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  • 1. Angelstam, P
    et al.
    Elbakidze, M
    Axelsson, R
    Lopatin, E
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Thörnblom, J
    Dixelius, M
    Gorchakov, V
    Kovriga, L
    Learning for sustainable forest management: Europé´s East and West as a Landscape laboratory2007Other (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Umeå, Sweden.
    The Swedish forestry model: more of everything?2017In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, 44-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "The Swedish forestry model" refers to the forest regime that evolved following the 1993 revision of the Swedish Forestry Act. It is key to Swedish forest politics and used to capture the essence of a sustainable way of managing forests. However, the ideas, institutions and practices comprising the model have not been comprehensively analyzed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap, we use frame analysis and a Pathways approach to investigate the underlying governance model, focusing on the way policy problems are addressed, goals, implementation procedures, outcomes and the resulting pathways to sustainability. We suggest that the institutionally embedded response to pressing sustainability challenges and increasing demands is expansion, inclusion and integration: more of everything. The more-of-everything pathway is influenced by ideas of ecological modernization and the optimistic view that existing resources can be increased. Our findings suggest that in effect it prioritizes the economic dimension of sustainability. While broadening out policy formulation it closes down the range of alternative outputs, a shortcoming that hampers its capacity to respond to current sustainability challenges. Consequently, there is a need for a broad public debate regarding not only the role of forests in future society, but also the operationalization of sustainable development.

  • 3.
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Mot höger och mot vänster: Skillnaderna mellan de politiska blocken tycks i själva verket ha ökat2006Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lindqvist, Sara
    SLU.
    Kvastegård, Emma
    SLU.
    Partnerships implementing ecosystem-based moose management in Sweden2014In: International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, ISSN 2151-3732, E-ISSN 2151-3740, Vol. 10, no 3, 228-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is undergoing an extensive transformation from single species management towards ecosystem-based management. This study analyses the implementation of the new moose management system, focusing on the newly formed partnerships at ecosystem level (the moose management areas) and their potential to ease conflicts between participants and develop into sustainable collaborations that enable ecosystem-based management. Empirical evidence was obtained from semi-structured interviews with involved actors (hunters, landowners, wildlife managers and forest consultants) in five Swedish counties. Several challenges, based on the participants’ abilities, willingness and understanding needed to implement the new management system, were identified. Lack of funding, unclear roles and responsibilities appear to be the most serious issues. If these are not properly solved, then they have the potential to hamper and aggravate the implementation of the new management system, that is, the ecosystem-based management, as well as the partnership arrangement.

  • 5.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lindqvist, Sara
    SLU.
    Kvastegård, Emma
    SLU.
    The agency-structure dialectic in moose management: communication as precondition for and outcome of adaptive co-management2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Blomgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sahovic, Dzenan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Utmaningar och framtida möjligheter2015In: 50 år med Statsvetenskap i Umeå / [ed] Anders Lidström och Gunnel Gustafsson, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2015, 85-92 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7. Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Widmark, Camilla
    Andersson, Mats
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Measuring Transaction Costs for Pastoralists in Multiple Land Use Situations: Reindeer Husbandry in Northern Sweden2015In: Land Economics, ISSN 0023-7639, E-ISSN 1543-8325, Vol. 91, no 4, 704-722 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analysis of transaction costs in multiple land use situations is helpful in policymaking and land use management, especially in natural resource management situations where interdependence prevails. By using reindeer herding forestry land use management as an example, the aim of this study is to analyze transaction costs among stakeholders in a comanagement situation. The results demonstrate that a key variable driving transaction costs is the presence of a "land use plan for reindeer husbandry," which is an interesting paradox as reindeer herders pursue the development of these land use plans even though this drives their transaction costs.

  • 8.
    Dressel, Sabrina
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet .
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet .
    A meta-analysis of studies on attitudes toward bears and wolves across Europe 1976–20122015In: Conservation Biology, ISSN 0888-8892, E-ISSN 1523-1739, Vol. 29, no 2, 565-574 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ranges of wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos) across Europe have expanded recently, and it is important to assess public attitudes toward this expansion because responses toward these species vary widely. General attitudes toward an object are good predictors of broad behavioral patterns; thus, attitudes toward wolves and bears can be used as indicators to assess the social foundation for future conservation efforts. However, most attitude surveys toward bears and wolves are limited in scope, both temporally and spatially, and provide only a snapshot of attitudes. To extend the results of individual surveys over a much larger temporal and geographical range so as to identify transnational patterns and changes in attitudes toward bears and wolves over time, we conducted a meta-analysis. Our analysis included 105 quantitative surveys conducted in 24 countries from 1976 to 2012. Across Europe, people's attitudes were more positive toward bears than wolves. Attitudes toward bears became more positive over time, but attitudes toward wolves seemed to become less favorable the longer people coexisted with them. Younger and more educated people had more positive attitudes toward wolves and bears than people who had experienced damage from these species, and farmers and hunters had less positive attitudes toward wolves than the general public. For bears attitudes among social groups did not differ. To inform conservation of large carnivores, we recommend that standardized longitudinal surveys be established to monitor changes in attitudes over time relative to carnivore population development. Our results emphasize the need for interdisciplinary research in this field and more advanced explanatory models capable of capturing individual and societal responses to changes in large carnivore policy and management.

  • 9.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, CamillaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Forest Land Use and Conflict Management: Global Issues and Lessons Learned2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Preface to forest conflicts: a growing research field2013In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 33, 3-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Elbakidze, M
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Angelstam, PK
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University.
    Axelsson, R
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Multi-stakeholder collaboration in Russian and Swedish model forest initiatives: adaptive governance toward sustainable forest management?2010In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 15, no 2, 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building the adaptive capacity of interlinked social and ecological systems is assumed to improve implementation of sustainable forest management (SFM) policies. One mechanism is collaborative learning by continuous evaluation, communication, and transdisciplinary knowledge production. The Model Forest (MF) concept, developed in Canada, is intended to encourage all dimensions of sustainable development through collaboration among stakeholders of forest resources in a geographical area. Because the MF approach encompasses both social and ecological systems, it can be seen as a process aimed at improving adaptive capacity to deal with uncertainty and change. We analyzed multi-stakeholder approaches used in four MF initiatives representing social–ecological systems with different governance legacies and economic histories in the northwest of the Russian Federation (Komi MF and Pskov MF) and in Sweden (Vilhelmina MF and the Foundation Säfsen Forests in the Bergslagen region). To describe the motivations behind development of the initiative and the governance systems, we used qualitative open-ended interviews and analyzed reports and official documents. The initial driving forces for establishing new local governance arrangements were different in all four cases. All MFs were characterized by multi-level and multi-sector collaboration. However, the distribution of power among stakeholders ranged from clearly top down in the Russian Federation to largely bottom up in Sweden. All MF initiatives shared three main challenges: (a) to develop governance arrangements that include representative actors and stakeholders, (b) to combine top-down and bottom-up approaches to governance, and (c) to coordinate different sectors’ modes of landscape governance. We conclude that, in principle, the MF concept is a promising approach to multi-stakeholder collaboration. However, to understand the local and regional dimensions of sustainability, and the level of adaptability of such multi-stakeholder collaboration initiatives, empirical studies of outcomes are needed. To assess the adaptive capacity, the states and trends of economic, ecological, social, and cultural dimensions in actual landscapes need to be linked to how the multi-stakeholder collaboration develops and performs over the long term.

  • 12. Elbakidze, Marine
    et al.
    Angelstam, Per
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Stryamets, Natalie
    Crow, Sarah
    Axelsson, Robert
    Stryamets, Galyna
    Yamelynets, Taras
    Biosphere Reserves for conservation and development in Ukraine?: Legal recognition and establishment of the Roztochya initiative2013In: Environmental Conservation, ISSN 0376-8929, E-ISSN 1469-4387, Vol. 40, no 2, 157-166 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Biosphere Reserve (BR) concept is an approach that simultaneously reconciles and promotes conservation of natural and cultural diversity, environmentally and socioculturally sustainable economic development, and research. This study focuses on the legal recognition of the BR concept as a tool for sustainable development (SD) in Ukraine, and what impact legislation has had on BR implementation. The BR concept has been incorporated into Ukrainian nature conservation legislation. However, interviews with locals engaged with the Roztochya BR initiative revealed that the aim to promote sustainability through stakeholder collaboration was poorly implemented. Legislative misplacement of the BR concept created misunderstandings among local people during the emergence of the Roztochya BR initiative. BR implementation may be improved by (1) choosing national terminology describing the concept carefully, because this affects stakeholder perceptions, (2) ensuring that legislation for BRs has a multi-sectoral character, and (3) ensuring that those who implement BR initiatives have the understanding, knowledge and will to lead and facilitate SD as a collaborative social learning process towards ecological, economic, social and cultural sustainability.

  • 13.
    Elenius, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Allard, Christina
    Whose landscapes it anyway?: A multidisciplinary study on the concept of landscapes, and its potential to bridge the gap between social and ecological systems2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to explore, within a multidisciplinary context, in which way the relation between indigenous people and protected nature, such as national parks, are interpreted from the perspective of different theories with a holistic approach:

    • Is there a consistent theory that can explain the post-modern role of indigenous people within nature and landscape?

    • In which way can theories within different disciplines be combined in order to do multi-disciplinary research?

    • Which methods shall be used in order to achieve results?

    The researchers come from the disciplines of history, political science and law. Our case is the Sámi within the reindeer herding area of Norway, Sweden and Finland.

    From an historical perspective much of the winning from natural resources around the world is the result of the former colonial systems and Western dominion. In that way, the dynamics of landscapes is part of a global power system that is remote from the indigenous people, who lived in that landscape with their own perceptions of nature and natural resource management at the time when the colonists came to dominate. With the de-colonisation of power relations after the Second World War, the role of indigenous populations within nature has been reinterpreted, acknowledging social as well as cultural aspects of indigenous traditions and customary rights. In the same time the concept of "nature" has shifted to "landscape" and the concept of "wilderness" has changed to the more cultivated and urban notion of "park" for leisure activities (Hägerstrand 1991; Mels 1999; Svensson 2000; Saltzman 2001; Wramner&Nygård 2010). These changes comprise not only biophysical elements of nature, but also human (socio-cultural) elements including land uses and infrastructures, but also aesthetic values such as scenic beauty. One recent example of policy shift is the adoption of the European Landscape Convention from 2000 negotiated within the Council of Europe. In Sweden it enters into force in May 2011. It will form yet another tool for protecting nature and cultural areas, defined as "landscapes", touching upon judicial issues such as the rights to land and landscapes but also around political ideas on what type of activity that should be preserved or prioritized in the management of the landscape. In relation to this policy shift there is a vivid debate on how landscapes could be managed e.g. through partnerships between national and local level actors to better accommodate local resource uses.

    The negotiation between different agents and groups, on the utilisation of natural resources and landscapes, is complex. To grasp this complexity different theories must be used in research, and also the encounter of different disciplines (Grgas&Larsen 1994; Harvey 1996; Hornborg&Pálsson 2000; Gunderson & Holling 2002; Berkhout et.al 2003; Sörlin&Warde 2009). In order to investigate the area of northern Fennoscandinavia these theories of land use must be combined with theories about ethnicity and indigenous rights, since the Sámi has a specific legal status. However, the exact status

    and protection of the Sámi differs among the three countries. The understanding of their traditional land rights also differs, but in principle their customarily based rights are recognized, i.e. rights that are established by long-time possession and use. Concerning policy implementation related to resource uses in primarily remote areas, the legal rules comprise of a complex set of instruments regarding different aspects of nature conservation, physical planning and the Sámi traditional land use. This overlap consists on several levels; regionally, nationally and internationally. The EU law may be regarded as a part of national law since directives are implemented though national provisions and measures (Bengtsson 2004; Allard 2006). This is complicated even further by the fact that legislation and case law related to the Sámi vary in Norway, Sweden and Finland, thus also the connection between indigenous rights and the utilization of nature in a broad meaning (Sandell 2000; Beach 2000; Nyssönen 2004; Elenius 2006; Sandström 2008; Sande 2009). In this northern context a sustainable use of nature must also be connected to human rights values inscribed in a post-colonial discourse (Engerman&Metzer 2004; Igoe 2004; Elenius 2009).

    The paper is part of the multi-disciplinary Formas project "Indigenous rights and nature conservation in Fennoscandinavia" carried out 2010-2013 (Luleå University of Technology, Umeå University, Tromsö University). In the project three senior researchers (history, political science, law) and two doctoral candidates (history, political science) is investigating the parallel discources of indigenous rights and nature conservation within the reindeer herding area of Norway, Sweden and Finland.

  • 14.
    Ericson, Göran
    et al.
    Institutionen för vilt, fiske och miljö. SLU.
    Dahl, Fredrik
    Institutionen för vilt, fiske och miljö. SLU.
    Sandström, Camilla
    institutionen för vilt, fisk och miljö, SLU.
    Färre svenskar lämnar asfaltsdjungeln: En vanlig uppfattning är att svensken med sitt starka engagemang för naturen har stort intresse av att vara i skog och mark2009In: Miljötrender. Nyheter och resultat från SLU, ISSN 1403-4743, no 3, 3-5 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje år genomför SLU-forskare en brevundersökning till ett representativt urval av den svenska befolkningen i åldern 16 – 65 år för att se om vår inställning till djur, natur och val av friluftsaktiviteter har förändrats1. År 1980 sa 92 procent av den svenska befolkningen att de var mycket eller ganska intresserade av att vara i ”skog och mark”. Förra året sa 82 procent av svenskarna samma sak. Det är en nedgång med tio procent på knappt trettio år, men fortfarande är en stor majoritet av svenskarna mentalt nära skog och mark. Hela 86 procent av de tillfrågade tycker att skyddade naturområden är avstressande miljöer.

  • 15. Ericsson, G
    et al.
    Eriksson, T
    Laitila, T
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Willebrand, T
    Öhlund, H
    Delrapport om jakt och fiske: omfattning, betydelse och förvaltning2005Report (Other academic)
  • 16. Ericsson, G
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Delrapport om svenskars inställning till rovdjurspolitik och -förvaltning2005Report (Other academic)
  • 17. Ericsson, G
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Bostedt, G
    The problem of spatial scale when studying human dimensions of a natural resource conflict: human and carnivores as a case study2006In: International Journal of Biodiversity, Science and Management 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18. Ericsson, G
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bostedt, G
    The problem of spatial scale when studying the human dimensions of av natural resource conflict: Humans and Wolves in Sweden2006In: The International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, ISSN 1745-1590, no 4, 343-349 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Ericsson, Göran
    et al.
    Department of Animal Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bostedt, Göran
    Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    The problem of spatial scale when studying human dimensions of a natural resource conflict: Human and wolves in Sweden2006In: The International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, ISSN 1745-1590, Vol. 2, no 4, 343-349 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some surveys are performed at a spatial scale that hides the core of the problem. This is not a trivial problem if local members of the public and more distant respondents disagree over a certain issue. We contrast a Swedish national, proportional survey with corresponding regional and local surveys. We use three survey questions about wolves to illustrate the risk of extrapolation from proportional national surveys to areas where human and nature conservation issues are in conflict. As attitudes towards large carnivores generally tend to be favourable amongst the general public, but negative amongst those most likely to be adversely affected, surveys performed at a too large a spatial scale do not capture the problem or reveal disagreements between local and general public. This could lead to a conceptual mismatch between the spatial scales of, first, the natural resource problem and, second human population sampling. Our study in the mountain region of northern Sweden illustrates biases potentially introduced to controversial issues tied to local problems by using proportional national surveys. We suggest over-sampling in problem areas contrasted with proportional regional/national sampling, or proportional sampling matching the scale of problem, to identify the driving mechanisms and related variables.

  • 20.
    Eriksson, Max
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Umeå.
    Direct experience and attitude change towards bears and wolves2015In: Wildlife Biology, ISSN 0909-6396, E-ISSN 1903-220X, Vol. 21, no 3, 131-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how changes in the sizes of large carnivore populations affect the attitudes of the public is vital in order to mitigate social conflicts over large carnivore management issues. Using data from two Swedish postal surveys in 2004 and 2009, we examined the probable social effects of a continued increase in the Swedish populations of bear and wolf by comparing levels of direct experience of bears and wolves with public attitudes towards these animals. We report an increase in direct experience of bears and wolves, lower levels of acceptance of the existence of these animals, and a lower degree of support for the policy goals of both species in 2009 compared to 2004. We also find that these changes are more prominent in areas with local carnivore populations than in other areas of Sweden. Our results imply that attitudes towards bears and wolves are likely to become more negative as populations continue to grow. The uneven distributions of the carnivore populations are likely to generate more frequent social conflicts in the future as they could cause an increase in the attitudinal divide between those members of the Swedish public who have had direct experiences of carnivores and those who have not.

  • 21. Eriksson, T
    et al.
    Andersson, J
    Byström, P
    Hörnell-Willebrand, M
    Laitila, T
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Willebrand, T
    Fish and wildlife in the Swedish mountain region resources, use and management2006In: International Journal of Biodiversity, Science and Management 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Ezebilo, Eugene E
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Browsing damage by moose in Swedish forests: assessments by hunters and foresters2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 27, no 7, 659-668 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, there is a longstanding conflict between the use of forests for timber production and game for hunting due to browsing damages on young forests. This study examines the assessments of two stakeholder groups regarding browsing damage by moose. The data originated from a mail survey that involved hunters and forest owners in Sweden. The samples were randomly selected from two national registers of hunters and forest owners, respectively. An ordered logit model was used to account for the assessments of severity of moose browsing damage. The results showed that on average, non-forest owning hunters rated the browsing damage on their main hunting ground lower than non-hunting forest owners rated the browsing damage on their forest estate. The respondents who both hunt and own forest had a rating that was intermediate between the former two groups. The ratings were mainly influenced by level of activity in improving game habitat, quantity of moose meat obtained, level of moose on forest estate and the importance of bagging game as well as forest estate size, hunting ground size, and the stakeholder group that the respondents belong. The findings can help in designing strategies for conflict resolution between forestry and hunting for moose.

  • 23.
    Fischer, Anke
    et al.
    Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen, UK och Frankfurt Zoological Society, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Delibes-Mateos, Miguel
    Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC-CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Arroyo, Beatriz
    Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC-CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Tadie, Degu
    Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Randall, Deborah
    Frankfurt Zoological Society, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Hailue, Fetene
    Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Lowassa, Asanterabi
    Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania.
    Msuha, Maurus
    Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania.
    Kereži, Vesna
    Biology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
    Reljić, Slaven
    Biology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
    Linnell, John
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway.
    Majić, Aleksandra
    Biology Department, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    On the multifunctionality of hunting: an institutional analysis of eight cases from Europe and Africa2013In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 56, no 4, 531-552 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many contemporary societies, multiple functions are connected to hunting. Here, we use the concept of multifunctionality to investigate the role of hunting beyond its traditional function of supplying meat. Hunting may contribute, for example, to biodiversity conservation, recreation and the preservation of economies and cultures in rural areas. Our comparative analysis of hunting in eight study sites in Europe and Africa examines the tensions and trade-offs between these ecological, economic and social functions of hunting, and investigates the interplay between the institutions regulating these functions to better understand conflicts over hunting. Based on this analysis, we present institutional arrangements that have developed to address these challenges of multifunctionality, and explore the institutional change brought about by such arrangements. Finally, we discuss the implications of this study for policy and institutional design.

  • 24. Gaillard, Marie-José
    et al.
    Kleinen, Thomas
    Samuelsson, Patrick
    Nielsen, AnneBirgitte
    Bergh, Johan
    Kaplan, Jed
    Poska, Anneli
    Sandström, Camilla
    Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Umeå, Sweden.
    Strandberg, Gustav
    Trondman, Anna-Kari
    Wramneby, Anna
    Causes of Regional Change—Land Cover2015In: Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin, Springer, 2015, 453-477 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropogenic land-cover change (ALCC) is one of the few climate forcings for which the net direction of the climate response over the last two centuries is still not known. The uncertainty is due to the often counteracting temperature responses to the many biogeophysical effects and to the biogeochemical versus biogeophysical effects. Palaeoecological studies show that the major transformation of the landscape by anthropogenic activities in the southern zone of the Baltic Sea basin occurred between 6000 and 3000/2500 cal year BP. The only modelling study of the biogeophysical effects of past ALCCs on regional climate in north-western Europe suggests that deforestation between 6000 and 200 cal year BP may have caused significant change in winter and summer temperature. There is no indication that deforestation in the Baltic Sea area since AD 1850 would have been a major cause of the recent climate warming in the region through a positive biogeochemical feedback. Several model studies suggest that boreal reforestation might not be an effective climate warming mitigation tool as it might lead to increased warming through biogeophysical processes.

  • 25.
    Horstkotte, Tim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Exploring the multiple use of boreal landscapes: the importance of social-ecological diversity for mobility and flexibility2014In: Human Ecology, ISSN 0300-7839, E-ISSN 1572-9915, Vol. 42, no 5, 671-682 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable multiple use of landscapes can be a challenging task for the stakeholders involved, especially when they have competing interests with respect to natural resource management. In this paper we analyze the consequences associated with “landscape diversity”, including the interactions between environmental, administrative and societal factors. As a case study, we describe winter land use for reindeer husbandry in the boreal forest in Northern Sweden, a resource that is also used for commercial timber production. We show how and why the interactions between the three factors associated with landscape diversity affect reindeer herding and the options for responding to change. Multi-dimensional landscape diversity can either (i) promote flexibility in the face of change in the form of mobility or (ii) create fragmentation that restricts adaption to changes. This is a result of the dynamic patterns of diverse landscape structures, created by administrative and societal choices. Because such landscape patterns react differently to environmental variability within a season and between years, landscape functions adjusted to the dynamics of environmental variables could help to provide continuity of grazing resources in both space and time and ensure that reindeer husbandry remains resilient to changes. Because of the unequal distribution of power and capacity for decision making, social learning between the two stakeholders can help to balance trade-offs between both types of land user, allowing them to coexist in a landscape shaped by diverse values, priorities and management practices.

  • 26. Hovik, Sissel
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Trender och utmaningar i nordisk naturförvaltning2008In: Omstridd natur: Trender och utmaningar i nordisk naturförvaltning, Boréa, Umeå , 2008, 293-316 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Hovik, Sissel
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research, Oslo, Norway .
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Management of protected areas in Norway and Sweden: challenges in combining central governance and local participation2010In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 12, no 2, 159-177 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neither Norway nor Sweden has fulfilled international commitments to the principles of direct public involvement in nature conservation, which involve (we believe) the state adopting an 'enabling' role, mobilizing governance resources to support decentralized decision-making while retaining powers to intervene when necessary to defend important minority interests or support international objectives. We analyse four attempts to establish nature conservation areas with substantial levels of direct public involvement in the two countries and argue that in each case, flaws in the setting of the areas' boundaries, the framework for participation and conflict resolution mechanisms have undermined public involvement. Hence, there is a need to design more effective, enabling rules to encourage local actor involvement in nature conservation and resolve any political issues that arise as a consequence of such involvement, before the international commitments can be fulfilled.

  • 28.
    Idenfors, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Centrum för Genusvetenskap, Uppsala Universitet.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Centrum för Hälsa och Byggande, Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    När det brister: En studie av dammsäkerhet och säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar längs Skellefte- och Umeälven2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport sammanfattar resultat från en studie om dammsäkerhet och säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar längs två reglerade älvar i Västerbotten. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur dammsäkerhetsarbetet, när det gäller dammbrott, säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar och incidenter relaterade till nyttjandet av älvarna, är organiserat och fungerar längs Skellefte- och Umeälven. Övriga älvar i länet samt gruvdammar ingår inte i undersökningen. Det ansvar som Statens geotekniska institut (SGI), Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut (SMHI), försvarsmakten, Boverket, Vägverket och polisen har för att förebygga och agera i samband med översvämningar behandlas inte heller i studien.

    Rapporten baseras på en litteraturöversikt rörande den senaste forskningen på området, dokumentstudier, intervjuer med säkerhetsansvariga vid Länsstyrelsen Västerbotten, Umeå, Vännäs, Lycksele och Skellefteå kommun, samt två vattenregleringsföretag.

    Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i begreppet mänsklig säkerhet och analyserar dammsäkerhet och säkerhetsarbete utifrån ett sociotekniskt perspektiv. Det innebär att varje teknisk konstruktion, varje tekniskt system, såsom vattenkraftverk och dammar, där olika tekniska instrument används för att kontrollera och reglera vattenflöden och producera elektricitet, också utgör sociala system. Det innebär att rapporten uppmärksammar deltagande och delaktighet som en central aspekt av säkerhetsarbetet.

    Utifrån resultaten drar studien följande slutsatser:

    • Dammsäkerhetsarbetet och säkerhetsarbetet mot översvämningar längs Skellefte- och Umeälven uppvisar brister ifråga om resurser, kompetens och insyn.
    • Dammsäkerhetsarbetet inkluderar inte allmänhetens säkerhet vid och på dammar (public safety around dams).
    • Det finns oklarheter rörande vem som har ansvar för dammsäkerhet och för säkerhetsarbete mot översvämningar.
    • Dammsäkerhetsarbetet i Västerbotten inkluderar endast i begränsad omfattning sociala aspekter, lokal kunskap tas inte tillvara, och allmänhet och rättighetsinnehavare ignoreras i stor utsträckning i säkerhetsarbetet.
    • Det är generellt svårt att bedöma effekter av säkerhetsarbetet kring dammar och längs älvarna, men klart är att pågående säkerhetsarbete, i form av till exempel enskilda projekt och övningar, ökar kunskaperna om risker och ansvar, samt stärker samverkan mellan olika aktörer.
    • Dammsäkerhet uppfattas främst handla om tekniska konstruktioner medan människa-maskin- natur och mellanmänskliga och organisatoriska säkerhetsaspekter hamnar i skymundan. 
  • 29.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tysiachniouk, Maria
    Centre for Independent Social Research, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Local consequences of applying international norms: differences in the application of forest certification in northern Sweden, northern Finland, and northwest Russia2009In: Ecology and Society, ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 14, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest certification, developed in the early 1990s, is a process in which independent assessors grant use of the certification label to producers who meet certain environmental and social criteria set for their forest products. This label was quickly seen to offer a market advantage and to signal corporate social and environmental responsibility. This paper focuses on international norms pertaining to environmental and indigenous rights, as manifested in cases of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)- and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC)-compatible certification, and how these norms have been applied domestically and perceived locally in different states. Case studies are drawn from northern Sweden, northern Finland, and three regions in northwest Russia. The studies illustrate that the choice and implementation of certification type depend considerably on national infrastructure and market characteristics and result in substantial differences in the impact that international norms have at the local level.

  • 30.
    Krange, Olve
    et al.
    Norsk institutt for naturforskning .
    Tangeland, Torvald
    Norsk institutt for naturforskning .
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Holdinger til store rovdyr i Norge og Sverige: En komparativ studie av holdinger til rovdyr og rovviltforvaltning2012Report (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mineur, Eva
    The Swedish Research Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Sandström, C.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Attitudes on intensive forestry: an investigation into perceptions of increased production requirements in Swedish forestry2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 27, no 5, 438-448 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2008, the Swedish government launched an inquiry into the possibilities, benefits and requirements for conducting intensive forestry in part of the Swedish countryside, including fertilization, genetically improved plant material and fastgrowing species beyond what is currently allowed in Swedish legislation. Drawing upon part of that governmental investigation, this paper analyzes attitudes toward intensive forestry over time. The study draws upon studies of points of conflict written in the 1970s and 1980s, attitudes among different stakeholder groups, and interviews with forest owners and stakeholder groups potentially affected by intensive forestry. The study concludes that the diverging opinions as to what constitutes acceptable forest use have remained largely the same over the years. Radical landscape change is generally not seen as desirable, but views diverge over the use of novel tree species and the use of fertilization.

  • 32.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mineur, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Konflikt och konsensus i skogen: intensivodling av skog ur ett humanistiskt och samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Faktaunderlag till utredning om Möjligheter till intensivodling av skog2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första delstudien, ”Skogslandskapet som arena”, syftar till att ge en bakgrund till dagens skogsbruk i Sverige och att sätta in skogspolitiken i ett idé- och miljöhistoriskt sammanhang. Sammantaget handlar undersökningen om hur skogen har brukats och hur detta brukande har motiverats, institutionaliserats, reglerats och ifrågasatts under de senaste århundradena. Den består av två delar. Den första delen inleds med en historik som tar upp maktförhållandena i skogen och hur skogen har nyttjats genom tiderna. Därefter följer en redogörelse över skogsbrukets och skogsvårdslagens förändring över tid fram till att miljörörelsen, rennäringen, kulturminnesvården och andra ”allmänna intressen” som värnar om skogen tar plats i skogsvårdslagen. I den andra delen diskuteras ett urval konflikter som uppkommit i anslutning till skogen och skogsbruket, främst med tyngdpunkt på 1970- och 1980-talen: debatten om plantering av skog i öppna landskap, kalhyggesdebatten, reaktionerna vid inplantering av främmande trädslag, debatten om bruket av bekämpningsmedel samt visionen om att utveckla och nyttja genmodifierade träd. Flera av dessa konflikter kan rimligen åter aktualiseras vid ett intensifierat skogsbruk av det slag som utredningen behandlar.Den andra delstudien, ”Attityder och värderingar”, undersöker privatpersoners och skogsägares inställningar till den svenska skogen i allmänhet och till intensivodling av skog i synnerhet. Privatpersoner betraktar vanligen skogen som en rekreationsresurs, medan skogsägare håller skogens traditionella, ekonomiska värden närmare hjärtat. När attityder mot skogen väl förändras beror det ofta på generationsväxlingar, ökat miljömedvetande och urbaniseringstrender. Sveriges stora demografiska och kulturella skillnader har även bidragit till att skogen idag uppfattas olika i olika delar av landet. Samtidigt som vi bor längre bort från skogen än tidigare ökar vår efterfrågan på dess sociala värden, vilket innebär att ungefär hälften av våra skogsbesök numera sker i tätortsnära skog, som främst är förknippad med rekreation och vila. Skogens ekonomiska värden är emellertid fortfarande viktiga, inte minst när det gäller skogens roll som framtida energikälla. Intervjuade skogsägare har visat sig vara förhållandevis positiva till intensivodling av skog, samtidigt som det av miljömässiga och ekonomiska skäl finns ett starkt motstånd mot att öka användningen av gödsel. Privatpersoner som intervjuats anser i regel att intensivodlade områden begränsar naturupplevelsen, skadar miljön och missgynnar mångfalden. Fördelar som ökad möjlighet att utvinna alternativa energibränslen och ökade exportmöjligheter för svensk industri har emellertid också nämnts.Den tredje delstudien, ”Potentiella synergier och målkonflikter”, relaterar intensivodling av skog dels till de av riksdagen fastställda miljömålen dels till eventuella intressemotsättningar som kan uppstå till följd av ett förändrat nyttjande av jordbruksmark. De målkonflikter som identifieras, främst mellan miljömålen ’Begränsad klimatpåverkan’ och ’Ett rikt växt- och djurliv’, kan inte enbart lösas på teknisk väg utan kräver någon form av politisk avvägning. För att ansvariga myndigheter ska kunna göra en sådan avvägning krävs dock att det utarbetas någon form av politisk prioriteringsordning som kan vägleda myndigheterna i det arbetet. När det gäller eventuella intressemotsättningar som kan uppstå till följd av intensivodling framgår det av intervjuer med olika intresseorganisationer att många konflikter sannolikt kan undvikas om synpunkter från olika intressen beaktas i samband med planering av förändrat marknyttjande.

  • 33.
    Lindqvist, Sara
    et al.
    SLU.
    Camilla, Sandström
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kvastegård, Emma
    SLU.
    The changing role of hunting in Sweden: From subsistence to ecosystem stewardship?2014In: Alces, ISSN 0835-5851, Vol. 50, 35-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although hunting served traditionally to supply game meat, and that is still important in Sweden, recreation is the most common reason for hunting moose (Alces alces) today. Hunting also serves an important management purpose in regulating moose populations to control crop and forest damage. This study used semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders and officials involved in the recently implemented ecosystem-based, adaptive local moose management system where hunters and landowners become environmental stewards responsible for managing moose in context with forest damage, vehicular collisions, large carnivores, and biodiversity. Our study found that participation and collaboration in reaching management objectives was perceived as positive by stakeholders, although their stewardship is jeopardized if specific management responsibilities are not clarified regarding monitoring. Further, it is important to find long-term funding solutions for monitoring activities that are critical for adequate data collection and to support the stakeholder role as steward. The importance of monitoring must be communicated to individual hunters and landowners to achieve an ecosystem-based moose management system that effectively incorporates both social and ecological values.

  • 34.
    Lindroos, Ola
    et al.
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet .
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Odling av träd eller nyttjande av natur?: tankar kring skogsbrukets ställning inom markanvändningen2014In: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundets årsbok. 2014, [årg. 27] / [ed] Roger Jacobsson, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2014, 85-95 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Sandström, CamillaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Natural resources and regional development theory2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Löf, Annette
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Per
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Baer, Karin
    Vilhelmina norra sameby.
    Stinnerbom, Marita
    Vilhelmina norra sameby.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Renskötsel och klimatförändring: Risker, sårbarhet och anpassningsmöjligheter i Vilhelmina norra sameby2012Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rist, Lucy
    Rosvall, Ola
    Samuelsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Idenfors, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Exploring the use of a dialogue process to tackle a complex and controversial issue in forest management2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 30, no 8, 749-756 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the use of a dialogue process to approach complex issues related to forest management. Aninterdisciplinary research team set up an experimental dialogue process concerning the use of introduced tree speciesin Southern Sweden for the purposes of climate change adaptation. The process involved stakeholders at a regionallevel, including those with divergent opinions regarding introduced tree species and their use in forestry. Through aprocess of repeated meetings and exchanges with researchers, the participant’s knowledge was deepened and grouprelationships developed such that the group was able to jointly formulate a set of policy recommendations. Theinvestigation revealed that dialogue processes may improve decision-making by identifying priorities for action orfurther research. However, when a collaborative process targets complex environmental issues on larger geographicaland temporal scales, as matters about forests typically do, a collaborative process must be integrated with externalactors and institutions in order to attain tangible outcomes. Consequently, to fully access the benefits of usingcollaborative processes to handle complex challenges in forest policy and management, the connections betweenpolitical sphere, the private sector, authorities and research institutions must be concretely established.

  • 38. Nordin, Annika
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Interdisciplinary science for future governance and management of forests2016In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, S69-S73 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainable use of forests constitutes one of the great challenges for the future due to forests' large spatial coverage, long-term planning horizons and inclusion of many ecosystem services. The mission of the Future Forests programme is to provide a scientifically robust knowledge base for sustainable governance and management of forests preparing for a future characterized by globalization and climate change. In this introduction to the Special Issue, we describe the interdisciplinary science approach developed in close collaboration with actors in the Future Forests programme, and discuss the potential impacts of this science on society. In addition, we introduce the 13 scientific articles and present results produced by the programme.

  • 39. Overvåg, Kjell
    et al.
    Skjeggedal, Terje
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Management of mountain areas in Norway and the persistence of local-national conflicts2016In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 59, no 7, 1186-1204 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have investigated why conflicts linked to the distribution of power between governments and actors at the national and local levels concerning environmental management of mountain areas in Norway persist despite political intentions to strengthen local powers. We seek to explain this by analysing changes in policies, institutional frameworks, and regional contexts, and the local perceptions of these changes. Paradoxically, the national government's power has apparently been strengthened by new sectoral regulations and more stringent enforcement of the existing ones, increases in the number and extent of protected areas, and failures to act on intentions to devolve power. An additional factor spurring conflicts is the increased importance of tourism to mountain communities. To become more relevant to policies and development in mountain areas, future studies on multilevel governance must address multilevel politics, entire mountain areas, and the context of their development, rather than focusing on minor projects and protected areas.

  • 40.
    Persson, Jens
    et al.
    Inst. för skoglig zooekologi, SLU Umeå.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Inst. för skoglig zooekologi, SLU Umeå.
    Lokal förvaltning av stora rovdjur: en kunskapssammanställning2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur våra gemensamma resurser bäst kan och ska förvaltas är både en komplicerad och ofta konfliktfylld fråga. Det framgår inte minst av debatten kring hur och på vilken nivå våra storarovdjur ska förvaltas. Eftersom rovdjuren vanligtvis lever i glesa populationer, spridda över mycket stora områden, men också är förknippade med såväl ekonomiska som sociala konflikter harden centrala nivån ansetts bäst lämpad att förvalta rovdjuren.Det har bland annat medfört att de som lever nära rovdjuren och riskerar att drabbas av rovdjuren upplever att de har småmöjligheter att påverka politikens och förvaltningens utformning.Det har i sin tur skapat konflikter kring hur och på vilketsätt rovdjuren bäst förvaltas (SOU 1999:146).

    I en strävan att öka förtroendet för den svenska rovdjurspolitikenoch överbrygga den klyfta mellan centralmakt och lokalnivå eller mellan stad och land som uppstått har riksdagenbeslutat att lokala aktörer på olika sätt ska involveras i förvaltningen.Inom ramen för en sammanhållen rovdjurspolitik harbland annat regionala rovdjursgrupper, sammansatta av olikaberörda intressen, bildats. Den svenska decentraliseringen avrovdjurspolitiken, följer den av FN fastslagna andra Malawi-principensom slår fast att förvaltning av ekosystem ska decentraliserastill lägsta ändamålsenliga nivå (UNEP/CBD/COP/4/inf.9).

    Att decentralisera förvaltningen av gemensamma resurser,i det här fallet stora rovdjur, är förknippat med en rad specifikaproblem. Förutom att det krävs biologisk kunskap om rovdjuren,är det nödvändigt att reda ut vilka sociala, ekonomiska och kulturellaaspekter som bör beaktas vid förvaltningen. Det är ocksånödvändigt att finna en acceptabel balans mellan decentraliseringoch centralisering av beslutsprocessen. Lokal förvaltningav rovdjur är relativt nytt även internationellt sett. Det är fortfarandetill stora delar okänt vad som egentligen krävs för attlokal förvaltning av rovdjur ska fungera. Det är emellertid möjligtatt vi kan lära något av de försök som redan genomförts. Syfte med den här rapporten är därför dels att sammanställakunskap om lokal eller decentraliserad förvaltning av stora rovdjur, främst utifrån biologiska, socioekonomiska och förvaltningspolitiskaförutsättningar, dels att skapa ett underlag för fortsattforskning inom ramen för forskningsprogrammet FjällMistra.

  • 41.
    Rist, Lucy
    et al.
    SLU.
    Felton, Adam
    SLU.
    Samuelsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rosvall, Ola
    A new paradigm for adaptive management2013In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 18, no 4, 63- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Uncertainty is a pervasive feature in natural resource management. Adaptive management, an approach that focuses on identifying critical uncertainties to be reduced via diagnostic management experiments, is one favored approach for tackling this reality. While adaptive management is identified as a key method in the environmental management toolbox, there remains a lack of clarity over when its use is appropriate or feasible. Its implementation is often viewed as suitable only in a limited set of circumstances. Here we restructure some of the ideas supporting this view, and show why much of the pessimism around AM may be unwarranted. We present a new framework for deciding when AM is appropriate, feasible, and subsequently successful. We thus present a new paradigm for adaptive management that shows that there are no categorical limitations to its appropriate use, the boundaries of application being defined by problem conception and the resources available to managers. In doing so we also separate adaptive management as a management tool, from the burden of failures that result from the complex policy, social, and institutional environment within which management occurs.

  • 42.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Björkman, Christer
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Felton, Adam
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Southern Swedish Forest Res Ctr, Rorsjovagen 1,Box 49, S-23053 Alnarp, Sweden.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordin, Annika
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Granström, Anders
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Widemo, Fredrik
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Bergh, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Sonesson, Johan
    Skogforsk.
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Lundmark, Tomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Socio-ecological implications of modifying rotation lengths in forestry2016In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, 109-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rotation length is a key component of even-aged forest management systems. Using Fennoscandian forestry as a case, we review the socioecological implications of modifying rotation lengths relative to current practice by evaluating effects on a range of ecosystem services and on biodiversity conservation. The effects of shortening rotations on provisioning services are expected to be mostly negative to neutral (e.g. production of wood, bilberries, reindeer forage), while those of extending rotations would be more varied. Shortening rotations may help limit damage by some of today's major damaging agents (e.g. root rot, cambium-feeding insects), but may also increase other damage types (e.g. regeneration pests) and impede climate mitigation. Supporting (water, soil nutrients) and cultural (aesthetics, cultural heritage) ecosystem services would generally be affected negatively by shortened rotations and positively by extended rotations, as would most biodiversity indicators. Several effect modifiers, such as changes to thinning regimes, could alter these patterns.

  • 43.
    Sandstrom, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johansson, Maria
    Sjolander-Lindqvist-, Annelie
    The management of large carnivores in Sweden: challenges and opportunities2015In: Wildlife Biology, ISSN 0909-6396, E-ISSN 1903-220X, Vol. 21, no 3, 120-121 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Co-management as a new approach to use common forest resources2004In: Inauguration of Vilhelmina Model Forest, 2004Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Co-management of Natural Resources in the Swedish Mountains, Promises and Limitations2005In: 12th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management. Östersund, 16-19 juni, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party: from co-operation to integration2004In: Europarties, Organisation and Influence, Editions de l’Universite de Bruxelles, Bryssel , 2004Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Förekomsten av jakt och fisketurism i fjällsamebyarna2004Report (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Förutsättningar för decentraliserad förvaltning av rovdjur2005In: Fjällen i fokus, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Förutsättningar för förvaltning av Stora rovdjur2003In: FjällMistras Nätverkskonferens, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Institutional Dimensions of Comanagement: Participation, Power, and Process2009In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, Vol. 22, no 3, 230-244 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
12 1 - 50 of 97
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