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  • 1.
    Alex, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Professionell Development.
    Experiences of Well-Being Among Sami and Roma Women in a Swedish Context2013In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 707-726Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim was to explore the experiences of well-being and lack of well-being among middle-aged and older women belonging to two national minority groups in Sweden. Interviews from nine older Sami women and four middle-aged Roma women were analyzed using grounded theory with the following categories identified: contributing to well-being (with the subcategories belonging to a healthy family, being spiritual, cultural norms as health promoting, and having had a life of one's own); and contributing to lack of well-being (with the subcategories living subordinate to the dominant society, living in a hierarchical family, and living in the shadow of tuberculosis.)

  • 2.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Constructions of various femininities among the oldest old women2006In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 27, no 10, p. 853-872Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study forms part of the Ume 85+ Study, and the aim was to explore various gendered constructions of femininities among the oldest old women. Femininities are seen as various ways of shaping oneself as a woman in relation to the impact of historical, social, and cultural circumstances. Thematic narratives were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Through interpreting these narratives in the light of gender theories, we were able to discern four femininities: “being connected,” “being an actor,” “living in the shadow of others,” and “being alienated.” The oldest old women displayed complex outlooks on femininities, and no femininity was interpreted as being in the center related to the other femininities. Further research is needed in order to disclose the complexity of femininities related to factors such as social class, ethnicity, and financial situation among the oldest old, and to acquire a greater knowledge of various femininities.

  • 3.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Allmänmedicin.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Balancing within various discourses: the art of being old and living as a Sami woman.2006In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 27, no 10, p. 873-892Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Briones-Vozmediano, Erica
    et al.
    Vives-Cases, Carmen
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Public Health Research Group, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.
    "I'm not the woman I was": Women's perceptions of the effects of fibromyalgia on private life2016In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 37, no 8, p. 836-854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, we explored how gender shapes women's experiences of living with fibromyalgia and how it affects their private lives. Through thematic analysis of data from 13 in-depth interviews in Spain, we identified seven themes which reflect that these women feel remorse and frustration for not being able to continue to fulfill the gender expectation of caring for others and for the home. This research contributes to a better understanding of what suffering from fibromyalgia implies for women and provides insights into how families and providers can support women with fibromyalgia in order to achieve a beneficial lifestyle.

  • 5.
    Christianson, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    "Not Used But Almost…"-A Gender and Agency Analysis of the Grey Zone Between Consensual and Nonconsensual Sexual Intercourse2015In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 36, no 7, p. 768-783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rape is a widespread but underreported problem among women. In this article I explore the complexities surrounding the fine line between consensual and nonconsensual sexual intercourse, by studying a rape through which a young woman was infected with HIV. I provide an analysis of how to understand and interpret this episode by applying a gender perspective based on patriarchy-namely, women's submissive position in heterosexual situations compared with men-and the concept of agency, that is, the individual's own decision-making ability, own choices, and different courses of action available, to outline the frame of action available to the informant. The inclusion of agency and a gender perspective offers new dimensions on how to understand and give meaning to narratives that are seldom told.

  • 6.
    Christianson, Monica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sex and gender traps and springboards: a focus group study among gender researchers in medicine and health sciences2012In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 33, no 8, p. 739-755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored the difficulties that gender researchers encounter in their research and the strategies they use for solving these problems. Sixteen Swedish researchers, all women, took part in focus group discussions; the data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The problems reported fell into four main categories: the ambiguity of the concepts of sex and gender; traps associated with dichotomization; difficulties with communication; and issues around publication. Categories of suggested problem-solving strategies were adaptation, pragmatism, addressing the complexities, and definition of terms. Here the specific views of gender researchers in medicine and health sciences-"medical insiders"-bring new challenges into focus.

  • 7.
    Forssén, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Carlstedt, Gunilla
    Health-promoting aspects of a paid job: findings in a qualitative interview study with elderly women in Sweden2007In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 28, no 10, p. 909-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Forssén, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Carlstedt, Gunilla
    “You really do something useful with kids”: mothering and experienced health and illness in a group of elderly Swedish women2008In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 29, no 10, p. 1019-1039Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Forssén, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Carlstedt, Gunilla
    Mörtberg, Christina M
    Department of Informatics/Centre of Women's Studies and Gender Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Compulsive sensitivity - a consequence of caring: a qualitative investigation into women carer's difficulties in limiting their labours2005In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 26, no 8, p. 652-71Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Essén, Birgitta
    Wijewardena, Kumudu
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Pia
    Negotiating Respectability: Migrant Women Workers' Perceptions on Relationships and Sexuality in Free Trade Zones in Sri Lanka2014In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 658-676Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration has implication for women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Our purpose with this study was to explore unmarried migrant women's perception on relationships and sexuality in the context of Sri Lankan Free Trade Zones. Sixteen semi-structured qualitative interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. We found that the women's perceptions were influenced by gendered hegemonic notions of respectability and virginity. Complex gender relations both worked in favour of, and against, women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Programs for improvement of migrant women's health should be informed by contextualised analysis of gender relations with its various dimensions and levels.

  • 11. Karim, KM Rabiul
    et al.
    Emmelin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Resurreccion, Bernadette P
    Wamala, Sarah
    Water development projects and marital violence: experiences from rural Bangladesh2012In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 200-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we explored the implications of a groundwater development project on women's workload and their experience of marital violence in a Bangladesh village. We believe that the project facilitated irrigation water but also that it resulted in seasonal domestic water shortages. Men used deep motorized pumps for irrigation, and women used shallow handpumps for domestic purposes. Many handpumps dried out, so women had to walk to distant wells. This increased their workload and challenged their possibilities of fulfilling household obligations, thereby increasing the risk of normative marital male violence against women as a punishment for their failure.

  • 12.
    Laisser, Rose M
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Lugina, Helen I
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Nyström, Lennarth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Emmelin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Striving to make a difference: health care worker experiences with intimate partner violence clients in Tanzania2009In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 30, no 1-2, p. 64-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we describe health care workers' (HCWs') experiences and perceptions of meeting clients exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV). Qualitative content analysis of in-depth interviews from 16 informants resulted in four main themes. The first, "internalizing women's suffering and powerlessness," describes HCWs' perceptions of violence, relating it to gender relations. The second, "caught between encouraging disclosure and lack of support tools," refers to views on possibilities for transparency and openness. The third, "Why bother? A struggle to manage with limited resources," illustrates the consequences of a heavy workload. Last; "striving to make a difference," emphasizes a desire to improve abilities to support clients and advocate for prevention.

  • 13.
    Lehti, Arja
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Johansson, Eva E
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Danielsson, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    "The Western gaze": An analysis of medical research publications concerning the expressions of depression, focusing on ethnicity and gender2010In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 100-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim of this study was to explore how authors of medical articles wrote about different symptoms and expressions of depression in men and women from various ethnic groups as well as to analyze the meaning of gender and ethnicity for expressions of depression. A database search was carried out using PubMed. Thirty articles were identified and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Approaches differ with regard to how depression is described and interpreted in different cultures in relation to illness complaints, illness meaning, and diagnosis of depression. Articles often present issues based on a Western point of view. This may lead to “cultural or gender gaps,” which we refer to as “the Western gaze,” which may in turn influence the diagnosis of depression.

  • 14. Muganyizi, Projestine Selestine
    et al.
    Nyström, Lennarth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Emmelin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Massawe, Siriel
    Axemo, Pia
    Effect of supporter characteristics on expression of negative social reactions toward rape survivors in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania2010In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 668-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a community representative sample of 1,505 adults we examined interpretations of rape situations in order to establish attitudes toward rape. We assessed their intentions to express negative social reactions (NSRs) toward rape survivors. We then determined effects of attitudinal and sociodemographic characteristics in logistic regression models assessing the odds of expressing NSRs. Being old, male, and Muslim, and failing to interpret the legal circumstances of rape increased their risks of expressing NSRs. The degree of interpretation of lack of consent as rape affected their intentions to express NSRs, but not how they responded to survivors of different social status.

  • 15.
    Norberg, Monika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Magnusson, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Thyme, Karin Egberg
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Institutionen för Omvårdnad, kultur och hälsa, Universitet West, Trollhättan.
    Lindh, Jack
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Öster, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Breast Cancer Survivorship: Intersecting Gendered Discourses in a 5-Year Follow-Up Study2015In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 617-633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we present a follow-up study of women's interview narratives about life five to seven years after a breast cancer operation. The women had taken part in a study during the six-month post-operation period. Art therapy contributed to well-being, including strengthening personal boundaries. In the new study, interview analysis informed by critical discursive psychology indicated three problematic discourses that the women still struggled with several years after the operation: the female survivor, the "good woman", individual responsibility. We concluded that many women with a history of breast cancer need support several years after their medical treatment is finished.

  • 16.
    Söderholm, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Söderberg, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The experience of living with sensory hyperreactivity: accessibility, financial security, and social relationships2011In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 686-707Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Odor intolerance is a frequently reported problem, predominantly among women. Our purpose was to illuminate how individuals living with sensory hyperreactivity (SHR; a form of odor intolerance) experience its impact on accessibility, financial security, and social relationships. Data were collected by having 12 women with SHR write descriptive texts. These texts were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Six themes were identified: Being limited in participating in society, being forced to behave incompatibly with one’s personality, experiencing lack of understanding and respect from others, experiencing insecurity, being dependent on others, and being forced to choose between the plague and cholera.

  • 17. Wagman, Jennifer A
    et al.
    King, Elizabeth J
    Namatovu, Fredinah
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Kiwanuka, Deus
    Kairania, Robert
    Semanda, John Baptist
    Nalugoda, Fred
    Serwadda, David
    Wawer, Maria J
    Gray, Ronald
    Brahmbhatt, Heena
    Combined Intimate Partner Violence and HIV/AIDS Prevention in Rural Uganda: Design of the SHARE Intervention Strategy2016In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 362-385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) has a bidirectional relationship with HIV infection. Researchers from the Rakai Health Sciences Program (RHSP), an HIV research and services organization in rural Uganda, conducted a combination IPV and HIV prevention intervention called the Safe Homes and Respect for Everyone (SHARE) Project between 2005 and 2009. SHARE was associated with significant declines in physical and sexual IPV and overall HIV incidence, and its model could be adopted as a promising practice in other settings. In this article we describe how SHARE's IPV-prevention strategies were integrated into RHSP's existing HIV programming and provide recommendations for replication of the approach.

1 - 17 of 17
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