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  • 1.
    Eklund, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Citizens' views on governance in two Swedish city-regions2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 117-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from metropolitan governance theory, this article explores and discusses place-specific institutional preferences among Swedish citizens with regard to city-regional governance. City-regional tendencies in the Swedish political context are described and, specifically, survey data from the Umeå and Göteborg areas in Sweden are utilized in two ways. First, three ideal-typical governance categories are conceptualized drawing on empirical patterns in the survey material. Preferences for the three emergent categories Status Quo, Regionalization, and Consolidation are then tested against independent variables measuring personal resources, sense of place, mobility, political view, and city-regional context. By way of multiple regression analysis, the article concludes with a discussion about some expected and unexpected results. In the final analysis, individual preferences for the three different models of city-regional governance seem to be influenced first and foremost by level of education and sense of place and whether or not the individual resides in a municipality which belongs to the core or to the periphery of the area.

  • 2.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sharing fairly?: mobility, citizenship, and gender relations in two Swedish city-regions2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 82-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the centrality of women's mobility in relation to urban citizenship and how this is influenced by the underlying gender relations. A theoretical framework is developed concerning mobility, citizenship and the gender contract. Focusing on the Swedish situation the relationship between gender, domestic work and commuting is discussed.  Drawing on theories concerning mobility and the concept of gender contract and using the findings from a questionnaire survey, these issues are explored in two Swedish city-regions, Göteborg and Umeå. Focus is on whether, when both in a couple are in paid employment and commute, a more egalitarian gender contract develops where the unpaid domestic work is shared more equally. It concludes that, irrespective of commuting, there continues to be a more traditional gender contract where, despite being in paid employment, the woman continues to be responsible for the brunt of the unpaid domestic labour with the exception of tasks relating to childcare. Here responsibility is more equally shared between both parents, reflecting a strong norm in Swedish society where fathers are also expected to be actively involved with their children.  

  • 3.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Territorial political orientations in Swedish city-regions2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 31-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is concerned with local political orientations of citizens living in city-regions. Initially, a typology is developed in which three orientations are identified — metropolitan, intermunicipal, and municipal. This is followed by an empirical analysis of the occurrence of intermunicipal and municipal political orientations in two Swedish city-regions and how they vary. The analysis shows that the variation to a large extent can be explained by a combination of civic voluntarism, territorial identity, and city-regional integration. In addition, intermunicipal orientations turn out to be most common among suburban dwellers in large city-regions. The results of the study are significant for our understanding of citizenship in city-regions, as well as policy implications because they emphasize the need to develop democratic measures that make it possible for citizens to exert influence over collective matters in the city-region as a whole.

  • 4.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Schaap, Linze
    Department for Politics and Public Administration, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.
    The citizen in city-regions: patterns and variations2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the growth of city-regions, the local citizenship may increasingly become city-regional rather than municipal. This article provides a meta-analysis of the current state of knowledge with regard to general patterns of city-regionalism; that is, citizens' orientations toward political matters in the city-region, beyond one's own municipality. The theoretical framework draws from theories of participation, citizen integration, and democratic scale. The analysis is based on 12 publications, making use of the 8 surveys from 7 countries that have been carried out in the Western world since 2000. The analysis provide support for the theoretical assumptions, but because the data are not directly comparable, conclusions are formulated as hypotheses: It is suggested that city-regionalism is stronger in larger and fragmented city-regions. Further, those living in the suurban municipalities hold stronger intermunicipal interests, attitudes, and identities but those in the core city are more in favor of redistributive regional reform. Finally, city-regionalism is stronger among those who are mobile in the city-region, are better educated, have a general interest in politics, and belong to the political left. The findings have implications for how democratic participation and governance may be organized in city-regions. Further and internationally coordinated studies are required.

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