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  • 1.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Gebel, Michael
    University of Mannheim.
    Kotowska, Irena Elzbieta
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    The role of fixed-term contracts at labour market entry in Poland: Stepping stones, screening devices, traps or search subsidies?2011Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 777-793Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Poland has become an interesting outlier in Europe in terms of employment flexibility, with an extremely high incidence of fixed-term contracts, particularly at labour market entry. In this article, detailed retrospective data from the Polish School Leavers Survey are used to analyse the dynamics of entry and exit from fixed-term contracts. The results show that neither firm-based vocational training nor diplomas from more selective tertiary education institutions provide graduates better access to secure entry positions. Regarding exit dynamics, transition patterns from fixed-term contracts into unemployment suggest that the timing of exits often coincides with the date of becoming eligible to collect unemployment benefits. The results also imply that, in Poland, fixed-term contracts might serve employers by helping them to identify the best workers.

  • 2. Boye, Katarina
    et al.
    Grönlund, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Workplace skill investments – an early career glass ceiling?: Job complexity and wages among young professionals in Sweden2018Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 32, nr 2, s. 368-386Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite higher educational investments, women fall behind men on most indicators of labour market success. This study investigates whether workplace skill investments set men and women off on different tracks in which the human capital acquired through higher education is either devalued or further developed. A sample of Swedish men and women who recently graduated from five educational programs, leading to occupations with different gender composition, is analysed. Results show that, a few years after graduation, men are more likely than women to acquire complex jobs and that this difference contributes to early career gender gaps in wage and employee bargaining power. The findings do not support the notion that child-related work interruptions provide a main mechanism for sorting women into less complex jobs. 

  • 3.
    Hult, Carl
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Edlund, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Age and labour market commitment in West Germany, Denmark, Norway and Sweden2008Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 109-128Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines age differences in non-financial employment commitment in two types of `exit cultures'. Germany and Denmark represent the `early'-exit culture where early retirement has become the norm. Sweden and Norway represent the `late'-exit culture where labour market activity until advanced age is more common. The categorization of countries corresponds to the time for data collection (1997). The main question is whether suggested differences in exit culture are manifested in age differences in non-financial employment commitment.

    The claim that age differences in commitment relate to exit culture received some support. In the two early-exit countries, the probability for men to display low employment commitment was found to increase at the age of 43—54. Also women in these countries dropped in commitment but first at 55+. In the two late-exit countries there was no important loss in commitment related to the middle or old age groups.

  • 4.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Non-financial Employment Motivation and Well-being in Different Labour Market Situations: A Longitudinal Study1999Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 601-620Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines non-financial employment motivation and mental well-being among people in different labour market situations, such as unemployment, stimulating employment or instrumental employment, and controls for the possibility that variations in motivation and well-being are either caused by present labour market status or are the result of a selection process. The article is based on a panel study of 1,782 Swedes who were interviewed at the beginning of 1996, when all were unemployed, and then again at the end of 1997, when the labour market situation had changed for some of them. The results show that, in 1997, the unemployed had the same level of employment commitment as individuals with instrumental jobs, but as compared to people with stimulating jobs, their non-financial employment motivation was weaker. In general, the unemployed report poorer mental well-being than the employed. Results support the hypothesis that the substantial changes in employment commitment and mental health observed between 1996 and 1997 are primarily due to the labour market situation in 1997. The results refute the notion that the level of employment motivation is a major determinant of the likelihood of getting a paid job.

  • 5.
    Saloniemi, Antti
    et al.
    Antti Saloniemi, University of Tampere, P.O. Box 181, FI-28101 Pori, Finland.
    Romppainen, Katri
    Antti Saloniemi, University of Tampere, P.O. Box 181, FI-28101 Pori, Finland.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Virtanen, Pekka
    Antti Saloniemi, University of Tampere, P.O. Box 181, FI-28101 Pori, Finland.
    Training for the unemployed: differential effects in white- and blue-collar workers with respect to mental well-being2014Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 533-550Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigate the effects of active labour market policy measures on health and well-being and how these effects are connected with socioeconomic status. The data were collected among the participants (n = 212) in 24 conventional vocational training courses in Finland. According to the results, training was accompanied by improvements in health and well-being among participants with a higher socioeconomic status, whereas for blue-collar workers the changes were neutral or even detrimental. The results raise questions about the role of active labour market policy measures as a public service. There seems to be a risk that these types of measures maintain or even produce health differences between socioeconomic groups.

  • 6.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Different exit routes from unemployment and their impact on mental well-being: the role of the economic situation and the predictability of the life course2000Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 14, s. 459-479Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Different exit routes from unemployment and their impact on mental well-being: the role of the economic situation and the predictability of the life course2000Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 14, s. 459-479Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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