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  • 1.
    Akkerman, V'yacheslav
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Bychkov, Vitaly
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Bastiaans, R. J. M.
    de Goey, L. P. H.
    van Oijen, J. A.
    Eriksson, L. E.
    Flow-flame interaction in a closed chamber2008In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 055107-055121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous studies of flame interaction with a single vortex andrecent simulations of burning in vortex arrays in open tubesdemonstrated the same tendency for the turbulent burning rate$\propto U_{rms}\lambda^{2/3}$, where  $U_{rms}$ is theroot-mean-square velocity and $\lambda$ is the vortex size. Here itis demonstrated that this tendency is not universal for turbulentburning. Flame interaction with vortex arrays is investigated forthe geometry of a closed burning chamber using direct numericalsimulations of the complete set of gas-dynamic combustion equations.Various initial conditions in the chamber are considered, includinggas at rest and several systems of vortices of different intensitiesand sizes. It is found that the burning rate in a closed chamber(inverse burning time) depends strongly on the vortex intensity; atsufficiently high intensities it increases with $U_{rms}$approximately linearly in agreement with the above tendency. On thecontrary, dependence of the burning rate on the vortex size isnon-monotonic and qualitatively different from the law$\lambda^{2/3}$. It is shown that there is an optimal vortex size ina closed chamber, which provides the fastest total burning rate. Inthe present work the optimal size is 6 times smaller than thechamber height.

  • 2.
    Akkerman, Vyacheslav
    et al.
    Princeton University.
    Law, Chung
    Princeton University.
    Bychkov, Vitaly
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Eriksson, Lars-Erik
    CTH.
    Analysis of flame acceleration induced by wall friction in open tubes2010In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 22, p. 053606-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spontaneous flame acceleration leading to explosion triggering in open tubes/channels due to wall friction was analytically and computationally studied. It was first demonstrated that the acceleration is affected when the thermal expansion across the flame exceeds a critical value depending on the combustion configuration. For the axisymmetric flame propagation in cylindrical tubes with both ends open, a theory of the initial (exponential) stage of flame acceleration in the quasi-isobaric limit was developed and substantiated by extensive numerical simulation of the hydrodynamics and combustion with an Arrhenius reaction. The dynamics of the flame shape, velocity, and acceleration rate, as well as the velocity profile ahead and behind the flame, have been determined.

  • 3.
    Alkhabbaz, Mohammed
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, USA.
    Abidakun, Olatunde
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, USA.
    Valiev, Damir
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics. Center for Combustion Energy, Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education of China, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
    Akkerman, V’yacheslav
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, USA.
    Impact of the Lewis number on finger flame acceleration at the early stage of burning in channels and tubes2019In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 31, no 8, article id 083606Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For premixed combustion in channels and tubes with one end open, when a flame is ignited at the centerline at the closed end of the pipe and it propagates toward the open one, significant flame acceleration occurs at an early stage of the combustion process due to formation of a finger-shaped flame front. This scenario is tagged “finger flame acceleration” (FFA), involving an initially hemispherical flame kernel, which subsequently acquires a finger shape with increasing surface area of the flame front. Previous analytical and computational studies of FFA employed a conventional assumption of equidiffusivity when the thermal-to-mass-diffusivity ratio (the Lewis number) is unity (Le = 1). However, combustion is oftentimes nonequidiffusive (Le ≠ 1) in practice such that there has been a need to identify the role of Le in FFA. This demand is addressed in the present work. Specifically, the dynamics and morphology of the Le ≠ 1 flames in two-dimensional (2D) channels and cylindrical tubes are scrutinized by means of the computational simulations of the fully compressible reacting flow equations, and the role of Le is identified. Specifically, the Le > 1 flames accelerate slower as compared with the equidiffusive ones. In contrast, the Le < 1 flames acquire stronger distortion of the front, experience the diffusional-thermal combustion instability, and thereby accelerate much faster than the Le = 1 flames. In addition, combustion in a cylindrical configuration shows stronger FFA than that under the same burning conditions in a 2D planar geometry.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Paul
    et al.
    FFA, the Aeronautical Research Institute of Sweden, Bromma.
    Berggren, Martin
    FFA, the Aeronautical Research Institute of Sweden, Bromma.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    FFA, the Aeronautical Research Institute of Sweden, Bromma.
    Optimal disturbances and bypass transition in boundary layers1999In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 134-150Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Ugarte, Orlando
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6106, USA.
    Bychkov, Vitaly
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Sadek, Jad
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6106, USA.
    Valiev, Damir
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics. Center for Combustion Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
    Akkerman, V’yacheslav
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6106, USA.
    Critical role of blockage ratio for flame acceleration in channels with tightly spaced obstacles2016In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 28, no 9, article id 093602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A conceptually laminar mechanism of extremely fast flame acceleration in obstructed channels, identified by Bychkov et al. ["Physical mechanism of ultrafast flame acceleration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 164501 (2008)], is further studied by means of analytical endeavors and computational simulations of compressible hydrodynamic and combustion equations. Specifically, it is shown how the obstacles length, distance between the obstacles, channel width, and thermal boundary conditions at the walls modify flamepropagation through a comb-shaped array of parallel thin obstacles. Adiabatic and isothermal (cold and preheated) side walls are considered, obtaining minor difference between these cases, which opposes the unobstructed channel case, where adiabatic and isothermal walls provide qualitatively different regimes offlame propagation. Variations of the obstructed channel width also provide a minor influence on flamepropagation, justifying a scale-invariant nature of this acceleration mechanism. In contrast, the spacing between obstacles has a significant role, although it is weaker than that of the blockage ratio (defined as the fraction of the channel blocked by obstacles), which is the key parameter of the problem. Evolution of the burning velocity and the dependence of the flame acceleration rate on the blockage ratio are quantified. The critical blockage ratio, providing the limitations for the acceleration mechanism in channels with comb-shaped obstacles array, is found analytically and numerically, with good agreement between both approaches. Additionally, this comb-shaped obstacles-driven acceleration is compared to finger flameacceleration and to that produced by wall friction.

  • 6.
    Valiev, Damir
    et al.
    Princeton University.
    Bychkov, Vitaly
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Akkerman, Vyacheslav
    Princeton University.
    Eriksson, Lars-Erik
    CTH.
    Law, Chung K.
    Princeton University.
    Quasi-steady stages in the process of premixed flame acceleration in narrow channels2013In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 25, no 9, p. 096101-Article in journal (Refereed)
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