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  • 1.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandskliniken, Umeå.
    Lundström, Lena
    Pain Rehabilitation, Norrlands University Hospital, Umeå.
    Papacosta, Daniel
    Norrlandskliniken, Umeå.
    Sandlund, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Do we see the same movement impairments?: the inter-rater reliability of movement tests for experienced and novice physiotherapists2014In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 16, no 16, p. 173-182, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study design: Inter-rater reliability study. Background: Physiotherapists (PTs) use clinical tests including movement tests to identify faulty movement patterns. Aims: To investigate the inter-rater-reliability of active movement tests in the cervical spine, shoulder joint and scapulo-thoracic joint, and to describe the reasons for judgment of a positive test. Methodology: Four PTs, two experienced and two recently educated (novice), rated performance of five movement tests for 36 participants. Twenty-one of the participants were patients under treatment because of neck and/or shoulder problems, while 15 participants declared no problem from this region of the body. All tests were video recorded and the ratings were done by observing the video recordings. First, the PTs judged the tests as negative (the movement being ideally performed) or positive (the movement not being ideally performed). Then, the PTs described why the movements that they judged positive were not being ideally performed, using a predefined protocol, which represented different movement quality aspects. The inter-rater reliability was calculated for each test using Kappa statistics between the two experienced and the two novice PTs, respectively, and between each of the experienced and each of the novice PTs. Major findings: The experienced PTs had a higher inter-rater reliability than the novice PTs. The reasons for considering a movement test being positive differed highly between the (novice) PTs. Principal conclusion: This study supports previous studies concluding that the observation of active movement tests is reliable when assessed by experienced PTs. Novice PTs might benefit from further supervision.

  • 2.
    Betten, Carola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Skånevård Kryh, Division Primärvård Skurup, Sweden.
    Sandell, Christofer
    Hill, Jonathan C.
    Gutke, Annelie
    Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Swedish STarT Back Screening Tool2015In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 29-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives : The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT) is a newly validated questionnaire that identifies modifiable risk factors of poor prognosis in patients with low back pain (LBP). The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the SBT into Swedish and to test its concurrent validity in patients with LBP in primary healthcare.

    Methods: The SBT was translated according to established guidelines. Concurrent validity was tested on 62 patients by comparing the SBT with the Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire, short form (OMPSQ-short). Analysis of correlations between the instruments' total scores and between psychosocial sub-score of SBT and OMPSQ-short was performed using Spearman's rank correlation.

    Results: A translation of the SBT into Swedish required minor semantic adaptation until the final version was acceptable. Correlation between the SBT and the OMPSQ-short was large with r = 0.61 (SBT total with OMPSQ-short total score) and r = 0.60 (SBT psychosocial subscale with OMPSQ-short total score).

    Conclusion: The original SBT was successfully translated into Swedish. Correlation between the Swedish SBT and OMPSQ- short was large. The present study supports the use of the Swedish SBT for further clinical practice and research.

  • 3.
    Ejelöv, Marina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine.
    Bergström, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine.
    Mattsson, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Stålnacke, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine.
    “Many obstacles along the way”: follow-up of rehabilitation plans after multimodal pain rehabilitation2016In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 18-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the content of rehabilitation plans after multimodal rehabilitation (MMR) for chronic pain patients, focusing on occupation-oriented measures. A secondary aim was to study how the individual rehabilitation plans had been carried out and implemented during 1 year after MMR. A multiple methods approach with quantitative and qualitative data was used. The quantitative part was descriptive and examined whether the rehabilitation plans were carried out, the number of recommendations in each plan and the type of measures suggested. The qualitative part constituted a content analysis of interviews. Vocational rehabilitation was the second most common recommendation for the whole group. The analysis of the interviews resulted in seven categories divided into two main categories: impeding factors and facilitating factors for rehabilitation. The compliance of professionals and external parties with the patients’ rehabilitation plans, and the patients’ positive experience of their change in behaviour, contributed to the completion of the rehabilitation plans. In conclusion, lack of follow-up from the professionals and negative bodily signals inhibited the completion of rehabilitation. Flexibility on the part of professionals and external actors regarding patients’ rehabilitation plans as well as their own positive experiences of striving for change facilitated rehabilitation.

  • 4.
    Nordin, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Nyberg, Andre
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Concurrent validity of a fixated hand-held dynamometer for measuring isometric knee extension strength in adults with congenital heart disease2019In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent validity of a fixated hand-held dynamometer (HHD) in comparison to a load cell in measurement of maximal isometric knee extension force in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) and healthy adults.

    Methods: Fourteen adults with CHD and fourteen healthy adults were included. Each participant was tested three times with each method and the mean of the top two results for each participant and method was used in analysis.

    Results: The agreement between the two methods was excellent in both groups (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC], 95% confidence interval [CI]) 0.98 (0.92–1.00) in the CHD group and ICC 0.99 (0.96–1.00) in the healthy group). There was a small difference of 19.5 Newton or 4.8% (p<.05) between the two methods in the CHD group. No significant difference was seen between the two methods in the healthy group (p>.05).

    Conclusions: The fixated HHD demonstrated excellent concurrent validity when compared to a load cell among adults with CHD as well as in healthy adults. Thus, in a healthy population the methods can be used interchangeably, however, a small difference between the methods is seen in the CHD group.

  • 5.
    Rehn, Börje
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Clinical exercise pathophysiology for physical therapy: Examination, testing, and exercise prescription for movement-related disorders2017In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 116-116Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Stensdotter, Ann-Katrin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Department of Health Education and Social Work Physiotherapy, Sör-Trönderlag University College Trondheim.
    Tengman, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Brax Olofsson, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Häger, Charlotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Deficits in single-limb stance more than 20 years after ACL injury2013In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 78-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate the long-term effect on balance during single-limb stance after unilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury across two groups who had rehabilitation including ACL reconstruction (ACLR) or a tailored physiotherapy program (ACLTPP), compared with knee-healthy controls.

    Methods: Single-limb stance was monitored for floor-supports with the contralateral foot. Single-limb stance without floor-supports was assessed with analyses of center of pressure (CoP) for further discrimination. Comparisons were made between ACLR (n = 28) and ACLTPP (n = 28) and with controls (n = 18). The injured and uninjured legs were compared within ACL-injured subjects.

    Results: Single-limb balance was equally inferior in both ACL-injured groups and on both legs compared with knee-healthy controls. In ACLR and ACLTPP, 39% and 50%, respectively, failed to stand on one leg without floor-supports with the contralateral foot. No contralateral supports occurred in knee-healthy controls. CoP measures for subjects who stood without contralateral floor-supports did not reveal any further differences. Older age and higher body mass index (BMI) correlated with larger migration of CoP.

    Conclusion: Inability to stand without contralateral supports showed that balance in single-limb stance was inferior in ACL-injured subjects, independently of which initial treatment that was given. Age and BMI need consideration in studies assessing balance in single-limb stance.

  • 7.
    Tapani, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Singh, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Markova, Magdalena
    Koncalova, Martina
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    An inter-tester reliability and feasibility study of the Manual Physiotherapeutic Correction (MFK) method2017In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 2-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Czech Manual Physiotherapeutic Correction (MFK) Method® was introduced to Swedish physiotherapists. This study evaluated the inter-tester reliability of the manual muscle testing procedure included in the method. The feasibility of the MFK Method®, when used in Sweden, was also investigated.

    Methods: Two Czech physiotherapists, experienced in the MFK Method®, rated performance of the 41 tests included in the manual muscle testing procedure for 20 participants. Cohen’s kappa statistics were performed to evaluate agreement between the raters. When investigating the feasibility of the method, two Swedish physiotherapists used the MFK Method® in the rehabilitation of 10 patients.

    Results: Kappa values varied from −0.06 to 0.84. After adjusting for prevalence of failed tests, 15 of the 41 muscle tests demonstrated values of >0.40. When using the MFK Method® in Sweden, several practical obstacles were found.

    Conclusion: Most of the tests showed low inter-tester reliability. The testing procedure needs to be further standardized and the practical issues solved before the feasibility of the method, when used in Sweden and/or other countries, can be investigated again.

  • 8.
    Vikman Lostelius, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Psychosomatic Medicine Clinic, Västmanland County Council, Västerås, Sweden.
    Ståhle-Öberg, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Habilitation, Västerbotten County Council, Umeå, Sweden.
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Pain in children with cerebral palsy: adolescent siblings’ awareness of pain and perceived influence on their family2019In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 164-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To elucidate the experiences of being an adolescent sibling in a family that includes a child with cerebral palsy (CP) and pain, from the perspectives of siblings and parents.

    Methods: Seven siblings and 10 parents were individually interviewed to systematically analyse the experiences of siblings and parents with children with CP and pain. The interviews were analysed by using qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman.

    Results: The theme ‘Making pain common ground for support’ and three categories combined the non-disabled adolescent sibling and parental experiences of the child’s pain, and point to the need for support of the non-disabled siblings. Dysfunctional coping influences the siblings’ daily life and future health. Siblings wanted closer contact with the Development Centre in order to alleviate their negative emotions.

    Conclusions: As Development Centre physiotherapists meet the families to the child with CP, they can be a link to the sibling. Physiotherapists can educate siblings on pain and how to better cope with stress and emotional discomfort caused by their sibling’s CP and pain.

  • 9.
    Wahlberg, Martina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Zingmark, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Municipality of Östersund, Health and Social Care Administration, Östersund, Sweden.
    Stenberg, Gunilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy.
    Munkholm, Michaela
    Rasch analysis of the EQ-5D-3L and the EQ-5D-5L in persons with back and neck pain receiving physiotherapy in a primary care context2019In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-3L and the EQ-5D-5L in patients with back and neck pain.

    Materials and methods: Participants from two independent clinical survey studies was included in this study. In total 164 participants were answering either the EQ-5D-3L or the EQ-5D-5L after their visit to a physiotherapist in primary care for back and neck pain. Rasch analysis was performed to measure the psychometric properties of the two instruments.

    Main findings: Overall, the EQ-5D-5L showed preliminary evidence of good psychometric properties. The items in both the EQ-5D-5L and the EQ-5D-3L showed acceptable goodness-of-fit indicating unidimensionality for both instruments measuring the concept health-related quality of life. All test persons fit the model, but the person separation reliability and person separation index were only barely acceptable for the EQ-5D-5L.

    Conclusions: The results indicate that the EQ-5D-5L should be the preferred option when evaluating health-related quality of life with the EQ-5D, especially for patients with back and neck pain.

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