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  • 1.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Cetrez, O.
    A psychosocial-, somatic- and existential health study among Assyrian-Syrian refugees in Istanbul- understanding resilience in the midst of hardship2016In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 85, p. 61-62Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Lilja, Aina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Department of Theology, Psychology of Religion and Cultural Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Mental Health Division, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Hamar, Norway.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Professionell Development.
    Forssén, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Experiences and explanations of mental ill health in a group of devout Christians from the ethnic majority population in secular Sweden: a qualitative study2016In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 10, article id e011647Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To explore existential meaning-making in an ethnic-majority subgroup with mental ill health and to increase knowledge about the importance of gaining access to such information in mental healthcare.

    DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and systematic text condensation analysis.

    PARTICIPANTS: 17 devote Christians with an ethnic-Swedish background, 12 women and 5 men, 30-73 years old, from different congregations across Sweden, having sought medical care for mental ill health of any kind.

    SETTING: The secular Swedish society.

    RESULTS: A living, although asymmetric, relationship with God often was seen as the most important relationship, giving hope and support when ill, but creating feelings of abandonment and fear if perceived as threatened. Symptoms were interpreted through an existential framework influenced by their view of God. A perceived judging God increased feelings of guilt, sinfulness and shame. A perceived merciful God soothed symptoms and promoted recovery. Existential consequences, such as being unable to pray or participate in congregational rituals, caused feelings of 'spiritual homelessness'. Participants gave biopsychosocial explanations of their mental ill health, consonant with and sometimes painfully conflicting with existential explanations, such as being attacked by demons. Three different patterns of interaction among biopsychosocial and existential dimensions in their explanatory systems of illness causation were identified: (a) comprehensive thinking and consensus; (b) division and parallel functions and (c) division and competitive functions.

    CONCLUSIONS: Prevailing medical models for understanding mental ill health do not include the individual's existential experiences, which are important for identifying risk and protective factors as well as possible resources for recovery. The various expressions of existential meaning-making identified in this devout religious subgroup illustrate that existential information cannot be generalised, even within a small, seemingly homogenous group. The three identified patterns of interactions formed a typology that may be of use in clinical settings.

  • 3. Lloyd, Christina Sophia
    et al.
    af Klinteberg, Britt
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Uppsala university, Sweden; Innlandet Hospital Trust, Norway.
    An Assessment of Existential Worldview Function among Young Women at Risk for Depression and Anxiety-A Multi-Method Study2017In: Archive for the Psychology of Religion/ Archiv für Religionspsychologie, ISSN 0084-6724, E-ISSN 1573-6121, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 165-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing rates of psychiatric problems like depression and anxiety among Swedish youth, predominantly among females, are considered a serious public mental health concern. Multiple studies confirm that psychological as well as existential vulnerability manifest in different ways for youths in Sweden. This multi-method study aimed at assessing existential worldview function by three factors: 1) existential worldview, 2) ontological security, and 3) self-concept, attempting to identify possible protective and risk factors for mental ill-health among female youths at risk for depression and anxiety. The sample comprised ten females on the waiting list at an outpatient psychotherapy clinic for teens and young adults. Results indicated that both functional and dysfunctional factors related to mental health were present, where the quality and availability of significant interpersonal relations seemed to have an important influence. Examples of both an impaired worldview function and a lack of an operating existential worldview were found. Psychotherapeutic implications are discussed.

  • 4. Melder, Cecilia
    et al.
    Santamäki Fischer, Regina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Åbo Akad Univ, Turku, Finland.
    Nygren, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Validating WHOQOL-SRPB in Sweden: instrument adaption for measuring existential aspects of health-related quality of life [HRQL] in secular contexts2016Conference paper (Refereed)
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