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  • 1.
    Backman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Is there a Nordic Model for the treatment of introduced tree species?: A comparison of the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the Nordic countries2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 222-232Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the use, policy, and debate concerning introduced tree species in the five Nordic countries (Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland). These countries have a long common history and are culturally similar. They are often framed under the benchmark of the Nordic Model or even the Nordic Forestry Model. Therefore, we hypothesize that the Nordic countries' treatment of introduced tree species share common aspects, and that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy have reinforced these similarities. The comparison shows that globalization is strong and it seems, at least at a first glimpse, that the Nordic countries follow a kind of Nordic Model in their approach to introduced tree species. However, the history and importance of forestry, ecological conditions, afforestation campaigns, traditions of using introduced trees, understandings, and stakeholder positions have shaped different national and even regional path dependencies and circumstances. This, in turn, has transmuted international policy-making, regulations, and discussions into different specific ways to interpret, control, and implement the use of introduced trees in practice. This article concludes that global environmental agreements and international currents in science and policy adapt to diverse national contexts.

  • 2.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lång, Henrik
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Motorspriten kommer!: en historia om etanol och andra alternativa drivmedel2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Motorspriten kommer! löd budskapet i början av 1900-talet. Liknande utfästelser om alternativa drivmedel har gång på gång hörts genom historien. Men de oljebaserade bränslena har behållit sitt grepp om transportsystemet, trots att de alltid ansetts problematiska. Varför?

    Den här boken handlar om olika försök att utveckla och förverkliga alternativ till oljebaserade drivmedel i Sverige. Den spänner över ett drygt sekel, från slutet av 1800-talet och framåt, och behandlar bland annat sulfitsprit, syntetisk bensin, gengas, metanol och den första och andra generationens etanol. I fokus står motiven bakom dessa alternativ varför de har ansetts angelägna och önskvärda liksom de problem och strukturella hinder som de har mött och alltjämt fortsätter att möta. Boken ger historiska och medievetenskapliga perspektiv på de pågående försöken till en omställning på drivmedelsområdet och bidrar till kunskap av värde för såväl beslutsfattare som allmänhet.

    Boken bygger på forskning som utfördes inom det tvärvetenskapliga projektet Framtidens drivmedel? Biobränslen i historisk och kulturell belysning. Den är skriven av samtliga forskare i projektet Annika Egan Sjölander, Helena Ekerholm, Jenny Eklöf, Erland Mårald, Christer Nordlund och Bosse Sundin i samarbete med Henrik Lång.

  • 3.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Promoting ethanol in the shadow of oil dependence: 100 years of arguments and frictions in Swedish politics2012In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 621-645Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On a political level, Swedish transport ethanol has always been embedded in visions of an alternative, brighter future. Arguments in support of ethanol have been reiterated throughout the 20th and 21st century, exhibiting a striking stability over time. At the same time, the contexts in which arguments for ethanol have been raised have undergone dramatic shifts. This article investigates the historical contingencies of three empirical cases, covering the interwar years, the aftermath of the oil crises of the 1970s and the 21st century's concerns over global warming. It concludes with the observation that despite political convictions about ethanol's commercial, military and environmental potential, domestic production has not managed to take off on its own. It has relied on state support such as tax exemptions, it has been dependent on other industries for feedstock provision and its technical superiority is still waiting for market confirmation.

  • 4. Jansson, Ulf
    et al.
    Mårald, ErlandUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Bruka, odla, hävda: Odlingssystem och uthålligt jordbruk under 400 år2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Jørgensen, Finn Arne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Karlsdóttir, Unnur Birna
    East Island Heritage Museum.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Poulsen, Bo
    Aalborg University.
    Räsänen, Tuomas
    University of Helsinki.
    Entangled Environments: Historians and Nature in the Nordic Countries2013In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 92, no 1, p. 9-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses recent developments in Nordic environmental history scholarship in light of the concept of the Anthropocene. Taking nature and culture as entangled with each other, the article explores questions of definitions, disciplinary knowledge and the need for interdisciplinarity, and the problem of national, spatial and temporal boundaries in environmental history. Both natural spaces and the scientific knowledge we have about nature need to be historicized. The article concludes with a look to the future of Nordic environmental history.

  • 6.
    Lundgren, Anders
    et al.
    Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria, Uppsala universitet.
    Mårald, ErlandUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.Nordlund, ChristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Polhem: teknikhistorisk årsbok, Tema: Teknik och miljö2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Lång, Henrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Making Wilderness: An inquiry into Stig Wesslén's Documentation and Representation of the Northern Swedish Landscape2015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 9-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article explores images of the Northern Swedish landscape, produced and mediated by Stig Wesslén (1902–1987) in the 1930s and 1940s. Trained as a forester, Wesslén gradually turned into a documentarist, focusing on the wilderness, notably big birds, predators and the mountain range in Lapland. Along with making a number of ambitious movies and embarking on intensive lecture tours, he was an active debater and writer and published six, richly illustrated books. These careers were interwoven, partly for practical reasons; income from lecturing and journalism financed his filmmaking and gave him time to write his books. It is argued in the article that Wesslén was driven by a strong feeling for wilderness and that he was against the way modern civilization exploited nature. The goal of his documentary work was ultimately to raise public awareness regarding the state of nature and he may thus be seen as a link between the preservationists of the early twentieth century and the environmentalists of the 1960s. In order to reveal the true essence of nature, Wesslén developed a “scientific” documentary technique, which he named “camera hunting.” The idea was to use the best camera equipment possible that would allow him to observe nature at a distance, not disturb the natural order of things, and present authentic images. Yet, as the article shows, Wesslén sometimes anthropomorphized the animals and also dramatized nature in many of his works.

  • 8.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    1900-talets skogshistoria påverkar synen på framtiden2016In: Skogshistoriska sällskapets årsskrift, ISSN 1650-0962, p. 22-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    A catalyst for modern agriculture?: The importance of peatland cultivation in adoption of inorganic fertilizers in Sweden, 1880-19202008In: The agricultural history review: A journal of agricultural and rural history, ISSN 0002-1490, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 48-65Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Agrar utbildning och forskning2011In: Jordbruk och skogsbruk i Sverige sedan år 1900: En kartografisk beskrivning / [ed] Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2011, p. 110-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Agrarian education and research2011In: Agriculture and forestry in Sweden since 1900: A cartographic description / [ed] Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2011, p. 110-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Danandet af en efterverld: Pehr Hellzén som norrländsk upplysningsman2008In: Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria / [ed] Bosse Sundin & Maria Göransdotter, Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier , 2008, p. 56-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ekologiskt jordbruk som vetenskaplig kontrovers2010In: Jordbruk som håller i längden / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Stockholm: Formas , 2010, p. 441-456Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ekologiskt lantbruk2011In: Jordbruk och Skogsbruk i Sverige sedan år 1900: En kartografisk beskrivning / [ed] Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2011, p. 96-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    En katalysator för det moderna jordbruket: mossodlingens betydelse för konstgödselns genombrott 1880-19202008In: Svensk mosskultur: Odling, torvanvändning och landskapets förändring 1750-2000 / [ed] Leif Runefelt, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2008, p. 129-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Environmental History of Artificial Fertilisers in the Baltic Sea Area: Learning from Environmental History in the Baltic Countries2004In: The Baltic Sea Project: Learners' guide. No 6, Learning from Environmental History in the Baltic Countries / [ed] Per Eliasson, Stockholm: Myndigheten för skolutveckling , 2004, 1, p. 63-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Far och son von Ferilitzen och svenska mosskulturföreningens gyllene år 1886-19212008In: Svensk mosskultur: Odling, torvanvändning och landskapets förändring 1750-2000 / [ed] Leif Runefelt, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2008, p. 97-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hållbarhetsbegreppets intåg i skogen2014In: Som man ropar i skogen: Vägval som berör oss alla / [ed] Karin Branteström, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas, 2014, p. 27-36Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    I Döda fallets efterdyningar2007In: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundets årsbok, ISSN 02808692, Vol. 20, p. 59-74Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Inledning2008In: När dalen var röd och kusten blev hög / [ed] Erland Mårald, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2008, p. 8-12Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Jordens kretslopp: lantbruket, staden och den kemiska vetenskapen 1840-19102000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study of the institutionalization and professionalization of agricultural chemistry during the second half of the nineteenth century analyses the relationship between chemical theories and social issues, ideas and experience of recycling, the development of fertilizers, and industrialization of agriculture. The study mainly takes a history of science and environmental history perspective with focus on the Swedish case. It does, however, address the international context offering a historical perspective of issues such as the relationship between population and natural resources, the sustainability of society and connections between science, technology and nature.

    The center of this study consists of an analysis of the work of the following agricultural chemists employed by the Swedish Royal Agricultural Society, enumerated in chronological order: Alexander Müller, Carl Erik Bergstrand, and Lars Fredrik Nilson. Other actors, such as agriculturists, administrators and politicians, were also important in the formation of agricultural chemistry in Sweden. Changes of aims and agricultural chemical ideals during the period of study reflect changes in society and shifting ideologies. During the second half of the nineteenth century a national "agricultural scientific infrastructure" was erected with experimental stations, agricultural schools,

    local experimental fields and agrarian experts. This network constituted a basis for agricultural science in society and functioned as an important channel for the modernization of agriculture and society.

    With agricultural chemistry as an empirical point of departure, this thesis also analyzes the transformations of agriculture with the establishment of cultural, economical and physical links between agriculture and the surrounding world. Theories about chemical cycles promoted recycling of nutrition and other materials between the city and the countryside, thereby connecting agriculture to the city. The development of new mineral and nitrogenous fertilizers gradually involved an increased use of inorganic raw materials and energy to manufacture nutrition. This process resulted in the intertwining of agriculture, science, mining, industry and energy production and the creation of an agro- industrial network, which was crucial for the development of agriculture during the twentieth century. In this context, agricultural science legitimized the development toward resource intensive farming methods.

  • 22.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kamerajakt: hur det egentligen gick till när Stig Wesslén filmade vilda björnar2010In: Kamerajägaren: Stig Wessléns skildringar av naturen och det samiska / [ed] Erland Mårald och Christer Nordlund, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2010, 1100, p. 95-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Knowledge in the service of agriculture: Knowledge on the borderline between academe and farming2011In: Agriculture and forestry in Sweden since 1900: Geographical and historical studies / [ed] Hans Antonson and Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: The Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry , 2011, p. 93-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kunskap i jordbrukets tjänst: vetenskap på gränsen mellan akademi och lantbruk2011In: Jordbruk och skogsbruk i Sverige sedan år 1900: studier i de areella näringarnas geografi och historia / [ed] Hans Antonsson och Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbrukaakademien , 2011, p. 88-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Maria Frisk: Sju miljarder för sju minuter: planering, politik och hybridgeografi i tunnalbygget genom Hallandsåsen2009In: Svenska geografisk årsbok, ISSN 0081-9808, Vol. 85, p. 117-120Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Methanol as future fuel: efforts to develope alternative fuls in Sweden after the oil crisis2010In: History & Technology, ISSN 0734-1512, E-ISSN 1477-2620, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 335-357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 1973 Oil Crisis was a wake‐up call for Sweden. Sweden’s high reliance on foreign energy supply and the lack of domestic fossil energy sources hit private motoring hard. In the aftermath of the crisis, methanol was seen as a promising alternative fuel. This article analyzes how, who, and for what reasons methanol fuel was promoted in Sweden in the 1970s and early 1980s. Furthermore, the study places the efforts to establish methanol as fuel in an international framework and in the broader context of the Energy Program and the government’s objective to plan for a new energy future for Sweden. This article especially examines forecasting motor fuels and automobiles and how foresight was used in relation to the methanol campaign. The article argues that in the case of the Swedish methanol campaign the upcoming development in the energy sector was mostly described as smooth and calculable. Both the state and the industry planned for a post‐petroleum era, in which methanol fuel played a vital role. However, they were unwilling to take any decisive step until circumstances were right, but since circumstances never seemed appropriate, methanol as a fuel was always deferred to a distant future.

  • 27.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    När dalen var röd och kusten blev hög2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Om olösliga problem och betydelsen av idéhistoria2013In: Thule - Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundets årsbok, ISSN 0280-8692, Vol. 26, p. 13-28Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Organic farming2011In: Agriculture and forestry in Sweden since 1900: A cartographic description / [ed] Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2011, p. 96-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Our Finest Gold: Agrarian perspectives on urban technology from the mid-19th century to present-day ecocyclical society.2006In: Progress in Industrial Ecology: An International Journal, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 393-407Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Romarrikets fall som en miljöhistorisk grundberättelse2012In: Fortid, ISSN 1504-1913, E-ISSN 1891-1668, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 27-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandslån: Mellan urskogen och världen2008In: När dalen var röd och kusten blev hög / [ed] Erland Mårald, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2008, p. 79-102Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Svenska miljöbrott och miljöskandaler 1960-20002007Book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Synen på natur och miljö under den högindustriella epoken2008In: Industriland: tolv forskare om när Sverige blev modert / [ed] Jan af Geijerstam, Stockholm: Premiss förlag , 2008, p. 221-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The agrarian history of Sweden: from 4000 BC to AD 20002012In: Agricultural History, ISSN 0002-1482, E-ISSN 1533-8290, Vol. 86, no 3, p. 140-141Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Ambiguous Legacy of Agrarianism2013In: Philosophy & Technology, ISSN 2210-5433, E-ISSN 2210-5441, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 304-309Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vad är jord?: En relationshistoria2017In: Jord: mylla, mark och makt / [ed] Roland von Bothmer, Håkan Wallander och Sven-Olle R. Olsson, Lidingö: Fri tanke förlag , 2017, p. 13-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Langston, Nancy
    Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Changing ideas in forestry: A comparison of concepts in Swedish and American forestry journals during the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries2016In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, p. 74-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By combining digital humanities text-mining tools and a qualitative approach, we examine changing concepts in forestry journals in Sweden and the United States (US) in the early twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Our first hypothesis is that foresters at the beginning of the twentieth century were more concerned with production and less concerned with ecology than foresters at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Our second hypothesis is that US foresters in the early twentieth century were less concerned with local site conditions than Swedish foresters. We find that early foresters in both countries had broader—and often ecologically focused—concerns than hypothesized. Ecological concerns in the forestry literature have increased, but in the Nordic countries, production concerns have increased as well. In both regions and both time periods, timber management is closely connected to concerns about governance and state power, but the forms that governance takes have changed.

  • 39.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Förord2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, p. 7-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, ChristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kamerajägaren: Stig Wessléns skildringar av naturen och det samiska2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    L'environnement nordique: du mythe à la réalité2010In: Artnord, ISSN 1950-8123, no 10, p. 6-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Natur och miljö i nordisk kultur: några idéhistoriska nedslag2016In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 99, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do Swedes love and adore natural scenery, perhaps even more than other people do. In this essay, the authors argue that nature – and certain images of a typically Swedish nature – has indeed played a vital role in Swedish cultural history, especially since the end of the nineteenth century. However, this has not been the case due to some "inherent element" within the Swedish population but is rather a result of a "collective learning process" at the social level. According to the authors, this learning process was initially connected to nationalism, industrialisation and modernisation and has over time been driven, shaped and mediated by many different institutions and practices in society, such as natural science, landscape painting, wildlife tourism, winter sports, nature protection, literature, environmental politics and agencies, and eventually business and marketing. Furthermore, the authors discuss similarities as well as differences between the modern environmental history and view of nature in Sweden and the other Nordic countries. 

  • 43.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Nordlund, ChristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Annika, Nordin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sténs, Anna (Contributor)
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin (Contributor)
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika (Contributor)
    Kungl. Tekniska Högskolan, KTH.
    Johansson, Johanna (Contributor)
    Södertörns högskola.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H. (Contributor)
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Laudon, Hjalmar (Contributor)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Lidskog, Rolf (Contributor)
    Örebro universitet.
    Lämås, Tomas (Contributor)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Lundmark, Tomas (Contributor)
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Nilsson, Urban (Contributor)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Nordström, Eva-Maria (Contributor)
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel (Contributor)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sonesson, Johan (Contributor)
    Skogforsk.
    Forest governance and management across time: developing a new forest social contract2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of the past, and of the future on current-time tradeoffs in the forest arena are particularly relevant given the long-term successions in forest landscapes and the hundred years’ rotations in forestry. Historically established path dependencies and conflicts determine our present situation and delimit what is possible to achieve. Similarly, future trends and desires have a large influence on decision making. Nevertheless, decisions about forest governance and management are always made in the present – in the present-time appraisal of the developed situation, future alternatives and in negotiation between different perspectives, interests, and actors.

    This book explores historic and future outlooks as well as current tradeoffs and methods in forest governance and management. It emphasizes the generality and complexity with empirical data from Sweden and internationally. It first investigates, from a historical perspective, how previous forest policies and discourses have influenced current forest governance and management. Second, it considers methods to explore alternative forest futures and how the results from such investigations may influence the present. Third, it examines current methods of balancing tradeoffs in decision-making among ecosystem services. Based on the findings the authors develop an integrated approach – Reflexive Forestry – to support exchange of knowledge and understandings to enable capacity building and the establishment of common ground. Such societal agreements, or what the authors elaborate as forest social contracts, are sets of relational commitment between involved actors that may generate mutual action and a common directionality to meet contemporary challenges.

  • 45.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rist, Lucy
    Rosvall, Ola
    Samuelsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Idenfors, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Exploring the use of a dialogue process to tackle a complex and controversial issue in forest management2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 30, no 8, p. 749-756Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the use of a dialogue process to approach complex issues related to forest management. Aninterdisciplinary research team set up an experimental dialogue process concerning the use of introduced tree speciesin Southern Sweden for the purposes of climate change adaptation. The process involved stakeholders at a regionallevel, including those with divergent opinions regarding introduced tree species and their use in forestry. Through aprocess of repeated meetings and exchanges with researchers, the participant’s knowledge was deepened and grouprelationships developed such that the group was able to jointly formulate a set of policy recommendations. Theinvestigation revealed that dialogue processes may improve decision-making by identifying priorities for action orfurther research. However, when a collaborative process targets complex environmental issues on larger geographicaland temporal scales, as matters about forests typically do, a collaborative process must be integrated with externalactors and institutions in order to attain tangible outcomes. Consequently, to fully access the benefits of usingcollaborative processes to handle complex challenges in forest policy and management, the connections betweenpolitical sphere, the private sector, authorities and research institutions must be concretely established.

  • 46.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Westholm, Erik
    Changing Approaches to the Future in Swedish Forestry, 1850–20102016In: Nature and Culture, ISSN 1558-6073, E-ISSN 1558-5468, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the changing construction of the future in Swedish forestry since 1850. The framework is based on three concepts: (1) knowability, addressing changing views of knowledge; (2) governability, addressing changing views of the ability to steer the future; and (3) temporality, referring to varying ways of relating to time. The results reveal that until the 1980s, trust in science-based forestry triggered other knowledge-based activities, such as education, surveys, and field trials. The future was seen as predictable and forecasts were expected to support increased forest production. In the 1970s, the environmental debate about the forest incorporated a pluralistic futures agenda. High-production forestry using intensive management methods was questioned. Futures studies shifted focus from predictions to scenarios, highlighting a less predictable future open to human agency. Paradoxically, with increased knowledge of forest ecology and forest markets with improved modeling techniques, the future horizon shifted to one of risks and uncertainties.

  • 47.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Förord2010In: Kamerajägaren: Stig Wessléns skildringar av naturen och det samiska / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2010, 1, p. 7-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, ErlandUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Idéer och värderingar: Rapport från Future Forests 2009–20122014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Inledning2005In: Polhem: teknikhistorisk årsbok, Tema: Teknik och miljö / [ed] Anders Lundgren, Erland Mårald och Christer Nordlund, Uppsala: Svenska nationalkommittén för teknikhistoria , 2005, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Rosvall, Ola
    Forests, technoscience and the future: some thoughts about visions and challanges2012In: Being and acting in times of (un)certainty / [ed] Markus Nyström, Uppsala: Cemus , 2012, p. 85-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
12 1 - 50 of 53
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