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  • 1.
    Boldrup, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Coates, Philip J
    Hedberg, Ylva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Microbiology, Biomedical Laboratory Science.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Dahlqvist, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Nylander, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Expression of p63, COX-2, EGFR and beta-catenin in smokers and patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck reveal variations in non-neoplastic tissue and no obvious changes in smokers.2005In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 1661-1667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), the 6th most common malignancy in the world, is associated with smoking and has a low 5-year survival rate. Various changes have been described at different stages of SCCHN tumour development, including overexpression of p63, a protein important for development of normal epidermal structures. p63 has been suggested to activate beta-catenin, and nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin is an important event in many cancers. Elevated COX-2 activity and overexpression of EGFR protein has been shown in a variety of human cancers, including SCCHN. An important question for the pathogenesis of SCCHN is when the genetic changes take place during the natural course of the disease, and whether they appear in clinically normal oral mucosa to predispose tumour development. We mapped the expression of p63, COX-2, EGFR, beta-catenin, and PP2A in oral mucosa from smokers/non-smokers and from patients with SCCHN. We also considered if changes occurring in tumours are present in the clinically normal tissue adjacent to the tumour. No direct influence of heavy smoking on the levels of the proteins studied could be seen. Tumours and clinically normal non-neoplastic tissue from SCCHN patients showed increased expression of COX-2 and PP2A. Interestingly, non-neoplastic tissue adjacent to SCCHN also showed increased beta-catenin, although this was not seen in tumours. The data support the notion that pre-existing alterations in clinically normal epithelium exist in patients with SCCHN and could be important for the pathogenesis of the disease and for local recurrences.

  • 2. Cui, Baoxia
    et al.
    Zheng, Biying
    Zhang, Xi
    Stendahl, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Andersson, Sonia
    Wallin, Keng-Ling
    Mutation of PIK3CA: possible risk factor for cervical carcinogenesis in older women2009In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 409-416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PIK3CA encodes the p110alpha catalytic subunit of PI 3-kinase, which regulates signaling pathways important for neoplasia, cell proliferation and apoptosis. Somatic mutations in this gene have been detected in several solid human tumors. We investigated these mutations in cervical carcinoma and its precursors, and their association with HPV infection and patient clinical data. The mutations were analyzed using post-PCR direct genomic DNA sequencing. Samples included 9 cervical cancer cell lines, 184 invasive cervical carcinomas, and 30 cervical neoplasias. Missense mutations of PIK3CA were identified in 15/184 (8.15%) invasive cervical carcinomas. One novel mutation G1638C (Q546H) was found. Three mutations were identified in the cervical cancer lines. No mutations were found in the precursors. The difference in mutation frequency between invasive and pre-invasive lesions was not significant (p=0.1372). In relation to age and HPV, the mutation rate was significantly higher in patients>or=60 years (p=0.001), while the rate of HPV infection was higher in patients

  • 3. Hardell, Lennart
    et al.
    Carlberg, Michael
    Hansson Mild, Kjell
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
    Pooled analysis of case-control studies on malignant brain tumours and the use of mobile and cordless phones including living and deceased subjects2011In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 38, no 5, p. 1465-1474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We studied the association between use of mobile and cordless phones and malignant brain tumours. Pooled analysis was performed of two case-control studies on patients with malignant brain tumours diagnosed during 1997-2003 and matched controls alive at the time of study inclusion and one case-control study on deceased patients and controls diagnosed during the same time period. Cases and controls or relatives to deceased subjects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Replies were obtained for 1,251 (85%) cases and 2,438 (84%) controls. The risk increased with latency period and cumulative use in hours for both mobile and cordless phones. Highest risk was found for the most common type of glioma, astrocytoma, yielding in the >10 year latency group for mobile phone use odds ratio (OR) = 2.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.9-3.7 and cordless phone use OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.2-2.9. In a separate analysis, these phone types were independent risk factors for glioma. The risk for astrocytoma was highest in the group with first use of a wireless phone before the age of 20; mobile phone use OR = 4.9, 95% CI = 2.2-11, cordless phone use OR = 3.9, 95% CI = 1.7-8.7. In conclusion, an increased risk was found for glioma and use of mobile or cordless phone. The risk increased with latency time and cumulative use in hours and was highest in subjects with first use before the age of 20.

  • 4. Hardell, Lennart
    et al.
    Carlberg, Michael
    Soderqvist, Fredrik
    Hansson Mild, Kjell
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
    Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use2013In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 1833-1845Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown a consistent association between long-term use of mobile and cordless phones and glioma and acoustic neuroma, but not for meningioma. When used these phones emit radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) and the brain is the main target organ for the hand-held phone. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified in May, 2011 RF-EMF as a group 2B, i.e. a possible' human carcinogen. The aim of this study was to further explore the relationship between especially long-term (>10 years) use of wireless phones and the development of malignant brain tumours. We conducted a new case-control study of brain tumour cases of both genders aged 18-75 years and diagnosed during 2007-2009. One population-based control matched on gender and age (within 5 years) was used to each case. Here, we report on malignant cases including all available controls. Exposures on e.g. use of mobile phones and cordless phones were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed, adjusting for age, gender, year of diagnosis and socio-economic index using the whole control sample. Of the cases with a malignant brain tumour, 87% (n=593) participated, and 85% (n=1,368) of controls in the whole study answered the questionnaire. The odds ratio (OR) for mobile phone use of the analogue type was 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.04-3.3, increasing with >25 years of latency (time since first exposure) to an OR=3.3, 95% CI=1.6-6.9. Digital 2G mobile phone use rendered an OR=1.6, 95% CI=0.996-2.7, increasing with latency >15-20 years to an OR=2.1, 95% CI=1.2-3.6. The results for cordless phone use were OR=1.7, 95% CI=1.1-2.9, and, for latency of 15-20 years, the OR=2.1, 95% CI=1.2-3.8. Few participants had used a cordless phone for >20-25 years. Digital type of wireless phones (2G and 3G mobile phones, cordless phones) gave increased risk with latency >1-5 years, then a lower risk in the following latency groups, but again increasing risk with latency >15-20 years. Ipsilateral use resulted in a higher risk than contralateral mobile and cordless phone use. Higher ORs were calculated for tumours in the temporal and overlapping lobes. Using the meningioma cases in the same study as reference entity gave somewhat higher ORs indicating that the results were unlikely to be explained by recall or observational bias. This study confirmed previous results of an association between mobile and cordless phone use and malignant brain tumours. These findings provide support for the hypothesis that RF-EMFs play a role both in the initiation and promotion stages of carcinogenesis.

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  • 5.
    Hardell, Lennart
    et al.
    Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Carlberg, Michael
    Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Söderqvist, Fredrik
    Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hansson Mild, Kjell
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
    Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 and use of mobile and cordless phones2013In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 1036-1044Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We previously conducted a case-control study of acoustic neuroma. Subjects of both genders aged 20-80 years, diagnosed during 1997-2003 in parts of Sweden, were included, and the results were published. We have since made a further study for the time period 2007-2009 including both men and women aged 18-75 years selected from throughout the country. These new results for acoustic neuroma have not been published to date. Similar methods were used for both study periods. In each, one population-based control, matched on gender and age (within five years), was identified from the Swedish Population Registry. Exposures were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire supplemented by a phone interview. Since the number of acoustic neuroma cases in the new study was low we now present pooled results from both study periods based on 316 participating cases and 3,530 controls. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed, adjusting for age, gender, year of diagnosis and socio-economic index (SEI). Use of mobile phones of the analogue type gave odds ratio (OR) = 2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.0-4.3, increasing with >20 years latency (time since first exposure) to OR = 7.7, 95% CI = 2.8-21. Digital 20 mobile phone use gave OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.1-2.1, increasing with latency >15 years to an OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 0.8-4.2. The results for cordless phone use were OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.1-2.1, and, for latency of >20 years, OR = 6.5, 95% CI = 1.7-26. Digital type wireless phones (20 and 3G mobile phones and cordless phones) gave OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.1-2.0 increasing to OR = 8.1,95% CI = 2.0-32 with latency >20 years. For total wireless phone use, the highest risk was calculated for the longest latency time >20 years: OR = 4.4, 95% CI = 2.2-9.0. Several of the calculations in the long latency category were based on low numbers of exposed cases. Ipsilateral use resulted in a higher risk than contralateral for both mobile and cordless phones. OR increased per 100 h cumulative use and per year of latency for mobile phones and cordless phones, though the increase was not statistically significant for cordless phones. The percentage tumour volume increased per year of latency and per 100 h of cumulative use, statistically significant for analogue phones. This study confirmed previous results demonstrating an association between mobile and cordless phone use and acoustic neuroma.

  • 6. Holmberg, Anders R
    et al.
    Lerner, Ulf H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Oral Cell Biology.
    Alayia, Ayodele A
    Al-Mohanna, Mai
    Adra, Chaker
    Marquez, Marcela
    Meurling, Lennart
    Nilsson, Sten
    Development of a novel poly bisphosphonate conjugate for treatment of skeletal metastasis and osteoporosis2010In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 563-567Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advanced stage prostate and breast cancer frequently metastasize to the skeleton (approximately 75%). An additional complication in these patients, that further affects the bones, is that their hormonal treatment, induces osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates (bpns) are standard drugs against osteoporosis and have been shown to have clinically significant anti-tumor effects. This study describes the development of a new polybisphosphonate conjugate (ODX) with enhanced dual efficacy i.e. with anti-bone resorption and anti-tumor properties. Zoledronic acid (Zometa) was used as a positive control (at equimolar concentrations). Alendronic acid and aminoguanidine were conjugated to oxidized dextran with subsequent reductive amination (on average approximately 8 alendronate and approximately 50 guanidine moieties per conjugate). ODX was tested in a bone resorption assay for its capacity to inhibit bone resorbing osteoclasts (bone organ culture from neonatal mice, 45Ca labelled bone mineral). Tumor cell toxicity was studied on prostate (PC3) and breast cancer (MDA231, MDA453) cell cultures. Two methods were employed, a fluorescent cytotoxicity assay (FMCA) and an apoptosis assay (Annexin V assay). In the bone resorption assay, Zometa and ODX showed very similar potency with 50% osteoclast inhibition at approximately 20 nM and 100% at 0.2 microM. In the FMCA, IC50 for ODX was at approximately 2 microM and 25 microM for Zometa (PC3). In the apoptosis assay, ODX induced approximately 85-97% apoptosis at 10 microM in both cell lines, while Zometa failed to induce any significant apoptosis in any of the cell lines at the tested concentration range (10 nM-10 microM). ODX appears to be a promising drug candidate with high dual efficacy for the treatment of bone metastasis and osteoporosis. It has both potent osteoclast inhibiting properties and enhanced anti-tumor efficacy.

  • 7. Löf-Öhlin, Zarah M
    et al.
    Levanat, Sonja
    Sabol, Maja
    Sorbe, Bengt
    Nilsson, Torbjörn K
    Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Clinical Chemistry, and Department of Biomedicine, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Promoter methylation in the PTCH gene in cervical epithelial cancer and ovarian cancer tissue as studied by eight novel Pyrosequencing® assays2011In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 685-692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    DNA methylation status in the CpG sites of promoter regions in cancer-related genes, such as PTCH, has traditionally been investigated using either dye-terminator sequencing or methylation-specific PCR. We aimed to study the PTCH gene promoter methylation in gynecological cancers, with a method that gives a quantitative measure of the methylation status of the promoter region of the studied gene, and for this purpose, we designed novel Pyrosequencing-based assays. Bisulfite-treated genomic DNA (bsDNA) was amplified by standard PCR and applied to novel Pyrosequencing® assays, in order to measure the methylated fraction (%) at each CpG site of the PTCH gene promoter. We analyzed 22 squamous cell cervical cancer tissue specimens (11 with good and 11 with poor outcomes after radiotherapy) and 5 ovarian cancer tissue specimens matched with 5 normal ovarian tissue specimens. Six optimized PCR protocols which generated 8 Pyrosequencing assays covering 63 CpG sites in the promoter regions 1 and 2 as well as the previously unanalyzed promoter region 3 in the PTCH gene were developed. The 27 tumor tissue specimens and 5 normal tissues did not show any methylation within any of the 63 CpG sites. Our data suggest that methylation of the PTCH promoter is not a high-prevalence feature of squamous cell cervical cancer or ovarian cancer, but Pyrosequencing assays are a good method for studying promoter methylation.

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  • 8. Löf-Öhlin, Zarah M
    et al.
    Sorbe, Bengt
    Wingren, Sten
    Nilsson, Torbjörn K
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and School of Health and Medicine, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hypermethylation of promoter regions of the APC1A and p16INK4a genes in relation to prognosis and tumor characteristics in cervical cancer patients2011In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 683-688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hypermethylation of the O6-MGMT, p14ARF, p16INK4a, RASSF1A and APC1A genes are unfavourable prognostic markers in colorectal cancer (CRC). We hypothesized that they could be related to prognosis also in cervical cancer. Methylation was studied in DNA extracts from surgical specimens of cancer tissue by novel pyrosequencing methods. In 109 patients (90 squamous cell carcinomas, 19 adenocarcinomas), we found that hypermethylation of the APC1A gene promoter occurred in 8.3% of patients, and of p16INK4a in 1.8%. APC1A hypermethylation was significantly related to more advanced FIGO stage of the tumor (P=0.013), larger tumor diameter (P=0.049) and distant recurrence-free survival (P=0.0007), but not with locoregional recurrence rate, age, HPV status, DNA ploidy, tumor grade or malignancy grading score. We conclude that methylation of the APC1A promoter in cervical cancer, as diagnosed by pyrosequencing, is significantly related to major biological characteristics of the tumor, and may be a new predictor of poor prognosis in cervical cancer.

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  • 9. Muller, Susanne
    et al.
    Lindquist, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Kanter, Lena
    Flores-Staino, Carmen
    Henriksson, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Hedman, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Andersson, Sonia
    Expression of LRIG1 and LRIG3 correlates with human papillomavirus status and patient survival in cervical adenocarcinoma2013In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 247-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The incidence of cervical adenocarcinoma, which accounts for 10-20% of all cervical cancers, has increased continuously in developed countries during the last two decades, unlike squamous cell cervical carcinoma. This increasing trend, noted particularly among women under the age of 40 years, has occurred despite extensive cytological Pap smear screening. A deeper understanding of the etiology of cervical adenocarcinoma, better preventive measures and reliable prognostic markers are urgently needed. The human leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) gene family includes: LRIG1, LRIG2 and LRIG3. LRIG expression has proven to be of prognostic value in different types of human cancers, including breast cancer, early stage invasive squamous cervical cancer, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, oligodendroglioma and astrocytoma. LRIG1 functions as a tumor suppressor, while less is known about the functions of LRIG2 and LRIG3. This study evaluated the expression of the three LRIG proteins in tumor specimens from 86 women with pure cervical adenocarcinoma by immunohistochemistry. Possible correlations between LRIG expression and known prognostic factors, including human papillomavirus (HPV) status, FIGO stage and histology were investigated. Patient survival data were collected retrospectively and the possible prognostic value of LRIG protein expression was investigated. High staining intensity of LRIG1 and high fraction of LRIG3-positive cells were significantly associated with patient survival, and positive correlations were found between LRIG1 and LRIG3 staining intensity and HPV status. Thus, the LRIG proteins may be important determinants of cervical adenocarcinoma progression and their diagnostic and prognostic potential should be studied further.

  • 10.
    Nilsson, Torbjörn K
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Clinical chemistry. Örebro University Hospital.
    Löf-Öhlin, Zarah M
    Sun, Xiao-Feng
    DNA methylation of the p14ARF, RASSF1A and APC1A genes as an independent prognostic factor in colorectal cancer patients2013In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 127-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We quantitated the methylated fraction of CpG sites in the promoter regions of O6-MGMT, p14ARF, p16INK4a, RASSF1A and APC1A in tumor tissue from patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) in order to determine if promoter hypermethylation of any of these genes predicts survival. DNA was isolated from 111 primary CRC and 46 matched normal colorectal mucosa samples from the same patients, obtained at primary surgery and DNA methylation was examined by Pyrosequencing®. Follow-up time was up to 20 years. Patients showed partial promoter methylation in the following frequencies: O6-MGMT, 34%; p14ARF, 29%; p16INK4a, 28%; RASSF1A, 14%; and APC1A, 27%. Normal mucosa was always unmethylated. CRC patients with methylated p14ARF gene promoter had significantly worse prognosis (p=0.036), whereas those with methylated O6-MGMT had significantly better prognosis through the first 60 months post-treatment (RR 0.36; p=0.023). Methylation of one or more of the genes from the set p14ARF, RASSF1A and APC1A, was significantly (p=0.021) associated with worse prognosis even adjusting for tumor stage and differentiation (RR 2.2, p=0.037). Thus, DNA methylation of the p14ARF, RASSF1A and APC1A genes, diagnosed by Pyrosequencing, defines a poor prognosis subset of CRC patients independently of both tumor stage and differentiation. O6-MGMT methylation may play a protective role.

  • 11.
    Rentoft, Matilda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Fahlén, Jessica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Coates, PJ
    Laurell, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Rydén, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Nylander, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    miRNA analysis of formalin-fixed squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue is affected by age of the samples2011In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 61-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global miRNA expression arrays were used for analysis of 836 miRNAs in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples from 21 tongue cancer patients and 8 controls. Samples had been stored for one to eleven years. Results separated tumour samples from controls, however, the largest variation was correlated to sample storage time, detectable already after one year. With the use of a linear regression model we could adjust for the storage-dependent effect, leading to the identification of 54 differentially expressed miRNAs in tongue cancer, compared to 16 when using standard normalization, including up-regulation of a novel miRNA, miR-424.

  • 12.
    Rentoft, Matilda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Laurell, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Coates, Philip John
    Sjöström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Nylander, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Gene expression profiling of archival tongue squamous cell carcinomas provides sub-classification based on DNA repair genes2009In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 1321-1330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A subgroup of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) comprise young persons under the age of 40, who have not been heavily exposed to the classical risk factors, smoking and alcohol. The number of SCCHN in young adults, particularly tongue tumours, is increasing in several parts of the world. Here we employed a novel gene expression array methodology specifically developed for analysis of degraded RNA and investigated the expression of 502 cancer-related genes in archival paraffin-embedded SCCHN of the tongue from young (< or =40) and elderly patients (> or =50). Genes detected as de-regulated in tumours compared to non-malignant controls were in concordance with results from earlier studies of fresh frozen material. No genes were detected as significantly differentially expressed between young and old patients suggesting that the overall pathobiology of SCCHN is similar in young and old. Unsupervised clustering divided tumours into three groups, irrespective of age, where several differentially expressed DNA repair genes were a prominent separation factor. High levels of DNA repair genes associated with impaired therapeutic response to radiation, suggesting that DNA repair genes play a role in clinical outcome after radiotherapy.

  • 13. Sorbe, Bengt
    et al.
    Graflund, Marianne
    Nygren, Lisa
    Horvath, György
    Swahn, Marie
    Boman, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Bangshöj, René
    Lood, Margareta
    Malmström, Henric
    A phase II study of docetaxel weekly in combination with carboplatin every three weeks as first line chemotherapy in stage IIB-IV epithelial ovarian cancer: neurological toxicity and quality-of-life evaluation.2012In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 773-781Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to assess the response rate, toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in a series of advanced stage ovarian carcinoma patients treated with a first-line weekly docetaxel and three weekly carboplatin regimens. All eligible patients were treated with intravenous docetaxel (30 mg/m2) on Days 1, 8 and 15, and carboplatin (area under the curve, 5) on Day 1; Q21 days for at least 6 cycles. Neurological tests, questionnaires, and the EORTC QLQ-C30 and OV28 were used for quality-of-life assessments. One hundred and six patients received at least one cycle of primary chemotherapy (median 6.0; range, 1-9) and they were evaluable for toxicity assessment. Eighty-five patients had evaluable disease and received at least 3 courses of chemotherapy and were evaluable for clinical response rate. The overall response rate was 78.8% (95% CI 70.1-87.5%) and the biochemical response was 92.8% (95% CI 87.2-98.4%). The median PFS was 12.0 months and the median OS was 35.3 months. Thirty-six patients (34.0%) experienced grades 3 and 4 neutropenia, which resulted in the removal of 3 patients. Six patients (5.7%) experienced grades 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia. No patients experienced grade 3-4 sensory neuropathy. Epiphora, nail changes and fatigue were frequently recorded non-hematological side effects. The tolerable hematological toxicity (no need for colony-stimulating factors) and the low rate of severe neurotoxicity (only grade 1-2) and response rates in line with the standard 3-week paclitaxel-carboplatin regimen for advanced primary ovarian carcinoma after suboptimal cytoreductive surgery make this regimen an interesting alternative in selected patients.

  • 14.
    Taube, Magdalena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Höckenström, T
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Isaksson, M
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lindgren, Peter R
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Bäckström, Torbjörn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Effects of sex steroids on survival and receptor expression in ovarian epithelial tumour cells2003In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1257-1262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The factors that govern the genesis and progression of ovarian cancer remain unclear. It is thought that ovarian tumours are endocrine related and hormone dependent. We therefore investigated the effects of the sex steroids progesterone, testosterone and 17 beta-estradiol on tumour cell survival and the expression of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) in tumour cells. The study was performed on primary cell cultures derived from patients suffering from epithelial ovarian cancer. The majority of the cells isolated expressed ER and PR to some degree, the combination ER+/PR+ was the most common. Both ER and PR expression decreased after 72-h culture, revealing an unexpectedly dynamic system. The survival rates of cells cultured in progesterone seemed to be inversely related to their PR expression. Lowering levels of 17 beta-estradiol and testosterone in cell cultures reduced cell survival, but it appears that this observation depends on factors other than ER.

  • 15.
    Taube, Magdalena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Höckenström, T
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Isaksson, M
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Lindgren, Peter R
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Bäckström, Torbjörn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Low sex steroid environment affects survival and steroid secretion of ovarian tumour cells in primary cultures2002In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 589-594Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ovarian epithelial tumours are considered to be endocrine related. The effects of an environment with low levels of the steroid hormones 17 beta-estradiol, testosterone or progesterone on cell survival and steroid secretion were studied in primary cell cultures derived from 25 patients suffering from epithelial ovarian tumours. Tumour cells cultured in 17 beta-estradiol and testosterone showed a reduced cell survival (-10.3 +/- 2.3% and -15.6 +/- 2.7% minimum survival respectively). This reduction was inversely proportional to hormone concentrations within the range studied. No similar effect was observed in the progesterone cultures. It was found that 17 beta-estradiol was secreted from the primary cell cultures and, interestingly, the amount of 17 beta-estradiol secreted increased with increasing levels of 17 beta-estradiol in the environment. Neither progesterone nor testosterone production was observed in any of the cultures studied. It is believed that 17 beta-estradiol has an antiapoptotic effect on ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells. Reduction of 17 beta-estradiol in the environment may inhibit this effect, resulting in reduced cell survival. The ability of ovarian epithelial tumour cells to secrete 17 beta-estradiol suggests that epithelial ovarian tumours play an active role in altering their own hormonal environment, promoting tumour progression.

  • 16.
    Thurfjell, Niklas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Coates, Philip J
    Uusitalo, Tony
    Mahani, David
    Dabelsteen, Erik
    Dahlqvist, Ake
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Sjöström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Roos, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Nylander, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Biosciences, Pathology.
    Complex p63 mRNA isoform expression patterns in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.2004In: International Journal of Oncology, ISSN 1019-6439, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 27-35Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 16 of 16
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