umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 1652
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 1. Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Beland, Daniel
    Edmondson, Ricca
    Ginn, Jay
    Komp, Kathrin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Perek-Bialas, Jolanta
    Sorensen, Penny
    Weicht, Bernhard
    Ageing in the light of crises: Economic crisis, demographic change, and the search for meaning2012Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Social Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Komp, Kathrin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The future of greying Europe: Conclusion2013In: Old age in Europe: A textbook of gerontology / [ed] Komp, K., & Aartsen, M., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, p. 131-136Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although Europe’s population is greying, the future of Europe does not look grey. What can be learned from this book is that old age is not necessarily characterized by frailty and decline, but instead can be a time of self-fulfillment, activity, and social participation. Moreover, we now know that population ageing does not need to threaten extant social and welfare state-related institutions, but instead opens up potentials for restructuring and reinvention. Life expectancy is longer than ever before and living conditions that enhance healthy ageing have very much improved. New technologies and Information and Communication Technologies may assist older people to stay in their homes longer. The growing possibilities to reach a good old age may have given rise to what is sometimes called ‘a silver economy’: an economy with all kinds of new products and services, particularly aimed at the growing share of healthy and wealthy senior citizens. The greying of Europe might, thus, ultimately lead us into a bright and colourful future.

  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Evelin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ungdomsinflytande i Örnsköldsviks kommun: En tematisk analys om ungas möjlighet till ökat inflytande i Örnsköldsvik2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on three focus group interviews with minors living in Örnsköldsviks municipality. The aim is to investigate what minor individuals want to gain more influence in that concerns their citizenship rights. It also aims to investigate what obstacles there is in their surroundings that prevent them from influencing it. I have conducted semi-structured interviews with the focus groups. The theoretical framework consist of T.H Marshalls theories about citizenship, with the division of civil, political and social rights. Important theoretical conclusions from Tom Bottomore and Rut Lister theories about different group’s substantial opportunities to use their rights in their citizenship has also been used. The conclusion is that the minors living in Örnsköldsvik want to get more influence on their school, places to meet and the opportunity to create a culture place for them to practice music and other culture. The minors experience several obstacles to being able to gain real influence on their citizenship rights. Their young age was one explanation, but there are also laws and rules that prevent them from participating and gaining influenceof their rights in their citizenship

  • 4.
    Abrahamsson, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Alla är vi Charlie?: En diskursanalys av kampanjen #JeSuisCharlie på Twitter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har haft som mål att skapa förståelse för hur hashtagkampanjen #JeSuisCharlie komatt användas på den sociala medieplattformen Twitter efter attacken mot satirtidskriften CharlieHebdo i Paris, den 7 januari 2015. Med kritisk diskursanalys som metod har vi sökt studera påvilka sätt vissa twittrare använde sig av kampanjen och hur de identifierade sig med Charlie.Charlie Hebdo kom för vissa twittrare att bli en symbol för det fria ordet, men det fanns även desom inte ville ställa sig bakom Charlie Hebdos budskap. Vi har därför också sökt analysera detavståndstagande som formulerades mot kampanjen bland vissa twittrare. Detta till följd av dereflektioner som uppstod över att så många valde att identifiera sig med en tidning som tidigarekritiserats för att vara islamofobisk. Analysen visar hur #JeSuisCharlie därmed kom att bli entvetydig och komplex symbol för yttrandefrihet, som också bidrog till att reproducerakonfliktlinjer mellan det demokratiska ”Väst” och de muslimska ”Andra”.

  • 5.
    Adolfsson, Josefin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att ge och känna för andra: En studie om emotionellt arbete i förhållande till kvinnors möjlighet att vara chef2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor innehar idag färre chefspositioner på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. För att öka förståelsen kring varför färre kvinnor jämfört med män är chefer syftar uppsatsen till att förstå om emotionellt arbete är relaterat till möjligheten för kvinnor att vara chef i Sverige. Det emotionella arbetet i uppsatsen handlar om ett omhändertagande känsloarbete som sker till förmån för andras välmående. I uppsatsen definieras emotionellt arbete med hjälp av två dimensioner. Den första dimensionen handlar om att ge emotionellt stöd och den andra om viljan att ge emotionellt stöd. Data från ESS år 2012 studeras med hjälp av beskrivande analyser och logistisk regression. Resultaten visar att kvinnor som är chefer har en lägre nivå av emotionellt arbete jämfört med kvinnor som inte är chefer. Den lägre nivån av emotionellt arbete bland kvinnor i ledande positioner kan antingen tolkas som att kvinnor i chefspositioner anpassar nivån av emotionellt arbete eller att de är kvinnor med en låg nivå av emotionellt arbete som blir chefer. Den manliga normens primat, glastaket och genusskapandet diskuteras vara faktorer som bidrar till att kvinnor i ledande positioner begränsas, vilket skulle kunna vara en anledning till att kvinnor i chefspositioner har en lägre nivå av emotionellt arbete. En eventuell anpassning av den emotionella arbetsnivån bland kvinnor i ledande positioner diskuteras även vara en potentiell faktor till en reproducering av den vertikala könssegregerade arbetsmarknaden i Sverige. För att minska den vertikala könssegregeringen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden kan det därför finnas en poäng i att uppmärksamma att kvinnor i ledande positioner har en lägre nivå av emotionella arbete.

  • 6.
    Adolfsson, Maja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ”I princip svensk”: En kvalitativ studie om hur fem unga med utländsk bakgrund upplever och hanterar rasifiering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur unga med utländsk bakgrund upplever rasifiering och vilka strategier de använder sig av för att hantera rasifieringen. Fokus föreligger på hur rasifiering “görs” samt vilka strategier som används av dem som utsätts för rasifiering i förhållande till samhällets dominerande diskurser. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med fem unga med utländsk bakgrund har material samlats in. Av intervjuerna framgår att samtliga respondenter upplever att de tillskrivs annorlunda egenskaper och förväntningar än vad som följer av den dominerande vithetsnormen. Rasifiering “görs” genom att rasifierade bedöms som avvikande utifrån vithetsnormen och föreställningen om en svensk kulturell homogenitet. Föreställningar om annorlundaskap skapar förväntningar om att rasifierade personer ska uppträda på ett annat sätt än vad som ryms inom föreställningen om svenskhet. Därigenom utsätts de för vardagsrasism och strukturell rasism i samhället. De strategier respondenterna använde sig av för att hantera rasifieringen delas in i offensiva respektive defensiva strategier. De förstnämnda är exempelvis att motbevisa stereotyper eller att på olika sätt bekämpa strukturen. Exempel på defensiva strategier är att förneka att man är utsatt för rasifiering. Med utgångspunkt i studien föreslås fortsatt forskning för att fördjupa kunskapen om hur svenskhet konstrueras och reproduceras inom olika domäner av samhället, från samspelet mellan individer till strukturell nivå inom samhälleliga institutioner. Vidare behövs forskning om hur offensiva och defensiva strategier påverkar olika gruppers möjligheter till likabehandling.

  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Söderlund, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Varför vill ni inte delta?: En kvantitativ studie om orsaker till låg svarsfrekvens på en medarbetarundersökning.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Runt om i landet lägger företag och organisationer stora summor på medarbetarundersökningar varje år. För att dessa undersökningar ska bidra till verksamheten krävs en hög svarsfrekvens. Företaget hade på sin medarbetarundersökning 2014 förlorat ungefär 30 % av sin svarsfrekvens jämfört med tidigare år. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkat de medarbetare som valt att inte delta. Studien baserade sig på en enkät med ett totalurval av alla medarbetare på företaget. Resultatet av undersökningen visade att de faktorer som mest troligt har påverkat medarbetarnas till att inte delta är deras upplevelse av att inte känna sig anonyma på medarbetarundersökningen, att förutsättningar upplevdes olika för det som deltog och inte deltog, samt att, ett försämrat förtroende till företagets ledning ka ha haft inverkan på svarsfrekvensen.

  • 8.
    Adriansson, Elin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Blomberg, Victor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Matchningen mellan arbetsvärderingar och arbetsförhållanden i Sverige: En kvantitativ studie av hur arbete värderas, realiseras samt relaterar till arbetstillfredsställelse och organisatoriskt engagemang2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats kartläggs svenska arbetstagares arbetsvärderingar och arbetsförhållanden samt matchningen mellan dessa två komponenter över tid vid tre mättillfällen. Detta för att se hur värderingar och de upplevda förhållandena relaterar till varandra under denna period och ifall detta har förändrats. Datamaterialet är hämtat från ISSP work orientations modul (1997,2005 och 2015). De dimensioner av arbetet som undersökts är; inkomst, karriärmöjligheter, intressant jobb samt autonomi i arbetet där de två senare är inre dimensioner av arbetet medan inkomst och karriärmöjligheter är yttre dimensioner. Vidare undersöks ifall matchningarna har någon påverkan på arbetstillfredsställelse samt organisatoriskt engagemang för att se huruvida kombinationen av att både värdera något samt få dessa värderingar uppfyllda ger någon extra effekt på dessa två arbetsattityder. För att kartlägga utvecklingen i Sverige har vi undersökt andelen som värderar samt andelen som upplever att de får värderingarna realiserade i arbetet samt kombinationen av dessa. Vidare har vi använt oss av multipel linjär regression för att undersöka matchningarnas påverkan på arbetstillfredsställelse och organisatoriskt engagemang. Resultaten visar att de faktiska upplevda arbetsförhållandena har gått i en positiv riktning där fler tycks få sina värderingar uppfyllda i arbetet. Vidare visar resultaten att matchningarna tycks ha betydelse för arbetstillfredsställelse där de som både värderar en dimension högt samt får denna dimension realiserad har högre arbetstillfredsställelse än övriga matchningar med en extra hög effekt när det kommer till inre dimensioner av arbetet. Matchningarna har även betydelse för organisatoriskt engagemang där den andelen som både värderar en dimension högt samt får den realiserad har högre engagemang.

  • 9.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Department of e-Resources, University Library, Stockholm University.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Field normalized citation rates, field normalized journal impact and Norwegian weights for allocation of university research funds2012In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 767-780Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compared three different bibliometric evaluation approaches: two citationbased approaches and one based on manual classification of publishing channels into quality levels. Publication data for two universities was used, and we worked with two levels of analysis: article and department. For the article level, we investigated the predictive power of field normalized citation rates and field normalized journal impact with respect to journal level. The results for the article level show that evaluation of journals based on citation impact correlate rather well with manual classification of journals into quality levels. However, the prediction from field normalized citation rates to journal level was only marginally better than random guessing. At the department level, we studied three different indicators in the context of research fund allocation within universities and the extent to which the three indicators produce different distributions of research funds. It turned out that the three distributions of relative indicator values were very similar, which in turn yields that the corresponding distributions of hypothetical research funds would be very similar.

  • 10.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; Department of ALM, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Exploring the Relation Between Referencing Practices and Citation Impact: A Large-Scale Study Based on Web of Science Data2018In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 69, no 5, p. 728-743Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this large-scale contribution, we deal with the relationship between properties of cited references of Web of Science articles and the field normalized citation rate of these articles. Using nearly 1 million articles, and three classification systems with different levels of granularity, we study the effects of number of cited references, share of references covered by Web of Science, mean age of references and mean citation rate of references on field normalized citation rate. To expose the relationship between the predictor variables and the response variable, we use quantile regression. We found that a higher number of references, a higher share of references to publications within Web of Science and references to more recent publications correlate with citation impact. A correlation was observed even when normalization was done with a finely grained classification system. The predictor variables affected citation impact to a larger extent at higher quantile levels. Regarding the relative importance of the predictor variables, citation impact of the cited references was in general the least important variable. Number of cited references carried most of the importance for both low and medium quantile levels, but this importance was lessened at the highest considered level.

  • 11.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pagin, Peter
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Svedberg, Maria
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 12.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Department of e-Resources, University Library, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Globalization of citations and collaboration: a study of twelve journals2012In: Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators / [ed] Éric Archambault, Yves Gingras and Vincent Larivière, 2012, p. 23-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We treated citations and collaboration from a spatial point of view with respect to twelve journals. Eleven of the journals are from the field of information science, the remaining one from the nanotechnology field. Publication data from Web of Science were used. The twelve journals were compared with respect to mean global impact (in terms of geographical citation distance), citation impact, share of foreign country citation links, degree of concentration of country citation links, and mean geographical collaboration distance. The information science journals oriented towards research evaluation tended to have lower global impact than the more general information science journals, whereas a reversed pattern was observed regarding share of foreign country citation links. For the relation between global impact and citation impact, there was a weak similarity between the global impact ordering and the citation impact ordering of the journals. Regarding the degree of concentration of country citation links, the links were found to be highly concentrated to certain countries, irrespective of if cited or citing countries were considered. For geographical collaboration distance, the nanotechnology journal in the study, Nature Nanotechnology, had the highest indicator value, which is in agreement with the outcome for global impact.

  • 13.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Department of e-Resources, University Library, Stockholm University.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Tijssen, Robert
    Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS), Leiden University, PO Box 905, 2300 AX Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Geographical distance in bibliometric relations within epistemic communities2013In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 95, no 2, p. 771-784Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientists collaborate increasingly on a global scale. Does this trend also hold for other bibliometric relations such as direct citations, cocitations and shared references? This study examines citation-based relations in publications published in the journal Scientometrics from 1981 to 2010. Different measures of Mean Geographical Distance (MGD) are tested. If we take all citation links into consideration, there is no indication of MGD increase, but when we look at maximum distances of each relation, a weak tendency of increasing MGD could be observed. One major factor behind the lack of growth of mean distances is the form of the distribution of citation links over distances. Our data suggest that the interactions might grow simultaneously for both short and long distances.

  • 14.
    Ahlinder, Isak
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The impact of labor market insecurity on mental health among immigrants in Europe2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of labor market insecurity on immigrants’ mental health is understudied. This current study investigated whether labor market insecurity, as measured by different employment arrangements, has detrimental impact on immigrants’ depression, and if so, how it compares to the role of unemployment. Furthermore, this study investigated whether labor market insecurity had more detrimental impact on immigrants than non-immigrants. To do so, data from seventh wave of European Social Survey (2014/2015) was divided into three separate immigrant groups; first-generation immigrants, second-generation immigrants and non-immigrants. The results shows that labor market insecurity among immigrants had detrimental impact on mental health. The effects were not restricted to the first- generation immigrants’ mental health, they could also be observed in the second-generation immigrants and among non-immigrants. The results presented in this thesis show that not only unemployment, but also insecure employment arrangement have negative impact on mental health, both among immigrants and non-immigrants.

  • 15.
    Ahlskog, Stina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Karlsson, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    HBT-arbete utifrån likabehandlingspolicy: Första och andra linjens chefers möjligheter för och föreställningar kring arbetet med HBT-frågor på Skellefteå kommun2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    HBT-frågor är idag en alltmer omtalad fråga i den samhälleliga debatten. Sedan diskrimineringslagstiftningen ändrades år 2009 har organisationer ett alltmer omfattande ansvar att arbeta för att motverka diskriminering i alla dess former. Då Skellefteå kommun har fattat beslut om att öka sitt invånarantal till 80 000 invånare år 2030 görs stora insatser föratt se till att alla människor har samma förutsättningar att leva och verka i kommunen.Uppdraget var därför att undersöka första och andra linjens chefers möjligheter att utifrån den befintliga likabehandlingspolicyn arbeta med HBT-frågor. Studien baseras på 12 intervjuer med första- och andra linjens chefer på en kvinnodominerad och en mansdominerad arbetsplats inom kommunen. Resultatet visar att cheferna upplever en begränsning i hur de kan använda sig av likabehandlingspolicyn i sitt dagliga arbete. Dokumentet ses mer som spelregler snarare än något som konkret kan användas praktiskt. Den mest framträdande föreställningen kring HBT-frågor bland cheferna på de arbetsplatser som undersökts var att det inte fanns någon problematik med diskriminering inom deras verksamhetsområde. Därför fanns en föreställning bland några av cheferna att något förebyggande arbete med dessa frågorinte behövdes. Det går att utläsa vissa skillnader mellan kvinnodominerade och mansdominerade arbetsplatser i hur man arbetar med HBT-frågor samt de föreställningar som finns kring hur dessa frågor talas om på arbetsplatserna. Cheferna på de kvinnodominerade arbetsplatserna var mer benägna att bedriva ett proaktivt likabehandlingsarbete än cheferna påde mansdominerade arbetsplatserna. Ingen bedriver dock ett specifikt arbete med HBT-frågori dagsläget.

  • 16.
    Ahlström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bullying and social objectives: A study of prerequisites for success in Swedish schools2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the relationship between organizations structure, culture and leadership. The specific organization that has been studied is Swedish secondary schools. The Swedish schools have a divided task, first to develop the students academic skills and secondly to develop the students socially and civically. This thesis has its interest on the schools social environment with special interest focused on questions regarding bullying and insulting behaviour. The data that has been used consists of interviews and questionnaires with students, teachers and principals in 24 Swedish schools that have been studied in a larger study. This work is a part of a project called Structure, Culture and Leadership – prerequisites for successful schools?.  The 24 schools that took part in the SCL study were divided in to four different groups depending on how well they are succeeding in reaching the social and academic objectives formulated in the steering documents. The main result show that principals that succeed to align structure and culture in relation to both the social and academic objectives are the ones that can be perceived as successful. It is these schools that have the lowest level of bullying and the highest grades. The principal takes social responsibility and takes questions in relation to bullying and insulting behaviour seriously. By doing that the principal can communicate the seriousness of the topic in order to develop awareness within the organization and a preventive work can therefore be possible. In schools that work with the students’ ability to be participative seems to develop the students both socially and academically.

  • 17.
    Ahlström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mobbning och skolans sociala mål2011In: Struktur, kultur och ledarskap: Förutsättningar för framgångsrika skolor / [ed] Jonas Höög, Olof Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 153-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Ahlström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Student participation and school success: A study about participation, grades and bullying among 9th grade students in Sweden2010In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 97-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish school law and curriculum it is stated that students shall be participative in their work. They should work in a participative manner and the pedagogical idea is that influence and participation has multiple benefits for the students’ development. In this article the relationship between student participation and school success is examined. By using a theoretically based participation index eight schools were chosen to be closer examined. Success was measured by the schools grades and the level of perceived bullying among the students. Student participation seems to have beneficial effects on the students’ academic and social development. In schools that have higher level of student participation the grades were higher and the level of perceived bullying among the students was lower than schools with a lower level of participation.

  • 19.
    Ahlström, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    "We are no different": Swedish Principals views on their SchoolsIn: Power and education, ISSN 1757-7438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on principals and their leadership and this is related to perceived level of bullying among the students. Eight schools were chosen in this study, the four schools with the lowest amount and the four schools with the highest amount of students that perceived that bullying occurred at their school. At these schools interviews made with the principals where analysed. One specific question where analysed where the principals answered if they had any bullying at their school. The conclusion is that schools that seem to have a high level of bullying have principals that give two types of responses, one that mitigates the problem by responding that the level of bullying is at a “normal” level or just like “any other school”. The second response is a one of denial where the principals responds with a “no problem”-response that indicates that it does not occur bullying at their school. The schools that have a low level of bullying on the other hand have principals that acknowledge that it occurs. Schools that have a high level of bullying have principals that do not acknowledge that. On schools with a low level of bullying the principals perceives the level of bullying as problem and acknowledge its existence.

  • 20.
    Ahlström, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Höög, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Measuring the social and civic objectives of schools2010In: School Leadership: International Perspectives / [ed] Stephan Huber, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2010, p. 19-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Attacken mot hagamannen inte konsekvens av pöbelmentalitet2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Bedrägeriets natur: den ekonomiska brottslighetens ontologiska struktur2007Book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Börsföretag, ekonomiska oegentligheter och negativ publicitet2005In: Fiffel-Sverige - sociologiska perspektiv på skandaler och fusk, Liber , 2005, p. 208-225Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den tornedalska identiteten i Sverige – finns den?2017In: Tornedalens årsbok 2015-2017, ISSN -, p. 12-45Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Economic Crime: Does Personality Matter2003In: International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, ISSN 0306-624X, E-ISSN 1552-6933, ISSN 0306-624X, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 335-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the publication of Edwin Sutherland's classical study, White Collar Crime, personality has been treated as completely irrelevant as a cause or as a correlating variable in studies of economic crime. This article questions that thesis. In an ongoing Swedish project studying economic crime in the areas of construction, engineering, and the music industry, 128 informants were interviewed regarding the personal character of the economic criminal compared to that of the law-abiding businessperson. Data were collected from five different regions in Sweden using the Big Five model, the personality model most often used within the field of personality research today. This article compares the results from the interviews with the few international studies that exist regarding economic crimes in these areas and common results are emphasized. It also presents nuanced analyses of the significance of personality in economic crime.

  • 26.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Finns där ett kön bakom ekonomisk brottslighet?1999In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 53-62Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Integrated criminology and biological related criminology facing white collar crime2015In: Advances in Criminology Research / [ed] Guzman Julia, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2015, 1, p. 41-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last two decades the rise of integrated approaches and biosocial approaches has given criminology a fresh theoretical and empirical approach. However, a full scale integration of these two approaches has not come to a conclusion over the etiological question of what forms the criminal mind. The aim of this article is to give an argument whereby the agenda of white collar crime research can be developed by a synthesis of integrated and biosocial factors. The argument takes its standpoint in one of the recent theories on white collar crime research today, the crime-as-choice theory by Shover, Hochstetler & Alalehto (2012). The theory proposes an integrated model of factors working on different levels. For example, the linkage between lacks of credible oversight on aggregated level, the existence of a crime-facilitative culture on organizational level, and propensities towards aggressiveness, thrill-seeking, resilience, and entitlement on individual level. However, as a typical social scientific theory the crime-as-choice theory lacks a complete etiological argument behind its proposed proximate causality. I elaborate upon the etiological concepts from the fields of evolutionary theory, biosocial criminology and institutional theory to exemplify how the crime-as-choice theory can get an even more coherent structure between ultimate and proximate causes.

  • 28.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ivar Kreuger: An International Swindler of Magnitude2014In: Radical Criminology, ISSN 1929-7904, no 3, p. 47-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses the case of Ivar Kreuger, the founder of Kreuger & Toll Inc. (a Swedish match conglomerate), known as the “Match King”. After his death in 1932, Kreuger was accused of falsifying accounts, forging documents and concealing a misappropriation of funds of a massive scale in the USA and Europe during the 1920s. The aim of this study is to explore the case of Ivar Kreuger and the business world of which he belonged, from a perspective of critical criminology, and mainly a left realist viewpoint. Using an integrative approach by combining data on an institutional, organizational and individual level, the essay will explore the case as a rather typical phenomenon within a capitalistic economy, despite its extreme outcome. It was the combination of a culture which bred monopolistic endeavors in business, together with an autocratic style of leadership and an ego which was intent on conquering, which lead to one of the worst known swindles in the history of white collar crime.

  • 29.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kausalitet inom samhällsvetenskapen. En fallstudie av nazistiska partiframgångar i Tärendö kommun.2018In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article’s purpose is to discuss causality in the social sciences. More specifically, causality as the relationship between the necessary and sufficient conditions in order to derive why A, B, C ... cause Z. Its empirical focus is the1934 Tärendö municipal election within which the Swedish Nazi party received 30.8 percent of the vote as compared to surrounding municipalities where it received less than 4 percent of the vote. Its analytical foci are the necessary and sufficient conditions behind a historical event, as refered to by the so-called INUS model, derived from a number of formal logical rules (above all the rule of contraposition). In Tärendö, in contrast to surrounding communities, a number of socially prominent people (the forester, doctor, priests and farmers) supported the Nazi message and there was no established social-democratic alternative, besides a communist party, and only weakened bourgeois partial alternatives that formed a defense against Nazism.

  • 30.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Reglering som policyfråga: En diskussion om regleringens effekter vid ekonomisk brottslighet2012In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 99, no 3, p. 316-335Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Skattebrottets psykologi - ett evolutions- och spelteoretiskt scenario2007In: Skatteundandragande, penningtvätt och organiserad brottslighet, Stiftelsen för Ekonomisk-historisk och Företagshistorisk Forskning , 2007, p. 38-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Skolan i Båtskärsnäs och Karlsborg2004In: Organisering och disciplinering.: Den industriella miljön vid två sågverk i Norrbotten i början av 1900-talet, Books-on-Demand, Visby , 2004, p. 211-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Suspected Irregularities in Stock-Exchange-Listed Companies: What Are the Effects of Negative Publicity?2007In: Monatsschrift fur Kriminologie und Strafenrechtsreform, ISSN 0026-9301, Vol. 90, no 2/3, p. 191-206Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Teknik och konflikt: LKAB 1946-19871992Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the connection between technological dependence of mankind and its attitudes towards it. The issue is to what extent technological change in the workplace is a generator of conflict or a creator of consensus?

    The subject of the study is the Swedish mining company LKAB during the period 1946-1987. The case study concentrates on the approaches to new technology by the local union leadership and the LKAB company management.

    The analysis is carried out through a classification scheme over job- functions, divided into four functional categories. The classification is ranging from manually inclined work on the end to highly automized work on the other pole. The results show a clear and unquestionable development of mechanization. At the next level of analysis the focus is on approaches and ways of relating mechanization by the two parties took on the question, and how this influenced the relationships between the two parties. The final results show that technological change in general is a creator of consensus. However, at the same time, techno­logical change is an unequeal process because the company commands control over three kinds of power resources; ownership, the legislative right of paragraph 32 and the monopoly of technological expertis. Organized labour can only try to attain technological knowledge and high levels of worker support.

  • 35.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Act of Economic Crime: The Logic of Dirty Business and Normative Restrictions in the Swedish Restaurant Industry2000In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, ISSN 1404-3858, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 156-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do respected businessmen get involved in economic crime? This is the classic question posed by researchers of economic crime. In this article both the economic and normative conditions on how it is to run a business are described, exemplified by data from the Swedish restaurant industry. The data were collected through semistructured interviews from 119 restaurateurs and 12 authority representatives. The data are interpreted with three hypotheses as guidelines: the hypothesis of 'differential association', the hypothesis of 'cross-pressure' and the hypothesis of 'the first generation of immigrants', which was formulated as a consequence of Merton's 'strain theory'.

  • 36.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The logic of agency or the logic of structure in the concept of white collar crime: a review2018In: Crime, law and social change, ISSN 0925-4994, E-ISSN 1573-0751, Vol. 69, no 3, p. 385-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 60s the white collar crime concept is divided in occupational crime versus corporate crime, exposing two different causal primacy: an agency logic and a structural logic. The logic of agency argues that corporate crime concept and the logic of structure is more or less useless for white collar crime research. The logic of structure argues that corporate crime has a validity in its own and describe a dimension of white collar criminality that the logic of agency doesn’t reach. The validity of this two positions is discussed by four crucial issues: The status of juristic persona, explanatory value, mens rea and suffering by punishment. It ends up in a Soritie paradox to which a three valued formal logic by the Stoicists Chrysippus is applied. The conclusion is that the logic of agency has the primacy, and the concept of occupational crime should be the prime concept for white collar crime.

  • 37.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Origin of White Collar Criminality?: Exploring a Gene x Environment Interaction Hypothesis2018In: International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, E-ISSN 1929-4409, E-ISSN EISSN 1929-4409, Vol. 7, p. 196-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this article is the elementary question: why does white collar criminals become white collar criminals? The answer is a hypothetical syllogistic constructed hypothesis for further empirical exploration in the agenda. The hypothesis takes its point of departure in biosocial criminology, especially the gene-environment interplay, focused on white collar criminality. The hypothesis proposes a link between criminal attitudes and criminal behavior based on how biological (e.g. intergenerational heredity, MAO-A), neurological (e.g. executive functioning, cortical thickness) and social-psychological/sociological factors (e.g. peer-group, rationalizations, social stress, loss of class status) correlates to each other as a system of mechanisms.

  • 38.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Psychology Behind Tax Crime: An Evolutionary And Game Theoretical Scenario2012In: Competitiveness: Psychology, Production Impact and Global Trends .Business Issues, Competition and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Alexander M. Beckford, Julianne P. Larsen, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012, p. 47-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores the relation between the willingness of corporate entrepreneurs to pay taxes and the impersonal demand of the tax authority upon corporate owners to fulfil the tax system. The relationship is discussed from a modern evolutionary and game theoretical standpoint including concepts as inclusive fitness, reciprocal altruism, prisoner’s dilemma, tit-for-tat, etc. The application of this theoretical model shows how entrepreneurs are willing to pay unselfish taxes if the taxes are distributed for community expenses such as schools, medical care, etc. and/or if they receive some direct tribute for their corporate activity, such as extra personnel provided by unemployment offices and paid for by the tax system. If entrepreneurs do not trust that the tax system will be used in either of these two forms, they are likely to feel that their resources are being confiscated. They can then logically - from evolutionary and game theoretical standpoints - evade taxes because they view themselves as cheated by an impersonal tax system.

  • 39.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The rate of white collar crime: The hot spot of white collar crime in Sweden during the 2000 decade2012In: Crime rates, types and hot spots / [ed] Alexander D. Morina, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012, p. 145-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The wealthy white-collar criminals: corporations as offenders2010In: Journal of Financial Crime, ISSN 1359-0790, E-ISSN 1758-7239, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 308-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to map out the corporate criminality among the 70 top-ranked corporations in the Swedish business world. It aims to identify properties common for companies that get a decision by a regulatory agency and which kind of properties there are when the regulatory agency goes to a decision.

    Design/methodology/approach – Data on decisions taken against violation (criminal, civil, or administrative) collected from annual reports (1999-2008) presented on the internet by eight regulatory agencies in Sweden. The corporations collected by the internet site “largest companies” and the Swedish business magazine Affärsvärlden (World of Business). The analysis of data were worked out by cross tab, designed as analysis of covariation between one independent variable to one dependent variable, or two or more independent variables (were one or more of them were held invariant to each other) to one dependent variable.

    Findings – Approximately, 60 companies (85.7 per cent) had at least one decision against them during the period 1999-2008, and 28 companies had more than five decisions (court, administrative law, objection or settlement) against them, which means that 40 per cent of the whole sample performed a carrier criminality. Among the variables, low profitability, interior business, and to some degree, management control tend to covary with some or all kinds of decisions given by the regulatory agencies.

    Originality/value – The paper provides the field of white-collar crime an investigation of corporations as offenders from the Swedish horizon. It provides regulatory agencies with a model of the causality behind the decisions against a corporation.

  • 41.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Trafficking in the Northern Countries: Eastern Prostitution from Russia to Sweden and Finland2002In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, ISSN 1404-3858, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 96-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trafficking is a relatively new phenomenon in the research agenda on organized crime. In this article the spread of the phenomenon in Scandinavia is described and discussed. Special attention has been given to Russian-organized prostitution in the Tornio Valley (the borderarea between northern Finland and northern Sweden). The data for the article consist of observations at special 'deposit-sites' in Finland and interviews with the authorities concerned (police, customs, social services, Center for Disease Control (CDC), etc.) in Sweden, and also newspaper articles that have reported on the phenomenon. The methological projection of the article is exploratory in character with the purpose of describing the phenomenon, rather than being able to explain it. The results show that there is an organized trade in women in the Tornio Valley (set rendezvous points, pick-up sites, transport via Russian-registered minivans etc). Despite this the phenomenon cannot be tied conclusively to Russian-organized crime. One conclusion is that further research on this phenomenon should gather information from the Russian authorities and from the prostitutes themselves.

  • 42.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    White Collar Crime: A Propositional Logical Analysis of a Concept2018In: Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Investigation, ISSN 2476-1311, Vol. 9, no 4, article id 555769Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In their book White-Collar Crime – An Opportunity Perspective (2009), Benson and Simpson undertake the task of more precisely denoting the concept of white-collar crime by its nature and how the causal structure of the object is meant to be understood. The aim of this article is to prove the logical consistency (validity and consequence) of Benson and Simpson’s derivation of the concept. The article focuses on the propositional explanation of causation, by applying first-order logic inference rules of sentential and predicate logic based on the rule of contraposition: a → b ↔ ¬b → ¬a. The results show that Benson and Simpsons’ argument is not logical valid, but logical consequent that is something that the agenda can build on.

  • 43.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    White Collar Criminals: the State of Knowledge2015In: The Open Criminology Journal, ISSN 1874-9178, ISSN 1874-9178, Vol. 8, p. 28-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    White collar crime is the least studied and the least understood crime type in comparison to traditional crime types. This review highlights the recent developments in the state of knowledge over the white collar criminals. The review concerns the topics of demography, motivation for offending and career criminality among white collar criminals. It compiles the international results (mainly West-European) so far in the three topics. The review ends with a request on further research that needs to be done in four aspects: what is the main demographic difference between white collar offenders and confirmative non-offenders? How can we explain the difference in the age-crime relationship between street criminals and white collar criminals? Why do we still have the gender divergences by white collar criminals, despite the fact that women increase their participation into the labor market? And why do we know so little about the criminal motivation among white collar criminals?

  • 44.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Azarian, Reza
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    When white collar criminals turn to fatal violence: the impact of narcissism and psychopathy2018In: Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, ISSN 1544-4759, E-ISSN 1544-4767, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 215-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article takes as its point of departure Perri's view, according to whom the impact of personality traits such as psychopathy and narcissism has unduly been omitted in research on white collar criminality. However, this article argues that although such factors have an important role to play in some cases when white collar criminals turn violent in order to prevent the detection of their felonies, they constitute neither the necessary nor the sufficient conditions for white collar criminals to commit murders. This means on the one hand that, although potentially increasing the risk for violence, these traits are not by themselves sufficient as the triggers of violent acts and can function so only under certain social‐contextual circumstances. However, such personality traits are not by themselves necessary, as there can be empirical cases of fraud detection murder committed by white collar criminals lacking them. This position is supported by both a logical analysis of Perri's main arguments and by empirical evidence, consisting of a few real‐life cases of Scandinavian white collar criminals who have “turned red.”

  • 45.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Korsell, Lars
    Larsson, Paul
    Ekonomisk brottslighet: en nordisk reader2014Book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Avslutning2011In: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, p. 206-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, DanielUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den ljusskygga ekonomin: Organiserad och ekonomisk brottslighet2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Försäkringsbedragarens kriminella historik2014Report (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Introduktion2011In: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet / [ed] Tage Alalehto, Daniel Larsson, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, p. 9-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Measuring trust in the police by contextual and individual factors2016In: International Journal of Law Crime and Justice, ISSN 1756-0616, E-ISSN 1876-763X, Vol. 46, p. 31-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigate if procedural justice and police competence affects trust in the police independent on the level of perception of corruption, and whether the impact of procedural justice and police competence varies due to perception of corruption. The data used is European Social Survey round 5 (2010), containing 24 countries. To separate individual effects from aggregate effects we used multilevel analyses. The results show that procedural justice and police efficiency are of importance for trust in the police independent of the perception of corruption. But the results also show that the impact of both procedural justice and police competence varies due to the level of perception of corruption. The conclusion is therefore that the fight against corruption must be prioritized to increase trust in the police.

1234567 1 - 50 of 1652
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf