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  • 1.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Omvårdnadsprogrammet: genomströmning, etableringsgrad och utbildningens relevans2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den offentliga omsorgen om äldre och personer med funktionshinder arbetar i dag personal som tillsammans utgör det största yrkesområdet i Sverige. I rapporten studeras hur intentionerna med att höja utbildningsnivån för äldreomsorgens personal genom att formalisera all kompetens kring en utbildning lyckats. Till grund för analysen ligger enkätdata samt statistik från SCB.

    Undersökningen visar att gymnasieskolans omvårdnadsprogram inte som enda aktör kan utbilda personal i en omfattning som motsvarar de framtida rekryteringsbehoven. Detta trots att omvårdnadsprogrammet har en god genomströmning och trots att en stor andel av eleverna arbetar inom avsedda målgruppsområden efter avslutade studier. Av de som avgick från omvårdnadsprogrammet 2000 och som finns i arbete 2008, arbetade 78 procent i ett målgruppsområde, de flesta som vård- och omsorgspersonal (SSYK 513) följt av sjukstöterskor (SSYK 223 och 323).

    Rapporten visar att utbildningen på omvårdnadsprogrammet har förberett eleverna för kommande arbetsliv på ett bra sätt, ett påstående som både de som arbetade och de som inte arbetade inom vård- och omsorg instämde i. Däremot råder det en stor variation bland de som arbetade inom vård- och omsorgsfältet vad gäller om kunskapen tas tillvara på den nuvarande arbetsplatsen.

  • 2.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Omvårdnadsutbildning som mål eller medel?: Om legitimitetsproblem och kunskapssyn2006In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 13, no 3, 212-227 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Upper secondare health care programme as means or measure?: On the problem of legitimacy and the view of knowledge2008In: Care work in crisis: Reclaiming the Nordic ethos of care, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008, 324-340 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Utbildning och kompetensfrågor för äldre- och handikappomsorgens personal: En forskningsöversikt2008In: Tidskriften Socionomens forskningsöversikt, ISSN 0283-1929, no 6, 70-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Anderson, Bo
    et al.
    Michigan State University, USA.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om sociala näverk och hälsa1989In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, no 5-6, 223-229 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Anderson, Bo
    et al.
    Michigan State University. USA.
    Johansson, Stina
    Institutionen för socialmedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    On collective actions in social networks: Should we expect people to join health support networks?1991In: Forvitring eller fornyelse?: De nordiske velferdsstater mot år 2000 / [ed] Kari Skrede, Oslo: Institutt for anvendt sosialvitenskapelig forskning , 1991, 90-103 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Valfrihet som dilemma2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, 116-131 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bergström, Helén
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Frivilligarbetare: varför då?2007In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2007, 240-262 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Ekerwald, Hedvig
    et al.
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vetenskap som byråkrati eller vetenskap som konst?: Glaser och Strauss: The Discovery of Grounded Theory"1989In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 2, 15-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Evertsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Epilog2004In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 11, no 3-4, 329-332 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Evertsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ett hem till mer än namnet: om hem som källa till oberoende och identitet bland äldre med hemtjänst2008In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 15, no 2, 135-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important aim for Swedish elderly care is to make possible for frail elderly people to remain living in their own homes since home, it is argued, is a vital resource for an independent ageing. Our interviews with elderly with home-based community care show however that the importance that is attributed to home exceeds the notion of home as a resource. Home has a more profound meaning; it is seen as a source of independence and an expression of identity. In the article we argue, that the shift in perspective, from home as a resource to home as source of independence and an expression of identity, carries welfare political implications. The perspective on home as a source of independence surpass the prevailing notion of independence as something that a person achieve outside of home. The emphasis put on home by the elderly, as a source of independence and an expression of identity, points to the need and importance of services that address elderly peoples difficulties uphold their sense of home.

  • 12.
    Evertsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Springet i hemtjänsten2007In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete / [ed] Johansson, Stina, Malmö: Gleerups utbildning , 2007, 176-199 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Evertsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Åldrande och homosexualitet2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, 43-55 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Fagerström, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Dept of Health Sciences, Buskerud University College, Drammen, Norway.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jakobson, Gunborg
    Department of Social Sciences, Åbo Academi University.
    Vartiainen, Pirkko
    Faculty of Philosophy, Social and Health Management, University of Vaasa.
    Sense of security among people aged 65 and 75: external and inner sources of security2011In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 67, no 6, 1305-1316 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim.  This paper is a report of a study exploring possible external and inner sources of the sense of security felt by older people aged 65 and 75.

    Background.  The concept of ‘security’ has been parsimoniously defined and explored, especially as pertains to older people, and previous research has primarily focused on risks in relation to individuals’ declining health and functional ability.

    Methods.  In 2005, population-based cross-sectional surveys were carried out in 15 municipalities in Västerbotten, Sweden and 18 municipalities in Ostrobothnia, Finland. A 15-page questionnaire (84 questions) was distributed, with the final total response rate reaching 68·4% (n = 3370): 1825 Swedish-speaking Swedes, 926 Swedish-speaking Finns and 621 Finnish-speaking Finns. The statistical analysis was three-stage, including nominal stepwise regressions.

    Results.  Older people who indicate that they are ‘very secure’ are more likely to consider life meaningful and are able to master various life crises. Moreover, they possess confidence in economic institutions and are more likely to feel economically secure. Weak trust in family and friends or neighbours and decreased functional ability seem to indicate a subjective feeling of ‘insecurity’.

    Conclusion. Caregivers in health care should focus more on supporting older persons’ meaningfulness in life and how their feelings of security can be strengthened by trusting relationships and activities. In nursing, there should be more focus on developing knowledge of inner health resources, including positive life orientation and meaningfulness in life.

  • 15.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Academic strengt and boundary work: Contextualising elderly care2008In: Care work in crisis: Reclaiming the Nordic ethis of care, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008, 283-302 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Johansson, Stina
    Institutionen för socialmedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    Aspekter på gränslinjen mellan avlänat och oavlönat omsorgsarbete1995In: Forskning om kvinnliga yrken inom vård och omsorg: (del 2) / [ed] Lars Holmstrand, Uppsala: Forum för forkning om arbetsliv och arbetsmarknad, Uppsala universitet , 1995, 45-72 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Att följa strömmen eller öppna eget?2005In: Social omsorg, no 5-6, 4-7 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Avlönat och oavlönat vårdarbete i hemmet: Kvinnostrategier och politiska målsättningar1991In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, no 7-8, 344-354 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Johansson, Stina
    Institutionen för socialmedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    Avlönat omsorgsarbete i hemmet1992In: Forskning om kvinnliga yrken inom vård och omsorg / [ed] Agneta Emanuelsson & Lars Holmstrand, Uppsala: Forum för forkning om arbetsliv och arbetsmarknad, Uppsala universitet , 1992, 25-42 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University.
    Bookreview: Hemhjälp i Norden2004In: Socialvetenskaplig Tidskrift, no 3-4, 341-343 p.Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Can modernization generate productive aging?: Some Swedish experiences2011In: Productive Engagement in Later Life: Global Perspectives / [ed] Gao Jianguo, Nancy Morrow-Howell & Ada C.Mui,, Beijing: China Society Press , 2011, 107-122 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter deals with the question how old pensions and care work for old people have been discussed earlier and at presnt in Sweden. The chapeter starts with a brief overview if the Swedish welfare model, focussed on two distinct periods: the 1950s - 1960s with a rapid econmic growth and the present period of economic decline. After a long expansion period of a tax - financed public sector under the name of "productive welfare strategy", calculations indicated a state economy in imbalance. Resources did not increase at the same pace as the numbers of elderly. An organizationnal reconstruction of the public sector started with market solutions, encouragement of an increase in voluntary work and family based care. A new pensions system was introduced in the 1990s, and higher expectations of quality at a lower cost turned questions of staff teaining and qualifications to highly strategical themes. A new anti-discrimination Act came into force in 2009. The chapter is finalized by a presentation of some of the research performed within the research profile Care Work and Social Gerontology at the Department of Social Work at Umea University. Issues like social capital and care work, old womens life stories, family obligations in transition, attitudes to old people including ageism as well as training for care workers are issues researched within the team. (The chapter is written in Chinese)

  • 22.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den sociala omsorgens akademisering2002Book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Engaging elders in community and society2013In: The SAGE handbook of aging, work and society / [ed] John Field, Ron Burke and Cary Cooper, London: Sage Publications, 2013, 1, 363-378 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Expectations for older people’s active participation, both in society and in their private lives, have increased in comparison with previous attitudes, which considered them as more dependent. The elderly today are expected to take responsibility for their own health and well-being. In this chapter, contradictory perspectives related to older people and their engagement in the community will be addressed.

    Material from a NETWORK-study has been re-interpreted in order to clarify how attitudes and norms have changed since the original material was collected in the early 1990s. Further material from a survey of people aged 65 and 75 years was collected 15 years later in the Ostrobothnia Region, and the county of Västerbotten, the GERDA-study. A third set of material was collected in an Australian-Swedish project called the SOCIAL CAPITAL-study with the aim of comparing the social capital generated through volunteering in the two countries. All three materials focus on rural areas, allowing for a comparison to the predominant urban research.

    In this chapter, these projects which all were included in a campaign called ‘All Sweden shall live’ will be analyzed. A demographic perspective will bring a special dimension to the understanding. From other studies from small communities where public care is either absent or insufficient, we know that a reciprocal exchange between friends or extended families is developed. Social movements and special interest organisations have acted as a driving force in the fight for equal treatment and political equality, sometimes contradictory to the Scandinavian welfare model of extended public services. The analysis opens for interesting new insights, including a finding related to unexpected gender roles. The interpretation is that under such circumstances gender is re-negotiated.

    In the chapter formal and informal activities are analysed in relation to health as well as in relation to motives for engagement. The chapter ends with a discussion about the “ageing friendly community”.

     

  • 24.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Focus on knowledge formation and care work organisation2008In: Care work in crisis: Reclaiming the Nordic ethos of care, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008, 275-282 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Johansson, Stina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Forskare - behandlare - patient: en studie i praktisk forskningsetik1986Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gendered physiotherapy in transition -: the Swedish case1999In: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 1, 27-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Johansson, Stina
    Institutionen för socialmedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    Hemmet som arena för vardagsliv, vård och forskning1994In: Samhällsvetenskap och vardagserfarenhet: Teori, praktik, etik / [ed] Bengt-Erik Eriksson & Elisabet Näsman, Stockholm: Liber Utbildning , 1994, 171-191 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Johansson, Stina
    CMTO, Linköpings universitet.
    Hälsoprofessioner i välfärdsstatens omvandling:  1997In: Om makt och kön: i spåren av offentliga organisationers omvandling / [ed] Elisabeth Sundin, Stockholm: Fritzes , 1997, 69-102 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hänsynstagandets paradoxer: Om äldre, närstående och biståndshandläggare vid flytt till särskilt boende2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 2, 232-237 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Inledning2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, 9-25 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Johansson, Stina
    Institutionen för socialmedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    Introduktion1995In: Sjukhus och hem som arbetsplats: Omsorgsyrken i Norge, Sverige och Finland / [ed] Stina Johansson, Stockholm/Oslo: Bonnier Utbiildning & Universitetsforlaget , 1995, 9-43 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Introduktion till temanummer om social omsorg2004In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 3-4, 217-222 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kunskapsanvändning i äldreomsorgen2013In: Kunskap i socialt arbete: Om villkor, processer och användning / [ed] Björn Blom, Stefan Moren, Lennart Nygren, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013, 2, 208-221 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Johansson, Stina
    CMTO, Linköpings universitet.
    Kvinnan som norm: Om omsorg och jämställdhet1999In: Omsorgens forvitring?: Antologi om utfordringer i velferdsstaten / [ed] Karen Christensen & Liv Johanne Syltevik, Bergen: Fagboksforlaget , 1999, 97-114 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35. Johansson, Stina
    Makrostruktur och moral: Några forskningsetiska inlägg om forskningens roll i sjuksköterskeyrket1991In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, ISSN 0107-4083, Vol. 11, no 2, 21-26 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Mellan förslag och beslut2005In: Social omsorg, no 2, 4-5 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om omsorg och jämställdhet i äldreomsorgen2002In: Socialgerontologi / [ed] Lars Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2002, 289-309 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Johansson, Stina
    Institutionen för socialmedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    Ommöblering i folkhemmet: Nytt vin i gamla läglar1994In: När gränserna flyter: En nordisk antologi om vård och omsorg / [ed] Leila Simonen, Jyväskylä: Stakes , 1994, 11-30 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Omsorg och mångfald2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Johansson, Stina
    Institutionen för socialmedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    Sjukhus och hem som arbetsplats: Omsorgsyrken i Norge, Sverige och FInland1995Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social care in ageing Sweden: learning from life stories of care recipients2015In: Population aging from a lifecourse perspective: critical and international approaches / [ed] Kathrin Komp and Stina Johansson, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, 1, 183-202 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ageing populations comprise of many frail individuals who need care and support. In some cases, this need exceeds the help that families can provide. When this happens, social care services come into play. However, the help and support that older people need is not uniform. The challenges that older people face differ, and so do the support strategies that older people prefer. Consequently, social care providers need a deeper understanding of life-courses if they want to design care services that suit the older individuals’ needs and that can easily be understood and accepted by the older individuals. This chapter explains how social care providers can learn from the life-courses of the care-recipients, using older migrants in Sweden as an example.

  • 42.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Social omsorg i socialt arbete2007Book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Social omsorg i socialt arbete - en introduktion2007In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete, Gleerups, Malmö , 2007, 17- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Social omsorg, jämställdhet och kompetens2006In: Tid för omsorg?, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2006, 81-106 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social omsorg till socialt arbete: de senaste tio årens historia2010In: Att vara socionom: från utbildad till erfaren / [ed] Sandström Gunbritt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1:1, 47-58 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Universiteten i Stockholm och Umeå har båda varit pionjärer i en förändringsprocess som skulle komma att omfatta samtliga sociala utbildningar i Sverige. Denna utveckling har varit föremål för många diskussioner om gränsdragningar och konfrontationer har förekommit där många starka viljor mötts. I detta kapitel ska jag beskriva hur de sociala utbildningarna slagits samman, hur perspektiven integrerats och förändrats under de två decennierna runt sekelskiftet 2000

  • 46.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Utvärdering av äldreomsorg: examplet Öppna jämförelser2011In: Utvärdering i socialt arbete: Utgångspunkter, modeller och användning / [ed] Björn Blom, Stefan Morén, Lennart Nygren, Stockholm: Natur & Kultur , 2011, 218-233 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Äldreomsorgen är den sektor inom socialtjänsten som kostar mest, sammanlagt 2,6 procent av BNP. I Umeå kommun kostar äldreomsorgen lika mycket som omsorg om funktionshindrade och individ- och familjeomsorg tillsammans.  Detta gör den speciellt viktig att utvärdera.

    Sveriges kommuner och landsting (SKL) gör regelbundet utvärdering av olika kommunala verksamheters kvalitet och effektivitet. Öppna jämförelser görs på ett antal indikatorer. Data insamlas årligen och teknikerna utvecklas allteftersom man ser behovet av förbättringar. Arbetet bedrivs under vinjetten Öppna jämförelser.

    Vad är speciellt med äldreomsorg?

    Jämfört med annat socialt arbete vänder sig äldreomsorgen till en grupp ”vanliga människor” i helt ”vanliga situationer”. De personer som får äldreomsorg ska oftast inte förändra sin vardag men väl behålla en så god livskvalitet som möjligt givet omständigheterna. Utan att närmare gå in på den analys av relationen mellan servicekvalitet och livskvalitet som Osborne (1992) gör, kan man säga att i äldreomsorgen står dessa två begrepp varandra väldigt nära. Livskvaliteten beror till stor del i det bemötande man får. Servicekvaliteten beror sålunda till stor del på bemötandet. Personligt bemötande och kvalitet är således oskiljbara, även om det också finns andra indikatorer på kvalitet.

    Vägledning för sådana resonemang kan man hämta från flera ledande omsorgsteoretiker (Noddings 1984, Fisher & Tronto 1990, etc…) som samtliga betonar det personliga mötet, ömsesidigheten och frivilligheten. Den senare är en demokratisk aspekt att man både som mottagare och omsorgsgivare går in i en relation helt frivilligt. På senare år har också dessa, från att ha diskuterat omsorg enbart som en personlig relation, börjat erkänna att omsorg också ges av organisationer, och att det betyder något för relationen: ” Let us move the analysis from an individual to a social level. Valuable though care is, one way to understand a group's social power is in seeing whether it is able to force some other people to carry out its caregiving work. The distribution of care work thus reflects power” (Tronto 2002).

    Syfte

    Syftet med kapitlet är att jämföra de kriterier som SKL:s öppna jämförelser bygger på med omsorgsteorins utgångspunkter och diskutera på vilka punkter de harmoniserar och stöder varandra, respektive på vilka punkter de går isär.  

    Genomförande

    Kapitlet bygger på en genomgång av den senaste rapporten om svensk äldreomsorg från SKL:s öppna jämförelser. I analysen förs en teoretisk diskussion om SKL:s instrument för öppna jämförelser. I vilken mån kan Osbornes (ibid.) resonemang tillämpas på dessa undersökningar. I vilken mån kan omsorgsteorier användas för att tydliggöra och/eller utveckla Osbornes resonemang?

    Resultat

    Öppna jämförelser tar fasta på äldreomsorgens yttre villkor, en tanke som inte helt kolliderar med modern omsorgsteori. Det viktigaste måttet på kvalitet, det som uppnås genom det personliga mötet, jämförs inte. Öppna jämförelser bygger på en önskan att standardisera och det finns risk för en frikoppling av det allmänna bästa från det unika.

  • 47.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vårdens moment 22: Hierarkier, karriärvägar och genus2000In: Utveckla eller avveckla?: Magra organisationer i arbetslivet / [ed] Lennart Lennerlöf, Stockholm: Rådet för arbetslivsforskning , 2000, 189-205 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Women´s paradise lost?: Social services and care in the quasi-markets in Sweden2000In: Gender and citizenship in transition / [ed] Barbara Hobson, London: McMillan Press , 2000, 245-263 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Johansson, Stina
    CMTO, Linköpings universitet.
    Women's paradise lost?: Social services and care in the quasi-markets in Sweden1997In: Crossing Borders: Gender and Citizenship in Transition / [ed] Barbara Hobson & Anne Marie Berggren, Stockholm: Forskningsrådsnämnden , 1997, 283-304 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Work with elderly people: a case study of Sweden, Spain and England with additional material from Hungary2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is part of the second stage of a research study Care Work in Europe: Current Understandings and Future Directions. It is one of three cross-national studies of particular forms of care work and focuses on residential and domiciliary services for elderly people: the other two are concerned with centre-based services for children under 6 and services for adults with severe disabilities. The main aim is to provide in-depth studies of understandings of care work in theory and practice – although it is also recognised that the term ‘care work’ is problematic and contentious. This study compares three countries: Sweden, England and Spain (in particular, Catalonia). The study is based on interviews with practitioners (in the public and private sectors, in home care and residential care and in tow contrasting types of area), local and national (or regional) policy makers and trainers. The main findings are also presented from a parallel study undertaken in Hungary.

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