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  • 1.
    Eimermann, Marco
    Örebro universitet.
    Promoting Swedish countryside in the Netherlands: international rural place marketing to attract new residents2015In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 398-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban-to-rural consumption-led mobility contributes to restructuring stagnating rural areas in Europe. Against this background, this article explores international rural place-marketing efforts by Swedish municipalities towards affluent western European migrants, exemplified by campaigns in the Netherlands. The analysis is based on the concepts of rural place marketing and lifestyle migration. Research methods employed in this article are observation and a survey during migration information meetings, followed by interviews with both stakeholders and migrants. The results suggest that rural municipalities with less favourable or unfavourable geographic conditions are the most actively engaged in international place-marketing efforts. Participation in migration information meetings and the Internet are the most commonly used communication strategies. The engaged municipalities are selective in their consideration of target groups. Attracting even a few of the 'right type' of migrants (i.e. families and entrepreneurs from affluent countries) over the course of some years contributes considerably to maintaining a small municipality's population and economic viability. However, although stakeholders claim that the marketing efforts have been effective and statistics point out that the number of Dutch migrants has increased, it is hard to distinguish the effect of rural place-marketing campaigns from the myriad possibilities for migrants to gather information about potential destination areas. Therefore, regional policy makers may consider shifting their focus to actively receiving potential migrants who are in the final stage of their decision process.

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    How do regional economies respond to crises?: The geography of job creation and destruction in Sweden (1990–2010)2017In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 87-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By means of Swedish longitudinal micro-data, the aim of this paper is to analyse how regional economies respond to crises. This is made possible by linking gross employment flows to the notion of regional resilience. Our findings indicate that despite a steady national employment growth, only the three metropolitan regions have fully recovered from the recession of 1990. Further, we can show evidence of high levels of job creation and destruction in both declining and expanding regions and sectors, and that the creation of jobs is mainly attributable to employment growth in incumbent firms, while job destruction is primarily due to exits and micro-plants. Although the geography of resistance to crises and the ability of adaptability in the aftermath vary, our findings suggest that cohesive (i.e., with many skill-related industries) and diverse (i.e., with a high degree of unrelated variety) regions are more resilient over time. We also find that resistance to future shocks (e.g., the 2008 recession) is highly dependent on the resistance to previous crises. In all, this suggests that the long-term evolution of regional economies also influences their future resilience.

  • 3.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Return to where?: The geography of elderly return migration in Sweden2015In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 92-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are considerable regional differences when it comes to age composition, as rural areas are ageing more rapidly as a result of age-selective migration. Eras of urbanization and counter-urbanization are also making their mark on migration patterns from a long-term perspective. The current generation approaching retirement age in Sweden is a generation of urbanization, thereby constituting a potential for return migration, especially to some rural regions many people of this generation left decades ago. The aim of this paper is to compare rates of return migration in municipalities in Sweden in order to identify regions where return migration is particularly important, and also to identify which regions are the most attractive for return migration. The empirical study is based on Swedish register data, and the results indicate that the rate of return migration varies considerably between regions; some are more attractive for return migration, yet return migrants might be most significant in the regions that attract few other migrants. Another conclusion is that the regions that lost a greater share of this generation on account of previous migration often fail to attract return migrants.

  • 4.
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Musterd, Sako
    Stepniak, Marcin
    Where the grass is greener: social segregation in three major Polish cities at the beginning of the 21st century2012In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 383-403Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe a range of segregation studies can be found in the North, West and South, but hardly any in Central Eastern Europe - a region where the major economic and political changes induced by the demise of socialism in 1989 contributed to new social divisions and related spatial patterns. However, these changes have not been uniform and have resulted in context-specific outcomes. Relying on data on the socio-occupational structure of the population from the National Census 2002 at the census tract scale, this article explores the levels and patterns of social segregation in three major Polish cities: Lodz, Cracow and Warsaw, urban areas that reflect divergent paths of more and less successful post-socialist transformations. This contribution concludes that, more than a decade after the demise of socialism, census tracts still generally contained populations that were heterogeneous with regard to socio-occupational status and that socioeconomic transformations in Poland and the social toll these processes involved have not yet been fully translated into intra-urban spaces.

  • 5.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ideology, Environment and Forced Relocation: Kiruna – a Town on the Move2010In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 433-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Kiruna, a small town in the north of Sweden, is facing a major change because an expanding mining industry is threatening the town. The iron ore body runs under the central parts of the town and continued mining will cause that area to collapse. Therefore, the municipality of Kiruna (Kiruna kommun) has, under the influence of the mining company LKAB (Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara Aktiebolag), decided to relocate parts of the town a few miles to the north-west. The relocation plans have attracted a great deal of attention in both national and international media. This article examines the ideological bias that characterizes various opinions in relation to the relocation plans, and especially the views of those in favour of the move, the mining company and the majority of the municipality of Kiruna. ‘Ideology’, both as a concept and as a perspective, is used in an analysis of how some specific ‘truths’ regarding the relocation are produced. Furthermore, I argue that the relocation plans are part of an ideological fantasy rooted in the social structure, of which the mining company has historically been a creator. On a more general level, the article deals with democratic processes in the context of an urban transformation.

  • 6.
    Nilsson, Bo
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    'For a living countryside': political rhetoric about Swedish rural areas2018In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 72-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The expression ‘a living countryside’ is often used to characterize the goal of Swedish rural politics. In this article the use of the expression in 170 non-government bills related to Swedish rural politics is analysed using discourse theory. On a general level, the expression was found to be empty of meaning and open for use by different and often opposing political parties proposing different and sometimes antagonistic measures. However, there were aspects of it that flirted with positively charged notions of Swedish national identity. It was also clear that the discursive struggle for a living countryside was also part of a party-political struggle. Further, the fantasy of a living countryside performed an ideological function in that it under-communicated how rural areas are generally and structurally subordinated to urban centres in ways that reach far beyond easily performed measures and political party quarrels.

  • 7.
    Sandow, Erika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Which families move out from metropolitan areas? Counterurban migration and professions in Sweden2019In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to contribute to the ongoing revitalisation of the counterurbanisation research within population geography by nuancing counterurban migration beyond the rural–urban dichotomy, including all moves downwards in the urban hierarchy. The focus is to explore counterurban migration patterns among families with children leaving Swedish metropolitan areas, and whether some groups of skilled professions are more likely to make a counterurban move than others. Using register data on all families moving out from metropolitan areas in Sweden during the period 2003–2013, we found a small but steady outflow of families, mainly to medium-sized or small towns. The highly educated are overrepresented among these families, thus providing potential for an inflow of competence to the receiving areas. Contrary to expected, the assumed flexibility in time and space among knowledge sector professionals does not seem to enable them more than others to pursue counterurban moves. Instead, public sector professionals characterise families making a counterurban move to all destination regions, while men with a profession within arts and crafts to a higher extent move with their family to more rural areas.

  • 8.
    Østbye, Stein
    et al.
    Tromsø University Business School, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Industrial structure, regional productivity and convergence: the case of Norway and Sweden2011In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 47-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are less productive regions catching up with more productive regions? In this paper we investigate the importance of regional industry structure for regional productivity convergence. We use county data for the Scandinavian Peninsula. Norway and Sweden are similar in many respects and the Scandinavian Peninsula therefore represents an attractive natural laboratory with one country inside and another outside the European Union. The data cover five-year intervals from 1980 to 2000 for Norway and from 1985 for Sweden. We find strong productivity convergence between Norwegian counties and weak divergence between Swedish ones. The effect of the industry structure on the spatial distribution of productivity appears to be small in magnitude, but it is qualitatively important. Moreover, the role played by the changing composition of production in the process of economic growth seems to differ over time. By implication, considerable caution should be exercised when undertaking convergence studies based on the commonly used one-sector growth model. More complex models allowing for differences in industry structure, and possibly also other potentially important factors such as wealth effects and transitional dynamics, should be considered.

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