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  • 1. Ahl-Waris, Eva
    et al.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Om tillkomsten och användningen av en fornlämningsplats: Arkeologibruk kring Kökars franciskankonvent2014In: Historisk Tidskrift för Finland, ISSN 0046-7596, E-ISSN 2343-2888, Vol. 99, no 2, 147-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Christer, Nordlund
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Full gas mot en (o)hållbar framtid2012In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, 244-251 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lång, Henrik
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Motorspriten kommer!: en historia om etanol och andra alternativa drivmedel2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Motorspriten kommer! löd budskapet i början av 1900-talet. Liknande utfästelser om alternativa drivmedel har gång på gång hörts genom historien. Men de oljebaserade bränslena har behållit sitt grepp om transportsystemet, trots att de alltid ansetts problematiska. Varför?

    Den här boken handlar om olika försök att utveckla och förverkliga alternativ till oljebaserade drivmedel i Sverige. Den spänner över ett drygt sekel, från slutet av 1800-talet och framåt, och behandlar bland annat sulfitsprit, syntetisk bensin, gengas, metanol och den första och andra generationens etanol. I fokus står motiven bakom dessa alternativ varför de har ansetts angelägna och önskvärda liksom de problem och strukturella hinder som de har mött och alltjämt fortsätter att möta. Boken ger historiska och medievetenskapliga perspektiv på de pågående försöken till en omställning på drivmedelsområdet och bidrar till kunskap av värde för såväl beslutsfattare som allmänhet.

    Boken bygger på forskning som utfördes inom det tvärvetenskapliga projektet Framtidens drivmedel? Biobränslen i historisk och kulturell belysning. Den är skriven av samtliga forskare i projektet Annika Egan Sjölander, Helena Ekerholm, Jenny Eklöf, Erland Mårald, Christer Nordlund och Bosse Sundin i samarbete med Henrik Lång.

  • 4.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    En humanistisk fågel Fenix: från kris till offensiv2013In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 1, 49-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Espmark, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Married for science, divorced for love: Success and failure in the collaboration between Astrid Cleve and Hans von Euler-Chelpin, 1902–19122012In: For better or for worse?: Collaborative couples in the sciences / [ed] Annette Lykknes, Donald Opitz & Birgitte Van Tiggelen, Birkhäuser Verlag , 2012, 81-102 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Hultman, Martin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Energizing Technology: Expectations of Fuel Cells and the Hydrogen Economy, 1990–20052013In: History & Technology, ISSN 0734-1512, E-ISSN 1477-2620, Vol. 29, no 1, 33-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although fuel cells have been considered promising technology since the nineteenth century, fresh expectations – expressed by engineers, company leaders, politicians and journalists – began to flourish in the 1990s later on associated with the vision of a ‘hydrogen economy.’ Inspired by research in the history and sociology of expectations, the present paper analyzes this recent history of global fuel cells and hydrogen potentials as played out in the USA, EU, and especially Sweden. It is demonstrated that automotive shows, the mass media, and forecast projects were significant arenas in promoting and circulating the idea that fuel cells represented energy efficient and clean technology that almost by necessity would be utilized in the ‘vehicles of the future.’ This paper also highlights the framing of water both as a potential source of energy and as a symbolic purifying bath that would restore an environmentally friendly society, interpreted as an ecomodern utopia.

  • 7.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Homo ludens på universitetet: Om förutsättningar för kreativa forskningsmiljöer2012In: Kulturella Perspektiv, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 21, no 1, 2-9 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Swedish Forests: Promoting Forestry, Capturing Carbon and Fuelling Transports2011In: Energy, Policy, and the Environment: Modeling Sustainable Development for the North / [ed] Marja Järvelä & Sirkku Juhola, New York: Springer , 2011, 133-153 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kardell, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Intensive forestry as progress or decay?: An analysis of the debate about forest fertilization in Sweden, 1960-20102011In: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 2, no 1, 112-146 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-1960s, fertilization (with nitrogen) had a breakthrough as a promising forest management method in Swedish company owned forests. The activity grew and peaked during the 1970s but then lost ground and stabilized at a low level in the 1990s and early 2000s. Over the last five years, however, interest in fertilizing Swedish forests has increased again. In this article both the forestry industry’s, and the environmental movement’s, attitudes toward forest fertilization over time are investigated. Furthermore, conflicting persistent ideas about nature and future, i.e., “figures of thought”, within interest groups, representing forestry and the environmental movement respectively, are identified and analyzed in relation to the debate on fertilization. The analysis reveals mainly three figures of thought that have influenced this debate during the period, “the idea of progress”, “the idea of decay” and “the idea of the great chain of being”. The study thus sheds light on how the relationship between forestry and the environmental movement has evolved from the 1960s until today and uncovers thought patterns that have stood, and continue to stand, in opposition to one another.

  • 10.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kardell, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Intensive Forestry as Progress or Decay?: An Analysis of the Debate about Forest Fertilization in Sweden, 1960–20102011In: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 2, no 1, 112-146 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-1960s, fertilization (with nitrogen) had a breakthrough as a promising forest management method in Swedish company owned forests. The activity grew and peaked during the 1970s but then lost ground and stabilized at a low level in the 1990s and early 2000s. Over the last five years, however, interest in fertilizing Swedish forests has increased again. In this article both the forestry industry’s, and the environmental movement’s, attitudes toward forest fertilization over time are investigated. Furthermore, conflicting persistent ideas about nature and future, i.e., “figures of thought”, within interest groups, representing forestry and the environmental movement respectively, are identified and analyzed in relation to the debate on fertilization. The analysis reveals mainly three figures of thought that have influenced this debate during the period, “the idea of progress”, “the idea of decay” and “the idea of the great chain of being”. The study thus sheds light on how the relationship between forestry and the environmental movement has evolved from the 1960s until today and uncovers thought patterns that have stood, and continue to stand, in opposition to one another.

  • 11.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mineur, Eva
    The Swedish Research Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Sandström, C.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Attitudes on intensive forestry: an investigation into perceptions of increased production requirements in Swedish forestry2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 27, no 5, 438-448 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2008, the Swedish government launched an inquiry into the possibilities, benefits and requirements for conducting intensive forestry in part of the Swedish countryside, including fertilization, genetically improved plant material and fastgrowing species beyond what is currently allowed in Swedish legislation. Drawing upon part of that governmental investigation, this paper analyzes attitudes toward intensive forestry over time. The study draws upon studies of points of conflict written in the 1970s and 1980s, attitudes among different stakeholder groups, and interviews with forest owners and stakeholder groups potentially affected by intensive forestry. The study concludes that the diverging opinions as to what constitutes acceptable forest use have remained largely the same over the years. Radical landscape change is generally not seen as desirable, but views diverge over the use of novel tree species and the use of fertilization.

  • 12.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Skogslandskapet som arena: en idé och miljöhistorisk bakgrundsanalys2009In: Konflikt och konsensus i skogen: intensivodling av skog ur ett humanistiskt och samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv, Umeå: SLU , 2009, 2-32 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delstudien syftar till att ge en bakgrund till dagens skogsbruk i Sverige och att sätta in skogspolitiken i ett idé- och miljöhistoriskt sammanhang. Sammantaget handlar undersökningen om hur skogen har brukats och hur detta brukande har motiverats, institutionaliserats, reglerats och ifrågasatts under de senaste århundradena. Den består av två delar. Den första delen inleds med en historik som tar upp maktförhållandena i skogen och hur skogen har nyttjats genom tiderna. Därefter följer en redogörelse över skogsbrukets och skogsvårdslagens förändring över tid fram till att miljörörelsen, rennäringen, kulturminnesvården och andra "allmänna intressen" som värnar om skogen tar plats i skogsvårdslagen. I den andra delen diskuteras ett urval av konflikter som uppkommit i anslutning till skogen och skogsbruket, främst med tyngdpunkt på 1970- och 1980-talen: debatten om plantering av skog i öppna landskap, kalhyggesdebatten, reaktionerna vid inplantering av främmande trädslag, debatten om bruket av bekämpningsmedel samt visionen om att utveckla och nyttja genmodifierade träd. Flera av dessa konflikter kan rimligen åter aktualiseras vid ett intensifierat skogsbruk av det slag som utredningen behandlar.

  • 13.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mineur, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Konflikt och konsensus i skogen: intensivodling av skog ur ett humanistiskt och samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Faktaunderlag till utredning om Möjligheter till intensivodling av skog2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första delstudien, ”Skogslandskapet som arena”, syftar till att ge en bakgrund till dagens skogsbruk i Sverige och att sätta in skogspolitiken i ett idé- och miljöhistoriskt sammanhang. Sammantaget handlar undersökningen om hur skogen har brukats och hur detta brukande har motiverats, institutionaliserats, reglerats och ifrågasatts under de senaste århundradena. Den består av två delar. Den första delen inleds med en historik som tar upp maktförhållandena i skogen och hur skogen har nyttjats genom tiderna. Därefter följer en redogörelse över skogsbrukets och skogsvårdslagens förändring över tid fram till att miljörörelsen, rennäringen, kulturminnesvården och andra ”allmänna intressen” som värnar om skogen tar plats i skogsvårdslagen. I den andra delen diskuteras ett urval konflikter som uppkommit i anslutning till skogen och skogsbruket, främst med tyngdpunkt på 1970- och 1980-talen: debatten om plantering av skog i öppna landskap, kalhyggesdebatten, reaktionerna vid inplantering av främmande trädslag, debatten om bruket av bekämpningsmedel samt visionen om att utveckla och nyttja genmodifierade träd. Flera av dessa konflikter kan rimligen åter aktualiseras vid ett intensifierat skogsbruk av det slag som utredningen behandlar.Den andra delstudien, ”Attityder och värderingar”, undersöker privatpersoners och skogsägares inställningar till den svenska skogen i allmänhet och till intensivodling av skog i synnerhet. Privatpersoner betraktar vanligen skogen som en rekreationsresurs, medan skogsägare håller skogens traditionella, ekonomiska värden närmare hjärtat. När attityder mot skogen väl förändras beror det ofta på generationsväxlingar, ökat miljömedvetande och urbaniseringstrender. Sveriges stora demografiska och kulturella skillnader har även bidragit till att skogen idag uppfattas olika i olika delar av landet. Samtidigt som vi bor längre bort från skogen än tidigare ökar vår efterfrågan på dess sociala värden, vilket innebär att ungefär hälften av våra skogsbesök numera sker i tätortsnära skog, som främst är förknippad med rekreation och vila. Skogens ekonomiska värden är emellertid fortfarande viktiga, inte minst när det gäller skogens roll som framtida energikälla. Intervjuade skogsägare har visat sig vara förhållandevis positiva till intensivodling av skog, samtidigt som det av miljömässiga och ekonomiska skäl finns ett starkt motstånd mot att öka användningen av gödsel. Privatpersoner som intervjuats anser i regel att intensivodlade områden begränsar naturupplevelsen, skadar miljön och missgynnar mångfalden. Fördelar som ökad möjlighet att utvinna alternativa energibränslen och ökade exportmöjligheter för svensk industri har emellertid också nämnts.Den tredje delstudien, ”Potentiella synergier och målkonflikter”, relaterar intensivodling av skog dels till de av riksdagen fastställda miljömålen dels till eventuella intressemotsättningar som kan uppstå till följd av ett förändrat nyttjande av jordbruksmark. De målkonflikter som identifieras, främst mellan miljömålen ’Begränsad klimatpåverkan’ och ’Ett rikt växt- och djurliv’, kan inte enbart lösas på teknisk väg utan kräver någon form av politisk avvägning. För att ansvariga myndigheter ska kunna göra en sådan avvägning krävs dock att det utarbetas någon form av politisk prioriteringsordning som kan vägleda myndigheterna i det arbetet. När det gäller eventuella intressemotsättningar som kan uppstå till följd av intensivodling framgår det av intervjuer med olika intresseorganisationer att många konflikter sannolikt kan undvikas om synpunkter från olika intressen beaktas i samband med planering av förändrat marknyttjande.

  • 14.
    Lundgren, Anders
    et al.
    Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria, Uppsala universitet.
    Mårald, ErlandUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.Nordlund, ChristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Polhem: teknikhistorisk årsbok, Tema: Teknik och miljö2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Lång, Henrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Making Wilderness: An inquiry into Stig Wesslén's Documentation and Representation of the Northern Swedish Landscape2015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 2, 9-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article explores images of the Northern Swedish landscape, produced and mediated by Stig Wesslén (1902–1987) in the 1930s and 1940s. Trained as a forester, Wesslén gradually turned into a documentarist, focusing on the wilderness, notably big birds, predators and the mountain range in Lapland. Along with making a number of ambitious movies and embarking on intensive lecture tours, he was an active debater and writer and published six, richly illustrated books. These careers were interwoven, partly for practical reasons; income from lecturing and journalism financed his filmmaking and gave him time to write his books. It is argued in the article that Wesslén was driven by a strong feeling for wilderness and that he was against the way modern civilization exploited nature. The goal of his documentary work was ultimately to raise public awareness regarding the state of nature and he may thus be seen as a link between the preservationists of the early twentieth century and the environmentalists of the 1960s. In order to reveal the true essence of nature, Wesslén developed a “scientific” documentary technique, which he named “camera hunting.” The idea was to use the best camera equipment possible that would allow him to observe nature at a distance, not disturb the natural order of things, and present authentic images. Yet, as the article shows, Wesslén sometimes anthropomorphized the animals and also dramatized nature in many of his works.

  • 16.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Förord2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, 7-14 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, ChristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kamerajägaren: Stig Wessléns skildringar av naturen och det samiska2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    L'environnement nordique: du mythe à la réalité2010In: Artnord, ISSN 1950-8123, no 10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Natur och miljö i nordisk kultur: några idéhistoriska nedslag2016In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 99, no 1, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do Swedes love and adore natural scenery, perhaps even more than other people do. In this essay, the authors argue that nature – and certain images of a typically Swedish nature – has indeed played a vital role in Swedish cultural history, especially since the end of the nineteenth century. However, this has not been the case due to some "inherent element" within the Swedish population but is rather a result of a "collective learning process" at the social level. According to the authors, this learning process was initially connected to nationalism, industrialisation and modernisation and has over time been driven, shaped and mediated by many different institutions and practices in society, such as natural science, landscape painting, wildlife tourism, winter sports, nature protection, literature, environmental politics and agencies, and eventually business and marketing. Furthermore, the authors discuss similarities as well as differences between the modern environmental history and view of nature in Sweden and the other Nordic countries. 

  • 20.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Nordlund, ChristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Anders Ekström (red), Den mediala vetenskapen: anm av Christer Nordlund2005In: Historisk Tidskrift, no 3, 525-526 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Anne Kristine Børresen : Bergtatt. Johan H. L: professor, rådgiver og familiemann2013In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 92, no 2, 311-314 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att skapa något från intet2014In: Västerbottens-KurirenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå Centre for World View, Value, and Science.
    Between Science and Industry: On the Establishment, Organisation and Practices of the Swedish Geological Survey in the Nineteenth Century2007In: Earth Sciences History: Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society, Vol. 26, no 1, 127-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Både modern och passé2006In: Västerbottens-KurirenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Creativity as platform?2015In: Genres of scholarly knowledge production / [ed] Patrik Svensson, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den svenska musikhistorien: intervju med musikvetaren och programledaren Mattias Lundberg2016In: Horisont (Svenska Österbottens litteraturförening), ISSN 0439-5530, Vol. 63, no 305, 23-27 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Det upphöjda landet: vetenskapen, landhöjningsfrågan och kartläggningen av Sveriges förflutna, 1860-19302001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking the establishment of Ice Age theory as its point of departure, the present dissertation examines aspects of geological, plant geographical and archaeological research on shoreline displacement conducted in Sweden during the period 1860-1930, and the significance of this research for the perception of "the Swedish landscape" and its post-glacial history. The research is analyzed on three levels under the rubrics "The Highest Shoreline and the Ancylus Lake", "The Question of Land Elevation", and "Charting Swedens Past", respectively. Taken together, these levels capture the varying perceptions and exchanges of opinion of the nature of shoreline displacement and the contexts in which they were applied.

    The present study is conducted via a theoretical and methodological approach where both the ideas and the practices of science are studied: activities in the field and at the various institutions (primarily the Swedish Geological Survey, its museum and the Geological Society of Stockholm); arguments and hypotheses presented in artides and handbooks, including visual images, diagrams and maps; social networks, career paths and controversies. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between science and nationalism, and comparisons are made with research conducted in an imperialist context.

    Ice Age theory helped initiate research whose purpose was to discover how the Swedish naturai and cultural landscape carne into being. The foremost task of geology became studying geographic evolution during the Quaternary epoch, how the land had "risen from ice and water". Plant geography studied how and whence plant life had migrated and how vegetation had evolved under the influence of biological, geological and climatological factors. In a similar manner, archaeologists studied the migration and dissemination of mankind during the StoneAge. When natural scientists primarily used "natural landmarks" as its source material, archaeologists relied on "archaeological finds", which were invested with scientific value but also became symbols of national collective memory. Through this survey, national identity was unifìed with the territory itself and its evolutionary history.

    Knowledge about shoreline displacement became significant for geology, plant geography and archaeology, which in turn encouraged interdisciplinary collaboration, but also locked the researchers into a similar way of thinking about the nature of shoreline displacement. According to this "thought style", the phenomenon was first and foremost the result of the vertical movement of the land rather than movement in the ocean surface. Up until the 1870s, the Ice Age was thought to have been followed by one single subsidence and elevation; during the 1880s, two such land oscillations; three during the 1910s and by the 1920s, five. Only toward the end of the 1920s did Swedish researchers begin to accept a multi-factor explanation, which succeeded in finally subverting the reigning thought style. According to this explanation, shoreline displacement was not solely the result of changes in the land or the sea, but of both.

  • 29.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Det övervakade geniet: Albert Einsteins vänsterengagemang - ett fall för FBI2005In: Västerbottens-Kuriren, no 2005-08-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Dolda platser i hormonernas historia: bondgården, kvinnokliniken och vårdhemmet2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, 50-70 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå Centre for World View, Value, and Science.
    Earth, Water, Ice and Fire: Two Hundred Years of Geological Research in the English Lake District2007In: Isis: An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences, Vol. 98, no 3, 616- p.Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå Centre for World View, Value, and Science.
    En brännande samhällsfråga2007In: Upsala Nya TidningArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Endocrinology and expectations in 1930s America: Louis Berman's ideas on new creations in human beings2007In: British Journal for the History of Science, ISSN 0007-0874, E-ISSN 1474-001X, Vol. 40, no 144:1, 83-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    in the first half of the twentieth century, hormones took pride of place as life's master molecules and the endocrinologist took precedence over the geneticist as the scientist offering the means to control life. But, as with molecular genetics and biotechnology today, the status of endocrinology was not based solely on contemporary scientific and medical practices. To a high degree it was also reliant on expectations or visions of what endocrinologists would soon be able to do. Inspired by the approach of social studies of techno-scientific expectations, the ann of this article is to explore some of the great expectations connected to the development of endocrinology in the 1930s. The analysis is based on popular books written by the American physician and endocrinologist Louis Berman. The paper argues that Berman thought not only that it was perfectly possible to understand human nature through hormone analysis but that endocrinologists would be able to control, design and 'improve' humans by using hormone replacement therapy. Furthermore, in contrast to most of the eugenics of his time, Berman suggested that the whole population of the world should be improved. As a political activist he wanted to contribute to the development of new human beings, 'ideal normal persons', thereby reaching an 'ideal society'. That HRT could involve risks was something that he seems not to have taken into account.

  • 34.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Entering the invisible cities of Finland2005In: H-Net: Humanities and Social Sciences OnlineArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Fantasi möter vetenskap2006In: Upsala Nya TidningArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från idé till lärdomshistoria (Rec. av Nils Andersson & Henrik Björck (red.), Idéhistoria i tiden: perspektiv på ämnets identitet under sjuttiofem år)2008In: Upsala Nya TidningArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Geologi och nationalism2005In: Vitenskap og teknologi for samfunnet?: bergfagene som kunnskapsfelt / [ed] Astrid Wale, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Geologin och samhället2008In: Upsala Nya TidningArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Grön humaniora: en inledning till fältet2016In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 25, no 1, 2-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental humanities is a dynamic and rapidly growing post-disciplinary field of scholarship that brings together scholars, practices and theoretical perspectives from the humanities, social sciences and the fine arts. It analyses, explores and tackles questions related to the environment and all kinds of environmental problems, and it may thus be understood as a concerted response to the pressing environmental challenges of our time. This article gives a brief introduction to the field and the various ways it has been promoted and institutionalized in Sweden and abroad. It also introduces the articles in the present issue, written by the researchers Sverker Sörlin, Ebba Lisberg Jensen, Martin Hultman, Coppélie Cocq and Daniel Andersson, as well as a short essay and a review. Taken together, these texts represent one of the first publications on environmental humanities and its development, published in Swedish.

  • 40.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Harry Collins & Trevor Pinch,2006In: Lychnos: Årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoriaArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Horisont: Tidskrift för litteratur och kultur, Tema: Musik och människa2016Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hormoner för livet: endokrinologin, läkemedelsindustrin och drömmen om ett botemedel mot sterilitet 1930–19702008 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hormoner i folkhemmet: om endokrinologi, sterilitetsproblem och befolkningsfrågan2008In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 3–4, 42-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current historiography of the early Swedish welfare state the so-called sterilisation programme, which was established in the 1930s in accordance with the premises of racial hygiene, plays a prominent role. The aim of the present essay is to highlight and analyse ideas about what may be looked upon as the counterpart of sterilisation: medical practices in order to cure sterility. Furthermore, the essay explores the connection between such ideas and the population debate of the 1930s and 1940s, when not only voluntarily but also involuntarily childless marriages were considered as a threat against the nation. The analysis is based mainly on articles written by the respected gynaecologist and endocrinologist Axel Westman, who conceptualised sterility as a hormonal imbalance and argued that hormone therapy could be of great significance for the treatment of this diagnosis and thereby for society.

  • 44.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Hormoner och visioner i mellankrigstid: Louis Bermans idéer om möjligheten att förädla mänskligheten2004In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, 165-206 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the first half of the twentieth century, hormones took pride of place as life’s master molecules, and the endocrinologist took precedence over the geneticist as the scientist offering the means to control life. But, as with genetics and biotechnology today, the status of endocrinology was not only based on contemporary scientific and medical practices but also, to a high degree, on expectations, or visions, about what endocrinologists would be able to do ”in the future”. Inspired by the research field social studies of techno-scientific expectations, the aim of this article is to explore some of the great expectations that were connected to the development of endocrinology in the 1930s. The analysis is based on popular books written by the American endocrinologist Louis Berman, who worked in New York City most of his life, part time at Columbia University. In 1921, Berman reached fame for his book The glands regulating personality, which was a study of the glands of internal secretion in relation to what Berman called the ”types of human nature”. In the journal Science, Berman later named his approach ”psycho-endocrinology”. In the 1930s, Berman not only argued that it was possible to understand human nature through hormone analysis, but that endocrinologists would also be able to control and ”improve” human nature by using hormone therapy. Furthermore, in contrast to most of the eugenics of his time, Berman suggested that the whole population of the world should be improved, not only humans within a specific race or in specific nations. As a political activist of the 1930s, Berman wanted to contribute to the development of new creations in human beings, ”ideal normal persons”, and thereby to reach an ”ideal society”. That such large-scale hormone replacement therapy could involve risks, such as side effects, was something that Berman seems not to have taken into account.

  • 45.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå Centre for World View, Value, and Science.
    Hormones and Expectations in 1930s America: Louis Berman’s Ideas on New Creations in Human Beings2007In: British Journal for the History of Science, Vol. 40, no 1, 83-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå Centre for World View, Value, and Science.
    Hormones for Life?: Behind the Rise and Fall of a Hormone Remedy (Gonadex) against Sterility in the Swedish Welfare State2007In: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Vol. 38, no 1, 191-216 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hormones of Life: Endocrinology, the Pharmaceutical Industry and the Dream of a Remedy for Sterility, 1930–19702011 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    How the Coast Became High: an Historical Introduction to the High Coast (Höga Kusten) World Heritage Site in Sweden2005In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, Vol. 11, no 2, 113-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Humanistisk offensiv2013In: Västerbottens-KurirenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hur kusten blev hög: en historisk och landskapsteoretisk studie av Höga Kusten2008In: När dalen var röd och kusten blev hög / [ed] Erland Mårald, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
123 1 - 50 of 112
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