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  • 1.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Oslo universitet.
    Törnsén, Monika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling.
    Examining Norwegian and Swedish Leadership training programs in light of international research2016Ingår i: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 173-187, artikel-id 10.18261Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines and compares principal training programs in Sweden and Norway, the two Nordic countries with national leadership programs for already active school leaders. To investigate the knowledge base and design of the programs we draw on two research-derived tools about successful professional learning programs for school leaders. Based on the examinations, we suggest that the programs reflect international research both in terms of content and process factors. In addition, we identify topics and issues, such as balancing democratic participation with managerial decision-making, which can be characterized as making up a Nordic profile.

  • 2.
    Alexiadou, Nafsika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Barn- och ungdomspedagogik, specialpedagogik och vägledning (BUSV).
    Lange, Bettina
    Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford, UK.
    Deflecting European Union Influence on National Education Policy-Making: The Case of the United Kingdom2013Ingår i: Journal of European Integration, ISSN 0703-6337, E-ISSN 1477-2280, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 37-52Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how education policies developed in the European Union (EU) through the open method of co-ordination (OMC) are received at the member state level of the United Kingdom (UK). We argue that the UK’s response to the education OMC can be understood mainly in terms of deflecting EU influence on the process and in particular content of national education policy-making. We focus on three manifestations of deflecting EU influence on national education policies. On a level of institutional structures, first, few organizational resources are made available for responding to the education OMC. Second, there is limited communication between domestic policy teams and UK civil servants involved in international work. Third, on a level of discourse UK education policy makers have retained a commitment to the continued sovereignty of the UK over education policy and its role as a potential leader of education policy agendas in the EU. Deflecting the education OMC involves here constructing images of ‘fit’ between UK and EU OMC education policies.

  • 3.
    Alnebratt, Kerstin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Feminism som byråkrati: jämställdhetsintegrering som strategi2016Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Feminism som byråkrati beskriver utvecklingen av svensk jämställdhetspolitik. Främst behandlas idén om jämställdhetsintegrering. En historieskrivning, men också en analys. Från början av 1990-talet fram till idag. Vilka frågor och krav har kunnat ställas inom ramen för denna politik? Och inte minst, vad har gjorts omöjligt?

  • 4.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    Corruption in Sweden: Exploring Danger Zones and Change.2002Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this dissertation I study corruption in the public sector in Sweden, a country which the literature regards as having few corruption problems. Sweden is therefore classified as a “least corrupt” case, and such countries are seldom studied in corruption research. My work is thus an effort to fill a gap in the literature. This research is also motivated by a conviction that such a case provides a fertile ground for studying danger zones for corruption. For example, this work allows me to explore how institutional and contextual changes impact on corruption and danger zones.

    Though the main focus of this work is on Sweden, I also have comparative ambitions. First, I locate Sweden in a cross-national context. I then study corruption in Sweden using a comparative methodology and with an eye to international comparisons. I apply a combined theoretical approach and a multi-method investigation based on several empirical sources and both quantitative and qualitative techniques. This research strategy enables me to capture a phenomenon (corruption) that is more difficult to identify in countries with relatively few obvious corruption scandals than it is in countries in which the phenomenon has traditionally been studied.

    Regarding danger zones for corruption, the results show that some of the zones identified in the international literature, such as public procurement, are also important in Sweden. For the Swedish case, my empirical research also identifies the types of corruption that occur, perceptions of danger zones and corruption, how corruption changes over time, and how corruption is fought. With regard to the latter, one conclusion is that ingrained (male) sub-cultures can be problematic and may need to be opened up using a combination of measures like promoting a more heterogeneous group of politicians, creating more transparent proceedings in decision groups and conducting more effective audits. The research also highlights the importance of adapting control measures to existing structures of delegation. For example, if delegation arrangements are changed to improve efficiency and cut costs, new accountability measures may be necessary. In general, delegation and control structures should be structured in such a way as to make the cost of shirking quite high.

    Finally, based on the results of this multi-method investigation, I conclude that one avenue for further corruption research is to connect our knowledge of danger zones to what we know about mechanisms effecting corrupt behaviour, and then to apply this to discussions of new models of the politics of management in multi-level governance.

  • 5.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    A model for strategic e-service implementation in the public sector: challenges for local governments in identifying potential candidates for e-service delivery2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As more and more local governments begin to understand that the great promises of e-service delivery are harder than expected to realize, efficient use of ICT-resources have become increasingly important. Since simply providing more e-services is not the solution, the need to understand what constitutes a suitable e-service has arisen. Public services reach beyond the market domain; therefore, the complexities of public value must be dealt with when services are appraised. Furthermore, due to the heterogeneous nature of local government services it is impossible to evaluate all the options in depth; thus, there is a clear need for early-stage appraisal. However, existing methods of appraisal are burdened by intricacy, and associated with high costs. In response, this paper presents a model capable of reducing this intricacy. The model was developed through a participatory design process involving members on both operational and strategic level in the municipality of Skellefteå. The model implements state of the art into the workspace context while taking measures to reduce intricacy such as: incremental filtering, moving high intricacy elements to the end of the process, and exploitation of available data. As a result the organization is enabled to capture not only the low hanging fruit, but also the long tail of services. Furthermore, the improved understanding of e-service delivery has the potential to open up opportunities for new ways of business development and private-public partnerships. Finally, whereas the model presented is highly context-dependent, the implications outlined in this paper are not limited to this narrow scope.

  • 6.
    Backlund, Christoffer
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling.
    Lärande organisation: Är systematiskt kvalitetsarbete i skolan grunden till en lärande organisation?2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 7.
    Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Cardiff School of Social Sciences/Sustainable Places Institute, Cardiff University.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    A policy analysis perspective on ecological restoration2013Ingår i: Ecology and Society, ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 18, nr 2, artikel-id 17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a simple stages model of the policy process, we explore the politics of ecological restoration using an array of examples drawn across sector, different size and scale, and from different countries. A policy analysis perspective reveals how, at both the program and project levels, ecological restoration operates within a complex and dynamic interplay between technical decision making, ideologies, and interest politics. Viewed through the stages model, restoration policy involves negotiating nature across stages in the policy making process, including agenda setting, policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation. The stages model is a useful heuristic devise; however, this linear model assumes that policy makers approach the issue rationally. In practice, ecological restoration policy takes place in the context of different distributions of power between the various public and private actors involved at the different stages of restoration policy making. This allows us to reiterate the point that ecological restoration is best seen not only as a technical task but as a social and political project.

  • 8.
    Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Cardiff University, Storbritannien.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Role of the State in the Governance of Sustainable Development: subnational practices in European states2014Ingår i: State and Environment: The Comparative Study of Environmental Governance / [ed] Andreas Duit, Cambridge MA /London: MIT Press, 2014, s. 179-202Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the role of the state in the governance of sustainable development at the sub-national, regional and local levels in Europe, including 1) the scope of state involvement, 2) the function of the state in sustainable development policy making. The state is shown to be a key player in initiating and co-ordinating the sustainable development planning processes in the four key themes across European states: (1) multi-level governance; (2) networks and public / private partnerships; (3) participation and (4) the use of marked based instruments.

    The main function of the state in the analyzed policy areas is, on the one hand to act as coordinator between different interests, and on the other to act as stimulator for initiating new policy initiatives. The state both initiates and co-ordinates policy networks and retains a great deal of power over the nature and functioning of network forms of governance. Evidence also points out how the use of new environmental policy tools can strengthen the hand of the state by supporting hierarchical governance. Thus, far from being a simple one, the relationship between market and network governance and the state has been shown to be complex and dense.

  • 9.
    Baldersheim, Harald
    et al.
    University of Oslo.
    Ladner, Andreas
    University of Lausanne.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The anatomy and drivers of local autonomy in a European perspective2017Ingår i: Starke Kommunen - wirksame Verwaltung: Fortschritte und Fallstricke der internationalen Verwaltungs- und Kommunalforschung / [ed] Sabine Kuhlmann & Oliver Schwab, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2017, s. 85-100Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Making democracy work is a continuous struggle (Putnam 1993). This also goes for local democracy (Wollmann 1999), including the maintenance of the autonomy of local government, which is the basis for local democracy. The autonomy of local government varies across countries but there is little understanding of why systems of local government develop in such different ways. The purpose of this article is to contribute to such an understanding. The variation in local autonomy as well as the lack of explanations for it is remarkable since local autonomy is a cherished ideal for local government in liberal-democratic societies. Indeed, local autonomy is one of the constituent features of local government, perhaps the most fundamental feature. Local government is of course established by the state and serves the state both literally and in a wider sense. Yet, without some measure of autonomy from the state local democracy is meaningless — there will be no policy space for decision-makers and no choice for citizens. Arguably, local autonomy is also a driver of efficiency in local government affairs through the adaptive opportunities to local circumstances made possible by autonomous decision-makers accountable to local citizens as tax payers and consumers.

  • 10.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Does collaboration lead to sustainability?: A study of public–private partnerships in the Swedish mountains2017Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 10, artikel-id 1685Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The conflicts that are frequently manifested in the Swedish mountains often stem from the use and preservation of natural resources: resistance against protected area proposals, protests concerning the management of large carnivores, felling of old-growth forests, and disputes over who should be allowed to hunt or fish are commonplace. There are currently strong trends, both in national and international policy making, towards leaning on various forms of collaborative governance arrangements to deal with such policy failures. Consequently, various forms of partnerships have been initiated to promote more sustainable practices in mountain regions of Sweden. But to what extent does the creation of collaborative arrangements in natural resource management improve policy output and sustainability outcomes? To examine the issue, data was extracted from 47 semi-structured interviews with 39 project leaders and eight county officials, the sample being randomly selected from a database of 245 public-private collaborative projects in the Swedish mountains. The results indicate that partnerships do lead to improved sustainability – especially when it comes to social outcomes. There is, however, a need for more systematic follow-ups by practitioners, particularly on ecological outcomes where the country administrative boards should take a leading role and facilitate such evaluations in the future.

  • 11.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Citizens governing schools: Customers, partners, right-holders2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research questions, objectives and theoretical framework

    Throughout Europe, evaluation has expanded radically at all levels of school governance as part of the broad doctrine of New Public Management including marketization, decentralization and performance management. There is a growing accountability pressure derived from globalisation of education governance resulting in evaluation systems (Leeuw and Furubo 2008) of monitoring, inspection and oversight, and benchmarking to measure performance and assess students and teachers. Sweden and other countries’ education systems increasingly rely on evaluations of different kinds as ways to control and enhance quality and performance in education and schooling but also to support competition and school choice (Merki 2011; Pollitt and Bouckaert 2011; Dahler-Larsen 2012; Lingard and Sellar 2013; Grek and Lindgren 2014). Despite the recent recentralisation effects of evaluation systems local autonomy is still high. Actors at the municipal and school level have different conditions and varying freedom of choice for local school governance in different education systems. The local context matters in a variety of ways. Local actors can assimilate, adjust or resist state policies of for example marketization and use evaluations in different ways. 

    Evaluation systems put in place assumes that citizens are rational and active choosers using evaluation and accessible performance data for an informed choice  (Musset 2012). But research indicate that parents are primarily concerned with “the atmosphere”, “pedagogical climate”, “safety” and “reputation of the school” (Ehren, Leeuw and Scheerens 2005, p. 71). However, school choice has made parents a more powerful policy actor in local school governance (Blomqvist 2004). But not only school choice contributed to the shift from macro democracy to micro democracy (Möller 1996). So did different forms of voice options for improving participation and influence in citizens daily encounter with welfare services (Jarl 2005; Kristoffersson 2008; Dahlstedt 2009b; Holmgren et al. 2012). During the 1990s the emphasis on active citizenship and collaboration was viewed as a natural part of the democratic mission of the schools. The school should be an arena for dialogue forming an active local citizenship. Progress should be achieved from the bottom-up by those involved promoting the inclusion of parents in a form of partnership with the school (Jarl 2005; Dahlstedt 2009b). This multi-actor model of governance focusing on citizens’ agency reflect what has been called a ‘will to empower’ (Cruikshank 1999), ‘politics of activation’ (Dahlstedt 2009a) or ‘government technologies of agency’ (Dean 2010).

    Parents become a part of local school governance when they make choices, try to influence teachers, school-principals, schools administrators or local school boards. And their need of evaluation for this influence differs. Parents perceived as customers need easily accessible performance data to support informed school choice whereas parents acting as active and responsible citizens largely need the same evaluation knowledge as other policy actors. How local authorities, local school providers and schools govern their education and schooling through different forms of evaluation therefore shapes conceptions of citizenship. Studies on local policy, i.e. schools and school providers’ strategies and use of evaluation related information is scarce and there is a need for more knowledge on how it shapes citizen roles in different education systems. In this paper I therefore begin by exploring what ways are provided for parents as citizens, to influence, change and affect education in Sweden. I then turn to answer what evaluation related information is given on school and school provider websites to analyse what citizenship ideals are promoted using the categorisation developed from the channels for influence. I finish with discussing these forms of citizen power in education in relation to the more everyday encounter with teachers and school staff by drawing on previous research and interviews with parents and teachers.  

    Methodology, Methods, Research Instruments or Sources Used

    The material consists of government documents, reports, laws and regulation to explore the formal ways for parents to influence education. To explore what citizenship ideals are promoted in local school governance, I have analyzed four municipals websites and 8 school websites in these municipalities. The municipalities, all of which have populations of 75 000 – 100 000 have been selected strategically to reflect different contextual factors such as political majority, school performance, and share of independent schools. These have been anonymized and is referred to as “North”, “East”, “South” and “West”. The eight schools, two from each municipal, were also selected strategically on factors such as private or public provider, performance and socio-economic composition. By drawing on Hirschmans (Hirschman 1970) theory of exit and voice and Dahlberg and Vedungs (2001) categorisations of arguments for increased user orientation I categorize three different citizenship ideals when exploring formal ways for citizens to act and influence education in line with a politics of activation. These citizenship ideals functions as ideal types when analysing the websites and the evaluation and governance related information provided to (potential) users.

    To discuss citizen power in education and problematize how it relates to promoted citizenship ideals I draw on previous studies and research as well as interviews with parents and teachers at the schools. The interviews were conducted within the larger research project “Consequences of evaluation for school practice: steering, accountability and school development”, financed by the Swedish Research Council.

    Conclusions, expected outcomes or findings

    Preliminary findings show that there are several ways for parents to affect and influence education in Sweden. The school choice reforms have considerably improved the power of parents in local school governance positioning parents as costumers. But user power have also been strengthened through providing different ways to complain and appeal positioning citizens as right-holders. Furthermore users are positioned as partners in influencing education through parent boards. The analysis of the websites shows how municipalities respond differently to state policies and accountability pressures in their use of providing evaluation related information. Municipalities with a right-wing political majority provide extensive benchmarking systems for informed school choice making customer the dominant position. Not surprisingly, the independent schools provide more performance data for marketing than the public schools. However, some of the independent schools also provide information on their collaboration with parents, indicating a position of citizens as partners. The position of citizens as right-holders are strongest on the public schools and public providers’ websites with information on rights and ways to claim them.

    Still parents don’t use evaluation related information as intended. Rather parents use grades, tests and school information more informally directly with teachers and school staff. Teachers report an increased pressure from parents on grades and changes within school, and the threat of exit makes their voice options more viable in individual contacts with staff. At least if other alternatives are present. But there are also indications that collective voice options are not used, instead exit is chosen sometimes in combination with the individual voice option of complaints and appeals. The problem of recruiting parents for collective action in parent boards or associations and the increasing amount of individual problem solving action through appeals and complaints suggest that parents mainly govern schools through individual rather than collective action.

     

    References

    Blomqvist, P. 2004. The choice revolution: Privatization of swedish welfare services in the 1990s. Social Policy & Administration, 38, no. 2: 139-155.

    Cruikshank, B. 1999. The will to empower. Democratic citizens and other subjects.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

    Dahlberg, M., and E. Vedung 2001. Demokrati och brukarutvärdering.  Lund: Studentlitteratur.

    Dahler-Larsen, P. 2012. The evaluation society.  Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    Dahlstedt, M. 2009a. Aktiveringens politik. Demokrati och medborgarskap för ett nytt millenium.  Malmö: Liber.

    Dahlstedt, M. 2009b. Governing by partnerships: Dilemmas in swedish education policy at the turn of the millennium. Journal of Education Policy, 24, no. 6: 787-801.

    Dean, M. 2010. Governmentality. Power and rule in modern society.  Thousand Oaks: SAGE.

    Ehren, M. C. M., F. L. Leeuw, and J. Scheerens 2005. On the impact of the dutch educational supervision act: Analyzing assumptions concerning the inspection of primary education. American Journal of Evaluation, 26, no. 1: 60-76.

    Grek, S., and J. Lindgren Eds. 2014. Governing by inspection. London: Routledge.

    Hirschman, A. O. 1970. Exit, voice and loyalty. Responses to decline in firms, organizations and states.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Holmgren, M., O. Johansson, E. Nihlfors, and P. Skott 2012. Local school governance in sweden. Boards, parents and democracy. Journal of School Public Relations, 33, no. 1: 8-28.

    Jarl, M. 2005. Making user-boards a school in democracy? Studying swedish local governments. Scandinavian Political Studies, 28, no. 3: 277-294.

    Kristoffersson, M. 2008. Lokala styrelser med föräldramajoritet i grundskolan. Umeå universitet.

    Leeuw, F. L., and J.-E. Furubo 2008. Evaluation systems: What are they and why study them? Evaluation, 14, no. 2: 157-169.

    Lingard, B., and S. Sellar 2013. 'Catalyst data'. Perverse systemic effects of audit and accountability in australian schooling. Journal of Education Policy, 28, no. 5: 634-656.

    Merki, K. M. 2011. Special issue: Accountability systems and their effects on school processes and student learning. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 37, no. 4: 177-179.

    Musset, P. 2012. School choice and equity: Current poliices in oecd countries and a literature review. OECD Education Working Papers, , no. 66.

    Möller, T. 1996. Brukare och klienter i välfärdsstaten. Om missnöje och påverkansmöjligheter inom barn- och äldreomsorg.  Stockholm: Publica (Norstedts Juridik).

    Pollitt, C., and G. Bouckaert 2011. Public management reform. A comparative analysis: New public management, governance and the neo-weberian state.  New York: Oxford University Press.

  • 12.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Customers, partners, rights-holders: School evaluations on websites2016Ingår i: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 327-348Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how evaluation, which has expanded at all levels of school governance throughout Europe, shapes parental roles by studying how local school governors and schools in Sweden represent evaluation to parents on their websites. Websites are prime locations for public communications and are useful for exploring the functions of evaluations intended for parental use. In recent decades, parental influence over school has increased through “choice and voice” options, while the role of evaluations has continued to expand in school governance. Evaluations construct social roles, identities, and relations and as such are constitutive of the social world and our place in it. By drawing on Dahler-Larsen’s concept of “constitutive effects”, the discursive implications of evaluation are discussed. The dominant type of evaluation represented on websites is performance data used for accountability and informed school choice purposes. Parents are primarily positioned as customers who exert influence through choice and exit options, reinforcing the almost unquestioned norm of parental right to educational authority. Representations of evaluation differ depending on local political majority, school performance, and public versus independent provider; as such, they are not hegemonic but tend to strengthen the position of parents as individual rights-holders, marginalising forms of collective action. 

  • 13.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Do you have a complaint?: Juridification in marketized school2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Equivalence and performance gaps in Swedish school inspection: context and the politics of blame2016Ingår i: Discourse. Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, ISSN 0159-6306, E-ISSN 1469-3739, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 133-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses and critically discusses how context is relevant when constructing and upholding an equivalent education for all within the neo-liberal educational regime of marketisation and accountability. At the centre of the article is a study of national school inspection reports in four municipalities in Sweden, exploring performance gaps, equality and justice in an educational system, that for decades has emphasised universal welfare, justice and equality. By drawing on the concept of ‘the politics of blame’, findings show that accountability and blame are constructed in complex ways. Although teachers and schools are blamed for low expectations with little contextual consideration by Swedish Schools Inspectorate, local governments are blamed for not redistributing resources. This can both challenge and strengthen the contemporary regime in governing education.

  • 15.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Marknadens misslyckande?: om behovet av utökad kontroll av fristående skolor2014Ingår i: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 39-56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Market failure? The need for increased control of independent schools. This article critically analyses the introduction of an establishment control of independent schools in Sweden. I discuss how we can understand this change in the current governing regime of both marketization in terms of school choice and competition and increased central state control through national school inspections. This is done by analysing documents such as project plans and reports and interviews with employees at the Swedish Schools Inspectorate. By drawing on Bacchi’s (2009) “What’s the problem represented to be?” approach, I ask: What is the purpose of the establishment control? What problem is the new control represented to solve? For whom is the control necessary? Establishment control is represented as a problem of market risks that is justified by everyone’s gain. I argue that this is not only constructing legitimacy for school inspections but is also contributing to upholding market principles in education as such.

  • 16.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Practices of exclusion?: Complaints, gender and power in education2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores representations of gender in the neo-liberal educational regime of individualisation and governing by both marketization and increased central state control. At the centre of the paper is a study of the use of parents/students complaints to the Swedish Schools Inspectorate (SSI) and the Child and School Student Representative (CSSR). The paper focuses on the historic development of complaints and the logics underpinning its increased legalization and use. The marketization of education simultaneously tend to construct a politics of accountability and blame visible in inspection, evaluations, quality audits and ranking list. These examples of increased state control in school is part of an audit explosion as the solution to several ‘problems’ in school. What has not to the same extent been explored in this governing by evaluation is the increase in filed complaints. This appears to put more emphasis on legal claims where the individual’s right according to law is at the center, marginalizing structural and contextual factors and risking a juridification of politics. I argue that this constructs new forms of citizenship more in line with a legal rather than a political framework where the dominant logic of individual rights, and discourses of failing boys work to exclude considerations of the effects of gender and other dimensions of difference/marginalization. Emphasis on student rights have been closely connected to market logics of competition, choice and students as costumers. The two discourses seem to legitimize and reinforce each other so that social and cultural aspects of governance are neglected.

  • 17.
    Carlbaum, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Utvärdering, marknadsföring och skolval2018Ingår i: Skolan, marknaden och framtiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt och Andreas Fejes, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 245-259Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Carson, Dean B
    et al.
    Flinders University Rural Clinical School, Flinders University, Burra, Australia ; The Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Carson, Doris A
    Centre for Regional Engagement, University of South Australia, Whyalla, Australia.
    Local economies of mobility in sparsely populated areas: cases from Australia's spine2014Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 36, s. 340-349Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing contemporary body of literature about the 'new mobilities' – increasingly mobile populations and their impacts on local economies, particularly in more sparsely populated areas of developed nations. Much of the focus has been on the 'fly in/fly out' workforce associated with mining projects, but attention has also been paid to increasing numbers of 'fly in/fly out' workers in the health sector, the changing nature of tourist populations, the use of temporary contract labour for government administration, and the movement of Indigenous people from remote communities into urban centres. This paper uses five case examples in South Australia and the Northern Territory (Australia's 'spine') to examine the diversity of experiences of the new mobilities. The paper presents a framework for investigating new mobilities at the local settlement level through developing an understanding of macro and micro factors driving mobility and the consequences in terms of aspects of social and economic distance between mobile populations and host communities. The framework provides for useful insights to be drawn from secondary data sources including the Australian Census and tourist surveys. The paper concludes that the geographic characteristics of short term mobility observed in this research essentially conform to the 'Eight Ds' model of the human and economic geography of sparsely populated areas.

  • 19.
    Carson, Dean B
    et al.
    Flinders University.
    Wellstead, Adam
    Government with a Cast of Dozens: Policy Capacity Risks and Policy Work in the Northern Territory2015Ingår i: Australian journal of public administration, ISSN 0313-6647, E-ISSN 1467-8500, Vol. 74, nr 2, s. 162-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are a number challenges to maintaining high-quality policy capacity in sparsely populated areas such as Australia's Northern Territory (e.g. natural resource dependent economy, prominence of Indigenous issues, provision of local services). Moreover, the Territory government has recently been undergoing a host of public sector changes. This paper utilises survey methodologies of policy workers that were recently developed in Canada and examines nine risk factors to policy work. A survey of 119 policy workers in the Northern Territory was conducted in 2013. The analysis examined four key policy-work areas (policy activities, barriers, areas for improved policy capacity, nature of change in work environment). The survey findings offer some practical insights for managers. Formal policy-work training is recognised as critical. Policy capacity may be increased through better inter-departmental (and potentially inter-governmental) cooperation and information sharing, more opportunities to engage with non-governmental stakeholders, and more opportunities for those leaving the full-time Northern Territory policy workforce to continue to contribute. From a conceptual point of view, the extent to which policy capacity' as commonly conceived in the literature is applicable to contexts, such as Australia's Northern Territory, warrants further examination.

  • 20.
    Copus, Colin
    et al.
    De Montfort University, UK.
    Iglesias, Angel
    University Rey Juan Carlos, Spain.
    Hacek, Miro
    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Illner, Michael
    Prague Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Have mayors will travel: trends and developments in the direct election of the mayor : a five-nation study2016Ingår i: Local public sector reforms in times of crisis: national trajectories and international comparisons / [ed] Sabine Kuhlmann, Geert Bouckaert, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, s. 301-315Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Whether citizens should directly elect the mayor or whether only councilors should be able to indirectly choose the local political governing body to the exclusion of the public from the process is one of the most controversial debates around the reform of local government—at least for policy makers and councilors. Debates about direct or indirect election of local political leaders focus on different interpretations of political concepts such as: the legitimacy to act, visibility and profile of local leaders, transparency of political decision-making processes, accountability, and the role of the citizen in local representative democracy. The chapter takes five European countries selected because of their different political traditions and structures, to assess the nature of the policy debate about the selection of the local political leader. It does this to assess how far path-dependent responses to reform have influenced political change or whether crisis moments provide opportunities for new considerations about the reform of local politics to emerge.

  • 21.
    Cutas, Daniela
    University of Gothenburg.
    Children with Gender Identity Disorder: a Clinical, Ethical, and Legal Analysis. Author: Simona Giordano, 2013, Published by Routledge2015Ingår i: Analize – Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies, Vol. 4, nr 18, s. 117-125Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22. Duit, Andreas
    et al.
    Löf, Annette
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Dealing With a Wicked Problem?: A Dark Tale of Carnivore Management in Sweden 2007-20112018Ingår i: Administration & Society, ISSN 0095-3997, E-ISSN 1552-3039, Vol. 50, nr 8, s. 1072-1096Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we investigate whether increased participation offers a way of addressing wicked policy problems. We utilize a natural policy experiment in the form of a 2010 reform of Swedish wildlife management policy aiming to solve longstanding conflicts over predators through increased stakeholder participation in regional Wildlife Management Boards. Using a panel study design containing quantitative and qualitative data, we estimate pre- and post-reform levels of three wickedness-reducing mechanisms: legitimacy, deliberation, and conflict intensity. Despite a substantial increase in participation, we find no evidence of reduced wickedness after the reform.

  • 23.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ett uthålligt språk: genomförande av lagarna om användning av minoritetsspråk i förvaltningsområdena i Norrbottens län åren 2000-20042005Ingår i: Nationella minoriteter och minoritetsspråk, Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag , 2005, s. 75-196Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Enbom, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Öhman, Adam
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Institutionella villkor för mediehantering: en jämförande kartläggning mellan socialtjänst, skola och polis2014Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    För offentliga organisationer kan mediers granskning uppfattas som problematisk. Representanter för socialtjänstorganisationer har i flera uppmärksammade fall framstått som handfallna när de konfronterats med medier. Under senare år har offentliga organisationer kommit att utveckla mer professionella mediestrategier. Artikeln rapporterar resultat från en nationellt representativ enkät om mediehantering inom socialtjänst, skola och polis.

  • 25.
    Feltenius, David
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wide, Jessika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Business as usual?: Civil society organizations in a marketized Swedish welfare state2019Ingår i: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 230-248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to examine the participation of pensioners’ organizations in a context of marketization within local elderly care. The literature on New Public Management (NPM) points out different views on the effects of marketization on the participation of civil society organizations within the decision-making process. One view states marketization implies less of participation by civil society organizations since this stands in conflict with inherent values of NPM, such as efficiency and the citizen as customer on a market. An opposite view states that marketization does not cause this effect, i.e., civil society organizations participate in the same manner as before. The empirical investigation consists of results from a questionnaire sent out to pensioners’ organizations in Swedish municipalities with a marketized elderly care. The main result is that marketization does not cause any major crowding out effect on civil society organizations from the decision-making process. However, according to the survey, there exists a variation in this respect – participation varies between municipalities.

  • 26.
    Granström, Görel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Landström, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Mannelqvist, Ruth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Sundström, Lotta
    Åklagarmyndigheten.
    Pilotprojekt för arbete med bemötande av brottsoffer: ett bemötandeprojekt riktat till åklagare2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Grape, Owe
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Blom, BjörnUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.Johansson, Roine
    Organisation och omvärld: nyinstitutionell analys av människobehandlande organisationer2006Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Gren, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kommun i delar: en utvärdering av Umeås kommundelsorganisation2009Ingår i: Kan kommuner lära av varandra över Kvarken?: Exemplen kommundelsnämnder och kommunsamarbete / [ed] Anders Lidström och Hannu Katajamäki, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2009, s. 7-54Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 29.
    Halleröd, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Gordon, David
    Ritakallio, Veli-Matti
    Relative deprivation: a comparative analysis of Britain, Finland and Sweden2006Ingår i: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 328-345Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 30.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Democratic accountability in decentralized governance2006Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Evaluation and democratic accountability2006Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Evaluation in Local School Governance: a framework of analysis2016Ingår i: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 7, nr 2, artikel-id 29914Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article develops a conceptual framework for exploring the role and consequences of evaluation at the local level of school governance. It also provides a frame of reference for the articles in this special issue on the role of evaluation in local school governance in Sweden. It consists of key concepts, three models of decentralised governance (state model, local government model and multi-actor model of governance) and four types of evaluation (indicator-based monitoring and evaluation systems; stand-alone evaluations; synthesis studies; and informal, occasional or everyday evaluations). Local school governance refers to governance that occurs in a municipality and in a quasi-market where local school actors govern and influence schooling and education. It includes the efforts of actors and institutions to govern and influence matters such as school policy, education, school climate and school safety. Evaluation is used as a generic term that refers to, for example, evaluation, inspection, quality assurance, ranking and to both stand-alone evaluations and evaluation systems. The article briefly demonstrates how the framework can be applied in an analysis of the role of evaluation at the local level of school governance by providing an example, and discusses the framework’s advantages and limitations.

  • 33.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Lindgren, Lena
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Lundström, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Performance fixation? Use, functions and constitutive effects of evaluation in local school governance2014Ingår i: ECER 2014, The Past, the Present and the Future of Educational Research, 2014, s. 1-4Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 34.
    Hansson-Forman, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Reimerson, Elsa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sjölander-Lindqvist, Annelie
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Governing Large Carnivores: Comparative Insights from Three Different Countries2018Ingår i: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 31, nr 7, s. 837-852Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The governance of large carnivores are often surrounded by conflicts. Along with the difficulties of governing large carnivores through centralized, top-down governing and a general shift toward participatory approaches in natural resource governance, this has led many countries to establish various collaborative measures in large carnivore governance - often presented as catch-all solutions to problems of legitimacy, democratic deficit and effectiveness. However, the field of large carnivore governance currently lacks a coherent understanding of strenghts and weaknesses of different kinds of collaborative arrangements. In this paper, we address this knowledge gap. Using the framework of modes of governance to categorize and compare the governance of large carnivores in Norway, Sweden and Finland, we discuss the potential and limitations of various governance modes and identify gaps in contemporary research literature. The main conclusion is that all three governance systems need to incorporate more interactive governance elements.

  • 35.
    Hedström, Marcus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling.
    Hinder för elevinflytande2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 36.
    Heidari, Maneli
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Att kvotera eller inte kvotera: Debatten i riksdagen2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This study investigates how the eight swedish parliamentary parties arguments regarding gender quotas. The timeboundary is set between the years 2010-2014. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the swedish parliamentary parties argument for and against a legislation of gender quotas on corporate boards. Since women are underrepresented in corporate boards, a theory of feminism was appopirate. In order to perform this study the teory is based on the three main perspectives of feminism, liberal, radical and socialist feminism. This is presented through a analysis based on feminist ideas in the political parties argumentation within the labor force committee in the swedish parliament. The results presented a huge divide within the question of equality and how the political parties presented solutions in order to resolve the issue of underrepresentation of women in corporate boards.

     

    The political parties to the left point out that the main problem lies within patriarchy which correspond to more radical feminist thoughts. The political parties to the left pointed out liberal feminist ways resolving the issue of equality and legislation in corporate boards. Conclusions made from this study is that the majority of the swedish parliamentary parties mix arguments and ideas from all of the three feminist perspectives. All of the parties standpoints can be related to how they are placed in a right-left scale.

     

     

    Keywords: gender quota, corporate boards, sweden, feminism, liberal feminism, radical feminism, socialist feminism, parliamentary parties, political parties

  • 37.
    Hertzberg, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Avbrott i policy inom gruvnäring: Policyutveckling i fallen Rönnbäcken och Kallak2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien utgår från två fall av gruvetablering, Rönnbäcken och Kallak, vilka har liknande utgångspunkter men resulterat i olika utfall. Respektive länsstyrelse har i de två fallen yttrat sig jakande respektive nekande. Studien är ett fall av myndighetsutövning i två fall av bearbetningskoncession och syftar till att förklara varför olika beslut fattats i fallen Rönnbäcken och Kallak. Det teoretiska ramverket utgår från Punctuated Equilibrium theory vilket belyser fyra faktorer av vikt för beslut, yttranden och processen i sig i de två fallen. Utgångspunkten är teoriprövande där det teoretiska ramverket används förklarande i och med de olika utfallen. Studien använder sig av processpårning och analyserar därigenom kvantitet såväl som innehåll och tendenser i bland annat artiklar, protokoll, lagar och yttranden.

     

    Studien utgör ett bidrag till existerande forskningslitteratur inom området gruvnäring och stärker i och med slutsatser, förklaringspotentialen hos Punctuated equilibrium theory. Ytterligare slutsatser innefattar att det avstyrkande yttrandet och beslutet i fallet Kallak tyder på policyförändringar där fallet Kallak mycket väl kan påverka utkomsten i fallet Rönnbäcken. Attention och New participants ses som de viktigaste faktorerna i initiering av policyförändring.

  • 38.
    Holgersson, Annelie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Kirurgi.
    Strandh, Veronica
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Emergency organizations' diverging perceptions of terrorist attacks2016Ingår i: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 82-94Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse how the police, the rescue services and the emergency medical services perceive the threat of terrorism and preparedness for a terrorist-induced crisis. It also aims to unravel differences among the emergency organizations and to discuss their potential implications for emergency preparedness.

    Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected using a questionnaire distributed to operational personnel from the emergency services in eight Swedish counties; 864 responses were received and analysed.

    Findings – There were significant differences between the police, rescue and ambulance services regarding perceptions of event likelihood, willingness to respond, estimated management capability and level of confidence with tasks to be performed on-scene. Perceived likelihood of events appeared affected by institutional logic; events within their respective domain of responsibility were perceived as more likely. The police stood out in many aspects, with more personnel with experience of violence on duty and a high grading of the probability of terrorist attacks compared to the other organizations. Fewer police had high estimates of their organizations’ management capability and knowledge of tasks on-scene.

    Practical implications – Differences in perspectives of terrorism preparedness and response among the emergency services were shown, highlighting the importance of enabling inter-organizational insights on safety culture, with risk awareness and management strategies, as well as knowledge of the other organizations’ institutional logics and main tasks, so as to achieve an effective, collaborative response to terrorism-induced crises.

    Originality/value – Little research has been conducted comparatively with regard to the emergency services and their perceptions of terrorism-specific threats and preparedness, particularly in the Swedish context.

     

  • 39.
    Holmgren, Lina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Protected area governance in Sweden: new modes of governance or business as usual?2017Ingår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 22-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores whether ambitions to open up the traditional Swedish model of top-down conservation methods to local influences are indicative of an actual transition in governance of Swedish national park policy (NPP), and examines whether such a shift entails an increase in local influence over local interests and needs. Methodologically, we analyse a combination of governance types and incorporate theoretical definitions of power and accountability. The establishment of new governance arrangements – where power is shared, interactions promoted and accountability is directed downwards – indicates that Sweden's NPP is undergoing a change in its mode of governance. This change also seems to include ceding some influence to local interests, and the possibility of combining conservation with the utilisation of certain natural resources. The results of our research also provide valuable insights into when the establishment of shared-governance arrangements are likely to succeed; in short, this seems more likely when there are established sectors sited in a robust legal framework and where strong international commitments potentially play a role. In conclusion, we contend that when seeking diversified governance arrangements it is not enough simply to take local practices and customs into consideration – they have to be strengthened.

  • 40.
    Hongslo, Eirin
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
    Hovik, Sissel
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Aasen Lundberg, Aase Kristine
    Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
    Decentralization of Conservation Management in Norway and Sweden—Different Translations of an International Trend2016Ingår i: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 29, nr 8, s. 998-1014Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    International policy trends are always transformed and translated to fit the political and administrative systems in which they are introduced. An international trend of decentralization has resulted in conservation management systems in Sweden and Norway that differ, both in the choice of institutional solution and in the scope of change. This is surprising, as conservation management in the two countries was originally very similar. Nature conservation was managed through hierarchical systems dominated by bureaucratic experts. While Sweden has introduced co-management in a few protected areas only, Norway has devolved powers in all large conservation areas to intermunicipal management boards. Through document studies, we investigate how decentralization interacts with the broader systems of political actors and institutions of which nature conservation is a part.

  • 41.
    Hover, Hans Christian
    et al.
    Norway.
    Merok Paulsen, Jan
    Norway.
    Nihlfors, Elisabet
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling. Uppsala Universitet .
    Kofod, Klaus Kasper
    Denmark.
    Kanervio, Pekka
    Finland.
    Pulkkinen, Seppo
    Finland.
    Control and trust in local school governance2014Ingår i: School Boards in the Governance Process  / [ed] Lejf Moos & Jan Merok Paulsen, Dordrecht: Springer, 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Höög, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Johansson, OlofUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Framgångsrika skolor: mer om kultur, struktur, ledarskap2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppen struktur, kultur och ledarskap bildar tillsammans ett skarpt verktyg i analysen av en skolas förmåga att uppnå sina mål. Denna tes har varit vägledande i ett forskningsprojekt som författarna bedrivit, och som 2011 resulterade i en bok med titeln: Struktur, kultur, ledarskap – förutsättningar för framgångsrika skolor. Föreliggande bok fördjupar våra kunskaper om vad som kännetecknar framgångsrika skolor, och ska ses som en vidareutveckling av resultaten från 2011.

  • 43.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Participation and deliberation in Swedish forest governance: The process of initiating a National Forest Program2016Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 70, s. 137-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last two decades intergovernmental organizations have supported the initiation of National Forest Programs (NFPs): forums for joint deliberation by the state, private companies and NGOs that are intended to resolve conflicts over forestry and enhance sustainability. However, NFPs do not always reconcile conflicting perspectives or produce legitimate strategies for sustainable forestry. Thus, further analysis of NFPs organization and processes is required, including exploration of effective means to address such challenges in early stages. These are key concerns of this paper, focusing on the first process to establish a Swedish NFP. Possibilities for an NFP to constitute a new arena for deliberation and consensus-building, producing forest policy statements and action plans considered legitimate by various stakeholders, are discussed. A number of key challenges are identified through a theoretical framework based on notions regarding the input and output legitimacy of collaborative governance. Analysis of official documentation, records of public hearings and stakeholder comments from the establishment phase in 2013-2015 suggests that the process will continually face a number of challenges, including balancing production and conservation values in the new bio-economy and securing equal stakeholder participation. The paper concludes with some remarks on the future of the NFP process. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 44.
    Johansson, Olof
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling.
    Nihlfors, Elisabet
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling. Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Jervik Steen, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling.
    School Boards in Sweden2014Ingår i: School Boards in the Governance Process / [ed] Leif Moos, & Jan Merok Paulsen, Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2014, s. 67-83Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The school law has strengthened the rights for the pupils and parents not only through the possibility to choose the school but also to test decisions taken by the law in court. The state inspection has a great number of possibilities to act against schools that don’t fulfill the law.

    When the principal needed support, they gave their demands to the school owner. We call this “under-pressure”. Often the demands are about resources. These negotiations affect the relations between the principal and the school owner, as well as between principals, teachers, and parents who have often been involved.

    The strong and direct state regulation of the schools, together with a separate system for the allocation of money between states and municipalities, seems to have strengthened the relation between the state and the school and weakened the relation between the schools and the municipality (Nihlfors E, Johansson O, Rektor – en stark länk i styrningen av skolan [The school principal-a strong linkage in school governing]. SNS Förlag, Stockholm, 2013).

    At the same time, well-educated, dedicated board members with an interest in education work as spare-time politicians and want to make a difference. The communication with the principals is not frequent, and they heavily rely on the information from the superintendent. Also the board members look to the national level and trust the state inspection more than they trust their own evaluations.

  • 45.
    Kofod, Klaus Kasper
    et al.
    Department of Education and Pedagogy, Aarhus University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Paulsen, Jan Merok
    Faculty of Teacher Education and International Studies, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway .
    Johansson, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Pulkkinen, Seppo
    Institute of Educational Leadership, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland .
    Kanervio, Pekka
    Institute of Educational Leadership, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland .
    The School Boards between Power and Influence2014Ingår i: School Boards in the Governance Process / [ed] L. Moos, & J. Merok Paulsen, Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2014, s. 117-133Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The decentralized Scandinavian school structure with the municipal school committee as a central factor between the municipal council and other school interests gives the school board a central role in the implementation of the centrally decided school legislation from the parliament. Therefore, the central questions in modern Scandinavian schooling are: what are the ways of influence and what power mechanisms are in play throughout the schooling system.

    The chapter will investigate what power and influence mean in a school board context. We will conduct comparisons across countries and look into which influence and power relations there are between the school committee as the central focal point and the schools’ most important interests. Therefore, we will look at the relations between the board and the national parliamentary level, the superintendent/the municipal administration, the chair of the board, the principals/schools and lastly the parents and the students. These relations between the board and its stakeholders will be analysed in the terms of power and influence in this chapter.

  • 46.
    Kolam, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jämställdhet - en utmaning för rektor och förskolechef2014Ingår i: Ledarskap i centrum: Om rektor och förskolechef / [ed] Monika Törnsén & Helene Ärlestig, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, s. 113-130Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 47.
    Kolam, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Swedish government's ICT-policy2004Ingår i: International conference on politics and information systems: technologies and applications, vol 2 / [ed] Carrasquero, JV; Welsch, F; Oropeza, A, Orlando: International Institute of Informatics and Systemics , 2004, s. 315-320Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1990s the Swedish Government put forward the country's first two bills concerning ICT. The main aim is that "Sweden will be the first country to become an information society for all". This paper analyses the Government's policy style, ie the government's approach to ICT. The conclusion is that it is both reactive and proactive. It is reactive in the sense that the vision and many of the goals are the same in other European states. Sweden is too small a country to be leading in all developments. The proactive approach is about the Government's efforts to make use of the advantages Sweden has: a high level of education, a society driven by technological progress, technological knowledge, etc. All political parties in Parliament are favourable. ICT is seen as the solution to many problems: growth, unemployment gender inequality, regional development etc. In this regard one may conclude that ICT has created a national policy window for the elite.

  • 48.
    Landström, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Eklund, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Naarttijärvi, Markus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Legal limits to prioritisation in policing: challenging the impact of centralisation2019Ingår i: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article illustrates, through a combination of administrative and legal perspectives, how ambitions to centralise prioritisation decisions within a police organisation can be limited by the legal rules relating to crime investigations and public order policing. As a case study, we use the centralisation of the Swedish Police, a reform intending to reduce the previously far-reaching operational independence of regional police authorities in favour of a centralised and uniform single authority. Through this case study, we analyse the interaction between the legal and institutional frameworks of policing and prosecution, including positive obligations enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights. We conclude that legal responsibilities affecting the Swedish Police may significantly limit the possibility for managers and officers to de-prioritise many cases and public order concerns, which, in turn, may limit the ability to divert resources to other—centrally prioritised—tasks. Failure to account for such limits may cause reform ambitions to collide with legal responsibilities in day-to-day operative policing. The results indicate that research into organisational reform and police prioritisation may benefit from a more systemic analysis of the legal and institutional factors limiting institutional discretion.

  • 49.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Asymmetrisk ansvarsfördelning på kommunal nivå: Underlagsrapport till Kommunutredningen Fi 2017:022018Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 50.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Between localism and city-regionalism: Patterns of citizens’ attitudes in two Swedish city-regions2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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