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  • 1. Andersson, C.
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Beskrivning och symbolisk tolkning av de enskilda leksakerna i Ericamaterialet1986In: Att bygga sin värld: Handbok i Ericametoden / [ed] Allis Danielsson, Stockholm: Psykologiförlaget , 1986, 201-223 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2. Andersson, C.
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ericametoden - En lekdiagnostisk metod: Bearbetning av material, protokoll och utvärderingsblankett, 1:a upplagan1982Report (Other academic)
  • 3. Andersson, C
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Symboler och lek1986In: Att bygga sin värld: handbok i Ericametoden, Stockholm: Psykologiförlaget , 1986, 224-228 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4. Broström, Kristina
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Familjerådgivning samtidigt med individualterapi: Vad innebär det utifrån krisperspektiv?2001In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 42, no 4, 311-323 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5. Broström, Kristina
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Om symboliseringsförmåga och dialog i psykoterapihandledning: Tillämpning och bedömning av psykologstuderandes lämplighet på psykoterapimomentet (steg 1)1990In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, no 3, 211-223 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Carelli, Grazia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Development and Construct Validation of the Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI).2011In: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, E-ISSN 2151-2426, Vol. 27, no 4, 220-227 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we developed and evaluated a Swedish version of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI;Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999). The original version of the ZTPI was extended by including a Future Negative scale, and the psychometric properties of both versions were examined in a sample of 419 adults aged between 18 and 80 years. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) provided support both for the original five-factor solution proposed byZimbardo and Boyd (1999) in a Swedish sample and for a six-factor solution with the Future Negative scale as an independent factor. These findings extend the original ZTPI and suggest that negative feelings about the future constitute a central dimension of the temporal perspective. The Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI) provides a reliable and valid instrument for measuring time perspective in the context of Swedish research and to be beneficial in its application in multiple areas of psychology and related disciplines.

  • 7.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Time out of mind: temporal perspective in adults with ADHD2012In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, Vol. 16, no 6, 460-466 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: ADHD is often associated with difficulties in planning and time management. In this study, the authors examined the hypothesis that these functional problems in ADHD reflect systematic biases in temporal orientation.

    Method: To test this hypothesis, adults with ADHD (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 60) completed the Swedish version of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI).

    Results: Although a majority of the ADHD participants were tested under stimulant medication, they showed significant differences in all the six subscales of the S-ZTPI. Logistic regression analysis, with age, education, depression, and response inhibition as covariates, showed that the Future Positive Scale was the primary predictor of ADHD status.

    Conclusion: These findings suggest that ADHD is associated with systematic biases in habitual time orientation and that these differences may contribute to functional problems in ADHD.

  • 8.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Broadening the TP Profile: Future Negative Time Perspective2015In: Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application: Essays in Honor of Philip G. Zimbardo / [ed] Stolarski, Maciej, Fieulaine, Nicolas, van Beek, Wessel, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2015, 1, 87-97 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of the future as an arena for planning, self-regulation and achievement has been of considerable interest in past research. The majority of this research suggests that future-oriented thinking has considerable benefits for psychological adjustment and wellbeing. The future is nevertheless not only a temporal space for goal-setting and positive expectations, it may also be associated with fear, uncertainty and anxiety, which may ultimately have detrimental effects on both mental and physical health. Here we present the outline for the Swedish ZTPI (S-ZTPI) which extends the original ZTPI by separating the Future dimension into two sub-factors: The Future Positive scale and the Future Negative scale. We argue that separating the future into two separate dimensions thus comprehending both a positive and a negative valence of the future, adds important information regarding association between future time perspective and subjective well-being.

  • 9.
    De Chateau, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Long-term effect on mother-infant behaviour of extra contact during the first hour post partum: I. First observations at 36 hours1977In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 66, no 2, 137-143 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The immediate post partum period may be particularly important for the developing relationship between mother and infant; little is as yet known, however, of the long-term effects of hospital practice during this period. This study examines the effect of extra contact during the first hour following delivery. An extra skin to skin contact and suckling contact was given to 22 primiparous mothers and their infants. One control group of 20 primiparous mothers and infants and a second one of 20 multiparous mothers and infants was given routine care immediately after birth. All mothers and infants were healthy with normal pregnancies and deliveries. At 36 hours a first observation was made of maternal and infant behaviour during breast feeding in all three groups. At this stage primiparae with extra contact showed behaviour much more like the behaviour of multiparae with routine care. Infants of primiparae with routine care cried most frequently. The behaviour of mothers of boys differed more from group to group than did that of mothers of girls.

  • 10.
    de Chateau, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Long-term effect on mother-infant behaviour of extra contact during the first hour post partum: II. A follw-up at three months1977In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 66, no 2, 145-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Primiparous mothers and their infants who had an extra 15–20 minutes' suckling and skin to skin contact during the first hour after delivery, behaved differently at 36 hours post partum compared with a control group without this extra contact. The present study is a 3-month follow-up of these mothers and infants by means of direct observation of mother-infant free play and a personal interview with the mothers. Mothers in the extra contact group spent more time kissing and looking en face at their infants; these infants smiled more often and cried less frequently. A greater proportion of the mothers with extra contact were still breast feeding at 3 months. The influence of extra contact on behaviour was more pronounced in boy–mother than in girl–mother pairs.

  • 11.
    de Chateau, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Long-term effect on mother-infant behaviour of extra contact during the first hour post partum: III. Follw-up at one year1984In: Scandinavian journal of social medicine, ISSN 1403-4948 Print; 1651-1905 Online, Vol. 12, no 2, 91-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present prospective study examined, one year after delivery, the possible effects of early extra contact during the first hour following delivery. An extra skin-to-skin contact and suckling contact was allowed 22 primiparous mothers and their infants (P+ group). One control group of 20 primiparous mothers and their infants were given routine care immediately after birth (P group). During observation of a physical examination of the infant, ‘extra contact mothers’ held and touched their infants more frequently and more often talked positively to their infants than did mothers given routine care. ‘Extra contact mothers’ had returned to their professional employment outside the home to a lesser extent than had routine care mothers. A greater proportion of ‘extra contact’ infants slept in a room of their own. In the P+ group, mothers who had returned to gainful employment were also able to have their babies sleep in a room of their own—no such correspondence was found in the P group. The Gesell Developmental Schedules revealed that, in four parts out of five, infants with extra contact immediately after birth, were ahead of those in the control group. On the other hand, the Vineland Social Maturity Scale and the Cesarec Marke Personality Scheme did not reveal any major differences between the two groups. Mothers with early extra skin-to-skin contact and suckling contact breast-fed their infants on an average for 2 1/2 months longer than did routine care mothers. No other differences in feeding habits were found. The influence of extra contact was more pronounced in boy–mother than in girl–mother pairs.

  • 12. de Chateau, Peter
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Three-year follow-up of early postpartum contact1984In: Frontiers of Infant Psychiatry, Vol. II / [ed] J.D. Call, E. Galenson, & R.L. Tyson, New York: Basic Books, Inc., Publishers , 1984, 313-322 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Egberg Thyme, Karin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Sundin, Eva C
    Division of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG1 4BU, England.
    Ståhlberg, Gustaf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences.
    Lindström, Birgit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences.
    Eklöf, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Educational Measurement.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The outcome of short-term psychodynamic art therapy compared to short-term psychodynamic verbal therapy for depressed women2007In: Psychanalytic Psychotherapy, ISSN 0266-8734, Vol. 21, no 3, 250-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to compare the outcome from two types of short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy. The participants were thirty-nine women with depression. Half of the participants (n = 18) received art psychotherapy and the other half received verbal psychotherapy (n = 21). Data was collected before and after psychotherapy, and at a 3-month follow-up using self-rating scales and interviewer-based ratings. Results showed that art and verbal psychotherapies were comparable, and at follow-up, the average participant in both groups had few depressive symptoms and stress-related symptoms. The conclusion was that short-term psychodynamic art therapy could be a valuable treatment for depressed women.

  • 14.
    Egberg Thyme, Karin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Sundin, Eva C.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Division of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottinham, United Kingdom.
    Öster, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindh, Jack
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Individual brief art therapy can be helpful for women with breast cancer: A randomized controlled clinical study2009In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 7, no 1, 87-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Recent research shows that almost every second woman with breast cancer is depressed or has anxiety; the risk for younger women is even higher. Moreover, research shows that women are at risk for developing depression, also a threat for women with breast cancer. The aim of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to study the outcome of five sessions of art therapy given at a 5-week period of postoperative radiotherapy.

    Methods: The participants were between 37 and 69 years old; six participants in each group were below 50 years of age. Half of the participants (n = 20) received art therapy and the other half (n = 21) were assigned to a control group. At the first measurement, at least 17% (n = 7) of the participants medicated with antidepressants. Data were collected before and after art therapy and at a 4-month follow-up using self-rating scales that measure self-image (the Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour) and psychiatric symptoms (the Symptom Check List–90).

    Results: At follow-up, significant lower ratings of depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms and less general symptoms were reported for the art therapy group compared to the control group. The regression analysis showed that art therapy relates to lower ratings of depression, anxiety, and general symptoms; chemotherapeutic treatment predicts lower depressive symptoms; in contrast to axilliary surgery and hormonal treatment as well as being a parent predicts higher ratings of anxiety and general symptoms.

    Significance of results: The conclusion suggests that art therapy has a long-term effect on the crisis following the breast cancer and its consequences.

  • 15.
    Egberg Thyme, Karin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Sundin, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindström, Birgit
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Larsson, Nils
    Sjöberg, Inga
    Wikman, Marianne
    Förändringar av vestibulitsmärtor, psykiskt mående och välbefinnande samt upplevelser av själv och andra: en systematisk pilotstudie av sex unga kvinnor med vulva vestibulit som genomgått tidsbegränsad bildpsykoterapi2007In: Matrix, ISSN 0109-646x, Vol. 24, no 1, 49-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Egberg Thyme, Karin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundin, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The entangled butterfly and the blue cactus: two case studies on time-limited psychodynamic art psychotherapyManuscript (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of these two case studies is an in-depth analysis of the practice of scribbling in time- limited psychodynamic art psychotherapy. Our hypothesis is that the answers to "What do you see?" change as therapy proceeds, due to changes in emotions and cognitions expressed in scribbles and amplifications. The treatment is one hour per week for ten weeks, exempli- fied by two women with depression selected for differences in age, demographics and art expression. Analysis of the pictures and words is in two steps. The pictures were first tran- scribed into words using a phenomenological approach and then analysed according to con- tent analysis. Correspondingly, the words of the sessions were first transcribed verbatim and then analysed according to content analysis. The results show that the even if the two women have the same diagnosis at inclusion according to DSM IV, the symptoms of depression are expressed differently both in how they are manifested and in latent messages in the content analysis. The two women’s therapies can be divided into three phases each marked by turning points in the pictures – hence the pictures rather than the words set the theme for the phase. On leaving therapy the patients are able to use their drawings, their amplifications are in a complete form, they symbolise in words what they have expressed in pictures.

    The study’s conclusion is that the practice of scribbling seems to give a better capacity to regulate affects and, hence, a better regulation of the self. The women used not only their intellects but also their bodies in making latent communications manifest; their self-esteem improved as therapy proceeded, and they regained a sensitivity of "me – not me", i.e. better boundaries. The clinical implications are that the time-limited model of art psychotherapy is well suited to process emotions connected with depression, and that the patient’s problem should determine the length of the time limit.

     

  • 17. Floberg, Kerstin
    et al.
    Hägg-Hellborg, Else-Maj
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Parallella kurser i barnpsykodiagnostik och föräldradiagnostik inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin i Dalarna2000In: Mellanrummet: Tidsskrift om barn- og ungdomspsykoterapi, ISSN 1404-5559, no 3, 94-100 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18. Gezelius, Christina
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gyllene ögonblick: Om "alternerande medvetandetillstånd" i psykoterapi, tidig mor-barnrelation och kreativitet2000In: Insikten, ISSN 1400-0936, Vol. 9, no 3, 14-22 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19. Hägg-Hellborg, Else-Maj
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fördjupad föräldrakunskap: bedömning och fördjupad förståelse av föräldra-barn-relationens utveckling och mognad: om teorier, metoder och modeller2014Book (Other academic)
  • 20. Jansson, Peter
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Villemoes, Palle
    Minnesanteckningar som symptom på patientens utveckling i jagstrukturerande psykoterapi1995In: Insikten, Vol. 4, no 4, 47-52 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21. Jansson, Peter
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Villemoes, Palle
    Terapeuten och texten: Minnesanteckningar i psykoterapin1996In: Insikten, Vol. 5, no 3, 47-53 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Sandström, Marianne
    et al.
    Private Practice, Umeå Utveckling AB, Sweden.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wikman, Marianne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Willman, Anna-Klara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Högberg, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    A pilot study of eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing treatment (EMDR) for post-traumatic stress after childbirth2008In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 24, no 1, 62-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: to explore the possibility of using eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) to treat women who have experienced post-traumatic stress after childbirth.

    Design: the pilot study consisted of a ‘before and after’ treatment design combined with follow-up measurements 1–3 years after EMDR treatment. Quantitative data from questionnaires (Traumatic Event Scale [TES]) were collected. In addition, qualitative data from individual interviews with the participants were collected as well as data from the psychotherapist's treatment notes of the EMDR treatment sessions.

    Setting: the north of Sweden.

    Participants: four women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth (one pregnant and three non-pregnant).

    Findings: all participants reported reduction of post-traumatic stress after treatment. After 1–3 years, the beneficial effects of EMDR treatment remained for three of the four women. Symptoms of intrusive thoughts and avoidance seemed most sensitive for treatment.

    Implications for practice: EMDR might be a useful tool in the treatment of non-pregnant women severely traumatised by childbirth; however, further research is required.

  • 23. Sircova, Anna
    et al.
    van de Vijver, F.J.R
    Osin, E
    Milfont, T.L.
    Fieulaine, N
    Kislali-Erginbilgic, A
    Zimbardo, G
    Djarallah, S
    Seghir Chorfi, M
    do Rego Leite, U
    Lin, H
    Lv, H
    Bunjevac, T
    Tomas, T
    Punek, J
    Vrlec, A
    Matic, J
    Bokulic, M
    Klicperová-Baker, M
    Kost ál, J
    Seema, R
    Baltin, A
    Aposttolidis, T
    Pediaditakis, D
    Griva, F
    Anagnostopoulos, F
    Carmi, N
    Goroshit, M
    Peri, M
    Shimojima, Y
    Sato, K
    Ochi, K
    Kairvs, A
    Liniauskaite, A
    Corral-Verdugo, V
    Przepiorka, A
    Blachnio, A
    Ortuno, V.E.C
    Gamboa, V
    Mitina, O
    Semyenova, N
    Gerasimova, V
    Rawski (Nepryakho), T
    Kuleshova, E
    Polskaya, N
    Tulinov, N
    Romanko, I
    Semina, Y
    Nikitina, E
    Yasnaya, V
    Davydova, I
    Utyasheva, E
    Emeliyanova, I
    Ershova, R
    Nedeljkovic, J
    Díaz Morales, J.F.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Boniwell, I
    Linley, P.A
    Boyd, J.N
    A global look at time: a 24-country study of the equivalence of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory2014In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, no 4, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we assess the structural equivalence of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) across 26 samples from 24 countries (N = 12,200). The ZTPI is proven to be a valid and reliable index of individual differences in time perspective across five temporal categories: Past Negative, Past Positive, Present Fatalistic, Present Hedonistic, and Future. We obtained evidence for invariance of 36 items (out of 56) and also the five-factor structure of ZTPI across 23 countries. The short ZTPI scales are reliable for country-level analysis, whereas we recommend the use of the full scales for individual-level analysis. The short version of ZTPI will further promote integration of research in the time perspective domain in relation to many different psycho-social processes.

  • 24. Sircova, Anna
    et al.
    van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
    Osin, Evgeny
    Milfont, Taciano L.
    Fieulaine, Nicolas
    Kislali-Erginbilgic, Altinay
    Zimbardo, Philip G
    Carelli, M.G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Time perspectives profiles of cultures2015In: Time perspective theory; review, research and application : essays in Honor of Philip G. Zimbardo / [ed] Maciej Stolarski, Nicolas Fieulaine, Wessel van Beek, Cham, Switzeland:: Springer , 2015, 169-187 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter summarises some results of the International Time Perspective Research Project, which is a collaborative cross-cultural study of time perspective carried out in 24 countries. The highlights of structural equivalence assessment study are presented, showing the cross-cultural invariance of 36 items of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) scale. The associations between country-level ZTPI scores and other culture-level indicators, including the Human Development Index and Hofstede cultural dimensions, are presented and discussed. Using hierarchical cluster analysis, five distinct profiles of time perspective were found (future-oriented, present-oriented, balanced, moderately fatalistic, and negative), and significant differences in the prevalence of these profiles across cultures were found. Implications and perspectives for future research are discussed.

  • 25.
    Stolarski, Maciej
    et al.
    University of Warsawa.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Osin, Evgeny
    National Research University.
    Assessing Temporal Harmony: The Issue of a balanced Time Perspective2015In: Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application: Essays in Honor of Philip G. Zimbardo / [ed] Stolarski, M., Fieualaine, N., van Beek, W., Springer-Verlag New York, 2015, 57-71 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides a detailed analysis of one of the central concepts of Zimbardo and Boyd’s time perspective theory: the balanced time perspective. Since their earliest works in the area, the issue of temporal harmony attracted attention of researchers and practitioners alike, especially within the field of positive psychology. Here, we provide a deepened consideration of the nature of balanced time perspective, its origins, and consequences. Moreover, we review the existing empirical operationalizations of temporal harmony, both those derived from the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory and those created independently from it. We analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each method and reflect on future directions in research on the balanced time perspective issue.

  • 26. Sundin, Eva
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykologmottagningens intervju- och bedömningsmanualer2002Report (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Sundin, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Utvärdering av den pedagogiska verksamheten vid Psykologmottagningen vid Institutionen för psykologi, Umeå universitet2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under tidsperioden vt 2000 - vt 2001 prövades psykoterapihandledning via videokonferens på Kurs IX, moment 4: ”Tillämpning/psykoterapi - klientarbete och klientrapport” vid Psykologprogrammet, Umeå universitet. Syftet med denna utvärdering var att undersöka om denna typ av handledning har samma pedagogiska värde som handledning förmedlad av handledare som befinner sig i samma rum som sina handledda. Under den aktuella tidsperioden förekom fyra olika handledningstyper: psykodynamisk, kognitiv beteendeterapi, traditionell kognitiv och kognitiv handledning med videokonferens. 35 psykologstudenter som påbörjade momentet klientarbete vt 2000 fyllde i en enkät som handlade om egen professionell utveckling respektive hur handledningen fungerade vid två tillfällen. Handledarna (n=7)ombads besvara samma enkätfrågor vid två tillfällen utifrån deras syn på studentens professionella utveckling samt hur handledningen hade fungerat. Resultaten visade att de studenter som fått handledning via videokonferens inte skilde sig märkbart på någon punkt från de studenter som fått traditionell handledning. Majoriteten av psykologstudenterna, oberoende av typ av handledning, upplevde att de hade utvecklats professionellt, att de hade lärt sig att arbeta i psykoterapeutiska samtal och i grupphandledning. Deras handledare gjorde likartade bedömningar. Denna utvärderingsstudie anger attdet är möjligt att arbeta med videokonferenshandledning varvat med handledning som ges i rummet inom Psykologprogrammet.

  • 28.
    Sundin, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Utvärdering av handledning inom ramen för PUPPA-projektet2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna utvärderingsstudie undersökte värdet av handledning för vårdpersonal inom primärvård, tandvård och sjukhusvård i Västerbottens läns landsting. Handledningen tillskapades inom ramen för PUPPA-projektet(Projektgruppen för Utveckling av ett Praktiskt Psykosomatiskt Arbetssätt), utifrån vårdpersonalens önskemål att få tillfälle att utveckla bättre verktyg i bemötande och behandling av patienter som har psykosomatiska besvär. För att undersöka utfallet av denna handledningsinsats genomfördes en utvärdering, vars huvudsyfte var att undersöka om handledningsinsatsen har påverkat personalens upplevelse av professionell effektivitet och kompetens i arbetet med patienter som har psykosomatiska besvär. Ett annat syfte var att undersöka graden av utbrändhet samt personalens känsla av sammanhang. I denna studie deltog 38 personer från åtta handledningsgrupper. Före och efter handledningens genomförande fyllde samtliga deltagare i självskattningsformulär och nio av dessa deltagare medverkade också vid djupintervjuer. Efter det att handledningen avslutats, fyllde en majoritet av deltagarna (n =32) i en mindre enkät med frågor om bl.a. deltagarnas uppfattning om handledningen. Resultaten visade att deltagarnas upplevelse av att vara kompetenta i sitt arbete (Professionell effektivitet [PE]) stärktes signifikant under handledningsperioden. Den genomsnittliga gruppdeltagaren hade en stabil Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), som var helt i nivå med andra studier. Resultaten av mätningarna av utbrändhet var likaså i linje med tidigare studier; graden av utmattning och trötthet förändrades inte efter den korta handledningsperioden (cirka 1 år). Två delskalor i Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) indikerade att den genomsnittliga deltagaren var sliten och utmattad inför handledningen, detta resultat var oförändrat efter avslutad handledning. I kontrast så visade The Burnout Measure (TEDIUM) inte på någon påtaglig leda, varken före eller efter handledningen. Resultaten antyder att vårdpersonalens utmattning och slitenhet inte i första hand är relaterad till patientarbetet. Det generella intryck som deltagarna förmedlade i den enkät som besvarades efter handledningen var att handledningen upplevdes mycket värdefull, något som bekräftades i analysen av de individuella intervjuerna. Från enkät och intervjuer framkom också att landstingets organisationsformer och organisationsförändringar upplevdes resultera i påfrestningar i många situationer. Slutsatsen av denna utvärderingsstudie är att grupphandledning är ett välkommet och potentiellt värdefullt komplement för vårdpersonal som upplever ett växande behov av stöd och hjälp att hantera ökande krav och komplexitet i arbetet med patienter.

  • 29.
    Sundin, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Utvärdering utifrån klientens perspektiv av studerandeterapier vid psykologmottagningen, Institutionen för psykologi, Umeå universitet2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna utvärdering undersökte värdet, sett ur klientperspektiv, av utbildningsterapier som ges av studenter vid Psykologprogrammet, Umeå universitet. Samplet bestod av 52 klienter som började i studerandeterapi under ett år och medverkade i utvärderingen före och efter behandlingen. Hälften av klienterna var studenter, de övriga förvärvsarbetande. Vanligaste orsaker till att söka terapi var nedstämdhet, identitetsproblem och relationssvårigheter. Majoriteten fullföljde terapin (n = 43, M = 24 samtal) medan ett fåtal avbröt (n = 9, M = 4 samtal). Analyser av initiala självskattningar visade att gruppen som avbröt skattat att de var signifikant mer kallsinniga och socialt undvikande före terapin jämfört med gruppen som fullföljde. Vid eftermätningen kvarstod skillnaden mellan grupperna då det gäller interpersonella problem. Båda klientgrupperna uppvisade en mer kärleksfull och mindre självanklagande självbild efter terapin. Resultaten visade att utbildningsterapier har ett värde för klienterna. Resultaten kan användas vid val av instrument vid intakebedömningar respektive studier av behandlingsresultat.

  • 30.
    Sundin, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Eklöf, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Change and stability of attachment from childhood to early adulthood2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this study was to examine continuity and change inattachment classification from childhood to early adulthood. The relationsbetween childhood attachment, stressful life events, and young adultattachment were examined based on data from observations of thirty-fourSwedish middle-class 3 years old children who were invited to a play sessiontogether with their mothers. At 23 years, the same participants wereinterviewed with an attachment interview and they also filled out Paykel’s LifeEvent Scale. Results showed that the stability of secure and insecure attachment classification was 74 %. Classification of childhood attachment (secure versus insecure) together with stressful life events before 18 years were strong predictors of adult attachment. In conclusion, the present study supports the relevance of childhood experience to development later in life.

  • 31. Sundin, Eva
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Eklöf, Hanna
    UMEmodellen - en utvärdering av en psykodynamisk gruppbehandling för personer med svår tinnitus2002Report (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Thyme, Karin Egberg
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hällgren Graneheim, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Qualitative content analysis in art psychotherapy research: concepts, procedures, and measures to reveal the latent meaning in pictures and the words attached to the pictures2013In: The arts in psychotherapy, ISSN 0197-4556, E-ISSN 1873-5878, Vol. 40, no 1, 101-107 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this methodological paper is to describe and apply qualitative content analysis to a psychodynamic art psychotherapy context, and to give an example of the procedures used to analyse pictures and words in one time-limited psychodynamic art psychotherapy session, here named PDT/Scribbling. The art method was used with a female patient. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse one scribble with its amplification together with the patient's own clarifying words explaining the pictures. In addition, the words spoken before and after scribbling were analysed in order to capture the whole psychotherapeutic process. In the application we coded and categorised colours and elements of the scribbles and amplifications, which together with categories of the patient's own words before and after scribbling resulted in three sub-themes and an overarching theme: permitting herself to leave a victim position and take charge of her life. The conclusion of this methodological paper is that qualitative content analysis is a meaningful method for analysing pictures and words from psychodynamic art psychotherapy sessions, keeping the manifest messages and the latent meanings in the pictures intact.

  • 33.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetslagshandledning alternativt konsultation i arbetslag: Vad innebär dessa professionella samarbetsformer?2003In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 44, no 2, 123-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Att växa till vuxen - utveckling genom behov, krav och begär1996In: Själens vård och psykologin: En bok om den nya själavården och Göte Bergsten / [ed] Carl-Erik Brattemo och Sixten Lundgren, Stockholm: Verbum Förlag AB , 1996, 184-204 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Barns utveckling av temporal struktur: Exemplifierat genom innebörden av begreppet tid i olika faser av personlighetsutvecklingen2002In: Mellanrummet - Nordisk tidskrift för barn- och ungdomspsykoterapi, ISSN 1404-5559, no 6, 74-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    En grupphandledningsmodell på psykodynamisk grund för arbetslag2002In: Vart leder handledning? En lägesbeskrivning efter två decennier: Minnesskrift från PHI / [ed] Britt Wiberg, Stockholm: PsykoterapiHandledarnas Intresseförening , 2002, 65-87 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Förord1995In: Gestaltterapi på svenska / [ed] Inger Mannerstråle, Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand , 1995, 7-11 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hur jag blir ett jag1988In: Barndomen / [ed] E. Bylund, Bjästa: CEWE-Förlaget , 1988, 19-30 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    I begynnelsen - barnets första levnadstimme2001In: Insikten, ISSN 1400-0936, Vol. 10, no 4, 46-54 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    I begynnelsen var relationen... eller "själva livet är en interaktion"1993In: S:t Lukasbrevet, ISSN 1101-3559, no 2, 5-25 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The first hour of life: description of the early reciprocal interaction : mother-infant behaviour and development of their mutual relationship1990Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The immediate post partum period may be particularly important for the developing relationship between mother and infant. This report consists of two studies: the first study (paper I) gives descriptions of the interaction between infants and their parents during the first hour post partum and the second study (papers II-IV) in this report examines the effect of extra contact during the first hour following delivery.

    In the first, descriptive study, the study group consisted of 12 families, who were videotaped immediately after the birth of their infant. The aims of this study were to examine the absolute first contact between the newborn and its parents and to test Mahler's theory (1975) of the normal autistic phase. The videotapes were analysed by independent observers, who have examined the activities of the infants, the mothers, and the fathers with special emphasis on interaction. The typical process of activity development is presented and commented on and one case study is described in detail as an example (in Swedish in Appendix IV of paper I). The newborn's own capacity of intentionality and interaction through movements and sounds gives the mother a feeling of being the person who is sought by the infant during the first post partum hour. As this typical process is one of activity and of non-verbal interaction, it seems more appropriate to call this period a turning point phase or a phase of reciprocal adjustment immediately after delivery rather than a normal autistic phase as it was termed by Mahler.

    In the second, longitudinal, prospective study, an extra naked skin-to-skin contact and suckling contact, during 15-20 minutes during the first hour post partum, was given to 22 primiparous mothers and their infants (P+ group). A control group of 20 primiparous mothers and their infants received routine care immediately after delivery (P group). The aim of the study was to examine what possible influence extra contact, in contrast to routine care, might have on the behaviour of mother and infant and on the development of their mutual relationship, also taking the sex of the infant into account. Follow-up studies were made at 36 hours, 3 months, 1 year, and 3 years after the birth of each infant. In this thesis the results of the 1-year and 3-year follow-up studies are included, both presenting main effects between the experimental group and the control group and effects in relation to boys and girls. The results of this study are discussed to some extent in relation to Mahler's theory of symbiosis and individuation.

  • 42.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The first post partum hour: a descriptive study of the activities of the newborn, the mother, the father, and their interaction1990Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the present study is to examine the absolute first contact between the newborn and its parents during the time that the infant is lying on its mother's chest and abdomen immediately after birth. This examination is done in two ways: by seeing (observing) the first contact between the newborn and its parents. Hie activities of the infants, the mothers, the fathers, and their interaction have been observed, described, and analysed; and by hearing (listening to) how the parents verbalize the process of giving birth to and having a child. Another aim of this study is to test the theory of the normal autistic phase, which Margaret S. Mahler et al (1975) has theorized. In order to accomplish these aims, videotape recordings were made of twelve newborns and their parents starting immediately after the infant was delivered and the midwife had placed it on its mother's chest and abdomen. Later, these videotapes were systematically analysed. All the infants were very active and also remarkably bright and lively directly after birth. Most of them became relatively calm when they were placed on the mother's chest and it seemed as if they were carefully trying to adapt themselves to their new surroundings. Hie infants varied as to degree of activity, but all infants followed a strict process of development during their first hour of life, which consisted of the following stages: birth cry, rest/passivity, awakening/eye-to-eye-contact, mouth movements, crawling movements, grasping movements, seeking movements and finally sucking its mother's breast. Hie interaction between the newborn and its parents started immediately after delivery. Hie most common and clear response of the newborn infant to the parents' activities was direct reactions to touch. When the infant cried or whimpered the parents tried to comfort or help it in various ways, for example the mother rocked and cradled the infant or answered it with baby-talk, other sounds or words. The mother and the father sometimes tried to verbalize the infant's cry or whimpering by talking for the infant. The processes of the newborn and their parents were mutual and parallel. This early non-verbal interaction between the newborn infant and its parents could in psychological terms be named an early "coining" or emotional imprinting, in which both the infant and the parents confirm each other. The newborns own capacity of intentionality and early interaction through movements and sounds contradicts a normal autistic phase, in Mahler's full sense of the word, during these infants' first hour of life.

  • 43.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tiden och identiteten, del 1: Ett utvecklingsperspektiv1999In: Insikten, ISSN 1400-0936, Vol. 8, no 4, 61-69 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tiden och identiteten, del 2: Tidsuppfattning i olika kliniska tillstånd1999In: Insikten, ISSN 1400-0936, Vol. 8, no 5, 65-68 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 45. Wiberg, Britt
    Tidig kontakt - tidig stimulans: Långtidseffekter av tidig mor-barn kontakt efter förlossningen1980In: Nordisk Psykologi: teori, forskning, praksis, ISSN 0029-1463, Vol. 32, no 1, 221-222 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vart leder handledning? En lägesbeskrivning efter två decennier: Minnesskrift från PHI2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Wiberg, Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Aastad, Johanna
    Lindqvist, Maria
    Det nyfödda barnets samspel med sina föräldrar – belyst genom begreppen medvetandetillstånd och intentionalitet2002In: Insikten, ISSN 1400-0936, Vol. 11, no 3, 36-45 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Wiberg, Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    de Chateau, Peter
    Effets à long terme sur le comportement mère-enfant d'un contact supplémentaire pendant la première heure du post-partum: Plan de l'ètude et méthodes1985In: L'enfant dans sa famille: Enfants dans la tourmente: parents de demain / [ed] E.J. Anthony & C. Chiland, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, Le fil rouge , 1985, 7, 137-164 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Wiberg, Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    de Chateau, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Humble, K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Long-term effect on mother-infant behaviour of extra contact during the first hour post partum: V. Follw-up at three years1989In: Scandinavian journal of social medicine, ISSN 1403-4948 Print; 1651-1905 Online, Vol. 17, no 2, 181-191 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Primiparous mothers and their infants who had had an extra 15–20 minutes skin-to-skin and suckling contact (P+) during the first hour after delivery behaved differently, had a longer duration of breast-feeding, and expressed different opinions on child rearing practices at follow-ups 36 hours, 3 and 12 months after delivery as compared with a control group (P) of primiparous mothers and their infants, who were given routine care immediately after birth. The present report is based on parts of the results of the follow-up at 3 years. Asked in retrospect more P mothers found the time together with their infants immediately after delivery to have been insufficient. More P+ children were reported to have been earlier continent during the day and also earlier stubborn than the children in the P group. The Denver Developmental Screening Test showed similar results in both groups. Catecholamine levels in the urine of extra contact mothers and their boys were found to be slightly higher than those of routine care mothers and boys. Two separate analyses of video-tapes of free play showed that mothers and children in the P+ group were smiling/laughing more often than P mothers and children. The P+ mothers were more encouraging and instructing towards their children than the P mothers. Articulated conflicts were more common in the P+ group. Regardless of the type of conflict, more conflicts in the P+ group were solved. As in earlier parts of this longitudinal study differences related to type of neonatal care were more pronounced for boy-mother than for girl-mother pairs.

  • 50.
    Wiberg, Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    de Château, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Long-term effects on mother-infant behaviour of extra contact during the first hour postpartum:  IV. Study design and methods1982In: The Child In His Family: Children in Turmoil: Tomorrow's Parents, Vol. 7 / [ed] Elwyn James Anthony & Colette Chiland, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1982, 105-128 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
12 1 - 50 of 60
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