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  • 1.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Oxford textbook of psychotherapy2006In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-690X, E-ISSN 1600-0447, Vol. 113, p. 159-Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Process studies of inference behavior1976Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
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    Process studies of inference behavior
  • 3.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andreassen, TH
    Cognitive-behavioral treatment for antisocial behavior in youth in residential treatment2007In: COCHRANE DATABASE SYST REV, ISSN 1469-493X, no 4Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Combination rules in multiple-cue probability learning: I, relation to task charateristics and performance1976Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, B-Å., and Armelius, K. Combination rules in multiple cue probability learning I. Relation to task characteristics and performance. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 99, 1976. - The rules used by subjects in multiple cue probability learning (MCPL) was investigated by means of verbal reports given by subjects at the end of learning of a two cue MCPL-task. Eight tasks varied factorially with respect to task predictability, cue-criterion correlations and the sign of the cue intercorre-lation. In addition there were two orthogonal tasks. 47 of the 100 subjects gave verbal descriptions that were classified as inconsistent or incomplete, 7 were classified as a single rule i.e., the same rule was used for all cue combinations, and 4-6 were classified as multiple rulesi.e., different rules were used for different parts of the cue matrix 77 % of the 53 combination rules were found to account for the systematic variance in subjects responses. While performance was related to the characteristics of the tasks, the frequency of combination rules was not. Subjects with multiple rules reached the highest level of performance and subjects with a single rule the lowest. It was concluded that the formulation of combination rules is important for performance in MCPL. Futher developments of the method to extract combination rules were discussed.

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    Combination rules in multiple-cue probability learning. I, relation to task charateristics and performance
  • 5.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Combination rules in multiple-cue probability learning: II, performance, confidence and development of rules1976Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, B-Å., and Armelius, K. Combination rules in multiple-cue probability learning. II. Performance, confidence and development of rules. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 101, 1976. - Subjects' use of combination rules was studied in five two-cue multiple-cue probability learning tasks with varying degrees of predictability. Subjects were asked to state how they made their predictions at different times during the experiment. 70 % of the subjects formulated systematic and consistent combination rules, while the remaining 30 % formur lated rules that were incomplete or inconsistent. The verbal statements were found to account for the subject's actual judgments in 86 % of the cases. About 50 % of the rules were single rules, with one rule coveming the complete cue matrix and the rest were multiple rules with different rules being used for different parts of the cue matrix. Performance and confidence were higher for subjects who had formulated systematic combination rules. The results of the experiment were analyzed in terms of a two-stage model for inference behavior. According to this model subjects sample their first combination rule from a hierarchy of hypotheses about relations between cues and criterion. Frequent hypotheses in that hierarchy seem to be average, sum and difference of the two cue values. In the second stage subjects test their hypotheses or develop them through their experience with the task. In the present experiment there was some evidence that subjects using multiple rules construct their rules on the basis of their experience with the task, especially in tasks with high predictability.

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    Combination rules in multiple-cue probability learning.: II, performance, confidence and development of rules
  • 6.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Confidence and performance in probabilistic inference tasks with intercorrelated cues1976Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, B-Å, and Amelius, K. Confidence and performance in probabilistic inference tasks with intercorrelated cues. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 96, 1976. - The relation between confidence and subjects' beliefs about their performance as well as their actual performance was studied in five two-cue MCPL-tasks. The tasks varied with respect to task predictability. The results were that confidence was strongly related to believed performance, but not to actual performance. The lack of relation between believed and actual performance was interpreted as support for the notion that subjects know very little about their performance in MCPL-tasks. Confidence was also perfectly related to task predictability, while performance was not. This may in certain tasks cause an illusion of achievement, i.e. subjects feel more confident than their performance allows them to.

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    Confidence and performance in probabilistic inference tasks with intercorrelated cues
  • 7.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Detection of cue intercorrelation and cue validities in a multiple-cue judgment task with a suppressor cue1973Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Arnelius, B., & Armelius, K. Detection of cue inter correlation and cue validities in a multiple-cue judgment task with a suppressor cue. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 74, 1973. - The subjects detection of cue intercor-relation, rij, and cue validities, rei, was tested after completion of a learning task with three levels of rij (.00, .40 and .80). The detection was tested by means of reproduction of rij in one test condition and rei in another. The reproduced rij values in the two redundant conditions closely matched the values of the learning tasks. There were, however, no differences among reproduced rij values which was explained as a positive set in the rij = .00 condition. The reproduced rij values were generally close to the rei values of the task with the exception of the non-valid cue for the rij = .00 condition, which was greatly overestimated. The conclusion was that the poor performance in suppressor variable tasks is due to the subjects inability to adjust the weights given to the cues, rather than to poor learning of rij and rei.

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    Detection of cue intercorrelation and cue validities in a multiple-cue judgment task with a suppressor cue
  • 8.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    En naturalistisk studie av 14000 svenska missbruksklienter baserad på Addiction Severity Index, ASI2011In: Missbruket, kunskapen, vården: Missbruksutredningens forskningsbilaga, Stockholm: Fritzes , 2011, kap 6, p. 97-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien bygger på 14 000 grundintervjuer och 3 000 uppföljningsintervjuermed klienter vid 50 olika enheter för missbruksvård iSverige, som har intervjuats med ASI-intervjun. Intervjuarskattningarav problem visar att problemen är störst med alkohol, följt avproblem med psykisk hälsa, narkotika, arbete/försörjning, familj/umgänge, fysisk hälsa och kriminalitet. Dominerande problemdrog äralkohol (57 procent), narkotika (37 procent) och båda (6 procent).Indikationer på tungt missbruk och svår psykisk störning togs framför ASI-data och enligt dessa uppvisar 17 procent av klienternatungt narkotikamissbruk, 13 procent tungt alkoholmissbruk och 2procent både tungt narkotika- och tungt alkoholmissbruk. Svårpsykisk störning indikeras av 28 procent av klienterna.Skillnader mellan män och kvinnor är små. Yngre missbrukarehar en betydligt sämre social situation, mer narkotikaproblem och merproblem med psykisk hälsa. Klienterna har delats in i tre åtskilda menhomogena problemprofiler. En knapp tredjedel av klienterna har fåttbehandling för sitt missbruk någon gång medan drygt hälften harfått behandling i psykiatrin. Behandling för alkoholproblem ärnågot vanligare för män, medan behandling för psykiska problem ärvanligare för kvinnor. Klienter med tungt missbruk eller svårpsykisk störning har fått behandling oftare än andra.Drygt 20 procent av klienterna har följts upp efter ca ett år.Störst förbättring sker inom alkohol där nästan hälften av klienternauppvisar en reliabel förbättring. Inom psykisk hälsa är detdrygt 40 procent och inom narkotika drygt 30 procent somförbättras.

  • 9.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Integration rules in a multiple-cue probability learning task with intercorrelated cues1975Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, B., and Armelius, K. Integratici miles in a multiple-cue probability learning task with intercorrelated cues. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 80, 1975. - The question of hew the subjects use the cues in multiple-cue probability learning tasks was studied by having the subjects fill in a questionnaire asking than to describe how they had made their predictions. The questionnaire was given after the subjects had completed their learning of a two-cue suppressor variable task for 100 trials. For 19 of the subjects it was possible to formulate a model on the basis of their verbal report. The models were classified as a) linear models b) configurai models or c) estimated weights models. The correlation between the responses generated by the model and the actual responses was computed for each subject. Goodness of fit of the models was found to be quite satisfactory. The results of the learning phase shewed that ten subjects reached a performance higher than that expected if they only utilized the information provided by the cue criterion correlations. Performance was highest for subjects using a linear model, while the achievement was low for subjects using an estimated weights model due to the low consistency. The performance of subjects using configurai models was relatively poor due to the low validity of the configurai models in the present task. When •the validity of the models was taken into account, however, the configurai nodels were found to be as easy to follow as the linear models. The conclusions were that it is possible to use the verbal reports given by the subjects to study the strategies employed by the subjects in MCPL tasks, and that it is necessary to do so since very different psychological processes may be expressed in the game mathematical model.

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    Integration rules in a multiple-cue probability learning task with intercorrelated cues
  • 10.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Social work.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Social work.
    UBÅT: En ny metod för uppföljning och beskrivning av åtgärder i missbruksvård2016In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 4, p. 14-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    fulltext
  • 11.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kullgren, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Renberg, Ellinor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Borderline diagnosis from hospital records:  reliability and validity of Gunderson's diagnostic interview for Borderlines (DIB)1985In: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, ISSN 0022-3018, E-ISSN 1539-736X, Vol. 173, no 1, p. 32-4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two trained and experienced clinical psychologists and two nontrained students rated the sections in Gunderson's Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB) on the basis of hospital records for 16 patients (DIB-R). The results showed that both reliability and validity, i.e., correlations with an actual interview, were unexpectedly high, around .80 for the trained judges and around .55 for the nontrained judges. The conclusion is that the DIB may be used for retrospective diagnosis of borderline patients from hospital records.

  • 12.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundbom, Elisabet
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Kullgren, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Personality organization defined by DMT and the structural interview1990In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 81-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The psychoanalytic concept of Personality Organization (PO) may be operationalized by means of a Structural Interview as well as by means of psychological tests. The present study utilized the Structural Interview and a projective test called the Defence Mechanism Test (DMT) to operationalize the PO concept on a sample of 50 psychiatric inpatients. The reliability of the PO judgements were found to be acceptable for both the Structural Interview and the DMT. The validity, which was estimated as the correlation between the two methods, was also found to be substantial. The conclusion is that the concept of PO may be reliably operationalized for psychiatric patients and seems to have concurrent validity. Both the DMT and the Structural Interview may be used for differential diagnosis of PO.

  • 13.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Confidence in multiple-cue judgments as a function of cue intercorrelation and task predictability1975Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, K., & Armelius, B-Å. The hypothesis that the subjects' confidence is a direct function of the cue intercorrelation, rij, in a pure judgmental task, was tested in a two-cue MCPL experiment where the cue interearrelation and total task predictability, Re2, were inversely related. The hypothesis was supported.When the subjects received no feedback confidence was determined by rij. However, when the subjectsreceived feedback the effects of rij. on confidence was, as predicted, reduced in the direction of Re2 .

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    Confidence in multiple-cue judgments as a function of cue intercorrelation and task predictability
  • 14.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Detection of cue intercorrelation in multiple-cue probability learning1975Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, K., and Armelius, B-Å. Detection of cueintercorrelation in multiple cue probability learning.Umeå Psychological Reports No. 84, 1975. - Detection of cue intercorrelation, rij, was tested in ten twocueMCPL tasks after completion of a Learning stage.The values of rij ranged from -.8O to .80. The cuecriterion correlations, rei, and the predictability of the tasks, Re2, were factorially combined. The results showed a positive linear relation between the subjective and the objective values of rij. The values of rij were, however, underestimated by about 50%. These results were consistent with previous studies on thedetection of rij. There was no relation between detection of rij and performance or any of the task parameters rei or Re2.

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    Detection of cue intercorrelation in multiple-cue probability learning
  • 15.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Note on the effects of cue-criterion correlations, cue intercorrelation and the sign of the cue intercorrelation on confidence in multiple-cue probability learning1975Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, K., and Armelius, B-Å. Note on the effects of cue-criterion correlations, cue intercorrelation and the sign of the cue intercorrelation on confidence in multiple-cue probability learning. Umeå Psychological Reports, No. 83, 1975. - The subjects' confidence in the correctness of their judgments was investigated in a two-cue MCPL-experiment, where the cue-criterion correlations,as well as the sign and magnitude of the intercorrelation between the cues were systematically varied. The results showed that even though the subjects' performance was influenced by the task parameters, their confidence was not. The subjects' confidence was low, and there were no differences among conditions. In view of the finding that performance was generally low and that all tasks were considered as equally difficult, an explanation for the result might be that the five-point rating scale used to measure confidence was too insensitive and that the criterion for correctness was too strict.

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    Note on the effects of cue-criterion correlations, cue intercorrelation and the sign of the cue intercorrelation on confidence in multiple-cue probability learning
  • 16.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Redundancy and inference behavior1976Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armelius, K., and Armelius, B-Å. Redundancy and inference behavior. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 102, 1976. -Within MCPL research redundancy has been treated as synonymous with intercorrelation among cues. As shown in the present paper this definition of redundancy is inadequate, and a definition of redundancy based on Brunswik' s conceptual frame-work and made in analogy with the definition of redundancy in information theory was proposed. Redundancy was defined as the difference between the sum of all squared correlations and the squared multiple correlation. That is, when the intercorrelation between cues does not contribute to the predictable variance in the criterion the task is redundant. When the cue intercorrelation does contribute to the predictable variance in the criterion the task was defined as a suppressor task. Some implications of this view of probabilistic inference tasks for research were discussed in the paper.

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    Redundancy and inference behavior
  • 17.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The effect of cue-criterion correlations, cue intercorrelations and the sign of the cue intercorrelation on performance in suppressor variable tasks1975Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Arraelius, K., and Armelius, B. The effect of cue-criterion correlations, cue intercorrelations and the sign of the cue intercorrelation on performance in suppressor variable tasks. Umeå Psychological Reports No. 81, 1975. - The subjects' performance was investigated in a two-cue MCPL-experiment with a 2 (Cue-criterion correlations, rel = .60 and .80) a 2 (Total task predictability, Re2 = 1.00 and .70) x 2 (Sign of rij) x 5 (Blocks) factorial design. The difference in in Re2 was due entirely to an increase in the cue2intercorrelation, rij. Effects of Re2 on performance were therefore interpreted as effects of the cueintercorrelation. Two control conditions, with orthogonal cues and the same values of rei as in the experimental conditions, were included in the design. Subject consistency was directly related to the cue-criterion correlations and the cue-judgment beta-weights were directly related to the magnitude of thecue intercorrelation. The sign of rij determined the level of consistency.

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    The effect of cue-criterion correlations, cue intercorrelations and the sign of the cue intercorrelation on performance in suppressor variable tasks
  • 18.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Engström, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Brännström, Jan
    Nyström, Siv
    Brukarna är nöjda med missbruksvården - även om problemen inte förbättrats2014In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 7, p. 38-53Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Buianina, Tatiana
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, State University of Moldova.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Measuring irrational beliefs with the idea inventory: a proposed revision2010In: Journal of School Psychology, ISSN 1844-1815, Vol. 3, no 6, p. 72-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the measurement properties of the Idea Inventory(Kassinove et al, 1993) which was designed to asses 11 types of irrationalbeliefs described by Ellis. The original 11 subscales were found to lackinternal consistency although the full 33 items showed a Cronbach’s Alphaof 0, 84. We therefore developed a new set of subscales based on the latentstructure of the items and the content of the items. The outcome was arelatively reliable set of five subscales that were also consistent with theoriginal ideas of Ellis. However, there seems to be a need for furtherrevision since many of the items seems to measure emotional reactions toirrational beliefs rather than to the irrational beliefs themselves

  • 20.
    Börjesson, Josefine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Östgård-Ybrandt, Helene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The psychometric propeerties of the Swedish version of the Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD)2007In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 225-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD) instrument were evaluated in two adolescent groups. The participants in the Normal group comprised 121 adolescents aged 15-17 years and the participants in the group of adolescents with antisocial problems comprised 1168 youths aged 10-21 years detained under the Swedish Care of Young Persons Act in special youth homes. The ADAD instrument produced good interrater reliability; the subscales showed moderate internal consistency and concept validity was satisfactory and comparable with American and Swiss versions. Finally, the ADAD subscales produced meaningful correlations. The interviewer rating, the adolescent’s rating and the composite scores are compared and discussed. The Swedish version of ADAD appears to be a psychometrically good instrument for assessing the severity of adolescent problems and their need for treatment. However, the composite scores need to be reconstructed to be useful in future research.

  • 21.
    Dennhag, Inga
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Baseline training in cognitive and psychodynamic psychotherapy during a psychologist training program: Exploring client outcomes in therapies of one or two semesters2012In: Psychotherapy Research, ISSN 1050-3307, E-ISSN 1468-4381, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 515-526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This effectiveness study explored the outcomes of 187 clients seen by 187 students undergoing baseline training in psychotherapy. Clients reduced their symptoms (SCL-90) and increased their positive self-image (SASB introject) during the therapy. Multiple regression analyses showed no differences between the cognitive and the psychodynamic training approaches and no differences between one and two semesters duration of the therapies. However, 2 - 3% of variance in end states was accounted for by the interaction between the variables, indicating a moderating effect of duration in the two approaches. Outcomes for clients in the cognitive training approach were significantly better with two semesters than with one semester, while there was no such difference in the psychodynamic approach. Consequences for baseline training are discussed.

  • 22.
    Engström, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Experience of the relationship between social workers and clients with and without a structured interview (ASI).Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Engström, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Implementering av en strukturerad intervju (ASI) i missbrukarvård och kriminalvård.2005In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 27-42Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Engström, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Klienters acceptans av strukturerade intervjuer i socialtjänsten.2002In: Nordisk sosialt arbeid, ISSN 0333-1342, E-ISSN 1504-3037, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 210-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Uppföljning och utvärdering är nu på agendan även för socialtjänstens vidkommande vilket ökar behovet av enkla användarvänliga och strukturerade dokumentationsmetoder. En viktig fråga i det sammanhanget är klientens acceptans för sådana inslag i det sociala arbetet. I följande studie har ASI-intervjun prövats med avseende på hur den påverkar relationen till socialarbetaren och klienternas förtroende för socialtjänsten.

  • 25.
    Granberg, Åke
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Self-image pattern and treatment outcome in severely disturbed psychiatric patients2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between patients’ initial ratings of their self-image and theoutcome of long-term psychiatric treatment was studied in a five -year followupstudy. The subjects were severely disturbed psychiatric patients, mainlyschizophrenics, treated in small treatment homes. A comparison was madebetween patients with a psychotic personality organization (PPO patients) anda non-psychotic personality organization (non-PPO patients), classifiedaccording to Kernberg’s (1981) criteria. Self-image was assessed with theintroject surface of Benjamin’s SASB (Structural Analysis of Social Behavior)model and two self-image patterns were computed: a positive-negative patternand a control-autonomy pattern. Two outcome measures (expressed as EffectSize) were used: subjective outcome was a combination of self-rated methods andjudged outcome was a combination of observer ratings. The relationshipbetween the two self-image patterns and outcome depended both on thepatients’ diagnosis and type of outcome. Judged outcome could not bepredicted from the self-image for the PPO patients; for the non-PPO patientsmore improvement was related to more self-control. For both patient groupssubjective outcome was related to a more negative self-image; however, thisrelationship was much stronger in the non-PPO group.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 26. Henningsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Sundbom, E
    Armelius, B-Å
    PLS model building: A multivariate approach to personality test data.2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, no 42, p. 399-409Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Holmqvist, Rolf
    et al.
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sources of psychiatric staff members' feelings towards patients and treatment outcome2006In: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, ISSN 1476-0835, E-ISSN 2044-8341, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 571-584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study had two purposes. The first was to assess to what extent psychiatric staff members' feelings towards patients in small psychiatric units could be attributed to (a) the individual staff member's habitual feeling style, (b) stable and consistent feelings towards individual patients (the patient's evocative style) and (c) the interaction between these two factors. The second purpose was to analyse the associations between the proportions of these factors and the average outcome for the patients in the units. The study was based on a previously presented model for analysing sources of staff counter-transference. The model specifies contributions from the different sources by using two-way ANOVAs. In the present study, data from 21 psychiatric treatment units for patients with psychosis and personality disorder were used. The results indicated that the staff members' individual habitual feeling style and the interaction between this habitual feeling style and the patient's evocative style contributed most to the variance in staff feelings. Patients' individual evocative patterns contributed less. Positive treatment outcome was mainly negatively associated with contributions to the staff counter-transference from these sources, implying that fixed patterns in personal feeling style or fixed reaction styles to individual patients had a negative influence on outcome.

  • 28.
    Höglund, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö hos administrativ personal vid den samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under mitten av 90-talet genomfördes en enkätundersökning bland lärareoch forskare vid samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå Universitet, medsyfte att studera hälsotillståndet och den psykosociala arbetsmiljön(Armelius, Eriksson och Höög, 1995; Armelius och Eriksson, 1997). Denadministrativa och tekniska personalen fick emellertid inte möjlighet attdelta i studien, vilket medför att deras upplevda arbetssituation har varit enokänd faktor. Under våren 2001 var det dags för en ny genomlysning avarbetsmiljön bland personalen vid den samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, ochnu omfattade enkätundersökningen samtliga personalgrupper. Denadministrativa och tekniska personalen fick besvara en parallellversion avlärar- och forskarenkäten, där frågorna var omarbetade för att passa derasspecifika arbetsuppgifter och förhållanden. Strävan var dock att de bådaenkäterna så långt som möjligt skulle likna varandra. Enkätundersökningenkommer att mynna ut i ett antal rapporter som lyfter fram olika aspekter avhälsa och arbetsmiljö. Syftet med den här studien har varit att undersöka

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  • 29.
    Lundgren, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brännström, Jan
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Chassler, Deborah
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Trocchio, Sarah
    Association between immigrant status and history of compulsory treatment in a national sample of individuals assessed for drug use disorders through the swedish public welfare system2012In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 67-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In-person interview data from 13,903 individuals assessed for a drug use disorder in the Swedish welfare system from 2002-2008, were analyzed using logistic regression methods. Second generation immigrants with non-Scandinavian parents were 41% more likely to report a history of compulsory treatment compared to those born in Sweden to Swedish parents after controlling for age, gender, education, mental health treatment homeless status history, and criminal justice history. Implications include the need to study acculturation, stigma, and discrimination-related factors as well as to promote culturally competent outreach to immigrant populations.

  • 30.
    Lundgren, Lena M
    et al.
    Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston University School of Social Work, Boston, MA., USA.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Brännström, Jan
    Field Research and Development Unit (UFFE), Umeå Social Services, Sweden.
    Chassler, Deborah
    Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston University School of Social Work, Boston, MA., USA .
    Sullivan, Lisa
    Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA., USA.
    Beskriving av tre klientprofiler inom svensk missbruksvård2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 3/4, p. 200-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En klusteranalys av intervjuarskattningar från ASI-intervjuns sju olika livsområden för 12833 klienter visade att klienterna kan delas in i tre olika klientprofiler: Narkotikaprofil, Avgränsade alkoholproblem och Alkohol och psykiska problem. I artikeln jämförs de tre profilerna med avseende på missbruksmönster, demografiska faktorer, sociala och psykiska problem, hälsa och immigrationsstatus.

  • 31.
    Lundgren, Lena
    et al.
    Boston University School of Social Work Center for Addictions Research and Services.
    Wilkey, Catriona
    Boston University School of Social Work Center for Addictions Research and Services.
    Chassler, Deborah
    Boston University School of Social Work Center for Addictions Research and Services.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Brännström, Jan
    Integrating addiction and mental health treatment within a national addiction treatment system: Using multiple statistical methods to analyze client and interviewer assessment of co-occurring mental health problems2014In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 59-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS - For a Swedish national sample of 12,833 individuals assessed for a substance use disorder (SUD) (2002-2008) in the Swedish welfare system, client self-report and clinical staff Addiction Severity Index (ASI) assessment data were used to assess mental health problem severity and needs. METHODS - Analysis of client self-report data using regression methods identified demographic characteristics associated with reporting significant mental health problems. Clinical staff assessment data from the ASI Interviewer Severity Rating (ISR) score were used to develop a K-means cluster analysis with three client cluster profiles: Narcotics (n=4795); Alcohol (n=4380); and Alcohol and Psychiatric Problems (n=3658). Chi-square and one-way ANOVA analyses identified self-reported mental health problems for these clusters. RESULTS - 44% of clients had a history of using outpatient mental health treatment, 45% reported current mental health symptoms, and 19% reported significant mental health problems. Women were 1.6 times more likely to report significant mental health problems than men. Staff assessed that 74.8% of clients had current mental health problems and that 13.9% had significant mental health problems. Client and staff results were congruent in identifying that clients in the Alcohol profile were less likely (5%) to report having significant mental health problems compared to the other two profiles (30% each). CONCLUSIONS - About 19% of clients with SUDs reported significant mental health problems, need integrated addiction and mental health treatment, and these clients are clustered in two population groups. An additional 25% of the addiction treatment population report current mental health symptoms and have at some point used mental health treatment. This national level assessment of the extent and severity of co-occurring disorders can inform decisions made regarding policy shifts towards an integrated system and the needs of clients with co-occurring disorders.

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  • 32.
    Malmgren Olsson, Eva-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Non-specific musculoskeletal disorders in patients in primary care: subgroups with different outcome patterns2003In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 161-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders are considered to be a heterogeneous group with multifactorial problems. Appropriate and effective treatments for these patients have been hard to find. The purpose of this study was to identify subgroups of patients with different patterns of treatment outcome and to find possible predictors of outcome. A total of 78 patients, 64 females and 14 males, with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders were recruited consecutively to three different treatment approaches, Body Awareness Therapy, Feldenkrais, and conventional, individual physiotherapy in primary care. The outcome variables were calculated as effect-size values and consisted of dynamic balance; pain measurements according to pain drawing and MPI; psychological variables such as psychological distress and self-image; and health related factors with regard to quality of life, self-efficacy and sense of coherence. A cluster analysis revealed three subgroups of patients with significantly different treatment outcomes, which were systematically related to the treatment approach. With Body Awareness Therapy and Feldenkrais, the possibility to achieve positive treatment effects increased significantly in comparison to individual physiotherapy.

  • 33.
    Meurle-Hallberg, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    von Koch, L
    Body patterns in patient with psychsomatic, musculoskeletal and schizophrenic disorders: Psychometric properties and clinical relevance of resource oriented body examination (robe-ii)2004In: Advances in Phsysiotherapy, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 130-142Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nyström, Siv
    Department for Knowledge-Based Policy of Social Services, National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gröonlund, Ann-Sofie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. The Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA.
    Is Clinical Assessment of Addiction Severity of Individuals with Substance UseDisorder, Using the Addiction Severity Index, A Predictor of Future InpatientMental Health Hospitalization? A Nine-Year Registry Study2018In: Journal of dual diagnosis, ISSN 1550-4263, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 187-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: In Sweden, the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare's recommended substance use disorder assessment tool and used routinely for patient intakes. Our study of 213 individuals assessed for substance use disorder with the ASI used nine years of the National Patient Register and examined whether clinical social workers' assessments of addiction severity at baseline were associated with later hospitalizations for mental health disorder (MHD). 

    Methods: ASI composite scores and interviewer severity rating were used to measure clients' problems in seven areas (mental health, family and social relationships, employment, alcohol, drug use, health, and legal) at baseline. A stepwise regression method was used to assess the relative importance of ASI composite scores, MHD hospitalization two years prior to baseline, age, and gender for MHD hospitalization seven years post-baseline. 

    Results: Almost two-thirds of the individuals (63%) were hospitalized at least once for MHD in the seven years post-baseline. At the multivariable level, MHD hospitalization prior to baseline was the strongest predictor of future MHD hospitalization, followed by ASI composite scores for drug use, employment, mental health and, last, male gender. Conclusions: A key finding is that higher ASI composite scores for drug use and mental health are predictors of future need for MHD treatment. Future studies will replicate this effort with a national population of individuals with substance use disorder.

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  • 35.
    Söderberg, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tungström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Culture bias in clinical use of the GAF scaleManuscript (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Söderberg, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tungström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    GAF-skalans reliabilitet i kliniskt arbete2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom psykiatrin finns idag rutiner för att systematiskt följa upppatientarbetet och ett resultatmått som används är skalan GlobalAssessment of Functioning (GAF). I denna studie har vi undersöktskalans reliabilitet och analyserat faktorer som kan påverka skattningen när skalan används rutinmässigt inom kliniskt arbete.81 bedömare från olika psykiatriska öppenvårdsenheter fickbedöma 8 olika patientfall. Huvudresultatet visar att den personalsom ansvarar för diagnostik och bedömningar av nybesöken inomöppenvårdspsykiatrin använder GAF-skalan med tillfredställandereliabilitet, ICC (1,1) = 0.81. Den faktor som tydligast påverkadereliabiliteten var bedömarens subjektiva inställning till att användaGAF-skalan och andra mätinstrument inom psykiatrin. När bedömarna var positivt inställda till att använda mätinstrument var mätfelen färre och vice versa. Studien visar att GAF-skalan kan användas med relativt god tillförlitlighet för att uttala sig om förändringar och resultat på gruppnivå under förutsättning att grupperna är relativt lika.

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  • 37.
    Söderberg, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Tungström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    GAF-skalans reliabilitet i klniskt arbete2004Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Söderberg, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tungström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reliability of global assessment of functioning ratings made by clinical psychiatric staff2005In: Psychiatric Services, ISSN 1075-2730, E-ISSN 1557-9700, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 434-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: In the Swedish psychiatric care system, systematic follow-upof clinical work with patients is becoming a part of regular service, anda number of care providers are using the Global Assessment of Functioning(GAF) to measure outcomes. This study investigated the reliabilityof the GAF and analyzed certain factors that affect measurementerrors when the scale is used by regular psychiatric staff.

    Methods: Eighty-one raters from various psychiatric outpatient clinics ratedeight case vignettes. Interrater reliability was assessed by using intraclasscorrelation coefficients (ICCs), and factors associated with reliabilitywere analyzed by using raters’ unique residual values.

    Results: The results showed that staff who are responsible for assessing firsttimepatients at outpatient psychiatric clinics and making diagnoses areusing the GAF with satisfactory reliability (ICC1,1=.81). The factors associatedwith reliability were raters’ subjective attitude toward the GAF and motivation to use the scale and other measurement instruments inpsychiatry.

    Conclusions: GAF ratings made by an individual rater can beused to measure changes and outcomes at the group level. However, themeasurement error is too large for assessment of change for an individualpatient, in which case it might be necessary to use several raters. If raters are positively inclined to use rating instruments, measurementerrors are minimized and reliability is maximized.

  • 39.
    Tungström, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Söderberg, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Diagnostic reliability of DSM-IV axis I in clinical practiceManuscript (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Tungström, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Söderberg, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Relationship between the global assessment of functioning and other DSM axes in routine clinical work2005In: Psychiatric Services, ISSN 1075-2730, E-ISSN 1557-9700, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 439-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of theGlobal Assessment of Functioning (GAF) when routinely used in clinicalwork by focusing on the relations between the GAF, other axes in theDSM system, and some demographic variables conceptually derived ontheoretical and clinical grounds.

    Methods: A clinical database containingdata for 5,538 patients assessed by 181 raters as a part of routinepractice in psychiatric outpatient settings in Sweden was used. A hierarchicallinear regression model and a variance component model wereused to analyze the data. Regression models were also used to determinehow the relation between the GAF and axis I depends on the selectionof diagnostic groups in the sample.

    Results: Seventeen percentof the systematic variance in GAF scores was explained by diagnosticdifferences as defined on DSM-IV axis I, and 5.1 percent was explainedby psychosocial and environmental problems as measured on DSM-IVaxis IV. Unexpectedly, the site of the investigation explained another 3.6percent of the variance.

    Conclusions: The GAF can be used as a comprehensivemeasure of global mental health in routine clinical work forassessment and for outcome management.

  • 41.
    Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Börjesson, Josefine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Measurments instruments scales tests: The Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis composite scores in Swedish normal and antisocial adolescents2008In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 1411-1423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study evaluates the utility and issues around the composite scores in Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD). Participants were Swedish normal adolescents (121) and adolescents manifesting antisocial problems (1,168), ages 10 to 21. The results show that the interviewer severity ratings seem to be the most appropriate outcome when the objective is to differentiate between normal and antisocial adolescents. The composite scores appear to function as an indicator of current problems in all areas except for Medical and Alcohol sections. The critical items within the Medical and Alcohol composite scores are explored and discussed.

  • 42.
    Östgård-Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Perception of early mother and father behavior in adolescence.: A study of age and gender differences in groups of normal and antisocial adolescents2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined age and gender differences in the perceptions of early mother and father behavior in a group of normal adolescents. Two hundred and seventy-seven boys and girls (aged 12–18 years) completed EMBU (My memories of Upbringing), a questionnaire measuring perceptions of parental rearing behaviors, and questionnaires based on the Structural Analysis of Social behavior (SASB) model. A group of 30antisocial adolescents of similar age was included as a comparison group.The results show that the normal adolescents’ perception of earlyparental behavior is positive with no age or gender differences. The earlybehavior of the mother was perceived more positively than that of thefather. A more negative perception of early parental behaviors was foundin the antisocial adolescent group and especially in the group of antisocial girls. The results of EMBU were consistent with those of SASB with perceptions of more negative parental behavior of rejection and overprotection in the group of antisocial adolescents.

  • 43.
    Östgård-Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Self-concept in adolescence.: A study of age and gender differences in groups of normal and antisocial adolescents2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the self-concept in a group of 277 normaladolescents with respect to differences in age (12-18 years) and genderand the interaction between age and gender. As a comparison, 27antisocial adolescents of similar age participated in the study. Theadolescents completed a questionnaire based on the SASB-model. Theresults showed that the normal adolescent self-concept is positive andthat there are no age or gender differences. A more autonomous andmore negative self-concept is found in the antisocial group ofadolescents. The antisocial girls seem to show more self-hate than allother groups. The conclusion from the study is that there is no evidenceof a chaotic self-concept during normal adolescence, but that anantisocial way of life might be reflected in a more negative and autonomous self-concept during adolescence.

  • 44.
    Östgård-Ybrandt, Helene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Armelius, Bengt-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The relation between self-concept and concepts of early parental behavior for adolescentsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
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