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  • 1.
    Burman, Monica
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiskt forum.
    Blaming violent men - A challenge to the Swedish criminal law on provocation2014Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, s. 88-95Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminists have long criticized how provocations narrative of a woman 'asking for it' functions as a legal 'abuse excuse' for violent men and confirms their rationalizations and justifications for violence. This article aims to challenge a particular aspect of provocation in Swedish criminal law namely, a tendency to individualize and subjectivize culpability in a way that suggests that the individual male perpetrator's specific understanding of his violence should be the perspective from which to understand and judge his violence. Criminal legal culpability is approached as an important aspect in the relationships between gender, power, and violence, and the author argues that the notion of culpability should be changed in two respects. The tendency to regard emotions as 'factual' should be replaced by an evaluative view on emotions and men's responsibility for their emotional responses to women should be judged by acknowledging how values and reasons intersect with power relations

  • 2.
    Burman, Monica
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiskt forum.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Challenging gender and violence: Positions and discourses in Swedish and international contexts2014Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, s. 81-82Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    The requirement to speak: Victim stories in Swedish policies against honour related violence2014Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, s. 107-114Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, political initiatives against so-called honour-related violence have been undertaken in several Western countries, as well as in the UN. Swedish policy initiatives are relatively ambitious, and have primarily targeted young women as victims, one aim being to make it possible for them to speak up. In this article the overarching concern is to explore how victim stories are used in Swedish policy initiatives. Drawing upon discourse theory and post-colonial feminism, the aim is to challenge the ideal of speech as emancipation and to elaborate the connections between speech, silence and power. The article shows that, despite efforts by policy-makers to include these young women, and not to reproduce stereotypes, the possibility of speaking is formulated within a certain nationalist discursive terrain. The victims are primarily called upon to speak as non-Swedish representatives. Paradoxically, the inclusion of young women into policy discourse has led to a particular exclusion and thereby produced new silences.

  • 4.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Men's violence: narratives of men attending anti-violence programmes in Sweden2014Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, s. 96-106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficacy of batterer-intervention programmes for men has frequently been questioned, inviting additional research and development. Men inclined to violence have multifaceted problems but are frequently squeezed into ‘one-size-fits-all’ programmes with high ambitions for change that often show little evidence of effectiveness. Some research even indicates that any changes in men's violent behaviour might result from factors not at all linked to the programmes.

    For this study, ten interviews were carried out with men who had attended anti-violence programmes within the Swedish Probation Service. The overall aim was to analyse gendered identity constructions in the narratives of men attending the programmes — how men articulate the course of violent events and in what way they talk about themselves and the programmes.

    According to our results, men defended themselves by making excuses, explanations and victim positions. Furthermore, the men's gendered identity constructions collided with the programmes' ambitions of changing men's conceptions and behaviour.

  • 5.
    Nilsson, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The 'Refugee' and the 'Nexus' Requirement: The Relation between Subject and Persecution 
in the United Nations Refugee Convention2014Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, s. 123-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenge that my paper deals with is the complexities of gender and violence within international refugee law, taking women exposed to male partner violence as a starting point. The focus is the definition of ‘refugee’ in the United Nations Refugee Convention and the requirement that the persecution must be based on specific grounds, the ‘nexus’ requirement. My analysis shows that the Convention is grounded in an essentialist understanding of the subject and that the preservation of its structure and integrity also means preserving the power structures in society. The argumentation suggests that it is time to abolish the ‘nexus’ requirement and the limitation of the grounds, but my conclusion is rather that we must continue to work with our frame of thought focusing on the ‘refugee situation’ and the discursive constitution of the subject in time and space.

  • 6.
    Nyman, Charlott
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    The social nature of money: Meanings of money in Swedish families2003Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 79-94Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on a study of 10 married Swedish couples considering the different meanings money acquires and the implications of these meanings for individuals' access to money and consumption. The article examines the ways in which money and its use can create meaning and construct acts in couple relationships. The findings show that there are several kinds of 'special' monies. Money is often defined in terms of ownership and the data illustrate a variety of ways of defining money as jointly or privately owned. Family needs are central in defining money, but personal ownership of money is also important. Despite Swedish perceptions of gender equality and sharing, the data demonstrate persisting inequalities in terms of money. While using private money for family needs can express love and trust, it can also maintain the existing balance of power. The data support theories of gender system and gender contracts and the article argues that money is one way of shaping couple relations, while being also shaped by couple and other social relationships. Support was also found for the resource theory of power in that higher earnings and perceptions of ownership of money meant more control over money.

  • 7.
    Nyman, Charlott
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Reinikainen, Lasse
    Eriksson, Kristina
    The tension between gender equality and doing gender Swedish couples' talk about the division of housework2018Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 68, s. 36-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is considered as one of the most gender equal countries in the world and most Swedes claim to embrace gender equality. Yet, the majority of couples still organize their family lives according to traditional gendered patterns. This article aims to investigate how gender plays a role for how couples in Sweden talk about, articulate and frame their arguments regarding their division of housework. We identify three practices that act to support and reproduce a traditional gender order. These practices are: constructions of (un)suitability, placement of responsibility and comparison. Through these practices the couples' uneven division of housework is made into something other than a question of gender (in)equality, and change of the present order is made into a non-issue. We argue that the tension between striving for gender equality on the one hand and doing gender on the other, characterizes everyday interaction in modem couples. Recognizing this complexity is important for understanding the slow changes in gendered and gendering patterns and for the slow movement towards greater gender equality. The analysis brings the complex, interwoven and contradictory processes of doing gender to the fore.

  • 8.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Refugee men as perpetrators, allies or troublemakers?: Emerging discourses on men and masculinities in humanitarian aid2016Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 56, s. 56-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of including men and boys in order to successfully promote gender equality has been increasingly emphasized in international policymaking and governance. This article examines emerging discourses on men, masculinities and gender equality in the field of humanitarian aid to refugees. Through an analysis of key policy texts as well as interviews with humanitarian workers, three main representations of the role of refugee men in relation to the promotion of gender equality are identified. Refugee men are represented as perpetrators of violence and discrimination; as powerful gatekeepers and potential allies; and as emasculated troublemakers. These ways of conceptualizing men and masculinity are problematic in ways which significantly limit their potential for the transformation of unequal gender relations: gendered power relations are obscured; refugee men's masculinity is pathologized as “primitive”; and attempts to take the needs of men into account are often turned into an argument against the empowerment of refugee women.

  • 9.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hedström, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Militarized Nationalism as a Platform for Feminist Mobilization?: The Case of the Exiled Burmese Women’s Movement2019Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 76, artikel-id 102263Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminist scholars have convincingly demonstrated how militarism and nationalism rely on the (re)production of gendered hierarchies. As a result, feminism is often assumed to be at odds with these political projects. In this article, we demonstrate that this is not always and not necessarily the case: in contrast, militarized nationalism may even constitute fertile ground for the mobilization of feminist organization and activism. We make this argument drawing on an in-depth case study of the emergence and evolution of an exiled Burmese women's movement from within armed ethno-nationalist struggles in the borderlands of Myanmar. Drawing on interviews with women activists, we examine when and how militarized nationalism can provide a space from which feminist agendas can be articulated and successfully pursued. This case demonstrates that militarized nationalism does not only have the potential to mobilize women's participation, but can provide a platform for feminist organization and activism that transcends, challenges, and eventually reshapes militarized nationalist projects in ways that advance women's rights and equality. These findings call into question generalized assumptions about the conflictual relationship between feminism, militarism and nationalism, and contributes to advance feminist debates about women's mobilization in contexts of armed conflicts and nationalist struggles.

  • 10.
    Öhman, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Emmelin, Maria
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University, Sweden.
    Development policies, intimate partner violence, Swedish gender equality and global health2014Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, s. 115-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses current Swedish international development policies on gender and violence. It deals with the relationship between development policies, global health, promotion of gender equality, and violence against women in a global perspective. The focus is on intimate partner violence and the highly promoted gender mainstreaming policy. Theoretically, our point of departure lies within a feminist notion of gender relations, power structures, and male hierarchies that constrain and subordinate women and girls and which expose them to gendered violence. We claim that stronger links need to be created between local activist groups in low and middle income countries and the international development agencies. It is important to initiate and formalize a North South dialogue between such groups, as well as enhancing South South dialogue and cooperation.

1 - 10 av 10
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