 in EU’s Horizon 2020 funded programme FairTax that has been running for the four-year period 2015-2019. Our research in Work Package 6 addresses how proactive engagements with large corporate taxpayers have affected regulation of tax collection and administrative processes, changed relationships between stakeholders and tax administrations, and influenced tax compliance in the Nordic countries. The aim of this working paper is to provide a comparison of the experiences in four of the Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden and to propose recommendations.

    The Nordic countries are considered similar and so were the co-operative compliance programmes that were implemented in each country, yet the outcomes were very different. We thus dealt with various case characteristics (Flyvbjerg 2006) where the outcomes hinged on a complexity of elements. We argue that the Swedish case is an extreme case due to its turbulent life and concomitantly with only a handful of participants that have very little activity. The Norwegian case, in contrast, is an example of a maximum variation case because of the much longer history of collaborative relationships and the outcome of the work with tax risk. The combination of a collaborative way of working and systematic risk management and monitoring may either reflect a most likely scenario of future tax administration—or perhaps the least likely. Lastly, we argue that the Danish and Finnish cases represent paradigmatic cases because both of these align largely with the standards set by the OECD and because they therefore present more ordinary or regular ways of working with co-operative compliance. Analyzing a wide variety of case characteristics means that our findings can be of general interest, beyond the Nordic countries.

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  • 11.
    Boll, Karen
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Brehm Johansen, Mette
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Tax Governance: Corporate experiences with Cooperative Compliance in Denmark2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper presents an analysis of the experiences of Cooperative Compliance in Denmark. Cooperative Compliance denotes a specific kind of collaborative program for the regulation of large corporate taxpayers by the tax authorities. Cooperative Compliance programs have been implemented in several countries worldwide. In Denmark the program is called Tax Governance. Tax Governance has been studied using qualitative method and the analyses of the working paper build on an extensive base of in-depth interviews – primarily with tax directors from corporations participating in the program. The working paper shows as a general stance that the corporations are supporting the ideas behind Tax Governance and are generally satisfied with their participation. However, the working paper also shows that most of them explain to be stretched between this willingness to participate and the different challenges and contradictions they told to experience in the everyday work practices related to the Tax Governance program. The working paper zooms in at these various everyday experiences from the corporations. Yet, it also zooms out and shows that the Tax Governance program in different ways relate to wider international trends within tax administration, especially concerning the development of risk assessments and internal control in the corporations and a greater focus on monitoring of these elements by the tax authorities. Overall, the working paper concludes that Tax Governance as a model for a collaborative regulatory relationship between Skat and large corporations comes with both possibilities and challenges.

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  • 12.
    Brøgger, Benedicte
    et al.
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Aziz, Kiran
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    The setting for collaboration about tax compliance in Norway2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of “cooperative compliance” has been used by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) as a guideline for reform of tax administrative practices in many countries (OECD, 2013, 2014). The purpose of this working paper is to give a description of the institutional context for the adaptation of the guidelines in Norway, describing viewpoints from each stakeholder group.

    The data is based on analyses of project documents from the Norwegian Tax administration, annual reports, white papers, tax memos and tax strategies from large companies and tax advisors, and 31 interviews with tax officials, tax managers and tax advisors.

    Findings are that the motivations for paying or avoiding taxes vary, both within the stakeholder groups and between them. The national tax administration is concerned with compliance as the transparency and fairness of taxpayer treatment, measured in terms of the filing and assessment procedures. The companies are concerned with tax compliance as paying what it costs and fair competition, while the tax advisors balance commercial and legal aspects of different compliance alternatives. Regardless of differences in positions and tasks done, the infrastructure for collaboration and the normal process of work that feeds into it, the common denominator is pragmatism, working out a way to handle tax administration with as little fuss as possible and with as limited use of resources as possible.

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  • 13.
    Bäckström, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Att hjälpa andra: gåvans, rättvisans och medkänslans aporier i frivilligarbete2020Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis addresses the issue of social work in Swedish civil society, focusing on the ambition and practice of helping others as an existential as well as a social, political and cultural phenomenon. The aim is to study the ambiguities and aporetic conflicts that imbue helping activities and the desire to help others, using ethnographic as well as philosophical method. An interview study comprising of 12 volunteers and activists, all working with begging EU-citizens in Sweden, was carried out between 2015 and 2016. The interviews aimed to gather context specific experiences of helping others from a vulnerable group, especially concerning questions of power asymmetry and moral and political dilemmas. Subsequently, a reading of the participants’ narratives informed by Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction was performed. Following Derrida’s understanding of deconstruction as a bipartite process, focusing on genealogy and representation as well as the logico-formal paradoxes, aporias or ‘undecidables’, that characterise certain phenomena, two strands of research questions guided the analysis: Firstly, how do the participants understand and create meaning regarding their helping activities? And secondly, what seemingly impossible paradoxes, aporias, emerge in the constituting ideas and practices of helping, as they are expressed in the participants' narratives?

    Resulting from this reading and a parallel literature study, three main areas of conflict were identified: altruistic gift-giving vs. reciprocity and exchange, objective and structural justice vs. personal relations and exceptions, and lastly, the meaning of empathy as well as the difficulty of representing the suffering of others. The main theoretical sources are Derrida, Emmanuel Levinas, Hélène Cixous and Jessica Benjamin, whose writings on economy, gifts, responsibility, desire and intersubjectivity respectively, are employed to understand and theoretically develop the participants' experiences.

    Connecting the difficulty of doing a good deed to feminist ethical elaborations on care and justice, I conclusively argue for a deconstructive ethics of care, that takes the aporetic character of helping others into account, while not relinquishing the responsibility towards the other and the possibility of solidarity.

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  • 14.
    Clara, Alfsdotter
    et al.
    Bohusläns museum, Department of Archaeology, 451 50, Uddevalla, Sweden.
    Anja, Petaros
    National Board of Forensic Medicine, Division of Forensic Medicine, 587 58, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ankin, Güvencel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Rättsmedicin. National Board of Forensic Medicine, Division of Forensic Medicine, 751 40, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Petra, Molnar
    Swedish Police Authority, Forensic Section Stockholm, 106 75, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rebecka, Teglind
    Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden; National Board of Forensic Medicine, Division of Forensic Medicine, 751 40, Stockholm, 171 65, Sweden.
    Kanar, Alkass
    Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Development and implementation of forensic anthropology in Swedish forensic practice2022Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forensic Science, ISSN 2353-0707, Vol. 28, nr Supplement 1, s. 10-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the ongoing development of forensic anthropology in Sweden. We discuss the background of the discipline, its application, as well as its current and potential development in Swedish forensic practice. Collaboration with osteoarchaeologists in skeletal forensic cases has a long tradition in Sweden. Analyses of skeletal remains are performed ad-hoc, in contrast to analyses of fleshed human remains. While several law enforcement employees are educated in forensic anthropology and /or osteoarchaeology , they are not employed in these fields, and regional variations are evident. Internationally, forensic anthropology has become an autonomous forensic discipline over the past decades, requiring skills beyond mere skeletal analysis. To keep on a par with international standards, it may be time to revisit the concept of forensic anthropology in Sweden. Despite the limited presence of supporting organisational structures and systems, forensic anthropological and hard-tissue-reliant physico-chemical analyses have proven valuable in Swedish forensic practice, especially in cases of personal identification, trauma analysis and search efforts. We argue that Sweden could benefit from making qualified forensic anthropology expertise available in all law enforcement regions, starting to implement and promote forensic anthropology in routine forensic casework and formalising the role of forensic anthropology practitioners.

  • 15.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Istoria din noi2018Ingår i: Scena9, ISSN 2602-0408Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Eimermann, Marco
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Studying Locals and Lifestyle Migrants in Sparsely Populated Northern Sweden Using Foresight "Light"2021Dataset
    Abstract [en]

    Rasmus Rasmussen (2015) views the foresight approach as a methodology for strategic local and social development, based on input from local, regional, and national actors through a structural dialogue. The approach provides a basis for action with a focus on the potential to increase living conditions in a case study area, as indicated through analysis of qualitative data, e.g., gathered via workshops. This dataset is derived from a Northern Swedish research project that applied a light version of the foresight approach to study social resilience, which Neil Adger (2000, in his abstract on p. 347) describes as “the ability of groups or communities to cope with external stresses and disturbances as a result of social, political and environmental change.” External stresses are here mainly developments in the global economy, which both mean that local jobs are lost but also that there is potential to attract lifestyle migrants escaping the rat race in densely populated European areas. The dataset files are accompanied by a Teaching Guide and a Student Guide.

    Methods: Action research, Populations, Stakeholders

    Data Type: Group Transcripts, Narratives, Other, Workshops

  • 17.
    Eriksson Krutrök, Moa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Digsum.
    Algorithmic Closeness in Mourning: Vernaculars of the Hashtag #grief on TikTok2021Ingår i: Social Media + Society, E-ISSN 2056-3051, Vol. 7, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks at how mourning is expressed using the hashtag #grief on the social media app TikTok using qualitative content analysis. In a dataset of 100 TikTok videos, this article explores how the TikTok ranking algorithms, which orders content based on previous user engagements, may connect people in mourning across the platform and how these platform-enabled interactions may shape grief expressions. The study shows how grief was narrated on TikTok, which sociotechnical templates (such as duets, stitches, and audios) were incorporated into such expressions, and how these expressions of grief challenged societal mourning norms. This article ends with a discussion about how different subcultural norms on TikTok are linked to the way in which ranking algorithms create social connections across the platform. This study proposes that the "algorithmic closeness" of TikTok users in grief allows them to challenge societal mourning norms in imagined safe spaces, shaped by the algorithmic ranking systems on the platform.

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  • 18.
    Gustavsson, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Escuela Interdisciplinaria de Altos Estudios Sociales, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Revisiting and reframing ethnographic praxis: The return of visual collections from Gothenburg to the Argentine Chaco2022Ingår i: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 28, nr 11-12, s. 1242-1254Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I discuss the benefits and shortcomings of deploying an ethnographic approach when studying the digital return of visual collections from ethnographic museums to source communities. I draw on my research process and field work in the Argentine Chaco where I presented and discussed a selection of century-old ethnographic photographic and filmic images from this region with members of the Indigenous Pilagá People. I argue that carrying out extensive ethnographic field work is a way to access the density and multiple layers of social and cultural relations in which returns are carried out. I also discuss and analyze the effects of ethnography on contemporary field work. I specifically reflect upon my own ethnographic praxis from a historical perspective, as part of a longer tradition in which various generations of anthropologists have visited and revisited the Pilagá in the Argentine Chaco. I argue that this historical ”ethnographization” has left marks in the memories of key informants and in local notions of ”culture”. Thus not only are we to reframe our field methods by considering updated and critical literature on the subject but also by paying attention to the field´s own specific historical relationship with ethnography.

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  • 19.
    Hansson, Heidi
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Moderna språk.
    Byatt and Fowles: postmodern romances with feminism1997Ingår i: The interpretation of culture and the culture of interpretation: proceedings from the first graduate conference at the Department of Literature in Uppsala April 20-21 1996 / [ed] Eva Hemmungs Wirtén and Erik Peurell, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 1997, s. 27-43Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Hendrick, Stephanie
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Moderna språk. Engelska.
    Following Conversational Traces: Part 1: Creating a corpus with the ICWSM dataset.2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This poster will present the methodology behind the creation of a linguistic corpus based on a subset of the 2007 International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media dataset. Posts from a small group of political bloggers were tagged for parts of speech and indexed into a corpus using the program Xairia. From this corpus, the political blogger subset will be investigated for register and referential information. Referential information,especially with regards to new and given information, will be compared against network placement both to identify network innovators as well as to compare network placement as a catalyst for innovation. The final section, Further Research, will outline the modifications necessary for the creation of a full-scale corpus based on the entire ICWSM 2006 dataset.

  • 21.
    Hornberger, Nancy H.
    et al.
    University of Pennsylvania, USA.
    Outakoski, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Sámi time, space and place: exploring teachers' metapragmatic statements on Sámi language use, teaching and revitalization in Sápmi2015Ingår i: Confero: Essays on education, philosophy and politics, E-ISSN 2001-4562, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Horstkotte, Tim
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Exploring the multiple use of boreal landscapes: the importance of social-ecological diversity for mobility and flexibility2014Ingår i: Human Ecology, ISSN 0300-7839, E-ISSN 1572-9915, Vol. 42, nr 5, s. 671-682Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable multiple use of landscapes can be a challenging task for the stakeholders involved, especially when they have competing interests with respect to natural resource management. In this paper we analyze the consequences associated with “landscape diversity”, including the interactions between environmental, administrative and societal factors. As a case study, we describe winter land use for reindeer husbandry in the boreal forest in Northern Sweden, a resource that is also used for commercial timber production. We show how and why the interactions between the three factors associated with landscape diversity affect reindeer herding and the options for responding to change. Multi-dimensional landscape diversity can either (i) promote flexibility in the face of change in the form of mobility or (ii) create fragmentation that restricts adaption to changes. This is a result of the dynamic patterns of diverse landscape structures, created by administrative and societal choices. Because such landscape patterns react differently to environmental variability within a season and between years, landscape functions adjusted to the dynamics of environmental variables could help to provide continuity of grazing resources in both space and time and ensure that reindeer husbandry remains resilient to changes. Because of the unequal distribution of power and capacity for decision making, social learning between the two stakeholders can help to balance trade-offs between both types of land user, allowing them to coexist in a landscape shaped by diverse values, priorities and management practices.

  • 23.
    Häggström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Levda rum och beskrivna platser: former för landskapsidentitet2000Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study a cultural discourse perspective is used to discuss how regional identities are constructed during the 1900s. The investigation examines how local history and culture are used in symbolic forms to articulate the province as an imagined community in varying periods, media, and social contexts. The study deals with two problem areas.The first is how "space" is charged with symbolic and cultural meanings. The other how collective notions of fellowship and territorial belonging is created and changed.

    The study has a comparative set-up. Two provinces, Blekinge and Jämtland, form the empirical basis for the investigation. In Jämtland a strong regional mobilisation has taken place and the area's history is used to construct an image of the province as a distinct national sub-culture. No such homogeneous regional identity has been articulated in Blekinge. Here a cultural polarisation within the province is emphasised instead.

    In the study those images of the provinces that are created by scientific discourses and in popular cultural depictions are examined. The exhibitions of the regional museums are discussed also, as are interviews, various festivals, and public rituals. Emphasis is placed on representation and narrativity. Two representation strategies have been especially in focus, "stories of place" and "stories of territory". These narratives are used partly to accentuate similarity and identity inwards toward ones own group, and partly to outwardly indicate symbolic borders to other groups or areas.

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  • 24.
    Jarstad, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Department of Government, UppsalaUniversity, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Segall, Sandra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Grasping the empirical realities of peace in post-war northern Mitrovica2019Ingår i: Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, ISSN 2380-2014, E-ISSN 2379-9978, Vol. 4, nr 2-3, s. 239-259Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous research has focused on the conflicts and division in Mitrovica, Kosovo, the present article explores how peace and conflict are intertwined in the post-war city by focusing on sites where communities live side by side in an otherwise segregated city. A key finding is that the most conflictual residential areas in northern Mitrovica also are places where what we call peace acts, peace issues and peace perceptions are found. Our research suggests that even in spaces in the city where a history of violence is entrenched, the situation can seldom be reduced to be seen only as purely conflictual; rather, these 'hotspots' often prove to be spaces where reproduction of peace – however quotidian – also occurs at the same time. This points us to the complexity of the realities of peace, where remnants of war and potential for a co-existing peace often overlap and are sometimes intrinsically intertwined.

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  • 25.
    Komp, Kathrin
    et al.
    Department of Social Research, Helsinki University, Finland; Research Network on Ageing in Europe, Finland.
    Johansson, StinaUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Population ageing from a lifecourse perspective: critical and international approaches2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Populations around the globe are ageing rapidly. This demographic shift affects families, market structures and social provisions. This timely volume, part of the Ageing and the Lifecourse series, argues that the lifecourse perspective helps us understand the causes and effects of population ageing. The lifecourse perspective suggests that individuals’ experiences at an early age can influence their decisions and behaviour at a later age. This much-needed volume combines insights from different disciplines and real-life experiences to describe the theories and practices behind this idea. It therefore caters to the needs of scholars, practitioners and policy makers in a range of areas including sociology and political science.

  • 26.
    Komp, Kathrin
    et al.
    Department of Social Research/Sociology, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Population ageing in a lifecourse perspective: Developing a conceptual framework2016Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 36, nr 9, s. 1937-1960Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Population ageing is a global trend that affects individual life plans, family arrangements, market structures, care provisions and pension schemes. We combine insights from demography and lifecourse research to understand better the causes of population ageing. Demography explains population ageing by describing changes in fertility, mortality and migration rates. Lifecourse research argues that these rates are interconnected because they are embedded in the lifecourses of individuals. An individual’s experiences at an early age can influence behaviours at a later age, thereby creating continuity throughout the lifecourse. Additionally, lifecourse research underlines that social networks – such as families – and countries influence lifecourse. Thus, historical events and past experiences have already set the course for today’s demographic changes. Moreover, the effects of policies that strive to influence population ageing will not be evident for years or even decades to come. This paper introduces a conceptual framework that explains how the lifecourse perspective can be applied to the phenomenon of population ageing and illustrates the framework through a case study of Germany. The case study highlight that insights from the micro-, meso- and macro-levels need to be combined to achieve a deeper understanding of population ageing. Scholars can use the framework presented in this paper as a guideline for merging arguments from demography and lifecourse research in future studies.

  • 27.
    Kram, Kristina
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Litteraturvetenskap och nordiska språk.
    "Vi" och "dom" i norra Sverige: nutida identifikationsmönster och moderniseringsstrategier i ord och sak. 11998Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    "Vi" och "dom" i norra Sverige: nutida identifikationsmönster och moderniseringsstrategier i ord och sak. 1
  • 28.
    Lauri, Marcus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Lauri, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    In the business of gendered violence: the private shelter discourse in Sweden2023Ingår i: Critical and radical social work An international journal, ISSN 2049-8608, E-ISSN 2049-8675Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For-profit companies have begun competing with women’s shelters for ‘clients’ trying to escape violence. Using discourse theory, this study examines how 20 private shelters describe their business. The analysis shows that private shelters describe themselves as: (1) having a broad expertise and target group: (2) being able to tend to the individual needs of any client; and (3) being highly available and flexible. We understand this as an expression of a neoliberal market discourse and as a way to differentiate themselves from women’s shelters. This may put pressure on women’s shelters to provide similar ‘inclusion’, availability and flexibility. Furthermore: (4) private shelters contribute to shaping a desirable neoliberal subject, that is, a self-reliant woman; and (5), by articulating needs as individual and inherently mundane, they lean more towards ‘providing accommodation’ than addressing the particularities of (gendered) violence.

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  • 29.
    Lemelin, Raynald Harvey
    et al.
    Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Canada.
    Beaulieu, Michel S.
    Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Canada.
    The Technology Imperative of the Cree: Examining Adaptability and Livelihood in Northern Ontario, Canada2013Ingår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, E-ISSN 2004-4658, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 31-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we discuss how the incorporation of selected technologies (i.e., outboard motor, snowmobile) in Northern Ontario profoundly and irrevocably transformed two Cree nations located in the Hudson Bay Lowlands. We demonstrate how this technological integration has provided two remote First Nations in Canada with the ability to adapt to biophysical and socio-cultural changes, thereby sustaining traditional livelihood and providing food security. Interviews conducted in 2006–2010 with the Weenusk First Nation at Peawanuck, and the Washaho First Nation at Fort Severn are used to contextualize the discussion and answer the following research questions: (a) Are a greater or smaller number of people in these two First Nations engaged in subsistence behaviour today than in the past?; (b) Are these harvesters more or less successful?; and (c) Are levels of subsistence consumption different? The findings indicate that while less people are generally participating in traditional subsistence activities, access to traditional foods due to technology remains, for the time being, the same. The sustainability of these activities on the long-term is examined in the conclusion.

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  • 30.
    Liong, Chan Ching Mario
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Structural Thinking: A Two-edged Blade of Fatherhood in Hong Kong2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on the field work consisted of participant observation in a Catholic-background men’s centre in Hong Kong and in-depth interview with individual fathers between 2004 and 2007. The men’s centre promotes that men should assume their familial role as husbands and fathers and that men need other men as peers to support one another. I participated in two of their self-help groups and one men’s rights group. In addition, I conducted face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews with a total of 30 fathers through snowballing. Some of these informants were members of the men's centre while some were not. Fathers with different class backgrounds and marital statuses were included. Some were working-class men (e.g. construction site workers), some were professionals (e.g. lawyer), and some were business owners. Some were married; some were divorced; some were single fathers taking care of their children. Yet these fathers were all mid-aged, i.e. late-30s to 60s.

     

    Patriarchy is rooted in the history of Hong Kong and continues to exist in contemporary society. In both the colonial and post-colonial periods, notions of masculinity and fatherhood in Hong Kong are seen to be extremely conservative and they highlight the role of the state in the adoption and reproduction of patriarchal ideology. While changes towards gender equality have occurred slowly after long-term struggle, a coherent gender policy has been lacking. This has contributed to a socio-cultural environment that encourages the naturalization and normalization of the patriarchal structure and practices in the family. 

     

    The “new good men/father” notion proposed by the men’s centre situates men in the family context, with traditional masculinity reiterated and resurrected. Economic requirement on men prevailed in the centre’s discourse. Authority of men was also emphasized through encouraging fathers to assume their educator’s and decision-maker’s role. New elements of fatherhood, like doing housework, taking care of and playing with children, as well as caring the wife, were added as ways to make the family harmonious and under control and became the new hegemonic standards for masculinity. However, wife sometimes exercise resistance to the structural power of men. Some even sabotage the male family structure by claiming their agency through divorce or extra-marital affairs. Patriarchal fatherhood is under threat.

    Divorced and single-fatherhood was seen as deviant and was problematized in the discourse.

     

    The thinking that marriage is the foundation of fatherhood rather than a romantic alliance is common among my informants. This belief subsequently motivates the father to give toil and sweat to maintain marriage and (“complete”) family which is deemed to be the facilitating environment in the interest of children. At the same time, fathers expect to get what they are promised by the patriarchal structure – filial children and an obedient wife. I call this expectation “structural thinking” within the patriarchal habitus of the father. Structural thinking is the internalization of the existing social structure with the expectation of gaining the benefits and outcomes which are defined and laid out by the structure. Within structural thinking, individual’s will and interest are often subsumed under the requirements of the power-laden structure. When the promised outcomes do not occur, structural thinking leads the social actor to blame other individual actors rather than seeing the biased nature of the structure, thus leaving the power-laden structure unchallenged. Men, as the beneficiary of the patriarchal structure, preserve it by demanding themselves and others to conform to it. It leads men to defend the patriarchal family and to tolerate a painful or loveless marriage just to guarantee a caring mother and a legitimate, intact family for the children. I would like to argue in this paper that the family structure legitimizes father’s power which is a two-edged blade – it does not only place him above other individual family members, but also lead to the distortion of his own subjectivities and individuality in cases like divorce.

  • 31.
    Liong, Chan Ching Mario
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Under the Shadow of Deviance: Positionality, Subjectivity, and Masculinity of the Male Feminist Ethnographer in a Patriarchal Field Setting2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper comes from my reflective account of my ethnographic field experience from 2004 to 2007 in studying construction of masculinities among Chinese fathers in Hong Kong. I came to a men’s centre promoting a “new good men / father” notion as the starting point of my fieldwork. Planning to examine how gender equality would be promoted within the family, I was disappointed by the prevailing discourse of “harmony of the family” in the centre, which left gender power relation, compulsory heterosexuality, and hegemony of monogamy and intact nuclear family unchallenged despite that involvement in childcare and housework was encouraged in fatherhood. At the same time, I discovered that my embodiment and self-presentation of “soft” masculinity did not fit in the male-dominated groups. With the “deviant” masculine embodiment, even though I was not publicly criticized, my subject position as a young, effeminate man somehow hindered my feminist voice being heard or accepted. Yet I could foresee critical analysis in my writing. In such a situation, I had constant worries of being accused of betraying my informants, who might think that I was part of them, sharing their thoughts and views. The fact that I was perceived as a son and a student facilitated my adoption of the performance of learning masculinities and men’s situations from my male informants. Unexpected openness and revelation resulted. In this paper, I am going to discuss the problems and potentials of doing ethnographic research with non-hegemonic masculine embodiment in such an inconsistent fieldsite by examining the positionality and subjectivity of the researcher and the way masculinities effect the situation.

  • 32.
    Lönngren, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik.
    On the value of using shorthand notation in ethnographic fieldwork2021Ingår i: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 60-76Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Writing fieldnotes is an important part of ethnographic research. However, there is a striking lack of discussions about how different ways of producing fieldnotes may influence ethnographic research and meaning-making. The use of shorthand notation is sometimes mentioned as a tool to increase the speed and efficiency of note-taking, but I have not been able to find any discussions about when and how shorthand may be useful and appropriate for ethnographic fieldwork. This paper addresses this gap by discussing possible effects of using shorthand notation in ethnographic fieldwork on confidentiality, rapport, and power relations; researchers' well-being and career opportunities; the amount of data produced; reflexive meaning-making; and linguistic meaning-making. Drawing on fieldnotes from an ethnographic study in which I used shorthand notation and ethnographic literature on the writing of fieldnotes, I argue that shorthand notation may be more or less useful and appropriate for different types of ethnographic research projects.

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  • 33.
    Madison, Guy
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Presumption and prejudice: quotas may solve some problems, but create many more2017Ingår i: Mankind Quarterly, ISSN 0025-2344, Vol. 58, nr 1, s. 117-138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Some Western countries contemplate, or have already implemented, legislative means to counter group differences. Here, I consider the arguments for, and consequences of, sex quotas. I find that it is logically incoherent to impose selection based on group membership, such as quotas, unless one acknowledges that there is a group difference in some trait that affects the outcome in the domain in which the selection takes place. If such a group difference is acknowledged, however, a quota might decrease the proportion of individuals who are more likely to have undesirable traits that are difficult to measure. However, the fact that traits are normally distributed and overlap across groups means that it is more effective to select for desirable traits than for group membership. Also, quotas inevitably entail negative consequences that should be weighed in. From the perspective of the individual, it is fairer to be selected on the basis of traits one actually has, rather than a stereotype of the group one belongs to. From the perspective of society as a whole, focussing on group differences and selecting based on group membership is divisive and conflict-driving, and stirs hostility based on competition over resources and social status. These arguments and conclusions are applicable to other groups and group differences in general.

  • 34.
    Mjönes, Staffan
    Umeå universitet.
    Shaman, psychoanalyst or obstetrician: a critical reading of Claude Levi-Strauss' essay "The efficiency of symbols"2010Ingår i: Folklore, E-ISSN 1406-0949, nr 45, s. 7-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article intends to clarify the obstetric, medical-psychological and ethnological credibility of a well-known essay in structural anthropology. Claude Levi-Strauss claims that it is possible to heal a person with an acute, life-threatening, physical, medical condition, in this case a complicated delivery, with purely psychological or magical methods. His reasoning is based on an incomplete source as well as on a grave anatomical misunderstanding. An obstetric analysis of the complete source furthermore shows that the medicine man or shaman uses a combination of a manual intervention, drug treatment and psychological influence. Levi-Strauss' claim must therefore be refuted. The empirical basis is also insufficient for Levi-Strauss' far-reaching conclusions on the topography of the human mind, the function of the subconscious and the comparison between psychoanalysis and shamanism The medicine man is described by Levi-Strauss as a "noble savage". However, Levi-Strauss also points out the importance of the psychological support of the patient in a valuable way.

  • 35.
    Modh, Sandra
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivory, women and rajas. Initial comments on social change in an east Indonesian boundary community2013Ingår i: Journal of the Anthropological society of Oxford, ISSN 2040-1876, Vol. V, nr 1, s. 27-35Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 36.
    Naldemirci, Öncel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Idioms of care: ageing and connectivity among older Turkish migrants in Sweden2023Ingår i: Routledge handbook on Middle Eastern diasporas / [ed] Dalia Abdelhady; Ramly Aly, Routledge, 2023, 1, s. 341-350Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Oltedal, Siv
    et al.
    Universitetet i Stavanger.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Editorial: Families in context2014Ingår i: Journal of Comparative Social Work, E-ISSN 0809-9936, nr 2, s. 1-4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 38.
    Potka-Soininen, Tuulia
    et al.
    University of Jyväskylä, School of Business and Economics.
    Pellinen, Jukka
    University of Jyväskylä, School of Business and Economics.
    Kettunen, Jaana
    University of Jyväskylä, School of Business and Economics.
    Enhanced Customer Cooperation: Experiences with cooperative compliance in Finland2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines the experiences with a collaborative compliance project – Enhanced Customer Cooperation (ECC) – introduced by the Finnish Tax Administration. The ECC was introduced by the Large Taxpayers’ Unit of the Finnish Tax Administration at the beginning of 2013, and it ran as a pilot until the end of 2015. Since the start of 2016, the ECC has been a part of the permanent operations of the Large Taxpayers’ Unit. Based on the interviews with tax officers, corporations participating in the ECC and tax lawyers and tax consultants, the ECC is bringing about a cultural change in the administrative practices and ways of communicating between tax authorities and taxpayers. In general, the ECC’s objective of increasing cooperation between tax administration and taxpayers has been welcomed. There were, however, some concerns about the impartiality towards taxpayers, efficiency in the use of human resources and the possible retrospective involvement of the Tax Recipients’ Legal Services Unit. In addition, because predictability was described as one of the key aspects of taxation for companies, many questions have been raised regarding whether the ECC can deliver more predictability in taxation practices.

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  • 39.
    Redström, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Introduction: defining moments2016Ingår i: Design and anthropology / [ed] Wendy Gunn and Jared Donovan, Routledge, 2016, s. 83-99Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter develops a new perspective on the role of anthropology and ethnographic fieldwork in design processes. It explores how ethnographic fieldwork combined with a critical holistic approach has the potential to shape design processes towards greater sensibility for the crafting potential of users in the context of social and material relations. The chapter presents an extended analysis of a case study: The body games project which focused on designing interactive playgrounds with and for children. It focuses on the material interventions that were carried out as part of the fieldwork and design in this project. The body games project aimed at decreasing obesity among children through the development of digital playgrounds that would encourage children and young people to be more physically active. Design anthropological fieldwork is a collaborative effort between designers and anthropologists studying, conceptualizing, and experimenting with potential relations between people, practices, and things, which involves constant reflective re-conceptualizations.

  • 40.
    Richards-Rissetto, Heather
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab. Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, USA.
    Social interaction at the maya site of Copán, Honduras: a least cost approach to configurational analysis2012Ingår i: Least cost analysis of social landscapes: archaeological case studies / [ed] Devin A. White; Sarah L. Surface-Evans, The University of Utah Press, 2012, s. 109-127Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 41. Sartorius, Kurt
    et al.
    Sartorius, Benn K. D.
    Collinson, Mark A
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa ; INDEPTH Network, Accra, Ghana.
    Tollman, Stephen M
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa ; INDEPTH Network, Accra, Ghana.
    The dynamics of household dissolution and change in socio-economic position: a survival model in a rural South Africa2014Ingår i: Development Southern Africa, ISSN 0376-835X, E-ISSN 1470-3637, Vol. 31, nr 6, s. 775-795Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates household dissolution and changes in asset wealth (socio-economic position) in a rural South African community containing settled refugees. Survival analysis applied to a longitudinal dataset indicated that the covariates increasing the risk of forced household dissolution were a reduction in socio-economic position (asset wealth), adult deaths and the permanent outmigration of more than 40% of the household. Conversely, the risk of dissolution was reduced by bigger households, state grants and older household heads. Significant spatial clusters of former refugee villages also showed a higher risk of dissolution after 20 years of permanent residence. A discussion of the dynamics of dissolution showed how an outflow/inflow of household assets (socio-economic position) was precipitated by each of the selected covariates. The paper shows how an understanding of the dynamics of forced household dissolution, combined with the use of geo-spatial mapping, can inform interdisciplinary policy in a rural community.

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  • 42.
    Sehlin MacNeil, Kristina
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Let's name it: identifying cultural, structural and extractive violence in Indigenous and extractive industry relations2018Ingår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, E-ISSN 2004-4658, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 81-103Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article on conflict and power relations between extractive industries and Indigenous groups in Sweden and Australia draws on two case studies to compare situations for Laevas reindeer herding Sami community in Northern Sweden and Adnyamathanha Traditional Owners in South Australia. In this international comparison the analysis, based on the research participants’ narratives, employs Johan Galtung’s concepts of cultural and structural violence as analytical tools to further explore and contrast the participants’ experiences of interactions with extractive industries and industrial proponents. In addition, this study introduces extractive violence – defined as a form of direct violence but relating specifically to extractivism and Indigenous peoples – as a complement to Galtung’s model, known as the violence triangle. The results show that although the expressions of cultural, structural and extractive violence experienced by the two Indigenous communities varied, the impacts were strikingly similar. Both communities identified extractive violence, supported by structural and cultural violence, as threats to the continuation of their entire cultures. The study also shows that in order to address violence against Indigenous peoples, Indigenous and decolonising perspectives must be taken into account.

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  • 43.
    Stenius, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Shoot-fighting, bodies in emotional pain: a translocal study in masculine gendering of violence, aggression and control2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 44.
    Sundberg, Molly
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Agnidakis, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Studieavhopp inom 'Hum-Sam': Misslyckande eller strategi?: Studenters egna berättelser om hur och varför de lämnade sina studier2018Ingår i: Högre Utbildning, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 116-130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln problematiserar studieavhopp utifrån studenternas egna upplevelser. Baserat på intervjuer med 24 studenter som hoppat av undervisning i etnologi och kulturantropologi vid Uppsala universitet urskiljer författarna två avhoppstyper: en mindre förekommande som är resultatet av ofrivilligt misslyckande, och en betydligt vanligare som sker frivilligt och efterföljs av studier i andra ämnen, ofta med tydligare yrkeskoppling. Artikeln lyfter fram bakomliggande orsaker i relation till detta avhoppsmönster. Dessa berör den enskilda institutionen, det statliga utbildningssystemet samt förhållanden inom humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen, såsom begränsade undervisningsresurser, hög andel fristående kurser och program utan yrkesexamen, och inte sällan låga antagningspoäng.

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  • 45.
    Säävälä, Minna
    et al.
    Population Research Institute, Väestöliitto, PO Box 849, Helsinki 00101, Finland; Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00101, Finland.
    Tenhunen, Sirpa
    Umeå universitet. Department of History and Ethnology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Innovation: transforming hierarchies in South Asia2014Ingår i: Contemporary South Asia, ISSN 0958-4935, E-ISSN 1469-364X, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 121-129Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue examines innovation as social change in South Asia. From an anthropological micro perspective, innovation is moulded by social systems of value and hierarchy and simultaneously potentially transforms them. The articles in this special issue examine a number of innovations in South Asian contexts: the printing press's changing technology and its intersections with communal and language ideologies in India (Peterson); mobile telephony, gender, and kinship in West Bengal (Tenhunen); microcredit and its relationship with social capital in Bangladesh (Uddin); imbalanced sex ratios and the future of marriage payments in north-western India (Jeffery); and how alternative dispute resolution as a social innovation affects battered young wives' life situation options in Sylhet, Bangladesh (Ashrafun and Säävälä). These case studies give insights into how the deeply engrained cultural models and values affect the forms that an innovation process can take. In a social field, actors are not situated symmetrically vis-à-vis an innovation. In South Asian societies that are starkly hierarchical and holistic, innovations may have unpredictable sociocultural repercussions.

  • 46.
    Winkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Avdelningen för hållbar hälsa.
    Water spirits, medicine-men and witches: avenues to successful reproduction among the Abelam, Papua New Guinea1996Ingår i: The anthropology of pregnancy loss: comparative studies in miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death / [ed] Roseanne Cecil, Taylor and Francis , 1996, s. 59-74Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes how the Abelam, in the East Sepik Province of Papua New Guinea, attempt to gain control over their reproductive health. The ethnographic study reported was carried out in conjunction with a nutrition study of pregnancy, childbirth and infant growth in the same area, in collaboration with the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research in Madang. The Abelam comprise an ethnolinguistic group occupying the area between the southern foothills of the Torricelli Range and the Sepik River in the East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea. However, the people are unevenly distributed, and in the Wosera the density is as high as 400 per square mile, making it the most densely populated area of mainland Papua New Guinea. The nianmi ensures that adolescent girls become fertile by providing a special mixture and can later be consulted for infertility, while water spirits called wala are needed for conception to take place.

  • 47.
    Wu, Junhui
    et al.
    CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China;Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
    Számadó, Szabolcs
    Department of Sociology and Communication, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1111 Budapest, Hungary;CSS-RECENS, Centre for Social Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
    Barclay, Pat
    Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
    Beersma, Bianca
    Department of Organization Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Dores Cruz, Terence D.
    Department of Organization Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Lo Iacono, Sergio
    Department of Sociology/ICS, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Nieper, Annika S.
    Department of Organization Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Peters, Kim
    University of Exeter Business School, Exeter, UK.
    Przepiorka, Wojtek
    Department of Sociology/ICS, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Tiokhin, Leo
    Human Technology Interaction Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Van Lange, Paul A. M.
    Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Honesty and dishonesty in gossip strategies: a fitness interdependence analysis2021Ingår i: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8436, E-ISSN 1471-2970, Vol. 376, nr 1838, artikel-id 20200300Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gossip, or sharing information about absent others, has been identified as an effective solution to free rider problems in situations with conflicting interests. Yet, the information transmitted via gossip can be biased, because gossipers may send dishonest information about others for personal gains. Such dishonest gossip makes reputation-based cooperation more difficult to evolve. But when are people likely to share honest or dishonest gossip? We build formal models to provide the theoretical foundation for individuals' gossip strategies, taking into account the gossiper's fitness interdependence with the receiver and the target. Our models across four different games suggest a very simple rule: when there is a perfect match (mismatch) between fitness interdependence and the effect of honest gossip, the gossiper should always be honest (dishonest); however, in the case of a partial match, the gossiper should make a choice based on their fitness interdependence with the receiver and the target and the marginal cost/benefit in terms of pay-off differences caused by possible choices of the receiver and the target in the game. Moreover, gossipers can use this simple rule to make optimal decisions even under noise. We discuss empirical examples that support the predictions of our model and potential extensions.

  • 48.
    Ziker, John
    et al.
    Boise State Unviersity, USA .
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Anderson, David
    University of Tromsö.
    Indigenous peoples and demography2010Ingår i: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 51, nr 5, s. 10-12Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 49.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    "Ekot från gårdagen": de jugoslaviska invandrarnas bakgrund och dess betydelse för deras nuvarande erfarenheter1978Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there are some 14* millioh migrant wörkérs in Ëurope. They are people whose position as "gastarbeiter" - with all the complex sociokul» turai problems it implies - stimulates ä lot of scientific research*The following pages are yet another contribution to the literature conoer4 nilig the enormous problems associated with thië ekodùs, The problems I discussed here concern Yugoslav thigrahtâ arid theif experiences in the p£öcess óf social changeiMore than one million Yugoslavs li\e and work in Western Europe« In looking for appropriate methods to explore the complex of social change involving Yugoslav migrants, I have reached the standpoint that an understanding of this process presupposes a knowledge of their cultural heritage. The difficulties in the transformations they have to undergo in the process of social change can only be understood by connecting the "culture of yesterday" with the "conditions of today".Migration research often lacks a dynamic perspective, i.e. it is seldom possible to find systematic studies in this field that include the socio-cultural origin of migrants. Such studies as there are overemphasize information on the present experiences of immigrants in their adopted contries or, which is equally unsatisfactory, they deal with mechanical dichotomies such as "before" and "after" experiences. In both cases, the process of social change is left out.This report is an attempt towards a more complete understanding of the connection between yesterday, today and tomorrow in the life of migrants. The report contains a collection of articles from a research project entitled: "Migration and Social Change". Other reports in the project areiNo 42 Intereuropean Migration (after World War II):Part 1. YugoslaviaPart 2. Emigration and structural change in the local community: VrlikaNo 44 Migration and the process of social change.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    "Ekot från gårdagen": de jugoslaviska invandrarnas bakgrund och dess betydelse för deras nuvarande erfarenheter
  • 50.
    Örestig, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Occupy Wall Street: en reaktion mot & ett barn av nyliberalismen?2023Ingår i: Röda Rummet, ISSN 1403-3844, nr 2-3, s. 13-15Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    När en rörelse tappar luften är det lätt att fastna i uppgivenhet och cynism. Men det ger också möjligheter att stanna upp och kritiskt reflektera över vad som gjordes rätt och vad som gjordes fel och vilka lärdomar som kan göra oss rustade att lyckas bättre när nästa uppsving kommer. Johan Örestig har läst boken Hegemony How-To: A Roadmap for Radicals där Jonathan Matthew Smucker formulerar en sådan kritik av Occupy Wall Street.

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