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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Malmer, Beatrice
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Bergenheim, A Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
    Brännström, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Henriksson, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Heterogeneity in the expression of markers for drug resistance in brain tumors2004In: Clinical Neuropathology, ISSN 0722-5091, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 21-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brain tumors, in general, display a multidrug-resistant phenotype. This study evaluated the immunohistochemical expression and distribution of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance protein (MRP1), lung resistance protein (LRP) and O6 methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in low- and high-grade astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma and in different subgroups of meningioma. The results revealed a marked heterogeneity in the expression and distribution among the analyzed tumors. In astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma, Pgp and MRP1 were observed in the capillary endothelium and in scattered tumor cells, whereas LRP occurred only in tumor cells. A pronounced expression of MGMT was found independent of the histopathological grade. An enhanced expression of MRP1 and LRP in astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma were more often evident in older patients (> 50 years). Survival analysis suggested a markedly decreased overall survival for patients suffering from low-grade glioma overexpressing Pgp. In meningioma, a heterogeneous expression of Pgp, MRP1, LRP and MGMT was seen with the most prominent staining localized to the capillary endothelium. Pgp was significantly more often overexpressed (p < 0.05) in transitional compared to meningothelial meningioma. The marked heterogeneity in the expression suggests that analysis of these factors can be of importance in the selection of individualized chemotherapy, regardless of tumor type.

  • 2.
    Asklund, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Danfors, T
    Henriksson, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    PET response and tumor stabilization under erlotinib and bevacizumab treatment of an intracranial lesion non-invasively diagnosed as likely chordoma2011In: Clinical Neuropathology, ISSN 0722-5091, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 242-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Chordoma is a rare and a slow-growing tumor originating from the notochord and commonly localized in the skull base. Surgery and occasionally radiotherapy have emerged as the treatments of choice. In the relapsed situations available treatment options are strictly limited; however, recently molecularly targeted agents have been proposed to be of potential beneficial value. THE CASE: A 63-year-old male presenting with seizures and an extradural mass in the left brain hemisphere. An attempt to resect the tumor was followed by severe bradycardia when manipulating with the dura and therefore discontinued. It was considered too hazardous even to take a biopsy specimen. The tumor was considered radiologically and macroscopically as a chordoma. As the tumor progressed after radiotherapy, chemotherapy with erlotinib in combination with cetuximab was initiated. This treatment was interrupted due to progressive disease and toxicity. However, combination treatment with erlotinib and bevacizumab normalized the uptake of [11C]methionine PET signal and resulted in a slight tumor shrinkage on MRI. The patient is still (March 2011) free of symptoms, without cranial nerve deficits or seizures. DISCUSSION: This report shows that erlotinib and bevacizumab in combination may completely quench the transport of the essential amino acid methionine to a treatment refractory intracranial tumor bearing radiological and clinical characteristics of a chordoma. Further studies are necessary to establish this strategy as a treatment option for this indication.

  • 3.
    Casar Borota, Olivera
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Scheithauer, B W
    Fougner, S Lyngvi
    Hald, J K
    Ramm-Pettersen, J
    Bollerslev, J
    Spindle cell oncocytoma of the adenohypophysis: report of a case with marked cellular atypia and recurrence despite adjuvant treatment.2009In: Clinical Neuropathology, ISSN 0722-5091, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 91-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spindle cell oncocytoma (SCO) of the adenohypophysis is a recently defined pituitary tumor mimicking a non-functioning macroadenoma and composed of mitochondrion rich tumor cells, positive for S-100, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen and galectin-3 but lacking cytokeratins, pituitary hormones, and neuroendocrine markers. Derivation from pituitary folliculostellate cells (FSCs) has been suggested based upon immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characteristics shared by SCO and FSCs. 10 cases of SCO have been reported to date; of these, 8 underwent a benign clinical course and 2 recurred. We report a case of SCO with typical histologic and immunohistochemical features in addition to marked cellular pleomorphism and nuclear atypia. It showed slow regrowth over a 30-month period of follow-up despite combined surgical and radiotherapy. Despite the benign course of most reported cases, additional experience with longer follow-up are needed to assess clinical, histopathologic, and proliferative indices and their relevance to optimal therapy for this rare pituitary tumor.

  • 4. Yi, W
    et al.
    Haapasalo, H
    Holmlund, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Järvelä, S
    Raheem, O
    Bergenheim, A Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
    Hedman, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Henriksson, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Expression of leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) proteins in human ependymoma relates to tumor location, WHO grade, and patient age2009In: Clinical Neuropathology, ISSN 0722-5091, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 21-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three human leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG1-3) genes and proteins have recently been characterized. LRIG1 has been shown to be a suppressor of tumor growth by counteracting the signaling of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family members, including EGFR (ERBB1). Expression of LRIG proteins seems to be of importance in the pathogenesis of astrocytic tumors. In this study, the expression of LRIG1-3 was evaluated in 51 human ependymomas by immunohistochemistry. LRIG proteins were detected in all ependymomas analyzed, however, with a pronounced heterogeneity in expression and subcellular localization. Higher cytoplasmic immunoreactivity of LRIG1 correlated with older patient age and higher LRIG1 nuclear immunoreactivity with lower WHO Grade. LRIG1 displayed a stronger immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm and nuclei in spinal ependymomas than in the posterior fossa or supratentorial ependymomas, while perinuclear LRIG3 was more highly expressed in supratentorial than in infratentorial ependymomas. The indications that expression and subcellular localization of LRIG proteins could be pathogenetically associated with specific clinicopathological features of ependymoma tumors might be of importance in the carcinogeneses and tumor progression of human ependymomas.

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