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  • 1.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Active labour market policies2013Ingår i: The Routledge Handbook of the Welfare State / [ed] Bent Greve, Oxon and New York: Routledge, 2013, 1, s. 115-124Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals primarily with Active Labour Market Policies (ALMPs) which mainly consist of educational and employment incentives offered to the unemployed. ALMPs aim at relieving or preventing the negative effects that spells of unemployment often bring about for the individual as well as for the labour market as a whole. The subject that researchers continually investigate is whether or not participation in ALMPs is fruitful. This chapter shows that it is difficult to make universal statements about this because the success of ALMPs seems to vary as a consequence of how they are designed, individual heterogeneity among participants, and methodological issues. Nevertheless, despite the difficulty in drawing conclusions, some general tendencies as regards the supply of ALMPs and subsequent micro level effects of ALMPs will be highlighted in this chapter.

  • 2.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Long-term unemployment scarring and the role of labour market policies: The case of Sweden in the 1990s2010Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The experience of unemployment puts individuals at risk of long-term negative scarring and the longer the unemployment spell, the greater the risk of negative scarring. In Sweden, labour market policies aim at reducing such risks in the form of unemployment benefits, active matching and active labour market policy programmes (ALMPs). However, there is frequent discussion regarding the extent to which these kinds of policies actually reduce the risk of negative scarring. It is often argued that the programmes are of poor quality, particularly during economic downturns, and participants are often not motivated for the task. Likewise, it is claimed that unemployment insurance tends to counteract a quick return to the regular labour market. One problem related to labour market policies is that it has been difficult to examine the impact of such policies. Studies often present results that appear scattered due to differences in what is actually being measured and methodological problems.

    The uniqueness of this thesis is that it is based on a large-scale longitudinal register of data that has provided important empirical information regarding the long-term effects of labour market policy investments. The quality of data has also enabled the use of evaluation techniques which largely can help to reduce the uncertainty of the findings. More precisely, the research questions examine (1) in what way the level of unemployment benefit functions as protection against unemployment scarring, (2) in what way the ALMPs protect long-term unemployed people from long-term unemployment scarring, (3) at what point in a business cycle the ALMPs are efficient and finally, (4) for whom do the ALMPs function to reduce the risk of negative scarring. In this thesis, scarring effects are measured as the risk of labour market exit, the risk of labour market instability and the risk of future negative wage trajectories. The methods used in most studies are Cox regressions in combination with instrumental variable analysis (the Heckman two-step procedure).

    The empirical findings indicate that ALMPs worked well to reduce such negative effects both in times of booms (1999) and recessions (1993) and particularly among the youngest and oldest actors on the labour market. They also function particularly well for people with a low level of education. However, it is important not to exclude unemployed people who have a high level of education, in the belief that ALMPs have nothing to offer them, since such people are particularly helped by ALMPs as regards reducing the risk of future labour market instability. It was also found that generous unemployment benefit helped to reduce the risk of future negative wage scarring. In addition to these findings, some mechanisms were identified which proved to be important tools for transforming policies into valuable resources for the unemployed. In this thesis, the value of the findings of these mechanisms is discussed from the perspective of the capability approach. Even if the same investments were made in all unemployed persons, the participants would respond differently to the investment. Some reasons for the inequality in outcomes were found within the programmes and were due to heterogeneity in the unemployment group but some reasons can actually be explained by the converters (mechanisms) that were identified in the studies.

    Thus, the results emphasise the importance of investing in labour market policies, particularly during economic downturns. This is the time when cuts in unemployment benefit do not help the unemployed back to the labour market since there are very few available jobs to apply for. It is also the time when the long-term unemployed should participate in ALMP-training in order to be prepared for new challenges when the labour market improves again. As a matter of fact, the results show that skills from ALMP-training have a bridging effect which indicates that these skills will be valuable on the labour market for at least another five years after the year of investment.

    The findings in this thesis are controversial since they differ from most research findings from the beginning of the 1990s which point to poor micro level outcomes. However, the long-term approach of this thesis is the main explanation for these new and different results.  It is argued here that a long-term approach is needed to find out the long-term effects because ALMP participation, particularly ALMP-training, is meant to be a long-term investment in human capital. A long period of time needs to pass between ALMP-investment and evaluation before the effects can show. Reported effects from ALMP investments at the beginning of the 1990s have often been measured on a short-term basis. It is not suggested that short-term effects should be ignored but it is argued that a short-term analysis provides only a fragmental description of reality, and long-term effects should be given greater priority than is usually the case since they affect the labour market prospects of the individuals over a long period of time. This thesis dispels the “myth” about the negative effects generated from ALMPs during the 1990s.

  • 3.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs in Sweden 2003–20122018Ingår i: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, Vol. 31, nr 5-6, s. 461-477Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on Swedish register data from 2003 to 2012, this study attempts to explain over-education and upward mobility among tertiary graduates. Rarely used explanatory factors are central in the analyses, such as ‘still in study’ and ‘field of education’. Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs are regarded as over-educated. The results of this work suggest that the general increase in graduates correlates well with the increase in over-educated graduates. Many of those who were categorised as over-educated were students, and graduates from some specific fields were particularly vulnerable to working in low-wage jobs. Sixty per cent of the graduates found more suitable jobs, while up to 40 per cent stayed in jobs related to lower wages. Graduates from fields associated with higher risks of over-education were also less likely to experience upward mobility. The increasing occurrence of over-education among graduates may not only result in a substandard utilisation of human capital (and absence of social mobility), it also seems that the presence of large numbers of over-educated graduates in low-paid work may have implications for unskilled workers, through displacement effects.

  • 4.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    What works best when?: The role of active labour market policy programmes in different business cycles2011Ingår i: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 43-54Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    At what point in a business cycle do the long-term unemployed gain most from participation in active labour market policy programmes (ALMP), as compared to openly unemployed? In this article, this question is studied from the perspective of individual human capital with the hazard of labour market exit and chances of future labour market stability and equal post-unemployment income as output variables. All the long-term unemployed in Sweden were followed on a four-year basis, with 1993 (recession) and 1999 (boom) as starting years. The study shows mainly positive effects among participants regardless of the state of the market. However, ALMP-training has a “bridging” effect over different labour market conditions and a quick return to the regular labour market is therefore not as important for the success of participation as it is among ALMP-employment participants.

  • 5.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Who are the lucky ones?: Heterogeneity in active labour market policy outcomes2011Ingår i: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 144-155Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on how the effects from investments in Active Labour Market Policy programmes (ALMPs) may be differently distributed due to the age and educational level of participants. Outcomes were measured as the chance of labour market inclusion, labour market stability and post-unemployment incomes. This longitudinal study captures long-term effects among 50,000 Swedes who entered unemployment in 1993. While the youngest gained most from ALMP- training, the oldest were best helped by ALMP-employment in reducing the risk of labour market exit. The lowest educated gained much from ALMP participation, although the effects were weaker than expected: those with a higher education gained more in terms of labour market stability from ALMP-training compared with the less educated persons. This result was interpreted in terms of a springboard effect, meaning that ALMP-training pushes higher educated people into further education in the regular educational arena.

  • 6.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Bonfanti, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Centre for Applied Psychological Research, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia , Adelaide , Australia.
    Second Chance Education Matters!: Income trajectories of poorly educated non-Nordics in Sweden2015Ingår i: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 528-550Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we examine the long-term impact of second chance education (SCE) on incomes of poorly educated individuals who live in Sweden but were not born in a Nordic country, using data on income changes from 1992 to 2003 compiled by Statistics Sweden. Ordinary Least Squares regression analyses show that participation in SCE increased the work income of non-Nordics by a higher percentage than that of Nordics. The results also indicate that much of the effects of SCE on non-Nordics are related to increases in “Sweden-specific” human capital, rather than increases in their educational level per se, which seems to provide a form of ‘endowment insurance’ that improves their labour market position in Sweden. Relying on the theoretical framework of the Capability Approach, we conclude that such effects are related to the instrumental economic value of individuals’ capability to be educated, as well as the value of material well-being.

  • 7.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Stehlik, Tom
    School of Education, University of South Australia.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Investment in second-chance education for adults and income development in Sweden2012Ingår i: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, ISSN 1363-9080, s. 1-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the relation between Second Chance increase in formal education among low educated adults in Sweden and long term wage development. Despite the awareness of the role of education for employability and individuals’ overall life chances surprisingly few studies have investigated the wage effects of Second Chance Education for adults. Research contributions referring to long term effects of such educational investment are particularly limited. In this study we use a longitudinal register database compiled by Statistics Sweden where we follow all low educated adults in Sweden from 1992 over a time span of twelve years. The results show both impressive direct and long term positive effects on wages after the adult attainment of a completed secondary education.  In further analysis a large proportion of the long term effects are shown to relate to further educational attainment after the completion of Second Chance secondary education. The conclusion that is drawn is that Second Chance Education in Sweden is an effective tool for improving long-term labour market prospects and economic opportunities for low educated adults, this not least through its ability to start educational trajectories.

  • 8.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Göra illa för att hjälpa eller hjälpa till att göra illa?: Arbetslösas reservationslöner, jobbchanser och återanställningsinkomster2008Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, nr 3, s. 33-54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic incentives and their impact on the job search behaviour of the unemployed have been a central focus in the academic and political debate in Sweden. A key con­cept has been the reservation wages of the unemployed, the lowest income at which an unemployed person would be willing to accept a job offer. Unemployment benefit sys­tems have been argued to raise and maintain reservation wages at high levels that lo­wer job chances. This has been supported by a large number of international studies. From this perspective lower reservation wages would function as protection against long term unemployment and the scarring effects associated with it. High reservation wages might however, based on the same behavioural assumptions, have a human ca­pital preserving effect. The possibility to hold out for the right job should reduce hu­man capital losses compared to accepting the first available job offer. In this article we use Swedish longitudinal micro data combining interview and register data in or­der to investigate three central aspects reservation wages in a Swedish context: Factors influencing the setting of reservation wages, the effect of reservation wage on job chances and the impact of reservation wages on reemployment incomes. Our findings show that benefit level and pre-unemployment position in the wage structure are central factors for setting the reservation wage. The effects of reservation wages were however not the expected. No effects were found on job chances, while a strong positive effect was found on reemployment income. This together indicates that high reservation wages have a human capital preserving effect in Sweden.

  • 9.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hurting to help or helping to hurt? The reservation wages of unemployed, job chances and reemployment incomes in Sweden.2008Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, nr 3, s. 32-54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic incentives and their impact on the job search behaviour of the unemployed have been a central focus in the academic and political debate in Sweden. A key concept has been the reservation wages of the unemployed, the lowest income at which an unemployed person Would be willing to accept a job offer. Unemployment benefit systems have been argued to raise and maintain reservation wages at high levels that lower job chances. This has been Supported by a large number of international Studies. From this perspective lower reservation wages Would function as protection against long term unemployment and the scarring effects associated with it. High reservation wages might however, based on the same behavioural assumptions, have a human capital preserving effect. The possibility to hold Out for the right job Should reduce human capital losses compared to accepting the first available job offer. In this article we use Swedish longitudinal micro data combining interview and register data in order to investigate three central aspects reservation wages in a Swedish context: Factors influencing the setting of reservation wages, the effect of reservation wage on job chances and the impact of reservation wages on reemployment incomes. Our findings show that benefit level and pre-unemployment position in the wage structure are central factors for setting the reservation wage. The effects of reservation wages were however not the expected. No effects were found on job chances, while a strong positive effect was found on reemployment income. This together indicates that high reservation wages have a human capital preserving effect in Sweden.

  • 10.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Selektivitet och jobbchanser bland arbetslösa2014Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den lägsta lönen som en arbetslös kan tänka sig acceptera ett jobb för, reservationslönen, antas delvis kunna förklara både hur många jobb arbetslösa söker men också deras chanser att få jobb. Det är ovanligt med studier där den arbetslöse fått uppge sin reservationslön men i den här studien har vi tillgång till den självskattade reservationslönen. Med den informationen studeras här betydelsen av såväl nivån på a-kassan som psykosociala faktorer för hur arbetslösa sätter sina reservationslöner. Vidare studeras också a-kassans, reservationslönens och psykosociala faktorers roll för hur intensivt arbetslösa söker jobb men också för deras verkliga jobbchanser. Resultaten visar att nivån på a-kassan är förknippad med hur arbetslösa sätter sina reservationslöner, medan psykosociala faktorer inte är det. Vidare indikerar resultaten att både nivån på a-kassan och psykosociala faktorer är kopplade till hur många jobb en arbetslös söker, medan reservationslönen inte är det. Slutligen, i vilken utsträckning arbetslösa verkligen får jobb är varken förknippat med jobbsökintensitet eller nivån på a-kassan. Det visar sig istället reservationslönen vara, tillsammans med arbetslösas humankapital och hur många som är arbetslösa på den lokala arbetsmarknaden. Med det drar vi slutsatsen att a-kassan och reservationslönen är mått som mäter relativt olika ting och därför kan det vara problematiskt att använda ersättningsnivå på a-kassa som ett substitut för självskattade reservationslöner.

  • 11.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The relation between economic and non-economic incentives to work and employment chances among the unemployed2014Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we address the relationship of self-reported reservation wages(RW)(the lowest offered income at which an unemployed persona will accept a job offer), the income replacement rate of unemployment benefit (IRUB) and psychosocial need for employment with job search intensity and reemployment probabilities among unemployed in Sweden in 1996-1997. The results indicate that the RWs reported by the group that we observe over timewere relatively stable, but strongly related to IRUB and both the gender and age of the unemployed individuals. Interestingly, IRUB was related to search intensity, but not reemployment probabilities, while the RW was related to reemployment probabilities but not search intensity. These findings suggest that IRUB might be a poor proxy for RWs, in some situations at least. In sharp contrast, psychosocial incentives appeared to be related to both search intensity and reemployment probabilities, indicating a need for a richerunderstanding of search behaviour and unemployment durations. The data also indicate that the rolesof search behaviour and incentives for reemployment probabilitiesmay be exaggeratedwhich, at least under the relatively depressed labour market conditions our data represented, appeared to be much more strongly related to human capital and demand for labourfor our study population

  • 12.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Melén, Daniel
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Låg a-kassa försämrar chansen att få jobb2008Ingår i: NewsmillArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Melén, Daniel
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Regeringens politik minskar aktivt chanserna att få arbete2009Ingår i: NewsmillArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, SE-651 88 Karlstad, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Karina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Socialmedicin.
    Do open youth unemployment and youth programs leave the same mental health scars?: Evidence from a Swedish 27-year cohort study2015Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, artikel-id 1151Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent findings suggest that the mental health costs of unemployment are related to both short- and long-term mental health scars. The main policy tools for dealing with young people at risk of labor market exclusion are Active Labor Market Policy programs for youths (youth programs). There has been little research on the potential effects of participation in youth programs on mental health and even less on whether participation in such programs alleviates the long-term mental health scarring caused by unemployment. This study compares exposure to open youth unemployment and exposure to youth program participation between ages 18 and 21 in relation to adult internalized mental health immediately after the end of the exposure period at age 21 and two decades later at age 43.

    Methods: The study uses a five wave Swedish 27-year prospective cohort study consisting of all graduates from compulsory school in an industrial town in Sweden initiated in 1981. Of the original 1083 participants 94.3 % of those alive were still participating at the 27-year follow up. Exposure to open unemployment and youth programs were measured between ages 18–21. Mental health, indicated through an ordinal level three item composite index of internalized mental health symptoms (IMHS), was measured pre-exposure at age 16 and post exposure at ages 21 and 42.

    Ordinal regressions of internalized mental health at ages 21 and 43 were performed using the Polytomous Universal Model (PLUM). Models were controlled for pre-exposure internalized mental health as well as other available confounders.

    Results: Results show strong and significant relationships between exposure to open youth unemployment and IMHS at age 21 (OR = 2.48, CI = 1.57–3.60) as well as at age 43 (OR = 1.71, CI = 1.20–2.43). No such significant relationship is observed for exposure to youth programs at age 21 (OR = 0.95, CI = 0.72–1.26) or at age 43 (OR = 1.23, CI = 0.93–1.63).

    Conclusions: A considered and consistent active labor market policy directed at youths could potentially reduce the short- and long-term mental health costs of youth unemployment.

  • 15.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Active Labour market policy and unemployment scarring: A ten-year Swedish panel study2008Ingår i: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 357-382Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown mixed results concerning the effects of participation in active labour market policy programmes (ALMPs) on the longer term scars in the form of poor income development and low job stability following the end of an unemployment spell. Most previous studies, however, have been limited both in the time frame used and to particular programmes. We argue that human capital investments are long-term investments and should therefore also be investigated from a long-term perspective. ALMP training and ALMPs as subsidized employment also represent different types of human capital investments that may produce effects that are differently distributed over time. In order to handle these issues, this article uses a longitudinal register-based dataset in which all long-term (more than six months) unemployed Swedes in 1993, who had no labour market problems in 1992, are followed for ten years. We found positive effects of ALMP participation concerning both the probability of reaching pre-unemployment incomes and a reduction in the hazard of exiting the labour market, while the effect on the probability of having an unemployment-free year was mixed. The effects of the two forms of ALMPs were differently distributed over time, with ALMP employment having an immediate effect that decreased relatively quickly and ALMP training having a longer-term effect.

  • 16.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Arbetsmarknadspolitiken och arbetslösas ekonomiska potential2010Ingår i: Tvärsnitt, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    På kort sikt kan aktiv arbetsmarknadspolitik försvåra men fördelarna överväger2010Ingår i: NewsmillArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Strandh, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Youth unemployment, youth programs and mental health scarring in Sweden - long term mental health effects of two different forms of unemployment experiences2012Ingår i: A comparison of effects on capabilities in transitions to the labour market: EU Collaborative Project "WorkAble": Making Capabilities Work (2009-2012) Work Package 5: Effects on transitional trajectories of young people Deliverable 5.2: Final report, Bielefeld: Workable Research Consortium , 2012, s. 137-164Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Wickman, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Holm, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    The relationship between physical activity and self-efficacy in children with disabilities2018Ingår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 50-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether self-efficacy in children with disabilities could be strengthened through targeted and adapted physical activities led by specially educated leaders. Children and Youth Physical Self-Perception Profile (CY-PSPP) scale were used. The study includes 45 children of 8–14 years of age with different types of impairments. The children participated in training sessions twice a week and tried out 13 different physical activities during eight months. The median in this study of total self-efficacy was 104 points, which can be compared to median points varying between 100 and 107 in previous studies based on children without disabilities. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant increase of the means in four out of six different domains of self-efficacy before and after the study was carried out. Key findings indicated that this model is successful in strengthening the children’s self-efficacy and that their perceived self-efficacy was equal to that of children without disabilities.

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