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  • 1.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Recension av David Thorséns avhandling Aidsepidemin I Sverige2013Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Den moraliska kroppen: Opponentrecension av Maja Larson, Den moraliska kroppen: Tolkningar av kön och individualitet i 1800 -talets populärmedicin2003Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Bränström Öhman, Annelie
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Arkivets "tiderum": Om Sara Lidmans skuggtexter2013Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 193-211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The time-space of the archive: on the shadow texts of Sara Lidman

     

    As a place for scientific research the archive may be stationary or mobile – or even a virtual site. Alongside its function as a source for empirical study, the archive holds several other crucial qualities which highlight the complexity of all epistemological endeavour, including its metaphorical or symbolical aspects. Thus, ”archive” or ”archival” has been frequently used keywords in recent debate and research, from feminist theory to art theory. Jacques Derrida’s striking metaphor of ”mal d’archive” – archive fever – has been followed by several more or less related thought figures, such as Sara Ahmed’s image of  ”the Unhappy Archives of Feminist Theory” och Ann Cvetkovich’ ”Archive of Feelings” has been most influential.

        However, among archives, an author’s archive always holds an exceptional position, located as it is on the treshold between private, personal and public. Remaining objects, imprints of intimate articulations of emotions in diaries and letters are systematized side by side, often in chronological order, with manuscripts, drafts, articles etc. As such, an author’s diary never tells just one story – but shelters the potential of many, written and unwritten; manifest or hidden. In this way an author’s archive can be said to form a ”time-space” of its own, where the material layerings of memories, narrative patterns and lived experiences which both resists and challenges archival ordering principles.

       Taking its departure from the archive of Swedish novelist Sara Lidman (1923-2004), the aim of this article is to reflect on the encounter between the researcher and the author in an archival context. The methodological and stylistic approach is experimental, making use of personal diary writing as a means to enfold the tactile and sensual aspects of the ”archival experience”. The article thus wants to argue that archival research must be recognized as an emotional as well as epistemological and intellectual practice.

  • 4.
    Christer, Nordlund
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Full gas mot en (o)hållbar framtid2012Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 244-251Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Arkivfantasier: begäret till ett dokumenterat förflutet som ett problem inför framtiden2013Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 229-239Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    As most historians are well aware, an archive is always founded with the future in mind. Even though most archives do not exist for the historian, they have a bureaucratic function directed towards guaranteeing a "recollection" of a certain institutional organization and societal status quo. However, even the most radical and social constructivist of historians tends to foreclose this obvious notion in her quest for hermeneutical understanding. Through a critical analysis of a quote from the art exhibition "Lost and found. Queering the archive", this article suggests a problematization of the common use and definition of the archive based on a radical (non-)historiography where neither the future, nor history, can serve as legitimate ontologies for research or identity claims.

  • 6.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    "The queer disappearance of Butler": När Judith Butler introducerades i svensk feministisk forskning, 1990-20022008Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Gengas och ohälsa: den medicinsk-vetenskapliga kontroversen kring kronisk koloxidförgiftning 1944-19612010Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 61-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic carbon monoxide poisoning as a contested disease 1944–1961. By Helena Ekerholm. During World War II, wood gas became the primary fuel for Swedish motorists. Although reliable as an emergency fuel, wood gas caused concern due to its high percentage of carbon monoxide, leading to acute and chronic carbon monoxide poisoning mainly among workers in the transport sector. Chronic carbon monoxide poisoning became an intensely debated diagnosis within the medical community. The article discusses this controversy with specific regard to Thomas Gieryn’s boundary theory and the concept of culture-bound diseases in Sweden primarily associated with Karin Johannisson’s research in the field of the history of medicine. Source material includes medical scientific publications and archive material from a state research centre handling chronic carbon monoxide poisoning. Politically the diagnosis reached high credibility, but within the medical profession the diagnosis and its clinical practice were criticised. Symptoms were diffuse and included general fatigue, headache, vertigo, sleeping problems, apathy and decreased libido. Doctors diagnosing patients with chronic carbon monoxide poisoning had primarily to rely on patients’ own descriptions of their ailments, although some clinical tests were also executed. The first clinic specifically aimed at carbon monoxide poisoning, Sabbatsbergs gengasklinik, received criticism for over-diagnosing. The clinic was accused of creating a wood gas scare in the Stockholm region and causing an epidemic of imagined chronic monoxide poisoning, spurred on by extensive writings in the popular press. The controversy concerned problems of discerning those who were considered to be “objectively ill” from those who through fear had induced chronic carbon monoxide poisoning upon themselves. Notions of working-class masculinity, boundaries between physical and mental illness as well as a clash of interests between the labour movement, national social insurance offices and private enterprise are some of the facets within a complex controversy ultimately focused on drawing boundaries between legitimate and illegitimate patient demands and achieving epistemic authority.

  • 8.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Recension av Svensk snillrikhet? Nationella föreställningar om entreprenörer och teknisk begåvning 1800-20002015Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 258-259Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Review of Boel Berner's Blodflöden. Blodgivning och blodtransfusion i det svenska samhället.2014Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 213-214Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Espmark, Kristina
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Lolck, Maiken: Klima, kold krig og iskerner2007Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 361-363Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Johansson, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Monstret och människan2011Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 288-292Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Recension av Soveig Jülich, Skuggor av sanning2004Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 324-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Larsson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rec. av Bosse Holmqvist, ”Individens tidsålder är förbi”: Några nedslag i femtiotalets människosyn2005Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Larsson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rec. av Per G. Andreen, Gösta Bagge som samhällsbyggare: kommunalpolitiker, socialpolitiker, ecklesiastikminister2000Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Liliequist, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ära, dygd och manlighet. Strategier for social prestige i 1600- och 1700-talets Sverige.:  2009Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 117-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Honour, virtue and manliness. Strategies for social prestige in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Sweden.

    The perspective of hegemonic masculinity has played an important role in sociological and historical analyses of male power and dominance, but the concept has also been criticised for being static, deterministic and not in phase with the recent development of feminist theories and key concepts like discourse and performativity. The influences from a more discursive perspective associated with the “cultural turn”, has at the same time been criticised for distancing the historical analysis from men’s lived experience. Cultural codes and representations have become the “real thing”, leaving men’s actual doings and feelings aside. Individual experience, subjectivity and emotions are now advocated as new key subjects for historical analyses, but what about masculinity? The question “what should historians do with masculinity” once asked by the British historian John Tosh twenty five years ago, has become more actual than ever. In this article it will be argued that a rhetorical perspective could offer a possibility for studying both cultural representations and subjective experiences. Three concepts stand in the foreground for the analysis – “honour”, “manliness” and “virtue”. It is suggested that these concepts not only represented crucial aspects of a man’s social esteem in early modern Sweden but also formed the basis for different personal and collective strategies in claiming and upholding male prestige and power. Examples will be given to show how these concepts were used, mobilized, adjusted and given slightly new meanings in social practice by different agents and for different purposes. It is further suggested that allusions to unmanliness played a central role in the social rhetoric of prestige and power. Three significant social strategies with varying outcomes will be described  – the discrediting of duels and private combats as a source of  honour and proof of manliness; the upgrading of civil virtues and industry as honourable and manly; and the condemnation of wife-beating as shameful and a failed proof of manliness.

  • 16. Niskanen, Kirsti
    et al.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Humanvetenskaplig internationalisering som ideal och praktik: en introduktion2018Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 195-198Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalising the Swedish Human Sciences in Theory and Practice, 1920–1970

  • 17.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Hormoner och visioner i mellankrigstid: Louis Bermans idéer om möjligheten att förädla mänskligheten2004Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 165-206Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the first half of the twentieth century, hormones took pride of place as life’s master molecules, and the endocrinologist took precedence over the geneticist as the scientist offering the means to control life. But, as with genetics and biotechnology today, the status of endocrinology was not only based on contemporary scientific and medical practices but also, to a high degree, on expectations, or visions, about what endocrinologists would be able to do ”in the future”. Inspired by the research field social studies of techno-scientific expectations, the aim of this article is to explore some of the great expectations that were connected to the development of endocrinology in the 1930s. The analysis is based on popular books written by the American endocrinologist Louis Berman, who worked in New York City most of his life, part time at Columbia University. In 1921, Berman reached fame for his book The glands regulating personality, which was a study of the glands of internal secretion in relation to what Berman called the ”types of human nature”. In the journal Science, Berman later named his approach ”psycho-endocrinology”. In the 1930s, Berman not only argued that it was possible to understand human nature through hormone analysis, but that endocrinologists would also be able to control and ”improve” human nature by using hormone therapy. Furthermore, in contrast to most of the eugenics of his time, Berman suggested that the whole population of the world should be improved, not only humans within a specific race or in specific nations. As a political activist of the 1930s, Berman wanted to contribute to the development of new creations in human beings, ”ideal normal persons”, and thereby to reach an ”ideal society”. That such large-scale hormone replacement therapy could involve risks, such as side effects, was something that Berman seems not to have taken into account.

  • 18.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Motiv för vetenskapshistoria: Civilisationsdiagnos, vetenskapsanalys och kunskapsöversättning2012Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 207-231Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    On Reasons for the History of Science. This essay addresses the basic question, “Why study the history of science?” and the way historians and other scholars from Europe and the USA have responded to it in textbooks, programmatic articles and lectures over the last hundred years. In addition to general statements – that the humanities as a whole contribute to the understanding of mankind, or that disciplines of this kind are important simply for their own sake – the author suggests that answers to this question can be grouped into three types of motives under the categories “Diagnosis of Civilisation”, “Analysis of Science”, and “Translation of Knowledge”. According to these motives, history of science is a valuable scholarly enterprise because it has the potential to contribute to (1) the understanding of certain aspects of historical and cultural development, hence putting contemporary society and some of its major challenges in perspective; (2) the examination of the nature and dynamics of science as practice, which in the end may benefit contemporary science; and (3) the communication of knowledge about science and research, notably to policy makers and the wider public, thus making science and the academic system more transparent. The lofty status of science in society, and the need for a reflexive and critical perspective on this status, may today be regarded as a fundamental premise for all these motives.

  • 19.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rec. av Jacob Ries, retten, magten or aeren: Lage Koch Sagen – en strid om Grönlands geologiske udforskning2004Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 311-312Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Rec. av John V. Pickstone, Ways of Knowing: a new history of science, technology and medicine2005Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 418-419Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 21.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rec. av Nils Uddenberg, Idéer om livet: en biologihistoria2004Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 312-315Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rec. av Patricia Fara. Science: A Four Thousand Year History2011Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 319-320Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Vätgas och visioner: (rec. av Martin Hultman, Full gas mot en (o)hållbar framtid: Förväntningar på bränsleceller och vätgas 1978–2005 i relation till svensk energi- och miljöpolitik)2012Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 244-251Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Backman, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rec. av Stig Örjan Ohlsson & Siiri Tomingas-Joandi (red.), Den otidsenlige Urban Hiärne: Föredrag från det internationella Hiärne-symposiet i Saadjärv, 31 augusti-4 september 20052009Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 390-391Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rec. av Edward J. Hackett, Olga Amsterdamska, Michael Lynch & Judy Wajcman (eds.), The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, 3 ed.2009Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 385-387Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Wangefelt Ström, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Heligt, hotfullt, historiskt : kulturarvifieringen av det katolska i 1600-talets Sverige2011Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 29-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Heligt – Hotfullt – Historiskt: Kulturarvifieringen av det katolska i 1600-talets Sverige

    Helena Wangefelt Ström

    Abstract

    This article aims at bringing together two concepts with many similarities, heritage and sacredness, using theories presently under construction in an international and interdisciplinary research field dealing with heritage production, politics and power. Focus is on the process and the agenda more than the product, and particularly on the transvaluation taking place when something is given a heritage status: the form is intact, but the content is new and different. These theories are applied on a 17th century Swedish national inquiry for historical remains or ”antiquities”, ordered by the King and performed by the local clergy, an inquiry where not only the expected and specifically requested runic stones, pre-historic graves or famous battle fields were listed, but in many cases also far more recent Catholic items and memories, thus transformed from sacred objects to a part of the national heritage. The hypothesis presented and argued for is that this listing and, in fact, heritage production also worked as an act of control and domestication of the potentially dangerous: the threatening, former sacred, was made harmless when – literally or figuratively – locked up in a museum case.

  • 27.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Att fostra journalister2012Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 256-260Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    ”Forskningen om individ och samhälle måste internationaliseras”: Alva Myrdals samhällsvetenskapliga internationalism 1950–19552018Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 235-254Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Early post-World War II international social science was marked by paradoxical tendencies. On the one hand it experienced a rapid expansion underblown by a new optimistic internationalism. On the other hand, many of the initiatives taken were increasingly affected by emerging Cold War tensions. Embedded in these cross-currents of internationalism and geopolitics, UNESCO’s Department of Social Sciences (SSD) played a key role. The aim of this article is to analyze Alva Myrdal’s social scientific internationalism during her term as Director of UNESCO’s SSD, 1950–1955, in the context of other contemporary ideas on international social science. Empirically centred around fifteen key texts by Myrdal, the article argues: first, that a relatively distinct core in Myrdal’s view on international social science can be discerned; second, that her social scientific internationalism by large were in line with the previous and dominating views within UNESCO’s SSD, but also that Myrdal introduced and advocated a more interdisciplinary, applied and polycentric approach to international social science; third, that some discrete but important displacements can be discerned – in spite of the short period – over time.

  • 29.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hasselberg, Ylva: Industrisamhällets förkunnare: Eli Heckscher, Arthur Montgomery, Bertil Boëthius och svensk ekonomisk historia 1920–19502009Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 394-395Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Mellan nation och omvärld2011Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 297-301Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Politisk vetenskap och vetenskaplig politik2003Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 304-309Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Visioner om medborgerliga publiker2013Ingår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, s. 282-287Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
1 - 32 av 32
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