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  • 1.
    Alter, George
    et al.
    History and PIRT Indiana University Bloomingtom USA .
    Oris, Michel
    Université de Genève Département d’Histoire économique 40, boulevard du pont d’Arve CH-1211 Genève 4 Suisse.
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    The family and mortality: A case study from rural Belgium2001Ingår i: Annales de Démographie Historique, ISSN 0066-2062, E-ISSN 1776-2774, Vol. 2001, s. 11-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in mortality among families give us clues about the importance of unobserved health-related behaviors. For example, if lower mortality was due to types of personal behavior learned in childhood, it should carry over to mortality at older ages. In this paper we use records from a nineteenth-century Belgian community to look at differences at mortality differences among families in two ways. First, we construct a direct measure of exposure to disease in childhood by counting the number of children in each family that died before age 15. Second, we calculate the overall effect of inter-family differences by using a "random effect" model that estimates the variance of the "family effect". Both of these measures show a strong family effect in childhood, but this effect diminishes after age 15 and disappears after age 55. Moreover, in a period still dominated by infectious diseases, those who survived diseases in childhood acquired immunities that helped them in later life.

  • 2.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Nilsson, Hans
    Linköpings universitet.
    Swedish towns during industrialisation1999Ingår i: Annales de Démographie Historique, ISSN 0066-2062, E-ISSN 1776-2774, nr 2, s. 63-96Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Life on the edge: rural poverty and vulnerability in XIXth century northern Sweden2006Ingår i: Annales de Démographie Historique, ISSN 0066-2062, E-ISSN 1776-2774, Vol. 1, nr 111, s. 31-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the complex relationship between poverty and vulnerability in rural xixth century Sweden, from a regional as well as from an individual perspective. Using different definitions of poverty in fiscal sources and poor relief records the author shows that the experiences of vulnerability varied, on the individual and household level as well as on the community level. Far from all of those, that must be considered socially and economically vulnerable, were supported by poor relief. On the community level the differences can to a large extent be explained by socio-economic factors while the diversity on the individual level must be attributed to a number of different factors: structural as well as individual, demographic and cultural as well as social and economical. The results suggest, that to gain a fuller understanding of the determinants of vulnerability in a population, it is necessary to combine aggregate data with life-course studies and direct further attention to the importance of factors such as gender, culture and local policy.

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