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  • 1.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Ethnology. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Bakom papper och stål: Ett tekniskt universitet och en disciplinkultur med särskilt fokus på region, industriell anknytning, kön och etnicitet2002In: Akademisk kultur: Vetenskapliga miljöer i kulturanalytisk belysning / [ed] Britta Lundgren, Stockholm: Carlsson , 2002, 1, p. 75-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Stamhustru: Om eurocentriska myter, kön och ”personlig utveckling” i teveserien Ett annat sätt att leva2012In: Om ras och vithet i det samtida Sverige / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Helena Hörnfeldt, Fataneh Farahani & René León Rosales, Tumba: Mångkulturellt centrums förlag , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lundahl, Mikela
    (Un-)veiling the west: Burkini-gate, Princess Hijab and dressing as struggle for postsecular integration2016In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 263-283Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ban of the burkini in the summer of 2016 in France is the latest stage in a long political history, where the French depreciation or fear of the veil, and of Islam, has come to play a more significant role since the end of the cold war. Unveiling female bodies at the beach in Nice expose conditioned values of the French republic. In this context, drawing black veils on public advertisements becomes a performative act commenting on consumerism, religion, secularity, and the imagined Muslim woman. In this article we discuss freedom and integration in "third spaces" via an analysis of "hijabisation" in street art and the official reactions against certain types of beachwear. In line with Talal Asad (2006) we want to raise the issue on how the secular state addresses the pain of people who are obliged to give up part of their religious identity to become acceptable. Race-thinking was once an explicit part of celebrated values like modernity, secularity, democracy and human rights. However, the fact that the idea of races has been erased from articulations of Western nations and international bodies does not mean that traces of race-thinking in the heritage from the enlightenment are gone. By following Princess Hijab and the "Burkini-gate" a nationalist fantasy intertwined with the idea of the secular state reveals itself and acts of un/dressing emerge as signs of integration revealing a challenged imperialist paradigm.

  • 4.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Få tjänstemän talar samiska2006In: Invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 2, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Minoritetsspråkslagarna har stärkt de nationella minoriteternas identitet och självuppfattning. Språkens status måste dock höjas vid myndigheter och förvaltningar för att de ska bevaras. Samiska och meänkieli talas i dag mest bland äldre.

  • 5.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Mojgan, Padyab
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande flyktingbarn: om effektivitet, värdighet och barnens bästa från tjänstemäns och gode mäns perspektiv2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport tar sin utgångspunkt i den svenska regeringens ställningstagande att barn som inte anses ha skyddsbehov eller andra skäl att stanna i Sverige ska kunna återvända hem på värdiga sätt. Samma regering har dock också tydligt uttalat att antalet av- och utvisningar väsentligen ska öka i förhållande till tidigare år. Det är den potentiella spänningen mellan skarpa krav på effektivitet i av- och utvisningsärenden å ena sidan och kraven på värdighet, respekt för mänskliga rättigheter och barnets bästa å den andra, som undersöks i den här rapporten. Fokus ligger på hur centrala aktörer förhåller sig till och tolkar dessa krav och på vad deras respektive förhållningssätt och tolkningar betyder för samverkan dem emellan.

    Tre fallstudier i kommuner av varierande storlek belägna i de geografiskt åtskilda länen Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland har genomförts. Fallstudierna bygger på totalt 49 intervjuer med handläggare på Migrationsverket, socialsekreterare, gode män, HVBpersonal och poliser – alla verksamma som centrala aktörer vid av- och utvisningar. I analysen av det insamlade materialet betraktas de professionella aktörerna (de gode männen undantagna) som gräsrotsbyråkrater med vida handlingsutrymmen. Det som undersöks är i vilken utsträckning de anser sig kunna omsätta de politiska målsättningarna om ökad effektivitet och bibehållen värdighet i praktiken. För att kunna analysera vad det är som utmärker samarbete och samverkan mellan aktörerna används teorier om interorganisatorisk samverkan.

    De huvudsakliga slutsatser som framkommit i rapporten är att uppfattningar om och förhållningssätt till det effektiva och värdiga återvändandet skiljer sig åt bland de olika aktörerna i Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland. Aktörerna gör egna tolkningar av begreppen effektivitet och värdighet, i vilka mening skapas utifrån professionella erfarenheter, roller och uppdrag. De största skillnaderna i uppfattning och tolkning har återfunnits mellan aktörskategorierna, inte mellan de tre fallstudierna. Polis och Migrationsverk anser generellt att effektivitet och värdighet går att förena. Poliserna och tjänstemännen på Migrationsverket har jämfört med de andra aktörerna oftare ett uttalat legalt perspektiv och ser både värdighet och respekt för barnens mänskliga rättigheter som inbäddade i det juridiska ramverket. Socialsekreterare, HVB-personal och gode män anser däremot generellt att ett återvändande mot ett barns vilja inte någonsin kan bli värdigt. De är också mer benägna att se det som att Barnkonventionen i relation till utlänningslagen hamnar i underordnad ställning. Vissa likheter mellan aktörerna har också kunnat identifieras. Samtliga betonar gott bemötande, god kommunikation och tydlig information i relation till de barn som fått av- eller utvisningsbeslut.

    Aktörernas olika förhållningssätt får konsekvenser för deras samverkan. Överlag kan samverkan i samtliga undersökta kommuner beskrivas som begränsad, oklar, personberoende och utan gemensamma mål. Aktörerna uttrycker brist på tillit och många upplever en känsla av ensamhet i sina roller. Goda erfarenheter av samverkan finns visserligen men det är tydligt att skilda professionella normer, organisationskulturer, erfarenheter och perspektiv försvårar samverkan.

  • 6.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En resa med tvång: erfarenheter av avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande asylsökande flyktingbarn2015Report (Other academic)
  • 7. Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Abella, Manolo
    Thai berry pickers in Sweden: A migration corridor to a low-wage sector2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Every year, around 5000 berry pickers travel from Thailand to Sweden to pick wild berries. This report describes the system and regulatory framework that surrounds the berry pickers, and analyses their costs and earnings. The report has a comparative approach, and compares the Thai berry pickers with other types of international labour migration and with their alternative earnings in Thailand. It also describes the workers demographic background and their use of the earnings from berry picking. The report is uniquely based on 165 standardized interviews with Thai berry pickers, which were performed in Thailand on behalf of this study. The main conclusion is that the costs surrounding berry picking are relatively high, as seen against the background of the short berry picking season and the time that the workers are spending in Sweden. On average, a berry picker pays around 4000 USD to work in Sweden for a period of 70 days. This means that, for the average worker, it takes 1,6 months to earn enough money to cover these costs, and thereafter remains only a limited time window to earn enough money to bring back to Thailand. Around 50 percent of the costs incurred are paid to Thai staffing agencies, and the other half is paid to Swedish berry companies as a daily fee for accommodation, food and access to a car. After the deduction of all costs, the average berry picker returns to Thailand with around 2000 USD from one season in Sweden. This figure is roughly three times that of what the average worker would normally earn in Thailand during the same amount of time. The worker with the highest net earnings from berry picking in Sweden, however, could make as much as 12 times more than what he or she would make in Thailand. The report also shows that the berry pickers, who often are men working as farmers in north-eastern Thailand where they also have their families, are travelling to Sweden repeatedly. A majority of the workers in the study had travelled to Sweden seven times or more, whereas the most frequent worker had travelled as much as 26 times. According to the study, there is no positive relationship between the frequency of work in Sweden and the size of vi the earnings. The earnings from berry picking are being used for daily consumption and investments in farming, housing and children’s’ education. In the report we discuss the motives behind the perpetuation of the migration system despite the relatively high costs. One explanation could be that the workers are being paid on a piece rate, meaning that they are aspiring, and believing that they can achieve, the same high earnings as the most successful workers. However, the payment system also implies that the workers are at high risk, since almost 50 percent note that they have earned less than the guaranteed wage that they are entitled to according to Swedish collective agreements. Another reason why berry pickers travel to Sweden repeatedly could be that it’s associated with relatively low social costs. The berry season in Sweden occurs at a suitable time in the Thai growing season, and the berry pickers are spending a relatively short time away from their families. The system surrounding berry picking can be seen both as it’s solution and it’s problem. On the one hand, Thai staffing agencies and Swedish berry companies are providing the infrastructure that sustains the system across time, thus enabling the workers to invest in their children’s futures, etc. On the other hand, the report shows a lack of transparency in relation to the costs, which might be excessive, while the costs and risks are put on the individual worker. The practice of using staffing agencies has been enacted as a way to avoid taxes and social responsibility in Sweden. As an alternative, it is possible that experienced berry pickers could use their own social networks to travel to Sweden, while starting up a cooperative and in that way, reduce the costs.

  • 8.
    Heith, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Gömda. En sann historia: romantik, spänning, melodram och populärorientalism2006In: Svenskläraren: Tidskrift för svenskundervisning, ISSN 0346-2412, no 4, p. 20-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Henrysson, Sten
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lapp eller nybyggare?1988Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Displaced persons as symbols of grievance: collective identity, individual rights, and durable solutions2019In: Refugees' roles in resolving displacement and building peace: beyond beneficiaries / [ed] Megan Bradley, James Milner, Blair Peruniak, Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2019, p. 132-149Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hit, men inte länge: Den internationella flyktingregimen och andra sätt att hantera ofrivillig migration2016In: Krig/fred: RJ:s årsbok 2016/2017 / [ed] Jenny Björkman & Arne Jarrik, Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 39-53Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Johansson, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Interactive Media and Learning (IML).
    Mobbning, en jämförelse mellan två skolor med olika etniska bakgrunder: hur eleverna uppfattar det2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min studie är att undersöka om det finns skillnader hur elever i skolor med olika etniska sammansättningar ser på skolmobbning samt hur dessa elever uppfattar hur skolmobbningen hanteras av de vuxna på skolan. Den ena skolan har störst andel elever med svensk bakgrund och den andra har flest elever med invandrarbakgrund och många olika etniciteter.

    Undersökningen är utförd genom en enkätundersökning med slutna och öppna frågor.

    Resultatet visar att det finns en skillnad mellan de olika skolorna. I den skolan som har få etniciteter är mobbningen mer av psykologisk karaktär medan det på den andra skolan förekommer mer fysik mobbning.

    Den ”svenska” skolan tror att olika etniciteter kan vara en grund för mobbning.

    Den andra skolan med många etniciteter har fler elever som är eller har varit mobbade.

    Det visar sig vara en skillnad på vilka som upptäcker mobbning. I den skolan med stor etnicitet är det kompisarna som oftast stoppar mobbningen och i den andra är det lärare.

    Slutligen anser båda skolorna att lärarna borde börja se och höra för att märka mobbningen som för eleverna är uppenbar.

     

  • 13.
    Kadhim, Abdul
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Flyktingmottagning och flyktingars integration: exemplet Umeå kommun och mottagna flyktingar 19941996Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Kadhim, Abdul
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kommunal flyktingmottagning: individuella introduktionsplaner mellan idé och verklighet1994Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Kadhim, Abdul
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kommunalt flyktingmottagande i förändring: utvecklingstendenser inom kommunal flyktingverksamhet, integrationspolitik och tillämpad invandrarpolitik1999Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Nilsson, Per A.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Ripmeester, Nannette
    Expertise in Labour Mobility, The Netherlands.
    International student expectations: career opportunities and employability2016In: Journal of International Students, ISSN 2162-3104, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 614-631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are mobile students expecting an international experience to have an impact on their career? This was one of the questions in a global survey, with over 150,000 respondents. The survey results showed that the transition from education to the world of work is of increasing importance for students. How to find a job upon graduation is apparently a big concern for current-day students, which dictates their international educational choices to a large extent. Moreover, are there differences between Europe and the rest of the world when it comes to student’s expectations of employability? This study found that opportunities for work upon graduation and earning money when studying matter more for non-European students.

  • 17.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Beyond awareness:: learning from local experiences to move forward in fighting human trafficking : a regional study of local perceptions of human trafficking in South and Southeast Asia2018Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Claiming rights in exile: women's insurgent citizenship practices in the Thai-Myanmar borderlands2019In: Citizenship Studies, ISSN 1362-1025, E-ISSN 1469-3593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines insurgent citizenship practices employed by activists in the exiled Burmese women's movement from the 1990s and onwards. Consisting of political exiles, refugees and ethnic insurgents, this movement has successfully used the transnational, transitory space of the borderlands to constitute its participants as political subjects with legitimate claims to rights, citizenship and leadership. Drawing on interviews, this analysis interrogates women's activism through the lens of insurgent citizenship practices. Thus, how have Burmese women's activists claimed rights and lived citizenship in exile? Three main strategies are examined: firstly, women activists have positioned themselves as political actors and authorities through involvement in governance and humanitarian aid delivery in refugee camps. Secondly, they have claimed rights and political subjectivity through engagement with international norms, networks and arenas. Thirdly, they have claimed citizenship and political influence in oppositional nation-making projects through engaging with and negotiating ethno-nationalist armed struggles. The analysis highlights the multifaceted nature of women's insurgent citizenship practices, showing how they navigate multiple marginalized subject positions, direct their rights claims towards multiple governing authorities, and enact multiple political communities.

  • 19.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Migration: Refugee camps: Bangladesh2017In: Encyclopedia of women & Islamic cultures: supplement XVI / [ed] Suad Joseph, Brill Academic Publishers, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This entry focuses on women's situation in refugee camps for Rohingya refugees located in Eastern Bangladesh. It describes the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, and their situation as refugees in Bangladesh. In particular, the entry interrogates how humanitarian aid agencies work to address gender inequality and gender violence in the refugee camps. In humanitarian aid practice, violence against Rohingya women is primarily represented and approached as a symptom of religious and cultural backwardness that needs to be addressed through the modernization of refugee subjectivities, attitudes and beliefs. As this entry demonstrates, such approaches have generated conflicts and resistance from refugees, and sometimes obstructed rather than advanced struggles for refugee women's rights.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-01-01 15:34
  • 20.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Refugee men as perpetrators, allies or troublemakers?: Emerging discourses on men and masculinities in humanitarian aid2016In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 56, p. 56-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of including men and boys in order to successfully promote gender equality has been increasingly emphasized in international policymaking and governance. This article examines emerging discourses on men, masculinities and gender equality in the field of humanitarian aid to refugees. Through an analysis of key policy texts as well as interviews with humanitarian workers, three main representations of the role of refugee men in relation to the promotion of gender equality are identified. Refugee men are represented as perpetrators of violence and discrimination; as powerful gatekeepers and potential allies; and as emasculated troublemakers. These ways of conceptualizing men and masculinity are problematic in ways which significantly limit their potential for the transformation of unequal gender relations: gendered power relations are obscured; refugee men's masculinity is pathologized as “primitive”; and attempts to take the needs of men into account are often turned into an argument against the empowerment of refugee women.

  • 21.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Refugees, global governance and the local politics of violence against women2017In: Gender, violence, refugees / [ed] Susanne Buckley-Zistel and Ulrike Krause, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2017, p. 58-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores how violence against women is represented and approached in humanitarian aid to refugees. Drawing on an analysis of key humanitarian policy texts and case studies of efforts to address violence in refugee camps in Thailand and Bangladesh, the analysis demonstrates that a representation of violence against women as an expression of the 'underdevelopment' of refugee communities has gained prominence in humanitarian policy and practice. Consequently, changing the cultural norms and practices of refugees as to 'develop' them is seen as the main solution. However, this chapter shows that this approach has generated conflicts and resistance, and sometimes obstructed rather than advanced struggles for refugee women's rights.

  • 22.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sites of Repression and Resistance: Political Space in Refugee Camps in Thailand2017In: Critical Asian studies (Print), ISSN 1467-2715, E-ISSN 1472-6033, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 289-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Refugee camps are frequently perceived as spaces of emergency and exception. However, they are also spaces where millions of people live their everyday lives, sometimes for extended periods of time. As such, refugee camps are political spaces where struggles over the right to influence life in the camps and shape how they are governed are continuously ongoing. In this context, what are the opportunities for political participation for refugees living in camps? How and to what extent are refugees able to carve out political space where they can engage with and affect their lives and their situations? This paper addresses these questions through an analysis of refugee camps in Thailand. Drawing on Foucauldian analytics, the analysis demonstrates how key strategies employed to govern refugees, namely spatial confinement and development interventions are also creatively subverted by refugees and appropriated as bases for resistance and political mobilization. The article provides new insights into the relationship between power and resistance, demonstrating how specific technologies of governance create opportunities for subversion, reinterpretation, and appropriation.

  • 23.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The Ideal Refugees: Gender, Islam, and the Sahrawi Politics of Survival : The Concerned Women of Buduburam: Refugee Activists and Humanitarian Dilemmas2017In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 51, no 3, p. e47-e49Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Time to go home? The conflictual politics of diaspora return in the Burmese women's movement2019In: Asian Ethnicity, ISSN 1463-1369, E-ISSN 1469-2953, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 148-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The initiation of political reforms and a peace process in Myanmar has fundamentally altered the conditions for Burmese diasporic politics, and diaspora groups that have mobilized in Myanmar’s neighbouring countries are beginning to return. This article explores how return to Myanmar is debated within the Burmese women’s movement, a significant and internationally renowned segment of the Burmese diaspora. Does return represent the fulfilment of diasporic dreams; a pragmatic choice in response to less than ideal circumstances; or a threat to the very identity and the feminist politics of the women’s movement? Contrasting these competing perspectives, the analysis offers insights into the ongoing negotiations and difficult choices involved in return, and reveals the process of return as highly conflictual and contentious. In particular, the analysis sheds light on the gendered dimensions of diaspora activism and return, demonstrating how opportunities for women's activism are challenged, debated and reshaped in relation to return.

  • 25.
    Puschmann, Paul
    et al.
    Belgium.
    Van den Driessche, Nina
    Belgium.
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Van de Putte, Bart
    Belgium.
    Matthijs, Koen
    Belgium.
    From Outsiders to Insiders?: Partner Choice and Marriage among Internal Migrants in Antwerp, Rotterdam a Stockholm, 1850-19302015In: Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung, ISSN 0172-6404, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 319-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "Von Aussenseitem zu Etablierten? Partnerwahl und Heirat unter inleindischen Migranten in Antwerpen, Rotterdam und Stockholm, 1850-1930". Processes of social inclusion and exclusion among internal migrants in Antwerp, Rotterdam and Stockholm in the period 1850-1930 are studied with the help of data on partner choice and marriage of migrants who moved to these cities as singles. In practice, four outcomes related to meeting and mating are linked in our conceptual model to four acculturation trajectories, which form together a sliding scale in terms of social in- and exclusion. The models were tested by means of logistic regression. The results show that in all three cities social exclusion was a widespread phenomenon, and that only a small minority of the migrants became fully incorporated into urban mainstream society. Social exclusion was highly related to cultural differences between migrants and natives. Economic capital did not reduce the migrants' risk of facing marginalization, but it did facilitate the crossing of group boundaries for a specific group of migrants who were able to escape marginalization. The fact that social inclusion took place on a larger scale in Antwerp and Rotterdam compared to Stockholm suggests that large port cities facilitated the incorporation of migrants more than industrial cities.

  • 26.
    Reher, David
    et al.
    Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
    Requena, Miguel
    Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED).
    Sánchez-Domínguez, María
    Sociology II , Universidad Complutense de Madrid , Madrid , Spain.
    How level is the Playing Field? Divided Families Among Latin American Immigrants in Spain2013In: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 26-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International migratory movements tend to produce the reality of divided families that are located in at least two different places. The literature on divided or transnational families and family reunification movements has shown how the socio-demographic determinants in origin and the socio-economic and institutional factors in destination drive these processes. Assuming that migratory movements are the result to a large extent of specifically familial dynamics and strategies, in this paper we are interested in exploring whether other elements associated to the country of origin and to the relationship between country of origin and country of destination have a discernible influence on the family results of migration and, specifically, on the separation and subsequent reunification of the immigrant families. This complex set of elements builds on the playing field where migratory decisions are taken. The Spanish case, characterized by a sudden explosion of international immigration between 2000 and 2007 and significant numbers of Latin American migrants arriving during these years, is a particularly suitable scenario to investigate this phenomenon. The empirical analysis will be mainly based on the National Immigrant Survey of Spain (2007).

  • 27.
    Sanchez-Dominguez, María
    University Complutense of Madrid, Spain.
    Exogamia matrimonial de los inmigrantes latinoamericanos con españoles: integración o estrategia migratoria2011In: Revista Latinoamericana de Población, ISSN 2175-8581, Vol. 5, no 8, p. 33-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From the standpoint of assimilation theory, mixed marriages have traditionally been considered as the final stage of the integration process for the immigrants into the host society. From this perspective, we have made use of the recent National Immigrant Survey (2007) in Spain to analyze mixed marriages affecting Latin American immigrants and native Spaniards. Bivariate and multivariate approaches are used to analyze the contexts of these types of marriage, controlling for indicators such as sex, education, current citizenship, year of arrival, and the time between marriage and migration. The results reveal a fascinating and complex portrait of a type of marriage behavior that can vary significantly by country of origin.

  • 28.
    Sanchez-Dominguez, María
    University Complutense of Madrid, Spain.
    Factores estructurales de la exogamia matrimonial de los inmigrantes en España y Portugal2010In: Revista de Demografía Histórica, ISSN 1696-702X, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 165-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the marriage pattern of immigrants in the south of Europe using data of vital register from 2001 to 2008.

    The aim of this research is to study how immigrant population integrates in Spain and Portugal analyzing intermarriage with native people. The high incidence of intermarriage is considered to be the final step of the immigrant assimilation into the host society. This is the reason for which it is used as a perfectly suitable indicator of the level of assimilation. We expect that frequency of intermarriage will be higher among immigrants from countries linked to the receiving society through a strong historical and cultural bond. Only marriage couples are been included.

  • 29.
    Sanz-Gimeno, Alberto
    et al.
    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
    Sánchez-Domínguez, María
    University Complutense of Madrid, Spain.
    Los otros inmigrantes andinos: los colectivos boliviano y peruanos2009In: Las múltiples caras de la inmigración en España / [ed] David-Sven Reher, Miguel Requena, Madrid: Alianza , 2009, p. 185-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Scarpa, Simone
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Institutional and Sociological Approaches to the Aggregation of Detailed Immigrant Data: A Missing Link?2019Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the dilemmas facing multi-ethnic societies is how to recognize ethnic diversity while avoiding the risk of reifying ethnic identities, i.e. conceiving ethnic groups as homogeneous and static entities. Ethnic categorization is an essential and necessary tool for developing adequate policies to address unequal opportunities and discrimination. At the same time, ethnic categorizationis an inherently problematic procedure, in official statistics but also in ethnic and migration studies. In fact, ethnic categorization may involuntarily contribute to the reinforcement of stereotypes and negative attitudes towards immigrant groups and, by and large, to the ‘racialization’ of society. The aim of this issue brief is two-fold: (1) to present and compare how the issues of ethnic categorization are dealt with by researchers of selected EU countries and (2) to highlight how cross-country differences in ethnic categorization and pan-ethnic classification practices are also related to different population-counting traditions.

  • 31.
    Sjödin, Daria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    De första drabbas, vi andra lär oss: en kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande ungdomarnas upplevelser inför tiden när de kommer att lämna samhällsvården2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungdomar som är placerade inom samhällsvård upplever ofta oron inför tiden de fyller 21 år och kommer att lämna vården. Ofta möter de svårigheter kopplade till övergången från samhällsvården till det självständiga livet beroende på att de inte känner sig tillräckligt förberedda. Ensamkommande flyktingbarn placerade inom HVB-verksameter lämnar också samhällsvården när de fyller 21 vilket medför många risker för dem som grupp. Det kan handla om deras socialanpassning och andra viktiga praktiska färdigheter för att kunna leva som en självständig individ i det svenska samhället.

    Den här kvalitativ studie handlar om ungdomar som kom till Sverige som ensamkommande flyktingbarn och som kommer i en snar framtid att lämna samhällsvården. Studien riktar sig mot deras upplevelser av hur förberedda de är inför det självständiga livet och vilka faktorer de anser som stödjande, samt hur de ser på framtiden när de kommer att lämna samhällsvården vid 21 års ålder.

    Resultatet visar att det finns en viss oro inför framtiden beroende på ovissheten inför vad som sker efter att man fyllt 21 och på kunskapsbrister inom vissa viktiga livsområden.

  • 32.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning – eftersatt och efterfrågad2006In: tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 18-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I den senaste forskningspropositionen Forskning för ett bättre liv, konstateras att det är ”av stor vikt att olika grenar av den samerelaterade forskningen i ökad utsträckning samverkar och att det skapas former för bredare samverkan mellan olika forskningsdiscipliner för att nå synergieffekter”. Det är både glädjande och betydelsefullt att man från regeringens sida tar upp och diskuterar framtiden för den samiska forskningen i ett brett perspektiv. Likaså betonar regeringens urfolksdelegation i sin slutrapport, som lämnades i mars 2005, att det existerar ett stort behov av en utökad forskning med samisk tematik. Det är faktiskt så att beslutsfattare, forskare, lärare, politiker, tjänstemän, och åtskilliga andra inom såväl det svenska som det samiska samhället många gånger saknar tillräcklig kunskap för att kunna hantera de ärenden som berör de samiska frågorna. Därtill finns en generellt begränsad och ofta stereotyp bild av samerna och deras samhälle bland svenskar i allmänhet.

    Denna lakun är en stor och viktig utmaning för den akademiska forskningen. I föreliggande artikel har vi för avsikt att visa på de stora möjligheter (och i viss mån begränsningar) som forskning med samisk tematik erbjuder. Det finns en påtagligt hög samhällsrelevans, både i ett nationellt och i ett samiskt perspektiv. Då den samiska befolkningen är en erkänd ursprungsbefolkning öppnar därtill forskning med samisk tematik väldigt många dörrar ut mot en betydande internationell arena. Etnicitet, kolonisation, miljöfrågor och många andra områden som berör ursprungsbefolkningar över hela världen, har en inneboende kapacitet att berika åtskilliga ämnesdiscipliner.

  • 33.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Kenneth, Ögren
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Collaboration patterns among Swedish professionals in the repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children: an explorative study2016In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 901-916Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores patterns of collaboration between Swedish professionals involved in the repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children. A qualitative case study methodology was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a total of 20 statutory social workers, social workers at care homes, police officers, Swedish Migration Board officers, and legal guardians. A thematic approach was used to analyse the data. The results showed low levels of collaboration among the professionals and the use of different strategies by the professionals to manage their work tasks. Patterns were found among the professionals: some tended to isolate themselves from interaction and acted on the basis of personal preference, and others tended to behave sensitively, withdraw, and become passive observers rather than active partners in the repatriation process. These behaviours made it difficult for the relevant professionals to employ dignity and efficiency in the repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children.

  • 34.
    Sánchez-Domínguez, María
    et al.
    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
    de Valk, Helga
    NIDI, Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Interface Demography. Belgium.
    Reher, David
    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.
    Marriage strategies among immigrants in Spain2011In: Revista Internacional de Sociologia, ISSN 0034-9712, E-ISSN 1988-429X, Vol. 69, no M1, p. 139-166Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35. Tammaru, Tiit
    et al.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    van Ham, Maarten
    Danzer, Alexander
    Relations between residential and workplace segregation among newly arrived immigrant men and women2016In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 59, p. 131-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary cities are becoming more and more diverse in population as a result of immigration. Research shows that while residential neighborhoods are becoming ethnically more diverse within cities, residential segregation from natives has overall remained persistently high. High levels of segregation are often seen as negative, preventing the integration of immigrants into their host society and having a negative impact on people's lives. Where as most studies of segregation deal with residential neighborhoods, this paper investigates segregation at workplaces for newly arrived immigrant men and women from the Global South to Sweden. By using the domain approach, we focus on the relationship between workplace segregation, residential segregation, and the ethnic composition of households. Using longitudinal register data from Sweden, we find that residential segregation is much weaker related to workplace segregation than revealed by studies using cross-sectional data. Furthermore, the residential context is not an important factor in explaining workplace segregation for immigrant men. The most important factors shaping workplace segregation pertain to economic sector and city size.

  • 36.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Gästarbetare, illegala invandrare eller nya amerikaner?: Om arbetskraftsinvandring och integration i Kalifornien2004Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Gendered routes and courses: The socio-spatial mobility of migrants in nineteenth-century Sundsvall, Sweden2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines migrants during a time of large-scale socio-economic transformations. These changes were particularly evident in the nineteenth-century town of Sundsvall, Sweden, to which thousands of men and women moved. The causes and consequences of their arrival are analyzed by considering migrants’ geographical backgrounds, socio-economic and demographic characteristics, and their life-courses in the town. The results are explained by employing a micro-perspective focusing on individual migrants and a macro-perspective that, in addition to acknowledging the importance of structural socio-economic changes, also takes into account the current gender regime. The paths and experiences of women during the period of industrialization are particularly emphasized.

    Computerized parish registers enable this study to clarify gendered patterns of socio-spatial mobility. It finds differences and similarities between male and female migrants and illuminates their features in pre-industrial and urban-industrial Sundsvall. The influx increased remarkably over time but its even gender distribution and the characteristics of migrants remained fairly constant even though the town’s economic life was based on the surrounding sawmill industry that should have favored men’s arrival. Female migrants traveled shorter distances but they responded to business cycles in much the same way as men did and paralleled their length of residence in the town.

    The routes migrants took to Sundsvall were largely gendered and so were the consequences of their arrival. Life-course analyses show that a high level of social stability characterized most migrants during their stay in the town, but men particularly benefited from the economic transformation that was underway. Women seldom experienced upward social mobility although the additional sources used here such as local newspapers reveal they were very active in the urban labor market.

    In addition to gender several factors influenced patterns of migration such as socio-economic transformations, the availability of social networks, improving transportation, and a growing supply of information. Migrants’ multiple movements reveal that regional and larger migration systems brought people to Sundsvall but also encouraged them to leave. Their frequent travels illuminates the process of migration on individual and structural levels and shed light onto the slow process of urbanization in Sweden. Shifts in women’s migration patterns are viewed both as a protest against gendered constraints and as a result of the wider public space and labor opportunities they achieved through the introduction of legal and socio-economic reforms in the late nineteenth-century.

    This thesis shows the necessity to employ both micro- and macro-perspectives inspired by approaches used in different disciplines to conceptualize migrants and their experience of socio-spatial mobility. The use of a variety of methods and diverse array of sources benefits such efforts and helps identify gendered patterns and women’s paths. These methodologies allow us to recognize migrants as agents of change who negotiated a turbulent time and setting that influenced their socio-spatial mobility.

  • 38.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. social work.
    Fattiga migranter och "det yttersta ansvaret"2015In: Socialt arbete och migration / [ed] Norma Montesino & Erica Righard, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 87-106Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The ’blue berry scandal' of 2010: Local Swedish welfare-state responses to seasonal migrant berry-pickers in distress2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ‘blue berry scandal’ of 2010. Local Swedish welfare-state responses to seasonal migrant berry pickers in distress

     

    The berry picking season of 2010 ended up in a social tragedy which caused world wide attention. This is a case study on welfare-state responses, to Asian migrant berry pickers stranded in four municipalities in Sweden. The aim is to investigate the local welfare-state responses to and positioning of distressed berry pickers analyzed within a framework of intersecting migration- and welfare-regimes. How were welfare entitlements to (if any) and the political subjectivity of the berry pickers negotiated and practiced? How did the institutional practices position the berry pickers?Qualitative interviews were conducted of local politicians and social workers, a total number of 30 individuals.

    Findings; The berry pickers’ positions were shaped by the interplay of migration policy and welfare state practices.To some extent, local authorities supported the migrant workers temporarily. But in all cases the authorities did not anchoar the support in national law (not even in case of lawful practices), neither did they refer to universal conventions. Some of the local authorities rejected support referring to the clandestine position or non-citizenship of the berry pickers. Results indicates that migrant berry pickers are positioned in a grey zone of social rights as non-citizens. This zone is defined by a social rights gap constructed by the welfare state practices, distributing national welfare entitlements, based on citizenship, but also managing the presumed transnational universal human rights, which is not implemented in practice.

  • 40.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The Swedish Welfare-State's unnoticed helpers-Local support to Asian Seasonal Migrant Berry-pickers in distress2015In: Arbeit, Migration und Soziale Arbeit / [ed] T. Geisen, M. Ottersbach, Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden , 2015, p. 395-413Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every summer and fall, thousands of seasonal migrant workers travel cross the world to pick berries in Scandinavia, led by the expectations of returning to the nation of residency with an improvement of their financial situation. The processes behind the migration-movement and berry-industry’s import of workers must partly be viewed through the lenses of globalisation of capital opening up for a global labour-market, but which also enforces global division of economy in which levels of global inequality continues to be high. Through temporary berry-picking labour in Sweden the migrant workers struggle to make improvements of their living-standard in their country of residency, while they simultaneously solve a quest for labour which the Swedes are reluctant to do.

  • 41.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola.
    Responses to ethnic and 'racial' diversity in social work practice: The swedish development in a historical perspective2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Responses to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity in social work practice – The Swedish development in historical perspective 

    Social work responses to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity varies over time and between places. In some countries it is mainstreamed; in others it tends instead to be side-lined to ‘cultural experts’ and ‘culturally matched’ social workers. The existing – but very limited – research drawing on the situation in Sweden, suggests that in Sweden ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity tend to be side-lined. This is typically understood as related to the universal and extended Scandinavian welfare state regime that frames social work practices; universalism seems to emphasize universal standards in front of particularism. The universal standards assume that the legislative and theoretical framework are so called (culturally) ‘neutral’. In practice this sometimes equals ‘colour or ethnic blindness’ with ‘whiteness’ as present but invisible. This presentation contributes to this research field, analysing how different meanings given to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity in social work have developed over time in Sweden. 

    The empirical material is drawn from the main Swedish professional journal of social work (Socionomen). The journal is considered an important platform for debating social work practice in Sweden and has existed for almost sixty years. We have systematically searched all issues from the first publication in 1958 up until 2014. Methodologically we rely on text and content analysis. This includes how issues on ethnic relations are presented, framed and what particular words that are used. This implies an analysis of choices of words and representations which carry underlying assumptions about the issues addressed. By way of analysing the content of the debates in this journal, we can show the varying meaning that has been given to ethnic and ‘racial’ relations in Sweden over time.

    The analysis indicates that throughout the years, there is a paradoxical interest in the international dimension of social work. However, for many decades, international dimensions in social work was understood as something situated ‘there’, not ‘here’. While social work practice early on was understood as (culturally) neutral, from the 1970s cultural representations of the ‘other’ begin to appear. While the representations of the ‘other’ varies over time, the cultural representation of ‘whiteness’ remains invisible. Hence, this study supports earlier studies arguing that the ethnic and ‘racial’ relations are side-lined in social work in Sweden. Its particular contribution lies in that it highlights how this has shifted over time. 

     

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