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1.

Falgas-Ravry, Victor

et al.

Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics. Vanderbilt Univ, Dept Math, Nashville, TN 37240 USA.

Given a family of 3-graphs F, we define its codegree threshold coex(n, F) to be the largest number d = d(n) such that there exists an n-vertex 3-graph in which every pair of vertices is contained in at least d 3-edges but which contains no member of F as a subgraph. Let F-3,F-2 be the 3-graph on {a, b, c, d, e} with 3-edges abc, abd, abe, and cde. In this paper, we give two proofs that coex(n, {F-3,F-2}) = - (1/3 + o(1))n, the first by a direct combinatorial argument and the second via a flag algebra computation. Information extracted from the latter proof is then used to obtain a stability result, from which in turn we derive the exact codegree threshold for all sufficiently large n: coex(n, {F-3,F-2}) = [n/3] - 1 if n is congruent to 1 modulo 3, and [n/3] otherwise. In addition we determine the set of codegree-extremal configurations for all sufficiently large n.

Given two 3-uniform hypergraphs F and G = (V, E), we say that G has an F-covering if we can cover V with copies of F. The minimum codegree of G is the largest integer d such that every pair of vertices from V is contained in at least d triples from E. Define c(2)(n, F) to be the largest minimum codegree among all n-vertex 3-graphs G that contain no F-covering. Determining c(2)(n, F) is a natural problem intermediate (but distinct) from the well-studied Turan problems and tiling problems. In this paper, we determine c(2)(n, K-4) (for n > 98) and the associated extremal configurations (for n > 998), where K-4 denotes the complete 3-graph on 4 vertices. We also obtain bounds on c(2)(n, F) which are apart by at most 2 in the cases where F is K-4(-) (K-4 with one edge removed), K-5(-), and the tight cycle C-5 on 5 vertices.

Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.

l-Degree Turan Density2014In: SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics, ISSN 0895-4801, E-ISSN 1095-7146, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 1214-1225Article in journal (Refereed)

Abstract [en]

Let H-n be a k-graph on n vertices. For 0 <= l < k and an l-subset T of V (H-n), define the degree deg(T) of T to be the number of (k - l)-subsets S such that S boolean OR T is an edge in H-n. Let the minimum l-degree of H-n be delta(l) (H-n) = min{deg(T) : T subset of V (H-n) and vertical bar T vertical bar = l}. Given a family F of k-graphs, the l-degree Turan number ex(l) (n, F) is the largest delta(l) (H-n) over all F-free k-graphs H-n on n vertices. Hence, ex(0) (n, F) is the Turan number. We define l-degree Turan density to be pi(kappa)(l) (F) = lim sup(n ->infinity) ex(l)(n, F)/kappa(n-l). In this paper, we show that for k > l > 1, the set of pi(kappa)(l) (F) is dense in the interval [0, 1). Hence, there is no "jump" for l-degree Turan density when k > l > 1. We also give a lower bound on pi(kappa)(l) (F) in terms of an ordinary Turan density.