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  • 1.
    Agdahl, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Krigets kugghjul.: En undersökning av den svenska militära resursstrategins mål, medel och resultat under perioden 1776-1810.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Gears of War

    The study of states, their expansion and interaction has always been an important part of political history and often involves military as well as economic perspectives. Relations between economic capital and means of coercion is according to Charles Tilly an integral part of the state and the security policies of early modern states included a high degree of resource mobilisation, preparation for and making of war. How were these problems meant to be solved and what really happened? These historical problems are brought together in this thesis to examine the Swedish government's intentions in the form of military and resource strategic objectives, how these were implemented in the form of rules and regulations and how this was followed by the armed forces in reality. By analysing strategical and operational plans, regulatory documents and muster-rolls with the help of Tillys statemaking theories as well as Lars Wedins strategical analysis model, the thesis sets out to define the swedish states' foreign  policy, military doctrine and strategy, compare regulations with reality and evaluate the ties between theory and practice.The study shows that geopolitical factors created demands for a new general military strategy that was based on warfare with higher mobility in the border provinces of the swedish realm. The security policy seems to have been an expression of the unity of the swedish state, however, the conflict between aristocratic and royal interests shows an interesting dynamic within the political system that is characteristic for the period. The resource strategy that supported the developing doctrine of mobile warfare in Sweden was based on a well equipped fleet, a smaller and more manageble baggage train for the infantry and a military storage system that together would enable faster responses, better transport and supply capability and a more agile defence that differed from the previous fortification doctine. The strategy for procuring and maintaining of outfitting and equipment of the infantry was decentralised during the early 1800's and the civil society became more involved in the resource mobilisation. This constituted a nationalisation of resource strategical means that aimed to alleviate the natural economic limitations in Sweden.The muster-rolls of Västerbottens' infantry regiment shows that the regulations were implemented in reality but that a deficient transport capability caused by disrupted supply lines and slow aquisition of new equipment led to a sometimes severe shortage of equipment and uniforms. Apart from the deficiencies there were substantial changes to more practical equipment in line with the mobile military doctrine and security policy of Sweden. In conclusion, a clear connection between political goals, regulatory documents and implemented changes are seen and an organic relationship between intention, regulation and reality. Further investigation of these historical problems, with ample source material and useful theoretic models in a swedish context, is encouraged. 

  • 2.
    Ahlkvist, Emilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Samkönade äktenskaps vara eller icke vara inom Svenska kyrkan.: En argumentationsanalys av debattartiklar från Kyrkans tidning och Dagens Nyheter.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Samkönade äktenskaps vara eller icke vara inom Svenska kyrkan utförs en argumentationsanalys, baserad på hermeneutiks metod och kvalitativ textanalys, av debattartiklar som behandlat frågan som Svenska kyrkan ska behålla vigselrätten efter att svenska staten har gjort äktenskapsbalken könsneutral. Alla undersökta debattartiklar är publicerade mellan 2008-12-11 och 2009-10-31 i Kyrkans tidning och Dagens Nyheter. I resultatanalysen framgår det att både ja- och nej-sidan använder sig av ungefär samma typer av argument men med olika vinklingar och tolkningar. Nej-sidan använder sig dock mer av ett toleransperspektiv än ja-sidan. I ja-sidans argumenterande kan man hitta en underliggande normkritik av heteronormativiteten.

  • 3.
    Ahlqvist, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologi i Umeå stads hamn och slagfältsarkeologi på Krutbrånet: Två fallstudier inom historisk arkeologi i Umeås 1800-tal2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis deals with two case studies in environmental archaeology and battlefield archaeology focusing on two major events in the late history of the Swedish coastal town Umeå and its nearby village Sävar. Established in the early 1600's, Umeå was known for its export of timber and import of cereals. The town has suffered from numerous fires, the fire in 1888 being the most devastating. Few written records of the town remain from before the 1900's. The latest war in Sweden's history is documented in historical sources and took place at Krutbrånet, Sävar where the Swedish troops suffered defeat against the russian forces in 1809. The old port in Umeå has not been previously excavated archaeologically and only a small part of the battlefield area at Krutbrånet has been surveyed. Neither of the sites have yet been protected sites under Swedish heritage conservation act. The purpose of these two case studies is to present new research results from these two sites.In the first case study, archaeobotany and soil chemistry methods were used to analyse soil samples from undisturbed cultural layers in a construction trench at the old port of Umeå. A thick burnt layer consisted of charcoal, oats and weeds, suggesting storage and possibly intended as food for horses. Oat and pea were radiocarbon dated to most likely late 1800's which places the burned layer with oats to the big city fire in 1888. The area could have intact cultural layers that are important to investigate for understanding the  unknown history of Umeås old port.The basis for the second case study is the material evidence of lead musket bullets found during a small field survey at Krutbrånet, conducted in 2010. The bullets were studied using X-ray Fluorescence together with spatial analysis to determine if troop nationality could be possible to distinguish based on composition, characteristics and spatial positions. The results revealed bullets  in varied sizes and composed of lead but also alloys of copper, antimony and tin that appear in mixed quantities spread in all the studied areas of the battlefield. Field surveys of uninvestigated areas at Krutbrånet are needed to understand the context of the studied material and of troop formations. Further studies could also be isotope analyses to determine the origins of the oats and bullets. 

  • 4. Ahl-Waris, Eva
    et al.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Om tillkomsten och användningen av en fornlämningsplats: Arkeologibruk kring Kökars franciskankonvent2014In: Historisk Tidskrift för Finland, ISSN 0046-7596, Vol. 99, no 2, 147-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Ailert, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Avsikt, insikt och moraliskt ansvar: En genomgång av diskussionen gällande doktrinen om trippel effekt mellan Frances M. Kamm och John Harris.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Aili Törmä, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fornlämningen Luleå Gammelstad: De äldsta spåren från de arkeologiska undersökningarna inom Nederluleå socken Raä 330:1.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Alkbring, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Planering: i huvudet på en historielärare2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om hur historielärare tänker kring planeringen av undervisningen för att hinna ge eleverna en översikt av historien och nå de ambitiösa målen i styrdokumenten och anknyta till elevers livserfarenheter så att elever kan förstå och bli intresserade av historia samt hur lärarna konkret lägger upp vissa moment av historien. Fyra gymnasielärare har intervjuats under 1-1,5 timme och tre av intervjuerna spelades in på band medan den fjärde antecknades. Intervjuerna skrevs ut från band, kortades och redigerades varsamt. Undersökningsresultatet pekar på vikten av att läraren gör ett medvetet urval för att hinna fram till modern tid och göra de nödvändiga historiska kopplingarna till nutid. Utan urval kan historieundervisningen i hög grad bli en förmedling från läraren med för lite bearbetning och social interaktion för eleverna. Läraren måste växla mellan en övergripande nivå där de stora utvecklingsdragen visas för eleven och en nivå där man visar hur den lilla människan hade det. Har man för mycket av undervisningen på en övergripande nivå blir historien abstrakt för eleverna. Om man å andra sidan inte fortlöpande refererar till orsaker och konsekvenser och låter eleverna fundera över detta och visar större utvecklingssammanhang riskerar historien för eleverna bara att bli ett antal oberoende händelser.

  • 8.
    Allios, Dominique
    et al.
    Rennes University, France.
    Guermeur, Nominoë
    Rennes University, France.
    Cocoual, Antoine
    Rennes University, France.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Sciuto, Claudia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Geladi, Paul
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Gobrecht, Alexia
    IRSTEA-Montpellier, France.
    Bendoula, Ryad
    IRSTEA-Montpellier, France.
    Moura, Daniel
    IRSTEA-Montpellier, France.
    Jay, Sylvain
    IRSTEA-Montpellier, France.
    Gardel, Marie-Elise
    Amicale laïque de Carcassonne-LA3M/UMR 7298, France.
    Near infrared spectra and hyperspectral imaging of medieval fortress walls in Carcassonne: a comprehensive interdisciplinary field study2016In: NIR news, ISSN 0960-3360, Vol. 27, no 3, 16-20 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A comprehensive study has been launched in the medieval fortress of Carcassonne involving a cooperation between the universities of Umeå and Rennes, and the research institute of IRSTEA of Montpellier. This study aims to combine several spectroscopic techniques in order to resolve archaeological problems related to which raw materials were used during the city wall construction, and also to improve our understanding of the different phases of construction and use of the city walls. This study was also used for elucidating the different qualities and weak points of the applied field methods.

  • 9.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Makt och människor. Europeisk statsbildning från medeltiden till franska revolutionen: Harald Gustafsson2012In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 78, no 2, 140-141 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Brandenburg-Prussia, 1466-1806: Karin Friedrich2013In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 79, no 2, 171-172 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    War, Money and the English State, 1688-1783: John Brewer2013In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 79, no 2, 150-151 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Tidigmodern statsformering2013In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 79, no 2, 145-146 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Almbjär, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The voice of the people?: Supplications submitted to the Swedish Diet in the Age of Liberty, 1719–17722016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is devoted to the study of who used the formal channels of interaction in the early modern era and why. It examines the full range of the political conversation in early modern Sweden, as seen in the supplications to the Diet in the Age of Liberty (1719–1772), and more specifically the supplications submitted to the parliamentary committee tasked with handling them, the Screening Deputation. The literature yields few systematic studies of this official channel, and supplications have long been terra incognita in the early modern political landscape. Their exact importance is uncertain, to say the least.

    Using a database built on three samples from the beginning, middle, and end of the Age of Liberty, the Diet's supplication channel is shown to have been used by two groups: supplicants from state-affiliated households primarily tried to use it to pursue their claims on the state, to settle various issues related to employment, or to receive some sort of support through hard times; and, increasingly, commoners, especially delegates in the Estate of the Burghers, used the channel for their gravamina concerning commerce, taxation, and the like, and state support for public amenities, a group for whom the Screening Deputation offered an alternative route to getting their grievances heard by the Diet. Both groups increasingly used the Diet's supplication channel was appeal the verdicts of the King in Council (Kungl. Maj:t). Although most were not appeals against the Judicial Audit, the results reveal an active use of appeals, and thus a de facto erosion of Kungl. Maj:t's supremacy. The results also show that as many as three-fifths of all supplicants had their supplications accepted by the Screening Deputation for further examination by the Diet. Although the acceptance rate was definitely lower in the 1730s and 1740s, the committee seems to have been fairly benevolent in its interpretation of the rules on petitioning.

    The results, lastly, show that although the Diet's supplication channel allowed excluded groups direct access to the Diet - including women of all classes, commoners of rank, and unrepresented groups - it mainly catered to men with the social status or wealth that put them in the middle and upper strata of society. Although this supplication channel stood open to anyone, its egalitarian potential was seemingly never realized. The use of March and Olsen's institutional theory about the logic of appropriateness, has revealed that certain institutional templates and norms that would have enabled these groups more access to the channel succumbed and made room for other institutional foundations.

    Supplications were part of the medieval and early modern centralization of legal and political power, the formation of the state, the protection of the privileges of Swedish subjects, and, during the Age of Liberty, the power struggle between the Diet and the kings. Each supplication viewed by itself might seem trivial, but nonetheless played a part in each and every one of these major processes. An ordinary Swede could have an impact on early modern politics when acting in concert with other supplicants, like rain eating away at rock.

  • 14.
    Almquist, Viktor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att klassificera miljöetiska teorier: En analys av den centristiska terminologin och Lars Samuelssons kritik av den2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 15.
    Almqvist Nielsen, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The School as a Museum: Using Contemporary Archaeology to Understand Past School Environments2014In: Engaging with Educational Space: Visualizing Spaces of Teaching and Learning / [ed] Catherine Burke, Ian Grosvenor & Björn Norlin, Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier , 2014, 140-147 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Almqvist Nielsen, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Förhistorien som kulturellt minne: historiekulturell förändring i svenska läroböcker 1903-20102014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scandinavian prehistory has hitherto received little attention in the field of history didactics. In Swedish schools, it is taught in the lower grades in accordance with traditional periodization: the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age and the Viking Age. The aim of the present thesis is to provide an overview of Scandinavian prehistory as presented by 20th- and early 21st-century history textbooks and to trace its development and revisions.

    These revisions are situated in relation to contemporary society and concurrent developments in archaeological research. This study attempts to demonstrate the extent to which history textbooks and archaeological research correspond. In a long-term perspective, the textbooks form a developmental chain in which the gradual revision of historical culture is made manifest.

    As presented in the textbooks, prehistoric history expresses a historical culture valid in the context of a particular era. The concept of cultural memory, a memory that extends so far back in history that it can only be mediated by someone with expert knowledge (e.g. teachers, journalists or scholars), is applied in order to observe changes in its description. Cultural memory reveals how some stories constantly recur, while others are neglected or forgotten.

    The textbooks have been compared to standard archaeological works and their development and revisions have been examined from dual perspectives - "story" as cultural memory and gender. The present thesis reveals that most of the stories have been remembered and repeated for more than a century, though interpretations sometimes change along with changes in society and progress in research. A gender perspective elucidates the chores and activities ascribed to prehistoric men and women, respectively, and the changes they have undergone. Although archaeological findings have been influenced by gender research, this study indicates that society itself has had the greatest impact on the treatment of gender in the textbooks. Perceptions of "male" and "female" have changed and women have been become visible after previously being as good as ignored.

    Both history textbooks and archaeological research are clearly affected by general trends in society and the textbooks under investigation have evolved from focusing on nationalistic aspects and the predominance of men to assigning equal value to people of all cultures and to the sexes.

  • 17.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från Konsumentbladet till moderna VI1993In: Presshistorisk årsbok, Stockholm: Föreningen Pressarkivets vänner , 1993, 116-132 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Konsumera rätt: om ett svensk medborgarideal2001In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige har vi betonat vikten av att hushålla och spara. Varje samhälle har regler, som föreskriver hur vi skall bete oss som samhällsmedborgare. Men de reglerna stannar inte vid det privata hemmets dörr. Också hemmets behov har definierats enligt normer om "rätt" och "fel". Det blir alldeles tydligt om vi som här studerar svensk konsumentupplysning, skolverksamhet i hemekonomi och organisationer som KF och Svenska Slöjdföreningen. Konsumera rätt, och ha rätt behov.

  • 19.
    Aléx, Peder
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den rationella konsumenten: KF som folkuppfostrare 1899-19391994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the consumer co-operative in Sweden, specifically The Co-operative Union and Wholesale Society and the ideas that were developed within and disseminated by this organization between the years 1899 and 1939. The main theories used in the dissertation are Max Weber’s ideal-type and Norbert Elias’ civilization process.

    Initially, the dissertation describes the roots of the co-operative movement in Sweden and subsequently, the informal program and the organization of The Co-operative Union, formed in 1899.

    From the very beginning the co-operative union fiercly attacked consumer credit. The consumer (it was often a women that was implied) would learn how to control impulses and passions and never allow her instincts to influence a decision when making a purchase. Here, the co-operative connected with economic theories that put consumption above production. Through the co-operative, every authentic need could be met through the supply of real goods. Certain products, false and/or bad, were to be avoided. The consumer should continuously debate good taste, i.e. simple, practical and beautiful goods, which answered genuine needs in society. Through debate and discussion in the public arena, insight would be gained into utility and correct aesthetics. The discussion about “natural needs” included campaigns for nutritious food and functional shops and houses. Beside this campaign in study circle activities and co-operative newspapers, the mind of the reader.

    Study circles and newspaper articles directed a challenge to the woman to not only be “the woman with the basket” but also to be more efficient, i.e. planning her time in a spirit of Taylorism. This demanded both discipline and rationality in order to avoid credit, but also calmness, peace of mind and responsibility for more than just oneself. In the late 1930s she was supposed to be economist, nutrition expert, cook, cleaner, psychologist and child-raiser, all at the same time. All these were seen as factors that were a part of being a rational consumer.

  • 20. Amirell, Stefan
    et al.
    Lindström, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Tjugoandra världshistorikerkongressen, Jinan, 23-29 augusti 20152016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 1, 131-134 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Amnell, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Integration: Elizabeth Andersons imperativ2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Anderalm, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Animalism, foster och döda människor2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Anderalm, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Human Being or Human Brain?: Animalism and the Problem of Thinking Brains2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Animalismens huvudargument säger att du är det tänkande objektet som sitter i din stol, och enligt animalisterna själva innebär detta att du är identisk med ett mänskligt djur. Argumentet är dock problematiskt då det inte tycks utesluta eventuella tänkande delar hos det mänskliga djuret, som till exempel dess hjärna. Detta beror på att hjärnor också kan beskrivas som tänkande, samt att även de befinner sig inom det spatiella område som upptas av det mänskliga djuret. I den här uppsatsen argumenterar jag för att tänkande hjärnor är ett problem för animalismen och att tesen att vi är identiska med hjärnor är ett verkligt hot mot den animalistiska teorin om personlig identitet. Olika argument som lagts fram mot tesen att vi är hjärnor avhandlas, som till exempel att hjärnor inte existerar och att hjärnor inte tänker. Jag diskuterar även två argument som tidigare använts för att visa att vi är personer snarare än mänskliga djur (the Transplant Intuition och the Remnant Person Problem), men i det här sammanhanget bedöms de utifrån deras förmåga att stödja hjärnteorin.

  • 24.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kyrkan som plats vid skolavslutningar?: En studie av lärare och lärarstudenters attityder gentemot kyrkovistelse och konfessionella inslag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vad blivande lärare och aktiva lärare har för attityder tillskolavslutning och högtidsfirande i kyrkan samt skolavslutning och högtidsfirande i kyrkan medkonfessionella inslag. Studien baseras på en internetenkät som blivande lärare och aktiva läraresvarat på. Resultatet visar att den största andelen av de aktiva lärarna och blivande lärarna varpositiva till vistelsen i kyrkolokalerna i samband med skolavslutningar och högtidsfirande. Denstörsta andelen var däremot negativa till företeelsen med konfessionella inslag vid dessahögtidsfiranden. Äldre aktiva lärare och blivande lärare var i högre grad positiva till bådevistelsen i kyrkan och de konfessionella inslagen än de yngre. Slutsatserna är att sekulariseringeni Sverige ser ut att fortsätta i linje med de reviderade sekulariseringsteorierna, då konfessionalitetinte länge ses som något önskvärt bland den största andelen av aktiva lärare och blivande lärare.Dock finns det också nämnvärda avvikelser från detta mönster. Kyrkan fortsätter samtidigt ha ensekulär, traditionsbunden roll i skolan och är därför fortfarande relevant.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Bruket av kristnandet: Relationen mellan framställningar av kristnandet i Sverige i forskning kontra gymnasiets läroböcker under 1900-talet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Andersson, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Målar författare till religionsläromedel med bred pensel?: - En kritisk undersökning av fyra gymnasieläromedels framställning av buddhism2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on qualitative and hermeneutic methods. The investigation summarises how four textbooks present Buddhism in (school) subject Religion, such as texts and images. Two of them are used in Religious studies A, the rest is used in Religious studies 1. The study rests on the theories of orientalism and christocentrism, where both can be related to the concept of making secondary. In the research background there are descriptions of how the western world looks upon Buddhism in a historical perspective, but also how Buddhism in a modern age is represented. The (school) subject Religion for Religious science A was written in 2008 and the (school) subject Religion for Religious science 1 in 2006 and 2007. In an overview the analysis shows that all of the four textbooks are putting most of the focus in Buddha, the buddhist teaching, monks, nuns and temple life. The buddhist teaching is also more centrally described than the practical concept. 

  • 27.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Review of Karl Popper: Critical Appraisals, ed. by Philip Catton and Graham Macdonald. London: Routledge. Pp. xii + 2352009In: Philosophy of the social sciences, ISSN 0048-3931, E-ISSN 1552-7441, Vol. 39, no 1, 115-119 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Review of Herbert Keuth: The Philosophy of Karl Popper. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press2009In: Philosophy of the social sciences, ISSN 0048-3931, E-ISSN 1552-7441, Vol. 39, no 2, 324-332 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Förnuftig tro och intellektuell moral2009In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 30, no 4, 13-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Rättfärdigande och kritisk prövning2010In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 31, no 3, 33-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den kritiska rationalismens intellektuella moral2012In: Från ett öppet universum: Studier i Karl Poppers filosofi / [ed] Ola Lindberg, Umeå: h:ström , 2012, 18-26 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Problem of the Empirical Basis in Critical Rationalism2016In: The Cambridge Companion to Popper / [ed] Jeremey Shearmure and Geoffrey Stokes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, 125-142 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to test theories scientists use statements about observations and experiments. How  these test statements should be selected is a problem in Critical Rationalism. Different solutions to this problem are discussed. It is argued that test statements can be tested and critically discussed by comparing them with other test statements or by deriving unproblematic test statements.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Is Experience a Reason for Accepting Basic Statements?2013In: Johanssonian Investigations: Essays in Honur of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday / [ed] C. Svennerlind, J. Almäng & R. Ingthorsson, Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag , 2013, 42-52 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The act of accepting a basic statement is distinguished from the logical justification of the content of a basic statement. Although experience cannot logically justify the content of a basic statement, it is argued that experience might be a reason for accepting a basic statement.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Critical rationalism and the principle of sufficient reason2009In: Rethinking Popper, Berlin: Springer , 2009, 21-30 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    According to the principle of sufficient reason we should always try to give sufficient reasons for the truth (or high probability) of our opinions. All such attempts lead to a trilemma of justification: they force us to choose between infinite regress, logical circle, or dogmatism. According to the principle of critical testing we should always try to test our opinions critically. It is reasonable to claim that opinions that has survived critical tests are true. Such truthclaims are conjectural and do not confront us with any trilemma of justification. Scientific theories can be tested through observations and experiments. Statements about observations and experiments can be tested by experience. Although Critical Rationalism is a philosophical position, it can also be critically discussed. If we follow the principle of critical testing, no trilemma of justification arises when we claim that it is reasonable to accept Critical Rationalism. This opens the way for a critical philosophy stressing the fallibility of human knowledge.

  • 35.
    Andersson Hult, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Historia i bagaget: en historiedidaktisk studie om varför historiemedvetande uttrycks i olika former2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to analyze and discuss why historical consciousness may be expressed in different ways and possible causes for these differences. High school students' and history student teachers’ answers to a historical test were analyzed in relation to historical consciousness.  The German philosopher of history, Jörn Rüsen, has in numerous publications presented four forms or expressions of narratives and historical consciousness and these have been applied in the analyses. Rüsen’s four main categories of historical consciousness (i.e. traditional, exemplary, critical and genetic) stretch from a simple understanding of history to a more complex one. The main findings here show that expressions of historical consciousness differed significantly among the respondents. In view of these findings, education and age seem to affect respondents’ expressions of historical consciousness. Traditional expressions of historical consciousness were less prominent among history student teachers than among high school students, for instance. Gender differences were also prominent among the respondents: the female respondents manifested exemplary forms of historical consciousness to a higher degree than the male counterparts. There were also big differences among the gender groups as the high school student boys expressed traditional forms of historical consciousness and male history teacher students were more inclined towards a critical historical consciousness. Social background also seemed to influence the expression of historical consciousness to some extent, especially if the parents were university educated. However, some results in this study seem to indicate that social environment is more relevant to explain differences in historical consciousness than social background. For these reasons the school context has been highlighted in this study.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Historieundervisningens syfte: En undersökning av Västerbottens gymnasieelevers syftesförståelse och intresse i historia2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37. Andersson, Kristin
    et al.
    Straarup, Jørgen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jämställdhet på jobbet: implementeringsanalys av Jämvägens 3:e R inom AMV Norrbotten2001Book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Andersson, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vem var sexman?: En studie av förtroendeuppdragens representation i Anundsjö församling 1800-18502014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 39.
    Andersson, Natalia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Samme Fader han dock Bliver: En litteraturstudie angående gudsbilden i två barnbiblar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comparative literature study between two children’s bibles and the Swedish Bible. The study compares three stories from the Bible with the children’s bible versions of them. The purpose of the study is to see whether God is portrayed differently in the children’s bibles, and if so, in what way. The study uses narrtology to analyze the chosen texts and a hermeneutical frame of interpretation to ascertain what the difference between the versions of the same story is and if and how this effects the meaning, message or image of God conveyed by the original text. The study finds that many liberties have been taken with the original stories, the most frequent of which being different form of censorship. This is achieved by excluding violent and/or cruel parts of the stories in the children’s bible versions, or adding elements such as descriptions of positive emotions to God’s actions or enhancing the bond between God and other agents of the story.

    The study is largely based on the work of Sören Dalevi and his dissertation Gud som haver barnen kär – Barnsyn, gudsbild och Jesusbild i Barnens bibel och Bibeln I berättelser och bilder, but this study is conducted on a much lower level and smaller scale. 

  • 40.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från fula gubbar och liderliga gummor till vitala casanovor och glada änkor?: Om 1900-talets bilder av äldres sexualitet2009In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Konsten att åldras med värdighet: Om samtida och historiska åldrandeideal2010In: Livslinjer: Berättelser om ålder, genus och sexualitet / [ed] Fanny Ambjörnsson & Maria Jönsson, Göteborg: Stockholm , 2010, 93-122 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om hur ålder, klass och kön genom historien, och i nuet, utgör ett kluster av faktorer som präglar ramar och kulturella normer kring hur livet bör hanteras och levas när man åldras. Inte sällan har normerna utgått från stereotypa och ibland nedvärderande föreställningar om äldre människor.  Länge präglades kunskapsområdet om åldrandet av teorier om successiv energiförlust genom livet och utifrån det, uppfattningar om det goda i att i viss mån dra sig tillbaka. Tillbakadragenheten kunde ex vis handla om att minska ner på fysiska och intellektuella aktiviteter och vara måttfull med hårt kryddad mat och starka drycker. Den moderna tidens norm kretsar mer kring påbud om aktivitet – t.ex. arbete efter pensionen – och föreställningar om åldrandet som mer eller mindre framgångsrikt. Såväl antikens som nutidens människa har kunnat gå till den samtida självhjälpslitteraturen för att få råd om hur åldrandet bör hanteras.

     Hur ska man då bete sig när man åldras? Övergripande har ålderdomens ”värde” i hög grad handlat om vilken status man haft i det specifika samhällssammanhang man – framförallt utifrån kön och klass – befunnit sig i. I både den historiska och nutida självhjälpslitteraturen ges mycket riktigt råd som associerar till korrekthet: återhållsamhet och självkontroll. Gamla människor bör ex vis inte framstå som giriga eller sexuellt frivola, och det gäller såväl antikens som nutidens äldre. Skillnaden mellan antikens och den moderna tidens diskussion om åldrandet är att man i den antika kontexten (kring år 0) la stor tonvikt vid etiska aspekter och tankar om social rättvisa i samhället, som inbegrep tankar om lycka och ett gott liv. Den moderna människan är mer fokuserad på ”identitetsaktiviteter”, på tankar om vem man själv är och vill vara, men också på en förståelse av livsloppet i termer av kriser.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Bertha Wellin, Folke Henschen och gränsöverskridandets genusimplikationer2008In: Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria, Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier , 2008, 73-88 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kan man göra så i ditt ämne?2009In: Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter / [ed] Fjellström, Mona, Umeå: Skriftserie från Universitetspedagogiskt centrum , 2009, 47-58 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln reflekteras över de pedagogiska utmaningar som följer av att undervisa i tvärvetenskapliga sammanhang. Frågor som ställs rör hur ämnesbakgrunder kan fungera både som ett hinder och en hjälp i lärandesituationen; vilka specifika pedagogiska utmaningar man ställs inför som lärare, samt vad som händer med förståelsen av det egna ämnet efter att ha konfronterats med någonting nytt och annorlunda. I artikeln betonas även vikten av att (oavsett utbildningsnivå) läsa texter från andra ämnen och fakulteter än den egna - och de spänningar som kan uppstå på grund av ämnesspecifika kunskapshållningar.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kan man göra så i ditt ämne?2009In: Undervisning på tvären: Student - och lärarerfarenheter / [ed] Mona Fjellström, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum (UPC), Umeå universitet , 2009, 47-58 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras de pedagogiska utmaningar som följer av att undervisa i tvärvetenskapliga sammanhang. Följande frågor ställs: på vilka sätt kan olika ämnesbakgrunder vara till hinder eller till hjälp i lärandesituationer?; vilka pedagogiska utmaningar ställs man inför som lärare?; vad sker med förståelsen av det egna ämnet efter möten med nya och annorlunda ämnestraditioner?; vilken roll spelar förmågan att kunna läsa texter från olika ämnen och traditioner än det egna, för att kunna uppnå en gynnsam lärandeprocess?

  • 45.
    Anderzén, Sölve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Baptisms and baptismal records: some examples of the use church registers and records as sources in historical research2002In: Scriptum, ISSN 0284-3161, no 50, 70-101 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Appelblad, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    De klassiska sekulariseringsteoriernas arv: En kvalitativ, komparativ litteraturstudie om Weber och Durkheims sekulariseringsteorier och deras giltighet idag.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The secularization theses has over the last decade been a central issue within the sociology of religion. The two classic theses has been criticized for being one-sided and only focus on the change from traditional to modern society. The intention of this study is to evaluate this critique and to discuss what is defendable in the early secularization thesis in our contemporary world.This essay’s primary purpose is to compare the secularization theses Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism and Durkheim’s The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. I use two analytical models, posing three levels and three categories of secularization, in order to make the comparison explicit. The levels are societal, organization and individual. The categories are descriptive, normative and analytic.As result I have found that there are perspectives of the classical theses of Weber and Durkheim that is defendable in the contemporary world. The critique is valid in some aspects, but not in every.

  • 47.
    Appelblad, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    "Ty kan man sin egen historia, blir det lättare att kämpa för sin egen identitet".: En kvalitativ analys av ett samiskt perspektiv på utbildningspolitik mellan 1962-1994.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis intends to examine a sámi perspective on Swedish educational policy between 1962 and 1994. To do so the curriculum of the Swedish schools and the sámi schools are analyzed. The sámi perspective in the thesis is represented by the debate about educational policy in a sámi journal, Samefolket.The results show that the Swedish curriculums from 1962-1994 don’t mention the sámi people and only the last one, the one from 1980, are stating shortly that groups within Sweden are to be treated with solidarity. Otherwise the sámis aren’t mentioned. In the curriculums for the sámi schools that only permitted sámi children, one can find that the purpose of those schools were to strengthen the sámi people in their culture and language.In the debate about education politics in the journal Samefolket it appears that there were three themes of subjects that were central in the debate. The first was the debate on the organizational form of the sámi schools. It appears that the voices in the debate of educational policy in Samefolket wanted greater sami influence in the sami school, however, this study shows that the Samefolket-debate did not comment on the educational policy reforms themselves. The study shows that the sámi voices in Samefolket wanted to keep the special sámi schools and that the two motives, which was the second theme of the debate, were to keep and to defend their culture. In the curriculum för the sami schools, this was also the motive. The third theme was of how the school system in Sweden was educating the non-sámi people about the sámi. In this theme the prime focus was about how sámis were represented in Swedish textbooks and the study shows that there were, according to the voices in Samefolket, a great disappointment in these.At last, from a culture imperialistic theory one can make the observation that the sámi schools were motivated as an important institution because the Swedish school system couldn’t give the sámi an education to fulfill their cultural needs. This is a result from the analysis of the Swedish school curriculums in comparison with the debate in the journal Samefolket, where the Swedish schools were criticized for being ethnocentric in the sense that the text books presented a stereotype of the sámis. The culture, most often represented by the language, play an important role in the educational policy debate in the Samefolket, which strengthen a language-based definition of the sámi culture.

  • 48.
    Axelsson, Einar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Samerna och statsmakten: Vardagligt motstånd och kulturell hybriditet i Torne lappmark under perioden 1639-17322015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the everyday resistance, and its interaction with cultural hybridity, of the Saami population in the administrative unit of Torne lappmark during the period 1639–1732. To do this, the thesis uses theoretical concept of everday resistance as it has been described by JamesC. Scott and the theories of cultural hybridity as they have been described by Peter Burke. Primary source material used in this thesis consists of the court records from Torne lappmark, specifically from the courts at Jukkasjärvi and Enontekis.The results of this thesis present a picture of the everyday resistance in early modern Torne lappmark. The states control was most prominent at the annual markets and court proceedings. The everyday resistance of the Saamis became more subtle when the supervision by the Swedish state became more significant, for example by cutting off pieces from the reindeer hides that they sold or taxed with. Further away from the courts the Saamis could use more drastic options, for example fleeing to Norway. The Swedish state did not want to implement hard punishments on the Saamis because the mining operations in the lappmarks were dependent on Saamis and reindeers to carry ore, wood and food in order to keep the mines operational. This is used by the Saamis as an argument against material domination. The insults and rumours concerning state officials that can be found in the source material often concern abuse of power. The lack of control outside the yearly court proceedings also led to harassments of state and church officials.The Swedish state had political reasons to present the Saamis as chris- tian subjects while trying to exterminate the Saami religion. The Saamis therefore learned a sufficient amount of christianity to make interaction with the state easier and to use as a tool in court proceedings to avoid punishment. This normalised and legitimised the states use of power. The fact that Saamis carried christian ideas and could reproduce them when they needed also led to a cultural hybridisation. They also adapted these ideas in accordance to their own worldview. Some Saamis also hybridised the two religions in different religious practises.The use of these theoretical models offers a new perspective on the interaction between the Swedish state and the Saamis. It also gives a new perspective on the power relationships in Torne lappmark during the early modern period.

    Keywords: Saami history, everyday resistance, cultural hybridity, 17th century, 18th century 

  • 49.
    Axelsson, Einar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    "I barn, warer hörighe idhra föräldrar": Barn, föräldrar och auktoritetskonflikter i stormaktstidens Sverige2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Urfolkshälsa: utmanande  och svårfångad2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 6, 726-735 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines Swedish health research regarding the Indigenous Sami people and the lack of epidemiological data. A historical overview underlines that Swedish research is hampered by Sami people having been the subject of studies by the National Institute of Racial Biology between 1920 and 1950. Public health research has mainly taken place during the last 20 years. There are no current epidemiological studies and this is linked to the fact that Swedish official statistics do not report on ethnic groups in the country. Ethnic statistics is a sensative issue and new ethical principles need to be worked out where the Sami, as constitutionally recognized indigenous people, are allowed to decide whether they want to be part of official statistics, and if so, what statistics would be relevant and how it should be collected.

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