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  • 1.
    Bergsgard, Nils Asle
    et al.
    Department of Sports, Physical Education and Outdoor Studies, University College of Southeast Norway, Bø, Norway.
    Borodulin, Katja
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Health Monitoring Unit, Helsinki, Finland.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Høyer-Kruse, Jens
    Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Bundgård Iversen, Evald
    Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    National structures for building and managing sport facilities: a comparative analysis of the Nordic countries2019In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 525-539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport facilities are instrumental in keeping the population fit and healthy. Governments worldwide are thus engaged in devising policies, programs and projects for building such facilities, with the aim of providing citizens with opportunities for a healthy lifestyle. This feature is prominent in the Nordic countries, which have incorporated sport, leisure and physical activity into their universal welfare models. Understanding policies and politics for building sports facilities has therefore become a cornerstone in the understanding of conditions for sport and physical activity for all. In this paper, we investigate and compare the national structures for building and managing sports facilities in the Nordic countries, in order to add to the understanding of how policies and politics for building sport facilities can add to or hamper the sport-for-all ambitions salient in most of today’s western societies.

  • 2.
    Ferry, Magnus
    et al.
    GIH, Stockholm.
    Meckbach, Jane
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
    School sport in Sweden: what is it, and how did it come to be?2013In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 805-818Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish sports model has traditionally meant that schools are responsible for all children's and young people's physical education, while the sports movement is responsible for the voluntary training and competition in sport. In recent years, this model seems to have changed since schools increasingly offers training in sports during the school day, school sport. This article describes the development of the Swedish school sport system in relation to major school reforms during the last three decades; reforms that have meant that the school system has been decentralized and market-adapted. This article also argues that sport under the period has gained a new meaning for schools. The main conclusions are that societal changes have enabled the sports movement an increased influence on school sport and that the Swedish sports model has changed. In particular, the ideological distinction between school physical education and voluntary competitive sport has been challenged.

  • 3.
    Söderström, Tor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ferry, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yu, Jun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Athletic ability in childhood and adolescence as a predictor of participation in non-elite sports in young adulthood2018In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, no 11, p. 1686-1703Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we contribute to the discussion on factors affecting adult participation in organized sport. To this end, we examine whether explanations regarding sport expertise can also add to the understanding of non-elite-level sport participation in young adulthood. Results from questionnaires (n = 572) revealed that date of birth and early sport debut positively correlated to strong sport performance during childhood, which, in turn, were correlated to strong sport performance and being selected for talent groups during adolescence. Finally, strong sport performance during adolescence was positively correlated to sports club membership as young adults. As relative age effects seem to remain throughout childhood and adolescence, we conclude that the underlying variable that affects the selection process and sport participation in young adulthood is date of birth. The results indicate that being active in sport as young adults is contingent on sport-specific variables previously not investigated in research on sport participation.

  • 4.
    Wickman, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Holm, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    The relationship between physical activity and self-efficacy in children with disabilities2018In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 50-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether self-efficacy in children with disabilities could be strengthened through targeted and adapted physical activities led by specially educated leaders. Children and Youth Physical Self-Perception Profile (CY-PSPP) scale were used. The study includes 45 children of 8–14 years of age with different types of impairments. The children participated in training sessions twice a week and tried out 13 different physical activities during eight months. The median in this study of total self-efficacy was 104 points, which can be compared to median points varying between 100 and 107 in previous studies based on children without disabilities. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant increase of the means in four out of six different domains of self-efficacy before and after the study was carried out. Key findings indicated that this model is successful in strengthening the children’s self-efficacy and that their perceived self-efficacy was equal to that of children without disabilities.

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