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  • 1. Afif, Haitham
    et al.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Hospital.
    Sjödén, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Hospital.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Hospital.
    Do bisphosphonate-related atypical femoral fractures and osteonecrosis of the jaw affect the same group of patients?: a pilot study2014In: Orthopedic Reviews, ISSN 2035-8237, E-ISSN 2035-8164, Vol. 6, article id 5067Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bisphosphonates (BPs) are commonly used drugs in clinical practice. In this pilot study, we investigated whether bisphosphonate-related atypical femoral fractures (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) occurred simultaneously in the same group of patients. Six ONJ patients were examined by an orthopedic surgeon and 5 AFF patients were examined by a dentist to look for manifestations of simultaneous occurrence of AFF in ONJ patients and vice versa. The required radiological investigations and previous medical and dental records were available. No simultaneous occurrence of AFF and ONJ was found in the examined patients. In this pilot study with limited sample size, no manifestations of simultaneous occurrence of AFF and ONJ were found. This could be an indication that these complications have different pathophysiologies and affect different subgroups of patients on long-term BP treatment.

  • 2. Agren, Per-Henrik
    et al.
    Tullberg, Tycho
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Wretenberg, Per
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Post-traumatic in situ fusion after calcaneal fractures: A retrospective study with 7-28 years follow-up2015In: Foot and Ankle Surgery, ISSN 1268-7731, E-ISSN 1460-9584, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 56-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In situ fusion as salvage operation after calcaneal fractures has been used. In this retrospective investigation, a group of in situ fused patients is analyzed with long-term follow-up.

    Methods: Twenty-nine patients with in situ single or multiple fusions performed between 1970 and 1990 were included. In 1998 these patients were examined with plain radiographs and computerized tomography (CT) scan of the affected foot. Also, a visual analogue score (VAS) for calcaneal fractures, short form health survey (SF-36), Olerud Molander score and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle society (AOFAS) hindfoot score were evaluated.

    Results: The plain radiographs and CT scan showed severe remaining deformities in these patients. The outcome parameters were generally poor and correlated to the degree of remaining deformity.

    Conclusions: Simple in situ fusion, without consideration of the deformity at hand, after a calcaneal fracture is not an adequate treatment and generally associated with poor outcome. (C) 2014 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 3. Bergkvist, Magnus
    et al.
    Mukka, Sebastian S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Johansson, Lars
    Ahl, Torbjorn E.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Skoldenberg, Olof G.
    Eisler, Thomas
    Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention in early periprosthetic joint infection2016In: HIP International, ISSN 1120-7000, E-ISSN 1724-6067, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 138-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication in hip arthroplasty surgery. Debridement, antibiotics (AB) and implant retention (DAIR) is recommended in early PJI in association with stable implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success rate of DAIR in early PJI (<4 weeks) and to identify factors predicting the outcome. Methods: This cohort study included a consecutive series of 35 patients (median age 74 years, 25 women, 26 primary arthroplasties) treated with DAIR for an early PJI in a regional hospital. Results: 28 patients (80%) had their infection eradicated. DAIR-only eradicated the PJI in 22 (63%) patients with a median follow-up of 50 (24-84) months. In 17 (49%) patients, oral AB had been given prior to intraoperative cultures, which delayed first debridement with average 6 days and delayed hospital stay. Primary surgery for a hip fracture increased the risk of DAIR-failure. Surgical experience did not affect the outcome. 17% (n = 6) of the patients sustained a secondary infection during their hospital stay; the majority was beta-lactam resistant coagulase negative Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusions: The success rate of DAIR was inferior to pervious controls from experienced revision centers. Hip fracture patients should be informed about the increased risk of DAIR treatment failure. In order not to delay surgery, empirically based oral AB should not be administered prior to deep cultures.

  • 4. Brodén, Cyrus
    et al.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Department of Orthopedics, Sundsvall Hospital, Sundsvall.
    Muren, Olle
    Eisler, Thomas
    Boden, Henrik
    Stark, André
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    High risk of early periprosthetic fractures after primary hip arthroplasty in elderly patients using a cemented, tapered, polished stem: an observational, prospective cohort study on 1,403 hips with 47 fractures after mean follow-up time of 4 years2015In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 86, no 2, p. 169-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose - Postoperative periprosthetic femoral fracture (PPF) after hip arthroplasty is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. We assessed the incidence and characteristics of periprosthetic fractures in a consecutive cohort of elderly patients treated with a cemented, collarless, polished and tapered femoral stem (CPT). Patients and methods - In this single-center prospective cohort study, we included 1,403 hips in 1,357 patients (mean age 82 (range 52-102) years, 72% women) with primary osteoarthritis (OA) or a femoral neck fracture (FNF) as indication for surgery (367 hips and 1,036 hips, respectively). 64% of patients were ASA class 3 or 4. Hip-related complications and need for repeat surgery were assessed at a mean follow-up time of 4 (1-7) years. A Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate risk factors associated with PPF. Results - 47 hips (3.3%) sustained a periprosthetic fracture at median 7 (2-79) months postoperatively; 41 were comminute Vancouver B2 or complex C-type fractures. The fracture rate was 3.8% for FNF patients and 2.2% for OA patients (hazard ratio (HR) = 4; 95% CI: 1.3-12). Patients > 80 years of age also had a higher risk of fracture (HR = 2; 95% CI: 1.1-4.5). Interpretation - We found a high incidence of early PPF associated with the CPT stem in this old and frail patient group. A possible explanation may be that the polished tapered stem acts as a wedge, splitting the femur after a direct hip contusion. Our results should be confirmed in larger, registry-based studies, but we advise caution when using this stem for this particular patient group.

  • 5. Chammout, Ghazi
    et al.
    Kelly-Pettersson, Paula
    Hedbeck, Carl-Johan
    Stark, André
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    HOPE-Trial: Hemiarthroplasty Compared with Total Hip Arthroplasty for Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures in Octogenarians: A Randomized Controlled Trial2019In: JBJS Open Access, E-ISSN 2472-7245, Vol. 4, no 2, article id e0059Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The choice of primary hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty in patients ≥80 years of age with a displaced femoral neck fracture has not been adequately studied. As the number of healthy, elderly patients ≥80 years of ageis continually increasing, optimizing treatments for improving outcomes and reducing the need for secondary surgery is an important consideration. The aim of the present study was to compare the results of hemiarthroplasty with those of totalhip arthroplasty in patients ≥80 years of age.

    Methods: This prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial included 120 patients with a mean age of 86 years (range, 80 to 94 years) who had sustained an acute displaced femoral neck fracture <36 hours previously. The patients were randomized to treatment with hemiarthroplasty (n = 60) or total hip arthroplasty (n = 60). The primary end points were hip function and health-related quality of life at 2 years. Secondary end points included hip-related complications and reoperations, mortality, pain in the involved hip, activities of daily living, surgical time, blood loss, and general complications.The patients were reviewed at 3 months and 1 and 2 years.

    Results: We found no differences between the groups in terms of hip function, health-related quality of life, hip-related complications and reoperations, activities of daily living, or pain in the involved hip. Hip function, activities of daily living,and pain in the involved hip deteriorated in both groups compared with pre-fracture values. The ability to regain previous walking function was similar in both groups.

    Conclusions: We found no difference in outcomes after treatment with either hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty inactive octogenarians and nonagenarians with a displaced femoral neck fracture up to 2 years after surgery. Hemiarthroplastyis a suitable procedure in the short term for this group of patients.

    Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  • 6. Chammout, Ghazi Khalil
    et al.
    Mukka, Sebastian Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Carlsson, Thomas
    Danderyds sjukhus.
    Neander, Gustaf Fredrik
    Stark, André Wilhelm Helge
    Sköldenberg, Olof Gustaf
    Total hip replacement versus open reduction and internal fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures: a randomized long-term follow-up study2012In: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 94, no 21, p. 1921-1928Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Clinical trials with short and intermediate-term follow-up have demonstrated superior results for total hip replacement as compared with internal fixation with regard to hip function and the need for secondary surgery in elderly patients with a displaced intracapsular femoral neck fracture. The aim of the present study was to compare the results of total hip replacement with those of internal fixation over a long-term follow-up period of seventeen years.

    Methods: We enrolled 100 patients who had sustained a femoral neck fracture in a single-center, randomized controlled trial; all patients had had a healthy hip before the injury. The study group included seventy-nine women and twenty-one men with a mean age of seventy-eight years (range, sixty-five to ninety years). The subjects were randomly assigned to either total hip replacement (the arthroplasty group) (n = 43) or internal fixation (the control group) (n = 57). The primary end point was hip function, evaluated with use of the Harris hip score. Secondary end points included mortality, reoperations, gait speed, and activities of daily life. Follow-up evaluations were performed at threemonths and at one, two, four, eleven, and seventeen years.

    Results: The Harris hip score was higher in the total hip arthroplasty group, with a mean difference of 14.7 points (95% confidence interval, 9.2 to 20.1 points; p < 0.001 [analysis of covariance]) during the study period. We found no difference in mortality between the two groups. Four patients (9%) in the total hip replacement group and twenty-two patients (39%) in the internal fixation group had undergone a major reoperation (relative risk, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.09 to 0.64). The overall reoperation rate was 23% (ten of forty-three) in the total hip replacement group and 53% (thirty of fifty-seven) in the internal fixation group (relative risk, 0.44; 95% confidence interval, 0.24 to 0.80). The results related to gait speed and activities of daily living favored the arthroplasty group during the first year.

    Conclusions: Over a period of seventeen years in a group of healthy, elderly patients with a displaced femoral neck fracture, total hip replacement provided better hip function and significantly fewer reoperations compared with internal fixation without increasing mortality.

  • 7.
    Farhang, Mehdy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Bergström, Ulrica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Svensson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    The trend of radiological severity of hip fractures over a 30 years period: a cohort study2019In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite advances in operative techniques and preoperative care, proximal femur fractures (PFF) still represent a great public health problem. Displacement and fracture stability have been assumed as important determinants of treatment modality and outcome in such fractures. Purpose of this study was to determine whether the radiological severity of PFF fractures has increased over time.

    METHODS: In a cohort study, the plain radiographs of all patients with PFF aged over 50 years who were admitted to Umeå University Hospital in 1981/82, 2002 and 2012 were recruited to examine the types of fractures.

    RESULTS: The ratio of undisplaced to displaced femoral neck (FN) fractures was 30 to 70% in 1981/82, 28 to 72% in 2002 and 25 to 75% in 2012. The ratio of stable to unstable intertrochanteric (IT) fractures was 64 to 36% in 1981/82, 68 to 32% in 2002 and 75 to 25% in 2012. The ratio of simple to comminute subtrochanteric fractures was 35 to 65% in 1981/82, 16 to 84% in 2002 and 12 to 88% in 2012. In both FN and IT fractures we found no statistical difference among these 3 study periods, p = 0.67 and p = 0.40. In subtrochanteric fractures we saw a tendency towards more comminute subtrochanteric fractures (1981/82 to 2012), p = 0.09.

    CONCLUSIONS: We found no significant increment in the radiological severity of FN and IT over a 30 years' period. However, there was tendency towards an increase in comminute subtrochanteric fractures.

  • 8.
    Hashem, Ali
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Al-Azzawi, Ammar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Riyadh, Hasan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Cementless, modular, distally fixed stem in hip revision arthroplasty: a single-center study of 132 consecutive hips2018In: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology, ISSN 1633-8065, E-ISSN 1432-1068, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 45-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The use of cementless, modular, distally fixed stem in hip revision arthroplasty has increased during the last decades. We aimed to analyze the early and late postoperative complications, re-operation rate, and survival rate of the MP stem operated at our county hospital with relatively limited caseload.

    METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included 132 hips operated with MP stem between January 2007-2014. An independent observer reviewed patients' medical records in July 2015 (18-102 months postoperatively, median 52.5) to collect the following data: age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, body mass index, indication of revision, type of operation, early and late complications, re-operation rate, and mortality during study period.

    RESULTS: The commonest indication for MP stem operation was aseptic loosening (72%). We found early and late postoperative complications in 29% of cases. The most common complication was prosthetic dislocation (8%), followed by intra-operative peri-prosthetic fracture (5%). The commonest indication for MP re-operation was soft tissue revision for infection (7%) followed by closed reduction for prosthetic dislocation (6%). We found no correlation between the age, sex, ASA class, and type of operation and the re-operation risk. Only one prosthesis was extracted giving a survival rate for 99% for the study period.

    CONCLUSION: This study showed good results of the MP prosthesis with reasonable complication and re-operation rates and negligible extraction rate, indicating the good performance of this implant even when used in the setting of a county hospital with limited caseload.

  • 9.
    Kadum, Bakir
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Teaching Hosp, Dept Orthopaed, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Teaching Hosp, Dept Orthopaed, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Englund, Erling
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Teaching Hosp, Dept Orthopaed, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Sjöden, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Teaching Hosp, Dept Orthopaed, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Clinical and radiological outcome of the Total Evolutive Shoulder System (TESSA (R)) reverse shoulder arthroplasty: a prospective comparative non-randomised study2014In: International Orthopaedics, ISSN 0341-2695, E-ISSN 1432-5195, Vol. 38, no 5, p. 1001-1006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The aims of this study were to assess the function and quality of life after the Total Evolutive Shoulder System (TESS) reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA), to evaluate the radiological stability of the stemless version and to address the effect of arm lengthening and scapular notching (SN) on the outcome. Methods This was a prospective comparative non-randomised study. A total of 37 consecutive patients (40 shoulders) underwent TESS RSA between October 2007 and January 2012; 16 were stemless and 26 were stemmed. At a mean follow-up of 39 months (15-66), we evaluated range of motion (ROM), pain and functional outcome with QuickDASH and quality of life with EQ-5D score. Radiologically, component positioning, signs of loosening, SN and arm length difference were documented. Results We found a significant improvement in functional outcome and reduction of pain in both stemmed and stemless groups. No humeral loosening was evident, but there were four glenoid loosenings. In 12 shoulders that developed SN, seven already had scapular bone impression (SBI) evident on initial post-operative radiographs. Glenoid overhang seemed to decrease the risk of SN. Arm lengthening was associated with better EQ-5D but did not influence ROM or functional outcome. Conclusions Reverse shoulder arthroplasty markedly improved shoulder function. SN is of concern in RSA, but proper positioning of the glenoid component may prevent its development.

  • 10.
    Knutsson, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Wahlström, Jens
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    The association between tobacco smoking and surgical intervention for lumbar spinal stenosis: cohort study of 331,941 workers2018In: The spine journal, ISSN 1529-9430, E-ISSN 1878-1632, Vol. 18, no 8, p. 1313-1317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Tobacco smoking is an injurious habit associated with a number of chronic disorders. Its influence on disc metabolism and degeneration including lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been investigated in the literature.

    PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate whether tobacco smoking is an independent risk factor for undergoing surgical intervention for LSS.

    STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This is a prospective cohort study.

    PATIENT SAMPLE: The patient sample of 331,941 workers was derived from a Swedish nationwide occupational surveillance program for construction workers.

    OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome measure included the incidence of undergoing surgical intervention for LSS in tobacco smokers versus no smokers.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: At inclusion, age, sex, body mass index (BMI), workers' job title, and self-reported smoking habits were registered. The workers were divided into four categories: never smoked, former smoker, moderate current (1-14 cigarettes/day), and heavy current (≥15 cigarettes/day). Patients who underwent a surgically treated LSS were defined using the relevant International Classification of Diseases (ICD) disease code derived from the Swedish National Patient Register.

    RESULTS: A total of 331,941 participants were included in the analysis. Forty-four percent of the participants were non-smokers, 16% were former smokers, 26% were moderate smokers, and 14% were heavy smokers. The vast majority of construction workers were males (95%). During the average follow-up of 30.7 years, 1,623 participants were surgically treated for LSS. The incidence rate ratio (IRRs) of LSS varied across smoking categories, with the highest values found in heavy smokers. Compared with non-smokers, all smoking categories show an increased incidence of surgically treated LSS. The findings were consistent even when the comparison was performed for participants with BMIs between 18.5 and 25 and for participants aged between 40 and 74 years.

    CONCLUSIONS: Tobacco smoking is associated with an increased incidence of surgically treated LSS. The effect seems to be dose related, whereby heavy smokers have a higher risk than moderate or former smokers.

  • 11.
    Mahmood, Sarwar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences. Sundsvall and Norrland University Hospitals.
    Mukka, Sebastian S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences. Sundsvall and Norrland University Hospitals.
    Crnalic, Sead
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences. Sundsvall and Norrland University Hospitals.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences. Sundsvall and Norrland University Hospitals.
    The Influence of Leg Length Discrepancy after Total Hip Arthroplasty on Function and Quality of Life: a Prospective Cohort Study2015In: The Journal of Arthroplasty, ISSN 0883-5403, E-ISSN 1532-8406, Vol. 30, no 9, p. 1638-1642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated whether patients with lengthening (> 9 mm), restoration (between 9 mm lengthening and 5 mm shortening) or shortening (> 5 mm) of the operated leg after total hip arthroplasty (THA) had different function (WOMAC score), quality of life (EQ-5D), residual hip pain, use of shoe lift and walking aid and leg length discrepancy (LLD) awareness, 12-15 months postoperatively. All patients had a significant postoperative improvement in WOMAC and EQ-5D regardless the LLD. However, the lengthening group showed less improvement in WOMAC, more use of shoe lift, residual hip pain and LLD awareness compared with the other two groups. No differences in EQ-5D were found. In spite of the improvement in function and quality of life, lengthening had adverse effects and should therefore be avoided.

  • 12.
    Mahmood, Sarwar S
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Al-Amiry, Bariq
    Department of Radiology, Karolinska University Hospital-Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mukka, Sebastian S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences. Sundsvall and Norrland University Hospitals.
    Baea, Saida
    Department of Radiology, Sundsvall Teaching Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences. Department of Orthopaedics, Sundsvall Teaching Hospital, Sundsvall, Sweden .
    Validity, reliability and reproducibility of plain radiographic measurements after total hip arthroplasty2015In: Skeletal Radiology, ISSN 0364-2348, E-ISSN 1432-2161, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 345-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In total hip arthroplasty (THA), radiographic preoperative planning and postoperative evaluation of acetabular component, femoral offset (FO) and leg length discrepancy (LLD) require good validity, interobserver reliability and intraobserver reproducibility. In this study, we evaluated the validity of the Sundsvall method of FO measurement and the interobserver reliability and intraobserver reproducibility of measurement of FO, LLD, acetabular cup inclination and anteversion. Ninety patients with primary unilateral osteoarthritis (OA) were included in this prospective study. On postoperative radiographs FO by the Sundsvall method (femoral axis-pelvic midline), FO by a standard method (femoral axis-hip rotational centre-teardrop point), LLD (inter-teardrop line-lesser trochanter), acetabular cup inclination (on AP view the angle between the cup rim and transischial line) and anteversion (on lateral view the angle between the face of acetabulum and a line perpendicular to the horizontal plane) were measured. The interobserver reliability and intraobserver reproducibility were calculated for three independent observers. The concurrent validity and degree of prediction of the Sundsvall method are measured by comparing its results with the standard method. The interobserver reliability of all measurements was excellent (ICC > 0.80), except for LLD, which was substantial (ICC = 0.79). The intraobserver reproducibility of all measurements was excellent (ICC > 0.80). The concurrent validity of the Sundsvall method compared to the standard method was good with a positive correlation. The Sundsvall method is as reliable as the standard method. The evaluated radiographic measurement methods have the required validity and reliability to be used in clinical practice.

  • 13.
    Mahmood, Sarwar S.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall and Norrland University Hospitals.
    Crnalic, Sead
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Wretenberg, Per
    Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall and Norrland University Hospitals.
    Association between changes in global femoral offset after total hip arthroplasty and function, quality of life, and abductor muscle strength: A prospective cohort study of 222 patients2016In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 36-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose - There is no consensus on the association between global femoral offset (FO) and outcome after total hip arthroplasty (THA). We assessed the association between FO and patients? reported hip function, quality of life, and abductor muscle strength.

    Patients and methods - We included 250 patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis who underwent a THA. Before the operation, the patient?s reported hip function was evaluated with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index and quality of life was evaluated with EQ-5D. At 1-year follow-up, the same scores and also hip abductor muscle strength were measured. 222 patients were available for follow-up. These patients were divided into 3 groups according to the postoperative global FO of the operated hip compared to the contralateral hip, as measured on plain radiographs: the decreased FO group (more than 5 mm reduction), the restored FO group (within 5 mm restoration), and the increased FO group (more than 5 mm increment).

    Results - All 3 groups improved (p < 0.001). The crude results showed that the decreased FO group had a worse WOMAC index, less abductor muscle strength, and more use of walking aids. When we adjusted these results with possible confounding factors, only global FO reduction was statistically significantly associated with reduced abductor muscle strength. The incidence of residual hip pain and analgesics use was similar in the 3 groups.

    Interpretation - A reduction in global FO of more than 5 mm after THA appears to have a negative association with abductor muscle strength of the operated hip, and should therefore be avoided.

  • 14.
    Mellner, Carl
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Hand Surgery.
    Eisler, Thomas
    Börsbo, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Brodén, Cyrus
    Morberg, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    The Sernbo score predicts 1-year mortality after displaced femoral neck fractures treated with a hip arthroplasty2017In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 88, no 4, p. 402-406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose - Displaced femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are associated with high rates of mortality during the first postoperative year. The Sernbo score (based on age, habitat, mobility, and mental state) can be used to stratify patients into groups with different 1-year mortality. We assessed this predictive ability in patients with a displaced FNF treated with a hemiarthroplasty or a total hip arthroplasty. Patients and methods - 292 patients (median age 83 (65-99) years, 68% female) with a displaced FNF were included in this prospective cohort study. To predict 1-year mortality, we used a multivariate logistic regression analysis including comorbidities and perioperative management. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the predictive ability of the Sernbo score, which was subsequently divided in a new manner into a low, intermediate, or high risk of death during the first year. Results - At 1-year follow-up, the overall mortality rate was 24%, and in Sernbo's low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups it was 5%, 22%, and 51%, respectively. The Sernbo score was the only statistically significant predictor of 1-year mortality: odds ratio for the intermediate-risk group was 4.2 (95% Cl: 1.5-12) and for the high-risk group it was 15 (95% CI: 5-40). The ROC analysis showed a fair predictive ability of the Sernbo score, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.79 (95% CI: 0.73-0.83). Using a cutoff of less than 11 points on the score gave a sensitivity of 61% and a specificity of 83%. Interpretation - The Sernbo score identifies patients who are at high risk of dying in the first postoperative year. This scoring system could be used to better tailor perioperative care and treatment in patients with displaced FNF.

  • 15.
    Mellner, Carl
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Eisler, Thomas
    Knutsson, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Early periprosthetic joint infection and debridement, antibiotics and implant retention in arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture2017In: HIP International, ISSN 1120-7000, E-ISSN 1724-6067, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 349-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication of hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures (FNF). Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) is recommended in early PJI in association with stable implants. Few studies have evaluated the outcome of DAIR in this fragile population.The purpose of this study was to analyse risk factors for PJI and the short-term outcome of DAIR in FNF patients treated with a hip arthroplasty.

    METHODS: A consecutive series of 736 patients (median age 81 years, 490 women, 246 men) had been treated with either a total hip arthroplasty or a hemi hip arthroplasty for a displaced FNF at our institution. 33 (4.5%) of the hips developed an early (&lt;6 weeks post operatively) PJI and 28 (3.8%) of these patients were treated according to the DAIR-protocol. Regression analyses were performed to assess risk factors for developing a PJI.

    RESULTS: DAIR eradicated the PJI in 82% (23/28) of patients at a median follow-up of 31 (SD 29.8) months of the infected hips.The logistic regression analysis indicated that 2 or more changes of the primary dressing due to wound bleeding was associated with an increased risk for developing PJI (OR 4.9, 95% 1.5 to 16.1, p = 0.01).

    CONCLUSIONS: The short-term success-rate of DAIR was unexpectedly favourable in this fragile patient population; the results being on par with that after PJI in osteoarthritis patients. The need for repeated bandage changes postoperatively indicates an increased risk for PJI and should prompt early surgical intervention.

  • 16.
    Mellner, Carl
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Hedström, Margareta
    Hommel, Ami
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    Eisler, Thomas
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    The modified Sernbo score as a predictor of 1-year mortality after hip fracture: A registry study on 55,716 patientsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Patients sustaining a hip fracture have a high mortality rate during the first postoperative year and the Sernbo score may stratify patients into a high, intermediate and low risk of death during this period. We added gender with the aim to improve the original score (i.e. a modified score), and assessed its predictive properties on patients from the National Swedish Hip Fracture Register.

    Patients and Methods

    55,716 hip fracture patients, 69% women, older than 65 years at surgery (registered between 2010-2015) with complete Sernbo scores and mortality data were studied. Receiver Operating Characteristics analyses (ROC) were used. Validation of Sernbo score.

    Results

    The over-all 1-year mortality rate was 26% - and 6%, 17% and 42% in the low, intermediate and high risk groups respectively. The ROC analysis indicated a predictive ability of the Modified-Sernbo score, with an AUC of 0.72 (CI 0.71–0.73). ROC analysis of the original Sernbo Score showed an AUC 0.70 (CI 95% 0.70-0.71).

    Conclusion

    The Modified-Sernbo score identifies patients at high-risk of death during the first year postoperatively, slight improvement when adding sex to the score and validated on national level. This scoring system could be used to tailor peri- and postoperative care and treatment in patients with hip fracture.

  • 17.
    Mellner, Carl
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Mohammed, Jabbar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Larsson, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Esberg, Sandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Szymanski, Maciej
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Hellström, Nils
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Chang, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Berg, Hans E.
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    Knutsson, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Morberg, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Increased risk for postoperative periprosthetic fracture in hip fracture patients with the Exeter stem than the anatomic SP2 Lubinus stemManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the cumulative incidence of postoperative periprosthetic fracture (PPF) in a cohort of femoral neck fracture (FNF) patients treated with two commonly used cemented stems: either a collarless, polished, tapered Exeter stem or the anatomic Lubinus SP2 stem.

    Methods: In this retrospective multicenter cohort study of a consecutive series of patients, we included 2527 patients 60 years and above with an FNF who were treated with either hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty using either a polished tapered Exeter stem or an anatomic Lubinus SP2 stem. The incidence of PPF was assessed at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively.

    Results: The incidence of PPF was assessed at a median follow-up of 47 months postoperatively. Forty patients (1.6%) sustained a PPF at a median of 27 months (range, 0-96 months) postoperatively. Two of the operatively treated fractures were Vancouver A (5%), 7 were Vancouver B1 (18%), 11 were Vancouver B2 (27%), 7 were Vancouver B3 (18%), and 13 were Vancouver C (32%). The cumulative incidence of PPF was 2.3% in the Exeter group compared with 0.7% in the SP2 group (p<0.001). The HR was 5.5 (95% CI, 2.4-12.8, p≤0.01), using the SP2 group as the denominator. Six of 40 (15%) patients needed revision surgery after initial treatment of the PPF.Conclusions: The Exeter stem was associated with a higher risk for PPF than the Lubinus SP2 stem. We suggest that the tapered Exeter stem should be used with caution in the treatment of FNF.

  • 18.
    Mohammed, Jabbar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Hedbeck, Carl-Johan
    Chammout, Ghazi
    Gordon, Max
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    Reduced periprosthetic fracture rate when changing from a tapered polished stem to an anatomical stem for cemented hip arthroplasty: an observational prospective cohort study with a follow-up of 2 years2019In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 90, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose - Straight collarless polished tapered stems have been linked to an increased risk for periprosthetic femur fractures in comparison with anatomically shaped stems, especially in elderly patients. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of an orthopedic department's full transition from the use of a cemented collarless, polished, tapered stem to a cemented anatomic stem on the cumulative incidence of postoperative periprosthetic fracture (PPF). Patients and methods - This prospective single-center cohort study comprises a consecutive series of 1,077 patients who underwent a cemented hip arthroplasty using either a collarless polished tapered stem (PTS group, n = 543) or an anatomic stem (AS group, n = 534). We assessed the incidence of PPF 2 years postoperatively and used a Cox regression model adjusted for age, sex, ASA class, cognitive impairment, BMI, diagnosis, and surgical approach for outcome analysis. Results - Mean age at primary surgery was 82 years (49-102), 73% of the patients were female, and 75% underwent surgery for a femoral neck fracture. The PPF rate was lowered from 3.3% (n = 18) in the PTS group to 0.4% (n = 2) in the AS group. The overall complication rate was also lowered from 8.8% in the PTS group to 4.5% in the AS group. In the regression model only cognitive dysfunction (HR 3.8, 95% CI 1.4-10) and the type of stem (PTS vs AS, HR 0.1, CI 0.0-0.5) were correlated with outcome. Interpretation - For elderly patients with poor bone quality use of cemented anatomic stems leads to a substantial reduction in periprosthetic fracture rate without increasing other complications.

  • 19.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Aspects on treatment of femoral neck fractures: studies on treatment methods, surgical approach and external validity2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Femoral neck fracture (FNF) is a great challenge for today´s health care and is associated with high mortality and morbidity in the elderly.  In the short term several studies in the literature have demonstrated improved hip function, quality of life and fewer re-operations in elderly patients treated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) instead of internal fixation (IF). There are few reports on the long-term outcome comparing IF and THA. The vast majority of orthopaedic departments in Sweden use the direct lateral (DL) or posteriolateral (PL) approaches for hip arthroplasty. The PL approach has been linked to an increased risk of dislocation of the prosthesis and a higher rate of revision surgery in comparison to the DL approach. There are few reports focusing on radiological risk factors for prosthetic dislocation and patient reported hip function comparing the two surgical approaches for hip arthroplasty in FNF.

    The randomized controlled trial (RCT) is the gold standard for evaluating medical or surgical interventions. An RCT of high quality has to be internally and externally valid. Internal validity refers to a correct study design to avoid bias skewing the results. External validity (EV) refers to whether the results will be clinically relevant to a definable group of patients and can be extrapolated to the general health care situation. There are only a few reports in the orthopaedic literature focusing on the EV of published studies and none in the field of hip fractures.

    Study I: This is a RCT of 100 patients with a displaced FNF comparing THA and IF. Follow-up evaluations were performed at three months and 1, 2, 4, 11 and 17 years. It was found that the Harris hip score (HHS) was higher and the rate of reoperations lower for patients treated with THA.

    Study II: This is a prospective cohort study of 185 hips, comparing the DL and the PL approaches in patients treated with a hemiarthroplasty (HA) for a displaced FNF. Follow-up was after 1 year. There was no difference in patient reported outcome between the groups measured with the HHS and WOMAC index. The PL approach resulted in a higher re-operation rate while the DL approach in a higher incidence of limping.

    Study III: This is a retrospective cohort study of 373 patients with a cemented bipolar HA using a PL approach for a FNF with a follow-up ranging from 6 months to 7 years. Radiographs and all surgical records were reviewed regarding femoral offset (FO), leg length discrepancy (LLD) and Wiberg angle. Patients with recurrent dislocations had a decreased postoperative FO, LLD and shallower acetabulum on the operated side compared with their controls.

    Study IV: This is a prospective cohort study of 840 hips comparing patients included in a RCT with those that did not give their informed consent (NC) or did not fulfill the criteria for participating in the trial (MS). Patients in the NC and MS groups had an increased mortality rate in comparison to those included in the study. We did not find any differences in hip function between these groups.

    The main conclusions of this thesis are:

    • Healthy and lucid elderly patients with good hip function preoperatively, should be treated with THA for a displaced FNF.
    • The DL approach is favourable in treating displaced FNF with HA due to its decreased risk of reoperation but with an identical hip function outcome as the PL approach.
    • Care should be taken to restore the LLD and FO otherwise this may increase the risk of recurrent dislocation of a HA.
    • Our findings suggest that trial participants had a lower mortality rate than non-participants but the functional outcome of non-participants appeared to be satisfactory. This is important to take into consideration when extrapolating study results to a health care system.
  • 20.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Berg, Gustaf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Hassany, Hamid R. Haj
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Koye, Alan K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sjödén, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Semiconstrained total elbow arthroplasty for rheumatoid arthritis patients: clinical and radiological results of 1-8 years follow-up2015In: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, ISSN 0936-8051, E-ISSN 1434-3916, Vol. 135, no 5, p. 595-600Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated whether the Discovery total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) system had good results and survival in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. In a prospective cohort study, one elbow surgeon performed TEA on 25 consecutive RA patients (31 elbows) between December 2004 and November 2012 using the Discovery system. We evaluated the preoperative elbow range of motion (ROM), functional outcome with QuickDash and quality of life with EQ-5D. An independent colleague evaluated the same parameters 1-8 years (mean 4.5) postoperatively. The medical records of the follow-up visits for the study period were available for review. A complete set of results was available for 19 patients (25 elbows). The mean ROM improved in flexion/extension from 88A degrees (SD 27) to 113A degrees (SD 19) and in pronation/supination from 55A degrees (SD 28) to 68A degrees (SD 22) (p < 0.05). The mean QuickDash also improved from 66.5 (SD 25.7) to 40.2 (SD 24) (p < 0.01). The mean EQ-5D improved from 0.68 (SD 0.2) to 0.75 (SD 0.13) but was not statistically significant (p = 0.09). Three patients were revised because of loosening, 2 more patients were re-operated. This resulted in a Kaplan-Meier survival of 90 % (CI 72-97) for the study period. The Discovery system has shown satisfactory results in RA patients even if the rate of complication remained relatively high. Further follow-up is required to investigate the radiological changes observed in some of our patients.

  • 21.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Chammout, Ghazi
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    External validity of a randomized controlled trial in patients with femoral neck fractureManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Randomized clinical trials (RCT) are the most reliable way to evaluate theeffect of treatments by comparing them to previously accepted treatment regimes. The resultsobtained from a RCT are extrapolated from the study environment to the general health caresystem. This parameter is called external validity. The present study we sought to evaluatethe external validity of an RCT comparing the results of total hip arthroplasty tohemiarthroplasty in displaced femoral neck fracture in patients 80 years of age and above.

    Methods: In a prospective cohort study, 267 patients (76% females, mean age 87 [SD] 4.7years) were included in the cohort study. All were screened according to the inclusion andexclusion criteria to be included in a RCT comparing total hip arthroplasty andhemiarthoplasty. Those who gave their informed consent and were randomized (RCT group,92 patients), those that were asked to participate in the RCT but would not give theirinformed consent (Non-consenters group, 54 patients) and all patients missed in the screeningprocess (Missed screening group, 121 patients). The primary end point was hip functionevaluated with Harris hip score at 1 year. Secondary end points included quality-of-lifeevaluated with EQ-5D mortality and hip re-operations. Follow up was performed at 1 yearpostoperatively by a mailed survey including patient reported outcome.

    Results: We did not find any difference between the groups regarding HHS and EQ-5D, alsowhen adjusting for confounders. There was a statistically significant difference between thethree groups (p=0.047) as the Non-consenter group had a higher risk of death than thoseincluded (HR 2.06, 95% Cl 1.13 to 3.75). The rate of reoperation was lower in the MS groupcompared to the RCT and NC groups (4.1% vs 7.6% vs 9.3%). This difference did not reachstatistical significance when adjusting for confounders

    Interpretation: This cohort study indicates a higher mortality rate but comparable hip functionand quality-of-life among eligible non-consenters compared to eligible consenters whenevaluating the external validity of a RCT patients with femoral neck fracture age 80 andabove.

  • 22.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Hassany, Hamid H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Geometrical restoration and component positioning after hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture2016In: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica, ISSN 0001-6462, Vol. 82, no 3, p. 557-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the restoration of leg length and global femoral offset and positioning of the femoral stem and acetabular cup of hemiartroplasty (HA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) after femoral neck fracture (FNF) were compared at the postoperative radiographs between 181 hips operated using the direct lateral (DL) approach and 127 hips operated using the posterolateral (PL) approach. Regarding HA, the DL approach was associated with lengthening of the operated leg (5.7 mm vs. 2.1 mm), p = 0.001. The PL approach had more varus stem position (23% vs. 12%, p = 0.03) and the DL approach had more stems with C-position (58% vs. 32%, p = 0.001). Regarding THA, the DL approach showed increased cup anteversion (28 degrees vs. 21 degrees), p = 0.016, and a decrease in FO (-5.9 mm vs. -2.0 mm, p = 0.04). Surgeons caring for FNF patients are to be aware of the differences in geometrical restroration and component positioning between the two approaches.

  • 23.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Hand Surgery.
    Knutsson, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Krupic, Ferid
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    The influence of cognitive status on outcome and walking ability after hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture: a prospective cohort study2017In: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology, ISSN 1633-8065, E-ISSN 1432-1068, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 653-658Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck fracture (FNF) is a devastating injury with serious medical and social consequences. One-third of these patients have some degree of impaired cognitive status. Despite this, a high proportion of hip fracture trials exclude patients with cognitive impairment (CI). We aimed to evaluate whether moderate to severe CI could predict walking ability, quality of life, functional outcome, reoperations and mortality in elderly patients with displaced FNF treated with hemiarthroplasty (HA).

    METHODS: This cohort study included a consecutive series of 188 patients treated with HA for a displaced FNF. Patients were assessed for estimated preoperative and 1 year postoperatively with regard to walking ability, cognitive status, quality of life with EQ-5D and hip function with Harris hip score.

    RESULTS: There were 188 patients who met the inclusion criteria. A total of 130 patients were in the control group, and 58 were in the CI group. At 1-year follow-up, 31 patients (24%) had died in the control group and 22 patients (38%) had died in the cognitive impaired group. This difference in reoperation and mortality rate was statistically significant (log-rank test, p = 0.016). The CI had a significantly higher incidence of being non-walker (28 vs. 4%, OR 9.2, p = 0.001). The EQ-5D was higher in the control group, while the Harris hip score was comparable in the two groups.

    CONCLUSIONS: Moderate to severe CI was associated with a high incidence of non-walking ability, worse quality of life, high mortality and re-operation rate after femoral neck fractures treated with HA.

  • 24.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Knutsson, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Majeed, Ammar
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Reduced revision rate and maintained function after hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures after transition from posterolateral to direct lateral approach2017In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 88, no 6, p. 627-633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose The direct lateral (DL) approach to the hip for femoral neck fractures (FNF) has been shown to reduce the rate of dislocation and reoperations. We evaluate the effect of transition from the posterolateral (PL) to DL approach on reoperation and dislocation rates and patients' reported outcome.

    Patients and methods In a prospective cohort study between 2012 and 2015, we enrolled 362 patients (median age 83 years, 70% women, mean follow-up 25 months) with a displaced FNF. The first group of 146 patients were operated using the PL and the second group of 216 patients with a DL approach, after change of our routines. A multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate factors associated with dislocation and reoperation. A generalized linear model was used to evaluate the functional outcome by comparing WOMAC and Harris hip scores between the 2 groups.

    Results The reoperation rate was reduced from 13% in the PL to 6% in the DL group and the dislocation rate from 13% to 4%. Cox proportional hazard analysis identified the PL approach as the only factor associated with an increased risk of reoperation (hazard ratio =2.5, 95% CI 1.2-5.2). Age, sex, ASA classification, type of arthroplasty, cognitive dysfunction, or the experience of the surgeon had no effect on the risk of reoperation. Patient-reported outcome was similar between the 2 groups.

    Interpretation In patients with FNF we have reduced the reoperation and dislocation rates by changing the surgical approach used for hip arthroplasty without affecting the patient-reported functional outcome.

  • 25.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Lindqvist, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Peyda, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Broden, Cyrus
    Mahmood, Sarwar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Hassany, Hamid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Dislocation of bipolar hip hemiarthroplasty through a postero-lateral approach for femoral neck fractures: A cohort study2015In: International Orthopaedics, ISSN 0341-2695, E-ISSN 1432-5195, Vol. 39, no 7, p. 1277-1282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To analyze postoperative global femoral offset (FO), leg length discrepancy (LLD) and Wiberg angle as risk factors for prosthetic dislocation after treatment with bipolar hemiarthoplasty (HA) through a postero-lateral approach for femoral neck fracture (FNF). Methods Three hundred and seventy three patients treated with a cemented bipolar HA through a postero-lateral approach between January 2006 and December 2013 were included in a cohort study with a follow-up time ranging from 6 months to 7 years. Radiographs and all surgical records were reviewed regarding Global FO, LLD and Wiberg angle. We compared stable hips without dislocation to those with either a single dislocation and those with recurrent instability. Results Three hundred and twenty eight hips fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were analyzed in the study. The incidence of prosthetic dislocation was 10.7 % (36/373). The mean time from surgery to first dislocation was 3.9 months (0-47) and 62.5 % had recurrent dislocations. Patients with dislocation had a statistically significantly decreased postoperative global FO (-6.4 mm vs. -2.8 mm, p = 0.04), LLD (-2 vs. 1.5 mm, p = 0.03) and smaller Wiberg angle (40A degrees vs. 46A degrees, p = 0.01) on the operated side compared with the rest of cohort. In comparison to age and sex-matched control groups from the cohort, the difference in the radiographic parameters were significant in patients with recurrent dislocations but not in patients with a single dislocation. Conclusion Patients with recurrent dislocations had a decreased postoperative global FO, shorter leg and shallower acetabulum on the operated side compared with their controls. These factors might decrease the soft-tissue tension around the operated hip and predispose to dislocation.

  • 26.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mahmood, Sarwar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Kadum, Bakir
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sköldenberg, O
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Direct lateral vs posterolateral approach to hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures2016In: Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, ISSN 1877-0568, E-ISSN 1877-0568, Vol. 102, no 8, p. 1049-1054Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Adopting the direct lateral (DL) instead of the posterolateral (PL) approach in hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture (FNF) patients could lower the rate of prosthetic dislocation. However, little is known about how the approach influences the functional outcome.

    HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that both approaches would give comparable results.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, we enrolled 185 hips (183 patients, 128 women, median age 84 years) with a displaced FNF. Subjects were assigned to treatment using DL (n=102) or PL approach (n=83) with a hemiarthroplasty (HA). Functional outcome was assessed by Harris Hip Score (HHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis (WOMAC) index, pain numeric rating scale (PNRS) for pain, mortality and hip complications. Patients were followed-up after 1 year.

    RESULTS: The HHS was 71 (SD 18) in the DL group and 72 (SD 17) in the PL group (P=0.59). We found no difference in WOMAC, PNRS and mortality. Seven patients (6.9%) in the DL group and 11 patients (13.3%) in the PL group had undergone a major reoperation (adjusted OR 0.51; 95% CI, 0.18-2.07; P=0.23).

    DISCUSSION: In this prospective cohort study, patients treated with HA for FNF using either the DL or PL approaches had comparable functional outcome after 1 year. The PL approach had a tendency towards a higher reoperation rate.

    TYPE OF STUDY: Prospective cohort study.

    LEVEL OF PROOF: Level 2.

  • 27.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Mahmood, Sarwar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Kadum, Bakir
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Direct lateral versus posterolateral approach to hip hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures: a prospective cohort studyArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adopting the direct lateral (DL) instead of the posterolateral (PL) approach to thehip for femoral neck fractures (FNF) results in a lower rate of prosthetic dislocation. The aim ofthis study was to compare hip function and complications after hemiarthroplasty (HA) by eitherthe DL or the PL approach for a FNF.

    Methods: In a prospective cohort study, we enrolled 185 hips (183 patients, 128 women, medianage 84 years) with a displaced FNF. Subjects were, by the surgeons’ preference, assigned totreatment using DL (n=102) or PL approach (n=83) with a HA. Outcomes were Harris hip score(HHS), WOMAC, pain numeric rating scale (PNRS) for pain, limp, mortality and hipcomplications. Patients were followed-up after 1 year.

    Results: The HHS was 71 (SD 18) in the DL group and 72 (±17) in the PL group (p=0.59). Wefound no difference in HHS, WOMAC, PNRS and mortality. Seven patients (6.9%) in the DLgroup and 11 patients (13.3%) in the PL group had undergone a major re-operation (adjusted OR0.51; 95% CI, 0.18-2.07; p=0.23). The DL approach was associated with an increased frequencyof patient reported limp (adjusted OR 2.97,1,32-6.67;p=0.008).

    Interpretation: In this prospective cohort study, patients treated with HA for FNF using either theDL or PL approaches had comparable functional outcome after 1 year. The PL approach had ahigher re-operation rate while the DL approach had a higher incidence of limp.

  • 28.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mahmood, Sarwar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sjödén, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Dual mobility cups for preventing early hip arthroplasty dislocation in patients at risk: experience in a county hospital2013In: Orthopedic Reviews, ISSN 2035-8237, E-ISSN 2035-8164, Vol. 5, no 10, p. 48-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dislocation remains a major concern after hip arthroplasty. We asked whether dual mobility cups (DMC) would improve early hip stability in patients with high risk of dislocation. We followed 34 patients (21 females, 13 males) treated between 2009 and 2012 with cemented DMC for hip revisions caused recurrent hip prosthetic dislocation or as a primary procedure in patients with high risk of instability. Functional outcome and quality of life were evaluated using Harris Hip Score and EQ-5D respectively. We found that the cemented DMC gave stability in 94%. Seven patients (20%) were re-operated due to infection. One patient sustained a periprosthetic fracture. At follow-up (6 to 36 months, mean 18), the mean Harris hip score was 67 (standard deviation: 14) and mean EQ-5D was 0.76 (standard deviation: 0.12). We concluded that treating patients with high risk of dislocation with DMC can give good stability. However, complications such as postoperative infection can be frequent and should be managed carefully.

  • 29.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Mellner, Carl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Knutsson, Bjorn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Skoldenberg, Olof
    Substantially higher prevalence of postoperative periprosthetic fractures in octogenarians with hip fractures operated with a cemented, polished tapered stem rather than an anatomic stem A prospective cohort study involving 979 hips2016In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 87, no 3, p. 257-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose - Recent studies have demonstrated a high incidence of postoperative periprosthetic femoral fracture (PPF) in elderly patients treated with 2 commonly used cemented, polished tapered stems. We compared the prevalence and incidence rate of PPF in a consecutive cohort of octagenerians with femoral neck fractures (FNFs) treated with either a collarless, polished tapered (CPT) stem or an anatomic matte stem (Lubinus SP2). Patients and methods - In a multicenter, prospective cohort study, we included 979 hips in patients aged 80 years and above (72% females, median age 86 (80-102) years) with a femoral neck fracture as indication for surgery. 69% of the patients were classified as ASA class 3 or 4. Hip-related complications and repeat surgery were assessed at a median follow-up of 20 (0-24) months postoperatively. Results - 22 hips (2.2%) sustained a PPF at a median of 7 (0-22) months postoperatively; 14 (64%) were Vancouver B2 fractures. 7 of the 22 surgically treated fractures required revision surgery, mainly due to deep infection. The cumulative incidence of PPFs was 3.8% in the CPT group, as compared with 0.2% in the SP2 group (p < 0.001). The risk ratio (RR) was 16 (95% CI: 2-120) using the SP2 group as denominator. Interpretation - The CPT stem was associated with a higher risk of PPF than the SP2 stem. We suggest that the tapered CPT stem should not be used for the treatment of femoral neck fractures in patients over 80 years.

  • 30.
    Mukka, Sebastian S.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Andersson, Göran N.
    Hultenby, Kjell R.
    Sköldenberg, Olof G.
    Nordahl, Joakim P.
    Eisler, Thomas M.
    Osteoclasts in periprosthetic osteolysis: the charnley arthroplasty revisited2017In: The Journal of Arthroplasty, ISSN 0883-5403, E-ISSN 1532-8406, Vol. 32, no 10, p. 3219-3227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic osteolysis by polyethylene wear debris-triggered osteoclasts is viewed as the main pathophysiological pathway in aseptic loosening in total hip arthroplasty. The present aim was to study osteoclast occurrence in osteolytic lesions in early and late revisions of the Charnley low-friction torque arthroplasty (CLFA).

    METHODS: Biopsies of the soft interface membrane and the adjacent bone were taken from osteolytic lesions during revision of 16 loose CLFA, early (2-6 years) or late (>10 years) after primary surgery. By light microscopy (LM), cell-dense regions with signs of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption were selected for transmission electron microscopy. Three additional patients were studied in LM for osteoclast markers (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and Cathepsin K).

    RESULTS: LM disclosed a low-grade chronic inflammation and birefringent particles in most sections. Multiple conglomerates of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase positive and Cathepsin K positive mononuclear and multinucleated cells were found deep in the fibrous interface membrane. Transmission electron microscopy showed traces of polyethylene-like particles in 67%-100% of the cells. Osteoclast-like cells exhibiting resorptive activity were few (mean, 0.7%; standard deviation, 0.2%), and multinucleated cells, possibly osteoclast precursor cells, located immediately on the bone were also scarce (mean, 2.7%; standard deviation, 5.3%). Multinucleated (odds ratio, 3.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-5.5) and macrophage-like cells (odds ratio, 3.6; 95% confidence interval, 2.2-5.6) were typically located deeper in the inflammatory interface membrane with a pathologic appearance with distension and abundance of phagocytic vacuoles. There were no systematic differences in cell populations between early or late revisions.

    CONCLUSION: Despite probable ongoing osteoclastogenesis in the osteolytic lesions, there were few sites of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. These findings attach a contributing biological explanation to the longevity of the CLFA.

  • 31.
    Mukka, Sebastian S
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    An update on surgical approaches in hip arthoplasty: lateral versus posterior approach2014In: HIP International, ISSN 1120-7000, E-ISSN 1724-6067, Vol. 24, no Supplement 10, p. S7-S11Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this update we searched the literature about the outcome of the lateral versus posterior approach in hip arthoplasty for osteoarthritis (OA) and femoral neck fracture (FNF) patients. The available evidence shows that the use of posterior approach in OA patients is associated with lower mortality and better functional outcome while the use of lateral approach in FNF patients gives lower dislocation rate. We recommend therefore the use of posterior approach in OA patients and lateral approach in FNF patients.

  • 32.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sjöholm, Pontus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Chammout, Ghazi
    Kelly-Pettersson, Paula
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    External Validity of the HOPE-Trial Hemiarthroplasty Compared with Total Hip Arthroplasty for Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures in Octogenarians2019In: JBJS Open Access, ISSN 2472-7245, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-7, article id e0061Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the most reliable way of evaluating the effect of new treatments by comparing them with previously accepted treatment regimens. The results obtained from an RCT are extrapolated from the study environment to the general health care system. The ability to do so is called external validity. We sought to evaluate the external validity of an RCT comparing the results of total hip arthroplasty with those of hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures in patients ≥80 years of age.

    Methods: This prospective, single-center cohort study included 183 patients ≥80 years of age who had a displaced femoral neck fracture. All patients were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria for an RCT comparing total hip arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty. The population for this study consisted of patients who gave their informed consent and were randomized into the RCT (consenting group, 120 patients) as well as those who declined to give their consent to participate (non-consenting group, 63 patients). The outcome measurements were mortality, complications, and patient-reported outcome measures. Follow-up was carried out postoperatively with use of a mailed survey that included patient-reported outcome questionnaires.

    Results: We found a statistically significant and clinically relevant difference between the groups, with the non-consenting group having a higher risk of death compared with the consenting group. (hazard ratio, 4.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.9 to 11.1). No differences were found between the groups in terms of patient-reported outcome measures or surgical complications.

    Conclusions: This cohort study indicates a higher mortality rate but comparable hip function and quality of life among eligible non-consenters as compared with eligible consenters when evaluating the external validity of an RCT in patients ≥80 years of age with femoral neck fracture.

    Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  • 33.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sjöholm, Pontus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Perisynakis, Nikolaos
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Wahlström, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Rahme, Hans
    Kadum, Bakir
    Radial head arthroplasty for radial head fractures: a clinical and radiological comparison of monopolar and bipolar radial head arthroplasty at a mean follow-up of 6 years2018In: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, ISSN 1863-9933, E-ISSN 1863-9941Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of bipolar and monopolar radial head arthroplasty in treatment of radial head fracture at a mean follow-up of 6 years.

    METHODS: A retrospective multicentre cohort study of 30 patients treated for unreconstructable radial head fractures. Patients were treated either with a cemented bipolar or an uncemented monopolar radial head arthroplasty. All patients included were evaluated with patient-rated outcome questionnaire, physical examination, and radiographic evaluation at a mean of 6 years (range, 2-12 years) postoperatively.

    RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in QuickDASH between the bipolar or monopolar groups. The majority of patients had no to little pain during rest. Neither flexion nor extension of the injured arm was significantly affected by the type of prosthesis. None of the patients in the bipolar group had any secondary surgery at the time of follow-up. In the monopolar group, four patients required removal of the arthroplasty. Signs of ulnohumeral degenerative changes were seen in the majority of patients in both groups (55% in the monopolar group, 92% in the bipolar group).

    CONCLUSION: In this retrospective cohort study comparing a bipolar and a monopolar radial head arthroplasty for treatment of radial head fractures, we found comparable functional outcome but more revision procedures in the monopolar group at a mean follow-up of 6 years.

  • 34.
    Otten, Volker T C
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Nilsson, Kjell G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Crnalic, Sead
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Kärrholm, Johan
    Uncemented cups with and without screw holes in primary THA: a Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register study with 22725 hipsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose: Uncemented cups in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are often augmented with additional screws to enhance their primary stability. We investigated whether there is a difference in the risk for revision between cups with screw holes and cups without screw holes.

    Patients and methods: We analyzed the risk for cup revision of uncemented cups registered in the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR) between 2000 and 2017 with respect to the presence of screw holes. Only patients with primary osteoarthritis (OA) were included. 22725 cups, including 12354 without screw holes and 10371 with screw holes, were evaluated. Revision rates at 2 and 10 years after the primary operation were analyzed.

    Results: At a median follow-up time of 3.4 (0-18) years, 459 cup revisions were reported. The main reasons for cup revision during the whole observations time were infection, 52% of all cup revisions, and dislocation, 26% of all cup revisions. The survival rate with cup revision due to aseptic loosening as endpoint was 99.9% (95% CI 99.8-99.9) at 2 years for both cups with and cups without screw holes, and the survival rates at 10 years were 99.5% (CI 99.3-99.7) and 99.1% (CI 98.6-99.5), respectively. Cups without screw holes showed a decreased risk of revision due to any reason at both 2 years (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.6, CI 0.5-0.8) and 10 years (HR 0.7, CI 0.5-0.9).

    Interpretation: We found a very low revision rate for aseptic loosening with modern, uncemented cup designs. Cups with screw holes had an increased risk for revision due to any reason in patients with primary OA.

  • 35.
    Otten, Volker T C
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Nilsson, Kjell G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Crnalic, Sead
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Kärrholm, Johan
    Uncemented cups with and without screw holes in primary THA: a Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register study with 22,725 hips2019In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 90, no 3, p. 258-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose — Uncemented cups in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are often augmented with additional screws to enhance their primary stability. We investigated whether there is a difference in the risk for revision between cups with screw holes and cups without screw holes.

    Patients and methods — We analyzed the risk for cup revision of uncemented cups registered in the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR) between 2000 and 2017 with respe ct to the presence of screw holes. Only patients with primary osteoarthritis (OA) were included. 22,725 cups, including 12,354 without screw holes and 10,371 with screw holes, were evaluated. Revision rates at 2 and 10 years after the primary operation were analyzed.

    Results — At a median follow-up time of 3.4 years (0–18), 459 cup revisions were reported. The main reasons for cup revision during the whole observation time were infection, 52% of all cup revisions, and dislocation, 26% of all cup revisions. The survival rate with cup revision due to aseptic loosening as endpoint was 99.9% (95% CI 99.8–99.9) at 2 years for both cups with and cups without screw holes, and the survival rates at 10 years were 99.5% (CI 99.3–99.7) and 99.1% (CI 98.6–99.5), respectively. Cups without screw holes showed a decreased risk of revision due to any reason at both 2 years (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.6, CI 0.5–0.8) and 10 years (HR 0.7, CI 0.5–0.9).

    Interpretation — We found a very low revision rate for aseptic loosening with modern, uncemented cup designs. Cups with screw holes had an increased risk of revision due to any reason in patients with primary OA

  • 36. Per-Henrik, Ågren
    et al.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Orthopaedics Sundsvall.
    Tullberg, Tycho
    Wretenberg, Per
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Orthopaedics Sundsvall.
    Factors affecting long-term treatment results of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures: a post hoc analysis of a prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter trial2014In: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, ISSN 0890-5339, E-ISSN 1531-2291, Vol. 28, no 10, p. 564-568Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To study the factors affecting long-term treatment results of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs). Design: A post hoc analysis. Settings: Tertiary care teaching hospitals. Patients: Eight to twelve years of results from a randomized controlled multicenter trial of operative versus nonoperative treatment (n = 56) were divided into 2 groups: the superior 50% results (n = 28) and the inferior 50% results (n = 28), regardless of the treatment given. The determinant of this division was a visual analog score for pain and function. Interventions: The operative treatment consists of open reduction and internal fixation, whereas the nonoperative treatment consists of nonweight bearing and early range of motion exercise. Main Outcome Measurements: A visual analog score for pain and function, the short-form 36 (SF-36) general health outcome questionnaire, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot scale, and Olerud-Molander score. We compared age, sex, fracture type (Sanders classification), treatment given, Böhler angle, residual articular surface step-off at healing, type of occupation, and injury insurance between the 2 groups. Results: Patients of the superior group had higher physical SF-36, AOFAS, and Olerud-Molander score than in the inferior group. Operative treatment, better Böhler angle and articular surface restoration, light labor/retirement, and absence of injury insurance were more common in the superior group. Age, sex, pretreatment Böhler angle, and fracture type were comparable in the superior and inferior groups. Conclusions: The decision making for definitive treatment of intraarticular calcaneal fractures is multifactorial with a spectrum of results and trends such as patient demographic features that should be considered in choosing the best treatment option.

  • 37.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mohaddes, Maziar
    Kärrholm, Johan
    Rolfson, Ola
    Body mass index is associated with risk of reoperation and revision after primary total hip arthroplasty: a study of the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register including 83,146 patients2019In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 90, no 3, p. 220-225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose: The prevalence of obesity is on the rise, becoming a worldwide epidemic. The main purpose of this register-based observational study was to investigate whether different BMI classes are associated with increased risk of reoperation within 2 years, risk of revision within 5 years, and the risk of dying within 90 days after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). We hypothesized that increasing BMI would increase these risks.

    Patients and methods: We analyzed a cohort of 83,146 patients who had undergone an elective THA for primary osteoarthritis between 2008 and 2015 from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR). BMI was classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) into 6 classes: < 18.5 as underweight, 18.5-24.9 as normal weight, 25-29.9 as overweight, 30-34.9 as class I obesity, 35-39.9 as class II obesity, and ≥ 40 as class III obesity.

    Results: Both unadjusted and adjusted parameter estimates showed increasing risk of reoperation at 2 years and revision at 5 years with each overweight and obesity class, mainly due to increased risk of infection. Uncemented and reversed hybrid fixations and surgical approaches other than the posterior were all associated with increased risk. Obesity class III (≥ 40), male sex, and increasing ASA class were associated with increased 90-day mortality.

    Interpretation: Increasing BMI was associated with 2-year reoperation and 5-year revision risks after primary THA where obese patients have a higher risk than overweight or normal weight patients. As infection seems to be the main cause, customizing preoperative optimization and prophylactic measures for obese patients may help reduce risk.

  • 38.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Hanas, Aleksandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Sköldenberg, Olof G.
    Mukka, Sebastian S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Abductor Muscle Function and Trochanteric Tenderness After Hemiarthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fracture2016In: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, ISSN 0890-5339, E-ISSN 1531-2291, Vol. 30, no 6, p. e194-e200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To compare the abductor muscle function and trochanteric tenderness in patients operated with hemiarthroplasty using the direct lateral (DL) or posterolateral (PL) approach for displaced femoral neck fracture.Design:Prospective cohort study. Setting: A secondary teaching hospital.Participants:We enrolled 183 hips operated with hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fracture using the DL or PL approach. Interventions: Preoperatively, we evaluated the Harris hip score (HHS) and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D). At 1 year postoperatively, lucid patients were clinically examined to evaluate the Trendelenburg sign, abductor muscle strength with a dynamometer, and trochanteric tenderness with an electronic algometer. The 1-year HHS and EQ-5D were documented. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was the incidence of postoperative Trendelenburg sign, whereas the secondary outcomes included patients' reported limp, abductor muscle strength, trochanteric tenderness, HHS, and EQ-5D. Results: There were 48 patients (24 in the DL group and 24 in the PL group) who attended the 1-year clinical follow-up. The 2 groups were comparable (P > 0.05). The DL group showed a higher incidence of the Trendelenburg sign (9/24 vs. 1/24, P = 0.02) and limp (12/24 vs. 2/24, P = 0.004). Further analysis with logistic regression showed the surgical approach to be the only factor that resulted in the increment. No differences regarding HHS, EQ-5D, abductor muscle strength, algometer pressure pain threshold, and radiologic measurements were found (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of the Trendelenburg sign and limp were significantly higher in the DL approach although this seemed not to influence abductor muscle strength or the incidence of trochanteric tenderness or compromise the clinical outcome. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  • 39. Sköldenberg, Olof
    et al.
    Chammout, Ghazi
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Muren, Olle
    Nåsell, Hans
    Hedbeck, Carl-Johan
    Salemyr, Mats
    HOPE-trial: hemiarthroplasty compared to total hip arthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly-elderly, a randomized controlled trial2015In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 16, article id 307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A femoral neck fracture (FNF) is a common cause of suffering and premature death in the elderly population. Optimizing the treatment for improved outcome and a reduced need for secondary surgery is important both for the patient and the society. The choice of primary total or hemiarthroplasty in patients over eighty years are controversial. We hypothesized that total hip arthroplasty has an equal or better outcome in patient-reported outcome compared with hemiarthroplasty. Methods/Design: A prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial will be conducted. We will include 120 patients, 80 years of age and over with an acute (<36 h) displaced femoral neck fracture. The patients will be randomized in a 1: 1 ratio to either total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty. The primary endpoints are Harris hip Score and EQ-5D. Secondary endpoints include pain measured with visual analogue scale, surgical time, reoperations, complications and radiological measurement of erosion in patients operated with hemiarthroplasty. Follow-up will be performed postoperatively after three months, 1, 2, 4 and 10 years. Discussion: To our knowledge, this is the first randomized controlled trial comparing total hip arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fracture in patients age 80 years and over.

1 - 39 of 39
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