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  • 1.
    Berglund, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Eisemann, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Lalos, Othon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Personality characteristics of-A stress incontinent women: a pilot study1994In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 165-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Personality traits were assessed by means of the Karolinska Scale of Personality (KSP) and the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) in 45 genuine stress incontinent women and compared with a reference group of continent women in order to investigate the possible impact of this chronic condition on the personality. Women with stress incontinence of long duration scored significantly higher than controls on the KSP scales somatic anxiety, psychic anxiety, psychasthenia and suspicion and on the EPI lie-scale. These findings point to the importance of personality factors in chronic conditions such as urinary incontinence.

  • 2. Daniels, Ken
    et al.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Gottlieb, Claes
    Lalos, Othon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Semen providers and their three families2005In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 15-22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Eriksson, Carola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Westman, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Experiential factors associated with childbirth-related fear in Swedish women and men: a population based study.2005In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 63-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Kero, Anneli
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Ambivalence - a logical response to legal abortion: a prospective study among women and  men2000In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 81-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to elucidate ambivalence in relation to legal abortion by studying emotions, attitudes, motives for abortion and ethical reasoning in a-strategic sample of women and men who, 1 year after abortion, expressed both positive and painful feelings in relation to the abortion. The study shows that social perspectives legitimate the decision to have an abortion whilst ethical perspectives complicate the decision. Nearly all women and men described having the abortion as an expression of responsibility. Almost one-half also had parallel feelings of guilt, as they regarded the abortion as a violation of their ethical values. The majority of the sample expressed relief while simultaneously experiencing the termination of the pregnancy as a loss coupled with feelings of grief/emptiness, in spite of the ambivalence, only one woman regretted the abortion. For the vast majority, the impact of the abortion had led to increased maturity and deepened self-knowledge. Thus, ambivalence might be regarded not only as problematic but also as indicating openness to the complexity of the abortion issue. Since incompatible values clash in connection with abortion, experiences of ambivalence become both logical and understandable.

    Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/01674820009075613

  • 5.
    Kero, Anneli
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Reactions and reflections in men, 4 and 12 months post-abortion2004In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 135-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In general, men involved in legal abortion constitute an invisiblegroup and there is scarcely any knowledge about their experiences and opinions.Therefore, the aim of the present study was to increase knowledge about reactionsand reflections by means of a prospective study of men’s attitudes and feelingstowards abortion.

    Methods: Twenty-six men answered a questionnaire before abortion, andparticipated in interviews at the time of abortion and 4 and 12 months postabortion.

    Results: Nearly all of the men were happy with the women’s decision to havean abortion at both follow-ups. They experienced the abortion as a relief and aresponsible act. Simultaneously, abortion could also be experienced as a painfuland ethically problematic act. Overall, most men had only positive experiencespost- abortion, such as a feeling of maturity. More than half of those whoaccompanied their partners to the hospital felt that the staff did not have awelcoming attitude. It was also found that 1-year post-abortion, more than a thirdconsistently did not use a reliable contraceptive method.

    Conclusions: There is a need for further studies concerning men’s experiencesand reactions in the context of abortion and it is of fundamental importance that agender perspective is incorporated into this specific field of reproductive healthresearch.

  • 6.
    Lalos, A
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Eisemann, M
    Lalos, O
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Personality differences between endometrial and cervical cancer patients in relation to sexual behavior.1997In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 53-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Possible differences in personality were investigated in a sample of endometrial (n = 30) and cervical (n = 30) cancer patients and related to sexual behavior. The assessments were based on the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) and semistructured interviews. The endometrial group reported both a higher age at sexual debut and a lower number of sexual partners whereas the corresponding figures for the cervical group were within the range of representative data from the general population. Strikingly, numerous significant correlations between personality characteristics and behavioral aspects appeared in the cervical group. In a discriminant analysis between the two cancer groups, verbal aggression, number of sexual partners, irritability, use of alcohol, age at sexual debut, impulsivity and social desirability appeared to be the most powerful variables. In view of the similarity of cervical cancer women in terms of personality and sexual behavior to normative data the elaboration of adequate and large-scale preventive measures aimed at young age groups is warranted.

  • 7.
    Lalos, A
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lalos, O
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    The partner's view about hysterectomy.1996In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 119-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This prospective interview study was conducted to elucidate the psychological, social and sexual consequences of hysterectomy on the women's partners. In addition to the interviews, a check-list of psychological symptoms was used. Twenty-four partners to women who were scheduled for hysterectomy because of benign uterine diseases entered the study. The men were interviewed before hysterectomy and 12-15 months later. Approximately half of the men reacted with ambivalence towards their partners' decision to undergo hysterectomy. The main concerns of the men were possible complications related to the operation and a diagnosis of cancer. Generally, the men did not receive information from the medical staff, neither before nor after the hysterectomy. The women's symptoms before operation had a negative impact on sexual life and quality of life of the partners. Hysterectomy showed a positive effect not only on the sexual life but also on the overall quality of life of the majority of the men. In conclusion, the men in this study seem to have predominantly supportive attitudes and adequate reactions concerning their partner's hysterectomy. A decrease of their psychological symptoms postsurgery and an improvement of sexual life and overall quality of life could be observed.

  • 8.
    Lalos, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Lalos, Othon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Stendahl, U
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Experiences of the male partner in cervical and endometrial cancer: a prospective interview study1995In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 153-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on social, psychological and sexual experiences of 47 men before their partner was treated for cervical or endometrial cancer and 1 year later. As a complement to the interviews the men completed a symptom check-list. Before initiation of treatment, a great majority of the men were in psychological crisis. The number of psychological symptoms decreased from the first to the last interview. Symptoms with psychosomatic character increased, however, considerably. In the endometrial group, several had intrapsychic problems, while interpersonal problems were more common in the cervical group. Both groups found it difficult to know how to behave and how to communicate with their partner, friends and acquaintances. A majority had nobody to whom they could speak honestly, and most did not obtain basic information about their partner's disease. The experiences of intercourse were much more negative after completed treatment and a majority described impaired sexual desire. Provided that the woman herself desires it, the coping and rehabilitation of the woman, the man and the couple would improve if the male were integrated in the care program from the moment the diagnosis of cancer is made.

  • 9.
    Lalos, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lalos, Othon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    von Schoultz, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    A psychosocial characterization of infertile couples before surgical treatment of the female1985In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 83-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social background and personality characteristics were examined in 30 infertile women with tubal damage and their 29 men. The emotional and social impact of their infertility was investigated using symptom checklists, the Eysenck Personality Inventory and interviews. The infertile couples did not differ with respect to psychosocial background, current life situation, neuroticism or personality characteristics when compared to psychologically normal controls. The infertility had severe emotional and social effects. Grief, depression, guilt, feelings of inferiority and isolation were commonly reported. The women openly admitted more symptoms than their men. Marital relationship was often affected and in particular the effect on sexual life was negative. Relatives and friends could not fulfill a supportive function, and all couples expressed their need for professional support and counselling.

  • 10.
    Lalos, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lalos, Othon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    von Schoultz, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Depression, guilt and isolation among infertile women and their partners1986In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 197-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The crisis of infertility has been studied in 30 women with tubal damage and the manner in which it affected their partners over a period of 2 years. Altogether, 4 interviews were carried out with the women, and two with the men. The partners of each couple were interviewed individually on the same day a few weeks before and 2 years after a reconstructive tubal operation. Furthermore, the women were interviewed on the first postoperative day, and 1 month later at the second-look laparoscopy. Most of the symptoms recorded during the interviews could be classified in terms of depression, guilt and isolation. The women generally manifested more depressive symptoms than the men who often suppressed or even denied emotional reactions. Feelings of guilt were more common among the women than among the men. Relatives and friends did not give genuine support — according to the majority of the couples. Pregnant women and other people's children often evoked negative feelings. Social isolation often developed among the infertile women and their partners. In most cases, the crisis of infertility was found to be prolonged, especially among the women. The study indicates that in order to cope with the crisis of infertility, couples require supportive counseling in parallel to the investigation and medical treatment. This counseling should be designed both for the couple as an entity and for the partners separately.

    Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/01674828609016758?prevSearch=allfield%253A%2528lalos%2529&searchHistoryKey=

  • 11.
    Lalos, Othon
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Kjellberg, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Urinary, climacteric and sexual symptoms 1 year after treatment of cervical cancer without brachytherapy2009In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 269-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies elucidating the impact of the treatment of cervical cancer on urinary and climacteric symptoms and sexual life are relatively rare. The aim of this study was to seek information about the occurrence of urinary, climacteric and sexual symptoms in women with cervical cancer before and 1 year after treatment without brachytherapy. METHODS: This prospective study evaluated 39 women treated for cervical cancer. Data were collected by two questionnaires (before and 1 year after treatment). In order to supplement the data from the questionnaires, some data were selected from the patient's medical records. RESULTS: The number of voluntary micturitions, urgency, urinary incontinence and climacteric symptoms had not increased 1 year after treatment. Vaginal dryness and dyspareunia had increased and sexual desire was reduced 1-year post-treatment. CONCLUSION: This study has shown that urinary and climacteric symptoms are not frequent 1 year after treatment of cervical cancer without brachytherapy. However, there is an increased occurrence of vaginal dryness and sexual disorders 1-year post-treatment, mainly in the form of dyspareunia and reduced sexual desire. Taken together these symptoms affect the women's quality of life and it is, therefore, crucial that the medical providers become more aware of and skilled to deal with these conditions before and after treatment.

  • 12.
    Lindström, Meta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Wulff, Marianne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Midwives' experiences of encountering women seeking an abortion.2007In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 231-237Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Nylander Lundqvist, Elisabet
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Dermatology and Venerology.
    Bergdahl, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vestibulodynia (former vulvar vestibulitis): Personality in affected women2005In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 251-256Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Wikman, M
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Motives for having or not having children: a comparison between questionnaire and interview methods1995In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 171-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses validity issues in a questionnaire constructed with the aim of exploring a private and emotionally loaded topic, namely motives for having or not having children. Themes extracted by factor analysis of data from a reference population of men and women in the fertile ages were used to structure conversational interviews with a smaller sample of women and men of the same age. Of 30 persons invited, 24 agreed to participate in the interview and they completed the questionnaire before the interview. Factor scores were estimated from data obtained by means of the written questionnaire with closed questions, and the scores were compared with results from the structured interview with open questions. Thus, the questionnaire and the factor analysis were validated and a conclusion could be drawn that this method was able to provide important informatory facts even in an area where emotional factors are predominant. The findings also supported the idea that it is important to supplement questionnaire results with validity studies. The combination of the two methods in this study was fruitful and highlighted important new areas that need further research.

1 - 14 of 14
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