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  • 1.
    Backman, Olof
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Hand Surgery. Division of Surgery, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Freedman, Jacob
    Marsk, Richard
    Nilsson, Henrik
    Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Without Division of the Mesentery Reduces the Risk of Postoperative Complications2019In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 33, no 9, p. 2858-2863Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Anastomotic complications after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) including leaks, ulceration, and stenosis remain a significant cause of post-operative morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to compare two different surgical techniques regarding short-term anastomotic complications.

    Methods: A retrospective analysis of all patients operated with a primary LRYGB from 2006 to June 2015 in one institution, where prospectively collected data from an internal quality registry and medical journals were analyzed.

    Results: In total, 2420 patients were included in the analysis. 1016 were operated with a technique where the mesentery was divided during the creation of the Roux-limb (DM-LRYGB) and 1404 were operated with a method where the mesentery was left intact (IM-LRYGB). Leakage in the first 30 days [2.6% vs. 1.1% (p < 0.05)], and ulceration or stenosis occurring during the first 6 months after surgery [5.6% vs. 0.1% (p < 0.05)] was significantly higher in the DM-LRYGB group. Adjusted odds ratio for anastomotic leak was 0.46 (95% CI 0.24-0.87) and for stenosis/ulceration 0.01 (95% CI 0.002-0.09).

    Conclusion: IM-LRYGB seems to reduce the risk of complications at the anastomosis. A plausible explanation for this is that the blood supply to the anastomosis is compromised when the mesentery is divided.

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  • 2. Cengiz, Yucel
    et al.
    Dalenbäck, Jan
    Edlund, Gunnar
    Israelsson, Leif A
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Jänes, Arthur
    Möller, Mats
    Thorell, Anders
    Improved outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy with ultrasonic dissection: a randomized multicenter trial2010In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 624-630Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy, dissection with electrocautery starts at the triangle of Calot. In a randomized single-center trial, the fundus-first method (dome down) using ultrasonic dissection was faster, involved less pain or nausea, and had a shorter postoperative sick leave. This may relate to the fundus-first method or to the ultrasonic dissection. In a multicenter trial, 243 elective patients were randomized to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy using electrocautery (n = 85) or the fundus-first method using either electrocautery (n = 81) or ultrasonic dissection (n = 77). The fundus-first method had a shorter operating time with ultrasonic dissection (58 min) than with electrocautery (74 min; p = 0.002). The fundus-first method using ultrasonic dissection compared with electrocautery or the conventional method produced less blood loss (12 vs. 53 or 36 ml; p < 0.001) and fewer gallbladder perforations (26% vs. 46% or 49%; p = 0.005). Also, the pain and nausea scores at 4 and 6 h were lower, and the sick leave was shorter (6.1 vs. 9.4 and 9 days, respectively; p < 0.001). The fundus-first method using ultrasonic dissection is associated with less blood loss, fewer gallbladder perforations, less pain and nausea, and shorter sick leave than the conventional and fundus-first method using electrocautery. The difference seems related to the use of ultrasonic dissection.

  • 3.
    Dahlstrand, Ursula
    et al.
    CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden and Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden and Department of Surgical Gastroenterology K53, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sandblom, Gabriel
    CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ljungdahl, Mikael
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wollert, Staffan
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gunnarsson, Ulf
    CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    TEP under general anesthesia is superior to Lichtenstein under local anesthesia in terms of pain 6 weeks after surgery: results from a randomized clinical trial2013In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 27, no 10, p. 3632-3638Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Persistent pain is common after inguinal hernia repair. The methods of surgery and anesthesia influence the risk. Local anesthesia and laparoscopic procedures reduce the risk for postoperative pain in different time perspectives. The aim of this study was to compare open Lichtenstein repair under local anesthesia (LLA) with laparoscopic total extraperitoneal repair (TEP) with respect to postoperative pain.

    METHODS: Between 2006 and 2010, a total of 389 men with a unilateral primary groin hernia were randomized, in an open-label study, to either TEP (n = 194) or LLA (n = 195). One patient in the TEP group and four in the LLA group were excluded due to protocol violation. Details about the procedure and patient and hernia characteristics were registered. Patients completed the Inguinal Pain Questionnaire (IPQ) 6 weeks after surgery. [The study is registered in ClinicalTrials.gov (No. NCT01020058)].

    RESULTS: A total of 378 (98.4 %) patients completed the IPQ. One hundred forty-eight patients (39.1 %) reported some degree of pain, 22 of whom had pain that affected concentration during daily activities. Men in the TEP group had less risk for pain affecting daily activities (6/191 vs. 16/187; odds ratio [OR] 0.35; 95 % CI 0.13-0.91; p = 0.025). Pain prevented participation in sporting activities less frequently after TEP (4.2 vs. 15.5 %; OR 0.24; 95 % CI 0.09-0.56; p < 0.001). Twenty-nine patients (7.7 %) reported sick leave exceeding 1 week due to groin pain, with no difference between the treatment groups.

    CONCLUSIONS: Patients who underwent the laparoscopic TEP procedure suffered less pain 6 weeks after inguinal hernia repair than those who underwent LLA. Groin pain affected the LLA patients' ability to perform strenuous activities such as sports more than TEP patients.

  • 4. Grong, Eivind
    et al.
    Kulseng, Bård
    Arbo, Ingerid Brænne
    Nord, Christoffer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Molecular Medicine (UCMM).
    Eriksson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Molecular Medicine (UCMM).
    Ahlgren, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Molecular Medicine (UCMM).
    Mårvik, Ronald
    Sleeve gastrectomy, but not duodenojejunostomy, preserves total beta-cell mass in Goto-Kakizaki rats evaluated by three-dimensional optical projection tomography2016In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 532-542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background In type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is a progressive loss of beta-cell mass. Bariatric surgery has in recent investigations showed promising results in terms of diabetes remission, but little is established regarding the effect of surgery on the survival or regeneration of pancreatic beta-cells. In this study, we aim to explore how bariatric surgery with its subsequent hormonal alterations affects the islets of Langerhans.

    Methods Twenty-four Goto-Kakizaki rats were operated with duodenojejunostomy (DJ), sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or sham operation. From the 38th week after surgery, body weight, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, mixed meal tolerance with repeated measures of insulin, glucagon-like peptide 1, gastrin and total ghrelin were evaluated. Forty-six weeks after surgery, the animals were euthanized and the total beta-cell mass in all animals was examined by three-dimensional volume quantification by optical projection tomography based on the signal from insulin-specific antibody staining.

    Results Body weight did not differ between groups (Pg = 0.37). SG showed lower fasting blood glucose compared to DJ and sham (Pg = 0.037); HbA1c levels in SG were lower compared to DJ only (p\0.05). GLP-1 levels were elevated for DJ compared to SG and sham (Pg = 0.001), whereas gastrin levels were higher in SG compared to the two other groups (Pg = 0.002). Beta-cell mass was significantly greater in animals operated with SG compared to both DJ and sham (p = 0.036).

    Conclusion Sleeve gastrectomy is superior to duodenojejunostomy and sham operation when comparing the preservation of beta-cell mass 46 weeks after surgery in Goto-Kakizaki rats. This could be related to both the increased gastrin levels and the long-term improvement in glycemic parameters observed after this procedure.

  • 5.
    Haapamäki, Markku M
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Lindström, Monica
    Sandzén, Birger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Low-volume bowel preparation is inferior to standard 4 l polyethylene glycol2010In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 897-901Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Four liters or more of orally taken polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) has proved to be an effective large-bowel cleansing method prior to colonoscopy. The problem has been the large volume of fluid and its taste, which is unacceptable to some examinees. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of 2 l PEG combined with senna compared with 4 l PEG for bowel preparation.

    METHODS: The design was a single-center, prospective, randomized, investigator-blinded study with parallel assignment, in the setting of the Endoscopy Unit of Umeå University Hospital. Outpatients (n = 490) scheduled for colonoscopy were enrolled. The standard-volume arm received 4 l PEG, and the low-volume arm received 36 mg senna glycosides in tablets and 2 l PEG. The cleansing result (primary endpoint) was assessed by the endoscopist using the Ottawa score. The patients rated the subjective grade of ease of taking the bowel preparation. Analysis was on an intention-to-treat basis.

    RESULTS: There were significantly more cases with poor or inadequate bowel cleansing after the low-volume alternative with senna and 2 l PEG (22/203) compared with after 4 l PEG (8/196, p = 0.027). The low-volume alternative was better tolerated by the examinees: 119/231 rated the treatment as easy to take compared with 88/238 in the 4 l PEG arm (p = 0.001).

    CONCLUSIONS: 4 l PEG treatment is better than 36 mg senna and 2 l PEG as routine colonic cleansing before colonoscopy because of fewer failures.

  • 6.
    Lundberg, Owe
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Kristoffersson, Ander
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Pneumoperitoneum impairs blood flow and augments tumor growth in the abdominal wall.2004In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 293-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite several clinical and experimental studies, the mechanisms behind the development of port site metastases in laparoscopic surgery have remained largely unknown. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of pneumoperitoneum on blood flow in the abdominal wall and its possible effects on tumor growth at this site. METHODS: A total of 40 Wistar Fu rats had a laser Doppler probe placed on their left rectus muscle and a suspension of 50,000 adenocarcinoma cells was injected into their right rectus muscle. The experimental group (n = 20) was insufflated with air at 10 mmHg for 45 min while abdominal blood flow was registered before and during insufflation and after exsufflation. The control group (n = 20) was not insufflated but the blood flow was recorded in the same manner. After 9 days, all animals were killed and the occurrence of tumor was observed. The tumors were analyzed with respect to weight and volume. RESULTS: The insufflation caused an 82% reduction in blood flow in the experimental group (p < 0.001). No reduction in blood flow was registered in the control group. Tumor nodules developed significantly more often in the insufflated group (20/20) compared to the controls (14/20) (p = 0.016). Tumor weight (p = 0.003) and volume (p < 0.001) were significantly increased in the insufflated group. CONCLUSIONS: Pneumoperitoneum seems to enhance tumor growth. It also causes a significant reduction in blood flow in the abdominal wall, which may contribute to the increased susceptibility of tumor take.

  • 7.
    Lundberg, Owe
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Kristoffersson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Reduction of abdominal wall blood flow by clamping or carbon dioxide insufflation increases tumor growth in the abdominal wall: an experimental study in rats.2005In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 720-723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that there is a reduction of blood flow in the abdominal wall in rats insufflated with air concomitant with an increase in tumor growth. The present study was designed to examine whether a reduction of blood flow achieved by clamping or insufflation with carbon dioxide (CO(2)) would increase tumor growth in the abdominal wall. METHODS: In the first part of the experiments, laser Doppler blood flow of both rectus muscles was measured in 16 Wistar Fu rats. The left rectus muscle was clamped to reduce blood flow, and 5 x 10(4) adenocarcinoma cells were injected into both rectus muscles. Clamping was maintained for 45 min. In the second part, 22 rats had 5 x 10(4) adenocarcinoma cells injected into the rectus muscle and blood flow was measured. The experimental group (n = 11) was insufflated with CO(2) at 10 mmHg for 45 min; the control group (n = 11) was not insufflated. After 9 days, tumor weight and volume were analyzed. RESULTS: Clamping caused a 69% reduction of blood flow (p < 0.001), whereas no reduction was registered on the nonclamped side. Tumor weight (p = 0.028) and volume (p = 0.030) were increased on the clamped side. The insufflation of CO(2) caused a 71% reduction of blood flow, whereas no reduction was registered in the control group. Tumor weight (p = 0.006) and volume (p = 0.006) were increased in the insufflated group. CONCLUSION: Clamping, as well as CO(2) insufflation, causes a significant reduction of blood flow in the abdominal wall, which seems to increase tumor growth at the same site.

  • 8. Noel, Rozh
    et al.
    Enochsson, Lars
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Swahn, Fredrik
    Löhr, Matthias
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Permert, Johan
    Arnelo, Urban
    A 10-year study of rendezvous intraoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiography during cholecystectomy and the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis2013In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 2498-2503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Rendezvous intraoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (RV-IOERC), also called guidewire-facilitated IOERC, is one of the single-stage options available for managing common bile duct stones (CBDS) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The objective of this study is to investigate procedure-related complications in IOERC patients and stone clearance.

    METHODS: All patients who underwent IOERC between January 2000 and December 2009 were identified from the local registry of Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge. Medical charts and ERC reports were studied, and descriptive statistics were obtained. Outcomes were procedure-related complications, especially post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP), stone clearance, and mortality.

    RESULTS: 307 patients were identified. In 264 of the patients, the rendezvous cannulation technique was successful (86 %); in the remaining 43 patients, conventional cannulation technique was necessary. In total, PEP occurred in seven patients (2.28 %). One of the PEP patients was in the rendezvous cannulated group (0.37 %), whereas six patients developed PEP in the nonrendezvous group (13.95 %, p < 0.001). The primary stone clearance rate was 88.27 % (271/307). There was no mortality within 90 days in the series.

    CONCLUSIONS: IOERC with RV cannulation technique for management of CBDS during laparoscopic cholecystectomy has a low PEP rate and a high stone clearance rate, making it a safe and feasible method for removing CBDS. However, the technique requires logistics to perform IOERC in the operating theater. The present data suggest that IOERC with RV cannulation is superior to conventional cannulation with respect to risk of PEP.

  • 9. Oussi, Ninos
    et al.
    Loukas, Constantinos
    Kjellin, Ann
    Lahanas, Vasileios
    Georgiou, Konstantinos
    Henningsohn, Lars
    Felländer-Tsai, Li
    Georgiou, Evangelos
    Enochsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Video analysis in basic skills training: a way to expand the value and use of BlackBox training?2018In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 87-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Basic skills training in laparoscopic high-fidelity simulators (LHFS) improves laparoscopic skills. However, since LHFS are expensive, their availability is limited. The aim of this study was to assess whether automated video analysis of low-cost BlackBox laparoscopic training could provide an alternative to LHFS in basic skills training.

    Methods: Medical students volunteered to participate during their surgical semester at the Karolinska University Hospital. After written informed consent, they performed two laparoscopic tasks (PEG-transfer and precision-cutting) on a BlackBox trainer. All tasks were videotaped and sent to MPLSC for automated video analysis, generating two parameters (Pl and Prtcl_tot) that assess the total motion activity. The students then carried out final tests on the MIST-VR simulator. This study was a European collaboration among two simulation centers, located in Sweden and Greece, within the framework of ACS-AEI.

    Results: 31 students (19 females and 12 males), mean age of 26.2 +/- 0.8 years, participated in the study. However, since two of the students completed only one of the three MIST-VR tasks, they were excluded. The three MIST-VR scores showed significant positive correlations to both the Pl variable in the automated video analysis of the PEG-transfer (RSquare 0.48, P < 0.0001; 0.34, P = 0.0009; 0.45, P < 0.0001, respectively) as well as to the Prtcl_tot variable in that same exercise (RSquare 0.42, P = 0.0002; 0.29, P = 0.0024; 0.45, P < 0.0001). However, the correlations were exclusively shown in the group with less PC gaming experience as well as in the female group.

    Conclusion: Automated video analysis provides accurate results in line with those of the validated MIST-VR. We believe that a more frequent use of automated video analysis could provide an extended value to cost-efficient laparoscopic BlackBox training. However, since there are gender-specific as well as PC gaming experience differences, this should be taken in account regarding the value of automated video analysis.

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  • 10. Soreide, Jon Arne
    et al.
    Karlsen, Lars Normann
    Sandblom, Gabriel
    Enochsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): lessons learned from population-based national registries: a systematic review2019In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 1731-1748Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was introduced more than four decades ago as a diagnostic tool for biliary and pancreatic diseases. Currently, ERCP is mainly used as a therapeutic approach to relieve biliary or pancreatic duct obstruction. Clinical practice has been based on a few large reports and some randomized controlled trials. These data are valuable and important, but the external validity of these reports is limited. Implementation into routine practice should be balanced with the knowledge that these studies were conducted under very specific circumstances. This review was undertaken to describe ERCP results from population-based national registries recorded during routine clinical practice.

    Methods: A systematic literature search of the electronic databases Medline Ovid and Embase was conducted. Eligible papers were selected and data were recorded according to the PRISMA criteria.

    Results: Thirty-one studies were included: 15 true national population-based and 16 population-level studies. Most studies originated from countries with a governmental public health care system. At least three-quarters of the ERCP procedures are currently therapeutic, and the technical success rate is high (>90%). The postprocedure 30-day mortality rate ranged between 1 and 5% and was strongly correlated with older age, male sex, emergency admission, and noncancer comorbidities, but exhibited a lower correlation with the annual ERCP volume. Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis or liver cirrhosis should receive particular attention. The risk of developing a bile duct, liver, or pancreas malignancy after ERCP tended to increase, but endoscopic sphincterotomy did not affect this risk.

    Conclusion: ERCP is currently mainly used as a therapeutic approach, and the results are generally likely to improve patients' conditions. A nationwide registry enables better monitoring of routine clinical practice. The collection of valuable information from routine clinical practice in population-based databases may help to improve patient care from best evidence to best practice.

  • 11. Strömberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Arnelo, Urban
    Enochsson, Lars
    Löhr, Matthias
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Possible mortality reduction by endoscopic sphincterotomy during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: a population-based case-control study.2012In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 1369-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is widely used for young patients, but ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy in particular are reported to be associated with increased complication and mortality rates. This study aimed to calculate mortality and to identify risk factors for death within 90 days after ERCP for nonmalignant disease.

    METHODS: From the Swedish Hospital Discharge Registry, the authors identified all individuals in Stockholm County who had undergone in-patient ERCP during 1990-2003. Among these individuals, they excluded those recorded in the Swedish Cancer Registry as having a diagnosis of malignancy in the liver, pancreas, or bile ducts. Cases, defined as patients who had died within 90 days after the procedure, were identified by cross-linkage to the causes of death registry. Control subjects were randomly sampled from the same cohort. The medical records were studied to discern risk factors for death after ERCP.

    RESULTS: The mortality rate was 1.6%. Advanced age, severe comorbidity, high complexity of the procedure, and occurrence of a complication were associated with death within 90 days, whereas a previous cholecystectomy or the simultaneous performance of an endoscopic sphincterotomy reduced the risk.

    CONCLUSIONS: Old age and comorbidity are the main risk factors for death after ERCP, but a complex procedure or the occurrence of a complication also seems to increase short-term mortality. The performance of a sphincterotomy may reduce the risk of death, possibly by facilitating adequate drainage. A previous cholecystectomy also may decrease the risk of death after ERCP.

  • 12. Tempe, Fredrik
    et al.
    Janes, Arthur
    Cengiz, Yucel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Cost analysis comparing ultrasonic fundus-first and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy using electrocautery2013In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 27, no 8, p. 2856-2859Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Costs associated with laparoscopic fundus-first cholecystectomy using ultrasonic dissection versus a conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy has not been compared. Adult patients subjected to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy between June 2002 and March 2004 were randomized to either an ultrasonic fundus-first dissection or dissection from the triangle of Calot with electrocautery. Differences in direct and indirect costs related to either technique were studied. The duration of the operation and hospitalization was longer when dissection was with the conventional technique. With the ultrasonic fundus-first technique, the direct cost was 1,190 SEK lower, and the total cost, taking also the cost for sick leave into account, was 5,370 SEK lower. Both direct and indirect costs are lower with a laparoscopic fundus-first cholecystectomy using ultrasonic dissection than conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy using electrocautery.

  • 13.
    GlobalSurg Collaborative, (Contributor)
    NIHR Unit on Global Surgery (Universities of Birmingham, Edinburgh and Warwick), University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4SA, UK.
    Sund, Malin (Contributor)
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Andersson, Linda (Contributor)
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Gunnarsson, Ulf (Contributor)
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Laparoscopy in management of appendicitis in high-, middle-, and low-income countries: a multicenter, prospective, cohort study2018In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 3450-3466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency worldwide. Differences between high- and low-income settings in the availability of laparoscopic appendectomy, alternative management choices, and outcomes are poorly described. The aim was to identify variation in surgical management and outcomes of appendicitis within low-, middle-, and high-Human Development Index (HDI) countries worldwide.

    METHODS: This is a multicenter, international prospective cohort study. Consecutive sampling of patients undergoing emergency appendectomy over 6 months was conducted. Follow-up lasted 30 days.

    RESULTS: 4546 patients from 52 countries underwent appendectomy (2499 high-, 1540 middle-, and 507 low-HDI groups). Surgical site infection (SSI) rates were higher in low-HDI (OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.33-4.99, p = 0.005) but not middle-HDI countries (OR 1.38, 95% CI 0.76-2.52, p = 0.291), compared with high-HDI countries after adjustment. A laparoscopic approach was common in high-HDI countries (1693/2499, 67.7%), but infrequent in low-HDI (41/507, 8.1%) and middle-HDI (132/1540, 8.6%) groups. After accounting for case-mix, laparoscopy was still associated with fewer overall complications (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.42-0.71, p < 0.001) and SSIs (OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.14-0.33, p < 0.001). In propensity-score matched groups within low-/middle-HDI countries, laparoscopy was still associated with fewer overall complications (OR 0.23 95% CI 0.11-0.44) and SSI (OR 0.21 95% CI 0.09-0.45).

    CONCLUSION: A laparoscopic approach is associated with better outcomes and availability appears to differ by country HDI. Despite the profound clinical, operational, and financial barriers to its widespread introduction, laparoscopy could significantly improve outcomes for patients in low-resource environments.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02179112.

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