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  • 1.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Growth Analysis, Studentplan 3, 831 40 O¨stersund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Pär
    Are workers more vulnerable in tradable industries?2016In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 152, no 2, p. 283-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reduced trade barriers and lower costs of transportation and information have meant that a growing part of the economy has been exposed to international trade. In particular, this is the case in the service sector. We divide the service sector into a tradable and a non-tradable part using an approach to identify tradable industries utilizing a measure of regional concentration of production. We examine whether the probability of displacement is higher and income losses after displacement greater for workers in tradable services and manufacturing (tradable) than in non-tradable services. We also analyze whether the probability of re-employment is higher for workers displaced from tradable services and manufacturing than from non-tradable services. We find that in the 2000s the probability of displacement is relatively high in tradable services in comparison to non-tradable services and manufacturing. On the other hand, the probability of re-employment is higher for those displaced from tradable services. The largest income losses are found for those who had been displaced from manufacturing. Interestingly, the income losses of those displaced from manufacturing seems mainly to be due to longer spells of non-employment, whereas for those displaced in tradable services lower wages in their new jobs compared to their pre-displacement jobs appears to play a larger role.

  • 2.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Growth Analysis, Studentplan 3, 831 40 Östersund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Pär
    Lindvert, Markus
    Effects of foreign acquisitions on R&D and high-skill activities2017In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 163-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Swedish microdata, we find no evidence for the concerns circulating in the public debate that foreign acquisitions lead to reductions in both R&D expenditures and high-skilled activities in targeted domestic firms for either MNEs or non-MNEs. Previous studies have only focused on larger firms. In this paper, we are able to study the impact on smaller firms (fewer than 50 employees), which is important because 90% of the firms acquired by foreign enterprises meet this criterion. For this group of firms, there is no information on R&D, but by using the register of educational attainment, we obtain data on the share of high-skilled labour in all Swedish firms, irrespective of size. Interestingly, we find that among smaller firms, foreign enterprises tend to acquire high-productive, skill-intensive firms (cherry-picking). After the acquisitions, skill upgrading appears in acquired smaller, non-MNE firms, particularly in the service sector.

  • 3.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Geographical Labour Mobility: Migration or Commuting?2003In: Regional Studies, Vol. 37, no 8, p. 827-837Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ELIASSON K., LINDGREN U. and WESTERLUND O. (2003) Geographical labour mobility: migration or commuting?, Reg.

    Studies 37, 827–837. In this paper, we examine how individual labour market status and spatial variations in employment

    opportunities influence interregional job search behaviour and mobility decisions in Sweden. The econometric analysis is based

    on 290,000 individual observations and refers to the years 1994–95. The empirical results show that the probability of

    interregional labour mobility unexpectedly decreases with the accessibility to employment opportunities in neighbouring

    regions. As expected, the findings reveal that accessibility to job openings in surrounding regions significantly increases the

    likelihood of choosing commuting as the mobility mode.Moreover, the empirical findings indicate that individual unemployment

    experience increases the likelihood of mobility as well as migration.

  • 4.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Nakosteen, Robert A.
    Isenberg School of Management, University of Massachusetts, MA/ Tufts University, Boston, MA.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Zimmer, Michael A.
    Department of Economics, University of Evansville, Evansville, IN, USA.
    All in the Family: self Selection and Migration by Couples2014In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 101-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines determinants of couple migration in a model that accounts for self-selection of migrant couples. The study is based on a sample of married couples from the Swedish population. The model incorporates controls for earnings of both spouses preceding the move, and explicitly addresses unmeasured heterogeneity in the family decision to migrate. Two statistical formulations are presented. In the first version, migration is measured as a dichotomous move/stay decision. A second formulation replaces the dichotomous indicator with the distance moved by migrants. Results suggest that family migration is selective of relatively low earning wives with unmeasured potential for strong earnings.

  • 5.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Tillväxtanalys.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Regional agglomeration of skills and earnings: from convergence to divergence?2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyse the geographical distribution of skills and the human capital content of migration flows between Swedish local labour markets. The study is based on detailed longitudinal population register data. During the last three decades, we find a distinct pattern of skill divergence across regions. The uneven distribution of human capital is reinforced by the mobility of the highly educated population. The pattern of skill divergence coincides with declining or even reversed income convergence across Swedish regions. The skilled regions become both more skilled and richer, while the less skilled regions lag behind. This development has potentially important implications for both regional and national economic policy.

  • 6.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Åström, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Flyttning och pendling i Sverige2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ekonomisk och ekonometrisk analys av flyttningar och pendling mellan lokala arbetsmarknadsregioner i Sverige. Översikt över tidigare forskning, deskriptiv analys av geografisk rörlighet över tiden för olika åldersklasser, regiontyper, utbildningskategorier, kategorier av invandrare och med avseende på kön. Ekonometriska analyser av drivkrafter till flyttning och pendling samt effekter av rörlighet på arbetsinkomster.

  • 7.
    Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Westlund, Hans
    Johansson, Mats
    Determinants of Net Migration to Rural Areas, and the Impacts of Migration on Rural Labour Markets and Self-Employment in Rural Sweden2015In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 693-709Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Across most of Europe, the countryside seems to show a polarized development in which large districts are depopulating, while certain areas, mainly around big- and mid-sized cities, are increasing in population. The latter development is often described in concepts of "rural gentrification" and "rurbanization", symbolizing a transformation of rural communities to communities with urban values and lifestyles. Most studies of the effects of these processes have focused on social and cultural consequences, as e.g. the displacements of lower-income households with higher-income residents and of rural culture and values with urban ones. This paper examines the phenomenon from another perspective, namely the effects of the "rurbanization" processes on countryside's labour markets and economic life. This paper aims at analysing the determinants of net migration to rural areas in general and to different types of regions, and the impacts of in-migration on rural labour markets, self-employment and other socio-economic conditions in Sweden for the period of 2003-2005. We find that net migration into rural areas increases with the size of adjacent local and regional centres, whereas net migration decreases with the average commuting distance of workers in the rural areas. When comparing in-migrants to rural areas with rural area stayers, our results indicate that the former has lower incomes, a lower employment ratio and a lower degree of entrepreneurial activities. These differences could-at least partly-be explained by the fact that rural area stayers were on average 6 years older than rural area in-migrants, i.e. the two groups were in different stages of their life cycles.

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