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  • 1.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Micheletto, Luca
    University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
    Where should the elderly live and who should pay for their care?2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 289-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a model with a population consisting of earners and retired persons; elderlycare is publicly provided. There is one big city, where congestion effects and agglomerationforces are at work, and a number of small villages. We show how the externalities related topopulation mobility lead to an inefficient spatial distribution of earners and retirees, and wecharacterize the second-best solution. Decentralization of this solution in a fiscal federalismstructure requires the use of taxes and subsidies proportional to the number of earners andretired persons living in the city and the villages.

  • 2.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Johansson-Stenman, Olof
    University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Conspicuous Leisure: Optimal Income Taxation When Both Relative Consumption and Relative Leisure Matter2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 115, no 1, p. 155-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In previous studies on public policy under relative-consumption concerns, leisure comparisons have been ignored. In this paper, we consider a two-type optimal non-linear income tax model, in which people care about both their relative consumption and their relative leisure. Increased consumption positionality typically implies higher marginal income tax rates for both ability types, whereas leisure positionality has an offsetting role. However, this offsetting role is not symmetric; concern about relative leisure implies a progressive income tax component (i.e., a component that is larger for the high-ability type than for the low-ability type). Leisure positionality does not modify the policy rule for public-good provision.

  • 3.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Johansson-Stenman, Olof
    Conspicuous Leisure: Optimal Income Taxation When Both Relative Consumption and Relative Leisure Matter2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 115, no 1, p. 155-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In previous studies on public policy under relative-consumption concerns, leisure comparisons have been ignored. In this paper, we consider a two-type optimal non-linear income tax model, in which people care about both their relative consumption and their relative leisure. Increased consumption positionality typically implies higher marginal income tax rates for both ability types, whereas leisure positionality has an offsetting role. However, this offsetting role is not symmetric; concern about relative leisure implies a progressive income tax component (i.e., a component that is larger for the high-ability type than for the low-ability type). Leisure positionality does not modify the policy rule for public-good provision.

  • 4.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Johansson-Stenman, Olof
    Conspicuous leisure: Optimal income taxation when both relative consumption and relative leisure matterIn: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Johansson-Stenman, Olof
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjögren, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Social Comparisons and Optimal Taxation in a Small Open Economy2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 121, no 4, p. 1500-1532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze how international capital mobility affects the optimal labor and capital income tax policy in a small open economy when consumers care about relative consumption. The main results crucially depend on whether the government can tax returns on savings abroad. If the government can use flexible residence-based capital income taxes, then the optimal policy rules from a closed economy largely carry over to the case of a small open economy. If it cannot, then capital income taxes become completely ineffective. The labor income taxes must then indirectly also reflect the corrective purpose that the absent capital income tax would have had.

  • 6.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Micheletto, Luca
    Milan State University.
    Optimal Redistributive Income Taxation and Efficiency WagesIn: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Brännäs, Kurt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Modelling Non-Linear Economic Relationships by Clive W. J. Granger; Timo Teräsvirta1994In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 96, no 4, p. 576-577Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Hanes, Niklas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Norlin, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Psychological traits and earnings differentials among men: A study of second-generation immigrants in Sweden2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 113, no 2, p. 318-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the impact of psychological traits on earnings differentials between second-generation immigrants and individuals with native-born parents. The study is based on a cohort of men born in 1973 and residing in Sweden in 1990. In this paper, we use an indicator of psychological ability measured in connection with the military enlistment test in Sweden. The results show that the measure of psychological traits is an important determinant of earnings at the age of 30. Using an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition, we find that earnings differentials between second-generation immigrants and individuals with native-born parents are explained, to a large degree, by differences in endowments of psychological traits.

  • 9.
    Mannberg, Andréa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Risky sex in a Risky World: Sexual Behavior in a HIV/AIDS Environment2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 114, no 2, p. 296-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of increased awareness of HIV/AIDS, unprotected casual sex is still widespread in many HIV infected countries. In this paper, a two-period model for sexual decisions under uncertainty is developed. The results suggest that, for individuals with limited access to HIV treatment, uncertainty of future health may be an important factor driving unsafe sex practices. The results support the empirical finding of a weak link between sexual behavior, HIV frequency, and HIV knowledge in poor countries; therefore suggesting that AIDS policy needs to be calibrated in order to fit within different social contexts.

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