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  • 1.
    Alatalo, Marita
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Salmon angling as a resource in regional development in the Swedish counties Norrbotten and Västerbotten1998Inngår i: Recreational Fisheries: Social, Economic and Management Aspects / [ed] Phil Hickley and Helena Tompkins, Oxford: Fishing News Books Ltd , 1998, s. 142-149Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world, sportfishing for salmon is a major industry. Rivers attracting salmon anglers can make a big contribution to the local economy. As a result of exploitation and environmental impacts most of the approximately 70 former salmon rivers in the Baltic basin have been damaged and lost their spawning capacity. There is, however, a big potential for salmon angling in the remaining salmon rivers entering the Baltic sea, especially in the Swedish counties of Norrbotten and Västerbotten in north Sweden. The chapter aims to describe the effects of a possible future situation with full scale sportfishing for salmon in northern Sweden. An assessment was made of the aggregate economic effects based on the hypothetical future scenario taking into account the potential amount of salmon returning to the rivers included in our study. The economic estimate is based on a catch amounting to 300 tonnes per year. This return may support an angling activity with approximately 300 000 days in the whole region. Transformed into economic terms this could lead to a total economic impact of about SEK200 million per annum, economic multipliers included.

  • 2.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Case Vindel river area2014Inngår i: Through joy: Mapping sporty activities in Norway, Sweden and Finland with a view to enhancing regional attractiveness / [ed] Olli Rosenqvist, Kokkola: University of Jyväskylä, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius , 2014, s. 46-64Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    En ny löparvåg i väntan på nästa Vindelälvslopp?2012Inngår i: Västerbottens Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Fritidsfiskets ekonomi och rekreationsvärde - exempel lax2001Inngår i: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademiens Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5350, Vol. 140, nr 10, s. 89-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Geografiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Kanada en kontrapunkt på den nordamerikanska kontinenten: några iakttagelser rörande sociostrukturell karaktäristik och kriminalitet1993Inngår i: Den vet som vida färdas: reserapport från en kulturgeografisk exkursion i Kanada våren 1993 / [ed] Lars-Erik Borgegård, Umeå, 1993, s. 255-276Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Kriminalitet och bostadsbyten1995Inngår i: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 0346-6566, nr 5, s. 24-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Löparvågen och dess västerbottniska exponent Vindelälvsloppet2010Inngår i: Idrott Historia & Samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, s. 67-83Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Löpningens masstävlingar: en del av den växande sportturismen2011Inngår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 69, nr 2, s. 94-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Moldau - ett stycke musik och en flod mitt i Europa2010Inngår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, nr 1, s. 35-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The spawning salmon as a resource by recreational use : the case of the wild Baltic salmon and conditions for angling in north Swedish rivers2001Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to analyse the preconditions for increasedsalmon angling in the remaining wild salmon rivers in Upper Norrland in northernSweden, as well as to evaluate the present and possible future impacts on the localeconomy. It includes the identification of the internal and external conditions, in what ishere called the Salmon Utilisation Landscape, that influence the present use as well asfuture development of the Baltic salmon as a resource in angling. The empirical materialsderive from two mail surveys, 1) a survey of anglers in the River Byske and 2) a jointNordic survey on the economic value of recreational fishing.Interest in recreational fishing is widespread in Sweden. About 35 % of adultSwedes fish for recreation. Recreational fishery and angling can be seen as one expressionof the urbanised society's need for contact with nature and outdoor recreation. Salmonangling is one part of recreational fishery. Salmon are considered by many to be the 'biggame' of angling. Salmon anglers are often the most devoted kind of anglers, investingconsiderable resources into this leisure activity. The subgroup of Swedish salmon anglingspecialists is estimated at 10-30,000 persons. The wider category of Active River anglersconsists of approximately 170,000 persons.Salmon fishing in the River Byske has turned out to be representative of salmonangling in Upper Norrland, comparable with other high-class Scandinavian salmon rivers.The growing proportion of remote anglers in the 1990s indicates that the Byske hasbecome a rather specialised angling water. The groups of Fishing tourists and Home fishersmake up two distinctive categories. Fishing tourists fish more intensively, have higher dailyexpenditures and show higher consumer surplus. They fish the river almost entirely forsalmon in. On the other hand, Home fishers to a large extent claim the right to fish fordecent prices and without any particular restrictions. During the 1990s, the average annualincome to the local economy of Byske river valley derived from salmon angling fishingtourism was about 850,000 SEK.Many river habitats have been depleted during the 20th century and many salmonstocks were exterminated by severe degeneration factors linked to industrialisation. To thisis added the over-fishing on wild stocks of salmon and the mortality syndrome, M74. Theavailable estimates of the potential production of wild salmon smolt in Upper Norrlandaggregates close to 1.2 million. This can be converted to an angling activity of some250,000 fishing days.On the basis of the prevailing cost level, the potential angling activity in UpperNorrland would amount to a direct annual turnover of 75 million SEK, however theimpact caused by fishing tourism is likely to remain within the interval of 10 - 30 millionSEK. The Active River anglers' average willingness to pay for annual access to a salmon andsea trout scenario was 1,100 SEK per capita. There is a widespread attitude among manyanglers that fishing should be accessible for all and prices should be kept low. In theNordic context such opinions are especially evident among Swedish anglers in general, butless frequent among devoted salmon anglers.

  • 11.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Vindelälvsloppet: en avspegling av löparvågen2008Inngår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 17, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Vindelälvsloppets uppgång och fall : vad lagledarna tycker i efterhand, en webbaserad enkätstudie2012Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Alatalo, Marita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Wild Swedish salmon: A regional development resource through recreational use?1998Inngår i: Northern waters: Management issues and practice / [ed] David Symes, Oxford: Fishing News Books , 1998, s. 164-174Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    National Board of Fisheries, Sweden.
    Weissglas, Gösta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Regional patterns in Swedish recreational fisheries2003Inngår i: Regional Experiences for Global Solutions / [ed] APM Coleman, Darwin, 2003, s. 39-42Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in Sweden, as in the other Nordic countries, for recreational fishing is widespread. About 35 % of adult Swedes fish for recreation. However, different regional patterns are evident concerning participation, attitudes towards the use of national resources and willingness-to-pay (WTP) for access to recreational fishing. One factor is to be found in the regional differences within Sweden: the population found in rural areas is generally more interested in fishing than people in urban areas. The recreational fishermen in the peripheral areas have, on the other hand, lower relative WTP for their fishing.

    Swedish recreational fisheries is based on roughly 10-20 % of the overall Swedish catch, while the yearly expenditure by recreational fishermen is about three times larger than the value derived from the commercial fisheries in Sweden. In a recent public survey, preservation and environmental issues concerning the overall fish stock was stressed, with the proposition of a general fishing fee in Sweden (long present in the other Nordic countries). The paper is based mainly on analysis of the Swedish component of a large Nordic survey. A comparison is also made with contemporary material from the official Swedish survey on recreational fisheries.

  • 15. Rosenquist, Olli
    et al.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Dale, Brigt
    Mapping sporty activities for the benefit of regional attractiveness2014Inngår i: Through joy: mapping sporty activities in Norway, Sweden and Finland with a view to enhancing regional attractiveness / [ed] Olli Rosenqvist, Kokkola, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius , 2014, , s. 98s. 9-23Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16. Rosenqvist, Olli
    et al.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Dale, Brigt
    Getting ready for the development phase of the Through-joy project2014Inngår i: Through joy: mapping sporty activities in Norway, Sweden and Finland with a view to enhancing regional attractiveness / [ed] Olli Rosenqvist, Kokkola: University of Jyväskylä, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius , 2014, s. 88-93Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Roth, E.
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.
    Toivonen, A. L.
    Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
    Navrud, S.
    Agricultural University of Norway, Ås, Norway.
    Bengtsson, B.
    National Board of Fisheries, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Gudbergsson, G.
    Institute of Freshwater Fisheries, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Tuunainen, P.
    Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
    Appelblad, H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Weissglas, G.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Methodological, conceptual and sampling practices in surveying recreational fisheries in the Nordic countries: experiences of a valuation survey2001Inngår i: Fisheries Management and Ecology, ISSN 0969-997X, E-ISSN 1365-2400, Vol. 8, nr 4-5, s. 355-367Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The planning and initial phases of a joint Nordic project for the valuation of recreational fisheries is described. The conomic value of recreational fisheries was taken to include non-market value as well as the traditional market value. The design of the survey was similar for each country so as to facilitate future comparison. However, initially there were difficulties in defining categories of recreational fishermen in the different countries. Other background information also had to be adapted to national circumstances. National population registers were used as the sampling frames. The effect of this on the response from a valuation survey is discussed. Accessibility to population register data varies by country and so do possibilities for random sampling. Legal constrains were faced when implementing a centralised mailing system.

  • 18.
    Toivonen, A. -L.
    et al.
    Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
    Roth, E.
    Department of Environmental and Business Economics, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.
    Navrud, S.
    Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Agricultural University of Norway, Ås, Norway.
    Gudbergsson, G.
    Institute of Freshwater Fisheries, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Appelblad, H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bengtsson, B.
    National Board of Fisheries, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tuunainen, P.
    Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
    The economic value of recreational fisheries in Nordic countries2004Inngår i: Fisheries Management and Ecology, ISSN 0969-997X, E-ISSN 1365-2400, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Recreational fishing, wether free or at cost, has an economic value. This value was measured in five Nordic countries based on a contingent valuation mail survey. Regression models were used to identify demographic characteristics, types of fishing patterns and differences in the countries' mangement regimes that can explain both actual fishing expenditure and willingness to pay for the non-market benefits by persons participating in fishing or enjoying the benefits derived by it. Net benefit, i.e. willingness to pay over and above actual expenditure was highest amongst those fishing. In Denmark, the small number of generalist fishermen get the highest benefit. In Finland results are mixed but sports fishermen benefit on average even more than generalists. Urban sports fishing raises the highest benefit in Iceland while in Norway the benefit is more equally spread, with occasional anglers and woman reaping the least. In Sweden the mean benefit is the lowest in the Nordic countries but evenly distributed among categories of fishermen. In the Nordic countries combined, nationality explains willingness to pay as being Norwegian or Finnish increases benefit and being Icelandic reduces it. The non-use value of recreational fisheries was elicited through posing questions on willingness to pay for the preservation of the existence of current fish stocks and current quality of recreational fishing to persons participating in fishing or enjoying the benefits derived from it. For those not fishing or people in general, the power of the models to explain willingness to pay for the existence of recreational fisheries was very weak. The benefit, i.e. willingness to pay, is higher if somebody in the houshold fishes. Educated, young, urban, well-off citizens also put value on the non-use of the resource.

  • 19.
    Weissglas, Gösta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Alatalo, Marita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lax i strida strömmar: Sportfisket som regional utvecklingsresurs1996Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world, sportfishing of salmon is a big industry, examples of which are found in Norway, Iceland, Scotland, Russia, Canada, etc. As shown in many investigations, anglers are willing to spend a lot of time and money on this activity. In Sweden however, there are currently only a few waters with fully developed salmon and sea trout sportfishing i.e. Mörrumsån and Emån in southern Sweden. This study aims to describe the effects of an alternative way to use a nature resource - a future situation with a full scale sportfishing of salmon in northern Sweden. The areas of study are the two northernmost counties in Sweden: Norrbotten and Västerbotten. In this region we find 14 of the about 25 remaining river systems around the Baltic sea which still hold naturally reproducing salmon. As a result of waterpower exploitation and environmental hazards most of the around 70 former salmon rivers which contribute to the water of the Baltic basin are no longer salmon producing. From the remaining rivers in northern Sweden the contemporary catch by anglers is very low. During the last few years it was much less than 1 per cent of the total catch. Most salmons are instead caught by commercial fisheries in the southern part of the Baltic sea. It is estimated that the potential resource of wild salmon in the area studied could support an angling activity up to approx. 300 000 days. This, in return, could, by expenditures at the local level, lead to a total economic impact of about 200 million SEK per annum. Just from the river Byske alone, the economic impact could, according to an optimistic estimate, amount to 25 million SEK. Sportfishing is an important leisure activity for many people in Sweden. It is estimated that there are 40 000 anglers directly oriented towards salmon fishing. Furthermore, there is an additional number of Swedes who are likely to participate in this "big game" fishing. Moreover, there are many residents of neighbouring countries who are active anglers. Therefore the total number of potential anglers is considered to be sufficient for the number of salmon fishing days offered.

  • 20.
    Weissglas, Gösta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Wild-spawning Baltic Salmon - A Natural Resource Redefined:: From Food To Toys For ”Boys"?1997Inngår i: Socio-economics of recreational fishery / [ed] Toivonen A-L and Tuunainen P, Copenhagen, 1997, s. 89-95Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    For many years the wild-spawning Baltic salmon has been in focus as a resource- management problem. A conflict is growing based on the fact that the salmon resource is diminishing while the societal structures such as coast fisheries, organizations, individual fishing enterprises and the leisure interests are calling for a totally different utilization of the salmon resource. Today the political and economic structures set the rules for the management. These structures are normally developing with a heavy inertia - the demands in society are in many aspects well ahead of the structural setting. In many senses this is obviously also true in regard to the Baltic salmon.

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