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  • 1.
    Andersson-Skog, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    De osynliga användarna: telefonen och vardagslivet 1880-19951998In: Den konstruerade världen: tekniska system i historiskt perspektiv / [ed] Kaijser, Arne & Blomqvist, Pär, Eslöv: B. Östlings bokförl. Symposion , 1998, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Asaro, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Heinz von Foerster and the Bio-Computing Movements of the 1960s2007In: An Unfinished Revolution?: Heinz von Foerster and the Biological Computer Laboratory 1958-1976 / [ed] Albert Müller, Karl H. Müller, Edition Echoraum , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från föhn till feu!: Esrange och den norrländska rymdverksamhetens tillkomsthistoria från sekelskiftet 1900 till 19662010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the origin, planning and establishment of the European Space Research Organisation's (ESRO) sounding rocket base Esrange outside Kiruna in Northern Sweden. Three main questions are examined. First I show there were not just scientific and technical but also political, economical as well as military reasons to build a European rocket base. Second, I scrutinize the reasons to choose Northern Sweden as the location for the rocket base. As it turns out, the main reasons were the favourable location of Northern Sweden within the aurora oval zone, the proximity of the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory, and the possibility to use a large, although not quite uninhabited, area where the launched rockets could crash. Finally, I examine the difficulty of talking about boundaries of various kinds, such as temporal, spatial and functional. The essay also provides a discussion on possible ways to continue research on this topic.

  • 4.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Making Place for Space: a History of 'Space Town' Kiruna 1943-20002015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Science and technology have a tendency to clump together in places where they spawn other forms of societal activities. Sometimes these places become famous through processes known as place-making, or the social construction of place. Because the scientific and technological activities affect the places, and the places conversely affect the science and technology, it is relevant to study how and why these connections emerge.

    This dissertation examines the particular case of the northern Swedish town of Kiruna, which has become known for being a `space town' because of its scientific, technological, and other activities that relate to the near space around the earth. The overall objective is to analyse the processes underlying the making of Kiruna as a space town in the period 1943--2000.

    Five parts make up the study. First is an examination of how the development of space physics research in Kiruna led to the setting up of a scientific observatory. The second part studies how the Swedish participation in the European Space Research Organisationmade Kiruna the place for a rocket base. Next follows an analysis of how local business efforts contributed to forming a new satellite technology business and the Space House office building. The fourth part concerns how the visions to establish a space `university' eventually led to the emergence of the Space Campus. Last is an epilogue that briefly analyses the space tourism efforts in Kiruna.

    A central finding is that the space town has emerged as the result of entwined processes where, on the one hand, ideas about the near space around the earth have led to new activities and physical structures, and, on the other hand, these new activities and built structures conversely have inspired to new ideas. Of importance is also the geographical place where these developments have occurred. Here, a reoccurring argument to placing the activities and structures in Kiruna was the town's geographically favourable location for specific scientific and technological activities.

    Another finding is that the development has gradually led to the emergence of a kind of identity or notion of Kiruna as a particular place for space activities. Although this form of place-making has occurred largely through spontaneous processes, it was also the result of intentional efforts.

    Together, these different place-making processes have formed the `space town' of Kiruna.

  • 5.
    Chapman, Adam
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Centre for gender studies, University of Oslo.
    Westin, Jonathan
    What is historical game studies?2017In: Rethinking history, ISSN 1364-2529, E-ISSN 1470-1154, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 358-371Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Christer, Nordlund
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Full gas mot en (o)hållbar framtid2012In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 244-251Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Dennis, Richard
    et al.
    University College London.
    López Galviz, Carlos
    School of Advanced Study.
    Merrill, Samuel
    University College London.
    Introduction: 150 Years of the London Underground2013In: London Journal, ISSN 0305-8034, E-ISSN 1749-6322, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 175-176Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lång, Henrik
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Motorspriten kommer!: en historia om etanol och andra alternativa drivmedel2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Motorspriten kommer! löd budskapet i början av 1900-talet. Liknande utfästelser om alternativa drivmedel har gång på gång hörts genom historien. Men de oljebaserade bränslena har behållit sitt grepp om transportsystemet, trots att de alltid ansetts problematiska. Varför?

    Den här boken handlar om olika försök att utveckla och förverkliga alternativ till oljebaserade drivmedel i Sverige. Den spänner över ett drygt sekel, från slutet av 1800-talet och framåt, och behandlar bland annat sulfitsprit, syntetisk bensin, gengas, metanol och den första och andra generationens etanol. I fokus står motiven bakom dessa alternativ varför de har ansetts angelägna och önskvärda liksom de problem och strukturella hinder som de har mött och alltjämt fortsätter att möta. Boken ger historiska och medievetenskapliga perspektiv på de pågående försöken till en omställning på drivmedelsområdet och bidrar till kunskap av värde för såväl beslutsfattare som allmänhet.

    Boken bygger på forskning som utfördes inom det tvärvetenskapliga projektet Framtidens drivmedel? Biobränslen i historisk och kulturell belysning. Den är skriven av samtliga forskare i projektet Annika Egan Sjölander, Helena Ekerholm, Jenny Eklöf, Erland Mårald, Christer Nordlund och Bosse Sundin i samarbete med Henrik Lång.

  • 9.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Bränsle för den moderna nationen: Etanol och gengas i Sverige under mellankrigstiden och andra världskriget2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigate Swedish policy-making concerning promotion of wood gas and ethanol distilled from fermented sulphite lye as domestic fuel alternatives in the Interwar years and World War II. With a departure point in the theories of social constructions of technology (SCOT), the sociology of expectations and Thomas P. Hughe’s socio-technical systems I analyse the measures that were undertaken in these efforts, the arguments put forward for and against the ethanol and wood gas projects and how the efforts turned out. I also investigate how the interpretations of ethanol and wood gas as fuel alternatives changed from the Interwar period on through World War II and what consequences this had for ethanol and wood gas policy immediately after World War II. Source material includes Parliament and Government records, cabinet meeting files, governmental commissions, authority archives, technical evaluations and handbooks and scientific medical publications.

    Ethanol and wood gas were promoted from a nationalist vantage point. The Interwar debate was imbued with visions of national techno-scientific prowess in a perceived ongoing global contest for technological and scientific advancement, of which achieving autarky, self-sufficiency on important raw materials and industrial products, was an ideal for some. Ethanol and wood gas were also promoted as means for creating a lucrative new market for the forestry industry, which also held a prominent position in nationalist visions of technology. Expectations of a new war also motivated the promotion of ethanol and wood gas as national fuels. Measures for promotion included tax exemptions, sales guarantees and legislation for mandatory ethanol purchase for all petrol importing companies and gasifier loan funds. Political conflicts mainly centred around the principles of free trade as opposed to protectionism, proper use of tax funds and whether the potentials of the fuel alternatives were rhetorically exaggerated. During World War II ethanol and wood gas in particular served as important petrol surrogates. The increased wood gas use led to negative interpretations of wood gas a fuel alternative due to its hazardous, dirty and time-consuming maintenance and the changed driving behaviour it required from its users compared to petrol or ethanol fuelled automobiles. Compared to wood gas, ethanol was appreciated for its socio-technical similarities to petrol, but production was after the war deemed difficult to maintain during wartime. Whereas wood gas remained an important stand-by surrogate during the cold war, Swedish politicians lost interest in ethanol of the kind that was promoted in the Interwar years. 

  • 10.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Cultural meanings of wood gas as automobile fuel in Sweden 1930-19452012In: Past and present energy societies: How energy connects politics, technologies and cultures / [ed] Nina Möllers & Karin Zachmann, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2012, p. 223-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ett nationellt drivmedel: etanol i svensk politik 1924-19342013In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 79, no 1, p. 63-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the political efforts to establish ethanol as a national fuel in Sweden in 1924 - 1934. Drawing on official records - the transcripts of parliamentary debates, governmental commission reports, and government bills and legislation - ethanol is considered as a technological and political artefact, with a particular focus on a strongly ideological fuel policy intended to bring about technological change.

    At the time, considerable political effort went into finding and establishing a national fuel, efficient and abundant enough to support the nation's requirements for essential products. This was by no means a uniquely Swedish undertaking. Nation-states all over the industrialized world sought domestic fuel alternatives, prompted by the expected depletion of oil reserves and the fear of renewed international conflict. In that period, Swedish ethanol was distilled from fermented sulphite lye, a waste product from paper and pulp production. It was therefore presented as a lucrative solution for a waste problem, and, as it was produced within the nation-state's borders, a promising wartime surrogate. However, ethanol was more expensive than petrol, which made it less marketable during peacetime. To cover losses, the ethanol industry requested state support in the form of tax exemptions and legislation to force petrol importers to blend ethanol into all marketed petrol.

    Those who argued in favour of the ethanol industry's requests were mainly right-wing politicians, who based their arguments on a nationalist ideology that national collective benefit justified state intervention in the free market. Opposition was mainly mounted by a faction in the Social Democrat party. For them, any measure that made products more expensive for consumers was unthinkable. They also argued that the ethanol industry had reached the end of the line; any production without the means and capacity to support itself should make way for its competitors. Concerns about the anticipated international conflict, however, led the Social Democrat minister for finance, Ernst Wigforss, to concede to the demands of the ethanol industry. In 1934, he thus proposed legislation that largely corresponded to claims made by right-wing politicians and the influential forestry industry, of which ethanol production was a part.

  • 12.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Promoting ethanol in the shadow of oil dependence: 100 years of arguments and frictions in Swedish politics2012In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 621-645Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On a political level, Swedish transport ethanol has always been embedded in visions of an alternative, brighter future. Arguments in support of ethanol have been reiterated throughout the 20th and 21st century, exhibiting a striking stability over time. At the same time, the contexts in which arguments for ethanol have been raised have undergone dramatic shifts. This article investigates the historical contingencies of three empirical cases, covering the interwar years, the aftermath of the oil crises of the 1970s and the 21st century's concerns over global warming. It concludes with the observation that despite political convictions about ethanol's commercial, military and environmental potential, domestic production has not managed to take off on its own. It has relied on state support such as tax exemptions, it has been dependent on other industries for feedstock provision and its technical superiority is still waiting for market confirmation.

  • 13.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    The digital aesthetic in 'Atlantis: the evidence' (2010)2018In: Ancient Greece on British television / [ed] Fiona Hobden and Amanda Wringley, Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 2018, p. 187-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
    The full text will be freely available from 2021-05-31 11:09
  • 14.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Pufendorf Institute, Lund University, Sweden.
    Misharina, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Beyond humanities qua digital: Spatial and material development for digital research infrastructures2018In: Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, ISSN 2055-7671, E-ISSN 2055-768X, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 264-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities around the world have increasingly turned to digital infrastructures as a way to revamp the arts and humanities. This article contributes a fresh understanding by examining the material development of HumlabX, a research laboratory for digital humanities at Umeå University, Sweden. Specifically, we approach the empirical case as a timeline of research funding, projects, events, and deliverables to examine how the research laboratory as an organizational and material space developed and evolved in relation to new technology investments. Based on our analysis, we argue that while digital research infrastructures can, indeed, stimulate innovation in and around research, aimed to produce new knowledge, digital technologies carry social and material implications that affect organizational processes. We show that while knowledge production processes at HumlabX were highly influenced by the infrastructural legacy of the past, they indeed directed scholars toward innovation. By discussing these implications in detail, we move beyond the debate of humanities qua digital, and demonstrate the need for scholars of digital humanities to engage in the development of policies for digital research infrastructures. Using a Swedish case study, we argue that research laboratories for the digital humanities must be scrutinized and should be fully exposed as socio-material organizations that develop, and should develop, over time. In particular, we stress the need to ensure that digital humanities laboratories are sustainable and open for redevelopment.

  • 15.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Participatory Media throughout History2012In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 83-87Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Visualisering som verktyg och metod för historieforskning2017In: Digital humaniora: humaniora i en digital tid / [ed] Per Olov Erixon & Julia Pennlert, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, p. 147-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Hansson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Träffsäkerhet är inte allt: när svenska armén väljer revolver2013In: Krutkorn, no 4, p. 4p. 9-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Hultman, Martin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Energizing Technology: Expectations of Fuel Cells and the Hydrogen Economy, 1990–20052013In: History & Technology, ISSN 0734-1512, E-ISSN 1477-2620, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 33-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although fuel cells have been considered promising technology since the nineteenth century, fresh expectations – expressed by engineers, company leaders, politicians and journalists – began to flourish in the 1990s later on associated with the vision of a ‘hydrogen economy.’ Inspired by research in the history and sociology of expectations, the present paper analyzes this recent history of global fuel cells and hydrogen potentials as played out in the USA, EU, and especially Sweden. It is demonstrated that automotive shows, the mass media, and forecast projects were significant arenas in promoting and circulating the idea that fuel cells represented energy efficient and clean technology that almost by necessity would be utilized in the ‘vehicles of the future.’ This paper also highlights the framing of water both as a potential source of energy and as a symbolic purifying bath that would restore an environmentally friendly society, interpreted as an ecomodern utopia.

  • 19.
    Johansson, Evelina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Om- tillbyggnationer samt renoveringar av Sankt Larskyrkan i Linköping2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Johansson, Evelina. 2018. Om- och tillbyggnationer samt renoveringar av Sankt Larskyrkan i Linköping

     

    Johansson, Evelina. 2018. Reconstructions, extensions and renovations of St Lars Church in Linköping

     

     

    St Lars Church is a white stone church located in central Linköping. In this thesis I will cover the processes behind the two most recent renovations of St Lars Church. The earlier of the two renovations was carried out in the 1950’s. The main purpose of this renovation was to literally prevent a total collapse of the church structure. Adding modern technology to the church was a priority at the most recent renovation in 2016, mainly in order to create an atmosphere which would make everyone feel welcome. I will also cover the media attention that these renovations attracted.

     

    The material used in this thesis includes available literature, archive material, and interviews of key individuals from the most recent renovation. I have also visited the church to study the most recent renovation and gain insight into the excavations that were part of the process.

     

    Historical records only describe the larger scaled renovations. This has led to a greater subjective valuation put into the decisions and discussions put forth during these processes. Individuals part of the historical renovations have consciously, or sub-consciously, been influenced by preceding historical ideas. Studying a historical period of time in the context of current influences lies at the hearth of the history of ideas, all the while understanding that absolute truths will never be discovered.

  • 20.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Christinee L. Borgman, Scholarship in the Digital Age2009In: Biblioteksbladet, ISSN 0006-1867, Vol. 94, no 1, p. 30-30Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Jörgensen, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Neutrality and national preparedness: State-led agricultural rationalizations in cold war Sweden2010In: Science for welfare amd warfare: Technology and state initiative in cold war Sweden / [ed] Per Lundin, Niklas Stenlås and Johan Gribbe, Sagamore Beach/USA: Science History Publications , 2010, First, p. 173-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Annotated Landscapes: Transforming Location Awareness Through Digital Personal Navigation2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Build-it-yourself to pre-built: salvage practices in Norwegian leisure cabin construction2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Cabin Porn for Digital Humanists2013In: Infrastructure, Space and Media: A Book from the Media Places Symposium in Umeå December 5-7, 2012, Peter Wallenberg Foundation , 2013, p. 53-54Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Consumers, convenience, and citizenship: Scandinavian packaging recycling in the 20th century2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den første hyttekrisa: samfunnsplanlegging, naturbilder og allmenningens tragedie2011In: Norske hytter i endring: om bærekraft og behag / [ed] Helen Jøsok Gansmo, Thomas Berker och Finn Arne Jørgensen, Trondheim: Tapir Universitetsforlag , 2011, p. 37-51Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Designing a Hole in the Wall: The Reverse Vending Machine as Socio-Technical System and Environmental Infrastructure2012In: Scandinavian Design: Alternative Histories / [ed] Kjetil Fallan, Berg Publishers, 2012, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fifty Shades of Green2013Other (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hunting in a digital landscape: Scandinavian hunters and the history of the GPS2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how hunters have integrated digital mapping and GPS units in their hunting practices. The act of navigating a landscape, of being able to place yourself, your quarry, your fellow hunters, and your dogs in a mental representation of the world around you has long been a critical skill for hunters, one that requires use of all the senses. This way of interacting with nature has been a key element in narratives about hunting. In the last decade, however, digital and geolocative technologies have become far more common in hunting, enabling hunters to see their exact location, as well as their dogs, on a handheld GPS unit. Taking as its starting point how Scandinavian hunters have a long tradition of actively reflecting on their own practices, the paper will examine what kinds of discussions the hunters had surrounding the introduction of GPS tracking and other communication technologies, as well as how they have been implemented in the field.

    The paper acknowledges that hunting practices deeply embedded in larger structures and traditions, such as the allotment of hunting rights, and of historical transitions from hunting as a sustenance strategy to a leisure activity. The paper will discuss what influence geolocative technologies have had on the relationship between local and non-local (urban or international) hunters and how they have changed the dynamics and landscape use of hunting. While it can be argued that Swedish hunters generally hunt in local areas that they know rather well, it could also be that they enable hunters to navigate new and to them unknown landscapes. Hunters may also interact with nature, each other, and their hunting equipment such as dogs in novel ways with GPS.

    The talk will deepen the study of technology in hunting through analyzing the circulating relationship between one particular set of digital technologies and the knowledge and practice of hunting. In general, histories of hunting tend to pay much attention to weapons and their development from the dawn of time until present, but spends far less time on exploring the role of the other technologies. The general descriptions of technology to a large degree align with what historians of technology classify as internalistc studies of technology; chronological stories of changes in technical details with little regard for the interaction between technology, culture, and society at large. 

  • 30.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Internet of Things2016In: A new companion to digital humanities / [ed] Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth, Wiley-Blackwell, 2016, p. 42-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Making a green machine: the infrastructure of beverage container recycling2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consider an empty bottle or can, one of the hundreds of billions of beverage containers that are discarded worldwide every year. Empty containers have been at the center of intense political controversies, technological innovation processes, and the modern environmental movement. Making a Green Machine examines the development of the Scandinavian beverage container deposit-refund system, which has the highest return rates in the world, from 1970 to present. Finn Arne Jørgensen investigates the challenges the system faced when exported internationally and explores the critical role of technological infrastructures and consumer convenience in modern recycling. His comparative framework charts the complex network of business and political actors involved in the development of the reverse vending machine (RVM) and bottle deposit legislation to better understand the different historical trajectories empty beverage containers have taken across markets, including the U.S. The RVM has served as more than a hole in the wall - it began simply as a tool for grocers who had to handle empty refillable glass bottles, but has become a green machine to redeem the empty beverage container, helping both business and consumers participate in environmental actions.

  • 32.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Night at the cabin: electricity and the experience of darkness in Norwegian leisure cabins, 1950 – 20002011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The leisure cabin is a deeply entrenched structure in Norwegian nature and culture. Close to half a million cabins dot the countryside in a nation of less than five million inhabitants. The cabin lifestyle is also rooted in history and tradition, in an idea of escaping from the stress of urban life to relax and “recharge one’s batteries” in nature. While this sounds anti-modern, cabin owners have eagerly adopted modern comfort technologies in order to make cabin living more convenient.

     

    This paper will explore the historical changes in the experience of night at the cabin, particularly focusing on the tensions between “artificial” electric light and “natural” darkness. Pitch-black nights, natural sounds, and starry night skies are important elements in the national mythology of authentic cabin living, yet these natural experiences has all but disappeared for a majority of cabin owners today. In many cabin developments, the light and noise pollution from electrical devices have more in common with suburbia than with the mythical isolated cabin in the remote wilderness.

     

    The question of electrical light thus leads us to consider Norwegians’ attitude toward nature and how it has changed since the early 1950s. This development reminds us how cabins and urban homes, and nature and culture are tightly connected.

  • 33.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Screens as windows to nature: the digital humanities meet the environmental humanities2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our ideas and experiences of nature have become entangled with digital media in interesting and sometimes unexpected ways over the last few decades. Using Google Street View’s digital, screen-based mediation of Grand Canyon as a starting point, I will discuss where the tools, methods, and research agendas of the digital humanities and the environmental humanities meet. Both of these interdisciplinary fields are in rapid growth and are often invoked in discussions about the relevance and future of the humanities. What can we find of value where the two fields meet?

  • 34.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Space, place, and mobility in museums2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Technologically Mediated Landscapes and the Digital Panoramic: Revisiting Wolfgang Schivelbusch’s Railway Journey in the Digital Age2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Armchair Traveler’s Guide to Digital Environmental Humanities2014In: Environmental Humanities, ISSN 2201-1919, Vol. 4, p. 95-1112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The technological mediation of near and distant landscapes have long fascinated scholars and the public alike, and it seems like this interest peaks around times of large-scale technological transition, when new modes of both transportation and mediation become available. Few scholars have analyzed this relationship between technology, media, and the perception of landscape as convincingly as Wolfgang Schivelbusch, who famously argued that the landscape perceived by travelers was filtered through the machine ensemble of the railroad system. This article brings Schivelbusch’s thesis into the digital age as a way of examining the spatiality of digital media and the natural world. The article analyzes a series of technologically mediated digital representations of travel and movement through landscapes, in particular the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation’s “slow travel” series of digitally enhanced TV programs. These highly popular mediations of railroad or boat travel challenge Schivelbusch’s ideas of speed, distance, and experience of landscapes, but also direct our attention towards the role of digital media in making sense of a changing world.

  • 37.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Backbone of Everyday Environmentalism: Cultural Scripting and Technological Systems2013In: New Natures: Joining Environmental History with Science and Technology Studies / [ed] Dolly Jørgensen, Finn Arne Jørgensen, and Sara B. Pritchard, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2013, p. 69-86Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Great Acceleration: An Environmental History of the Anthropocene since 19452017In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 623-624Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Great Acceleration: An Environmental History of the Anthropocene since 1945 by J. R. McNeill and Peter Engelke (review)2017In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 623-624Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Infrastructure of Nature: leisure cabins and the built environment in Norway, 1850-20002011In: The Environmental Humanities: Sigtuna, Sweden 14–19 October 2011 / [ed] Steven Hartman, 2011, p. 31-32Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scandinavians like to think of themselves as being particularly close to nature. Identifying exactly what this nature is, however, is tricky. This paper historicizes the making of Norwegian nature by following the leisure cabin from 1850 until present. Cabins serve as gateways to nature for Norwegians, but have also permanently altered and influenced what we think of as natural. This paper examines how the infrastructures connecting people to cabins and to scenic landscapes have now become an integrated part of the Norwegian landscape. Large parts of Norway’s nature cannot be experienced outside of this infrastructure; at the same time, it is precisely through using this infrastructure Norwegians have come to know and appreciate nature. In conclusion, the paper will argue that sustainable environmental management should consider the history of how we have come to use and experience nature, but not look back to an idea of pristine, untouched nature for solutions.

  • 41.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Internet Is Obsessed With a Video Feed of Bears Eating Salmon2016In: The AtlanticArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Norwegian leisure cabin and the infrastructure of nature2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Using blended learning to develop a signature pedagogy for teaching history of technology2013In: Reformation, revolution, evolution: universitetslärandet ur ett tidsperspektiv / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2013, p. 51-68Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    What It Means That Urban Hipsters Like Staring at Pictures of Cabins2012In: The Atlantic, no Mars 16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    A generation of hipsters has contracted cabin fever. The Cabin Porn website has become one of these internet hits, spreading through blogs, Facebook posts, tumblr reposts, Twitter mentions, and so on. Why can't all these people stop looking at cabins? What is the allure? Put simply, Cabin Porn is visual stimulation of the urge for a simpler life in beautiful surroundings. Commenters are likening it to "channeling your inner Thoreau." Cabin Porn represents the return of the homesteader, living off the grid, self-sufficient and self-reliant.  

  • 45.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Why Look at Cabin Porn?2015In: Public culture, ISSN 0899-2363, E-ISSN 1527-8018, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 557-578Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of cabin porn—images of beautiful cabins in nature—as a visual genre reflects a growing international interest in cabins, shedworking, and rustic, exurban living off the grid, most of it romanticizing rural and low-tech lifestyles. On the surface, the digitally mediated and disembodied architecture of cabin porn seems to be a form of nostalgia, where the dream of the cabin becomes an arena for resolving an ambivalent relationship to technology and all the bothersome things of modern life. Delving deeper into the cabin porn phenomenon, however, can also reveal something about the mediated experience of nature through digital media.

  • 46.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jørgensen, DollyUmeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.Pritchard, Sara BCornell University.
    New Natures: Joining Environmental History with Science and Technology Studies2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New Natures broadens the dialogue between the disciplines of science and technology studies (STS) and environmental history in hopes of deepening and even transforming understandings of human-nature interactions. The volume presents historical studies that engage with key STS theories, offering models for how these theories can help crystallize central lessons from empirical histories, facilitate comparative analysis, and provide a language for complicated historical phenomena. Overall, the collection exemplifies the fruitfulness of cross-disciplinary thinking.

  • 47.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jørgensen, Dolores Marie
    Luleå University of Technology.
    The Anthropocene as a History of Technology: Welcome to the Anthropocene: The Earth in Our Hands, Deutsches Museum, Munich2016In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 231-237Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Kardell, Örjan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Skogsgödslingen i backspegeln: debatten om storskogsbrukets kvävegödsling i Sverige ca 1960-20092010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-1960s, fertilization (with nitrogen) had a breakthrough as a forest management method in Swedish company owned forests. The activity grew and peaked during the 1970s but then lost ground and stabilized on a low level in the 1990s and early 2000s. Over the last five years, however, interest in fertilizing Swedish forests has increased again. In this article factors that have shaped these fluctuations are explored. A specific task is to investigate to what extent the fluctuations correlate with debates on environmental issues. Furthermore, conflicting “fundamental ideas” within interest groups, representing forestry and the environmental movement respectively, are identified and analyzed. The study thus sheds some light on how the relationship between forestry and the environmental movement has evolved, from the 1960s until today.

  • 49. Knoespel, Kenneth J.
    Sweden and the Transformation of Northern Historiography2014In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 103-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Viewed from the Mediterranean South, the North was associated from the earliest ages with a darkness linked with strange languages, distance, alien cultural behavior, and just plain bad weather. This darkness—or the fog and mist if we use the early description of Marco Polo—was not ignored but itself became a screen upon which the South could project an ever-growing list of fantasies. While Swedish figures such as Olof Rudbeck made elaborate national projections about the role of the North in civilization, Carl von Linné and others succeeded in translating fantasies of political empire into kingdoms of knowledge. Drawing on Swedish historiography and the history of technology, this essay poses questions about the ways Sweden’s often invisible presence continues to shape the formulation of knowledge.

  • 50.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kardell, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Intensive Forestry as Progress or Decay?: An Analysis of the Debate about Forest Fertilization in Sweden, 1960–20102011In: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 112-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-1960s, fertilization (with nitrogen) had a breakthrough as a promising forest management method in Swedish company owned forests. The activity grew and peaked during the 1970s but then lost ground and stabilized at a low level in the 1990s and early 2000s. Over the last five years, however, interest in fertilizing Swedish forests has increased again. In this article both the forestry industry’s, and the environmental movement’s, attitudes toward forest fertilization over time are investigated. Furthermore, conflicting persistent ideas about nature and future, i.e., “figures of thought”, within interest groups, representing forestry and the environmental movement respectively, are identified and analyzed in relation to the debate on fertilization. The analysis reveals mainly three figures of thought that have influenced this debate during the period, “the idea of progress”, “the idea of decay” and “the idea of the great chain of being”. The study thus sheds light on how the relationship between forestry and the environmental movement has evolved from the 1960s until today and uncovers thought patterns that have stood, and continue to stand, in opposition to one another.

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