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  • 1.
    Backteman-Erlanson, Susann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Prevalence of burnout and associations with psychosocial work environment, physical strain, and stress of conscience among Swedish female and male police personnel2012In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focus of this study was to investigate prevalence of burnout and relation to psychosocial work environment, physical strain, and stress of conscience amongst female and male police personnel in Sweden. The questionnaire was answered by 856 (55%) patrolling police officers, 437 (56%) women vs. 419 (53%) men. Prevalence and mean values for emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalization (DP) was higher in our study compared to other studies including police personnel in Norway and the Netherlands. A multiple logistic regressions showed that for women stress of conscience, high demand, and organizational climate was significant associated with EE, for men it was stress of conscience, decision, and high demand. For DP only stress of conscience contributed statistically significant in our model, respectively, of gender. Further research is needed to develop interventions aiming to reduce levels of burnout among police personnel in Sweden.

  • 2.
    Bäck, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vallès, Lola
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Police students' perceptions of professional competences: a comparative study of Catalonia and Sweden2017In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 478-491Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of the European cooperation project, Recruitment, Education, and Career in the Police. The overall aim of this study is to compare how Swedish and Catalan police students perceive different competence dimensions in relation to their future profession, and how the perceptions of these competence dimensions change from the beginning to the end of the training program. The empirical data is based on identical questionnaires that were distributed to police students in Sweden and Catalonia. The results show different patterns in how Catalan and Swedish police students perceive the importance of the different competences at the beginning and at the end of their basic training programs. The implications of this study show that more knowledge is needed about the next step; that is, how the police students use these competencies in their professional work.

  • 3.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Conditions for gender equality in police leadership: making way for senior police women2018In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 241-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This  paper  aims  to  analyse  and  discuss  conditions  for  gender  equality  in  police  leadership.  This  is  done  by  interviewing  28  sworn  police  leaders  in  Sweden, and using a doing gender perspective for analyses. The results show that women and, to a greater extent, men in police leadership do gender traditionally. Explanations for the lack of female leaders and strategies for increasing the number of female leaders are shown to either focus on women as individuals (mostly men) or organisational structure and culture (mostly women).  Further,  strategies  to  reach  gender  equality  goals  are  critically  examined.  These  could  be  used  to  create  concrete  diversity  and  equality  work  within  police  and  other  organisations.  Whether  or  not  quantitative  gender equality work (raising the number of females in leadership positions) can create changes in qualitative gender equality (the learning of new norms to change experiences of inclusion and exclusion in relation to gender) is discussed.

  • 4.
    Karp, Staffan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Stenmark, Henric
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Learning to be a police officer: tradition and change in the training and professional lives of police officers2011In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 4-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the usefulness of a model for empirical studies of conservative and innovative forces in police training and the professional lives of police officers. The model is based on frame factor theory and is demonstrated against Swedish police research and the authors' own observations and experiences of the Swedish police organization and police training. The authors conclude that the model can be used to describe and understand the everyday practice that police students and new police officers encounter and adopt. In particular, the model can help to identify and describe the tension fields that individual police students and police officers must learn to navigate. Thus, empirical studies using the model may contribute to a deeper understanding of police officers' individual and collective attitudes to the conservation and the development of day-to-day practice in police training and the police profession.

  • 5.
    Norberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Legislation vs. morality: a police officer’s ethical dilemma2011In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, p. 10-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Policing is a moral endeavor. This paper discusses policing as a complex mission linked to its moral dimension and how individual values may impact how daily work is accomplished. It highlights the ethical dimension of decision-making from different ethical perspectives and the importance of developing practical ethical awareness in routine tasks and everyday activities. A routine episode, as depicted by a female police officer in an in-service program, illustrates how a number of ethical dimensions may arise in an unexpected situation with a discrepancy between the national ethical values for policing and its realization in practice. This paper draws attention to the importance of a forum in which shared dilemmas drawn from everyday activities are discussed, focusing on legislation as well as different ethical perspectives, to identify alternative actions.

  • 6.
    Sundström, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wolming, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Swedish student police officers' job values and relationships with gender and educational background2014In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 35-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined student police officers’ job values and differences in job values with respect to gender and educational background. Three hundred fifty-two Swedish first-year police students responded to a job value questionnaire. Psychometric analyses indicated that there are three dimensions of job values: intrinsic, altruistic, and extrinsic. In general, students rated altruistic values as more important than intrinsic/ leisure and extrinsic values. Females valued intrinsic and altruistic aspects of a job as more important than males did. In conclusion, the three dimensions of job values, as well as the differences found between males and females are supported by previous research on job values. Future studies should be directed on examining whether police students’ job values change during education and in the transition to work.

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