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  • 1.
    Aagaard, Hanne
    et al.
    Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Hall, ElisabethO.C.
    Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Faculty of Health Sciences and Nursing University of Faroe Islands, Torshavn, Faroe Islands.
    Audulv, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ludvigsen, Mette S.
    Department of Clinical Medicine - Randers Regional Hospital, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Westergren, Thomas
    Department of Public Health, University of Stavanger, Norway; Department of Nursing Science, University of Agder, Norway.
    Fegran, Liv
    Department of Nursing Science, University of Agder, Norway.
    Parents’ experiences of transitioning to home with a very-low-birthweight infant: a meta-ethnography2023In: Journal of Neonatal Nursing, ISSN 1355-1841, E-ISSN 1878-089X, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 444-452Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medical-technological advances and neurodevelopmental care have improved the survival of extremely- and very-low-birthweight infants born before 32 weeks' gestation. After months in neonatal care, the infants are discharged, and parents exited but full of anxiety. This review is designed as a meta-ethnography, addressing parents' discharge experiences to comprehend the synthesised research, which includes 12 eligible studies. From the analysis, we constructed three themes: ‘approaching discharge with both uncertainty and confidence’; ‘discharge as a longed-for though disordering turning point’; and ‘facing joys, worries and multiple challenges when at home’. The overarching interpretation was ‘discharge as double-edged sword’. We conclude that bringing home very-low-birthweight infants is a joyful event, yet parents also experience discharge as never-endingly worrying, as a time filled with challenges to which parents must adapt and as necessitating continuous support from knowledgeable providers.

  • 2.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Angquist, Karl-Axel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Relationships between work-related factors and disorders in the neck-shoulder and low-back region among female and male ambulance personnel.2005In: Journal of Occupational Health, ISSN 1341-9145, E-ISSN 1348-9585, Vol. 47, no 6, p. 481-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This cross-sectional study on a random sample of 1,500 ambulance personnel investigated the relationships between self-reported work-related physical and psychosocial factors, worry about work conditions, and musculoskeletal disorders among female and male ambulance personnel. Three different outcomes, complaints, activity limitation, and sick leave, for the neck-shoulder and low-back region, respectively, were chosen. Among the female personnel, physical demands was significantly associated with activity limitation in the neck-shoulder (OR 4.13) and low-back region (OR 2.17), and psychological demands with neck-shoulder (OR 2.37) and low-back (OR 2.28) complaints. Among the male personnel, physical demands was significantly associated with low-back complaints (OR 1.41) and activity limitation (OR 1.62). Psychological demands and lack of social support were significantly associated with neck-shoulder complaints (OR 1.86 and OR 1.58, respectively) and activity limitation (OR 3.46 and OR 1.71) as well as activity limitation due to low-back complaints (OR 2.22 and OR 1.63). Worry about work conditions was independently associated with activity limitation due to low-back complaints among the female (OR 5.28), and to both neck-shoulder and low-back complaints (OR 1.79 and OR 2.04, respectively) and activity limitation (OR 2.32 and OR 1.95) among the male personnel. In conclusion, the association patterns between physical and psychological demands and MSDs suggest opportunities for intervention.

  • 3.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ängquist, Karl-Axel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Work-related psychosocial factors, worry about work conditions and health complaints among female and male ambulance personnel.2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 251-258Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Abduljalel, Hassan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Johansson, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter i mötet med inneliggande suicidala patienter - En litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicidal patients constitute a large patient group within psychiatric inpatient care and can be a challenging patient group for the healthcare staff. Suicidal patients need help and support from nurses to feel better. Dealing with suicidal thoughts, feelings and behaviors can evoke difficult feelings for healthcare professionals.

    Aim: The purpose of this literature study was to describe nurses’ experiences of meeting suicidal inpatients.

    Methods: This is a literature review that includes eight scientific articles retrieved from Pubmed and CINAHL. After a quality review, the results in the selected articles were analyzed with the support of Friberg's analysis model. Common areas in the selected articles are identified and presented in sub-themes and themes.

    Results: From the articles, two themes and four subthemes have been formed. The first theme is “Being Engaged” and the second theme is “Being Frustrated and Suffering”. In the results it is mentioned that being engaged is about balancing professionalism and creating a safe care relationship in the meeting with hospitalised suicidal patients. Being frustrated and suffering is about feeling worry and resentment as well as feeling self-blame and self-doubt.

    Conclusion: Dealing with suicidal patients can arouse difficult feelings in nurses, which are incredibly important to address and discuss. With more knowledge in the field, care will develop more in the right direction.

    Keywords: Inpatient care, Nurse experiences, Psychiatric care, Suicide, Suicide attempt.

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  • 5.
    Abelseth Eriksson, Jeanita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Frykland, Tove
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Operationssjuksköterskors erfarenheter relaterade till blodsmitta2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: During surgery there is a risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens due to the handlings of sharp objects and exposure from blood splash. Blood-borne pathogens like HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C spread when contaminated blood comes in contact with damaged skin, mucous membranes or by an injury with a contaminated instrument. Sharps-injuries and blood-splash are the most common forms of exposure in the operating theatre. Patients with a blood-borne infection can feel stigmatized due to their illness. Health care personnel must provide equal care, and not discriminate against patients

    Motive: Theatre nurses work in an environment where there is risk of exposure of blood-borne pathogens, it is therefore of value to examine theatre nurses' experiences related to blood-borne pathogensAim: To shed light on operating theatre nurses' experiences related to blood-borne pathogens.

    Methods: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with operating theatre nurses (n=8). Collected data were analyzed according to qualitative content analysis.

    Result: The analysis resulted in three different categories: "Experiencing risk", "Feeling safe" and "Constantly developing".

    Conclusion: The theatre nurse gains confidence in working with patients with known blood-borne pathogens with experience. Availability of information and good routines are important factors as it can otherwise create uncertainty due to the constantly developing nature of the operating theatre nurse's work, and the adding of new routines. There is a risk that patients avoid disclosure of infection in fear of stigmatization and discrimination, and not all carriers of blood-borne pathogens have been tested and diagnosed.  Therefore, all patients should be seen as potential carriers.

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  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sörlin, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att vara förälder till ett barn med Diabetes typ 1: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie som beskriver föräldraras självupplevda erfarenheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Title: Being a parent of a child with type 1 diabetes

    Background: Type 1 diabetes is a common chronic childhood disease. The prevalence is increasing in several countries worldwide. Type 1 diabetes require a lifelong treatment. There is a risk of complications unless the blood sugar is maintained at normal levels.

    Aim: To describe parents self-perceived experiences of living with children with type 1 diabetes.

    Method: A literature study was conducted. The article search was done in PubMed and CINAHL databases. The results of ten qualitative studies were reviewed, analyzed and compiled. 

    Result: The result is presented in four main categories: Entering a new parent role, relate to a new everyday situation, the need for support and take and give responsibility.

    Conclusion: Parents are constantly exposed to challenges and adaptations in their daily lives. Transferring responsibility of the child was hard for the parents because of distrust and concern. Through the nurses encouragement and support about parents self-care ability, parent could be helped to feel safe about their children's daily care.

     

     

     

  • 7.
    Abrahamsson, Ellinor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Säll, Marielle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter inom hemsjukvård i glesbygd: En intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund: Sveriges befolkning blir äldre och andelen med beviljade hemsjukvårdsinsatser ökar. Troligtvis kommer mer hälso- och sjukvårdsinsatser att utföras av distriktssköterskor inom kommunal hemsjukvård istället för på sjukhus i framtiden. Kraven kommer därmed att öka på distriktssköterskan i hemsjukvården och detta kan i synnerhet gälla i glesbygd där tillgänglighet till hälso- och sjukvård redan är begränsad. Motiv: Det går att se en brist på kunskap gällande distriktssköterskor och hemsjukvård. Det finns dessutom få studier som riktar sig till distriktssköterskor som vårdar patienter i glesbygd.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att belysa distriktssköterskors upplevelse av att vårda patienter inom kommunal hemsjukvård i glesbygd.

    Metod: En kvalitativ studie där 11 distriktssköterskor inom hemsjukvården i en glesbygdskommun i norra Sverige deltog. Data samlades in genom semi-strukturerade intervjuer och analyserades med hjälp av innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i 13 subkategorier, vilket mynnade ut i fyra kategorier: Familjära möten i hemmet gynnar alla, trivsam & utmanande arbetsmiljö, omväxlande vårdbehov sätter distriktssköterskan på prov och kollegor & resurser - alla är viktiga.

    Diskussion: Virginia Hendersons omvårdnadsteori diskuterades i resultatet angående främjandet av patientens oberoende samt autonomi. Dessutom diskuterades teknikens möjligheter i glesbygd och hur läkarbristen försvårade för distriktssköterskan, detta jämfördes med andra studier.

    Konklusion: För att kunna bedriva en bra hemsjukvård i glesbygd behövs det satsas på en mer utvecklad telemedicin och en större andel fasta läkare, för en trygg och jämlik hemsjukvård - dygnet runt - även i glesbygd.

  • 8.
    Abrahamsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ljungdahl Ristare, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att vara man i ett kvinnodominerat yrke: Manliga vårdares upplevelser av att bemöta kvinnor i situationer som kan upplevas intima och de hanteringsstrategier som används2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Throughout history, the healthcare has been dominated primarily by female caregivers. There are areas for men in nursing which can be considered as taboo. These areas can often be related to intimate care of the opposite sex. Men do primarily work in technical positions in healthcare, for example as a radiographer. At present there is a knowledge gap regarding male radiographers’ intimate care of the opposite sex.

    Aim: Illuminate male caregivers' experiences of dealing with women in situations that can be experienced intimate in Western culture, and management strategies used.

    Method: Nine quality controlled qualitative studies were used in the result. These studies have been analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. The outcome resulted in two domains divided into three categories each, illuminating the experiences and handling strategies for how male caregivers perform and experiences giving intimate care to female patients.

    Results: Male caregivers’ express concern about sexual charges. They also experience prejudice and feel placed in stereotypical compartments that may affect their work with intimate care. To protect themselves they use methods such as communication, breaking the ice or taking help of female colleagues. Several male caregivers describe shortcomings in their education to learn how to handle intimate care.

    Conclusion: Further research is needed in the field of gender in healthcare and radiography linked to the male caregivers’ perspective of providing care. 

  • 9.
    Abrahamsson, Marléne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Viklund, Mikael
    Personers upplevelse av att leva med diabetesfotsår: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Peoples experience of living with diabetic foot ulcers

    Abstract

    Background: Foot ulcers related to diabetes is a global problem. These ulcers can be difficult to heal and very painful for the affected person. Risk for infections and amputations are high. Diabetic foot ulcers can change the affected person’s life world.

    Aim: The purpose of the literature study was to illustrate people's experiences of living with diabetic foot ulcers.

    Method: A literature study based on twelve articles with qualitative approach. The results from respective article has been reviewed, analyzed and compiled. The databases that were used was CINAHL, PubMed, MEDLINE och PsycINFO.

    Result: The analyze resulted in two categories and a total of five subcategories. The categories were: Lost autonomy and Emotional suffering.

    Conclusion: The experience of living with diabetic foot ulcers varies between individuals, but common to many is that they suffer in different ways and that the quality of life deteriorate. The nurse can be a cause of the suffering, but also a hopeful mainstay. To provide person-centered care and see the whole individual is a prerequisite for good nursing care.

    Keywords: Diabetic foot ulcers, experience, suffering.

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  • 10.
    Abrahamsson, Mirjam
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Furufalk, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jämställdhet är...en alldeles för stor fråga: Barnmorskors uppfattningar om unga mäns ansvarstagande, delaktighet och möjlighet till råd och stöd, vid oönskade eller oplanerade graviditeter.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate midwives perceptions about young men’s responsibility and participation in case of unwanted and unplanned pregnancies and their ideas of support aimed at men, from an equality standpoint.

    Design: Semi-structured interviews with seven midwives in the north of Sweden. The interviews were analyzed with a qualitative content-analysis and from a Critical theory-perspective. It resulted in eleven sub-categories, four categories and one theme.

    Result: Four categories as follows, The excluded young men, shows midwives attitudes regarding that young women, the society and sexual and reproductive healthcare tends to exclude young men when it comes to men´s issues. It is a woman’s world: The midwives saw that their primary work was all about the women, where pregnancy and contraceptives overall was a woman´s matter, in which only women made the decisions. Young men acts according to the masculinity norms of the society: The young men were perceived as rarely looking for support and help with their reproductive and sexual health and were often perceived as having an immature approach to sex. Long way until the sexual and reproductive health is equal: Sex education for young men took place in large groups and was - according to the midwives, often focusing on the wrong things. Sex education needs to start early on and preferably with the support of parents. The midwives had the knowledge requested by young men, but were not routinely sharing it. The theme: Equal responsibility for reproduction no reality in practice includes all categories.

    Conclusion: Young men are considered important in theory but not in practice. The young men are perceived as absent from unplanned pregnancies. With their great knowledge within sexual and reproductive healthcare, midwives are considered ideal working with this group.

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  • 11.
    Abramsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).
    Backman, Annica C.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Wallenberg Centre for Molecular Medicine at Umeå University (WCMM).
    Edvardsson, David
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, VIC, Bundoora, Australia.
    Gustafsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).
    Use of heart failure medications in older individuals and associations with cognitive impairment2023In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To achieve the best treatment of heart failure, it is important to use all recommended drugs at their target doses. Given that underuse of medications can occur in individuals with cognitive impairment, we investigated the filled prescriptions and target doses of heart failure medication for older individuals with and without cognitive impairment as well as associated factors.

    Methods: The study was based on two separate datasets. The first dataset, which was based on data from questionnaires sent to nursing homes in Sweden, included 405 individuals with heart failure. The data were linked with the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register and the National Patient Register to obtain information regarding filled prescriptions of heart failure medications and heart failure diagnoses among the population. In the second dataset, medical records of individuals aged 75 years or older admitted to a hospital in northern Sweden were reviewed and individuals with heart failure were identified. Target doses of heart failure medications were evaluated in 66 individuals who lived at home.

    Results: Filled prescriptions of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists and loop diuretics were significantly more common in individuals without cognitive impairment (OR 1.087; 95% CI 1.026–1.152, p < 0.05) and (OR 1.057; 95% CI 1.017–1.098, p < 0.05), respectively. There were no significant differences between individuals with and without cognitive impairment in terms of achieving target doses for any of the drug classes. A higher age was associated with fewer filled prescriptions and less ability to reach the target doses of beta blockers (OR 0.950; 95% CI 0.918–0.984, p < 0.05) and (OR 0.781; 95% CI 0.645–0.946, p < 0.05), respectively.

    Conclusions: Our results suggest that individuals with cognitive impairment are partly undertreated for heart failure in that they had fewer filled prescriptions of important heart medications. Separately, the relatively low proportion of older individuals reaching target doses is an important observation and indicates that treatment of heart failure could be further optimised among older individuals.

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  • 12.
    Abu Mdaighem, Siwar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Holm, Emily
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Patienters erfarenheter i samband med MRT-undersökning: En litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Magnetresonanstomografi (MRT) är en viktig diagnostisk metod inom hälso- och sjukvården. Fastän MRT-undersökningar är smärtfria upplevs obehagliga känslor hos patienter. Vid MRT-undersökningar spelar röntgensjuksköterskor en stor roll för att säkerställa att patienterna blir väl bemötta med stöd, individuellt anpassad information och god kommunikation. Detta är till för att i förväg kunna vidta åtgärder som motverkar risker, skador och komplikationer vid undersökningar och behandlingar. Det är viktigt att ta tillvara patienternas upplevelser och erfarenheter av en MRT-undersökning för att kunna ytterligare utveckla omvårdnaden.

    Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa patienters erfarenheter i samband med MRT-undersökning.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie med resultat utav åtta kvalitativa studier som besvarar syftet. Dessa artiklar kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades sedan. Sökningar utfördes i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL.

    Resultat: Litteraturstudiens resultat presenterar tre kategorier och sex underkategorier. Kategorierna var Maktlöshet, Kamp och Möte med det okända. Resultatet visar att patienter upplever MRT-undersökningen olika. Upplevelserna innefattar huvudsakligen en känsla av maktlöshet i varierande grad, otrygghet samt en kamp mot det trånga utrymmet.

    Konklusion: God interaktion och kommunikation mellan patienter och personal samt tydlig och adekvat information om undersökningsproceduren har en stor påverkan på patienters upplevelser och är avgörande om en patient kan klara av undersökningen.

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  • 13.
    Adler, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hur påverkar BMI den perioperativa tidsåtgången?: Perioperativ omvårdnad till patienter med övervikt2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur påverkar BMI den perioperativa tidsåtgången?

     

    Abstrakt

     

    Bakgrund: Antalet människor med obesitas har mer än tredubblats världen över sedan 1975 (World Health Organisation [WHO] 2021). Ökningen sker både för män och kvinnor, i alla åldrar, etniciteter och samhällsklasser (WHO, 2021). Denna ökning ses även inom svensk hälso- och sjukvård (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2021).Motiv: Ett högt BMI leder till större risk för komorbiditet vilket kan leda till komplikationer vid operation och det kräver mer noggrann övervakning av den patientgruppen. Motivet för studien är att undersöka om BMI >30 påverkar inom de perioperativa tiderna.Syfte: Studiens syfte var att jämföra perioperativa vårdtider, förberedelsetid, salstid, knivtid och postoperativ tid, mellan patienter med BMI under och över 30, samt män och kvinnor.Metod: Studien är en retrospektiv studie med tvärsnittsinriktning. Deltagande i studien var totalt 194 patienter, män (n= 97) och kvinnor (n=97).  Oberoende variabler som BMI (<30 och >30) och kön (män och kvinnor) samt interaktionen med beroende variabler där perioperativa vårdtider uppdelat: a) förberedelsetid, b) salstid, c) knivtid och d) postoperativ tid utvärderades. För att besvara syftet, valdes flervägs ANOVA som analysmetod. Resultat: Det fanns ett signifikant samband där män med BMI >30 hade förlängd postoperativ tid F (1, 190) = 4.20, p=.04, medan kvinnor med högt BMI hade en kortare postoperativ tid än kvinnor med BMI <30 F (1, 190) = 5.63, p=.02. Övriga variabler och interaktioner visade inte på några signifikanta skillnader eller samband.  Konklusion: I denna studie har det framkommit att ett högre BMI inte skapat någon generell påverkan på perioperativa vårdtider, endast de postoperativa vårdtiderna påverkades av BMI>30. Denna studie kan bidra till att undvika diskriminering av patienter med högt BMI inom vården samt påvisa för vårdare och verksamheter att skillnad i BMI ej påverkar dagliga vården.

    Nyckelord: Obesitas, Perioperativ vård, operationstid, BMI, övervikt, Perioperativ tidsåtgång

  • 14.
    Adolfsson, Julia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Eriksson, Jannike
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    "Kan någon stänga av larmet?!": -en kvantitativ observationsstudie2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: En stor andel patienter drabbas årligen av medicinska felbehandlingar som kan hota patientsäkerheten. Inom intensivvården vårdas kritiskt sjuka patienter som övervakas kontinuerligt. Den tekniska övervakningen av patienterna speglar inte alltid allvarliga förändringar av patienternas tillstånd.

    Motiv: Tidigare forskning har visat att stora mängder larm kan störa intensivvårdssjuksköterskans i dennes arbete och hota patientsäkerheten genom att minska svarsfrekvensen på larm. Kunskap om åtgärder vid larm inom intensivvården i Sverige är sparsam.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att kartlägga intensivvårdssjuksköterskors åtgärder vid larm från övervakning av vitala parametrar på en intensivvårdsavdelning.

    Metod: Kvantitativ metod användes och datainsamlingen omfattade 491 larm fördelade på 15 specialistutbildade sjuksköterskor. Åtgärder vid olika larmtyper observerades och registrerades i ett testat protokoll. För att jämföra skillnader i åtgärder mellan olika larmtyper, kön och grupper av erfarenhet användes Chi 2-test.

    Resultat: Intensivvårdssjuksköterskorna gjorde någon form av åtgärd 21 % av alla larmsignaler. Resterande hanterades av övrig personal (40,5%) eller att larmsignalen tystades av automatiskt (38,5%).  Signifikanta samband utifrån larmtyp var läkemedelsåtgärder, omvårdnadsåtgärder, justering av apparatur, ingen åtgärd samt övrig personal. Skillnader mellan kön framkom i kategorierna läkemedelsåtgärder, tysta av larm och övrig personal. Utifrån arbetslivserfarenhet fanns det signifikanta skillnader i läkemedelsåtgärder, att tysta av larm samt att ingen åtgärd utfördes alls.

    Konklusion: Resultatet i denna studie visar att majoriteten av larm inte besvaras av intensivvårdssjuksköterskan samt att flertalet larm lämnas obesvarade. Detta kan vara ett tecken på att flertalet larm är så kallade falska och kan vara risk för alarm fatigue som hotar patientsäkerheten.

  • 15.
    Adolfsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Berggren Nylund, Inga
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Upplevelser av primärvården hos vuxna med Neurofibromatos typ 12015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe how adults with Neurofibromatosis type 1 experience their encounter with primary care

    Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant condition including café au lait spots on the skin and multiple benign tumours that grow from peripheral nerves. The severity of the condition varies. Pains and the unpredictability of the disease may cause concern and result in repeated visits to health centres. Nursing patients with NF1 can be a challenge. 

    The presence of multiple symptoms can cause difficulties in creating a holistic approach towards the patient. Despite the fact that one of 3000 has the condition it is relatively unknown. Few studies describe how people with NF1 experience primary care.  

    Design: A quantitative cross sectional study

    Method:  In 2015, 30 participants took part in a survey with multiple choice questions and space for comments about their experiences of primary care. 

    Results: Half of the participants perceived primary care generally as good or very good. However, 93 % perceived health professionals’ knowledge about NF1 as poor or very poor.  

    Conclusion: Many professions in primary care had insufficient knowledge and understanding of NF1. This study indicates the need of improved care and a deeper insight into patients’ problems. The authors suggest establishing more centres for rare diseases. Also care planning programmes for NF1 may result in improved care at health centres. More nursing research is needed on providing information about rare diseases.     

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  • 16.
    af Bjerkén, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Holmgren, Selma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    "Varför har jag fortfarande ont?" Ambulanssjuksköterskors erfarenheter av och strategier för prehospital smärta och smärtlindring2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Smärta är vanligt förekommande hos patienter inom den prehospitala vården och en vanlig orsak till att människor ringer 112. Inom ambulanssjukvården är det sjuksköterskorna som bedömer och behandlar patientens smärta, utifrån den information som inhämtas på plats. Smärtskattningen behöver ofta utföras snabbt, vilket medför att det sällan finns tid för någon djupare smärtanalys och i flertalet fall anser sig patienterna inte bli tillräckligt smärtbehandlade innan de når sjukhuset. 

    Motiv: Studier visar att patienterna ofta inte blir tillräckligt smärtlindrade inom ambulanssjukvården. 

    Syfte: Att undersöka ambulanssjuksköterskors erfarenheter, utmaningar och strategier för patienters smärtlindring inom den prehospitala vården och därmed försöka förklara orsaken till att patienterna inte blir tillräckligt smärtlindrande.

    Metod: Datainsamlingen bestod av semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio ambulanssjuksköterskor på två olika ambulansstationer i mellersta och norra Sverige, där deltagarna valdes ut med ändamålsenligt urval. Intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tio intervjuer genomfördes under hösten 2023. Analysen av materialet resulterade i fyra kategorier med titlarna "Sjuksköterskans smärtbedömningar påverkas av olika faktorer i den prehospitala vårdsituationen", "Att frångå behandlingsriktlinjerna", "Ett personcentrerat omhändertagande bidrar till en effektiv hantering av smärtan" och "Brist på kunskap är ett hinder för effektiv smärtbehandling prehospitalt". Var och en av de olika kategorierna beskrev ambulanssjuksköterskornas tankar, svårigheter och strategier kring bedömning och behandling av smärta prehospitalt.

    Konklusion: Ambulanssjuksköterskor beskriver varierande orsaker till inadekvat smärtbedömning och -behandling men också strategier för att optimera hanteringen av smärta hos patienter inom den prehospitala vården. Ökad kunskap om smärta och smärtbehandling hos ambulanssjuksköterskorna samt ett mer personcentrerat arbetssätt skulle kunna bidra till bättre hantering av smärta samt en säkrare vård.

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  • 17.
    af Bjerkén, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Åslund, Mia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter av vård av patienter med missbruksproblem: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The aim of this study was to describe anaesthetic nurses' strategies for the nursing of patients with misuse dependency within anaesthetic care.Background Anaesthetic nurses daily meet patients with different backgrounds, conditions and needs. There are often different physiological and psychological factors that affect the anaesthesia and the anaesthetic care for persons with misuse problems than for persons without similar problems. These factors could be for example increased tolerance for drugs, impaired ability to digest drugs, increased bleeding tendency, stress and anxiety. The anaesthetic nurses' knowledge and understanding for earlier mentioned factors are of utmost importance for them to be able to perform a good and optimum anaesthetic care.Design The study was made with qualitative research design with semi-structured interviews.Methods The participants were chosen on a representative basis. The data collection consisted of semi-structured interviews with anaesthetic nurses in five hospitals in Sweden. The interviews were written down and analyzed using a qualitative content method.Results Twelve interviews were made during the autumn 2016. The analysis of the material resulted in three categories titled ”Having preparedness for action”, ”Communicating with the patient” and ”Being security conscious”. The categories consisted of eight subcategories that were titled ”Being prepared to adjust the doses”, ”Choosing the adequate medicine”, ”Managing bleeding tendency”, ”Handling difficulties with giving injections”, ”Establishing trust”, ”Being explicit”, ”Ensuring safety for the staff” and ”Ensuring safety for the patient”.Conclusion Anaesthetic nurses are aware of the physiological and psychological factors that affect the anaesthesia of patients with misuse dependency. They have conceived strategies for planning the anaesthesia and for preventing the emerging of problems. The predominant strategies contain drug related measures such as dose adjustment and selection of drugs. There are different opinions whether a PM or a general routine would increase the safety and improve the handling of patients with misuse dependency.Keywords: Anaesthetic nurse; Misuse; Strategies; Experiences

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  • 18.
    Agnvall, Aline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Byström, Emelie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadspersonalens erfarenheter i vårdandet av suicidnära patienter: - en litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide is a global health problem with fatal outcomes. Suicide prevention is a healthcare responsibility and the nurses relationships with patients are essential. However, nurses attitudes and experiences affect relationships and thereby the suicide prevention. 

    Aim: The aim is to describe the nursing staff’s experiences of caring for suicidal patients. 

    Methods: Literature study conducted on nine qualitative studies found in the databases Cinahl and PsycINFO. The analytic method was inspired by the five stage model and content analysis. 

    Result: The analysis resulted in three categories: To build a confiding relationship, To be divided between the organizational demands and the ideal of care and Emotional impact and coping strategies in nursing 

    Conclusion: Nursing staff value the therapeutic relation with patients, although balancing between closeness and distance is difficult. Nursing staff experience that organizational guidelines contributes to the distance. Patient responsibility and lack of knowledge result in negative emotions among nurses. Insufficient emotional support, education or opportunity to self-reflect, can consequently affect the nursing. The results may apply to practice with an increased understanding of how negative emotions can develop and be handled. Further research is needed to elaborate nursing strategies to prevent suicide.

  • 19.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nyström, Maria
    To handle the unexpected: the meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 33-41Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient's voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients' situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s). 

  • 20.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Health Sciences, University Collage of Borås, SE-501, 90 Borås, Sweden.
    Nyström, Maria
    Jansson, Lilian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Making up one's mind: patients' experiences of calling an ambulance2006In: Accident and Emergency Nursing, ISSN 0965-2302, E-ISSN 1532-9267, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the inappropriate use of ambulance transport and care has mainly been studied from the professionals' and caregivers' perspective, with few studies focusing on the patient and his/her experiences. To further understand whether patients use ambulance care in an inappropriate manner and, if so, why, it is important to obtain an overall picture of the patients' existential situation at the time they call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to analyse and describe patients' experiences related to the decision to call an ambulance and the wait for it to arrive. The design was explorative, and twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. Qualitative content analyses were performed. The findings showed that calling for an ambulance is a major decision that is preceded by hesitation and attempts to handle the situation by oneself. Our conclusion is that the definition of inappropriate use of valuable health care resources should not be based solely on the professionals' point of view but also take account of the patients' reactions when they experience a threat to their life and health.

  • 21.
    Ahlberg, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Johansson, Viola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax: – En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Bakgrund: Att förebygga sjukdom och lindra lidande är två av sjuksköterskans huvuduppgifter. Trycksår räknas som vårdskada och är ett universellt problem med relativt konstant frekvens som innebär mycket smärta och lidande för patienten. Trycksår kan förebyggas i de flesta fall vilket är en del av vårdpersonalens ansvar.

    Syfte: Denna litteraturstudie avser att beskriva vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax.

    Metod: 11 kvantitativa forskningsartiklar om vårdpersonals kunskap beträffande trycksårsprofylax har granskats och sammanställts för att få en klarare syn på kunskapen.

    Resultat: Även om vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax överlag är relativt god så har man ändå kunnat identifiera stora kunskapsluckor.

    Konklusion: Dessa kunskapsluckor kan vara en av orsakerna till att undvikbara trycksår fortfarande uppstår.    

    Nyckelord: Sjuksköterska, trycksår, prevention, profylax, kunskap 

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  • 22.
    Ahlberg, Jane
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Dannvik, Rebecka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder: En litteraturstudie om omvårdnadsåtgärder vid Anorexia nervosa.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Anorexia nervosa är en ätstörning som debuterar i allt yngre ålder och kan yttra sig på olika sätt beroende på individen. Detta leder till att det inte finns ett enkelt svar på hur sjukdomen ska behandlas. Det ställer krav på både kunskap och erfarenhet hos sjuksköterskorna för att förstå komplexiteten av anorexia nervosa, vilket är nödvändigt för att uppnå ett lyckat behandlingsresultat.

     

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder vid behandling av anorexia nervosa hos unga kvinnor.

     

    Metod: En litteraturstudie grundad på åtta kvalitativa artiklar. Artiklarnas resultat har granskats, analyserats och sammanställts för att besvara syftet. Databassökningen har genomförts i Cinahl, Pubmed samt PsykInfo.

     

    Resultat: Sammanfattningen av artiklarnas resultat bildade tre kategorier som beskriver de omvårdnadsåtgärder sjuksköterskorna använder: 1) Bygga och upprätthålla en god relation till patienten, 2) Säkerställa viktökning och 3) Återställa ett normalt ätbeteende.  

     

    Slutsats: Litteraturstudien beskriver hur behandlingen påverkas av hur sjuksköterskorna genomför omvårdnaden. Att skapa en god relation till patienten är en avgörande komponent för att lyckas med viktökning och en beteendeförändring hos patienten.   

     

    Nyckelord: Anorexia nervosa, behandling, kvinnor, omvårdnad, ungdomar

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  • 23.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Malmgren Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gender analysis of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional exhaustion: interactive effects from physical and psychosocial work exposures and engagement in domestic work2012In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 212-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between physical and psychosocial work exposures, engagement in domestic work and work-home imbalance in relation to symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional exhaustion in white- and blue-collar men and women. Three thousand employees from 21 companies were asked to answer a questionnaire on family structure, household and child care tasks, work exposure, work-home imbalance and symptoms of neck/shoulder disorders, low back disorders and emotional exhaustion. Women reported more musculoskeletal disorders and engagement in domestic work. Adverse at-work exposures were highest in blue-collar women. High engagement in domestic work was not separately associated with symptoms but paid work exposure factors were associated. High engagement in domestic work interacted with adverse work exposure and increased risk estimates for low back disorders and emotional exhaustion. Reported work-home imbalance was associated with neck/shoulder disorders in women and with emotional exhaustion in both women and men.

    Practitioner Summary. The current article adds to earlier research by showing that high engagement in domestic work is not separately associated with increased symptoms, but interacts with psychosocial work exposure variables to produce emotional exhaustion in both women and men and low back disorders in women.

  • 24.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Clinical Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Saveman, Britt-inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Suicidal drowning deaths in Northern Sweden 1992-2009Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Division of Social and Forensic Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Saveman, Britt-inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Suicidal drowning deaths in northern Sweden 1992-2009: the role of mental disorder and intoxication2015In: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, ISSN 1752-928X, E-ISSN 1878-7487, Vol. 34, p. 168-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suicides by drowning have received limited attention by researchers. A recent finding that almost onethird of all drowning deaths in Sweden were classified as suicide instigated this study. We identified 129 cases of suicide by drowning in Northern Sweden and analyzed the circumstances and the psychiatric history prior to the suicide. Information was obtained from autopsy, police and medical records, as well as from the National Inpatient Register. One-third of the suicide victims had previously attempted suicide and half of the victims had been hospitalized due to mental health problems. One-third of these had left the hospital less than one week before the suicide. Alcohol and psychoactive drugs were present in 16% and 62% of the cases, respectively. A history of mental disorder and previous suicide attempt (s), especially by drowning, is an ominous combination necessitating efficient clinical identification, treatment and follow-up if a complete suicide is to be prevented.

  • 26.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Drowning deaths in Sweden with emphasis on the presence of alcohol and drugs: a retrospective study, 1992-20092013In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, p. 216-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Drowning deaths constitute a significant proportion of unnatural deaths globally. In Sweden and other high-income countries, drowning deaths have decreased. This study investigates the epidemiology and current trends of unintentional, intentional, and undetermined drowning deaths with emphasis on the presence of alcohol and other drugs.

    Methods: During an 18-years period, 5,125 drowning deaths were autopsied in Sweden. Data on cases including toxicological analysis on alcohol, pharmaceutical drugs, and illicit drugs were obtained from the National Board of Forensic Medicine.

    Results: During the study period, the annual incidence of drowning deaths in Sweden was 3.1/100,000 inhabitants and decreased on average by about 2% each year (p<0.001). The highest incidence was found among males and in middle/older age groups. The incidence increased 3% for each year of age. Children/adolescents (<= 18 years) constituted 5% of all drowning deaths. Of all drowned females in the study, 55% (847/1,547) committed suicide, which was a significantly higher proportion compared with males (21%, 763/3,578) (p<0.001). In total, 38% (1,656/4,377) of tested drowned persons had alcohol in their blood and the mean concentration was 1.8 g/l. In the unintentional drowning group, intentional drowning group, and the undetermined group, the proportion of alcohol positive was 44%, 24%, and 45%, respectively. One or several psychoactive drugs were present in the blood in 40% (1,688/4,181) of all tested persons and in 69% (965/1,394) of tested persons who died from suicidal drowning. The most common drug was benzodiazepines (21%, 891/4,181). Illicit drugs were detected in 10% (82/854) of tested persons.

    Conclusion: Presence of alcohol and drugs were frequent and may have contributed to the drowning deaths. The incidence of drowning deaths significantly decreased during the study period. Males and the middle/older age groups had a higher incidence compared to females and children. Suicidal drowning was common especially among women. Alcohol and drugs are significant contributors in drowning deaths in Sweden and should be considered as part of a comprehensive prevention program.

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  • 27. Ahlqvist, Viktor H.
    et al.
    Persson, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Magnusson, Cecilia
    Berglind, Daniel
    Elective and nonelective cesarean section and obesity among young adult male offspring: A Swedish population-based cohort study2019In: PLoS Medicine, ISSN 1549-1277, E-ISSN 1549-1676, Vol. 16, no 12, article id e1002996Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies have suggested that cesarean section (CS) is associated with offspring overweight and obesity. However, few studies have been able to differentiate between elective and nonelective CS, which may differ in their maternal risk profile and biological pathway. Therefore, we aimed to examine the association between differentiated forms of delivery with CS and risk of obesity in young adulthood.

    Methods and findings: Using Swedish population registers, a cohort of 97,291 males born between 1982 and 1987 were followed from birth until conscription (median 18 years of age) if they conscripted before 2006. At conscription, weight and height were measured and transformed to World Health Organization categories of body mass index (BMI). Maternal and infant data were obtained from the Medical Birth Register. Associations were evaluated using multinomial and linear regressions. Furthermore, a series of sensitivity analyses were conducted, including fixed-effects regressions to account for confounders shared between full brothers. The mothers of the conscripts were on average 28.5 (standard deviation 4.9) years old at delivery and had a prepregnancy BMI of 21.9 (standard deviation 3.0), and 41.5% of the conscripts had at least one parent with university-level education.

    Out of the 97,291 conscripts we observed, 4.9% were obese (BMI ≥ 30) at conscription. The prevalence of obesity varied slightly between vaginal delivery, elective CS, and nonelective CS (4.9%, 5.5%, and 5.6%, respectively), whereas BMI seemed to be consistent across modes of delivery. We found no evidence of an association between nonelective or elective CS and young adulthood obesity (relative risk ratio 0.96, confidence interval 95% 0.83–1.10, p = 0.532 and relative risk ratio 1.02, confidence interval 95% 0.88–1.18, p = 0.826, respectively) as compared with vaginal delivery after accounting for prepregnancy maternal BMI, maternal diabetes at delivery, maternal hypertension at delivery, maternal smoking, parity, parental education, maternal age at delivery, gestational age, birth weight standardized according to gestational age, and preeclampsia. We found no evidence of an association between any form of CS and overweight (BMI ≥ 25) as compared with vaginal delivery. Sibling analysis and several sensitivity analyses did not alter our findings. The main limitations of our study were that not all conscripts had available measures of anthropometry and/or important confounders (42% retained) and that our cohort only included a male population.

    Conclusions: We found no evidence of an association between elective or nonelective CS and young adulthood obesity in young male conscripts when accounting for maternal and prenatal factors. This suggests that there is no clinically relevant association between CS and the development of obesity. Further large-scale studies are warranted to examine the association between differentiated forms of CS and obesity in young adult offspring.

    Trial registration: Registered as observational study at ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03918044.

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  • 28. Ahlqvist, Viktor H
    et al.
    Persson, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ortega, Francisco B
    Tynelius, Per
    Magnusson, Cecilia
    Berglind, Daniel
    Birth Weight and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Among Young Men Born at Term: The Role of Genetic and Environmental Factors2020In: Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, ISSN 2047-9980, E-ISSN 2047-9980, Vol. 9, no 3, article id e014290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Preterm delivery and low birth weight are prospectively associated with low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, whether birth weight, within the at-term range, is associated with later CRF is largely unknown. Thus, the aim of the current study was to examine this issue and whether such association, if any, is explained by shared and/or nonshared familial factors.

    Methods and Results: We conducted a prospective cohort study, including 286 761 young male adults and a subset of 52 544 siblings born at-term. Objectively measured data were retrieved from total population registers. CRF was tested at conscription and defined as the maximal load obtained on a cycle ergometer. We used linear and nonlinear and fixed-effects regression analyses to explore associations between birth weight and CRF. Higher birth weight, within the at-term range, was strongly associated with increasing CRF in a linear fashion. Each SD increase in birth weight was associated with an increase of 7.9 (95% CI, 7.8-8.1) and 6.6 (95% CI; 5.9-7.3) Wmax in the total and sibling cohorts, respectively. The association did not vary with young adulthood body mass index.

    Conclusions: Birth weight is strongly associated with increasing CRF in young adulthood among men born at-term, across all categories of body mass index. This association appears to be mainly driven by factors that are not shared between siblings. Hence, CRF may to some extent be determined already in utero. Prevention of low birth weight, also within the at-term-range, can be a feasible mean of increasing adult CRF and health.

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  • 29. Ahlqvist, Viktor H.
    et al.
    Persson, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ortega, Francisco B.
    Tynelius, Per
    Magnusson, Cecilia
    Berglind, Daniel
    Birth weight and grip strength in young Swedish males: a longitudinal matched sibling analysis and across all body mass index ranges2019In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 9719Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Low birth weight is associated with a lower grip strength later in life. However, associations between birth weight among infants born at-term and factors driving associations between birth weight and grip strength are largely unknown. A cohort of 144,369 young men born at-term, including 10,791 individuals who had at least one male sibling/s, were followed until conscription where they performed a grip strength test. We used linear and non-linear regression analyses in the full cohort, and fixed-effects regression analyses in the sibling cohort, to address confounding by factors that are shared between siblings. After adjustment, each unit increase in birth weight z-score was associated with increases of 17.7 (95% CI, 17.2-18.2) and 13.4 (10.1-16.6) newton grip strength, which converts to approximately 1.8 and 1.4 kilogram-force in the full and within-families cohorts, respectively. The associations did not vary with young adulthood BMI. Birth weight, within the at-term range, is robustly positively associated with grip strength in young adulthood among men across all BMI categories and associations appears to be mainly driven by factors that are not shared between siblings. These findings underline the importance of recognizing the influence of low birth weight, also within the at-termrange, on young adulthood muscle strength.

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  • 30.
    Ahlström, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjöstedt, Pamela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Den äldre människans bästa vän: En litteraturstudie om vårdhundens positiva effekter på personer med demenssjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många personer med demenssjukdom bor på särskilda boenden. Vårdmiljön på de särskilda boendena består både av fysiska och psykosociala faktorer, vilka påverkar hälsan. Demenssjukdom är ett kroniskt tillstånd som kan orsaka flera olika symtom. Beteendemässiga och psykiska symtom vid demenssjukdom (BPSD) är vanligt förekommande och har en negativ påverkan på livskvalitén hos personer med demenssjukdom samt personer i deras närhet. BPSD behandlas oftast med läkemedel, men det finns flera kompletterande icke- farmakologiska behandlingsmetoder och djurassisterad intervention är en av dem. Inom vården har djur visat sig ha flera positiva effekter på hälsan. Hundar är det djur som används mest och finns inom exempelvis hospice, rehabilitering och demensvård.  Syfte: Syftet var att belysa positiva effekter av att använda vårdhundar inom demensvård på särskilt boende. Metod: En litteraturstudie där resultatet baserats på nio kvantitativa studier. Först genomfördes systematiska sökningar i olika databaser med utvalda sökord. Därefter granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes de valda studierna. Resultat: Sammanställningen resulterade i fyra huvudkategorier; påverkan på BPSD, påverkan på kognition, påverkan på livskvalité samt påverkan på läkemedelsanvändning. Djurassisterad intervention kan minska BPSD, förbättra orienteringsförmågan, ökad social interaktion och förbättra livskvalitén hos personer med demenssjukdom. Inom läkemedelsanvändningen sågs inga skillnader. Konklusion: Litteraturstudiens slutsats är att vårdhundar kan ha flera positiva effekter på personer med demenssjukdom. Det krävs mer forskning om interventionens utformning och om dess potentiella förmåga att komplettera eller ersätta läkemedelsanvändning.   

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  • 31.
    Ahmadi, Alijoma
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gholami, Hanif
    Föräldrars erfarenheter av att leva med ett barn med diabetes typ 1: En litteraturstudie.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune disease that mainly affects children and young people, the treatment is lifelong because it is not possible to cure the disease.

    Aim: To illuminate parents' experience of living with a child with type 1 diabetes

    Methods: A qualitative literature study that compiles the existing knowledge in the subject. The search was performed in the databases Cinahl and PubMed. The results of eight empirical and qualitative studies were reviewed, analyzed and compiled. The result was analyzed according to Forsberg & Wengström five steps analysis method. 

    Results: The results were compiled into two categories: Experience of their own and others' lack of knowledge, face changes in daily life. The results showed that the child's diabetes affects the parents' daily lives in many different ways, such as physical, mental and social.

    Conclusion: The child's diabetes causes major changes in the parents' lives. The parents feel that both themselves and those in the child's environment do not have sufficient competence regarding the child's diabetes and associated diabetes care. Thus, nurses should convey knowledge and educate parents so that they can handle the child's diabetes care in a good way. School staff and relatives should be offered education so that the parents feel safe when the child is at school, with relatives or friends.

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  • 32.
    Ahmed, Korde
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av hur munhälsa hanteras på särskilda boenden2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Ahnlund, Anna-Ella
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Svennberg, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att främja anknytning när barnet föds för tidigt: -Barnsjuksköterskors erfarenheter2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Premature births often leads to poorer conditions for the child to develop a safe attachment. Nurses in the neonatal unit have therefore a significant role to play to enhance early attachment.

    Motive: Research shows that nurses in neonatal care often experience difficulties in the work of supporting the parents in the process of attaching with their premature child. Few studies shed light on the subject from the perspective of the nurse, which may be of importance for future work. It is therefore of interest to seek more knowledge about nurses’ experiences of promoting the attachment.

    Aim: To shed light on nurses' experiences of enhanceing early attachment between the parents and their premature born child in neonatal units.

    Methods: A semi-structured interview study with eight pediatric nurses in neonatal units in southeastern Sweden. Data is analyzed using content analysis. Result: The analysis resulted in four categories: Enabling closeness between the child and the parents, Supporting the parents to participation, Strengthening the parents' sense of parenthood, Obstacles in the work of enhancing attachment.

    Discussion: The result is strengthened and discussed in relation to previous research showing that the attachment is promoted between parents and children when they experience closeness to each other, when parents are involved in the child's nursing care and when parents feel secure in their parenting role. The result shows that nurses often find that they lack enough skills to support the parents who end up in crisis, something that has also been shown in previous research. It also emerged that nurses often lack formal competence in, enhancing early attachment which, however, does not appear in previous research.

    Conclusion: The nurses' experience shows that when responsibility for the child is safely transferred to the parents, the attachment is promoted. Increased knowledge of how the nurse can support parents in crisis can lead to improvements in the work of enhanceing early attachment. Organizational changes that enable cooperation between clinics can also lead to changes that facilitate the work of enhanceing early attachment

  • 34.
    Ait Zaid, Melissa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gunnesson, Michaela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Skolsköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med barn med övervikt och obesitas: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Aiyash, Asoom
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Susanne, Långhed
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskors/distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av utmaningar i psykosocial och fysisk arbetsmiljö i vården av personer med funktionsvariationer på LSS-boende2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Aktell, Carolina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Magnusson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Upplevelser av urininkontinens bland äldre kvinnor2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 37.
    Al Hindosh, Sali
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gashi, Fiona
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Specialistsjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att kommunicera med patienter som behandlas i tryckkammare.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt  

    Bakgrund: Omvårdnad baseras och stärks av en effektiv kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal och patienter. Det finns olika sätt att kommunicera på, men det finns hinder som kan försämra en effektiv kommunikation. Bristande kommunikation inom vården är en av de vanligaste orsakerna till vårdskador och lidande för patienterna. Kommunikationen är ett av sjuksköterskans viktigaste verktyg inom vården men det brister forskning om kommunikation med patienter under tryckkammarbehandling.   

    Motiv: Aktuell forskning om specialistsjuksköterskornas erfarenheter av kommunikation med patienter under tryckkammarbehandling är viktig. Studien kommer att bidra med fördjupad förståelse om kommunikationen under tryckkammarbehandling.   

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva specialistsjuksköterskor erfarenheter av att kommunicera med patienter som behandlas i tryckkammare.  

    Metod: En kvalitativ studie genomfördes med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med specialistsjuksköterskor (n=7) som arbetade på centraloperation samt en intensivvårdsavdelning i en medelstor stad i södra Sverige. En intervjuguide utformades med lämpliga frågor som stöd under intervjuerna, som spelades in. De semistrukturerade intervjuerna transkriberades ordagrant. Transkripten bearbetades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys och resulterade i två huvudkategorier och sex underkategorier.   

    Resultat: Specialistsjuksköterskornas erfarenheter av att kommunicera med patienter under tryckkammarbehandling handlade om att identifiera hinder i kommunikationen samt att skapa goda förutsättningar för en god kommunikation. Den avgränsande miljön under behandlingen, avsaknad återkoppling och brist på tid var hinder som visade sig i intervjuerna. Förutsättningarna för god kommunikation inkluderade att skapa förtroende och ge stöd, förbereda patienten samt nyttjandet av både verbal och icke-verbal kommunikation.    

    Konklusion: Studien redovisar hinder i kommunikationen under tryckkammarbehandling samt belyser specialistsjuksköterskors förmågor att skapa förutsättningar för att motverka dessa hinder.   

  • 38.
    Albinsson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nordlander, Anna-Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av samtal med äldre personer som vårdas i livets slutskede2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Ensuring good care in the end of life is a multifaceted task. Focus often tends to be of pharmacological orientation and mostly on relieving physical symptoms such as pain.For a person-centered care based on a holistic view, the nurse's communication with the patient is also important.The aim of this study was to describe the nurses' experiences of communicating with elderly people cared for in the end of life.Design. This study has a qualitative descriptive design and is based on interviews.Method. A total of ten nurses participated in semistructured interviews at the beginning of the year of 2017. The material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis.Findings. Eight categories emerged during analysis. The result shows that late insight and denial approach to end of life are perceived as obstructing circumstances for communication. A number of other impeding considerations such as lack of time, language barriers, lack of knowledge and experience, as well as relatives' presence are also described in this study. The nurse's closeness in a neutral relationship, the patient's ability of acceptance and the nurse's balance between professionalism and trustworthy commitment, appear on the other hand as supportive conditions for communication. A united palliative focus around the patient creates better opportunities for communication and support to adaption and acceptance in the final stage of life.Conclusions. The result shows that trustful communication is found meaningful both for the patient and for the nurse. The nurse finds that the connection to the patient through the communication is an important and necessary basis when creating a person-centered care. The communication consequently need to be highlighted as a self-evident and prioritized part in the care of the elderly person at the end of life.

  • 39. Alenius, Lisa Smeds
    et al.
    Lindqvist, Rikard
    Ball, Jane E.
    Sharp, Lena
    Lindqvist, Olav
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Tishelman, Carol
    Between a rock and a hard place: Registered nurses' accounts of their work situation in cancer care in Swedish acute care hospitals2020In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 47, article id 101778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Hospital organizational features related to registered nurses' (RNs') practice environment are often studied using quantitative measures. These are however unable to capture nuances of experiences of the practice environment from the perspective of individual RNs. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate individual RNs' experiences of their work situation in cancer care in Swedish acute care hospitals.

    Methods: This study is based on a qualitative framework analysis of data derived from an open-ended question by 200 RNs working in specialized or general cancer care hospital units, who responded to the Swedish RN4CAST survey on nurse work environment. Antonovsky's salutogenic concepts "meaningfulness", "comprehensibility", and "manageability" were applied post-analysis to support interpretation of results.

    Results: RNs describe a tension between expectations to uphold safe, high quality care, and working in an environment where they are unable to influence conditions for care delivery. A lacking sense of agency, on individual and collective levels, points to organizational factors impeding RNs' use of their competence in clinical decision-making and in governing practice within their professional scope.

    Conclusions: RNs in this study appear to experience work situations which, while often described as meaningful, generally appear neither comprehensible nor manageable. The lack of an individual and collective sense of agency found here could potentially erode RNs' sense of meaningfulness and readiness to invest in their work.

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  • 40.
    Alex, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Stig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Effect evaluation of a heated ambulance mattress-prototype on body temperatures and thermal comfort - an experimental study2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 22, p. 43-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Exposure to cold temperatures is, often, a neglected problem in prehospital care. One of the leading influences of the overall sensation of cold discomfort is the cooling of the back. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a heated ambulance mattress-prototype on body temperatures and thermal comfort in an experimental study.

    Method: Data were collected during four days in November, 2011 inside and outside of a cold chamber. All participants (n = 23) participated in two trials each. In one trial, they were lying on a stretcher with a supplied heated mattress and in the other trial without a heated mattress. Outcomes were back temperature, finger temperature, core body temperature, Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS), four statements from the state-trait anxiety - inventory (STAI), and short notes of their experiences of the two mattresses. Data were analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively. A repeated measure design was used to evaluate the effect of the two mattresses.

    Results:

    A statistical difference between the regular mattress and the heated mattress was found in the back temperature. In the heated mattress trial, the statement "I am tense" was fewer whereas the statements "I feel comfortable", "I am relaxed" and "I feel content" were higher in the heated mattress trial. The qualitative analyses of the short notes showed that the heated mattress, when compared to the unheated mattress, was experienced as warm, comfortable, providing security and was easier to relax on.

    Conclusions:

    Heat supply from underneath the body results in increased comfort and may prevent hypothermia which is important for injured and sick patients in ambulance care.

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  • 41.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Feministiska perspektiv på omvårdnad - finns det?1998In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 75, no 1-2, p. 57-61Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Omvårdnad.
    Fråntagna sitt språk2007In: Invandrare och Minoriteter, no 6, p. 32-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Resilience among old Sami women2016In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 36, p. 1738-1756Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is lack of research on old indigenous women’s experiences. The aim of thisstudy was to explore how old women narrate their experiences of wellbeing andlack of wellbeing using the salutogenetic concept of resilience. Interviews fromnine old Sami women were analysed according to grounded theory with the followingthemes identified: contributing to resilience and wellbeing built up from the categoriesfeeling connected, feeling independent and creating meaning; andcontributing to lack of lack of resilience and wellbeing built up from the categoryexperiencing lack of connectedness. The old Sami women’s narratives showedthat they were to a high extent resilient and experienced wellbeing. They felt bothconnected and independent and they were able to create meaning of being anold Sami woman. Having access to economic and cultural capital were for the oldSami women valuable for experiencing resilience. Lack of resilience was expressedas experiences of discrimination, lack of connectedness and living on the borderof the dominant society. Analysis of the Sami women’s narratives can give wider perspectiveson women’s health and deepen the perspectives on human resilience andincrease the understanding of minority groups in a multicultural world.

  • 44.
    Alex, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Christianson, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Beyond a Dichotomous View of the Concepts of 'Sex' and 'Gender' Focus Group Discussions among Gender Researchers at a Medical Faculty2012In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 11, p. e50275-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' are both of vital importance in medicine and health sciences. However, the meaning of these concepts has seldom been discussed in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to explore what the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' meant for gender researchers based in a medical faculty. Methods: Sixteen researchers took part in focus group discussions. The analysis was performed in several steps. The participating researchers read the text and discussed ideas for analysis in national and international workshops. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The authors performed independent preliminary analyses, which were further developed and intensively discussed between the authors. Results: The analysis of meanings of the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' for gender researchers based in a medical faculty resulted in three categories; "Sex as more than biology", with the subcategories 'sex' is not simply biological, 'sex' as classification, and 'sex' as fluid and changeable; "Gender as a multiplicity of power-related constructions", with the subcategories: 'gender' as constructions, 'gender' power dimensions, and 'gender' as doing femininities and masculinities; "'Sex and gender as interwoven", with the subcategories: 'sex' and 'gender' as inseparable and embodying 'sex' and 'gender'. Conclusions: Gender researchers within medicine pointed out the importance of looking beyond a dichotomous view of the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender'. The perception of the concepts was that 'sex' and 'gender' were intertwined. Further research is needed to explore how 'sex' and 'gender' interact.

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  • 45.
    Alex, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Professionell Development.
    Experiences of Well-Being Among Sami and Roma Women in a Swedish Context2013In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 707-726Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim was to explore the experiences of well-being and lack of well-being among middle-aged and older women belonging to two national minority groups in Sweden. Interviews from nine older Sami women and four middle-aged Roma women were analyzed using grounded theory with the following categories identified: contributing to well-being (with the subcategories belonging to a healthy family, being spiritual, cultural norms as health promoting, and having had a life of one's own); and contributing to lack of well-being (with the subcategories living subordinate to the dominant society, living in a hierarchical family, and living in the shadow of tuberculosis.)

  • 46.
    Alex, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Wikberg, A
    Feministisk kritik av kurslitteratur inom ämnet professionell omvårdnad1994In: Omvårdaren, ISSN 0280-4123, no 2, p. 24-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Algotsson, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Undersökningar med magnetkamera av fullgångna och prematura barn: En litteraturstudie om risker och patientsäkerhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: MRI is a relatively safe diagnostic method with non-ionizing radiation used, as is not the case in conventional radiography. Despite this there are still risks to take into account, some common to all patients. For neonates, premature and full-term, these risks differ, and thereby also affect the neonatal staff and the radiographer's ability to meet the child's special need of patient safety. Purpose: This study aims to describe specific risk factors that affect patient safety during examination with MRI, regarding the full term and preterm neonatal child. Method: scientific articles were searched in PubMed, Cinahl and Medline, eight quantitative articles were selected for quality review. Results: After analysis of these eight articles, four categories were recognized and distinguished; image quality, hypothermia, low oxygen saturation, and anesthetics. The results also showed that the use of an MR-compatible incubator further impacted patient safety positively. Conclusion: Image quality, hypothermia, low oxygen saturation and anesthetics are specific risk factors that need to take into account when considering the patient safety in preterm and full-term neonates.

    Keywords: magnetic resonance imaging, infant premature, patient safety

  • 48.
    Alizadeh, Neda
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
    Packer, Tanya
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Health Administration, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
    Chen, Yu-Ting
    Department of Occupational Therapy, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Alnasery, Yaser
    School of Occupational Therapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada; College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    What we know about fatigue self-management programs for people living with chronic conditions: a scoping review2023In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 114, article id 107866Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The significant impact of fatigue on the lives of patients with chronic conditions has demanded a response. One response has been the development and testing of self-management programs. Little is known about what these programs have in common or how they differ. This scoping review compared the key components of fatigue self-management programs.

    Methods: Scoping review methodology was employed. Databases of CINAHL, Academic Search Premier, PsycINFO, Cochrane and Medline were searched to identify relevant sources. Results: Included fatigue programs were compared using a three-component framework: 1) self-management strategies; 2) active patient participation; and 3) self-management support. Although all programs included some aspects of these components, the extent varied with only a few domains of these components found across all programs.

    Conclusion: The three self-management components employed in this study showed potential benefits in identifying similarities and differences across fatigue programs with comparable and distinct underlying theories. This three-component framework could facilitate identification of domains associated with positive outcomes. Practice implications: It is essential that authors of programs provide detailed descriptions to enable inter-program comparison. The three-component framework chosen for this review was capable of describing and comparing fatigue self-management programs, paving the way for more effective interventions.

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  • 49. Aljuaid, Mohammed
    et al.
    Elmontsri, Mustafa
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Rawaf, Salman
    Majeed, Azeem
    Psychometric evaluation of the Arabic language person-centred climate questionnairestaff version2018In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 449-456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AimTo evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic language person-centred climate questionnairestaff version. BackgroundThere have been increasing calls for a person-centred rather than a disease-centred approach to health care. A limited number of tools measure the extent to which care is delivered in a person-centred manner, and none of these tools have been validated for us in Arab settings. MethodThe validated form of the person-centred climate questionnairestaff version was translated into Arabic and distributed to 152 health care staff in teaching and non-teaching hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Statistical estimates of validity and reliability were used for psychometric evaluation. ResultsItems on the Arabic form of the person-centred climate questionnairestaff version had high reliability (Cronbach's alpha .98). Cronbach's alpha values for the three sub-scales (safety, everydayness and community), were .96, .97 and .95 respectively. Internal consistency was also high and measures of validity were very good. ConclusionArabic form of the person-centred climate questionnairestaff version provides a valid and reliable way to measure the degree of perceived person-centredness. Implications for nursing managementThe tool can be used for comparing levels of person-centredness between wards, units, and public and private hospitals. The tool can also be used to measure the extent of person-centredness in health care settings in other Arab countries.

  • 50.
    Al-Kassas, Anneli
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gustafsson, Tove
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av återhämtning efter hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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