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  • 1.
    De Veirman, Sofie
    et al.
    History Department, Ghent Univeristy .
    Haage, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Deaf and unwanted?: marriage characteristics of deaf people in eighteenth and nineteenth-century Belgium: a comparative and cross-regional approach2016In: Continuity and Change, ISSN 0268-4160, E-ISSN 1469-218X, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 241-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the marriage characteristics of deaf men and women born in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Belgium are compared to each other, as well as to a group of non-deaf siblings and a group of Swedish deaf persons. The aim is to determine the extent to which the marriage pattern of deaf persons lined up with that of non-disabled persons and to see how experiences of disablement interacted with the environment in which persons dwelt. This article challenges the belief in a universal disability experience by arguing that although deaf individuals generally encountered more difficulties in finding a marriage partner, marriage chances were significantly dependent on personal characteristics such as gender, living environment and birth date. As such, we demonstrate that the relationship between being deaf and being vulnerable on the marriage market was not an inescapable one, but the product of specific environments.

  • 2.
    Ericsson, Tom
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Like father, like daughter?: Intergenerational: social mobility among business and craftswomen in Sundsvall, Sweden, 1860–18932012In: Continuity and Change, ISSN 0268-4160, E-ISSN 1469-218X, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 409-431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using multiple sources, this study identifies women's intergenerational social mobility to a greater degree than most other studies on the topic. It examines the status of the fathers of women who ran a business or craft in a Swedish town that witnessed rapid urban industrial transformations. Whereas only 15 per cent of the businesswomen and 12 per cent of the craftswomen were the daughters of business- or craftsmen, the businesswomen in particular had through their trade been able to improve their social status. The results suggest that these women benefited from the commercial opportunities of their time and not from having a father in business.

  • 3.
    Ericsson, Tom
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Women's lives and lines of businesses: developmental perspectives of female entrepreneurs in Sundsvall, Sweden 1860-18922010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time in history, women were expected to engage in domestic and reproductive work. In nineteenth-century Western world, women’s labor market widened as economic developments and bureaucratization enabled them to enter one profession after another. All these changes had an impact on women’s occupational opportunities and family responsibilities, but how is little debated because few sources comprise information on both women’s demographic features and their occupational characteristics or careers. For the years 1860–90, this paper has access to such materials. Business taxation registers, business calendars and local newspapers show women manifesting entrepreneurial aspirations as they offered their female skills, services and products in Sundsvall, a coastal town that due to the establishment of the sawmill industry witnessed large-scale economic, social and demographic changes. To achieve information on the family and social background of these female entrepreneurs, they are also found in the digitized parish registers stored at the Demographic Data Base, Umeå University, Sweden. This combined data set helps to identify women’s line and duration of businesses and how their economic activities developed, and whether these activities were related to the women’s family life and social origin.

  • 4.
    Haage, Helena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Gendered death risks among disabled individuals in sweden: A case study of the 19th-century Sundsvall region2016In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 160-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study follows around 500 disabled individuals over their lifespan to examine their risks of dying in 19th-century society, in comparison to a reference group of non-disabled people. The aim is to detect whether people, due to their disability, had a higher probability of meeting an untimely death. We use Sweden’s 19th-century parish registers to identify people the ministers defined as disabled, and to construct a reference group of individuals who were not affected by these disabilities. By combining the deviance theories from sociology studies with demographic sources and statistical methods, we achieve new insight into how life developed for disabled people in past societies. The results suggest that disability significantly jeopardized the survival of individuals, particularly men, but also that the type of disability had an impact. Altogether, we can demonstrate that the disabled constituted a disadvantaged but heterogeneous group of people whose demography and life courses must be further researched.

  • 5.
    Haage, Helena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Opportunities of Work and Family in Young Disabled People’s Lives: A Comparative Study of Disabled and Non-disabled Young Adults in Nineteenth-century Northern Sweden Using Sequence Analysis2016In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Sequence Analysis and Related Methods (LaCOSA II) / [ed] Gilbert Ritschard and Matthias Studer, Lausanne: Université de Lausanne , 2016, p. 93-102Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     This study focuses on young adults with disabilities and their pathways towards work and family in past society. The aim is to explore their life trajectories and compare them to a non-disabled group of people who experienced the same time-space context, represented by the 19th-century Sundsvall region, Sweden. We employ sequence analyses on a series of demographic events that were to occur in the life of young adults: first occupation, marriage and parenthood. We also check for the events of death and out-migration. Disability studies show that disabled people were often subject to stigmatization caused by their impairment and prevailing perceptions about normalcy in in society. This would have limited their opportunities of work and family compared to non-disabled persons. Individual-level data consisting of parish registers digitized by the Demographic Data Base (DDB), Umeå University, Sweden, allow sequence analysis that helps to answer the questions of whether and how disability influenced people’s life trajectories. We obtain a holistic picture of how their life developed that suggests that disability substantially limited people’s opportunities to find job, marry and form a family. This indicates that a stigma was associated with disability beyond the impairment itself and worked to add to disabled individuals’ difficulties in both the labor market and marriage market.

  • 6.
    Haage, Helena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Disabled and unmarried?: Marital chances among disabled people in nineteenth-century northern Sweden2017In: Essays in Economic & Business History, ISSN 0896-226X, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 207-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To marry and form a household of one's own was the expected life course of most people in the nineteenth century, but little is known about whether individuals with disabilities shared the same demographic experience of marriage as non-disabled did. This study examines this issue by analyzing the marital chances of a group of disabled people—i.e. blind, deaf mute, crippled and with mental disabilities—compared with a non-disabled reference group. Our results show that about a quarter of the disabled individuals did marry, even though their marital propensities were significantly lower than those of non-disabled people. These propensities also differed by gender and type of disability. We suggest that the lower marital chances and the variation we found within the group of disabled people indicate the level of social exclusion they faced in society.

  • 7.
    Nygren, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Stanford University; Uppsala universitet.
    Sandberg, Karin
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Digitala primärkällor i historieundervisningen: en utmaning för elevers historiska tänkande och historiska empati2014In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2, p. 208-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, 110 Swedish upper secondary students use a historical database designed for research. We analyze how they perceive the use of this digital tool in teaching and if they are able to use historical thinking and historical empathy in their historical writing and presentations. Using case-study methodology including questionnaires, observations, interviews and text analysis we find this to be a complex task for students. Our results highlight technological problems and problems in contextualizing historical evidence. However, students show interest in using primary sources and ability to use historical thinking and historical empathy, especially older students in more advanced courses when they have time to reflect upon the historical material.

  • 8.
    Nygren, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Treading old paths in new ways: upper secondary students using a digital tool of the professional historian2013In: Education Sciences, ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 3, p. 50-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents problems and possibilities associated with incorporating into history teaching a digital demographic database made for professional historians. We detect and discuss the outcome of how students in Swedish upper secondary schools respond to a teaching approach involving digitized registers comprising 19th century individuals and populations. Even though our results demonstrate that students experience the use of this digital database as messy, stressful, complicated, even meaningless and frustrating, they also perceive working with it as most interesting. We discuss this twofold outcome, its reasons and lessons to learn from it. When technology is functioning and the task is specialized and sufficiently guided by the teacher, which is not always the case, our results propose that digital databases can stimulate young people’s interest and historical thinking. Knowledge construction based upon historical thinking is evident in the students’ examination papers in which they present and debate their findings. These papers indicate that students can use a digital database and write history based upon empirical evidence, source criticism and historical empathy, just as professional historians do.

  • 9.
    Sandström, Glenn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sex preference for children in German villages during the fertility transition2015In: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 57-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past, parents' sex preferences for their children have proved difficult to verify. This study used John Knodel's German village genealogies of couples married between 1815 and 1899 to investigate sex preferences for children during the fertility transition. Event history analyses of couples' propensity to progress to a fifth parity was used to test whether the probability of having additional children was influenced by the sex composition of surviving children. It appears that son preference influenced reproductive behaviour: couples having only girls experienced significantly higher transition rates than those having only boys or a mixed sibset. However, couples who married after about 1870 began to exhibit fertility behaviour consistent with the choice to have at least one surviving boy and girl. This result represents a surprisingly early move towards the symmetrical sex preference typical of modern European populations.

  • 10.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    A Study of Female Newcomers in Sundsvall Regarding Their Socio-Geographical Mobility During Industrialization1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Advantages and disadvantages of mixing materials and methods: identifying women’s positions and experiences in the past2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Before and after crime: life-course analyses of young offenders arrested in 19th century northern Sweden2011In: Journal of social history, ISSN 0022-4529, E-ISSN 1527-1897, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 861-888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article combines sources to expand our view of offenders. Prison records are investigated to identify young people in Sweden who were arrested during the period 1840–1880. Their demographic characteristics and experiences of life before and after crime are acknowledged in parish registers digitized by the Demographic Data Base, Umeå University, that allow for longitudinal life-course perspectives. These perspectives indicate how offenders experienced their lives and how other people viewed them. The findings show that paupers did not dominate among them, and due to their evident local background most offenders had access to parental ties. In providing informal social control such features are believed to limit people’s criminal involvement, but this was not so for these individuals. Event-history analyses distinguish whether a stigma afflicted them upon release, as some labeling themes propose. Examining demographic events such as relocation, marriage, career and death shows that imprisonment had some negative impact on their life courses but was not equal to crisis, except for the more unfortunate thieves and the few female criminals. Whereas limited marital and survival chances characterized them upon release, the pathways suggest that most male offenders established social bonds to the surrounding people and society. 

  • 13.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Comparative Aspects on Maidservants’ Routes and Courses:: Differences and Similarities in the Socio-Spatial Mobility of Young Women and Men to Nineteenth-Century Sundsvall, Sweden2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Comparative Aspects on Servants’ Routes and Residences: Differences and Similarities in the Migration Patterns of Young Women and Men Moving to Nineteenth-Century Sundsvall, Sweden2005In: The Modelization of Domestic Service: Proceedings of the Servant Project, Volume V / [ed] Suzy Pasleau, Isabelle Schopp, Raffaella Sarti, Liège: Les Éditions de l’Université de Liège , 2005, , p. 20p. 69-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Complementary and conflicting sources: results and experiences from combining data uncovering women’s work and family position in nineteenth-century Sundsvall, Sweden2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Consequences of individual misconduct in the past: demographic characteristics of juvenile delinquents and their paths in comparison to average youths in nineteenth-century Northern Sweden2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Different data identifying women in the urban labor market: their work and occupational structure around 18802009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Different sources, different answers: aspects on women's work in Sundsvall, Sweden, 1860-18932003In: Interchange, ISSN 0826-4805, E-ISSN 1573-1790, Vol. 34, no 2-3, p. 241-259Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Dissolving gendered borders and expectations using different data: women’s independence and experiences from work and family in nineteenth-century Sweden2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Dygd och blygd: Ett par kvinnoläppars bekännelser1998In: Dygder som duger? Sparsamhet, flit och hederlighet: Nio unga forskares reflexioner / [ed] Martin Kylhammar, Uppsala: Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga forskningsrådet, Ord & Form, , 1998, p. 74-93Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Female domestic servants in Sundvall, a Swedish sawmill town, during industrialization2004In: Domestic servants and the formation of european identity: understanding the lobalization of domestic work, 16th-21st centuries / [ed] Antoinette Chauve-Famoux, Bern: Peter Lang , 2004, p. 87-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Gendered migration patterns and motives in the past2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Gendered routes and courses: The socio-spatial mobility of migrants in nineteenth-century Sundsvall, Sweden2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines migrants during a time of large-scale socio-economic transformations. These changes were particularly evident in the nineteenth-century town of Sundsvall, Sweden, to which thousands of men and women moved. The causes and consequences of their arrival are analyzed by considering migrants’ geographical backgrounds, socio-economic and demographic characteristics, and their life-courses in the town. The results are explained by employing a micro-perspective focusing on individual migrants and a macro-perspective that, in addition to acknowledging the importance of structural socio-economic changes, also takes into account the current gender regime. The paths and experiences of women during the period of industrialization are particularly emphasized.

    Computerized parish registers enable this study to clarify gendered patterns of socio-spatial mobility. It finds differences and similarities between male and female migrants and illuminates their features in pre-industrial and urban-industrial Sundsvall. The influx increased remarkably over time but its even gender distribution and the characteristics of migrants remained fairly constant even though the town’s economic life was based on the surrounding sawmill industry that should have favored men’s arrival. Female migrants traveled shorter distances but they responded to business cycles in much the same way as men did and paralleled their length of residence in the town.

    The routes migrants took to Sundsvall were largely gendered and so were the consequences of their arrival. Life-course analyses show that a high level of social stability characterized most migrants during their stay in the town, but men particularly benefited from the economic transformation that was underway. Women seldom experienced upward social mobility although the additional sources used here such as local newspapers reveal they were very active in the urban labor market.

    In addition to gender several factors influenced patterns of migration such as socio-economic transformations, the availability of social networks, improving transportation, and a growing supply of information. Migrants’ multiple movements reveal that regional and larger migration systems brought people to Sundsvall but also encouraged them to leave. Their frequent travels illuminates the process of migration on individual and structural levels and shed light onto the slow process of urbanization in Sweden. Shifts in women’s migration patterns are viewed both as a protest against gendered constraints and as a result of the wider public space and labor opportunities they achieved through the introduction of legal and socio-economic reforms in the late nineteenth-century.

    This thesis shows the necessity to employ both micro- and macro-perspectives inspired by approaches used in different disciplines to conceptualize migrants and their experience of socio-spatial mobility. The use of a variety of methods and diverse array of sources benefits such efforts and helps identify gendered patterns and women’s paths. These methodologies allow us to recognize migrants as agents of change who negotiated a turbulent time and setting that influenced their socio-spatial mobility.

  • 24.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hemindustriarbeterskor i Göteborgs stad och Sjuhäradsbygden under det tidiga 1900-talets industrialisering: Avhandlingsrecension: Malin Nilsson, Taking work home: Labour dynamics of women industrial homeworkers in Sweden during the second industrial revolution, Gothenburg studies in economic history 14 (Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet 2015)2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 1, p. 81-87Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    I fru Grönhagens garderob fanns allt som hörde damtoaletten till, eller?: Faror och fördelar med källpluralismen som metod att identifiera kvinnors arbete i 1800-talets Sverige2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    I fru Grönhagens garderob fanns allt som hörde damtoaletten till, eller?: källjämförelser belyser befolkningshistoriska materials underrapportering av kvinnors arbete och försörjning i Sundsvall 1870-18902011In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 131, no 1, p. 25-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Befolkningshistoriska materials underrapportering av kvinnors yrken är känd blandhistoriker men dess omfattning och natur har varit svår att klargöra. För att belysa dennaproblematik och diskutera dess orsaker undersöker studien hur kyrkböcker beskriverkvinnors arbete i Sundsvall 1870–1890 jämfört med andra källor. Även om resultatenförstärker det tvivel som forskare har rest över befolkningshistoriska materials dokumentationav kvinnors yrken, lämnar de viktig information om både kvinnors arbeteoch familj som måste analyseras närmare för att avgöra deras position i historien.

  • 27.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Identifying dissonant and complementary data on women through the triangulation of historical sources2010In: International Journal of Social Research Methodology, ISSN 1364-5579, E-ISSN 1464-5300, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 211-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If triangulation and its worth have long been contested amongst social scientists,historians have not discussed it. In this paper, a historical demographer practisesdata triangulation by combining qualitative and quantitative sources. The aim is toexplore how these sources identify nineteenth-century women’s occupations andthus challenge the gender bias found in population registers as they reportincomplete information on women’s work. This bias is acknowledged by feministhistorians and also evident in quantitative records in developing countries. Toexplain the outcome of dissonant data that this historical study shows and shareswith modern triangulation approaches, women’s ability to represent theiroccupational identities in the different sources is discussed. Some of theepistemological implications that arise from the triangulation of data that subsistsunder separate paradigms are also reflected upon. Although triangulation is farfrom infallible, it is argued that it helps to gain, view and question knowledge.

  • 28.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Identifying dissonant and complementary data on women through the triangulation of historical sources2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Identifying the Labeling Impact of Incarceration2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Illuminating the Labeling Impact of Incarceration: Life-Course Perspectives of Young Offenders' and Their Pathways in Comparison to Non-Offenders in Nineteenth-Century Northern Sweden2008In: Crime, History and Societies, ISSN 1663-4837, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 81-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In history, little is known about what happened to past offenders upon release. The labeling theories propose that the label bore negative consequences for those defined as criminals. To find evidence of this, young offenders’ life courses after incarceration in a booming sawmill area in nineteenth-century northern Sweden are examined. Prison registers are investigated and linked to Swedish parish records digitized by the Demographic Data Base (DDB), Umeå University. These historical sources allow for life-course perspectives that have been recently developed in modern criminology and other fields. Event-history analyses of a matched data set including non-criminals help to detect whether offenders suffered markedly from their criminal label, through examining four demographic events: relocation, marriage, career and death. Achieving this label had some negative impact on the pathways of individuals, but it was not equal to crisis and did not change the course of life dramatically. However, criminal men were less successful on the labor market and the few female offenders appear to be most vulnerable because this label meant they especially transgressed their gendered expectations. Nevertheless, finding that incarceration did not ruin the future prospects of young people challenges the stigma emphasized by some labeling concepts. It seems as if offenders confronted social exclusion to a limited extent and were governed by tolerant attitudes and a prosperous labor market.

  • 31.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    In the Name of Shame?: The Correlation between, and the Consequences of, Migration and Illegitimacy in Sundsvall During Industrialization1998In: Sex, State and Society: Historical Perspectives on Sexuality, 1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    In the name of shame?: The correlation between migration and illegitimacy in Sundsvall during industrialization2000In: Sex, state and society: comparative perspectives on the history of sexuality / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Almkvist & Wiksell International , 2000, p. 153-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Juvenile Delinquency and the Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Youths Committing Crimes in and Area and Century of Change: The Sundsvall region, Sweden, 1840-18802004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Kvinnors liv efter brott – en hopplös historia?: levnadsbanor bland kvinnliga brottslingar i 1800-talets Sundsvallsregion2008In: THULE, 2008: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundets Årsbok 2008 / [ed] Jacobsson, Roger, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2008, p. 77-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Life prior to crime and after: demographic perspectives of juvenile delinquents in the nineteenth-century Sundsvall region, Sweden2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Mastering and Measuring Historical Data: The Possibilities and Obstacles to Explore Individuals’ Life-Courses Using Statistical Analyses on Swedish Parish Registers in the Case of Migrants to Late Nineteenth-Century Sundsvall, Sweden2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Mycket väsen för ringa ting: Ungdomsbrottens utveckling i Sundsvallsregionen 1840-18802006In: Oknytt: Johan Nordlander-sällskapets tidskrift, ISSN 0349-1706, no 1-2, p. 41-68Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Past and paths of young people committing crimes: demographic perspectives of life prior to crime and after among juvenile delinquents in the nineteenth-century Sundsvall region, Sweden2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects on Female Domestic Servants in Sundsvall: A Swedish Sawmill Town during Industrialization2005In: Servants and Changes in Mentality, 16th to 20th Centuries: Proceedings of the Servant Project, Volume I / [ed] Suzy Pasleau, Isabelle Schopp, Raffaella Sarti, Liège: Les Éditions de l’Université de Liège , 2005, , p. 21p. 19-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Reach out to bring in rejuvenation: on the need to populate historical demography2016In: The future of historical demography: upside down and inside out / [ed] Koen Matthijs, Saskia Hin, Jan Kok & Hideko Matsuo, Leuven: Acco, 2016, p. 249-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Societal change and individual past in connection with crime: demographic perspectives on young people arrested in Northern Sweden in the Nineteenth Century2008In: Continuity and Change, ISSN 0268-4160, E-ISSN 1469-218X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 331-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about the lives of criminal offenders prior to their incarceration in past time. Knowing the background of offenders, however, may explain why they broke the law. This article explores young offenders in the Sundsvall region of Sweden, 400 kilometres north of Stockholm, an area with a booming sawmill-based economy in nineteenth-century Sweden. First, using prison registers, large-scale structural concepts are employed to explain the increasing number of incarcerations of young people reported during the period 1840–1880. Second, to uncover the offenders' demographic backgrounds and their socio-economic circumstances when arrested, they are identified in Swedish parish registers digitized by the Demographic Data Base (DDB) at Umeå University. These sources permit the application of retrospective life-course perspectives that are increasingly applied in modern criminology. These perspectives show that offenders were not primarily migrants or of poor origin, but that they frequently came from the region. Thus their parents were often also present in the community. In providing informal social control these characteristics – being local and having at least one parent nearby – are thought to lead to lower levels of criminality and imprisonment, but they were of little effect in preventing crime or incarceration. This study thus challenges the view of the criminal in past time as a lone individual arrested in an unfamiliar settings. Among the few female offenders observed, however, these factors were more typical; although gender accounts for low levels of criminality, their isolation and poverty did lead some women to theft.

  • 42.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Sources and Servants: Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects on Female Domestic Servants in Sundsvall, A Swedish Sawmill Town, During Industrialization2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sources in conflict: women’s work in Sundsvall, Sweden, 1860-19932009In: Understanding literacy in its historical contexts: past approaches and work in progress / [ed] Harvey J. Graff, Alison Mackinnon et al., Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2009, p. 127-142Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Swedish Urban Migrants and Their Socio-Geographical Mobility 1840-1930: Family Networks Among Female Newcomers in Sundsvall During the Second Part of the Nineteenth Century1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    The Causes and Characteristics of Individuals in Crises: The Determinants and Socio-Demographic Characteristics of People Needing Poor Relief in an Area and Century of Change, the Sundsvall Region, Sweden, 1800-18802003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    The Doris-Story - and the Socio-Spatial Paths of Unmarried Female Migrants in Sundsvall, Sweden, During Industrialization1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    The Meaning of Being Male or Female Migrants: Demo-Geographical Aspects on the Spatial and Marital Path of Young, Single Men and Women Heading for Sundsvall, Sweden, in the 1870s2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    To Stay, Maybe Settle or Move Away?: Geographical Aspects on Departures, Destinations and Residence of Young Single Women Heading for Sundsvall, Sweden, During the 1840s and 1870s2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Transgressing gendered spheres through business: female entrepreneurs in a Swedish town around 18802013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, 1, p. 255-275Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Ung och redan arresterad: unga individers brott och demografiska bakgrund i 1800-talets Sundsvallsregion2006In: Oknytt: Johan Nordlander-sällskapets tidskrift, ISSN 0349-1706, no 3-4, p. 64-91Article in journal (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 75
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