umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
12 1 - 50 of 54
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Bortolotti, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Birmingham, Department of Philosophy.
    Cutas, Daniela
    University of Gothenburg,Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science.
    Reproductive and parental autonomy: an argument for compulsory parental education2009Inngår i: Reproductive Biomedicine Online, ISSN 1472-6483, E-ISSN 1472-6491, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 5-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we argue that comprehensive and systematic parental education has the potential to equip young adults with the necessary information for the responsible exercise of their autonomy in choices about reproduction and parenting. Education can allow young adults to acquire largely accurate beliefs about reproduction and parenting and about the implications of their reproductive and parental choices. Far from being a limitation of individual freedom, the acquisition of relevant information about reproduction and parenting and the acquisition of self-knowledge with respect to reproductive and parenting choices can help give shape to individual life plans. We make a case for compulsory parental education on the basis of the need to respect and enhance individual reproductive and parental autonomy within a culture that presents contradictory attitudes towards reproduction and where decisions about whether to become a parent are subject to significant pressure and scrutiny.

  • 2.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ai cui sunt embrionii?2015Inngår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 3.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Au generaţiile viitoare dreptul la o societate non-discriminatorie?2004Inngår i: Drepturile omului la intâlnirea dintre culturi / [ed] J. Rüsen, H.-K. Keul, A.P. Iliescu, Bucharest: Paralela 45 , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Casatoria intre persoane de acelasi sex, perpetuarea speciei umane si cresterea de copii2013Inngår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Ce se intampla cu ovulele?: Cand parintii care si-au pierdut fiica ar putea deveni bunici2015Inngår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Cutas, Daniela
    University of Gothenburg.
    Children with Gender Identity Disorder: a Clinical, Ethical, and Legal Analysis. Author: Simona Giordano, 2013, Published by Routledge2015Inngår i: Analize – Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies, Vol. 4, nr 18, s. 117-125Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Clone, gene şi nemurire, authored by John Harris, Bucureşti: Curtea Veche, 20032003Inngår i: Romanian Journal of Society and Politics, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 236-238Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Cum a devenit un barbat tatal fratelui sau: aspecte etice si legale2015Inngår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 9.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Despre iubire, prietenie si familie2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Etica reproducerii umane cu gameti creati in laborator2014Inngår i: Dilema Veche, ISSN 1841-3587, nr 536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Framtidens familjer: definitioner, etik och politik2015Inngår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 12-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    GenEtica Reproducerii. Politici ale moralităţii şi moralitatea politicilor [The GenEthics of Reproduction. Policies of morality and the morality of policies]2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The book comprises three parts: (1) a general presentation and analysis of the main relevant concepts: bioethics, human genetic engineering, eugenics, disability and, particularly, of the relations between these; (2) the analysis of two documents of the Council of Europe (the so called “Bioethics Convention” and its first protocol), and the reconstruction of the debates surrounding their primary concerns: human dignity and rights in relation to the prospect of human genetic engineering; and (3) the analysis of a Romanian draft law on human assisted reproduction and of the Romanian legislative endeavours and debates regarding human genetic engineering.

  • 13.
    Cutas, Daniela
    University of Gothenburg, Philosophy Department.
    Illegal Beings. Human Cloning and the Law2008Inngår i: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 34, nr 6, s. 510-510Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Cutas, Daniela
    University of Gothenburg, Philosophy Department.
    Immortal Fetuses2008Inngår i: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, ISSN 0963-1801, E-ISSN 1469-2147, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 322-329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Infertility, ethics, and the future: an exploration2017Inngår i: The Palgrave handbook of infertility in history: approaches, contexts and perspectives / [ed] Gayle Davis, Tracey Loughran, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 609-624Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores current and prospective reproductive technologies and some of their likely implications for reproductive and family ethics and policymaking. The technologies discussed include uterus transplants, mitochondrial transfer, ectogenesis, the development of in vitro gametes, and solo reproduction. The chapter considers the impact of these developments on the content of concepts such as 'infertility', 'mother', or 'father'. Another layer to this process of redefinition originates in ongoing socio-cultural changes that shift the focus in parenting from the way in which children have come into the world, to relationships within the family. Considering these scenarios beforehand can help to clarify some of the current challenges in defining and regulating infertility. The chapter therefore aims to raise a number of questions rather than provide answers.

  • 16.
    Cutas, Daniela
    University of Gothenburg, Philosophy Department.
    Life extension, overpopulation and the right to life: against lethal ethics2008Inngår i: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 34, nr 9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Some of the objections to life-extension stem from a concern with overpopulation. I will show that whether or not the overpopulation threat is realistic, arguments from overpopulation cannot ethically demand halting the quest for, nor access to, life-extension. The reason for this is that we have a right to life, which entitles us not to have meaningful life denied to us against our will and which does not allow discrimination solely on the grounds of age. If the threat of overpopulation creates a rights conflict between the right to come into existence, the right to reproduce, the right to more opportunities and space (if, indeed, these rights can be successfully defended), and the right to life, the latter ought to be given precedence.

  • 17.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Faculty of Political Science, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania / NSPSPA, Bucharest .
    Looking for the meaning of dignity in the bioethics convention and the cloning protocol2005Inngår i: Health Care Analysis, ISSN 1065-3058, E-ISSN 1573-3394, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 303-313Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is focused on the analysis of two documents (the Council of Europe's Bioethics Convention and the Additional Cloning Protocol) inasmuch as they refer to the relationship between human dignity and human genetic engineering. After presenting the stipulations of the abovementioned documents, I will review various proposed meanings of human dignity and will try to identify which of these seem to be at the core of their underlying assumptions. Is the concept of dignity proposed in the two documents coherent? Is it morally legitimate? Is it, as some might assume, of Kantian origin? Does it have any philosophical roots?

  • 18.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Department of Philosophy, University of Gothenburg.
    On a Romanian attempt to legislate on medically assisted human reproduction2008Inngår i: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 56-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents and briefly analyses some of the provisions of a Romanian legislative proposal which arrived at the Presidency for ratification twice, in slightly different forms, and which was rejected twice: the first time at the Presidency in October 2004, and the second at the Constitutional Court in July 2005. The proposal was finally dropped in February 2006. My intention here is to point to some of the most problematic deficiencies of the legislative document in the hope that this may assist with future debates and regulations on assisted reproduction either in Romania or elsewhere. I have isolated the features to be discussed under two headings: (1) whose are the rights to reproduce, that the document claimed to 'acknowledge, regulate and guarantee' and (2) what is the status of the embryo, the child and the surrogate mother?

  • 19. Cutas, Daniela
    On triparenting. Is having three committed parents better than having only two?2011Inngår i: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 37, nr 12, s. 735-738Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research indicates that single parenting is not by itself worse for children than their being brought up by both their parents, there are reasons why it is better for children to have more than one committed parent. If having two committed parents is better, everything else being equal, than having just one, I argue that it might be even better for children to have three committed parents. There might, in addition, be further reasons why allowing triparenting would benefit children and adults, at least in some cases. Whether or not triparenting is on the whole preferable to bi- or monoparenting, it does have certain advantages (as well as shortcomings) which, at the very least, warrant its inclusion in debates over the sorts of family structures we should allow in our societies, and how many people should be accepted in them. This paper has the modest aim of scratching the surface of this wider topic by challenging the necessity of the max-two-parents framework.

  • 20.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Polyamory2016Inngår i: The International Encyclopedia of Ethics / [ed] Hugh LaFollette, John Wiley & Sons, 2016Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The term “polyamory” stands for love relationships between more than two romantic or sexual partners, or loving more than one person. It means being open to engaging in consensual non-monogamous love relationships at the same time and in this way it is different from serial monogamy (having only one romantic partner at a time, but several during one's lifetime). In a broader sense, polyamory is also taken to denote a willingness to accept that romantic love may involve more than two partners. A core tenet of polyamory is that loving one person does not need to exclude loving another, and that love is, or should be, inclusive.

  • 21.
    Cutas, Daniela
    School of Law, University of Manchester, UK.
    Postmenopausal motherhood: immoral, illegal? A case study2007Inngår i: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 21, nr 8, s. 458-463Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores the ethics of post-menopausal motherhood by looking at the case of Adriana Iliescu, the oldest woman ever to have given birth (so far). To this end, I will approach the three most common objections brought against the mother and/or against the team of healthcare professionals who made it happen: the age of the mother, the fact that she is single, the appropriateness of her motivation and of that of the medical team.

  • 22.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Primul copil nascut in urma unui transplant de uter. Cateva implicatii etice2014Inngår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Reglementarea reproducerii asistate în România. O analiză critică a legii 217/20032005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Cutas, Daniela
    University of Gothenburg,Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science.
    Sex is overrated: On the right to reproduce2009Inngår i: Human Fertility, ISSN 1464-7273, E-ISSN 1742-8149, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 45-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    I will show that what is respected the most in human reproduction and parenting is not a right to reproduce in the way in which this right is explicitly proposed. The only way in which people can become, and function as, parents without having to submit themselves to anyone else’s judgments and decisions, is by having reproductive sex. Whatever one’s intentions, social status, standard of living, income etc., so long as assistance is not required, that person’s reproductive decisions will not be interfered with in any way, at least not until neglect or abuse of their offspring becomes known. Moreover, none of the features that are said to back the right to reproduce (such as bodily integrity or personal autonomy) can justify one’s unquestioned access to the relationship with another unable to consent (the child). This indicates that the discourse in terms of the right to reproduce as is currently used so as to justify non-interference with natural reproduction and parenting coupled with the regulation of assisted forms of reproduction and parenting, is at best self-deluding and that all it protects is people’s freedom to have reproductive sex and handle the consequences.

  • 25.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Should parents take active steps to preserve their children's fertility?2017Inngår i: Parental responsibility in the context of neuroscience and genetics / [ed] Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas, Dorothee Horstkötter, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 189-205Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that, when there is a probable imminent risk of loss of children's fertility, their parents should take active steps to preserve their reproductive potential if possible – or even that children have a right to such interventions being undertaken on them on their behalf, as an expression of their right to an open future. In this chapter, I explore these proposals and some of their implications. I place the discussion of fertility preservation for children into the more general context of the choices that parents might have to help keep their children's future reproductive (and parenting) choices open. I discuss the role of desert and fairness in arguments for fertility preservation and their relevance for framings of infertility in general, as well as the relation between having a (slight) possibility to reproduce and becoming a parent.

  • 26.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The composition of the family2018Inngår i: The Routledge handbook of the philosophy of childhood and children / [ed] Anca Gheaus, Gideon Calder and Jurgen De Wispelaere, Routledge, 2018, s. 191-201Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter starts with an exploration of what the family is in order then to move on to look at its parts. The family has been defined in terms of its form (e.g. a mother, a father, and their biological offspring) or its function (e.g. adults taking and/or sharing custodial responsibility for children). In both of these cases, children are a necessary ingredient for a unit to be called a family – but the chapter also briefly reviews proposals to extend the accolade of "family" to beyond child-rearing. From a perspective concerned primarily with family form, biological and more specifically genetic parents have been seen as those to whom children should be born, and by whom they should be raised. From a perspective concerned with family function, this is not necessarily the case. Lastly, the chapter looks at the relation between parents and the requirements that co-parenting may generate in this regard.

  • 27.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Undervisning i forskningsetik kräver praktisk relevans och moralfilosofisk teori2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 28.
    Cutas, Daniela
    The Centre for Social Ethics and Policy School of Law, University of Manchester.
    Whose Body is it Anyway? Justice and the Integrity of the Person2007Inngår i: Medical Law Review, ISSN 0967-0742, E-ISSN 1464-3790, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 419-425Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Bortolotti, Lisa
    University of Birmingham, Department of Philosophy.
    Natural versus Assisted Reproduction: In Search of Fairness2010Inngår i: Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology, ISSN 1941-6008, E-ISSN 1941-6008, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 1-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we are concerned with the ethical implications of the distinction between natural reproduction (via sexual intercourse) and reproduction that requires assistance (either medical or social). We argue that the current practice of enforcing regulations on the latter but not on the former means of reproduction is ethically unjustified. It is not defensible to tolerate parental ignorance or abuse in natural reproduction and subsequently in natural parenting, whilst submitting assisted reproduction and parenting to invasive scrutiny. Our proposal is to guarantee equal (ethical and legal) treatment to people engaging in either form of reproduction or parenting.

  • 30.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department for Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, and The Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Chan, SarahUniversity of Manchester, Institute for Ethics, Science and Innovation.
    Families - Beyond the Nuclear Ideal2012Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines, through a multi-disciplinary lens, the possibilities offered by relationships and family forms that challenge the nuclear family ideal, and some of the arguments that recommend or disqualify these as legitimate units in our societies. That children should be conceived naturally, born to and raised by their two young, heterosexual, married to each other, genetic parents; that this relationship between parents is also the ideal relationship between romantic or sexual partners; and that romance and sexual intimacy ought to be at the core of our closest personal relationships - all these elements converge towards the ideal of the nuclear family. The authors consider a range of relationship and family structures that depart from this ideal: polyamory and polygamy, single and polyparenting, parenting by gay and lesbian couples, as well as families created through current and prospective modes of assisted human reproduction such as surrogate motherhood, donor insemination, and reproductive cloning.

  • 31.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. The Department for Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, and The Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chan, Sarah
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Introduction: perspectives on private and family life2012Inngår i: Families – Beyond the Nuclear Ideal / [ed] Daniela Cutas and Sarah Chan, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2012, s. 1-12Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands .
    Dondorp, Wybo
    Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands .
    Swierstra, Tsjalling
    Department of Philosophy, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands .
    Repping, Sjoerd
    Centre for Reproductive Medicine, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    de Wert, Guido
    Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Artificial gametes: perspectives of geneticists, ethicists and representatives of potential users2014Inngår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 339-345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several threads of research towards developing artificial gametes are ongoing in a number of research labs worldwide. The development of a technology that could generate gametes in vitro has significant potential for human reproduction, and raises a lot of interest, as evidenced by the frequent and extensive media coverage of research in this area. We have asked researchers involved in work with artificial gametes, ethicists, and representatives of potential user groups, how they envisioned the use of artificial gametes in human reproduction. In the course of three focus groups, the participants commented on the various aspects involved. The two recurring themes were the strength of the claim of becoming a parent genetically, and the importance of responsible communication of science. The participants concurred that (a) the desire or need to have genetic offspring of one’s own does not warrant the investment of research resources into these technologies, and that (b) given the minefield in terms of moral controversy and sensitivity that characterises the issues involved, how information is communicated and handled is of great importance.

  • 33.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Gheaus, Anca
    Paternal responsibility for children and pediatric hospital policies in Romania2019Inngår i: What about the family?: practices of responsibility in care / [ed] Marian A. Verkerk, Hilde Lindemann and Janice McLaughlin, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019, s. 100-108Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this brief text we look at one instance of how gender norms continue to inform institutional treatment of parents regarding care for children: specifically, at how the exercise of fathers' responsibilities for their children can be discouraged or altogether blocked. 

  • 34.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Giordano, Simona
    CSEP/ISEI, School of Law, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Is it a boy or a girl?: Who should (not) know children’s sex and why?2012Inngår i: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present the case of a couple who refused to disclose the sex of their child to others, and some of the responses that this case prompted in the international media. We outline the ethical issues that this case raises, and we place it into the more general context of parental preferences regarding the gender (development) of their children and of the impact on children of parental choices in the matter. Based on current knowledge of gender identity development, we identify some of the potential pitfalls of such a course of action and we briefly present some alternative strategies that could be implemented in order to ensure more freedom of gender formation in children.

  • 35.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Harris, John
    University of Manchester, Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation.
    Le clonage humain est-il un mal?2005Inngår i: Un homme nouveau par le clonage reproductif? Fantasmes, raisons, défis / [ed] D. Müller and H. Poltiers, Genève: Labor & Fides , 2005Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Harris, John
    University of Manchester, Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation.
    The ethics of ageing, immortality and genetics2007Inngår i: Principles of Health Care Ethics / [ed] Richard Ashcroft, Angus Dawson, Heather Draper, John McMillan, John Wiley & Sons, 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The questions we address are the following: Are we entitled to access life extension therapies? Must we draw the line at some point (say 120 years, the maximum life span so far, or maybe even earlier) and decide that that’s that and now we must die? Are there considerations that might make either living or making it possible to live after a certain ages immoral? Does justice require foregoing life extension therapies or does it require the development and application of these therapies?

  • 37.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hens, Kristien
    Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Preserving children's fertility: two tales about children's right to an open future and the margins of parental obligations2015Inngår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 253-260Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sources, extent and margins of parental obligations in taking decisions regarding their children’s medical care are subjects of ongoing debates. Balancing children’s immediate welfare with keeping their future open is a delicate task. In this paper, we briefly present two examples of situations in which parents may be confronted with the choice of whether to authorise or demand non-therapeutic interventions on their children for the purpose of fertility preservation. The first example is that of children facing cancer treatment, and the second of children with Klinefelter syndrome. We argue that, whereas decisions of whether to preserve fertility may be prima facie within the limits of parental discretion, the right to an open future does not straightforwardly put parents under an obligation to take actions that would detect or relieve future infertility in their children—and indeed in some cases taking such actions is problematic.

  • 38.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Munthe, Christian
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science.
    Legal imperialism in the regulation of stem cell research and therapy: the problem of extraterritorial jurisdiction2010Inngår i: Contested Cells: Global Perspectives on the Stem Cell Debates / [ed] B. Capps and A. Campbell, Singapore and London: World Scientific and Imperial College Press , 2010Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Shaw, David
    Basel, Switzerland; Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Writers blocked: on the wrongs of research co-authorship and some possible strategies for improvement2015Inngår i: Science and Engineering Ethics, ISSN 1353-3452, E-ISSN 1471-5546, Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 1315-1329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The various problems associated with co-authorship of research articles have attracted much attention in recent years. We believe that this (hopefully) growing awareness is a very welcome development. However, we will argue that the particular and increasing importance of authorship and the harmful implications of current practices of research authorship for junior researchers have not been emphasised enough. We will use the case of our own research area (bioethics) to illustrate some of the pitfalls of current publishing practices – in particular, the impact on the evaluation of one’s work in the area of employment or funding. Even where there are explicit guidelines, they are often disregarded. This disregard, which is often exemplified through the inflation of co-authorship in some research areas, may seem benign to some of us; but it is not. Attribution of co-authorship for reasons other than merit in relation to the publication misrepresents the work towards that publication, and generates unfair competition. We make a case for increasing awareness, for transparency and for more explicit guidelines and regulation of research co-authorship within and across research areas. We examine some of the most sensitive areas of concern and their implications for researchers, particularly junior ones, and we suggest several strategies for future action.

  • 40.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. FLOV, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Smajdor, Anna
    ‘Duped Fathers’, ‘Cuckoo Children’, and the Problem of Basing Fatherhood on Biology: A Philosophical Analysis2020Inngår i: Assistierte Reproduktion mit Hilfe Dritter / [ed] Katharina Beier, Claudia Brügge, Petra Thorn, Claudia Wiesemann, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2020, s. 171-182Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Who is a child’s father? Is it the man who raised her, or the one whose genes she carries—or both? WIn this chapter, we look at the view that men who have raised children they falsely believed to be ‘their own’ have been victims of a form of fraud or are ‘false fathers’. We consider the question of who has been harmed in such cases, and in what the harm consists. We use conceptual analysis, a philosophical method of investigating the use of a concept and the logical implications of its various interpretations. We devise and discuss a number of possible scenarios in which a couple (arguably) become the parents of a child. We use these scenarios to illustrate the tenuousness of the claim that we can simply rely on biology to clarify parent-child relationships. We also discuss some of the underpinnings and implications of the language in which the debate on ‘paternity fraud’ has been framed: ‘duped’ or ‘false’ fathers and ‘cuckoo children’.

  • 41.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Smajdor, Anna
    Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK .
    "I am your mother and your father!": in vitro derived gametes and the ethics of solo reproduction2017Inngår i: Health Care Analysis, ISSN 1065-3058, E-ISSN 1573-3394, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 354-369Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we will discuss the prospect of human reproduction achieved with gametes originating from only one person. According to statements by a minority of scientists working on the generation of gametes in vitro, it may become possible to create eggs from men’s non-reproductive cells and sperm from women’s. This would enable, at least in principle, the creation of an embryo from cells obtained from only one individual: ‘solo reproduction’. We will consider what might motivate people to reproduce in this way, and the implications that solo reproduction might have for ethics and policy. We suggest that such an innovation is unlikely to revolutionise reproduction and parenting. Indeed, in some respects it is less revolutionary than in vitro fertilisation as a whole. Furthermore, we show that solo reproduction with in vitro created gametes is not necessarily any more ethically problematic than gamete donation - and probably less so. Where appropriate, we draw parallels with the debate surrounding reproductive cloning. We note that solo reproduction may serve to perpetuate reductive geneticised accounts of reproduction, and that this may indeed be ethically questionable. However, in this it is not unique among other technologies of assisted reproduction, many of which focus on genetic transmission. It is for this reason that a ban on solo reproduction might be inconsistent with continuing to permit other kinds of reproduction that also bear the potential to strengthen attachment to a geneticised account of reproduction. Our claim is that there are at least as good reasons to pursue research towards enabling solo reproduction, and eventually to introduce solo reproduction as an option for fertility treatment, as there are to do so for other infertility related purposes.

  • 42.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Smajdor, Anna
    Postmenopausal Motherhood Reloaded: Advanced Age and In Vitro Derived Gametes2015Inngår i: Hypatia, ISSN 0887-5367, E-ISSN 1527-2001, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 386-402Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we look at the implications of a prospective emerging technology for the case in favor of, or against, postmenopausal motherhood. Technologies such as in vitro derived gametes (sperm and eggs derived from non-reproductive cells) have the potential to influence the ways in which reproductive medicine is practiced, and will bring new dimensions to debates in this area. We explain what in vitro derived gametes are and how their development may impact on the case of postmenopausal motherhood. We briefly review some of the concerns that postmenopausal motherhood has raised – and the implications that the successful development, and use in reproduction, of artificial gametes might have for such concerns. The concerns addressed include arguments from nature, risks and efficacy, reduced energy of the mother, and maternal life expectancy. We also consider whether the use of in vitro derived gametes to facilitate postmenopausal motherhood would contribute to reinforcing a narrow geneticized account of reproduction and a pro-reproductive culture that encourages women to produce genetically related offspring at all costs. 

  • 43.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Smajdor, Anna
    Reproductive technologies and the family in the twenty-first century2019Inngår i: The freedom of scientific research: Bridging the gap between science and society / [ed] Simona Giordano, Manchester University Press, 2019, s. 57-70Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 44.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Smajdor, Anna
    The moral status of the (nuclear) family2017Inngår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 5-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The family is commonly regarded as being an important social institution. In several policy areas, evidence can be found that the family is treated as an entity towards which others can have moral obligations; it has needs and interests that require protection; it can be ill and receive treatment. The interests attributed to the family are not reducible to those of its members – and may even come into conflict with them. Using Warren's criteria for moral status, we show that, although the status of the family is not explicitly described in terms of moral status, the way in which it is treated implies that it has such status. 

  • 45.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Smajdor, Anna
    Hens, Kristien
    Procreative procrastination: the ethics of postponed parenthood2017Inngår i: Preventing age related fertility loss / [ed] Dominic Stoop, Springer Publishing Company, 2017, s. 141-156Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there has been growing concern over the perceived tendency of women to postpone childbearing. In this chapter, we show that some of the responses to the phenomenon of postponed reproduction are deeply problematic. The question of whether it is accurate to construe later motherhood as postponement at all is far from clear. Moreover, public health messages tend to recommend earlier motherhood as a way of avoiding risks, but this is a crude oversimplification: reproduction involves risks whenever it is undertaken. The focus on risk calls into question some of the strategies intended to remedy postponement of parenthood. There is also the question of where men feature in these decisions: they are all but absent in the public health material and media debates. We consider whether technology could offer a solution to postponement of parenthood, whether there are any benefits to postponement, and finally, whether postponed parenthood could itself be seen as part of a broader trend towards neoteny (the delaying of maturity) in human evolution.

  • 46.
    Cutaş, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    On Love2018Inngår i: Analize – Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies, ISSN 2344-2352, nr 11, s. 5-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47. Hens, Kristien
    et al.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Horstkötter, Dorothee
    Parental responsibility: a moving target2017Inngår i: Parental responsibility in the context of neuroscience and genetics / [ed] Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas, Dorothee Horstkötter, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 1-12Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Beliefs about the moral status of children have changed significantly in recent decades in the Western world. At the same time, knowledge about likely consequences for children of individual, parental, and societal choices has grown, as has the array of choices that (prospective) parents may have at their disposal. The intersection between these beliefs, this new knowledge, and these new choices has created a minefield of expectations from parents and a seemingly ever-expanding responsibility towards their children. Some of these new challenges have resulted from progress in genetics and neuroscience. It is these challenges that we focus on in this introduction and volume.

  • 48. Hens, Kristien
    et al.
    Cutas, DanielaUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosopy, Linguistics and Theory of Science University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden.Horstkötter, Dorothee
    Parental responsibility in the context of neuroscience and genetics2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Should parents aim to make their children as normal as possible to increase their chances to "fit in"? Are neurological and mental health conditions a part of children's identity and if so, should parents aim to remove or treat these? Should they aim to instill self-control in their children? Should prospective parents take steps to insure that, of all the children they could have, they choose the ones with the best likely start in life?

    This volume explores all of these questions and more. Against the background of recent findings and expected advances in neuroscience and genetics, the extent and limits of parental responsibility are increasingly unclear. Awareness of the effects of parental choices on children's wellbeing, as well as evolving norms about the moral status of children, have further increased expectations from (prospective) parents to take up and act on their changing responsibilities. The contributors discuss conceptual issues such as the meaning and sources of moral responsibility, normality, treatment, and identity. They also explore more practical issues such as how responsibility for children is practiced in Yoruba culture in Nigeria or how parents and health professionals in Belgium perceive the dilemmas generated by prenatal diagnosis.

  • 49. Munthe, Christian
    et al.
    Sandman, Lars
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Person centred care and shared decision making: implications for ethics, public health and research2012Inngår i: Health Care Analysis, ISSN 1065-3058, E-ISSN 1573-3394, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 231-249Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a systematic account of ethical issues actualised in different areas, as well as at different levels and stages of health care, by introducing organisational and other procedures that embody a shift towards person centred care and shared decision-making (PCC/SDM). The analysis builds on general ethical theory and earlier work on aspects of PCC/SDM relevant from an ethics perspective.This account leads up to a number of theoretical as well as empirical and practice oriented issues that, in view of broad advancements towards PCC/SDM, need to be considered by health care ethics researchers. Given a PCC/SDM-based reorientation of health care practice, such ethics research is essential from a quality assurance perspective.

  • 50.
    Smajdor, Anna
    et al.
    University of East Anglia.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Artificial Gametes2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
12 1 - 50 of 54
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf