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  • 1.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vem är den ekonomiske brottslingen?: En jämförelse mellan länder och brottstyper2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Who is the economic criminal? A comparison between countries and types of crime In white collar crime research two particularly competing definitions (Sutherland versus the Revisionists) have dominated the field during the last two decades. Sutherland's definition states that the sociodemographic profile is homogeneous (entrepreneur with high education and high or regular income), despite type of white collar crime or context. The definition given by the Revisionists states that white collar criminals' demographic profile is heterogeneous (everyone can be convicted for white collar crime). As a consequence of this divided definitional approach we have a contradictive outcome of who the white collar criminal is. Our purpose is to investigate the qualification of the two definitions by analyzing heterogeneity/homogeneity based on crime type and national context. The investigation is based on seven countries from the EES 2004 (European Social Survey). We use four types of crime. The results show a rather homogeneous demographic profile but there is also a certain substantial heterogeneity depending on kinds of crime and context. The results altogether indicate that the Revisionists' definition is more correct in its description of the white collar criminal than Sutherland's definition. The demographic profile of the white collar criminal seems to be more complex than a profile confined to just one social category would be and the contextual factor has an impact on the variety of the demographic profile. An important task for future research is to hold the door open for further demographic investigations depending on the type of crime and country that the study is based on.

  • 2.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University.
    "Like a normal girl": Performance of body, functionality and femininity2015In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 395-397Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bolinder, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Arbetslösas anspråk och anspråkens betydelse för chansen att få ett bra jobb2000In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 2, p. 5-34Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Brännlund, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Edlund, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Education: family resources help girls more than boys when it comes to mental-health problems2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 329-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has established that school performance relates: (i) negatively with poor mental health during childhood and (ii) positively with family socioeconomic resources. In this article, we examine the potentially moderating effects of family resources on the relationship between school performance and poor mental health, using register data covering all children born in Sweden in 1990. The dependent variable is graduation from upper secondary school. We perform separate analyses for girls and boys. Our results indicate that compensatory effects of the socioeconomic resources of the family on the risk of graduation failure.

  • 5.
    Droppe, Adam
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    What is academic quality? On the decline of academic autonomy.2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 57-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What is academic quality? On the decline of academic autonomy In light of the transformations that universities currently undergo, with Bologna as a keyword, the following questions are put: What ideals lie behind the assessment of academic "excellence" and "quality"? What agents have the ability to define what is good science and education today? These questions are approached through Pierre Bourdieus concept of field. Looking at the development the last decade, traditional academic values, such as the ideal of universal knowledge as (personal and collective) enrichment and the intellectual independence "of all political authority and economic power", as stated in the Magna Charta Universitatum, seem to have emerged into the shadow of employability, knowledge control, competitiveness, and economic benefit. In connection with the formation of concepts such as "the knowledge society and "knowledge based economies" the university has received a somewhat different and more central role in society. The university has come to take the role more of a knowledge producing enterprise clearly directed towards the surrounding society. There are higher demands on academic knowledge to contribute to economic, regional or national development and competitiveness. When the university is regarded as a knowledge company whose task is to account for the requests of the students, the labour market, and the business world it undertakes to follow trends and short term social phases rather than to critically examine them, which has been a traditional task for the university. If the academic work is guided by the market economical principle, that the client requests decide what quality is, instead of the experts on the academic field themselves (i.e. the scientists,) it is obviously not scientific ideals that constitute the criteria for what is good science and education.

  • 6.
    Edlund, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hälsoutvecklingen i Sverige 1980 - 20012005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 1, p. 27-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Grönlund, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Flexibilitet eller friktion?: om inflytande över arbetstiden och konflikten mellan arbete och familj2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 35-54Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible working time, understood as the possibility for employees to adjust the working schedule to their own needs, is portrayed as a way to reduce friction between paid work and family. However, flexibility could also be a source of stress, as the responsibility to synchronize the two spheres is left to the individual. In either case, flexibility might have important effects on gender equality. The aim of this article is to explore the effect of flexible working time on work/family conflict as well as on other aspects of life outside the workplace. Data come from a sample of 'Swedish employees in healthcare, manufacturing and finance (n = 1836). The results show that flexible working hours has positive effects on the ability to meet friends and relatives and to engage in hobbies, but does not reduce work/family conflict. However the degree of flexibility is also important: a high degree of flexibility increases work/family conflict, as this flexibility comes with a higher position and presumes an adjustment of working time to the needs of the organisation. In sum, the beneficial effects of flexible working hours could be called into question as long as flexibility is conditioned on high demands from the organisation.

  • 8.
    Hultman, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Miljösociologi2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 3-4, p. 345-347Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Jacobsson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    "We cannot do as happen": legal formulation of an objective order2006In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 2, p. 30-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents results from a research project, the main aim of which is to analyze media representations of youth robberies in a number of Swedish newspapers during the five year period 1998-2002. Prominent patterns in the way media report these crimes are mapped using content analysis, and discussed in terms of their potential consequences. The theory of so called moral panics plays an important part in these discussions. When it comes to the growing 'racialization' of youth crime in public debate, the youth robberies are a phenomenon-as well as a concept-vested with great symbolic powers. It is thus important to scrutinize the ways in which interpretations, values and attitudes are formed in this area.

  • 10.
    Larsson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Teacher Education, Department of Teacher Education in Swedish and Social Sciences.
    Suolinna, Kirsti
    Åbo akademi.
    Mellan etnologi och modern sociologi: K. Rob. V Wikman som medlare i Finland och Sverige2008In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 2, p. 7-17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Lindgren, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Populärkulturstudier: Att vetenskapliggöra den omedelbara upplevelsen2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 2, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Lindgren, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    "Ungdomsrån - uppkomsten av ett begrepp"2006In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, p. 62-95Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Livholts, Mona
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Women's Studies.
    The thinking, writing subject: memory work as a scientific method of operation and political action2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 2, p. 23-30Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Att leva med tiden: Samhälls- och kulturanalytiska perspektiv på ålder och åldrande2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 93-95Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Lövgren, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    De sociala konstruktionerna av hög ålder och funktionsförmåga: exemplet intellektuellt funktionshinder2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 47-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyse and discuss constructions of old age as they are reflected in disability research with the focus on ageing and what it means to be elderly. The results of this study show three tendencies. First, the consequences of the impairment tend to be at forefront in studies of experiences of ageing among persons with intellectual disabilities. This obscures the fact that people with intellectual disabilities partake in a common idealisation of youthfulness that often contains ambivalence towards old age. Second, the concept of old age in disability research embraces significantly wider chronological age groups than those considered in ageing studies. Third, both disability and ageing research tend to use a late modern perspective of individualization as a way to illustrate new options and strategies, including resistance against stigmatisation. This article illustrates that social constructions of disability and old age are tightly interwoven, and constitute negations of normatively defined ideals of normality in a society where ability are highly regarded. 

  • 16.
    Markström, Carina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ljuslinder, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Konsensus och personifierade konflikter: problembeskrivningar av äldreomsorg i svensk dagspress2011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 5-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consensus and personified conflicts: Representations of elderly care issues in Swedish newspapers Elderly care issues are commonly framed in public discourse. In mass media the representations of such issues are influenced by media logic. The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse how elderly care issues were represented in three Swedish newspapers during the first half of 2007. How were the problems characterized? How were different actors characterized and which roles were they assigned? How are conflicts of interests described? Finally, we aim to discuss how media contribute to an understanding of the complexity of elderly care as a whole. Taken together, the articles do not provide a coherent picture. However, costs, quality of care and demographic issues were common themes. The elderly were commonly represented in personal narratives about. problems that occurred when they needed elderly care. The elderly in the future are projected as more active and demanding than the elderly today. The care workers were active voices in discussions about working conditions, but absent in discussions about their education and professional identity, which was an issue commonly advocated by politicians. Many issues were represented as conflicts between the individual elderly and the care system or between care workers and their employers. More elaborated discussions about how to prioritize between different needs and demands were rare. This can be seen as examples of how the media tends to use personification, simplification and polarization as means to tell interesting stories.

  • 17.
    Nilsson, Karina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Davidson College, NC, USA.
    Skilsmässor och separationer: betydelsen av rollspecialisering och jämställdhet2009In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the same time as women made their large scale entrance on the labour market divorce rates increased in most western societies. This combination of societal trends was widely understood from the perspective of the specialization and trading model, which implies undermined marital stability through decreasing interdependency between husband and wife. We argue the need to acknowledge the new roles, and perceptions of these roles, men and women have in order to explain differences in separation and stability among couples. When both partners are expecting to be in paid labour and share housework responsibilities, specialisation could actually be a risk factor for cohabitational dissolution. This article uses a ten year longitudinal data base of all Swedish cohabiting first time parents in 1993. The analyses generally support what could be labelled a role balance model on separation rather than the specialization model. Looking at the father's participation in childcare this was quite clear, where the man's outtake of parental leave for the first child was shown to be related to reduced hazards of separation. In the same way equal distribution of the household labour market incomes between the partners was related to lower hazards of separation.

  • 18.
    Nilsson, Karina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Skilsmässor och separationer: Betydelsen av rollspecialisering och jämställdhet2009In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Göra illa för att hjälpa eller hjälpa till att göra illa?: Arbetslösas reservationslöner, jobbchanser och återanställningsinkomster2008In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 33-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic incentives and their impact on the job search behaviour of the unemployed have been a central focus in the academic and political debate in Sweden. A key con­cept has been the reservation wages of the unemployed, the lowest income at which an unemployed person would be willing to accept a job offer. Unemployment benefit sys­tems have been argued to raise and maintain reservation wages at high levels that lo­wer job chances. This has been supported by a large number of international studies. From this perspective lower reservation wages would function as protection against long term unemployment and the scarring effects associated with it. High reservation wages might however, based on the same behavioural assumptions, have a human ca­pital preserving effect. The possibility to hold out for the right job should reduce hu­man capital losses compared to accepting the first available job offer. In this article we use Swedish longitudinal micro data combining interview and register data in or­der to investigate three central aspects reservation wages in a Swedish context: Factors influencing the setting of reservation wages, the effect of reservation wage on job chances and the impact of reservation wages on reemployment incomes. Our findings show that benefit level and pre-unemployment position in the wage structure are central factors for setting the reservation wage. The effects of reservation wages were however not the expected. No effects were found on job chances, while a strong positive effect was found on reemployment income. This together indicates that high reservation wages have a human capital preserving effect in Sweden.

  • 20.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hurting to help or helping to hurt? The reservation wages of unemployed, job chances and reemployment incomes in Sweden.2008In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 32-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic incentives and their impact on the job search behaviour of the unemployed have been a central focus in the academic and political debate in Sweden. A key concept has been the reservation wages of the unemployed, the lowest income at which an unemployed person Would be willing to accept a job offer. Unemployment benefit systems have been argued to raise and maintain reservation wages at high levels that lower job chances. This has been Supported by a large number of international Studies. From this perspective lower reservation wages Would function as protection against long term unemployment and the scarring effects associated with it. High reservation wages might however, based on the same behavioural assumptions, have a human capital preserving effect. The possibility to hold Out for the right job Should reduce human capital losses compared to accepting the first available job offer. In this article we use Swedish longitudinal micro data combining interview and register data in order to investigate three central aspects reservation wages in a Swedish context: Factors influencing the setting of reservation wages, the effect of reservation wage on job chances and the impact of reservation wages on reemployment incomes. Our findings show that benefit level and pre-unemployment position in the wage structure are central factors for setting the reservation wage. The effects of reservation wages were however not the expected. No effects were found on job chances, while a strong positive effect was found on reemployment income. This together indicates that high reservation wages have a human capital preserving effect in Sweden.

  • 21.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jacobsson, Maritha
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hollander, Anna
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Kollegialitet, terapi och medling: experters tolkningsrepertoarer i psykiatrimål2002In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 39, no 3-4, p. 86-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article investigates the role of court appointed psychiatrist’s (AP) in Swedish court hearings relating to compulsory psychiatric care. Data consist of taperecordings and documents from twelve court hearings together with informal interviews with actors in court.

    The discourse in court is analysed in terms of interpretative repertoires. The possibility for APs to examine each case is limited by shortage of time and resources. Furthermore, APs may have to take into account an out-of-court, professional relationship to the treating psychiatrist (CP). We find that conversation between APs and CPs frequently are carried out in a collegiate repertoire. These circumstances inhibit a detailed critical examination of the CP’s application for compulsory care, which in turn helps explaining why APs seldom assess cases different from CPs.

    This raises the question of how APs’ status as experts is reproduced in courtroom conversation. This is accomplished by using a disclosing repertoire, which invites the patient to produce incoherent talk. Expert status is also reproduced when APs give medical advise to patients in a therapeutic repertoire. Applying a mediating repertoire, APs attempt to resolve clinical conflicts between CPs and patients. As a result, the legal conflict at stake is downplayed.

  • 22.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jacobsson, Maritha
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hollander, Anna
    Kollegialitet, terapi och medling: expertgranskning i psykiatrimål2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3-4, p. 86-115Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den liberala utbildningen – bredden som specialisering2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 103-104Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den mystiska forskningspolitiken2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 191-192Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Om forskningspolitik och kreativitet2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 4, p. 359-360Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Svallfors, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Recension av Jan-Magnus Enelo (2013) Klass, åsikt och partisympati. Det svenska konsumtionsfältet för politiska åsikter. Örebro Studies in Sociology2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 3-4, p. 343-344Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Westberg, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Livsfas eller generation?: ungas attityder till välfärdsstatliga utgifter2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 55-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s attitudes towards the Swedish welfare state’s expenditures are scrutinized in this study. Data from Statistic’s Sweden Survey of Living Conditions was used and a total of 5.732 respondents aged 19 to 65, out of which 1.106 were aged 19-30 years old, answered questions regarding what expenditures they considered should increase or decrease.

    The results show that there is self-interest in attitudes to the distribution of expenditures and substantial age-differences. Young people were more positive concerning expenditures towards the support argued important for establishment. Actual monetary transfer was not distinguishing between ages, therefore the situation of real or potential risk-exposure characteristic for youth was argued what was explaining the age-difference in attitudes.

    The results support the life-phase effect rather than the generation effect – individualization’s achievement orientation – in the distribution of attitudes towards the Swedish welfare state’s expenditures.

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