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  • 1.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Etnologi. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Bakom papper och stål: Ett tekniskt universitet och en disciplinkultur med särskilt fokus på region, industriell anknytning, kön och etnicitet2002Inngår i: Akademisk kultur: Vetenskapliga miljöer i kulturanalytisk belysning / [ed] Britta Lundgren, Stockholm: Carlsson , 2002, 1, s. 75-140Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Stamhustru: Om eurocentriska myter, kön och ”personlig utveckling” i teveserien Ett annat sätt att leva2012Inngår i: Om ras och vithet i det samtida Sverige / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Helena Hörnfeldt, Fataneh Farahani & René León Rosales, Tumba: Mångkulturellt centrums förlag , 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Lundahl, Mikela
    (Un-)veiling the west: Burkini-gate, Princess Hijab and dressing as struggle for postsecular integration2016Inngår i: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 263-283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ban of the burkini in the summer of 2016 in France is the latest stage in a long political history, where the French depreciation or fear of the veil, and of Islam, has come to play a more significant role since the end of the cold war. Unveiling female bodies at the beach in Nice expose conditioned values of the French republic. In this context, drawing black veils on public advertisements becomes a performative act commenting on consumerism, religion, secularity, and the imagined Muslim woman. In this article we discuss freedom and integration in "third spaces" via an analysis of "hijabisation" in street art and the official reactions against certain types of beachwear. In line with Talal Asad (2006) we want to raise the issue on how the secular state addresses the pain of people who are obliged to give up part of their religious identity to become acceptable. Race-thinking was once an explicit part of celebrated values like modernity, secularity, democracy and human rights. However, the fact that the idea of races has been erased from articulations of Western nations and international bodies does not mean that traces of race-thinking in the heritage from the enlightenment are gone. By following Princess Hijab and the "Burkini-gate" a nationalist fantasy intertwined with the idea of the secular state reveals itself and acts of un/dressing emerge as signs of integration revealing a challenged imperialist paradigm.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Bohman, Andrea
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Eger, Maureen A.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Velásquez, Paolo
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Revisiting group threat theory using insights from stigma research2024Inngår i: Migration stigma: understanding prejudice, discrimination, and exclusion / [ed] Lawrence H. Yang; Maureen A. Eger; Bruce G. Link, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2024, s. 45-57Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on group threat theory (Blumer 1958), one of the main sociological approaches used to explain prejudice toward minority groups. It examines the utility of the theory when applied to prejudice in the context of migration-generated diversity and analyzes how its original formulation by Blumer compares with the conceptualization of stigma by Link and Phelan (2001). Similarities and diff erences are drawn between Blumer's "four feelings" in prejudice and Link and Phelan's "four components" constitutive of stigma. Despite overlapping, complementary, and at time divergent arguments, using these two approaches in tandem may overcome the limitations of group threat theory and, in the process, advance research into anti-immigrant sentiment. In turn, it is posited that scholarship on stigma may gain from incorporating the concept of threat into its framework.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Bonfanti, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Department of Economics, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy.
    'new rules for labour immigration': delving into the 2008 Swedish reform of labour migration and its effects on migrants' well-being2014Inngår i: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 371-386Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    I have investigated the nature of the transformation triggered by the reform of labour mobility entitled 'New Rules for Labour Immigration', introduced in Sweden in 2008, and its impact on migrants' well-being. By applying the methodology of the 'What's the problem represented to be?' approach (Bacchi 2009), I show that the problem at which the reform was aimed is represented as a shortage of skills and labour. I argue that such a representation and the silences it invokes are underpinned by the paradigms of managed migration and of neoliberalism, thus marking a discontinuity in the political rhetoric of universalism which had been endorsed by Sweden since the beginning of the 1970s. I contend that such a formulation of the problem assumes and entails a conceptualisation of migrants as factors of production. This formulation stands in sharp opposition to the one advanced by the Human Development and Capability Approach to migration (UNDP 2009) which recognises migrants as human beings, endowed with capabilities, aspirations, and agency. Such reification of migrants implies that the reform regulates the stay of immigrants in Sweden with the purpose of maximising their contribution to Swedish economic growth, thus putting them in a vulnerable position which is likely to reduce their capability for work (Bonvin 2009). 

  • 6.
    Collinson, Mark A.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Migration and Urbanization Working Group, INDEPTH Network, Ghana.
    Age-sex profiles of migration: who is a migrant?2018Inngår i: The dynamics of migration, health and livelihoods: INDEPTH network perspectives / [ed] Mark Collinson; Kubaje Adazu; Michael White; Sally Findley, Routledge, 2018, s. 49-62Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter examines multi-site migration age-sex profiles in the INDEPTH network. Certain age groups, like primary school children, show very low levels of migration, while young adults in their prime are the most likely to be migrants. The regularity of age-patterns of migration has been long observed and model migration schedules have been developed since the 1980s. The age patterns presented in the data had excesses or deficits of migration in particular age groups in particular settings, but the pattern was uniform enough to be modelled. The age-sex profile is a compact summary of how migration is actually experienced, a measure of who is most likely to move at what point in their lives and whether and how this differs by gender. The age-sex profiles of migration reveal how the intensity of migration bears upon certain age groups more than others, notably young adults, but there is a diversity of levels presented across the different sites.

  • 7. Dollmann, Jörg
    et al.
    Rudolphi, Frida
    SOFI, Stockholm University.
    Parameshwaran, Meena
    Ethnic differences in language skills: how individual and family characteristics aid and prohibit the linguistic integration of children of immigrants2018Inngår i: Growing up in diverse societies: the integration of the children of immigrants in England, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden / [ed] Frank Kalter, Jan O. Jonsson, Frank Van Tubergen and Anthony Heath, Oxford University Press, 2018, s. 219-245Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Få tjänstemän talar samiska2006Inngår i: Invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, nr 2, s. 15-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Minoritetsspråkslagarna har stärkt de nationella minoriteternas identitet och självuppfattning. Språkens status måste dock höjas vid myndigheter och förvaltningar för att de ska bevaras. Samiska och meänkieli talas i dag mest bland äldre.

  • 9.
    Eryilmaz, Mehmet
    et al.
    Department of Business Administration, Uludag University, Turkey .
    Evansluong, Quang
    Lund University.
    Travel of Cuisines by the Hands of Refugee Entrepreneurs: A study on Syrian Restaurants in Turkey2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Eryilmaz, Mehmet
    et al.
    Department of Business Administration, Uludag University .
    Huriye, Yeröz
    Leicester Castle Business School, De Montfort University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez-Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    A structured literature review on refugee entrepreneurship2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Department of Strategy and Operations Management, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, United Kingdom..
    Influences of immigrants from emerging economies and developing countries on immigrant entrepreneurship in Sweden2017Inngår i: Contextualizing entrepreneurship in emerging economies and developing countries / [ed] Marcela Ramirez Pasillas, Ethel Brundin, Magdalena Markowska, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, s. 316-328Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Opportunity creation as a mixed embedding process: A study of immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden2016Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial opportunities are frequently noted and addressed in the literature of immigrant entrepreneurship; however, little is known about how these entrepreneurial opportunities come into existence and how immigrant entrepreneurs create such opportunities. The purpose of this thesis is to examine why and how immigrant entrepreneurs create entrepreneurial opportunities through embedding processes in the home country and the host country.

    Sweden was chosen as the country of residence of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico. Four cases were selected in this study. Each case illustrates an opportunity creation process in a different industry, between a different home country and Sweden as the host country and by immigrant entrepreneurs with different backgrounds.

    By using the mixed embeddedness perspective as the theoretical lens in combination with the literature on entrepreneurial opportunity and immigrant entrepreneurship, this thesis develops a model of entrepreneurial opportunity creation as an integration process. The findings suggest that entrepreneurial opportunity creation can be considered as a process of local integration by immigrant entrepreneurs into the host country and a re-integration of these entrepreneurs into the home country. At the beginning of the opportunity creation process, immigrant entrepreneurs feel socially excluded in the host country. Throughout the opportunity creation process, immigrant entrepreneurs interact with different actors in the host country and gradually move from being socially excluded to socially included, which illustrates a local integration process. In this process, immigrant entrepreneurs become localized through different activities that embed them in the local context. The process of entrepreneurial idea and business concept development and the refinement of the business concept in this thesis illustrates an ongoing and non-linear process of: being locally integrated through creating trust in the local people, acculturating and creating a sense of belonging; and being re-integrated to the home country through maintaining and establishing new links to the home country.

    The study contributes to the mainstream entrepreneurship and immigrant entrepreneurship in several ways. First, it contributes to studies on immigrant entrepreneurship by investigating why immigrants embark on a journey to be entrepreneurs and how immigrant entrepreneurs create entrepreneurial opportunities through embedding processes in the home and the host country. The study demonstrates how an entrepreneurial opportunity is created as a social integration process.

    Second, the study contributes to literature on entrepreneurship and immigrant entrepreneurship by incorporating the entrepreneurial opportunity creation process with acculturation strategies. It illustrates how the entrepreneurial opportunity creation process intertwines with the four strategies of acculturation.

    Third, the study contributes to the mixed embeddedness perspective by adopting the process approach and proposing mixed embedding as a new concept which centers on the interplay between the home and the host country’s influences on immigrants’ business activities; by extending mixed embeddedness from the national level of the home country or the host country to the transnational level between the home country and the host country; and by proposing an alternative way to view an entrepreneurial opportunity as a creation process instead of being discovered.

    Fourth, the study contributes to the immigrant entrepreneurship literature in Sweden by furthering the understanding of entrepreneurial opportunity creation by immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden.

    Furthermore, the study suggests some implications for practice. The study proposes some embedding mechanisms which can be implemented in business support programs for immigrant entrepreneurs and in integration programs for immigrants in general. The design of the business support programs can aim to help immigrant entrepreneurs to: create credibility through contacts and experiences that they establish and gain in the local community; create familiarity to the local community through associating business concepts with well-known values; engage in the local life to understand customers’ mindsets, master the local language to understand local customers’ needs; and establish new/strengthen connections to the home country. The design of integration programs can aim to undertake activities that help immigrants increase the interaction between the local people and themselves. This type of interaction could be increased by organizing meetings and activities in which immigrants are introduced to different local sports clubs and hobby clubs. An approach in which the host country’s language is practiced and mastered anywhere and anytime should be adopted in the integration programs.

  • 13.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Eryilmaz, Mehmet
    Department of Business Administration, Uludag University, Turkey.
    From Syria to Turkey: travel of cuisines by the hand of refugee entrepreneurs2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Newcastle University Business School.
    Grip, Lena
    Department of Geography, Media & Communication, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Homing and ethnicitization as strategies: turning ethnicity from disadvantage to advantage2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Grip, Lena
    Department of Geography, Media & Communication, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Karayianni, Eva
    University of Central Lancashire Cyprus.
    Digital ethnicity affordances: from a liability to an asset in immigrant entrepreneurship2023Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This paper aims to understand how immigrant entrepreneurs use digital opportunities to overcome the liability of newness and foreignness and how an immigrant’s ethnicity can be digitally performed as an asset in business.

    Design. The study adopts an inductive multiple case study approach using social media content. The data consists of over 3,500 posts, images, and screenshots from Facebook, Instagram, and the webpages of seven successful Vietnamese restaurants in Sweden. Grounded content analysis was conducted using NVivo.

    Findings. The findings suggest that digitalising ethnic artifacts can mediate and facilitate three digital performances that together can turn ethnicity from a liability to an asset: (i) preserving performance through digital ethnicising, (ii) embracing performance through digital generativitising and (iii) appropriating performance through digital fusionising. The results support the introduction of a conceptual framework depicting the interwoven duality of horizontal and vertical boundary blurring, in which the former takes place between the offline and online spaces of immigrant businesses, and the latter occurs between the home and host country attachment of the immigrant businesses.

    Originality. This study responds to calls for understanding how immigrant entrepreneurs can overcome the liability of foreignness. It offers a fresh look at ethnicity, which has been seen in a negative light in the field of immigrant entrepreneurship. This study illuminates that ethnicity can be used as a resource in immigrant entrepreneurship, specifically through the use of digital artifacts and digital platforms.

  • 16.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    A missing link in immigrant entrepreneurship: family functions and opportunity creation processes2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper employs an inductive case study to explore the relevance of the family functions in the opportunity creation process by immigrant entrepreneurs. We employ the perspective of the opportunity creation process and the family functions for theory building purposes. We conducted four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs who established businesses in Sweden and that have their origins in Lebanon and Syria, Cameroon, Mexico, and Syria. The paper identifies three family functions -- or family ways of working -- facilitating the opportunity creation process: (I) changing family roles, (II) family (acting) as a springboard, (III) family (acting) as trusting bedrock. These family functions were not static features rather processes influencing the opportunity creation process. The functions were connected to a specific opportunity creation process in the same order: (I) the triggering process, (II) the exploration of an entrepreneurial idea and (III) the exploitation of the entrepreneurial idea. The family functions changed as needed during the opportunity creation processes. Such change was however limited to the pool of resources available to the immigrant entrepreneur and the family in the home and host countries.

  • 17.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Family embeddedness in immigrants' entrepreneurial opportunity creation process2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Family matters: family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conducts an inductive case study to develop theory on the role of family in the host and home country in the process of immigrant entrepreneurs’ creation of entrepreneurial opportunities. We employ the perspectives of the opportunity creation process and family social capital. We conducted four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico, that launched businesses in Sweden. Three sources of family social capital are acknowledged in the opportunity creation process: family duties, family trust and family support. Family duties stimulate the process of forming an entrepreneurial idea. This process is advanced by the existence of family trust. Next, immigrant entrepreneurs count on family support to launch the idea. By recognizing these sources of family social capital, we explain how families in the host and home country contribute to immigrant entrepreneurs’ opportunity creation.

  • 19.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    From Family Embeddedness to Families Embedding in Migrants' Opportunity Development Processes2021Inngår i: Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561, Vol. 2021, nr 1, artikkel-id 1563Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the roles of family in migrant entrepreneurs’ opportunity development. We employ the opportunity development and family embeddedness for theory building purposes. We conducted a longitudinal inductive case study on four cases of migrant entrepreneurs who have established businesses in Sweden and who have their origins in Lebanon and Syria, Cameroon, and Mexico, documented with 29 interviews and field observations. The paper identifies families embedding occurring by means of three norms of reciprocity and obligations that facilitate the opportunity development process. These norms are fulfilling the expectations of family and the existing family business, regularly interacting with family and the existing family business, and deploying family and business loyalty. These norms are connected to specific sub-processes of opportunity development, namely, the generation of an entrepreneurial idea, shaping an entrepreneurial idea, and defining the (new) family venture offering. By identifying these norms in the opportunity development processes, we theorize that migrant entrepreneurs rely on different family members and the existing family business from the home or host country at different moments of the opportunity development process. Such dynamic creates different norms of reciprocity and obligations for migrant entrepreneurs and their families, which influence the opportunity development.

  • 21.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Faculty of Business and Law, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK; Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Laws, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    The role of family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes2019Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 36, nr 1-2, s. 164-188Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conducts an inductive case study to build a theory on the role of family in both the host and home countries in immigrant entrepreneurs' attempts at creating entrepreneurial opportunities. We used the perspectives of the opportunity creation process and family social capital. We relied on data collected from four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico who have established businesses in Sweden. The paper identified three sources of family social capital: family duties, family trust and family support as being relevant for creating opportunities. While family duties triggered the process of forming an entrepreneurial idea, this process was advanced by the existence of family trust. Family support was then the building block for launching an entrepreneurial idea. By identifying these three sources of family social capital, we show that families in the host and home countries contribute to immigrant entrepreneurs' opportunity creation.

  • 22.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Sten K. Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship, Lund University, School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden; Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK and Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFeo), Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Nguyen Bergström, Huong
    Immigrant-institutet.
    From breaking-ice to breaking-out: integration as an opportunity creation process2019Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 880-899Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conduct an inductive case study to understand how the opportunity creation process leads to integration.

    Design/methodology/approach – It examines four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs of Cameroonian, Lebanese, Mexican and Assyrian origins who founded their businesses in Sweden. The study relies on process-oriented theory building and develops an inductivemodel of integration as an opportunity creation process.

    Findings – The suggested model shows immigrants’ acculturation into the host society via three successive phases: breaking-ice, breaking-in and breaking-out. In the breaking-ice phase, immigrants trigger entrepreneurial ideas to overcome the disadvantages that they face as immigrants in the host country. In the breaking-in phase, immigrants articulate their entrepreneurial ideas by bonding with the ethnic community.

    In the breaking-out phase, the immigrants reorient their entrepreneurial ideas by desegregating them locally. The paper concludes by elaborating theoretical and practical implications of the research.

    Originality/value – Immigrants act when they are socially excluded and discriminated in the labor market by developing business ideas and becoming entrepreneurs. By practicing the new language and accommodating native customers’ preferences, immigrants reorient their entrepreneurial ideas. The immigrants tailor their ideas to suit their new customers by strengthening their sense of belonging to the local community.

    Keywords Immigrants, Entrepreneurial opportunity, Integration process, Opportunity creation process, Acculturation theory, Sweden, Breaking-in, Breaking-out, Breaking-ice

  • 23.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Nguyen Bergström, Huong
    From marginalized to integration: Entrepreneurial opportunity as an acculturation process2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conducts an inductive case study to further understand how acculturation process and opportunity creation process influences each other. Our study rests on four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs of Cameroonian, Lebanese, Mexican and Assyrian origin who founded their businesses in Sweden. We highlight how (a) being isolated, (b) ethnicization (c) group-based trust building, (d) adapting to the local customs and (e) developing a sense of belonging influences the process of (1) becoming entrepreneurs, (2) shaping entrepreneurial ideas and (3) refining entrepreneurial ideas. Our study show that immigrants still maintain connections to their home country while developing relationships with members of the native groups in the host country and adopt the host country’s values. 

  • 24.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Mojgan, Padyab
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande flyktingbarn: om effektivitet, värdighet och barnens bästa från tjänstemäns och gode mäns perspektiv2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport tar sin utgångspunkt i den svenska regeringens ställningstagande att barn som inte anses ha skyddsbehov eller andra skäl att stanna i Sverige ska kunna återvända hem på värdiga sätt. Samma regering har dock också tydligt uttalat att antalet av- och utvisningar väsentligen ska öka i förhållande till tidigare år. Det är den potentiella spänningen mellan skarpa krav på effektivitet i av- och utvisningsärenden å ena sidan och kraven på värdighet, respekt för mänskliga rättigheter och barnets bästa å den andra, som undersöks i den här rapporten. Fokus ligger på hur centrala aktörer förhåller sig till och tolkar dessa krav och på vad deras respektive förhållningssätt och tolkningar betyder för samverkan dem emellan.

    Tre fallstudier i kommuner av varierande storlek belägna i de geografiskt åtskilda länen Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland har genomförts. Fallstudierna bygger på totalt 49 intervjuer med handläggare på Migrationsverket, socialsekreterare, gode män, HVBpersonal och poliser – alla verksamma som centrala aktörer vid av- och utvisningar. I analysen av det insamlade materialet betraktas de professionella aktörerna (de gode männen undantagna) som gräsrotsbyråkrater med vida handlingsutrymmen. Det som undersöks är i vilken utsträckning de anser sig kunna omsätta de politiska målsättningarna om ökad effektivitet och bibehållen värdighet i praktiken. För att kunna analysera vad det är som utmärker samarbete och samverkan mellan aktörerna används teorier om interorganisatorisk samverkan.

    De huvudsakliga slutsatser som framkommit i rapporten är att uppfattningar om och förhållningssätt till det effektiva och värdiga återvändandet skiljer sig åt bland de olika aktörerna i Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland. Aktörerna gör egna tolkningar av begreppen effektivitet och värdighet, i vilka mening skapas utifrån professionella erfarenheter, roller och uppdrag. De största skillnaderna i uppfattning och tolkning har återfunnits mellan aktörskategorierna, inte mellan de tre fallstudierna. Polis och Migrationsverk anser generellt att effektivitet och värdighet går att förena. Poliserna och tjänstemännen på Migrationsverket har jämfört med de andra aktörerna oftare ett uttalat legalt perspektiv och ser både värdighet och respekt för barnens mänskliga rättigheter som inbäddade i det juridiska ramverket. Socialsekreterare, HVB-personal och gode män anser däremot generellt att ett återvändande mot ett barns vilja inte någonsin kan bli värdigt. De är också mer benägna att se det som att Barnkonventionen i relation till utlänningslagen hamnar i underordnad ställning. Vissa likheter mellan aktörerna har också kunnat identifieras. Samtliga betonar gott bemötande, god kommunikation och tydlig information i relation till de barn som fått av- eller utvisningsbeslut.

    Aktörernas olika förhållningssätt får konsekvenser för deras samverkan. Överlag kan samverkan i samtliga undersökta kommuner beskrivas som begränsad, oklar, personberoende och utan gemensamma mål. Aktörerna uttrycker brist på tillit och många upplever en känsla av ensamhet i sina roller. Goda erfarenheter av samverkan finns visserligen men det är tydligt att skilda professionella normer, organisationskulturer, erfarenheter och perspektiv försvårar samverkan.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 25.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    En resa med tvång: erfarenheter av avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande asylsökande flyktingbarn2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Grip, Lena
    et al.
    Department of Geography, Media & Communication, Karlstad University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    From Disadvantage to Advantage: Digital performance of ethnicity in migrant entrepreneurship2021Inngår i: Migrant Belongings: Digital Practices And The Everyday, European Communication Research and Education (ECREA) , 2021, s. 68-68Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrant entrepreneurship literature has discussed ethnicity mainly as a source of disadvantage which triggers many immigrants decide to be self-employed as a way to enter the labor market. However, when immigrants embark on their entrepreneurial journey, ethnicity can be utilized as a commodity and a resource in several ways. 

    Based on netnography research, this study examine seven successful Vietnamese restaurants in Sweden. For these entrepreneurs the Vietnamese ethnicity is a resource responding to customers’ expectations of an exotic and authentic food experience. However, to run popular restaurants the entrepreneurs also need the knowledge of the host community, and we relate this to Georgios Transnational habitus skill, the “ability to use mobility, connectivity, and transnational association to achieve certain goals” (Georgiou 2019:73). Although ethnicity as a resource has been discussed in the entrepreneurship literature, little is known about how immigrant entrepreneurs turn ethnicity from disadvantage to advantage. Therefore, we focus on how ethnicity is used and digitally performed in immigrant’s businesses, as a part of the process of transforming ethnicity from a disadvantage to an advantage.

    Our point of departure is that digital technologies has become an integrated part of the social production of space through mediating socio-spatial relations (Ash et al., 2018). In this study, the use of social media is therefore central for the understanding of the production of space and performance of ethnicity and how the ethnicity is used as an asset. Visual content of Facebook, Instagram and webpages of the restaurants are the main empirical material. However, we are interested in more than the content of images themselves, as we understand them as a part of the social context and relationships for which they are produced, that is, the social relation between immigrants and their new home-place, and the relation between restaurant owners and their customers.

  • 27.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Entwined ruralities: seasonality, simultaneity and precarity among transnational migrant workers in the wild berry industry2021Inngår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 88, s. 510-517Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Agrarian industries in rural areas are increasingly relying on seasonal migrant workers, who arrive in transnationally organised settings. This paper focuses on the concept of transnational simultaneity in order to further analyse the dynamics that are sustaining low-wage, seasonal labour migration in transnational social fields. It is suggested that the concepts of seasonal livelihood diversification and biographical simultaneity contribute to explain this process, which is highlighted in relation to the empirical case of Thai wild berry pickers in Sweden. The ability of the workers to co-arrange life in the homeland with work overseas, together with a firmly institutionalised, transnational social network, lay the ground for the Thai-Swedish migration process. It is characterised by high circularity and frequency among the migrant workers, who oscillate on a seasonal basis between multi-sited work places, despite relatively low economic return. It is argued that simultaneity within the transnational social field, which is embedded in seasonal livelihood diversification and prospects of improved futures for their children, lowers the threshold for accepting exploitative work conditions, thus paving the way for precarious migrant work.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Precarity and migration: Thai wild berry pickers in Sweden2022Inngår i: Faces of precarity: critical perspectives on work, subjectivities and struggles / [ed] Joseph Choonara; Annalisa Murgia; Renato Miguel Carmo, Bristol University Press , 2022, s. 180-194Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyzes the precarity of migrant workers. International migrants tend to be precarious due to the unequal distribution of resources along lines of ethnicity, race and citizenship. The chapter analyzes the complex relationship between structure and agency in precarious migration processes of global food chains. The example of Thai wild berry pickers in Sweden shows how migrant work is sustained through an interplay of, on the one hand, structures of neoliberal and global divisions of labour and, on the other hand, migrant aspirations for a better life. Specifically, the COVID-19 pandemic illustrates how migrant workers, as actors in global neoliberal food systems, are taking both economic and health-related risks while working abroad. Indirectly, migrant agency is sustaining a system of precarious work.

  • 29. Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Abella, Manolo
    Thai berry pickers in Sweden: A migration corridor to a low-wage sector2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Every year, around 5000 berry pickers travel from Thailand to Sweden to pick wild berries. This report describes the system and regulatory framework that surrounds the berry pickers, and analyses their costs and earnings. The report has a comparative approach, and compares the Thai berry pickers with other types of international labour migration and with their alternative earnings in Thailand. It also describes the workers demographic background and their use of the earnings from berry picking. The report is uniquely based on 165 standardized interviews with Thai berry pickers, which were performed in Thailand on behalf of this study. The main conclusion is that the costs surrounding berry picking are relatively high, as seen against the background of the short berry picking season and the time that the workers are spending in Sweden. On average, a berry picker pays around 4000 USD to work in Sweden for a period of 70 days. This means that, for the average worker, it takes 1,6 months to earn enough money to cover these costs, and thereafter remains only a limited time window to earn enough money to bring back to Thailand. Around 50 percent of the costs incurred are paid to Thai staffing agencies, and the other half is paid to Swedish berry companies as a daily fee for accommodation, food and access to a car. After the deduction of all costs, the average berry picker returns to Thailand with around 2000 USD from one season in Sweden. This figure is roughly three times that of what the average worker would normally earn in Thailand during the same amount of time. The worker with the highest net earnings from berry picking in Sweden, however, could make as much as 12 times more than what he or she would make in Thailand. The report also shows that the berry pickers, who often are men working as farmers in north-eastern Thailand where they also have their families, are travelling to Sweden repeatedly. A majority of the workers in the study had travelled to Sweden seven times or more, whereas the most frequent worker had travelled as much as 26 times. According to the study, there is no positive relationship between the frequency of work in Sweden and the size of vi the earnings. The earnings from berry picking are being used for daily consumption and investments in farming, housing and children’s’ education. In the report we discuss the motives behind the perpetuation of the migration system despite the relatively high costs. One explanation could be that the workers are being paid on a piece rate, meaning that they are aspiring, and believing that they can achieve, the same high earnings as the most successful workers. However, the payment system also implies that the workers are at high risk, since almost 50 percent note that they have earned less than the guaranteed wage that they are entitled to according to Swedish collective agreements. Another reason why berry pickers travel to Sweden repeatedly could be that it’s associated with relatively low social costs. The berry season in Sweden occurs at a suitable time in the Thai growing season, and the berry pickers are spending a relatively short time away from their families. The system surrounding berry picking can be seen both as it’s solution and it’s problem. On the one hand, Thai staffing agencies and Swedish berry companies are providing the infrastructure that sustains the system across time, thus enabling the workers to invest in their children’s futures, etc. On the other hand, the report shows a lack of transparency in relation to the costs, which might be excessive, while the costs and risks are put on the individual worker. The practice of using staffing agencies has been enacted as a way to avoid taxes and social responsibility in Sweden. As an alternative, it is possible that experienced berry pickers could use their own social networks to travel to Sweden, while starting up a cooperative and in that way, reduce the costs.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Heith, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Litteraturvetenskap och nordiska språk.
    Gömda. En sann historia: romantik, spänning, melodram och populärorientalism2006Inngår i: Svenskläraren, ISSN 0346-2412, nr 4, s. 20-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Helander, Disa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bordering through genetics: DNA testing, family reunification and Swedish migration control2023Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    After people flee to Sweden and are granted asylum, their family members must apply to the Swedish migration authorities in order to be reunited with their loved ones in Sweden. As part of this process, some applicants must prove their relationships through DNA analysis. In such situations, ‘family’ is conceptualised as meaning only genetic parent-child relationships and couples who have a child to whom they are both genetically related. This contrasts to more varied constructions of family in other contexts, not least compared to queer family and kinship practices. In this thesis, I analyse the use of DNA testing in family reunification in Sweden, its consequences, as well as how ‘family’, ‘migration control’ and ‘knowledge’ are constructed in this practice. Drawing on postcolonial and queer feminist theorising, as well as feminist science and technology studies, I examine the interrelatedness of power, body, scientific knowledge production, experience, and critique. I interrogate the use of DNA tests in migration control through an ethnographic study consisting of interviews and observations, as well as policy and published material. The study involves people who have applied for family reunification, civil servants at the Swedish Migration Agency, officials from the Migration Courts, staff in laboratories analysing DNA, representatives from migrant rights organisations and lawyers.

    When DNA tests are used in family reunification proceedings they come to function as the ultimate arbiter of who counts as ‘family’, and are a determining factor in whether family reunification is granted. I argue that this is based on hierarchical valuations of different knowledges. It also relies on a combination of racialised and heterosexual schemes of (un)intelligibility that shape which families, relationships, and lives are thought of as deserving protection or family reunification. My analysis of how DNA is analysed and constructed as knowledge demonstrates the gradual reduction of ambiguity and corollary stabilisation of meaning this process involves. This occurs within the laboratory processes themselves, and then when test results are subsequently used within the legal system. Despite the contingencies of these processes of production and interpretation of knowledge, DNA analyses are constructed as unchallengeable; they are seen as providing clear-cut answers as to who is family. I contend that DNA testing in migration control reproduces an epistemic order in which migrants’ accounts are devalued and treated with suspicion, and where technoscience assumes the function of a producer of facts and truth. I argue that the use of a form of knowledge that is constructed as objective, neutral, and reliable leads to migration control itself being constructed as neutral, and as characterised by administrative justice. Through the example of DNA testing, this thesis claims that racialised and sexualised discourses in combination with the mobilisation of what is considered infallible knowledge function to legitimise and naturalise migration control.

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  • 32.
    Helander, Disa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    DNA-test som migrationskontroll: Ett sätt att "göra familjer"2020Inngår i: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, nr 66-67, s. 163-176Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 33.
    Henrysson, Sten
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lapp eller nybyggare?1988Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 34.
    Hjertstedt, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Åldersbedömningar i svensk asylprocess - Gräsrotsbyråkrati eller expertstyre?2024Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 101, nr 1, s. 57-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna artikel är att utforska hur centrala svenska aktörer upplever och hanterar arbetet med åldersbedömningar av asylsökande barn i Sverige. Vidare syftar artikeln till att diskutera hur dessa aktörer använder sitt handlingsutrymme till att balansera mellan den rättsliga regleringen å den ena sidan och barnets rättigheter och behov å den andra. I artikeln används Lipskys teori om gräsrotsbyråkrater. Undersökningen baseras på kvalitativa semi-strukturerade intervjuer med tjänstepersoner vid Migrationsverket och rättsläkare. Av resultaten dras slutsatsen att tjänstepersonerna vid Migrationsverket har ett stort handlingsutrymme vid åldersbedömning av asylsökande barn, men att de i hög grad använder detta till att överlämna beslutet om ålder till rättsläkarna. Vidare dras slutsatsen att rättsläkarna har ett mer begränsat handlingsutrymme, eftersom det är utlåtanden från tandläkare och röntgenläkare som egentligen avgör vilken åldersbedömning som görs.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Hjertstedt, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Isak
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Migrant minors in detention: Practical needs and the limits set by the European Convention2023Inngår i: Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, ISSN 2371-4298, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 166-175Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    State officials report practical needs to put migrant minors in detention, and the European Convention on Human Rights sets legal limits on this practice. This article defines the scope of circumstances under which migrating minors may be detained by analyzing The European Court of Human Rights case law, using judgments in which the detention of migrant minors has been alleged a violation of Articles 3, 5.1, or 8. It also explores states’ needs for detaining such children, using data from 19 interviews with Swedish police officers, and compares these views with the case law. Police interviewees primarily describe two needs to detain children: to make deportations of children smooth and dignified, and to prevent minors from committing crimes. The investigation finds that migrant minor detentions are rarely permissible according to the Convention—especially under Article 3—and that the permissible scope is too small to meet the expressed practical needs. The actors involved in the issue of detaining migrant minors might have different perspectives on the issue, but they must not lose sight of the fact that these children are categorized as some of the most vulnerable in society and that their rights must be protected.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Sundström, Kristin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Integrating the immigrant the Swedish way? Understandings of citizenship and integration in Swedish local civic integration projects2023Inngår i: Journal of Intercultural Studies, ISSN 0725-6868, E-ISSN 1469-9540, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 553-569Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, integration is a pressing issue particularly following the large influx of immigrants in 2015. Swedish municipalities play an important role in civic integration, with responsibility for newly arrived immigrants receiving a basic understanding of Swedish society, their rights and obligations. We analyse data from 204 applications granted funding 2016/2017 for projects improving the integration of refugees into society by co-operation between municipalities and other actors. Using thematic analysis, we identify two broad themes. One concerning the ‘what’ of integration–the Swedish values, norms and behaviours that immigrants are expected to learn in order to become ‘good’ Swedish citizens, and the other concerning the means or the ‘how’ of integration. However, although these projects are well-meaning, they may have normalizing and disciplining effects whereby the immigrant is constructed as subordinate, as the Other. Swedish gender-equality is heavily emphasized and we see how, in relation to this, the immigrant is constructed as unmodern, bound by tradition and unequal. Particularly immigrant women are produced as passive objects rather than active subjects, in need of special women’s activities and lacking as parents in comparison with the Swedish ideal.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    White melancholia and swedish whiteness: the mourning of the loss of 'old sweden' and the passing of 'good sweden'2012Inngår i: On whiteness / [ed] Nicky Falkof; Oliver Cashman-Brown, Brill Academic Publishers, 2012, s. 359-368Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After the recent election in Sweden in 2010, the racist party the Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna) has entered the national parliament. The post-election discussions as well as the academic analyses tend to explain this new presence of a racist party in the Swedish parliament as a reflection of a feeling of dissatisfaction among certain voter segments without taking into account any analysis of issues of race and whiteness. At the same time, an explosive eruption of official antiracism has taken place among the elites and within the Swedish establishment. This chapter argues that Sweden is at the moment subjected to the double-binding power of Swedish whiteness in the sense that the passing of ‘old Sweden’, that is Sweden as a homogeneous society, and of ‘good Sweden,’ that is Sweden as a progressive society, are both perceived to be threatened by the presence of non-white migrants and their descendants. In the end according to this critical race and whiteness studies analysis of the state of contemporary Sweden, both the reactionary and racist camp and the progressive and antiracist camp are mourning the crisis of this double-edged Swedish whiteness. This chapter offers an analysis of how white privileges can be maintained in a country like Sweden, in which progressive social policies, gender equality and official antiracism are otherwise hegemonic.

  • 38.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Displaced persons as symbols of grievance: collective identity, individual rights, and durable solutions2019Inngår i: Refugees' roles in resolving displacement and building peace: beyond beneficiaries / [ed] Megan Bradley, James Milner, Blair Peruniak, Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2019, s. 132-149Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hit, men inte länge: den internationella flyktingregimen och andra sätt att hantera ofrivillig migration2016Inngår i: Krig fred: RJ:s årsbok 2016/2017 / [ed] Jenny Björkman; Arne Jarrik, Göteborg; Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2016, s. 39-53Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Johansson, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Interaktiva medier och lärande (IML).
    Mobbning, en jämförelse mellan två skolor med olika etniska bakgrunder: hur eleverna uppfattar det2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min studie är att undersöka om det finns skillnader hur elever i skolor med olika etniska sammansättningar ser på skolmobbning samt hur dessa elever uppfattar hur skolmobbningen hanteras av de vuxna på skolan. Den ena skolan har störst andel elever med svensk bakgrund och den andra har flest elever med invandrarbakgrund och många olika etniciteter.

    Undersökningen är utförd genom en enkätundersökning med slutna och öppna frågor.

    Resultatet visar att det finns en skillnad mellan de olika skolorna. I den skolan som har få etniciteter är mobbningen mer av psykologisk karaktär medan det på den andra skolan förekommer mer fysik mobbning.

    Den ”svenska” skolan tror att olika etniciteter kan vara en grund för mobbning.

    Den andra skolan med många etniciteter har fler elever som är eller har varit mobbade.

    Det visar sig vara en skillnad på vilka som upptäcker mobbning. I den skolan med stor etnicitet är det kompisarna som oftast stoppar mobbningen och i den andra är det lärare.

    Slutligen anser båda skolorna att lärarna borde börja se och höra för att märka mobbningen som för eleverna är uppenbar.

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 41.
    Kadhim, Abdul
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Flyktingmottagning och flyktingars integration: exemplet Umeå kommun och mottagna flyktingar 19941996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Flyktingmottagning och flyktingars integration: exemplet Umeå kommun och mottagna flyktingar 1994
  • 42.
    Kadhim, Abdul
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Kommunal flyktingmottagning: individuella introduktionsplaner mellan idé och verklighet1994Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Kommunal flyktingmottagning: individuella introduktionsplaner mellan idé och verklighet
  • 43.
    Kadhim, Abdul
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Kommunalt flyktingmottagande i förändring: utvecklingstendenser inom kommunal flyktingverksamhet, integrationspolitik och tillämpad invandrarpolitik1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
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    Kommunalt flyktingmottagande i förändring: utvecklingstendenser inom kommunal flyktingverksamhet, integrationspolitik och tillämpad invandrarpolitik
  • 44.
    Khairova, Nina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap. National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
    Rizun, Nina
    Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Alexopoulos, Charalampos
    University of the Aegean, Athens, Greece.
    Ciesielska, Magdalena
    Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Lukashevskyi, Arsenii
    National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
    Redozub, Ivan
    National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
    Understanding the Ukrainian migrants challenges in the EU: a topic modeling approach2024Inngår i: dg.o '24: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research / [ed] Hsin-Chung Liao; David Duenas Cid; Marie Anne Macadar; Flavia Bernardini, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2024, s. 196-205Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Confronted with the aggression against Ukraine in 2022, Europe faces one of the most important humanitarian challenges - the migration of war refugees from Ukraine, most of them women with children and the elderly. Both international institutions such as the European Union and the United Nations, but also national governments and, above all, local governments, which are the main providers of services and resources for refugees, are taking a number of measures to meet the needs. The extraordinary nature and extensive humanitarian needs pose exceptional challenges for both governments and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) as well as civil society. The European countries adopted distinct reception procedures to accommodate war refugees in their territories. The purpose of this paper is to examine the challenges of war refugees from Ukraine and gain an understanding of how they vary across selected European countries. Using a text analytics approach such as BERTopic topic modeling, we analyzed text messages published on Telegram channels from February 2022 to September 2023, revealing 12 challenges facing Ukrainian migrants. Furthermore, our study delves into these challenges distribution across 6 major European countries with significant migrant populations, providing insights into regional differences. Additionally, temporal changes in 8 narrative themes in discussions of Ukrainian migration, extracted from official government websites, were examined. Together, this research contributes (1) to demonstrating how analytics-driven methodology can potentially be used to extract in-depth knowledge from textual data freely available on social media; and (2) to a deeper understanding of the various issues affecting the adaptation of Ukrainian migrants in European countries. The study also provides recommendations to improve programs and policies to better support the successful integration of Ukrainian migrants in host countries.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Kristoffersson, Emelie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    "I have to do twice as well" – managing everyday racism in a Swedish medical school2022Inngår i: BMC Medical Education, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 22, nr 1, artikkel-id 235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mounting evidence suggests that medical students from cultural/ethnic minority backgrounds face recurring and more or less subtle racist oppression, i.e., everyday racism. Insights into how they handle these inequalities, though, are scarce – especially in a Swedish context. In this interview study we therefore explored and analyzed the strategies used by racialized minority medical students to manage episodes of everyday racism – and their underlying motives and considerations.

    Methods: Individual interviews were carried out with 15 medical students (8 women, 7 men) who self-identified as having ethnic- or cultural minority backgrounds. Inspired by constructivist grounded theory, data were collected and analyzed simultaneously.

    Results: Participants strove to retain their sense of self as active students and professional future physicians – as opposed to passive and problematic ‘Others’. Based on this endeavor, they tried to manage the threat of constraining stereotypes and exclusion. Due to the power relations in medical education and clinical placement settings as well as racialized students’ experience of lacking both credibility and support from bystanders, few dared to speak up or report negative treatment. Instead, they sought to avoid racism by withdrawing socially and seeking safe spaces. Or, they attempted to adopt a professional persona that was resistant to racial slights. Lastly, they tried to demonstrate their capability or conform to the majority culture, in attempts to refute stereotypes.

    Conclusions: Racism is not caused by the exposed individuals’ own ways of being or acting. Therefore, behavioral changes on the part of minority students will not relieve them from discrimination. Rather, strategies such as adaptation and avoidance run the risk of re-inscribing the white majority as the norm for a medical student. However, as long as racialized minority students stand alone it is difficult for them to act in any other way. To dismantle racism in medical education, this study indicates that anti-racist policies and routines for handling discrimination are insufficient. School management should also acknowledge racially minoritized students’ experiences and insights about racist practices, provide students and supervisors with a structural account of racism, as well as organize training in possible ways to act as a bystander to support victims of racism, and create a safer working environment for all.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Kuns, Brian
    et al.
    Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fischer, Klara
    Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Olofsson, Irma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Ovaska, Ulla
    Bioeconomy and Environment Unit, Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), Helsinki Finland, Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), Helsinki, Finland.
    Refslund, Bjarke
    Department of Sociology and Social Work, Aalborg University, Aalborg Ø, Denmark.
    Fredrik Rye, Johan
    Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dragvoll, Norway.
    Vihinen, Hilkka
    Bioeconomy and Environment Unit, Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), Helsinki Finland, Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), Helsinki, Finland.
    From panic to business as usual: what coronavirus has revealed about migrant labour, agri-food systems and industrial relations in the Nordic countries2023Inngår i: Sociologia Ruralis, ISSN 0038-0199, E-ISSN 1467-9523, Vol. 63, nr 4, s. 907-927Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on migrant labour in Nordic agriculture, wild berry picking and food processing. The starting point is the fear of a food crisis at the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic (2020) because of the absence of migrant workers. The question was raised early in the pandemic if food systems in the Global North are vulnerable due to dependence on precarious migrant workers. In the light of this question, we assess the reactions of farmers and different actors in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden to what looked like an unfolding food crisis. In many ways, the reactions in the Nordic countries were similar to each other, and to broader reactions in the Global North, and we follow these reactions as they relate to migrant workers from an initial panic to a return to business as usual despite the continuation of the pandemic. In the end, 2020 proved to be an excellent year for Nordic food production in part because migrant workers were able to come. We discuss reasons why the Nordic countries did not face disruptions during the pandemic, map out patterns of labour precarity and segmentation for migrant labour in agriculture and food production in the Nordic countries and propose questions for further research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Lundberg, Hans
    et al.
    Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship, School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Dana, Leo Paul
    Montpellier Business School.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Social Enterprising for Immigrant Inclusion: An Organizing Context2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Lögdberg, Ulrika
    et al.
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention of Mental Ill-Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Eva-Carin
    School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Social, spatial and material conditions for mattering: newly arrived young migrants’ possibilities to matter in everyday life in a Swedish school2024Inngår i: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 32, nr 3, s. 296-312Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mattering as a central part of well-being has not been studied in the context of newly arrived young migrants in Swedish schools. Neither have studies on mattering included material and spatial conditions. This article draws on data collected from ethnographic fieldwork to address this. The theoretical contribution is based on the combination of the concept of mattering with Ahmed's feminist and postcolonial theory of orientation and a critical view of lived experience as social and bodily orientation devices. Combining these theoretical frameworks, we explore social, spatial and material conditions for mattering in newly arrived youths' everyday school lives. The overall outcome of our analysis illustrates that mattering is not only a question of social relations but also related to spatial and material dimensions. A conclusion is that Swedishness as an unspoken norm of whiteness is ‘built into the walls’ of Swedish schools and that (in)directly discriminates newly arrived young migrants.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Time and space in international migration2020Inngår i: International migration, immobility and development: multidisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Tomas Hammar, Grete Brochmann, Kristof Tamas, Thomas Faist, Routledge, 2020, s. 21-48Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 50.
    Marcińczak, Szymon
    et al.
    Institute of Urban Geography and Tourism Studies, University of Łódź, Łódzkie, Poland; Department of Geography, Centre for Migration and Urban Studies, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia; Department of Geography, Environmental Management and Energy Studies, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Mooses, Veronika
    Department of Geography, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    Department of Geography, Centre for Migration and Urban Studies, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    A comparative study of immigrant-native segregation at multiple spatial scales in urban Europe2023Inngår i: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 49, nr 1, s. 43-65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a strong degree of interest over the last 30 years towards immigrant segregation in Europe. This paper aims to contribute towards the existing body of research by extending the multi-scalar analysis of patterns of immigrant residential segregation into a coherent international comparative study of cities of different sizes. We investigate the patterns of immigrant-native segregation at different geographical scales, along with their correlates, in more than a hundred cities in 2011 across Germany, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Our findings suggest that cities in the UK are the most highly segregated in Europe. The positions of the other countries in the ‘European segregation ranking’ depend upon the considered immigrant group and spatial scale. The national context is consistently the most important factor in understanding segregation at multiple spatial scales. However, even while taking into account the national contexts, the structural-ecological factors remain important predictors of segregation patterns in Europe.

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