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  • 1. Adelmann, Kenneth
    et al.
    Bergman, Lotta
    Dahlbeck, Per
    Hermansson, Carina
    Malmö högskola.
    Jönsson, Karin
    Nygård Larsson, Pia
    Olsson Jers, Cecilia
    Persson, Magnus
    Thavenius, Marie
    Widén, Pär
    Språkutveckling, medier och demokrati2014In: Medie- och informationskunnighet i Norden: en nyckel till demokrati och yttrandefrihet / [ed] Ulla Carlsson, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2014, p. 117-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2. Alm, Göran
    et al.
    Houltz, Anders
    Johansson, Björn Axel
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Stendahl, Jenny
    I världsutställningarnas tid: kungahus, näringsliv & medier2017Book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Anders, Norén
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Ya know, I don't mind being labeled a crackhead.": En semiotisk analys av hur tv-spelet Grand Theft Auto V skildrar hudfärg, klass och kön2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the representation of race, social class and gender in the 2013 video game Grand Theft Auto V. Postcolonial theory, including terms such as cultural hegemony, whiteness and Michel Foucaults definition of power, has served as the basis for the analysis. The postcolonial theory has been combined with class theory and gender theory for an intersectional analysis. Semiotic analysis has been used as the method in the thesis, and a total of nine story missions – three for each protagonist in the game – have constituted the material. The analysis has shown that Grand Theft Auto V contains stereotypical depictions of non-hegemonic groups in society, and that these depictions serve to perpetuate negative myths about members of ethnic minorities and the working class.

  • 4. Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Efter The Pirate Bay2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilket slags Internet vill vi egentligen ha? Vem skall bestämma över nätet, och enligt vilka kriterier? Hur bör en progressiv nätpolitik se ut? Var utspelar sig samtidens mest brännande nätpolitiska konflikter? Hur skall man förstå den delandets kultur som präglar Internet? Om fildelning är en folkrörelse, är det rimligt att kriminalisera en hel ungdomsgeneration? Kan upphovsrätten modifieras? Vilka framtida affärsmodeller för kultur- och mediedistribution existerar? Efter The Pirate Bay kan ett antal lärdomar dras. De bör ligga till grund för, och användas i utformandet av en progressiv digitalpolitisk agenda.

  • 5.
    Angvarson, Elin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nilsson, Jesper
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jag är inte porrmoralist, men...: En diskursanalys av pornografidebatten i svensk press år 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the opinions of pornography in the Swedish press 2016. To perform this, a quantitative method and discourse analysis on 139 published texts have been used. This study shows that the year of 2016 primarily is focused on a strong sence of concern about the effects of pornography rather than the industry itself, and the concerns are primarily rooted in anxiety of the effects on pornography-consumers, that is primarily young boys and men. The debate that is mainly represented by women with a great variety of work titles like scholars, criminologist, politicians, mothers, columnists, and film directors. The articles used for this study were found in newspapers and magazines from all over Sweden. When opinions about pornography is expressed it's usually a negative or critical opinions. If the opinion is positive or defending towards pornography it's usually a response to an already written negative or critical article. The critic is from different feminist theories, pro and counter arguments from both radical- and liberal feminism. Arguments that has its roots in the three counter waves during the 70's-, 80's- and 21's centrury is portrayed by the liberal feminist Petra Östergren in the publication Porr, Horor och Feminister. Some of the feminist arguments occur in contexts that describes the effects of pornography like something that inspire men and young boys to commit violent crimes. But there are also some arguments from the liberal feminist side that is more positive and that is arguing against the fact that women's pleasure is excluded from the male influenced debate. In the beginning of 2016 was the debate mostly focused on violence in pornography, that after a criminologist by the name Nina Rung published an article about sexuell crimes. During the summer the debate was mostly focused on sexual assaults due to the high numbers of assaults and harassments during the summer festivals. It will not be until october that the debate reached its heights, due to an article about the negative effects of pornography written by a group of politicians, tv-personalities and celebrities. Opinions that are possible to recognise during the rest of the year are adults and their concerns for kids and youths. A will to protect children and teenagers from pornography are strongly defined, but also a major discussion about sex norms and ideal in pornography are to be seen during 2016. The effect of pornography are also included in contexts like pornography- or emotional-impotence. An interesting part of the discourse analysis is the concept disclaimer. A linguistic discourse concept introduced by the researcher Teun A. van Dijk. The term have been used frequently by the counter porn critics. “I'm no moralist, but…” is an usual term used by the porn critics, something that could be used due to today's desire and habbit of building once’s own identity in our social media-opinion bubbles. 

  • 6.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö högskola.
    Mejtoft, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    The media consumers' conscious and unconscious choices: a key to understanding the news media consumption of tomorrow2014In: Communication électronique, cultures et identités: actes du colloque international organisé au Havre les 11, 12 et 13 juin 2014, Editions Klog , 2014, p. 521-528Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digital society of today is dramatically different than that of a decade ago. During the past decades computers have gone from being clearly visible and at the center of attention to becoming an integrated and omnipresent part of our everyday lives. Today, individuals are catching up on a reality where homes, workplaces and society to a large extent consist of microprocessors that collect, analyze and present information. With regards to news and information sharing, it may seem that the users, thanks to greater ability to choose content, hold the upper hand in this process. However, since these data are constantly collected and analyzed for various purposes by companies, for example in the media industry, the users’ choices may not be as unconditional as they may think they are.Using the Swedish media market as an example, this exploratory paper discusses the interdependency between people’s choices and the market-driven choices made by the media industry in relation to news, and the impact these choices may have on media consumption and the media market.

  • 7.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Sara, Leckner
    Malmö högskola.
    Mejtoft, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Mediekonsumentens medvetna och omedvetna val: en nyckel till morgondagens mediekonsumtion2014In: Medie-Sverige: statistik och analys. 2014 / [ed] Ulla Carlsson & Ulrika Facht, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2014, p. 29-37Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Arvidsson, Alf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Barbro Klein (1938-2018)2018In: Fabula, ISSN 0014-6242, E-ISSN 1613-0464, Vol. 59, no 3-4, p. 310-312Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9. Attemark-Gillgren, Jenny
    et al.
    Snickars, PelleUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Digitala modeller: teknikhistoria och digitaliseringens specificitet2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Modeller är vanliga både på museer och inom universitet. På ett museum är en modell ofta en förminskad version av ett objekt, och inom vetenskapen representerar en modell en uppsättning entiteter med vissa egenskaper. Modeller skapar översikt; de balanserar mellan enkelhet och komplexitet där avvägningar mellan förklarande och förutsägande modeller är av vikt. I den här boken används modellbegreppet i flera betydelser: som fram- ställningssätt, som avbildning, som förenkling och som vetenskaplig metod. Boken utgår från ett forskningsprojekt som på olika sätt digitaliserat tre teknikhistoriska samlingar på Tekniska museet i syfte att undersöka digitaliseringens möjligheter och effekter. Carl Sahlins bergshistoriska samling är museets största enskilda arkiv, årsboken Daedalus var under många år museets främsta publicistiska organ, och Polhems trämodeller i det mekaniska alfabetet är ett av museets äldsta och mest omhuldade objekt. Boken visar att digitalisering av kulturarv inte är någon entydig verksamhet. Genom traditionell digitalisering (Sahlin), massdigitalisering (Daedalus), och 3D-digitalisering (Polhem) kan den digitala teknikens möjligheter användas för att generera ny kunskap om teknik- och industrihistoria.

  • 10. Attemark-Gillgren, Jenny
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Teknikhistoria och digitaliseringens specificitet: en inledning2019In: Digitala modeller: teknikhistoria och digitaliseringens specificitet / [ed] Jenny Attemark-Gillgren & Pelle Snickars, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2019, p. 11-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Bengtsson, Petter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Monika Djerf-Pierre & Mats Ekström (red.), A history of Swedish broadcasting: Communivative ethos, genres and institutional change (Göteborg: Nordicom 2013). 379 s. Juhanni Wiio (red.), Den finska televisionens milstolpar: Program och progamproduktion under fem årtionden (Göteborg: Nordicom 2014). 249 s.2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 1, p. 125-128Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bergvall, Fanny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekot av normerna: En diskursanalytisk studie av hur kön konstrueras i Dagens Ekos nyhetssändningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s most trusted news distributor, Sveriges Radio (Swedish Public Service radio broadcaster), has high ambitions with the journalism it broadcasts – especially when it comes to gender equality and diversity. This thesis examines how gender is constructed in Dagens Eko (Today’s Echo) to find if and how power structures are expressed language-wise. Queer theory is used to look at how gender is constructed and how one can look at, and question, gender and gender hierarchies. Intersectionality is used to find how different power structures work together, combined with theories about how journalism constructs truth. At the same time the thesis is also evaluating different choices of theories and methods, to find strengths and weaknesses for future research purposes. 

    The analysis is based on materials from domestic news segments from Dagens Eko, consisting of one week’s broadcasts in January 2015. Critical linguistics is used as a method, with emphasis on Halliday’s functional grammar, as a part of Fairclough’s three-layer model. Through the eye of critical discourse analysis, this study shows that gender is constructed through language, more specifically via categorization and stereotyping. The thesis conducts that the use of so called cases, people who are in the news segments to give a more human perspective on the subject, is problematic because this is as also a way of efficiently constructing stereotypes. The thesis also concludes that while using statistics to present more equal representation in the news, this is not enough.

  • 13.
    Bjurner, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Det är så mycket män överallt": En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga sportjournalister i en mansdominerad bransch2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was focused to highlight the problems that comes with being a minority on a workplace, in this case female sports journalist who are working in a male dominated sports field. The objective was to find out how the female sports journalist was experiencing working in such a domain, with focus on journalists who works on local news papers. The study also wanted to look on how these workplaces incorporated gender in their daily work. 

          In combination with gender theory, with concepts as masculine hegemony and power structures, I also choose to apply the american researcher Rosabeth M Kanters concept ”token”. With these aspects in mind I analyzed the five interviews that I carried out with female sports journalist with a qualitative data analysis. 

              The results of the study showed that the female sports journalist in some aspects were aware of the difficulties of being a woman in a male dominated area – when they were talking about the profession at large. But on the other hand they were not as aware when it came to their own situation. Even though the gender problems that comes with being a woman in a patriarchal society, in combination with the minority-issue, the respondents did not express their situation in terms of problem, even though their stories of interview situations for example showed the opposite. 

                In conclusion, the study showed that even though the respondents really enjoyed their work, even though it was not always easy to cope with. But since their own interest in sports and the profession lead them there in the first place, the obstacles created in society like the minority role they were in or the fact that they are women in a patriarchal society, they kept working in the profession despite the resistance. 

  • 14.
    Björk, Johannes
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Fletcher, Alex
    Gush, Rose-Anne
    AND: PHENOMENOLOGY OF THE END2016In: Philosophy of Photography, ISSN 2040-3682, E-ISSN 2040-3690, Vol. 7, no 1-2, p. 171-175Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    AND – PHENOMENOLOGY OF THE END, FRANCO ‘BIFO’ BERARDI (2015) Semiotext(e), South Pasadena, 355 pp., ISBN-13, p/bk, 9781584351702, £12.47PHOTOGRAPHY AND ITS VIOLATIONS, JOHN ROBERTS (2014) New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 232, ISBN: 9780231168182, h/bk, £20.67ON PHOTOGRAPHY, WALTER BENJAMIN AND ESTHER LESLIE (ED. AND TRANS.) (2015) London: Reaktion Books, 160 pp., 31 Illustrations, ISBN: 9781780235257, p/bk, £14.95

  • 15.
    Björnham, Alexandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Agile communication for a greener world2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a research focused organization the problem with making the information easily read and interesting to the extent that the reader wants to share this information with its friends is a crucial one. To create the perfect communication, reaching and affecting the majority of society is an impossible task. If the focus instead lies on the thought that by building a serious and dependable reputation, using the ease of social media and trying to create a ripple effect to make change by networking communication, there is a possibility to influence.

    The art of persuasion starts by building trust in a person or in this case in an organization. But if the communication is made by social media, how can one tell if the communication has built trust or created any positive response by the readers?

    By using Python, a search algorithm has been set up for mining Twitter and analyzing all data covering the area of biofuel and its participants. This data is then used to start an information feedback loop, where the analytical conclusions made from the retrieved information and activities can affect the communication forwarded from the sender. In an agile manner the user is to choose “sprint”-time as well as a time for retrospect, all to refine the analytical method and improve the process.

  • 16. Borg, Alexandra
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Bokmediets omvandling: en lägesrapport2016In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 1-23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapport från ett nyligen avslutat forsknings- och samtalsprojekt: "Kod[ex]. Bokmediets omvandling".

  • 17.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Digital aktivism2012In: Nya medier och kommunikation: Makt och meningsskapande i den digitala tidsåldern / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, 1, p. 87-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Chan, Lih Shing
    et al.
    Community College of City University.
    Liong, Chan Ching Mario
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sexualized Female Bodies: Gender Implications on the Characterization of Lengmo in Hong Kong Print Media2012In: Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences, ISSN 1021-3619, Vol. 42, no Spring/Summer, p. 83-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [zh]

    In recent years, lengmo has emerged as a popular and controversial subject in Hong Kong society. Literally meaning naïve young model, lengmo is a relatively new occupation that allows young women who lack the figure of professional models to enter the entertainment industry. These young women, mostly in sexy appearance, become a social phenomenon propelled by local print media. This paper analyzes how Hong Kong print media characterize lengmo by endorsing them as sexualized subjects. These characterizations imply the discourse of sexualizing female bodies. Although seemingly pushing the expression of female sexuality into social spaces, they do not liberate women in pursuit of sexual autonomy. Such implication entails the patriarchal ideology in which the operation of local print media is grounded.

  • 19. Cronqvist, Marie
    et al.
    Lundell, Patrik
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Inledning2014In: Återkopplingar / [ed] Marie Cronqvist, Patrik Lundell & Pelle Snickars, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2014, p. 9-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Cronqvist, Marie
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lundell, PatrikLunds universitet.Snickars, PelleUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Återkopplingar2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det bedrivs alltför lite mediehistorisk forsk­ning i Sverige. Mediehistoria kan – och bör – skrivas på många olika sätt. En ambition inom den kulturhistoriska medieforskning som presenteras i den kommande boken, Återkopplingar, är att genom ett breddat mediebegrepp och historisk sensi­bilitet uppdatera mediestudiet. Förnyelsen sker inte sällan i skärningspunkten mellan den ofta teknikdeterministiska mediearkeologin och den historiskt lika anspråksfulla som problematiska medialiseringsteorin.

    I denna bok presenteras 19 mediehistoriska texter som behandlar medieformer som skrivbord, papper, affischer, kassetter, fisheye­ linser, radio, telegraf, film, smarta telefoner, litografier, dagstidningar, mikrofilm, begagna­ de mp3­-filer, krigsbyten, biblioteksbyggnader och ölkrus. I boken presenteras en rad sam­tida perspektiv på förflutna medier – allt i form av en icke-­linjär växelverkan mellan nu och då – därav titeln: Återkopplingar.

  • 21. Czaika, Otfried
    et al.
    Nordin, JonasSnickars, Pelle
    Information som problem: medieanalytiska texter från medeltid till framtid2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med hjälp av ett långt tidsperspektiv försöker den här boken tematiskt att undersöka informationsförsörjningens kontinuiteter och avbrott. Ambitionen varit att berätta och belysa, diskutera och spekulera om informationsförsörjningens svårigheter, möjligheter och utmaningar i det förflutna, i nuet och i framtiden. Vad är information? Är information detsamma som kunskap? Har värderingen av information förändrats över tid? Är all information viktig? Är all information nyttig? Vem kontrollerar informationen? Skall information kontrolleras Kan information vara fri?

  • 22.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    et al.
    KTH, Stockholm.
    Snickars, PelleStatens ljud- och bildarkiv, Stockholm.
    Berättande i olika medier2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en tid när medierna konvergerar – konvergerar då även berättandet? Har det framväxande digitala medielandskapet radikalt förändrat förutsättningarna för hur man konstrueraren historia? Att medier är betydelsefulla i berättarsamman- hang är det få som betvivlar, medieformer influerar både innehåll, handling och berättarteknik, samt inte minst hur berättelser används. Men existerar det verkligen ett medie- specifikt berättande?

    Humanistiska discipliner som studerar berättande i olika former har mycket sällan ställt frågan om förhållandet mellan berättande och medium. I boken Berättande i olika medier utforskas därför denna relation. Åtta artikelförfattare – från discipliner som film- och litteraturvetenskap, idéhistoria och medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap – frågar sig hur berättande sker i olika medier, samt hur medier genom historien fungerat som berättare. Om berättandets villkor har förändrats genom tillkomst av nya medier och mediepraktiker, så har dessa också inneburit att mediehistoriens berättarformer framträder med allt större klarhet. Flera av bokens bidrag handlar därför om berättandets mediehistoria – från rumsligt berättande kring 1900, över pornografin som berättelseform, till webbkamerans funktion för samtidens urbana historier.

  • 23. Dahlgren, Anna
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    I bildarkivet: om fotografi och digitaliseringens effekter2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under det senaste decenniet har fotografierna lämnat sina kapslar och hängmappar i arkiven för att i binär form framträda i ett nytt gränssnitt på Internet. På webben befinner man sig alltid i själva bildakrivet; där presenteras och distribueras fotografier på helt nya sätt. I den här boken diskuterar sex stycken foto-, konst- och mediehistoriker den digitala bildens förändrade arkivariska funktion och de effekter som olika slags digitaliseringsprocesser genererat. En återkommande fråga är hur man bör förstå den mediala rörelse som all digitalisering är inskriven i, en annan hur minnesinstitutioner blivit utmanade av helt nya kulturarvsaktörer som Flickr och Wikipedia. Boken är ett uppdaterat bidrag till den fotohistoriska forskning som ägnat sig åt fotograferingsmediets transformation i skarven mellan analogt och digitalt.

  • 24. Degerstedt, Lars
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    More Media, More People—On Social & Multimodal Media Intelligence2017In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 54-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to address some challenges facing media intelligence in general, and competitive intelligence in particular within an altered information landscape. To understand this new situation, the notion of social and multimodal media intelligence are introduced. With cases taken primarily from the Swedish media intelligence sector, we argue that data driven media intelligence today needs to pay increasing attention to new forms of (A.) crowd-oriented and (B.) multimedia-saturated information. As a subcategory of media intelligence, competitive intelligence refers to the gathering of publicly available information about an organisation or a company’s competitors—using it to gain business advantages. Traditionally such intelligence has implied a set of techniques and tools that transforms numerical or textual data into useful information for business analysis. Today, however, we argue that such techniques need to consider media alterations in both a social and multimodal direction. Our analysis hence offers a conceptual understanding of a rapidly evolving field, were methods used within media intelligence need to change as well. By presenting some findings from the so called CIBAS-project, we describe how Swedish organisations and companies rely on social networking structures and individual decision making as a means to increase rapid response and agile creativity. If competitive intelligence was traditionally based on insights gleaned from statistical methods, contemporary media analytics are currently faced with audiovisual data streams (sound, video, image)—often with a slant of sociality. Yet, machine learning of other media modalities than text poses a number of technical hurdles. In this article we use fashion analytics as a final case in point, taken from a commercial sector where visual big data is presently in vogue.

  • 25.
    Delgado Johansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Stahl, Tobias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Du är vad du presterar: En kritisk diskursanalys av framställningen av psykisk ohälsa hos elitidrottarer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the depiction of mental illness with elite athletes. Mental illness has long been a sensitive object in the public's eye, but in recent years that has started to shift and the subject has destigmatized. More and more people are open and talk about their inner problems. But in one group in society the development has not been up to pace, and that is elite athletes. The study has also looked at the difference between tabloid and daily press. The theoretical framework was constructed by using the agenda setting theory, the framing theory, theories of media logic and the thoughts of news evaluation. The method used in the study was critical discourse analysis, and used in the way through out by Norman Fairclough and his three dimensional modell. A total of 38 articles from the newspapers Dagens Nyheter, Svenska dagbladet, Aftonbladet and Expressen was analyzed.

    The analysis found that the papers tend to portray mental illness as a negative major problem of today's society. A majority of the articles analyzed tended put the athlete aspect of the person in limelight, rather than letting the athlete just be a suffering person. They way the papers achieved to sustain the image of being a unbeatable hero by reminding the audience about the athletic achievements won, when the athlete was presented in the article.

    Keywords: Johan Franzén, Jenny Rissveds, mental illness, depression, concussions, concussion, eating disorder and eating disorders.

  • 26.
    Edmark, Sofie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Vad associeras egentligen med begreppet feminism?: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie av hur begreppet och identiteten feminism porträtteras i tidningarna Aftonbladet och Nyheter24.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism is a concept that stands for equality and it is being lively discussed in both political, private and media spheres. As a concept that is so discussed and that is essential in the fight for equality between men and women, it is essential to study what is connected to it. The aim with this study was to examine how the concept feminism and the identity feminist were being illustrated and constructed in the newspaper Aftonbladet and newssite Nyheter24. The methods for the study were quantitative content analysis and critical discourse analysis. The focus of the study was to see what was connected to the concept feminism, how different subjects were connected to it and in which context it was discussed. The theories that were used were social constructivism, discourses, the agenda setting theory, framing theory, binary oppositions, gender and previous research about feminism in media.

    In both the quantitative and qualitative analysis there were two discourses that defined feminism, and in the qualitative analysis we can also see a discourse around the identity feminist. The first discourse around the concept feminism was one that equated it with equality. It also painted it as a thing that you should have an opinion about, a movement that was connected to politics and society. Generally it gave the concept of equality a more political meaning with its descriptions.

    The other discourse around the concept feminism, which challenged the other one, was one that painted feminism as a sexist, hypocritical and men hating movement. The discourse separated feminism and equality, and while the people in the articles stood for equal rights between men and women, they were against feminism. The discourse also suggested that you could be a feminist the wrong way, at least if you were a man.

    The discourse around the identity feminist, that was explored in the qualitative analysis, showed the biggest difference between the news platforms. In both sources the feminist was described as a woman and almost never as a man or non-binary. In Nyheter24 the feminist was passive and a victim. In Aftonbladet the discourse was a bit more divided. It described the feminist as active and it included men in a more in a positive light. But when the female feminist was compared to a man it was suddenly described as passive.

  • 27. Edoff, Erik
    Storstadens dagbok: Boulevardpressen och mediesystemet i det sena 1800-talets Stockholm2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the late 19th century boulevard press in Stockholm. The study is based on four weekly boulevard newspapers during the period: Figaro, Vikingen [The Viking], Budkaflen [The Fiery Cross] and Hvad Nytt [What’s New]. The main focus of the boulevard press was high-society people and the theatres and restaurants these visited. The aim of the dissertation is to investigate this journalistic genre, with specific regard to its place and role in the contemporary media system and to its construction of Stockholm as a metropolis. The analytical perspective is inspired by scholarship on the cultural history of the media, from which the concept of a media system is derived. Besides a broad media concept, the core approach is that all media are in various ways related to many other phenomena in society, including other media forms. The boulevard press was linked to other newspapers, restaurants, cafés, wax museums, reprints, guide literature, theatres and variety shows. These were also the boulevard papers’ main advertisers, thus showing the important interconnectedness between different parts on the sheets of the papers. Advertising meant positive publicity, also in the reporting.

     

    The thesis identifies two main perspectives of the boulevard-paper journalists. The reporter guided his readers in the tram around the city and on walkabouts among shops, thus stressing his mobility. The other perspective concerns the overview of the columnist. His elevated perspective was an important attribute when the newspapers summarised and presented the big city as a whole. The journalists acted as witness-ambassadors (Géraldine Muhlmann) and through this legitimacy they constructed a mediated centre (Nick Couldry), stressing what was inside and what was not. One important result is that the boulevard papers were media of self-promotion. The boulevard press was, hereby, an important actor in processes of professionalization and defining the role of the press.

  • 28.
    Edoff, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Öppenhet som vapen i nyhetsjakten på 1880-talet2019In: Vill medierna ha insyn?: redaktionell transparens 1880-tal, 1949 och 2007–09 / [ed] Torbjörn von Krogh, Stockholm: Svensk mediehistorisk förening , 2019, p. 17-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Ekblom, Carl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Håll käften! Näthotet mot demokratin – en kvalitativ intervjustudie om näthatets konsekvenser för journalistiken2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to study the consequences of the swedish concept ”näthat” (hate on the internet hate), similar to the english hate speech, against swedish journalists and it's consequences for journalism as a whole in a democracy. How does it affect swedish journalists to have sensitive information about themselves and their families on public websites? How does threats from anonymous people affect them?

     

    The study focus on the work ethics of journalism and it's function in a democratic society, how net hate affects it, and what consequences net hate may have on democracy.

     

    The method of choice is a qualitative interview study, where the results from the interviews were analyzed against the theoretical science. The following people were chosen for the interviews: Helena Giertta, editor in chief at the newspaper Journalisten, Björn Wiman, head of culture at the newspaper Dagens Nyheter, Ann Persson, reporter at Dagens Nyheter, Johan Everljung, legally responsible publisher at the Swedish Television in Umeå, and Josefine Holgersson, reporter at the Swedish Television in Umeå.

     

    In short: The study concludes that net hate is a big threat against journalism, in the sense that it can, and is, being used as a tool to silent journalists and sources that speaks about sensitive subjects as feminism, immigrants and related matters. It is also clear that some groups are more frequently using it, such as xenophobic groups. The problem is therefore that many people, at the risk of being subject of net hate, decide not to participate in neither the public conversations in society or as sources in the media. As a consequence, some matters will not be featured and reported on, and that is very problematic not only for journalism as a whole, but also for democracy.

  • 30.
    Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    idé- och lärdomshistoria vid Uppsala universitet.
    Jülich, SolveigLinköpings universitet.Snickars, PelleStatens ljud- och bildarkiv, Stockholm.
    1897: mediehistorier kring Stockholmsutställningen2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mediehistoria var länge liktydigt med historien om 1900-­talets massmedier – press, radio, teve och film. I den här boken skildras istället ett äldre medielandskap. Med utgångspunkt i Stockholms-­ utställningen 1897 beskriver författarna det utbud av gamla och nya medier som samlades på utställningen, från äldre attraktioner som camera obscura, dioramor och vaxfigurer till spektakulära nyheter som fonograf, kinematograf och röntgenbilder. Boken ger inblickar i några av det sena 1800-­talets ledande medieindust-­ rier, och diskuterar bland annat frågor om mediekonsumtion, publikpositioner och historiska medieringsvillkor. Sammantaget framträder en komplex mediekultur med förbindelser både till det förra sekelskiftets museiinstitutioner och ett äldre utbud av audiovisuella attraktioner, men också till 1900-­talets förmenta mediemodernitet och våra dagars digitala ”revolution”.

    De medietekniker som presenterades på Stockholmsutställning-­ en 1897 lagrade på samma gång utställningen för framtiden. Ett centralt tema är därför hur dessa medieringar blivit identiska med minnet av utställningen, och hur detta arkiv organiserats utifrån mediernas specifika egenskaper. På den dvd-­skiva som medföljer boken har ett nytt mediearkiv skapats över Stock-­ holmsutställningen 1897 och dess många länkar till en bredare mediekultur.

  • 31.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Audience comments, racism and Sami2018In: Diaspora and Media Working Group: Abstracts of papers presented at the annual conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, 2018, p. 7-7, article id 18285Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sami are indigenous people living in northern Sweden, Finland, Norway and Russia. The population is estimated as 20 000-40 000 people in Sweden, 50 000-65 000 in Norway, ca 8000 in Finland, and ca 2000 in Russia. There are several Sami languages: Northern Sami with its ca 17 000 speakers is the largest, whereas the other languages have only a few hundred speakers each.

    This study compares audience/reader comments written for Sami related topics in majority and minority media. The material covers comments for both Northern regional newspapers, and Sami public service broadcasters. Newspaper comments were posted in 2012-2013, just before the newspapers closed anonymous commenting option. Johansson-Lönn (2014) has analysed the news stories but not the comments. SR Sameradion and SVT Oddasat target primarily Sami (speaking) audience. In spring 2017, they run a hashtag campaign, encompassing several interviews covering both personal experiences and expert opinions of everyday racism. These stories were also shared and commented on Facebook. The audience was asked to contribute with their own stories via #everydayracismagainstsami. Musician Sofia Jannok participated in the hashtag campaign via Sami broadcasters and her own Facebook fanpage. Those comments are included as well. In late 2017, UR (educational channel) aired a 3-part series covering Sami history, which is also a story of the Swedish state's expansion to Sami Homeland (Sapmi), including racism and discrimination. The series is available on UR Play and each episode was shared and commented on Facebook. The mentioned social media pages are open and public, but require login to Facebook or Twitter.

    It is therefore interesting see if there is a difference between comments made for stories told from majority and Sami point of view, and if there is a difference between anonymous and non- anonymous comments. The method used is connected concept analysis based on the idea of distant reading (Lindgren 2012). The tool used is Textometrica developed by Lindgren and HumLab at Umeå University.

    In newspapers CCA identifies two key nodal concepts: predators and reindeers. The main fault lines go between “wolf-positive” and “kill-them” attitudes, and between positive and negative attitudes to Sami reindeer herders. Content in public service broadcasters is per definition Sami focused, which is reflected in the comments. Thus the organizing key node is Sami, relating to minor nodal concepts of culture, racism, and Swedes. UR series’ third episode covers Swedish race biologists' scull measuring trips to Sapmi, which created a long discussion, finally ending to Hitler and Nazis. Reindeer herding is here more peripheral theme as there is more focus on language and other cultural aspects.

  • 32.
    Ellefson, Merja
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Agirreazkuenaga, I.
    Ferrández Ferrer, A.
    Graf, H.
    Pavlikova, M.
    Ethnic Minority Media in Russia, the UK, Germany, Spain, Estonia and the Nordic Countries2016In: ECREA 2016 Abstract Book: Mediated (Dis)Continuities: Contesting Pasts, Presents and Futures, Prague: CZECH-IN, s. r. o. , 2016, p. 114-114, article id PP 311Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim is to examine how ethnic minority media emerged and became a factor in the development of media landscapes. What media is minority media? How important are societal contexts in different countries or regions? What key factors, forces and processes shape the minority media landscape? What differences and similarities can be identified, and explained? We discuss media produced by or for ethnic minorities, beginning with the foundation of minority language periodicals, and moving on to radio and television programming. We also discuss representation of ethnic minorities in mainstream media, and ethnic diversity - or lack thereof - in media companies. Finally, the emergence of broadcast media led to demands for minority programming, which has gradually expanded in the wake of migration and recognition of national minorities. Minority media, public or private, is vulnerable in times of economic crisis. Digitalization has opened new possibilities. But, the Internet is dominated by majority languages (Cunliff 2007).   In the late 19th century Europe technological innovations and favorable conditions created flourishing press markets. Ethnic or nationalistic activists followed suit, founding the first periodicals. However, multiple changes in borders, state formations and central concepts make it difficult to determine which ethnic groups can be seen as minorities. There are no universal definitions of ‘minority’, ‘indigenous people’ or ’migrants’. The concept of ‘minority’ arose in the aftermath of WWI and signing of first minority treaties (Jackson 1998). But, how do we conceptualize ethnic groups in the 19th century multiethnic conglomerate states? Such states either didn’t have ethnic majorities, or people weren’t conceptualized in that manner. We use the term ‘ethnic minority’, to encompass migrants, national minorities and indigenous people. Some ethnic communities changed status from minority to majority, or vice versa. Estonians, Russians and Finns are examples of this. The countries discussed are Spain, the UK, Germany, Estonia, Russia, and the Nordic countries. Although many minorities live in transnational spaces, the frame of reference is the nation-state. Media markets are in many ways national spaces which affect the markets’ functional and institutional completeness, i.e. the range of media outlets, formats and genres (Moring 2007). Catalans, Basques, Finnish Swedes, and Tatars are examples of minorities with access to the widest range of alternatives. Others have few outlets and the content is primarily news and children’s programs. Some of the languages, such as Nivkh, Evenki, Saami, and Scottish Gaelic, are endangered or at risk. Small ethnic and linguistic communities have difficulty sustaining commercial media outlets. In such cases public service plays an important role.

  • 33.
    Enbom, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sportjournalistik2015In: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson, Jesper Strömbäck, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 207-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Ferrada Stoehrel, Rodrigo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    The mediation of affect: security, fear and subversive hope in visual culture2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching purpose of this study has been to problematise how visual practices and the mediation of affect is linked to the capacity to produce (new) perceptual realities, sensations and imaginaries, ultimately aiming to legitimate or counter-legitimate the hegemonic discourses and practices mobilised in the name of security. The first part of my thesis approaches this matter through an analysis of media cultures and discursive systems circulating within the court and the state military. Here, I discuss the impact of affect in the judicial-policial production of visible evidence (paper 1; published in the International Journal for the Semiotics of Law) and the state military (visual) narrative of threat (paper 2; published in MedieKultur: Journal of media and communication research). Additionally, as affect runs counter to hegemonic power relations as well as reinforces them, the second part of my thesis focuses on the way in which different resistance collectives cultivate affective dimensions through aesthetic practices in order to foster political attitudes that contest the established discourses of the (in)secure. Here, I examine the online activist group Anonymous’ visual political communication (paper 3; published in TripleC - Communication, Capitalism & Critique. Open Access Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society), and the Spanish movement Podemos’ visual and verbal discursive strategies (paper 4; forthcoming in Cultural Studies). In terms of theoretical and methodological approaches, I have my roots in, among others, Mouffe’s (2005) notion of conflict and (political) affect, Foucault’s (1980) concept of power/knowledge, and Thompson’s (1984; 1990) three-dimensional framework of ideology- analysis. In paper 1, my findings suggest that camera-produced images and technical and dramaturgical elements may have unintentional judicial consequences when they are read as evidence. I detail how this production of visible evidence can potentially stimulate and elicit emotional reaction, as well as discussing the degree to which pictorial crime evidence fails to be an instrumental and neutral representation of truth. In paper 2, my findings point in the direction where the military representation of the ‘Other as threat’ connects to aspects of economic globalisation and the (inter)national production of defence materiel. In article 3 (co-authored with Lindgren 2014) my findings suggest that citizen participation in public matters can be made engaging through the mobilisation of that which Anonymous calls ‘the lulz’; a tickling joy/pleasure (also, a sense of meaningfulness) of standing against power abuse through, for example, online direct action and culture jamming practices. Paper 4 explores the relationship between the affective and the visual using a broader security framework. Here, my findings indicate that Podemos’ discursive battle for social protection and economic security in a context of the crisis of political representation, is no longer framed through the traditional left-right conflict, but within the post- ideological (affective) articulation of ‘the new’ versus ‘the old’ and/or other discursive differences. I show how affect works as a potential for social change, by analysing the strategic production of a ‘We-Them’ discourse using Podemos’ take on social media and the media logic of mainstream television.

  • 35.
    Ferrada Stoehrel, Rodrigo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    The regime’s worst nightmare: the mobilisation of citizen democracy. A study of Podemos’ (aesthetic) populism and production of affect in political discourse2017In: Cultural Studies, ISSN 0950-2386, E-ISSN 1466-4348, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 543-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of not even being officially registered three months before the European Parliament Elections of 2014, the Spanish upstart party Podemos captured almost 8 percent of the vote, while barely nine months after its formation, in October 2014, social surveys were citing the party as the leading force in national politics. The overall purpose of this paper is to explore how Podemos’ aesthetic and its discursive strategies are being used to mobilize affect and create collective identities in the battle for political hegemony in Spain. I argue in dialogue with Laclau [2005. On populist reason. London: Verso], Errejón and Mouffe [2016. Podemos: in the name of the people. London: Lawrence & Wishart] that: (a) the articulation of a new political grammar and discursive conflicts in which the popular majority can identify themselves as subjects in opposition to an adversary ‘Other’ plays a central role in constructing ‘the people’ as a new form of political culture, especially in times of crisis whereby; (b) the notion of populism transgresses categories such as ‘oversimplification’ and/or ‘demagogy’ and can also be regarded in terms of exhibiting sensitivity to popular demands and participatory democracy. My findings show that welfare politics are not necessarily best communicated through traditional left-wing symbols, due to the left’s popular link with communism and political defeat; these having been repeatedly recounted by the media/culture industry throughout history. Indeed, many may share the idea of protecting a nation’s common social services without wanting to position themselves within a Marxist (leftist) framework. I point to the representative crisis as an affective crisis where there is a potential affective space to be filled. From here, I stress that resistance movements seem to need to learn the current media logic of conflict and recognition in order to mediate affect and produce identification.

  • 36.
    Ferrada Stoehrel, Rodrigo
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Lindgren, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    For the Lulz: Anonymous, Aesthetics and Affect2014In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 238-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this paper is on different but connected areas of power – relating to things such as economic globalisation, surveillance, censorship/freedom, ‘terrorism’ and/or specific military activity – visually represented through online media, and intentionally produced to inform a wide spectrum of individuals and interest groups about global and local social injustices. Or, more importantly, produced and distributed with the purpose of providing users with possibilities to engage, bodily and emotionally, in diverse ways: may it be through physical antiwar/anti-wall street protests or hacktivist tactics (e.g. DDoS attacks).

    We examine a sample of videos, photographs and propaganda posters produced, and digitally distributed (2008-2013), by the fragmented body of activists united globally under the generic name of Anonymous. Analytically, we will draw upon Mouffe’s thoughts on ‘antagonism’ and ‘passion,’ Foucault’s ideas on international citizenship and the (ethical) ‘right to intervene’ (beyond governmentality), together with Sontag’s notion of institutional political inertia and the Deleuzian/Spinozian perspective on affect as a capacity for action. The goal is to analyse the ways in which Anonymous systematically inspire (not only) the radical and social imaginary but also other direct forms of action that have potential societal effects.

  • 37. Fickers, Andreas
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Williams, Mark J.
    Editorial Special Issue Audiovisual Data in Digital Humanities2018In: View : Journal of European Television History and Culture, E-ISSN 2213-0969, Vol. 7, no 14, p. 1-4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38. Fleischer, Rasmus
    et al.
    Pelle, Snickars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Historien om Spotify2019Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Svenske Spotify har grundlæggende ændret, hvordan mennesker over hele verden bruger og lytter til musik.Historien om Spotify fortæller historien, fra dengang stifterne Daniel Ek og Martin Lorentzon sad i bare underbukser og fandt på navnet, til det, som siden blev musik- og teknologiverdens absolutte midtpunkt. Den første version af Spotify var en slags pirattjeneste, siden har de største musikselskaber investeret milliarder i Spotify og styrer nu musikudbuddet gennem uigennemskuelige playlister. Dette er en fortælling om en virksomhed, som holder fast i en grundidé, gratis musik, men undervejs har begået fejl, brudt love, fået kritik, gået på retræte, kopieret andre, prøvet igen – og lykkedes. Trods Spotifys eventyrlige succes har virksomheden aldrig givet overskud. I stedet er stifterne blevet mere og mere afhængige af risikovillig kapital.

  • 39. Fleischer, Rasmus
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Den svenska enhörningen: storyn om Spotify2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett svenskt bolag har i grunden förändrat hur människor världen över lyssnar på musik. Att Spotify lyser som den svenska företagshimlens klaraste stjärna står bortom allt tvivel. Men Daniel Ek och Martin Lorentzons skapelse har gjort misstag och brutit mot lagen, fått kritik, backat tillbaka, tagit efter andra, försökt på nytt och lyckats. De sagolika framgångarna till trots har Spotify aldrig gjort en enda krona i vinst. I stället har bolaget ständigt behövt uppfinna sig själva på nytt för att säkra ett fortsatt inflöde av riskkapital. Den svenska enhörningen berättar om Spotifys krokiga resa till musik- och techvärldens absoluta mittpunkt.

  • 40. Fleischer, Rasmus
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Discovering Spotify – A Thematic Introduction2017In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 130-145Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Gregersdotter, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    September 11 and Beyond: The Influence of 9/11 on American Film and Television2015In: Violence in American Popular Culture: American History and Violent Popular Culture / [ed] David Schmid, Santa Barbara: Praeger, 2015, p. 243-264Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42. Haertel, Tobias
    et al.
    Terkowsky, Claudius
    Jahnke, Isa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Interactive Media and Learning (IML).
    Where have all the inventors gone?: Is there a lack of spirit of research in engineering education curricula?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Hellman, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Managing the Expectations of Voice-Controlled Access Solutions2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Voice is the primary tool of communication to a majority of people on earth. Humans are wired to process speech, meaning voice interaction require little cognitive effort. Advancements in voice technology over the last 20 years have seen an increased prevalence of voice-controlled applications. However, false expectations can potentially cause severe interaction deficiencies to many of these voice user interfaces. One of the many application areas being connected to voice is access solutions such as smart locks. With a fundamental value proposition of keeping people and their belongings safe and secure in convenient ways, access solutions require that many of the design decisions are delicate. The present thesis aimed to evaluate how expectations of access solutions in home environments can be affected by different voice attributes. A literature study was conducted to explore the rich body of research on the topic of voice technology and the psychological effects of synthesized speech. Based on the literature study, a design process with recognized methods for developing voice user interfaces was conducted. The design process led up to a Wizard of Oz test that was used to evaluate how different conversational strategies and voices affected expectations and perception of a voice-controlled smart lock. The results showed that choosing an appropriate conversational style is fundamental to provide users with a sense of control. Furthermore, the study provided insight on how previous experience of interacting with voice-controlled devices have an impact on the feeling of personalization in gendered synthesized voices. Finally, the study discusses some ethical considerations that have to be made when designing voice user interfaces that ultimately should provide value to users, not confine their privacy.

  • 44.
    Holmbom, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    The YouTuber: A Qualitative Study of Popular Content Creators2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den sociala videoplattformen YouTube firar i år sitt 10-årsjubileum och har under den tiden bildat en kraftfull kultur. Över en biljard användare som delar och tittar på videoklipp innebär att tusentals individer kan kalla webbplatsen YouTube för sin arbetsplats. Genom att skapa videoklipp som många tycker om bildas en enorm attraktion till vissa kanaler och utifrån detta genereras så kallade YouTube-kändisar. Den här kvalitativa studien dyker in i upplevelsen av att inneha en populär YouTube kanal genom att intervjua fem individer som besitter just en sådan. Är det verkligen drömjobbet som alla talar om? Resultaten visar en talande ökning av entreprenörskap på YouTube. För att bygga en publik krävs strategi och passion. Denna undersökning resulterar i en överläggande förståelse för hur deras personliga framgång har gått till, men även en aning om var YouTube är på väg i framtiden.

  • 45.
    Holmgren Tyskling, Elina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ryssland i svenska medier "A riddle, wrapped in mystery, inside an enigma".: En analys av Aftonbladets och Expressens ledarsidas ställningstaganden i försvarsfrågor och syn på Ryssland.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This studie is using discourse analysis to examine Aftonbladets and Expressens leader articles. The purpose of the studie is to find out what kind of national defence the papers are promoting based on their attitudes towards Russia. In the analysis Laclaus och Mouffes notions of nodalpoints, floating signifiers and subject positions etc, are being used. Previous studies have showned that Russia usually is portrayed like a rising threat and as a danger to neighbour countries, including Sweden. The theories presented in this studie is somewhat unusal to use when investigating the image of Russia in massmedia. The theoretical framework consist orientalism, framing and hegemony. A total of sixteen articles have been analysed, and they were all leader articles. The results showed that Aftonbladet and Expressen agree upon how to perceive Russia. Both papers stated that Russia is a threat and also a mystery. The differencies is find in what kind of national defence the papers are argumenting for. Aftonbladet emphasized that sweden should still be nonaligned, but Expressen on the other hand, wants Sweden to join Nato. This studie have showned that even though the leaders in the studied papers have different political views, they both see Russia as an unchanging, mysterious , threatening country. The studie have also showned that orientalism is fruitfull to use when examining the image of Russia in western media.

  • 46. Houltz, Anders
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Modellers biografiska liv: om Tekniska museet och det mekaniska alfabetet2019In: Digitala modeller: teknikhistoria och digitaliseringens specificitet / [ed] Jenny Attemark-Gillgren & Pelle Snickars, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2019, p. 191-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47. Hyvönen, Mats
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Vesterlund, Per
    Efterord2015In: Massmedieproblem. Mediestudiets formering / [ed] Mats Hyvönen, Pelle Snickars & Per Vesterlund, Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv , 2015, p. 397-405Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Hyvönen, Mats
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Snickars, PelleUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.Vesterlund, PerHögskolan i Gävle.
    Massmedieproblem: Mediestudiets formering2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 1960-talet blev begreppet massmedia ett nytt modeord i svenskt samhällsliv. Med televisionens intåg, populärkulturens uppsving, och häftiga debatter runt filmpolitiken kom behovet av kunskap om medier att framstå som akut. De så kallade massmedieproblemen turnerades ständigt i den allmänna diskussionen. Boken Massmedieproblem. Mediestudiets formering handlar om hur den svenska medieforskningen etablerades. Det skedde i hög grad i ett tämligen diffust gränsland mellan bransch, politik och akademi – detta är en av bokens centrala tankar. De expanderande massmedierna tycktes erbjuda såväl löften som ständiga problem. Perioden mellan 1960 och 1980 var en tid som utmärktes av en stark tilltro till politiska lösningar på olika samhällsproblem, och den gryende medievetenskapen och det offentliga utredningsväsendet kom därför tidigt att vävas samman. I boken fokuserar forskare ur flera generationer och från olika discipliner den svenska kunskapsproduktionen kring medier under 1960- och 1970-talen. Historien kastar emellertid långa skuggor framåt i tiden; den svenska medievetenskapens förflutna präglar fortsatt mediestudiets formering. Om 1960-talets medieforskning drevs fram i en tidsanda – artikulerad i samhällsdebatt och i samhällsstyrning av medier i samverkan med akademi – är frågan hur det egentligen är ställt numera. Går dagens medieforskning i takt med sin tid?

  • 49.
    Hyvönen, Mats
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Vesterlund, Per
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Mediestudiets formering: en introduktion2015In: Massmedieproblem: mediestudiets formering / [ed] Mats Hyvönen, Pelle Snickars & Per Vesterlund, Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv , 2015, p. 13-52Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 50. Hyvönen, Mats
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Vesterlund, Per
    The formation of Swedish media studies, 1960–19802018In: Media History, ISSN 1368-8804, E-ISSN 1469-9729, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 86-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Around 1960, the politics of the emerging media society in Sweden tended to fixate the formative functions of mass communication. The monopoly of public service broadcast media, press subsidies and new tendencies in film policy were some of the issues around which uncertainty prevailed. New methods to provide reliable data were sought by politicians, since empirical facts were required as arguments for an updated media policy. This article examines the different ways that the field of media studies was introduced in Sweden between 1960 and 1980. We argue that Swedish aca- demic media studies departed from, and emerged within, a rather diffuse borderland between industry, politics and academia. The formation of national media research in Sweden can partly be seen as an effect of politicians and the media industry wanting to be better informed on issues such as media influence, media ownership and the habits and composition of the media audience. 

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