umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 23 of 23
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1. Belibasakis, George
    et al.
    Brage, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Periodontology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Lagergård, Teresa
    Johansson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology.
    Cytolethal distending toxin upregulates RANKL expression in Jurkat T-cells: Cdt upregulates RANKL2008In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 116, no 6, p. 499-506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cytolethal distending toxin, a bacterial exotoxin produced by a number of Gram-negative species, causes growth arrest and morphological alterations in host cells. Among these species are Haemophilus ducreyi, the etiological agent of chancroid, and the periodontal pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, highly implicated in localized aggressive periodontitis. CDT induces receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) expression in periodontal fibroblasts, the key bone-resorbing cytokine. T-cells are actively involved in localized inflammation-induced bone destruction, including periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of purified CDT on the expression of RANKL and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG), in the Jurkat T-cell line. Quantitative real-time PCR indicated that 100 pg/ml of purified H. ducreyi CDT upregulated RANKL mRNA expression by 2.2-fold, after 24 h of exposure. This increase was corroborated by a 2.0-fold increase in RANKL protein release, as determined by ELISA. OPG was not detected in this experimental system. In conclusion, CDT enhances RANKL expression in T-cells, denoting that these cells are a potential target for the toxin and strengthening the potential link between this virulence factor and mechanisms associated with localized bone resorption.

  • 2.
    Belibasakis, Georgios N
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Oral Cell Biology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Oral Microbiology.
    Mattsson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Periodontology.
    Wang, Ying
    Chen, Casey
    Johansson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Periodontology.
    Cell cycle arrest of human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans: involvement of the cytolethal distending toxin2004In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 112, no 10, p. 674-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) is produced by several Gram-negative bacterial species and causes growth arrest and morphological alterations in mammalian cells. Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, which is involved in the pathogenesis of localized aggressive periodontitis, also produces a Cdt that affects periodontal connective tissue cells. The aim of this study was to investigate in which phase of the cell cycle these cells are arrested and enlarged when challenged with A. actinomycetemcomitans, and to evaluate the involvement of its Cdt. Human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells were challenged with A. actinomycetemcomitans extract, or with purified Cdt, and cell cycle analysis was performed by propidium iodide staining and flow cytometry. Cells exposed to an A. actinomycetemcomitans wild-type strain, or to purified Cdt, were arrested in both G1 and G2/M phases, and appeared enlarged compared to the corresponding controls. The cellular enlargement occurred in both G1 and G2/M arrested cells. In contrast, cells exposed to an A. actinomycetemcomitans cdt-knockout mutant strain showed cell cycle phase distribution and size similar to the controls. In conclusion, A. actinomycetemcomitans causes a combined G1 and G2/M growth arrest and enlargement in periodontal connective tissue cells, which is attributed to its Cdt.

  • 3. Bronner, Ulf
    et al.
    Karlsson, Lillemor
    Evengård, Birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
    Evaluation of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria in Swedish travellers2011In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 119, no 2, p. 88-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria have become valuable tools for the diagnosis of malaria in both endemic and non-endemic areas. During a 7-year period, first the MalaQuick rapid test and then the NOW Malaria test, were evaluated by well-trained laboratory technicians in a university hospital laboratory of parasitology. A total of 635 blood samples were selected from 4731 blood specimens obtained from travellers at the emergency department, at wards and at out-patient clinics. The samples were analysed by microscopy and RDT. Malaria parasites were detected in the blood films of 134 (21%) samples. The sensitivity of the RDT for Plasmodium falciparum was 97.7% (84 of 86 samples) with a negative predictive value of 99.6%. The two false-negative results were associated with low levels of parasitaemia. For non-falciparum species the sensitivity was only 58.3% (28 of 48 samples). Based on the excellent ability of the RDTs to detect P. falciparum infections, we recommend the use of the NOW Malaria test as a complement to microscopy in the laboratory.

  • 4.
    Claesson, Rolf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Kanasi, Eleni
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Anders, Johansson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Sotirios, Kalfas
    School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    A new cleavage site for elastase within the complement component 32010In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 118, no 10, p. 765-768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The lysosomal enzyme elastase was earlier shown to cleave the complement molecule C3. During somepreliminary experiments on the interactions of certain pathogenic bacteria with the innate defencemechanisms, we observed C3 cleavage, in the presence of elastase, to fragments not previouslydescribed. To elucidate this proteolytic reaction, the present study was conducted. Degradation of C3in mixtures with elastase or cathepsin G was detected by an immunoblot procedure using anti-C3c andanti-C3d antibodies after separating the proteins by SDS-PAGE. Certain C3 fragments were analysedfor amino acid sequence. The results revealed the existence of a cleavage site for elastase at the positionalanine1350 ⁄ lysine1351 of the C3 molecule, which has not been previously described. The fragmentresulted from this cleavage has a size of about 39 kDa and it contains a part or the whole of C3d. Thiscleavage was distinct from the one previously described at position 987 ⁄ 988, which gives a 34 kDaC3d-containing fragment.

  • 5. Edvinsson, Benjamin
    et al.
    Lundquist, Jessica
    Ljungman, Per
    Ringdén, Olle
    Evengård, Birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
    A prospective study of diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection after bone marrow transplantation.2008In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 116, no 5, p. 345-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Active infection with Toxoplasma gondii in immunocompromised transplant recipients can lead to toxoplasmosis, which may have a rapid disease course and in some cases be fatal. It is of paramount importance to diagnose toxoplasmosis at an early stage, and to initiate specific treatment to improve the outcome. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is today the primary diagnostic tool to diagnose toxoplasmosis in immunocompromised patients. Timely diagnosis may, however, be difficult if toxoplasmosis is at first asymptomatic. To investigate the magnitude of toxoplasmosis after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), we conducted a screening study by PCR where 21 autologous and 12 allogeneic BMT recipients were included. Peripheral blood samples were taken one week prior to BMT; thereafter, blood samples were drawn weekly for the first 6 months, and monthly up to one year after BMT. The samples were analyzed by conventional PCR and real-time PCR. T. gondii DNA was detected in peripheral blood from one patient 5 days post allogeneic BMT. There were no clinical signs of toxoplasmosis. Medical records were reviewed and showed a previously undiagnosed eye infection in another allogeneic BMT recipient. These two patients were seropositive for T. gondii. We concluded that monitoring for T. gondii DNA in peripheral blood samples using PCR might be a valuable method for identifying toxoplasma-seropositive stem cell transplant recipients.

  • 6.
    Eriksson, Catharina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Immunology.
    Rantapää-Dahlqvist, Solbritt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Reumatology.
    Sundqvist, Karl-Gösta
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Immunology, Karolinska Institute at Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
    T-cell expression of CD91: a marker of unresponsiveness to anti-TNF therapy in rheumatoid arthritis2010In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 118, no 11, p. 837-845Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) and its receptors, lipoprotein receptor-related protein/cluster of differentiation (CD)91, calreticulin (CRT), and CD47, on T cells and monocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy. The surface expression of CD91 and associated components on CD3- and CD14-positive cells was examined using flow cytometry in 12 patients with established RA before and after beginning therapy and compared with that of 9 healthy controls and 12 patients with early RA treated with conventional therapies. CD3-positive cells from anti-TNF non-responders showed significantly greater expression of CD91 expression than those from responders (p<0.05) after 6 weeks and when all measurements were pooled (p<0.001). CD91 expression on CD3-positive cells from non-responders to other therapies was at the same level as in healthy controls. In contrast, CD14-positive cells showed no differences in CD91 expression between patients and controls or between responders and non-responders to anti-TNF therapy. The expression of TSP-1, CRT, and CD47 showed no differences between responders and non-responders. The results suggest T-lymphocyte expression of CD91 to be a biomarker that signifies unresponsiveness to anti-TNF therapy in patients with RA and may be used to identify potential responders and non-responders.

  • 7. Foerster, Sunniva
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Tomas N.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology. Sunderby Research Unit, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Brochado, Anna Rita
    Desilvestro, Valentino
    Typas, Athanasios
    Unemo, Magnus
    The first wide-scale drug repurposing screen using the Prestwick Chemical Library (1200 bioactive molecules) against Neisseria gonorrhoeae identifies high in vitro activity of auranofin and many additional drugs2020In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Treatment options for gonorrhoea are scarce. Drug repurposing of bioactive molecules approved for other conditions might therefore be of value. We developed a method for wide-scale, systematic drug repurposing screen to identify molecules with activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae and screened the Prestwick Chemical Library (1200 FDA-approved drugs). As a proof-of-concept, we further examined one promising and interesting screening hit (auranofin; antirheumatic agent). Three WHO gonococcal reference strains (WHO F, O, P) were used for the Library screening. The strains were grown in presence of a fixed concentration of the library drugs in 384-well plates for 12 h, and the remaining bacterial respiration, to reflect growth, was then quantitatively measured using optical density (OD) 450 nm and a resazurin assay. The activity of auranofin was further examined using in vitro susceptibility testing (minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC)) against genetically diverse antimicrobial-resistant N. gonorrhoeae strains and time-kill assays. Sixty-eight molecules significantly inhibited bacterial growth of WHO F, O and P. Auranofin showed potent in vitro bactericidal activity (in MIC-, MBC- and time-kill assays) against four WHO reference strains. No cross-resistance between auranofin and any antimicrobial currently or previously used for gonorrhoea treatment was found when examining 51 selected antimicrobial-resistant gonococcal strains. In conclusion, this is the first wide-scale systematic screening effort for repurposing drugs for future treatment of gonorrhoea. Additional studies examining mechanism(s) of action, resistance development, in vivo anti-gonococcal activity and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics for gonococcal infections of auranofin and several other significant screening hits would be valuable.

  • 8. Hahn-Stromberg, Victoria
    et al.
    Askari, Shlear
    Befekadu, Rahel
    Matthiessen, Peter
    Karlsson, Sune
    Nilsson, Torbjörn K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Clinical chemistry.
    Polymorphisms in the CLDN1 and CLDN7 genes are related to differentiation and tumor stage in colon carcinoma2014In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 122, no 7, p. 636-642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tight junction is composed of transmembrane proteins important for maintaining cell polarity and regulating ion flow. Among these proteins are the tissue-specific claudins, proteins that have recently been suggested as tumor markers for several different types of cancer. An altered claudin expression has been observed in colon, prostatic, ovarian, and breast carcinoma. The aim of this study was to analyze the allele frequencies of three common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes for claudin 1 and claudin 7 in colon cancer (CC) patients and in a control population of healthy blood donors. Pyrosequencing was used to genotype the CLDN1 SNP rs9869263 (c.369C>T), and the CLDN7 SNPs rs4562 (c.590C>T) and rs374400 (c.606T>G) in DNA from 102 formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) colon cancer tissue, and 111 blood leukocyte DNA from blood/plasma donors. These results were correlated with clinical parameters such as TNM stage, tumor localization, tumor differentiation, complexity index, sex, and age. We found that there was a significant association between the CLDN1 genotype CC in tumor samples and a higher risk of colon cancer development (OR 3.0, p < 0.001). We also found that the CLDN7 rs4562 (c.590C>T) genotype CT had a higher risk of lymph node involvement (p = 0.031) and a lower degree of tumor differentiation (p = 0.028). In the control population, the allele frequencies were very similar to those in the HapMap cohort for CLDN7. The CLDN1 rs9869263 genotype (c.369C>T) was related to increased risk of colon cancer, and the CLDN7 rs4562 genotype (c.590C>T) was related to tumor differentiation and lymph node involvement in colon carcinoma. Further studies are warranted to ascertain their potential uses as biomarkers predicting tumor development, proliferation, and outcome in this disease.

  • 9. Holl, Katsiaryna
    et al.
    Surcel, Helja-Marja
    Koskela, Pentti
    Dillner, Joakim
    Hallmans, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutritional Research.
    Wadell, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Virology.
    Kaasila, Marjo
    Olafsdottir, Gudridur H
    Ogmundsdottir, Helga M
    Pukkala, Eero
    Stattin, Pär
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology.
    Lehtinen, Matti
    Maternal Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus infections and risk of testicular cancer in the offspring: a nested case-control study2008In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 116, no 9, p. 816-822Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent decades the incidence of testicular cancer (TC) has increased rapidly around the world. Associated exogenous etiological factors might therefore be identifiable. We performed a case-control study nested within Finnish, Swedish and Icelandic maternity cohorts exploiting early pregnancy serum samples to evaluate the role of congenital or neonatal infections with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) as risk factors of TC in the offspring. For each case-index mother pair, three or four matched control-control mother pairs were identified using national population registries. First trimester sera were retrieved from the index mothers of 66 TC cases and 258 matched control mothers, and were tested for antibodies to EBV and CMV. High level of maternal EBV IgG antibodies was associated with significantly increased risk of TC in the offspring (odds ratio (OR), 2.50; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.15, 5.40), especially with risk of non-seminoma TC (OR, 2.73; 950% CI, 1.25, 5.99) and non-seminoma TC diagnosed under 8 years of age (OR, 2.72; 95% CI, 1.05, 7.04). In contrast, offspring of CMV IgG-seropositive mothers had a decreased risk of TC diagnosed under 8 years of age (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.14, 0.89). Our results suggest that EBV and CMV infections may be associated with TC.

  • 10.
    Hulterström, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Dental Technology/Dental Materials Science.
    Sellin, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Berggren, Diana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    The microbial flora in the nasal septum area prone to perforation2012In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 120, no 3, p. 210-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To explore the colonizing bacterial flora of the nasal septum area, that is mostly afflicted by perforations, 101 healthy police students had swab samples taken from that location. The described culture strategy recovered positive cultures from 95% of the test subjects and from 60% with more than one organism. In total, 191 bacterial isolates were classified according to colony morphology, Gram-stain and a panel of standard laboratory techniques. A part of the bacteria was identified to species-level by biochemical methods and by sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. The predominant finding was Gram-positive irregular rods - 65 presumptive Corynebacterium isolates, both lipophilic and non-lipophilic, and 37 anaerobic Propionibacterium isolates. The second largest bacterial group was Gram-positive catalase-positive cocci, of which 13 isolates were identified as Staphylococcus aureus and 53 as coagulase-negative staphylococci. The few potential airway pathogens included Streptococcus pneumonia (n = 1) and Moraxella catarrhalis (n = 3) isolates. The bacterial flora colonizing the nasal septum mainly consists of Gram-positive bacteria. Although of low virulence, the microbial flora may impact on occlusion treatment of nasal septum perforations with silicone obturators.

  • 11.
    Jahns, Anika C.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Lundskog, Bertil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine.
    Berg, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine.
    Jonsson, Rebecca
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine.
    McDowell, Andrew
    Patrick, Sheila
    Golovleva, Irina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Medical and Clinical Genetics.
    Palmer, Ruth H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology).
    Alexeyev, Oleg A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Microbiology of folliculitis: a histological study of 39 cases2014In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 122, no 1, p. 25-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Folliculitis is a common inflammatory skin syndrome. Several microbial organisms have been put forward as causative agents, but few studies visualized microbes directly in inflamed hair follicles. This retrospective study investigated bacterial and fungal colonization of inflamed hair follicles in patients with clinically diagnosed non-infectious folliculitis. Skin biopsies from 39 folliculitis patients and 27 controls were screened by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using broad-range bacterial and fungal probes and by immunofluorescence microscopy using a monoclonal antibody towards Gram-positive bacteria. Specific monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies towards Staphylococcus spp. and Propionibacterium acnes were applied for further species identification. Inflamed follicles were associated with bacterial colonization in 10 samples (26%) and fungal colonization in three samples (8%). Staphylococcus spp. were observed in inflamed follicles in seven samples (18%). Two samples were positive for P. acnes, which were identified as either type II or type IB/type III. Both Staphylococcus spp. and P. acnes were seen in macrocolonies/biofilm structures. In conclusion, one-third of patients with clinically diagnosed, non-infectious folliculitis exhibited microbial colonization with predominance of Staphylococcus spp.

  • 12.
    Jahns, Anika C.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Lundskog, Bertil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Dahlberg, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Tamayo, Natalia Curiche
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Mcdowell, Andrew
    Patrick, Sheila
    Alexeyev, Oleg A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    No link between rosacea and Propionibacterium acnes2012In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 120, no 11, p. 922-925Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rosacea is a common skin disease in adults affecting mainly the facial skin. Although inflammation appears to play a pathogenic role in rosacea, initiating factors are largely unknown. Microbial involvement in the development of rosacea has been suggested previously. We aimed to visualize Propionibacterium acnes in the skin compartments of rosacea patients. Facial skin biopsies from 82 rosacea patients and 25 controls were stained with a P. acnes-specific monoclonal antibody (QUBPa3). Seven of 82 patients (8.5%) tested positive for P. acnes which was present either as a biofilm (57% of positive) or a microcolony (43%) in colonized patients. Our results suggest that P. acnes does not play a major role in the pathogenesis of rosacea.

  • 13.
    Jahns, Anika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Killasli, Hassan
    Nosek, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Dermatology and Venerology.
    Lundskog, Bertil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Lenngren, Anna
    Muratova, Zhanna
    Emtestam, Lennart
    Alexeyev, Oleg
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Microbiology of hidradenitis suppurativa (acne inversa): a histological study of 27 patients2014In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 122, no 9, p. 804-809Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hidradenitis suppurativa (acne inverse) (HS) is a chronic skin disease primarily affecting hair follicles. The aetiology of HS is unknown, but infection is believed to play some role. This retrospective study investigated the microbial colonization directly in skin appendices in HS skin samples. Archival samples from 27 patients with HS were screened by immunofluorescence labelling with monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies against Gram-positive bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes and Propionibacterium granulosum. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was used for further species identification of Staphylococcus spp. Overall, 17 patients (63%) were found positive for bacterial colonization. Of these, 15 showed colonization in hair follicles and/or sinus tracts. The most commonly identified bacteria were DAPI labelled coccoids that were seen in 71% of the positive patients in the form of biofilms and microcolonies. P. acnes was found as biofilms in hair follicles of two patients. Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci were not detected in any sample. The results of this study indicate a common bacterial presence in HS skin lesions. Bacterial biofilms are not uncommon and their pathogenic role needs further evaluation.

  • 14.
    Johansson, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Microbiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
    Forsman, Mats
    FOI, Umeå.
    Sjöstedt, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Microbiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    The development of tools for diagnosis of tularemia and typing of Francisella tularensis.2004In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 112, no 11-12, p. 898-907Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15. Milhano, Natacha
    et al.
    Korslund, Lars
    Evander, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Virology.
    Ahlm, Clas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
    Vainio, Kirsti
    Dudman, Susanne G.
    Andreassen, Ashild
    Circulation and diagnostics of Puumala virus in Norway: nephropatia epidemica incidence and rodent population dynamics2017In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 125, no 8, p. 732-742Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hantaviruses pose a public health concern worldwide causing haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Puumala virus (PUUV) is the most prevalent hantavirus in Central and Northern Europe, and causes a mild form of HFRS, also known as nephropathia epidemica (NE). In nature, the main host of PUUV is the bank vole (Myodes glareolus), and transmission to humans occurs through inhalation of aerosols from rodent excreta. Nephropathia epidemica is particularly prevalent in Nordic countries, however, few studies of PUUV have been performed in Norway. The aim of this study was to analyse the dynamics of PUUV in Norway and compare with bank vole population dynamics, and also to complement the current diagnostic methodology of NE in Norway. Our results showed a significant seasonal and geographical variation of NE, and a general parallel peak trend between bank vole population densities and human NE incidence. A real-time and a nested PCR were successfully established as an invaluable diagnostic tool, with detection and sequencing of PUUV in a human serum sample for the first time in Norway. Phylogenetic analysis showed clustering of the obtained human sample with previous Norwegian bank vole isolates.

  • 16.
    Monsen, Tor J.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Holm, Stig E.
    Ferry, Björn Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ferry, Sven A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Mecillinam resistance and outcome of pivmecillinam treatment in uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection in women2014In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 122, no 4, p. 317-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pivmecillinam (PIV) is a first-line antimicrobial for treatment of lower urinary tract infection in women (LUTIW). Mecillinam, the active substance of PIV, is bactericidal mainly against gram-negative uropathogens, whereas gram-positive species are considered intrinsically resistant. However, successful treatment of LUTIW caused by Staphylococcus saprophyticus has been reported, but more rarely for other gram-positive species. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and bacteriological outcome of PIV vs placebo treatment among uropathogens with special focus on mecillinam-resistant isolates. We analysed data from a prospective, multicentre, placebo-controlled, primary health care, therapy study performed in Sweden in 1995-1998 that included 1143 women with symptoms suggestive of LUTIW. Urine cultures were collected and symptoms registered at inclusion and at follow-up visits. Overall, the efficacy of PIV was superior to that of placebo. Clinical and bacteriological outcomes of PIV treatment were similar for S. saprophyticus, Escherichia coli as for most other uropathogens irrespective of their susceptibility to mecillinam. However, the occurrence of enterococci increased nearly fivefold shortly post PIV treatment, although with mild symptoms and a high spontaneous eradication. As susceptibility to mecillinam in vitro did not predict bacteriological and clinical outcome of PIV treatment, we suggest that the present breakpoints for mecillinam should be revised.

  • 17. Nelson, Axel
    et al.
    Johansson, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology. Unit of Research, Education and Development, Östersund.
    Tydén, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology. Unit of Research, Education and Development, Östersund.
    Bodelsson, Mikael
    Circulating syndecans during critical illness2017In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 125, no 5, p. 468-475Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circulating syndecans are proposed to be markers of glycocalyx degradation and previous investigations have found higher plasma levels of syndecan-1 among patients with different pathological conditions. We wanted to investigate if levels of other syndecans (-2,-3 and -4) are altered during critical illness and compare the levels to syndecan-1. In 137 consecutive intensive care unit (ICU) patients with sepsis, cardiac arrest, gastrointestinal bleeding, intoxication or trauma, plasma levels of syndecan-1, -2, -3 and -4 were measured using ELISA. Syndecan-1 and syndecan-3 levels were similar among the different ICU patient groups but higher than controls. No differences in plasma levels of syndecan-2 or syndecan-4 were found neither among the different ICU patient groups nor compared to controls. All syndecans showed an association with mortality and the levels of syndecan-1 and -3 and correlated with each other. The results indicate that syndecan release is triggered by the physiological stress of critical illness in general and involves several subtypes such as syndecan-1 and syndecan-3.

  • 18.
    Olsson, Jan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Virology.
    Davidsson, Sabina
    Örebro Univ Hosp, Dept Urol, Örebro, Sweden.
    Unemo, Magnus
    Örebro Univ Hosp, Dept Lab Med, Örebro, Sweden.
    Mölling, Paula
    Örebro Univ Hosp, Dept Lab Med, Örebro, Sweden.
    Andersson, Swen-Olov
    Örebro Univ Hosp, Dept Urol, Örebro, Sweden.
    Andrén, Ove
    Örebro Univ Hosp, Dept Urol, Örebro, Sweden.
    Söderquist, Bo
    Örebro Univ Hosp, Dept Lab Med, Örebro, Sweden.
    Sellin, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Virology.
    Antibiotic susceptibility in prostate-derived Propionibacterium acnes isolates2012In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 120, no 10, p. 778-785Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic susceptibility of Propionibacterium acnes isolates from prostate. Prostate-derived P. acnes isolates (n = 24, Umeå & Örebro, Sweden, 2007-2010) and a panel of control strains (n = 25, Sweden) collected from skin and deep infections were assessed for resistance to penicillin G, piperacillin-tazobactam, imipenem, gentamicin, azithromycin, erythromycin, vancomycin, ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin, tetracycline, tigecycline, fusidic acid, clindamycin, rifampicin, linezolid, daptomycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and metronidazole. In addition, the isolates were tested for inducible clindamycin resistance. All prostate derived P. acnes isolates displayed wild-type distribution of MIC-values, without evidence of acquired resistance. In the reference panel, 5 of 25 isolates had acquired macrolide resistance with cross-resistance to azithromycin, clindamycin, and erythromycin. In addition, one of these isolates was resistant to tetracycline.

  • 19. Paju, S
    et al.
    Carlson, P
    Jousimies-Somer, H
    Asikainen, Sirkka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Oral Microbiology.
    Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Haemophilus aphrophilus in systemic and nonoral infections in Finland.2003In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 111, no 6, p. 653-657Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The oral cavity is the ecological niche for Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Haemophilus aphrophilus, but occasionally they cause severe nonoral infections. In this study we present 20 systemic or nonoral infections due to A. actinomycetemcomitans and H. aphrophilus, comprising all isolates of these species forwarded to and stored in Finnish reference laboratories during the years 1988-2000. The time from specimen collection to correct species identification was 9.3 days for A. actinomycetemcomitans and 10.7 days for H. aphrophilus. A. actinomycetemcomitans strains represented serotypes a, b, c, and d. Arbitrarily primed PCR distinguished four A. actinomycetemcomitans and six H. aphrophilus genotypes. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing with benzylpenicillin, amoxicillin, tetracycline, metronidazole, azithromycin, and trovafloxacin showed generally good activities against the present strains, and the susceptibility patterns closely resembled those of oral strains. The prolonged time to recover and identify A. actinomycetemcomitans and H. aphrophilus from systemic and nonoral infections may delay the correct diagnosis of the patient, but the good antimicrobial efficacies of antimicrobial agents against these pathogens give a good prognosis for the patients and advance the treatment of severe infections caused by these fastidious organisms of oral origin.

  • 20. Sahdo, Berolla
    et al.
    Särndahl, Eva
    Elgh, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Virology.
    Söderquist, Bo
    Propionibacterium acnes activates caspase-1 in human neutrophils2013In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 121, no 7, p. 652-663Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Propionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive, slow-growing, anaerobic bacillus, predominantly found as a commensal on the skin and mucous membranes of adults. It is, however, also considered an opportunistic pathogen; mostly associated with acne vulgaris, but rarely also with severe infections such as infective endocarditis, prosthetic joint infections, and deep sternal wound infections following cardiothoracic surgery. In addition, P. acnes has recently been found in high frequency in prostate tissue from patients with prostatitis and prostate cancer. The NOD-like receptors (NLR) act as intracellular sensors of microbial components, and a number of various bacteria have been found to induce assembling and activation of NLR-inflammasomes; leading to a pro-inflammatory response. The inflammasome-mediated formation of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 involves the auto-proteolytic maturation of caspase-1. This study investigated if P. acnes activates inflammasomes. Propionibacterium acnes isolates (n = 29) with diverse origin were used as stimuli for peripheral leukocytes obtained from blood donors (BDs). The activity of inflammasomes was determined by measuring caspase-1 by flow cytometry and cytokine production by ELISA. A significant amount of caspase-1 was found in neutrophils upon P. acnes stimulation, whereas only a modest activation was seen in monocytes. The activation was mainly produced by components of the bacterial cell and no exo-products, because heat-killed and live bacteria caused high activation of caspase-1 as well as cytokine production, whereas the bacterial supernatant elicited minor effect. The response among different BDs varied significantly, almost fivefold. In addition, P. acnes of various origins showed considerable variation, however, the commensal isolates showed a stronger response compared with the invasive. In conclusion, although regarded as a harmless commensal of the skin, P. acnes strongly activates the inflammasome of human peripheral neutrophils.

  • 21.
    Stenling, Roger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology. Patologi.
    Lindberg, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Rutegård, Jörgen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Palmqvist, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology. Patologi.
    Altered expression of CK7 and CK20 in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions in ulcerative colitis.2007In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 115, no 11, p. 1219-1226Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Tano, Krister
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    von Essen, Robert
    Eriksson, P O
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Sjöstedt, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Alloiococcus otitidis--otitis media pathogen or normal bacterial flora?2008In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 116, no 9, p. 785-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade a new potential otitis media pathogen, Alloiococcus otitidis, has been studied. It is still not clear whether this bacterium really is a pathogen, although it has been found in a high percentage of middle ear effusions in children. The present study aimed to investigate the presence of A. otitidis in the nasopharynx and outer ear canals, and to develop a culture method that would make it possible to isolate A. otitidis from these locations. Nasopharyngeal samples (n = 129) from children below 6 years were investigated by conventional culture on blood agar plates with 6% saline and rabbit antisera against A. otitidis, and by a PCR method. In the same way, we investigated 10 samples from vestibulum nasi of healthy persons, 68 samples from outer ear canals of patients with acute or chronic ear problems, and 24 samples from outer ear canals of healthy persons. In a rat model of acute otitis media, we instilled living A. otitidis into rat middle ears through the tympanic bulla and evaluated the outcome clinically by otomicroscopy at days 3, 6 and 14. Of the 129 nasopharyngeal cultures, 9 were positive for A. otitidis by PCR, but none by the culture method. Of the 68 samples from patients with running ears, 4 were positive for A. otitidis by PCR, but none by the culture method. Of the 24 healthy ear canals, 7 were positive for A. otitidis by PCR and 3 of them also by the culture method. No A. otitidis could be found from the vestibulum nasi. The rat experiment showed that the reactions in the middle ears were mild; we could not provoke a purulent acute otitis media in any of the rats. There was a 7% prevalence of A. otitidis in children below 6 years. The highest prevalence (29%) was found in outer ear canals of healthy persons, which strongly suggests that A. otitidis is part of the normal bacterial flora of the outer ear canal. The doubtful pathogenicity is also confirmed by the fact that--in the rat model--A. otitidis elicited only a mild response in the middle ear. It was possible to isolate A. otitidis using a blood agar plate with 6% saline.

  • 23.
    Widerström, Micael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Wiström, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
    Ek, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Edebro, Helen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Monsen, Tor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Bacteriology.
    Near absence of methicillin-resistance and pronounced genetic diversity among Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from healthy persons in northern Sweden2011In: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS), ISSN 0903-4641, E-ISSN 1600-0463, Vol. 119, no 8, p. 505-512Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the study was to examine if hospital-associated clones of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MDRSE), commonly identified in hospitals in our region, also are spread among healthy persons in the community. A total of 124 isolates of S. epidermidis sampled from subjects attending a Travel health clinic, Umeå, Sweden during 2008 were examined with antibiotic susceptibility testing and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis.

    Resistance to methicillin or any antibiotic was detected in two and 26 of the isolates, respectively. PFGE analysis showed an extensive genetic diversity with 86 different PFGE types, of whom 62 were singletons. No isolates belonged to the previously described hospital-associated MDRSE genotypes, indicating that MDRSE by large are confined to the hospital setting in our region. In conclusion, community-associated isolates of S. epidermidis showed a low level of methicillin-resistance and were genetically extremely diverse with no predominating genotype.

1 - 23 of 23
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf