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  • 1.
    isaksson, cristine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    norlén, ann-katrin
    socialt arbete.
    englund, birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    lindqvist, rafael
    göteborgs universitet.
    changes in self-image as seen in tree paintings2009In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 304-312Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether changes in self-image were reflected in the tree paintings of the participants in an art therapy programme, and, if so, how. A self-rating scale, Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour (SASB), was used in the assessment of changes in self-image, and content analysis was used to analyse the tree paintings. This particular combination of quantitative and qualitative measures and analysis has not been reported before in relation to the assessment of change in self-image. The SASB questionnaire and the instruction to paint a tree were presented to six women in an art therapy group programme. Data were collected in the first and final group session. The SASB results and noted changes in the tree paintings were then analysed and compared. All the participants showed changes in self-image according to SASB, but only two participants experienced positive changes that were possible to verify statistically. Certain features of all the participants’ second tree painting showed changes in comparison with the first tree painting. The findings indicated that it was not possible to arrive at a general conclusion concerning how changes in self-image could be related to the tree theme and to the results of the SASB. Further research with a more comprehensive collection of data would be desirable in order to examine whether a hypothesis about unconventional trees, the meaning of the colour, the marked outline and the reduction/extension in the tree paintings could be of any relevance.

  • 2.
    Thyme, Karin Egberg
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hällgren Graneheim, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Qualitative content analysis in art psychotherapy research: concepts, procedures, and measures to reveal the latent meaning in pictures and the words attached to the pictures2013In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 101-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this methodological paper is to describe and apply qualitative content analysis to a psychodynamic art psychotherapy context, and to give an example of the procedures used to analyse pictures and words in one time-limited psychodynamic art psychotherapy session, here named PDT/Scribbling. The art method was used with a female patient. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse one scribble with its amplification together with the patient's own clarifying words explaining the pictures. In addition, the words spoken before and after scribbling were analysed in order to capture the whole psychotherapeutic process. In the application we coded and categorised colours and elements of the scribbles and amplifications, which together with categories of the patient's own words before and after scribbling resulted in three sub-themes and an overarching theme: permitting herself to leave a victim position and take charge of her life. The conclusion of this methodological paper is that qualitative content analysis is a meaningful method for analysing pictures and words from psychodynamic art psychotherapy sessions, keeping the manifest messages and the latent meanings in the pictures intact.

  • 3.
    Öster, Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Omvårdnad.
    Magnusson, E
    Thyme, K E
    Lindh, J
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Omvårdnad.
    Erratum to "Art therapy for women with breast cancer: The therapeutic consequences of boundary strengthening" [Arts Psychother. 34 (2007) 277-288] (DOI:10.1016/j.aip.2007.04.003)2008In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 242-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Öster, Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Magnusson, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Women's Studies.
    Egberg Thyme, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Lindh, Jack
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences.
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Art therapy for women with breast cancer: the therapeutic concequences of boundary strenghtening2007In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 277-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Between 2001 and 2004, 42 women with breast cancer (20 women in the study group and 22 women in the control group) participated in an intervention study involving art therapy. This article elaborates on previous quantitative results, taking a discursive approach and drawing on gender theories in analyzing the women's use of interpretative repertoires in interviews and diaries and their answers on single items of the Coping Resources Inventory (CRI). The aim was to inquire into whether and, if so, how and with what consequences women with breast cancer who participated in art therapy improved their access to beneficial cultural interpretative repertoires, compared to a control group. The results showed a connection between participation in art therapy, talking about protecting one's own boundaries, and scoring higher on the CRI compared to the control group. There was also a connection between the control group, repertoire conflicts, and lower scores on the CRI. Our interpretation is that art therapy became a tool the women could use to distinguish cultural understandings about boundaries and, through image making and reflections, to give higher legitimacy to their own interpretations and experience.

  • 5.
    Öster, Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Tavelin, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Edberg Thyme, Karin
    Magnusson, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Isaksson, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindh, Jack
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences.
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Art therapy during radiotherapy – A five-year follow-up study with women diagnosed with breast cancer2014In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 36-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Follow-up studies on art therapy are lacking. In a randomised art therapy intervention study from 2001 to 2004 with women with breast cancer, results showed that patients benefitted from participating in art therapy for up to four months after the intervention. The aim of this study was to describe the coping resources and quality of life amongst women treated for breast cancer five to seven years after participating in individual art therapy during radiotherapy as compared to a control group. In 2009, thirty-seven women, 18 from the intervention group and 19 from the control group, answered questionnaires about their coping resources and quality of life. The results showed no significant difference between the groups regarding their coping resources or quality of life, except for an unexpected significantly lower score in the domain 'Social relations' in the study group as compared to baseline, at the time of the follow up. However, our study from 2001 to 2004 supports various positive effects of art therapy within six months of participation as compared to a control group. Consequently, attending art therapy during the treatment period for breast cancer can be of great importance to support health, coping and quality of life in a short-term perspective.

  • 6.
    Öster, Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Tavelin, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Egberg Thyme, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Magnusson, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Isaksson, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindh, Jack
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Art therapy during radiotherapy: a five-year follow-up study with women diagnosed with breast cancer2014In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 36-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Follow-up studies on art therapy are lacking. In a randomised art therapy intervention study from 2001-2004 with women with breast cancer, results showed that patients benefitted from participating in art therapy for up to at least four months after the intervention. The aim of this study was to describe the coping resources and quality of life amongst women treated for breast cancer five - seven years after participating in individual art therapy during radiotherapy as compared to a control group. In 2009, thirty-seven women, 18 from the intervention group and 19 from the control group, answered questionnaires about their coping resources and quality of life. The results showed no significant difference between the groups regarding their coping resources or quality of life, except for an unexpected significantly lower score in the domain ‘Social relations’ in the study group as compared to baseline, at the time of the follow up. However, our study from 2001–2004 supports various positive effects of art therapy within six months of participation as compared to a control group. Consequently, attending art therapy during the treatment period for breast cancer can be of great importance to support health, coping and quality of life in a short-term perspective.

  • 7.
    Öster, Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindh, Jack
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Magnusson, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Women with breast cancer and gendered limits and boundaries: Art therapy as a safe space for enacting alternative subject positions2009In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 29-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes its starting point from certain results from our randomized study on art therapy with women with breast cancer. Previous results from this study showed significant benefits on coping, quality of life, and symptoms for women who participated in an art therapy intervention. Analyses of interviews and diaries showed that especially women from the intervention group had distanced themselves from traditionally gendered understandings about cultural limits and boundaries. The aim of this study was to gain further knowledge about how women with breast cancer who participated in the art therapy intervention gave meaning to the gendered limits and boundaries in their daily lives, and to trace their trajectories, in therapy, towards helpful management of restraining boundaries. When analyzing the women's verbal reflections on the therapy sessions, we discerned five subject positions, defining them as follows: being someone who reacts to violation attempts; actively connecting body and self; actively locating oneself and moving forward; being in a position to see important connections throughout life; and being able to acknowledge and harbour conflicting emotions. The results of the study suggest that art therapy served as a tool that helped the women to get access to subject positions that enabled them to protect and strengthen their boundaries. This involved challenging dominating discourses and reacting against perceived boundary violations. Art therapy offered a personal, physical, and pictorial “safe space” with opportunities to deal with complex existential experiences and issues, and also make important connections throughout life. Looking back and summarizing important experiences acted as a way to prepare oneself for the future and moving forward.

1 - 7 of 7
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