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  • 1. Adcock, Tina
    et al.
    Roberts, Peder
    Nations, Natures, and Networks: The New Environments of Northern Studies2015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 1, 7-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Jarstad, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Karlsson, Christer
    Widmalm, Sten
    Projektsamhället och hoten mot akademin2016In: Det hotade universitetet / [ed] Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg, Li Bennich-Björkman, Jörgen Hermansson, Anna Jarstad, Christer Karlsson och Sten Widmalm, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016, 9-26 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Alm, Erika
    Institutionen för idéhistoria och vetenskapsteori, Göteborgs universitet.
    ”Ett emballage för inälvor och emotioner”: föreställningar om kroppen i statliga utredningar från 1960- och 1970-talen2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation focuses on the polyphonic body politics of modern society, as activated in three Swedish Government Official Reports from the 1960s and 1970s. The analysis takes as its point of departure the assumptions about embodiment and identity uncovered in these reports. I argue that the reports – which concern the establishment of juridical sex, the right to abortion, and sterilization – all deal with the question of the individual’s right to decide on issues relating to his or her own body. The commissioners themselves claim that their proposals are formulated in the name of individual rights; and that they are progressive and modern. Although the importance to uphold the individual’s right to autonomy is thus emphasized, there are other values that need to be accounted for. The individual’s sovereignty in these matters is per definition a question open for discussion, and it actualizes a conflict of interest between the individual on one hand and the state or the public interest on the other, or between the individual and professional experts. Who is to decide in matters of the body? What assumptions are made in relation to sex, gender and desire? In addition to the historical approach – the attempt to reconstruct the discourses on sex, gender, and desire, individual autonomy and public interest, generated in the mentioned reports – I initiate a theoretical line of inquiry that draws from the conviction that we need to seek new ways to approach the body; ways that challenge dichotomies that are taken for granted, such as the distinction between body and mind, inner and outer, biological and social, nature and nurture etc. Focusing on Judith Butler’s reformulation of Aristotle’s concepts form and matter into the dynamic concept of materialization, I argue that the concept form has analytic qualities that make it especially useful when analyzing discourses of the body.

     

  • 4.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Begär eller hushållning: Om behovets historia2001In: Förbjudna njutningar: Spår från konsumtionskulturens historia i Sverige / [ed] Peder Aléx & Johan Söderberg, Stockholm: Podium , 2001, 37-69 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    De osynliga intellektuella: Exemplet Gertrud Bergström1995In: Obemärkta: Det dagliga livets idéhistoria / [ed] Ronny Ambjörnsson och Sverker Sörlin, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1995, 199-224 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den rationella konsumenten: KF som folkuppfostrare 1899-19391994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the consumer co-operative in Sweden, specifically The Co-operative Union and Wholesale Society and the ideas that were developed within and disseminated by this organization between the years 1899 and 1939. The main theories used in the dissertation are Max Weber’s ideal-type and Norbert Elias’ civilization process.

    Initially, the dissertation describes the roots of the co-operative movement in Sweden and subsequently, the informal program and the organization of The Co-operative Union, formed in 1899.

    From the very beginning the co-operative union fiercly attacked consumer credit. The consumer (it was often a women that was implied) would learn how to control impulses and passions and never allow her instincts to influence a decision when making a purchase. Here, the co-operative connected with economic theories that put consumption above production. Through the co-operative, every authentic need could be met through the supply of real goods. Certain products, false and/or bad, were to be avoided. The consumer should continuously debate good taste, i.e. simple, practical and beautiful goods, which answered genuine needs in society. Through debate and discussion in the public arena, insight would be gained into utility and correct aesthetics. The discussion about “natural needs” included campaigns for nutritious food and functional shops and houses. Beside this campaign in study circle activities and co-operative newspapers, the mind of the reader.

    Study circles and newspaper articles directed a challenge to the woman to not only be “the woman with the basket” but also to be more efficient, i.e. planning her time in a spirit of Taylorism. This demanded both discipline and rationality in order to avoid credit, but also calmness, peace of mind and responsibility for more than just oneself. In the late 1930s she was supposed to be economist, nutrition expert, cook, cleaner, psychologist and child-raiser, all at the same time. All these were seen as factors that were a part of being a rational consumer.

  • 7.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från Konsumentbladet till moderna VI1993In: Presshistorisk årsbok, Stockholm: Föreningen Pressarkivets vänner , 1993, 116-132 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Gränsöverskridande samarbete: Herman Stolpe och konsumentkooperationen2008In: Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria / [ed] Bosse Sundin & Maria Göransdotter, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2008, ?- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    KF en folkrörelse med ideal2000In: Sverige 1900-talet / [ed] Stefan Westander, Susan Båge, Johan Tufvesson, Bolla dölling, Dan Jansson, Arne Järtelius, Kristin Rosenberg, Höganäs: Bra Böcker , 2000, 88-93 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Konsumera rätt - ett svensk ideal: behov, hushållning och konsumtion2003Book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Konsumera rätt: om ett svensk medborgarideal2001In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige har vi betonat vikten av att hushålla och spara. Varje samhälle har regler, som föreskriver hur vi skall bete oss som samhällsmedborgare. Men de reglerna stannar inte vid det privata hemmets dörr. Också hemmets behov har definierats enligt normer om "rätt" och "fel". Det blir alldeles tydligt om vi som här studerar svensk konsumentupplysning, skolverksamhet i hemekonomi och organisationer som KF och Svenska Slöjdföreningen. Konsumera rätt, och ha rätt behov.

  • 12.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Kooperationen som folkbildare1990In: Tiden, ISSN 0040-6759, Vol. 7, 419-427 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Kvinnan med korgen: Hemarbete och konsumentmakt1995In: Kooperativ årsbok 1996 / [ed] Aléx et al, Stockholm: Föreningen Kooperativa Studier , 1995, 55-69 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Samarbetet reser vidare2001In: Reseberättelser: Idéhistoriska resor i sociala och geografiska rum / [ed] Lena Eskilsson och Mohammad Fazlhashemi, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2001, 95-108 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Skolkökslärarinnorna och kunskapen om hemmet2002In: Sekelskiftets utmaningar: Essäer om välfärd, utbildning och nationell identitet vid sekelskiftet 1900 / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hattje, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2002, 127-156 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Spara och Slösa – svensk 1900-talskonsumtion2001In: Efter arbetet: Studier av svensk fritid / [ed] Peder Aléx och Jonny Hjelm, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2001, 120-141 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Swedish Consumer Cooperation as an Educational Endeavor1999In: Consumers against Capitalism?: Consumer Cooperation in Europé, North America and Japan, 1840-1990 / [ed] Ellen Furlough & Carl Strikwerda, Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc , 1999Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Ambjörnsson, Ronny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Platsens ande: idéer om Antarktis: idéer om Antarktis2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, 292-319 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Critical rationalism and the principle of sufficient reason2009In: Rethinking Popper, Berlin: Springer , 2009, 21-30 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    According to the principle of sufficient reason we should always try to give sufficient reasons for the truth (or high probability) of our opinions. All such attempts lead to a trilemma of justification: they force us to choose between infinite regress, logical circle, or dogmatism. According to the principle of critical testing we should always try to test our opinions critically. It is reasonable to claim that opinions that has survived critical tests are true. Such truthclaims are conjectural and do not confront us with any trilemma of justification. Scientific theories can be tested through observations and experiments. Statements about observations and experiments can be tested by experience. Although Critical Rationalism is a philosophical position, it can also be critically discussed. If we follow the principle of critical testing, no trilemma of justification arises when we claim that it is reasonable to accept Critical Rationalism. This opens the way for a critical philosophy stressing the fallibility of human knowledge.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Bertha Wellin, Folke Henschen och gränsöverskridandets genusimplikationer2008In: Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria, Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier , 2008, 73-88 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Ett högt och ädelt kall: kalltankens betydelse för sjuksköterskeyrkets formering 1850-19332002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the impact of the notion of a calling on the development of the nursing profession during the period 1850–1933. The focus of the study is on how perceptions andnotions of a calling were altered over time, and in which way this historically shaped conceptinfluenced the professionalisation of the female health care work. Some contexts of relevancefor the notion of a calling and which are emphasised in the thesis are the women’s rights movement, the expansion of the civil servants’ movement, the professionalisation and modernisationof the health care system as well as the general secularisation of society.

    The study consists of three parts. The first part constitutes a conceptual background tothe notion of a calling and here the Christian heritage of ideas is examined. The second partof the thesis describes three leading institutions of nursing education: the Ersta Institution ofdeaconesses (1851), the Red Cross education (1867), and the Sophia Home (1884). The study shows how Lutheran features influenced these educational institutions, mainly the educationof the deaconesses. The meaning of the calling differed between the deaconesses and thenurses of the Sophia Home. The deaconnesses’ notion of a calling emphasised the value ofhumbly serving fellow beings, whereas the Sophia Home attached more importance to theelevated and noble aspect of the calling.

    The third part of the thesis is the most comprehensive one. It is here analysed how the circlearound the Swedish Nursing Association (SNA), used and related to the notion of a calling during the period 1910–1933. The description is structured under four themes. The first describes how the notion of a calling expresses a particular professional ideal and an ethical attitude characterised by a Lutheran work ethics with strong altruistic features. Under the second theme, the gendered perception of the vocation is discussed. It is claimed that the nursingprofession was not unambiguously permeated by feminine gendered perceptions. Instead the nurses’ professional ideal espoused a mixture of masculine and feminine gendered metaphors.Under the third theme, it becomes clear that the nurses’ proclamation of a calling strengthened and increased the status of the profession. Under the fourth theme, the nurses’notion of a calling is related to two male professional groups, doctors and clergymen, and thepessimistic and sombre spirit of time at the turn of the century, 1900. The general secularisation of society, and the gradual modernisation of the health care sector seemed to have contributedto a need for a professional corps, marked by strong tradition, apparently considereda guarantee for a health care system that would still comprise Christian love.

  • 22.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Förgubbningen av befolkningen: diskussioner om åldrandet i svenska läkartidskrifter 1945-19502004In: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, Vol. 1, 110-119 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kan man göra så i ditt ämne?2009In: Undervisning på tvären: Student - och lärarerfarenheter / [ed] Mona Fjellström, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum (UPC), Umeå universitet , 2009, 47-58 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras de pedagogiska utmaningar som följer av att undervisa i tvärvetenskapliga sammanhang. Följande frågor ställs: på vilka sätt kan olika ämnesbakgrunder vara till hinder eller till hjälp i lärandesituationer?; vilka pedagogiska utmaningar ställs man inför som lärare?; vad sker med förståelsen av det egna ämnet efter möten med nya och annorlunda ämnestraditioner?; vilken roll spelar förmågan att kunna läsa texter från olika ämnen och traditioner än det egna, för att kunna uppnå en gynnsam lärandeprocess?

  • 24.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Urfolkshälsa: utmanande  och svårfångad2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 6, 726-735 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines Swedish health research regarding the Indigenous Sami people and the lack of epidemiological data. A historical overview underlines that Swedish research is hampered by Sami people having been the subject of studies by the National Institute of Racial Biology between 1920 and 1950. Public health research has mainly taken place during the last 20 years. There are no current epidemiological studies and this is linked to the fact that Swedish official statistics do not report on ethnic groups in the country. Ethnic statistics is a sensative issue and new ethical principles need to be worked out where the Sami, as constitutionally recognized indigenous people, are allowed to decide whether they want to be part of official statistics, and if so, what statistics would be relevant and how it should be collected.

  • 25.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från föhn till feu!: Esrange och den norrländska rymdverksamhetens tillkomsthistoria från sekelskiftet 1900 till 19662010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the origin, planning and establishment of the European Space Research Organisation's (ESRO) sounding rocket base Esrange outside Kiruna in Northern Sweden. Three main questions are examined. First I show there were not just scientific and technical but also political, economical as well as military reasons to build a European rocket base. Second, I scrutinize the reasons to choose Northern Sweden as the location for the rocket base. As it turns out, the main reasons were the favourable location of Northern Sweden within the aurora oval zone, the proximity of the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory, and the possibility to use a large, although not quite uninhabited, area where the launched rockets could crash. Finally, I examine the difficulty of talking about boundaries of various kinds, such as temporal, spatial and functional. The essay also provides a discussion on possible ways to continue research on this topic.

  • 26.
    Backman, Fredrick
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Making Place for Space: a History of 'Space Town' Kiruna 1943-20002015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Science and technology have a tendency to clump together in places where they spawn other forms of societal activities. Sometimes these places become famous through processes known as place-making, or the social construction of place. Because the scientific and technological activities affect the places, and the places conversely affect the science and technology, it is relevant to study how and why these connections emerge.

    This dissertation examines the particular case of the northern Swedish town of Kiruna, which has become known for being a `space town' because of its scientific, technological, and other activities that relate to the near space around the earth. The overall objective is to analyse the processes underlying the making of Kiruna as a space town in the period 1943--2000.

    Five parts make up the study. First is an examination of how the development of space physics research in Kiruna led to the setting up of a scientific observatory. The second part studies how the Swedish participation in the European Space Research Organisationmade Kiruna the place for a rocket base. Next follows an analysis of how local business efforts contributed to forming a new satellite technology business and the Space House office building. The fourth part concerns how the visions to establish a space `university' eventually led to the emergence of the Space Campus. Last is an epilogue that briefly analyses the space tourism efforts in Kiruna.

    A central finding is that the space town has emerged as the result of entwined processes where, on the one hand, ideas about the near space around the earth have led to new activities and physical structures, and, on the other hand, these new activities and built structures conversely have inspired to new ideas. Of importance is also the geographical place where these developments have occurred. Here, a reoccurring argument to placing the activities and structures in Kiruna was the town's geographically favourable location for specific scientific and technological activities.

    Another finding is that the development has gradually led to the emergence of a kind of identity or notion of Kiruna as a particular place for space activities. Although this form of place-making has occurred largely through spontaneous processes, it was also the result of intentional efforts.

    Together, these different place-making processes have formed the `space town' of Kiruna.

  • 27.
    Backman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Is there a Nordic Model for the treatment of introduced tree species?: A comparison of the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the Nordic countries2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 31, no 2, 222-232 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the five Nordic countries (Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland). These countries have a long common history and are culturally similar. They are often framed under the benchmark of the Nordic Model or even the Nordic Forestry Model. Therefore, we hypothesize that the Nordic countries' treatment of introduced tree species share common aspects, and that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy have reinforced these similarities. The comparison shows that globalization is strong and it seems, at least at a first glimpse, that the Nordic countries follow a kind of Nordic Model in their approach to introduced tree species. However, the history and importance of forestry, ecological conditions, afforestation campaigns, traditions of using introduced trees, understandings, and stakeholder positions have shaped different national and even regional path dependencies and circumstances. This, in turn, has transmuted international policy-making, regulations, and discussions into different specific ways to interpret, control, and implement the use of introduced trees in practice. This article concludes that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy adapt to diverse national contexts.

  • 28. Becker, Karin
    Frédérique Rémy, Le monde givré, Paris: Éditions Hermann 20162016In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 10, no 1, 127-133 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29. Becker, Karin
    Osmo Pekonen & Anouchka Vasak, Maupertuis en Laponie. À la recherche de la figure de la Terre, préface d’Élisabeth Badinter, postface de Jean-Pierre Martin, Paris: Éditions Hermann, 2014, ISBN 9782705688677, 234 S.2015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 1, 143-147 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Brottet, offret och förövaren: om synen på sexuella övergrepp mot kvinnor och barn 1950–802004In: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, 100-109 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Crime, victim and perpetrator: The attitude to sexual assault against children, 1850–19102000In: Sex, state and society: Comparative perspectives on the history of sexuality / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Södertälje: Almqvist § Wiksell International , 2000, 353-374 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Den moraliska kroppen: Opponentrecension av Maja Larson, Den moraliska kroppen: Tolkningar av kön och individualitet i 1800 -talets populärmedicin2003In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Drömmen om frihet: Om sexualitet, normalitet och kön under perioden 1950–802006In: Från Sapfo till cyborg: Idéer om kön och sexualitet i historien, 2006, 179-200 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Gränsen för det otillåtna: om synen på våldtäkt i Sverige 1950–20102010In: Antologi: sju perspektiv på våldtäkt, Uppsala: Nationellt Centrum för Kvinnofrid , 2010, 1, 10-30 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sexual assault, irresistible impulses, and forensic psychiatry in Sweden2014In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, E-ISSN 1873-6386, Vol. 37, no 1, 99-108 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After forensic psychiatry was firmly established in Sweden in the 1930s, many rapists and individuals charged with assaulting children underwent a forensic psychiatric examination. The physicians found that most of them had not been “in control” of their senses or not “in complete control” of their senses at the time of the crime. If the court ordered a forensic psychiatric examination, the defendant had a very good chance of either being discharged or having his sentence reduced considerably. By the 1950s psychological perspectives began to dominate in forensic psychiatry. In the forensic records of the 1950s we can notice a shift from a biomedical to a socio-psychological perspective, and crime was increasingly related to conditions that were not seen as mental derangement from a legal point of view. As a result, it became less and less common, from the 1950s onwards, for sentences to be commuted or defendants discharged.

  • 36.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sexualdebattens århundrade2008In: Signums svenska kulturhistoria del 8, 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sexuella övergrepp och medicinska sanningar i svensk rättspraxis 1930–502010In: In på bara huden: medicinhistoriska studier tillägnade Karin Johannisson / [ed] Torbjörn Gustafsson Chorell & Maja Bondestam, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2010, 1, 145-157 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Varm choklad och psykoterapi: om Ericastiftelsen i Stockholm2013Book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Berggren, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Building a New Society: Ideas on social revolution and the conception of the people’s community in interwar Swedish fascism2007In: Ideas in History, Vol. 2, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how the idea of a social revolution was interpreted by the major fascist movements in Sweden during the interwar period, and how this social revolution was intended to result in the rebirth of the collective folkgemenskap [people’s community] in the form of the fascist ideal state the folkstat [people’s state]. The analysis will focus on the ideological rather than the practical political level, and is based on source material from the three major fascist organisations in Sweden: the Swedish National Socialist Party, the National Socialist Labour Party and the New-Swedish National Federation.

    The importance of the specific context of interwar Sweden will be taken into account, and the analysis of the fascist quest for the people’s state will be made against the background of the contemporaraneous discourses on the people’s home and on eugenics. To conclude, it will be considered whether there are any variations discernible within the fascist ideological spectrum regarding the idea of a social revolution and the construction of a people’s state.

  • 40.
    Björkman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, History and Theory of Art.
    Naturen inpå knutarna: om urban grönska2004Book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Boberg, Felicia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Krigsfånge eller flykting?: Svenska interneringsläger för utländsk militär personal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Bonnevier, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från Framtidsland till Ödemark: Föreställningar om Norrland hos Ludvig Nordström och PO Tidholm2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is an analysis of the ideas about problems and possibilities concerning the northern region in Sweden, as presented and discussed by authors and journalists Ludvig Nordström and Po Tidholm, in their books Norrland i stöpsleven (1937) and Norrland (2014). The essay draws on theoretical concepts such as center and periphery, Orientalism, progress, as understood by Bernt Skovdahl, and Nietzsche’s notion of ressentiment, as employed by Wendy Brown. The essay offers a discourse analysis of the representations and images of Norrland that the authors present in their works. Nordström portrays Norrland as a region with a bright future, predicated on its inhabitants’ capacity to improve their primitive mentality and start acting as entrepreneurs in the industrial age. Tidholm, though, is much more pessimistic: with bitterness and resignation, he sees a region that no one no longer cares about and where the people suffer from inferiority complex. In a comparison between the two authors three main themes are identified and developed. These are: utopia and dystopia, development and decline, and center and periphery. The essay concludes that Nordström’s and Tidholm’s views are historically conditioned. Nordström’s texts reflect notions of progress typical of modernity, whereas, produced in an era when all grand narratives have lost their credibility, Tidholm’s texts fail to imagine any potential alternatives to the situation he laments.

  • 43.
    Braas, Erika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Föreställningar om psykiska funktionshinder: inom svensk nationell politik 1999-20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Byström, Tora
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordens Frihet: Samfundet, tidningen, kretsen2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis deals with "Samfundet Nordens Frihet" ['The Association Scandinavia’s Freedom'], its magazine with the same name, Nordens Frihet, and the circle that constituted the magazine’s editorial committee. Nordens Frihet was founded as a direct consequence of the outbreak of the Finnish Winter War on November 30 1939 and was a very active part of the Swedish Finland Movement. The Soviet attack on Finland was seen as a threat to Sweden and the whole of Scandinavia too, and after the harsh peace settlement in March 1940, Nordens Frihet made propaganda for a Nordic defence union in protection against renewed attacks from the East. When on April 9 1940 Germany attacked and occupied Denmark and Norway, Nordens Frihet took sides wholeheartedly against the Nazi occupying power too. The magazine thereby became a dedicated anti-Nazi voice in Sweden during the Second World War.

    The  magazine’s editorial committee – "the circle" – is at the centre of the thesis. It was a group of ten persons that in practice formed and expressed the association's political line. The aim of the thesis is to investigate Nordens Frihet and its political standpoints during the Second World War. This is done partly by describing the association and its inner circle – the editorial committee – and partly by analysing their views.

    Part I of the thesis, "Personerna" ['The Persons'], deals with the association, the circle and the anti-Nazi networks that Nordens Frihet was a part of. They included anti-Nazi oriented publicists and editors, the partially similar associations "Förbundet Kämpande Demokrati" ['the Federation Struggling Democracy'] and "Tisdagsklubben" ['the Tuesday Club'], Western-allied diplomats stationed in Stockholm and Nordic contacts. The chapter on the editorial committee shows how it became a closely united circle of lifelong friends. Their mutual relations are studied as well as their political orientation. In addition the concepts 'friendship' and 'circles' are discussed.

    Part II, "Åsikterna" ['The Views'], investigates and analyses Nordens Frihet’s political stances. Was it possible to combine the strong Nordic commitment with an equally dedicated anti-Nazi standpoint? The question was brought to a head when in the summer of 1941 Finland again went to war against the Soviet Union, but this time side by side with Nazi Germany, which at the same time was occupying and oppressing Denmark and Norway. Scandinavia was thus more divided than ever. In spite of this Nordens Frihet made propaganda for Nordic unity, a Nordic defence union, even a Nordic political union. The thesis also investigates Nordens Frihet’s attitude to the Swedish Communists, democracy, parliamentarism, anti-Semitism, neutrality, and their understanding of being "national".

    Nordens Frihet was discontinued in December 1945, but the circle kept up their contacts. When the conflicts between East and West gradually increased, the circle harboured serious – but not implemented – plans to restart the magazine. In the climate of the Cold War they thought that Sweden would have to abandon its isolationistic neutrality and instead join a Western alliance.

  • 45.
    Byström, Tora
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordic solidarity in print: the Nordens Frihet Association and its magazine, 1939-452013In: Communicating the North: media structures and images in the making of the Nordic Region / [ed] Jonas Harvard and Peter Stadius, Farnham: Ashgate, 2013, 99-119 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46. Cheong, Pauline Hope
    et al.
    Fischer-Nielsen, PeterGelfgren, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.Ess, Charles
    Digital Religion, Social Media and Culture: Perspectives, Practices and Futures2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Cochard, Aurélie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kvinnliga medborgarskolan vid Fogelstads kursverksamhet: - mellan kvinnorörelsens två vågor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the Fogelstad Citizen School for Women in relation to first andsecond-wave feminism in Sweden. The school was established not long after women in Sweden were given the right to vote in 1921, with the purpose of educating women in civic education, in order for them to be able to make use of their newly gained rights.The school and its founders had thus a close connection to the ideas of Swedish first-wave feminism. On the other hand, the school shut down in 1954, about a decade before second-wave feminism is considered to have started in Sweden in the late 1960’/70’s. Hence, the school was active between two so-called “waves”. By analysing specific ideas on women expressed through course notes from the school’s later years, 1939–1945, this paper explores ideas about women that women’s specific qualities were emphasised in order to argue for women’s increased participation in society, while contextualising with other contemporary tendencies and events in Swedish society. A closer examination shows that specifically the school’s founders and its teacher in citizenship, Ebba Holgersson, were promoting gender essentialism, emphasising women’s nurturing characteristics and using it as an argument for women to participate more in societal and political matters. The results further imply that while this period cannot be attributed a specific feminist “wave” with regards to how a social movement’s wave it was defined, it was nonetheless a period where feminist ideas flourished and thus worked as bridge between first and second-wave feminism.

  • 48. Degroot, Dagomar
    Exploring the North in a Changing Climate: The Little Ice Age and the Journals of Henry Hudson, 1607–16112015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 1, 69-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During its nadir between approximately 1565 and 1720, the Little Ice Age cooled the Arctic by 0.5° C relative to early twentieth- century averages. Historians of past climates often craft declensionist and even determinist narratives of the Little Ice Age in the far north. Conversely, social or cultural historians usually depict the early modern Arctic environment as unchanging. The journals kept by Henry Hudson and his crew during their voyages of Arctic exploration provide detailed information on environmental conditions and human responses that bridge these different historical perspectives and concerns. The journals reflect the influence of the Little Ice Age in the Arctic, but also demonstrate that voyages of northern exploration were affected by complex and even counterintuitive relationships between global climate change and its local environmental manifestations. These relationships can only be examined with a rigorous methodology that confronts issues of scale and causation that are still rarely considered by climate historians. Ultimately, the journals reveal that a shifting climate was a dynamic, but hardly determinist, agent in the early modern exploration and exploitation of the Arctic.

  • 49.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Historiens psykopatologi2016In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 2, 18-23 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lång, Henrik
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Motorspriten kommer!: en historia om etanol och andra alternativa drivmedel2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Motorspriten kommer! löd budskapet i början av 1900-talet. Liknande utfästelser om alternativa drivmedel har gång på gång hörts genom historien. Men de oljebaserade bränslena har behållit sitt grepp om transportsystemet, trots att de alltid ansetts problematiska. Varför?

    Den här boken handlar om olika försök att utveckla och förverkliga alternativ till oljebaserade drivmedel i Sverige. Den spänner över ett drygt sekel, från slutet av 1800-talet och framåt, och behandlar bland annat sulfitsprit, syntetisk bensin, gengas, metanol och den första och andra generationens etanol. I fokus står motiven bakom dessa alternativ varför de har ansetts angelägna och önskvärda liksom de problem och strukturella hinder som de har mött och alltjämt fortsätter att möta. Boken ger historiska och medievetenskapliga perspektiv på de pågående försöken till en omställning på drivmedelsområdet och bidrar till kunskap av värde för såväl beslutsfattare som allmänhet.

    Boken bygger på forskning som utfördes inom det tvärvetenskapliga projektet Framtidens drivmedel? Biobränslen i historisk och kulturell belysning. Den är skriven av samtliga forskare i projektet Annika Egan Sjölander, Helena Ekerholm, Jenny Eklöf, Erland Mårald, Christer Nordlund och Bosse Sundin i samarbete med Henrik Lång.

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