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  • 1.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Sjöström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Regional Effects of Military Base Closures: The case of Sweden2007In: Defence and Peace Economics, ISSN 1024-2694, E-ISSN 1476-8267, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 87-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate regional effects of military base closures in Sweden during the last decades. Our analysis is based on a regional growth model, where two equations are estimated; one equation describing the average income growth rate and one equation describing the net migration rate. The data set is a panel of 31 Swedish municipalities covering the period 1983-1998. Our main finding is that a closure of a military base has not had any significant impact on the subsequent average income growth rate nor the net migration rate in the affected municipalities. One potential explanation for these results relates to the labour market and the composition of the labour force.

  • 2.
    Bäckström, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, Avdelningen för försvarsanalys.
    Are Economic Upturns Bad for Military Recruitment? A Study on Swedish Regional Data 2011–20152019In: Defence and Peace Economics, ISSN 1024-2694, E-ISSN 1476-8267, Vol. 30, no 7, p. 813-829Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper represents the first effort to explore the relationship between civilian labour market conditions and the supply of labour to the military in the all-volunteer environment that Sweden entered after the abolishment of the peacetime draft in 2010. The paper investigates the effect of civilian unemployment on the rate of applications from individuals aged 18–25 to initiate basic military training, using panel data on Swedish counties for the period 2011–2015. A linear fixed-effects model is estimated to investigate the relationship, while controlling for a range of socio-demographic covariates, unobserved heterogeneity on the regional level, as well as aggregate trends on the national level. The results of the panel-data analysis indicate that the unemployment rate has a positive and statistically significant effect on the application rate. These results are robust to non-linear form specifications, as well as allowing the civilian unemployment rate to be endogenous. As such, the results suggest that the civilian labour market environment in Sweden can give rise to non-trivial fluctuations in the supply of applications to initiate basic military training within the Swedish Armed Forces.

  • 3.
    Hanes, Niklas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Norlin, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sjöström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Civil returns of military training: a study of young men in Sweden2010In: Defence and Peace Economics, ISSN 1024-2694, E-ISSN 1476-8267, Vol. 21, no 5-6, p. 547-565Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to examine the effect of military training on the earnings of young men in Sweden. The analysis is based on the cohort of males born in 1973. This cohort was conscripted during a time of rapid change in Swedish security policy and substantial cutbacks in the armed forces. As a consequence, a relatively large proportion of the cohort was assigned a service category after the enlistment test but one third of these individuals were never conscripted. We argue that these organizational changes, along with data on important background variables, make it possible to rely on selection on observables. A clear finding is that military training has a positive effect on annual earnings at the age of 30 for those men in the category 'private soldier' who do not subsequently obtain a high level of educational. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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