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  • 1. Brodin, Nina
    et al.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Verksamhetsutvecklingsstaben - Vård och hälsa, Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Jensen, Irene
    Nisell, Ralph
    Opava, Christina H
    Coaching patients with early rheumatoid arthritis to healthy physical activity: a multicenter, randomized, controlled study2008Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism, ISSN 0004-3591, E-ISSN 1529-0131, Vol. 59, nr 3, s. 325-331Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a 1-year coaching program for healthy physical activity on perceived health status, body function, and activity limitation in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.

    METHODS: A total of 228 patients (169 women, 59 men, mean age 55 years, mean time since diagnosis 21 months) were randomized to 2 groups after assessments with the EuroQol visual analog scale (VAS), Grippit, Timed-Stands Test, Escola Paulista de Medicina Range of Motion scale, walking in a figure-of-8, a visual analog scale for pain, the Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index, a self-reported physical activity questionnaire, and the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints. All patients were regularly seen by rheumatologists and underwent rehabilitation as prescribed. Those in the intervention group were further individually coached by a physical therapist to reach or maintain healthy physical activity (> or =30 minutes, moderately intensive activity, most days of the week).

    RESULTS: The retention rates after 1 year were 82% in the intervention group and 85% in the control group. The percentages of individuals in the intervention and control groups fulfilling the requirements for healthy physical activity were similar before (47% versus 51%; P > 0.05) and after (54% versus 44%; P > 0.05) the intervention. Analyses of outcome variables indicated improvements in the intervention group over the control group in the EuroQol VAS (P = 0.025) and muscle strength (Timed-Stands Test; P = 0.000) (Grippit; P = 0.003), but not in any other variables assessed.

    CONCLUSION: A 1-year coaching program for healthy physical activity resulted in improved perceived health status and muscle strength, but the mechanisms remain unclear, as self-reported physical activity at healthy level did not change.

  • 2.
    Edvardsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Nyström, Monica E
    Medical Management Centre, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management & Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm Sweden .
    Sustainable practice change. Professionals' experiences with a multisectoral child health promotion programme in Sweden.2011Ingår i: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 61-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: New methods for prevention and health promotion and are constantly evolving; however, positive outcomes will only emerge if these methods are fully adopted and sustainable in practice. To date, limited attention has been given to sustainability of health promotion efforts. This study aimed to explore facilitators, barriers, and requirements for sustainability as experienced by professionals two years after finalizing the development and implementation of a multisectoral child health promotion programme in Sweden (the Salut programme). Initiated in 2005, the programme uses a 'Salutogenesis' approach to support health-promoting activities in health care, social services, and schools.

    METHODS: All professionals involved in the Salut Programme's pilot areas were interviewed between May and September 2009, approximately two years after the intervention package was established and implemented. Participants (n=23) were midwives, child health nurses, dental hygienists/dental nurses, and pre-school teachers. Transcribed data underwent qualitative content analysis to illuminate perceived facilitators, barriers, and requirements for program sustainability.

    RESULTS: The programme was described as sustainable at most sites, except in child health care. The perception of facilitators, barriers, and requirements were largely shared across sectors. Facilitators included being actively involved in intervention development and small-scale testing, personal values corresponding to programme intentions, regular meetings, working close with collaborators, using manuals and a clear programme branding. Existing or potential barriers included insufficient managerial involvement and support and perceived constraints regarding time and resources. In dental health care, barriers also included conflicting incentives for performance. Many facilitators and barriers identified by participants also reflected their perceptions of more general and forthcoming requirements for program sustainability.

    CONCLUSIONS: These results contribute to the knowledge of processes involved in achieving sustainability in health promotion initiatives. Facilitating factors include involving front-line professionals in intervention development and using small scale testing; however, the success of a program requires paying attention to the role of managerial support and an overall supportive system. In summary, these results emphasise the importance for both practitioners and researchers to pay attention to parallel processes at different levels in multidisciplinary improvement efforts intended to ensure sustainable practice change.

  • 3.
    Edvardsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Nyström, Monica E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Small, Rhonda
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Giving offspring a healthy start: parents' experiences of health promotion and lifestyle change during pregnancy and early parenthood2011Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 11, s. 936-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There are good opportunities in Sweden for health promotion targeting expectant parents and parents of young children, as almost all are reached by antenatal and child health care. In 2005, a multisectoral child health promotion programme (the Salut Programme) was launched to further strengthen such efforts.

    METHODS: Between June and December 2010 twenty-four in-depth interviews were conducted separately with first-time mothers and fathers when their child had reached 18 months of age. The aim was to explore their experiences of health promotion and lifestyle change during pregnancy and early parenthood. Qualitative manifest and latent content analysis was applied.

    RESULTS: Parents reported undertaking lifestyle changes to secure the health of the fetus during pregnancy, and in early parenthood to create a health-promoting environment for the child. Both women and men portrayed themselves as highly receptive to health messages regarding the effect of their lifestyle on fetal health, and they frequently mentioned risks related to tobacco and alcohol, as well as toxins and infectious agents in specific foods. However, health promotion strategies in pregnancy and early parenthood did not seem to influence parents to make lifestyle change primarily to promote their own health; a healthy lifestyle was simply perceived as 'common knowledge'. Although trust in health care was generally high, both women and men described some resistance to what they saw as preaching, or very directive counselling about healthy living and the lack of a holistic approach from health care providers. They also reported insufficient engagement with fathers in antenatal care and child health care.

    CONCLUSION: Perceptions about risks to the offspring's health appear to be the primary driving force for lifestyle change during pregnancy and early parenthood. However, as parents' motivation to prioritise their own health per se seems to be low during this period, future health promoting programmes need to take this into account. A more gender equal provision of health promotion to parents might increase men's involvement in lifestyle change. Furthermore, parents' ranking of major lifestyle risks to the fetus may not sufficiently reflect those that constitute greatest public health concern, an area for further study.

  • 4.
    Edvardsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Small, Rhonda
    Nyström, Monica E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Improving child health promotion practices in multiple sectors: outcomes of the Swedish Salut Programme2012Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 920-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To improve health in the population, public health interventions must be successfully implemented within organisations, requiring behaviour change in health service providers as well as in the target population group. Such behavioural change is seldom easily achieved. The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of a child health promotion programme (The Salut Programme) on professionals' self-reported health promotion practices, and to investigate perceived facilitators and barriers for programme implementation.

    Methods: A before-and-after design was used to measure programme outcomes, and qualitative data on implementation facilitators and barriers were collected on two occasions during the implementation process. The sample included professionals in antenatal care, child health care, dental services and open pre-schools (n=144 pre-implementation) in 13 out of 15 municipalities in a Swedish county. Response rates ranged between 81% and 96% at the four measurement points.

    Results: Self-reported health promotion practices and collaboration were improved in all sectors at follow up. Significant changes included: 1) an increase in the extent to which midwives in antenatal care raised issues related to men's violence against women, 2) an increase in the extent to which several lifestyle topics were raised with parents/clients in child health care and dental services, 3) an increased use of motivational interviewing (MI) and separate 'fathers visits' in child health care 4) improvements in the supply of healthy snacks and beverages in open pre-schools and 5) increased collaboration between sectors. Main facilitators for programme implementation included cross-sectoral collaboration and sector-specific work manuals/questionnaires for use as support in everyday practice. Main barriers included high workload, and shortage of time and staff.

    Conclusion: This multisectoral programme for health promotion, based on sector-specific intervention packages developed and tested by end users, and introduced via interactive multisectoral seminars, shows potential for improving health promotion practices and collaboration across sectors. Consideration of the key facilitators and barriers for programme implementation as highlighted in this study can inform future improvement efforts.

  • 5.
    Edvardsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi. La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Small, Rhonda
    La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    A population-based study of overweight and obesity in expectant parents: socio-demographic patterns and within-couple associations2013Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, artikel-id 923Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in pregnancy increase the risk of several adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, both mothers' and fathers' health play an important role for long-term health outcomes in offspring. While aspects of health and lifestyle of pregnant women have been reported, the health of expectant fathers and correlations of health variables within couples have received less attention. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and socio-demographic patterns of overweight and obesity in Swedish expectant parents, and to assess within-couple associations.

    METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study investigated self-reported data from 4352 pregnant women and 3949 expectant fathers, comprising 3356 identified couples. Data were collected in antenatal care clinics between January 2008 and December 2011. Descriptive, correlation and logistic regression analyses were performed.

    RESULTS: The self-reported prevalence of overweight (BMI 25.0-29.99) and obesity (BMI >=30.0) was 29% among women (pre-pregnancy) and 53% among expectant fathers. In a majority of couples (62%), at least one partner was overweight or obese. The odds of being overweight or obese increased relative to partner's overweight or obesity, and women's odds of being obese were more than six times higher if their partners were also obese in comparison with women whose partners were of normal weight (OR 6.2, CI 4.2-9.3). A socio-demographic gradient was found in both genders in relation to education, occupation and area of residence, with higher odds of being obese further down the social ladder. The cumulative influence of these factors showed a substantial increase in the odds of obesity for the least compared to the most privileged (OR 6.5, CI 3.6-11.8).

    CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in expectant parents was high, with a clear social gradient, and a minority of couples reported both partners with a healthy weight at the onset of pregnancy. Partner influence on health and health behaviours, and the role both mothers and fathers play in health outcomes of their offspring, underpin the need for a more holistic and gender inclusive approach to the delivery of pregnancy care and postnatal and child health services, with active measures employed to involve fathers.

  • 6.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Cultural parenting programmes could play an important role in helping immigrants adapt to their host countries2019Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 108, nr 8, s. 1491-1491Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Eurenius, Eva
    et al.
    Rehabcentrum, Skellefteå hospital, Skellefteå, Sweden.
    Biguet, Gabriele
    Physiotherapy Unit, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Opava, Christina H
    Division of Physiotherapy, Neurotec Department, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Attitudes toward physical activity among people with rheumatoid arthritis2003Ingår i: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 10-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity confers health benefits in the general population, and this also seems to apply to people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Less explicit barriers than pain need to be explored and overcome to initiate and successfully maintain physical activity in individuals with RA. The present aim was to describe variations in attitudes to physical activity in a group of people with RA. Sixteen people with RA were chosen to represent various ages, genders, disease duration, functioning, and health habits. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were carried out, transcribed, qualitatively analysed, and categorised on the basis of similarities and differences. The analysis indicated that attitudes toward physical activity could not be understood without inclusion of attitudes toward the disease and sometimes to life in general. Two dimensions of attitude, motivation and satisfaction, were identified. Four categories were revealed: motivated and satisfied, unmotivated and satisfied, motivated and dissatisfied, and unmotivated and dissatisfied, each representing different attitudes to physical activity. Our findings stress the importance of developing different educational interventions that address attitudes to physical activity in order to implement a healthy life style in individuals with RA.

  • 8.
    Eurenius, Eva
    et al.
    Verksamhetsutvecklingsstaben - Vård och hälsa, Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Brodin, Nina
    Lindblad, Staffan
    Opava, Christina H
    Predicting physical activity and general health perception among patients with rheumatoid arthritis2007Ingår i: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, E-ISSN 1499-2752, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 10-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe changes over one year in physical activity, body functions, and disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to identify predictors for physical activity and general health perception.

    METHODS: One hundred two patients with RA were recruited for the study (median age 57 yrs, range 19-84; median disease duration 15 mo, range 4-78; 76% women). Self-reported data on physical activity and health locus of control, tests of lower extremity function, grip force, joint range of motion, balance, and measures of disease activity, including pain, general health perception, Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), and Disease Activity Score (DAS28), were collected on 2 occasions, one year apart. Each variable was dichotomized to fit logistic regression models, performed to identify which variables predicted physical activity and general health perception over one year.

    RESULTS: Physical activity was stable, while lower extremity function, grip force, and range of motion improved and DAS28 decreased significantly over one year. A high physical activity level at baseline was the only predictor of high physical activity (odds ratio 3.85, 95% confidence interval 1.67-9.09) one year later. Low pain (OR 8.47, 95% CI 2.97-24.39), high physical activity (OR 3.72, 95% CI 1.39-10.10), and good lower extremity function (OR 2.94, 95% CI 1.04-8.33) were identified as predictors of good general health perception.

    CONCLUSION: While pain is a well known predictor of general health perception, to our knowledge, this is the first study to identify predictive factors related to physical activity and lower extremity function as important for perceived health among patients with RA.

  • 9.
    Eurenius, Eva
    et al.
    Verksamhetsutvecklingsstaben - Vård och hälsa, Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Brodin, Nina
    Opava, Christina
    Clinical applicability of two tests of aerobic fitness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis2007Ingår i: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 97-104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the clinical applicability of two different methods of aerobic fitness testing in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Five hundred and fifty-six patients with RA (median age 56 years, range 19-90, disease duration <=6.5 years, 75% women) were included from 17 rheumatology units. Each patient was scheduled to perform a submaximal test of aerobic fitness, either on a bicycle or on a treadmill; the assignment to method was mainly determined by access to equipment at each participating unit. Eighty-eight patients (16%) were never tested, mainly because of use of beta-blockers or impairments, 45 patients (8%) terminated their tests prematurely and 423 patients (76%) completed their assigned test. Their estimated aerobic fitness was mainly classified as "low" (30%), "fair" (40%) or "average" (23%). The determinants of completing either of the tests were female gender (OR=2.06, 95% CI 1.22-3.47), age <65 years (OR=6.50, 95% CI 4.00-10.55) and no (OR=4.67, 95% CI 2.10-10.40) or mild disability (OR=6.24, 95% CI 2.43-16.06). It thus appears as if a majority of patients with RA are able to perform aerobic fitness testing despite the expected limitations related to impairments.

  • 10.
    Eurenius, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Westerlund, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Vägledande samspel (ICDP): vad gynnar ett framgångsrikt införande i verksamheterna och främjar ICDP ett utvecklat föräldraskap och god psykisk hälsa hos barnen?2013Ingår i: Familjepeppen - en famljestödssatsning i Umeåregionen / [ed] Widding U, Olsson J, Umeå, 2013, s. 32-36Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Eurenius, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Sundqvist, Magdalena
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Maternal and paternal self-rated health and BMI in relation to lifestyle in early pregnancy: The Salut Programme in Sweden2011Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, nr 7, s. 730-741Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study’s aim was to increase knowledge about maternal and paternal self-rated health and body mass index in relation to lifestyle during early pregnancy. Methods: Study subjects were expectant parents visiting antenatal care (2006—07) as part of the Salut Programme in northern Sweden. During early pregnancy, 468 females and 413 male partners completed questionnaires. The questions addressed sociodemography, self-rated general health, weight and height, satisfaction with weight, and lifestyle, such as dietary habits, physical activity, sleeping pattern, and alcohol, tobacco, and drug use. Results: Most rated their general health as good, very good, or excellent, although women less often than men (88% and 93%). The sex difference was more prominent when restricting the comparison to self-rated health being very good or excellent - 49% of the women compared to 61% of the men. Being overweight or obese was common (53% of the men and 30% of the women). Few participants fulfilled the national recommendations with respect to a health-enhancing lifestyle; this was somewhat more common for women than men. Expectant parents with normal body mass index and vigorous physical activity were more likely to have very good or excellent self-rated health. Conclusions: Most expectant parents perceived their general health as good, although this perception was less for women than men. Being overweight and having a non-health-enhancing lifestyle were more common for men than women. Thus, there is need for more powerful health-promoting interventions for expectant parents.

  • 12.
    Eurenius, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Richter Sundberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Silfverdal, Sven-Arne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Social-emotional problems among three-year-olds differ based on the child's gender and custody arrangement2019Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 108, nr 6, s. 1087-1095Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate mental health with respect to social-emotional problems among three-year-olds in relation to their gender, custody arrangements and place of residence.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based design was used, encompassing 7,179 three-year-olds in northern Sweden during the period 2014-2017 from the regional Salut Register. Descriptive and comparative analyses were performed based on parents' responses on the Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE), supplemented with items on gender, custody arrangement and place of residence.

    RESULTS: Parental-reported social-emotional problems were found in almost 10% of the children. Boys were reported to have more problems (12.3%) than girls (5.6%) (p<0.001). Parents were most concerned about children's eating habits and interactions at mealtimes. Parents not living together reported more problems among their children than those living together (p<0.001). When stratifying by custody arrangement, girls in rural areas living alternately with each parent had more problems compared to those in urban areas (p<0.008).

    CONCLUSION: Gender and custody arrangements appear to be important factors for social-emotional problems among three-year-olds. Thus, such conditions should receive attention during preschool age, preferably by a systematic preventive strategy within Child Health Care.

  • 13.
    Eurenius, Eva
    et al.
    Verksamhetsutvecklingsstaben - Vård och hälsa, Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Stenström, Christina H
    Physical activity, physical fitness, and general health perception among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis2005Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism, ISSN 0004-3591, E-ISSN 1529-0131, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 48-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe self-reported physical activity and physical fitness and to identify correlates of physical activity and general health perception.

    METHODS: Data on self-reported physical activity, physical fitness, activity performance, and disease activity were collected from a sample of 298 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

    RESULTS: Forty-seven percent of our sample reported physical activity behaviors that did not comply with public health recommendations. A majority of the patients had decreased lower-limb muscle function (72%), grip force (94%), joint motion (94%), and functional balance (68%). Correlations between self-reported physical activity and other variables were r(s) = 0.25 or less. Variation in general health perception was explained (total adjusted R(2) = 0.65) by pain and activity performance.

    CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that there is a case for recommendations on and support for healthy physical activity behaviors among people with RA.

  • 14. Feldman, I.
    et al.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Haggstrom, J.
    Sampaio, F.
    Lindkvist, M.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Pulkki-Brännström, Anni-Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Effectiveness of the Salut Program: a universal health promotion intervention for parents & children2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 15. Feldman, Inna
    et al.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Häggstrom, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Sampaio, Filipa
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Pulkki-Brannstrom, Anni-Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Salut Programme: a universal health promotion intervention for parents and children-protocol of a register-based retrospective observational study2016Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, nr 8, artikel-id e011202Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There is inadequate evidence for the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of health promotion interventions. The Salut Programme aims to reach all parents and children in the Vasterbotten County of Sweden with a combination of health promotion interventions initiated during pregnancy and continued over the childhood period. This study protocol describes an effectiveness study and an economic evaluation study, where the ongoing Salut Programme is compared to care-as-usual over the periods of pregnancy, delivery and the child's first 2 years of life. Methods: A register-based retrospective observational study design will be used with existing data sources with respect to exposures and outcomes. Outcomes of interest are clustered at 3 points: around the child's birth, 1 month after the child's birth and 2 years after the child's birth. We will simulate an experiment by retrospectively identifying and comparing children and their parents in the geographical areas where the Salut Programme was implemented since 2006 and onwards, and the areas where the Programme was not implemented before 2009. Outcomes will be analysed and compared for the premeasure period, and the postmeasure period for both groups. Our analysis combines difference-in-difference estimation with matching. A complementary analysis will be carried out on the longitudinal subsample of mothers who gave birth at least once during each of the time periods. The economic evaluation aims to capture the wider societal costs and benefits of the Salut Programme for the first 2 years of the children's lives. Incremental costs will be compared with incremental health gains and the results will be presented as a cost-consequence analysis. Ethics and dissemination: The Regional Ethical Review Board in Umea has given clearance for the Salut Programme research (2010-63-31M). No individual's identity will be revealed when presenting results. This study will provide information that can guide decision-makers to allocate resources optimally.

  • 16.
    Häggström, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Sampaio, Filipa
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Pulkki-Brännström, Anni-Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Feldman, Inna
    Is the Salut Programme an effective and cost-effective universal health promotion intervention for parents and their children?: a register-based retrospective observational study2017Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, nr 9, artikel-id e016732Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Salut Programme, a universal health promotion intervention, compared with care-as-usual, over the periods of pregnancy, delivery and the child's first 2 years of life.

    METHOD: We adopted a register-based retrospective observational design using existing data sources with respect to both exposures and outcomes. Health outcomes and costs were compared between geographical areas that received care-as-usual (non-Salut area) and areas where the programme was implemented (Salut area). We included mothers and their children from both the Salut and non-Salut areas if: (1) the child was born 2002-2004 (premeasure period) or (2) the child was born 2006-2008 (postmeasure period). The effectiveness study adopted two strategies: (1) a matched difference-in-difference analysis using data from all participants and (2) a longitudinal analysis restricted to mothers who had given birth twice, that is, both in the premeasure and postmeasure periods. The economic evaluation was performed from a healthcare and a limited societal perspective. Outcomes were clustered during pregnancy, delivery and birth and the child's first 2 years.

    RESULTS: Difference-in-difference analyses did not yield any significant effect on the outcomes. Longitudinal analyses resulted in significant positive improvement in Apgar scores, reflecting the newborn's physical condition, with more children having a normal Apgar score (1 min +3%, 5 min +1%). The cost of the programme was international dollar (INT$)308/child. From both costing perspectives, the programme yielded higher effects and lower costs than care-as-usual, being thus cost-saving (probability of around 50%).

    CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the Salut Programme is an effective universal intervention to improve maternal and child health, and it may be good value for money; however, there is large uncertainty around the cost estimates.

  • 17.
    Isaksson, Mats
    et al.
    Rehabcentrum, Skellefteå Hospital, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Medicin.
    Olofssson, Ingrid
    Rehabcentrum, Skellefteå Hospital, Sweden.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Shoulder pain and concomitant hand oedema among strokepatients with pronounced arm paresis2013Ingår i: European journal of physiotherapy, ISSN ISSN 2167-9169, EISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 208-214Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this prospective study was to identify clinical factors associated with the development of shoulder pain in stroke patients with pronounced arm paresis. Methods: At stroke onset, 485 patients were initially assessed in 2007 – 2009. Sixty-three patients with pronounced arm paresis completed the study, and 21 of these developed shoulder pain. Clinical findings were recorded fortnightly by the attending physiotherapist during hospital stay. Results: Hand oedemaon the paretic side was more common in patients developing shoulder pain compared with those who did not develop shoulder pain. The onset of shoulder pain was associated with concomitant hand oedema. High NIHSS score was associated with developing shoulder pain. Patients with a history of shoulder pain developed pain earlier than those without previous shoulder pain. Patients with haemorrhagic stroke were significantly more prone to developing shoulder pain. Conclusions: One-third of the stroke patients with pronounced arm paresis developed shoulder pain. Concomitant hand oedema seems to be an additional symptom of shoulder injury. Patients with low general status are more vulnerable to develop post-stroke shoulder pain.

  • 18.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Richter Sundberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Socioemotionell förmåga hos treåringar: Resultat från en befolkningsbaserad studie i Västerbottens län2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande målet för svensk barnhälsovård är att främja barns hälsa, trygghet och utveckling samt ge stöd i föräldraskapet. Barn i Sverige är i hög grad fysiskt friska i internationell jämförelse, men det finns indikationer på att den psykiska ohälsan har ökat hos barn och ungdomar under de senaste decennierna. Kunskapen om förekomst av, och bakomliggande faktorer, till psykisk ohälsa hos förskolebarn är dock otillräcklig. Syftet med denna studie är därför att undersöka treåringars socioemotionella förmåga med avseende på könsskillnader och boende i stad eller på landsbygd i Västerbottens län.

    Förskolebarns psykiska hälsa undersöks systematiskt

    I denna studie har instrumentet Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE) använts för att undersöka föräldrars rapporterade socioemotionella förmåga hos treåringar. ASQ:SE 36-månadersversion delas rutinmässigt ut till föräldrar inför treårsbesöket på barnavårdscentraler i Västerbottens län sedan 2013. ASQ:SE är ursprungligen utvecklat i USA och mäter barns socioemotionella förmåga inom sju domäner: självreglering, följsamhet, kommunikation, adaptiv förmåga, autonomi, affekt och social interaktion. Socioemotionell förmåga i treårsåldern är exempelvis förmåga till samspel med vuxna och jämnåriga samt förmåga att med stöd av förälder reglera egna känslor. Betydande avvikelser i den socioemotionella förmågan vid denna ålder kan tyda på att barnet har en sårbarhet som kan leda till fortsatta och ibland mer allvarliga socioemotionella problem.

    Generellt god psykisk hälsa men fler problem bland pojkar

    Svaren från majoriteten av föräldrarna indikerar god socioemotionell förmåga hos barnen, dock hade nästan en av tio treåringar föräldrarapporterade socioemotionella problem, med ASQ:SE-poäng över gränsvärdet 59. Problemen var dubbelt så vanliga bland pojkar (12 procent) som bland flickor (6 procent) (p <0,001). Det fanns inga signifikanta skillnader i socioemotionell förmåga mellan barn bosatta i städer i jämförelse med barn bosatta på landsbygden. Skillnaderna mellan könen var dock kvarstående oberoende av geografisk hemvist. Domänerna autonomi och följsamhet innehöll de frågor för vilka flest föräldrar rapporterade svårigheter, detta gällde för både pojkar och flickor.

    Slutsats

    Studien har ökat förståelsen för socioemotionell förmåga hos treåringar i Sverige. Den förstärker vikten av att identifiera problem i tidig ålder och att beakta könsskillnader. Redan i förskoleåldern bör socioemotionell förmåga uppmärksammas, helst genom en systematisk strategi inom barnhälsovården

  • 19.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Silfverdal, Sven Arne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Associations between toddlers' and parents' BMI, in relation to family sociodemography: a cross-sectional study2015Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, artikel-id 1252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    It is well established that the pregnancy and the first years of life are important for future childhood health and body weight. Even though current evidence suggests that both parents are important for childhood health, the influence that parents' BMI and socio-demography has on toddlers' BMI has so far received little attention. This study aimed to increase our knowledge on the association between toddlers' and parents' BMI, in relation to family socio-demography. Further, the aim was to investigate the interaction between the mothers' and fathers' BMI in relation to their child's BMI.

    Methods:

    A total of 697 children with a median age of 18 months (range 16-24 months) participated in the study along with their mothers (n = 697) and fathers (n = 674). As regards representability, our parental sample had a lower proportion of immigrants and the parents were more gainfully employed compared to parents in the rest of Sweden (when the child was 18 months old). The parents completed a questionnaire on parental and child health. Data on parental weight, height, and socio-demographics were recorded along with the child's weight and height measured at an ordinary child health care visit. We used the thresholds for children's BMI that were recommended for surveillance by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in 2012 based on the WHO reference population.

    Results:

    Among the toddlers, 33 % had a BMI above the WHO 85th percentile and 14 % had a BMI above the WHO 95th percentile. The probability of a toddler having a BMI above the WHO 95th percentile was significantly increased if either the mother or father was overweight (BMI >= 25 kg/m(2)). Furthermore, we found a positive synergistic effect between the mother and father being overweight and their child having a BMI above the WHO 85th percentile. No associations were found between the toddlers' BMI and the family's socio-demographics, but there were associations between the parents' BMI and the family's socio-demographics.

    Conclusion: High BMI is common even in toddlers in this population. The risk increases if one parent is overweight, and it increases even more if both parents are overweight. The results in this study confirm the importance of considering familial risk factors when examining child health and BMI at ordinary child health care visits already at an early age.

  • 20.
    Lindqvist, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Persson, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Leisure time physical activity among pregnant women and its associations with maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes2016Ingår i: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 9, s. 14-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Physical activity during pregnancy is generally considered safe and beneficial for both the pregnant woman and her fetus. The overall aim was to investigate pregnant women's pre-pregnancy and early pregnancy physical activity and its associations with maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes.

    Methods

    This cross-sectional study combined data from the Maternal Health Care Register in Västerbotten (MHCR-VB) and the Salut Programme Register (Salut-R). Data were collected from 3,868 pregnant women living in northern Sweden between 2011 and 2012.

    Results

    Almost half of the participants (47.1%) achieved the recommended level of physical activity. Compared to the women who did not achieve the recommended level of exercise, these women had lower BMI, very good or good self-rated health, and a higher educational level. No significant associations could be established between physical activity levels and GDM, birth weight, or mode of delivery.

    Conclusions

    Positively, a considerably high proportion of Swedish pregnant women achieved the recommended level of physical activity. Factors associated with recommended physical activity level were BMI ≤30 kg/m2, very good or good self-rated health, and higher educational level. Our findings emphasize the need for health care professionals to early detect and promote fertile and pregnant women towards health-enhancing physical activity, especially those with low levels of physical activity and overweight/obesity, to improve overall health in this population.

  • 21.
    Lindqvist, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Persson, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Change of lifestyle habits: motivation and ability reported by pregnant women in northern Sweden2017Ingår i: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 13, s. 83-90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are generally more motivated to change their lifestyle habits compared with non-pregnant women. However, the ability to change these habits depends on the motivation to change. This study describes pregnant women's self-reported motivation and ability to change lifestyle habits and their relation to body mass index (BMI), self-rated health, educational level and country of origin.

    METHODS: This cross-sectional study combined data from the Maternal Health Care Register in Västerbotten (MHCR-VB) and the Salut Programme Register (Salut-R). Data were collected from 3,868 pregnant residents in Västerbotten County (northern Sweden) between 2011 and 2012. Chi-square test, two independent samples t-test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed.

    RESULTS: Most of the pregnant women (61.3%) were satisfied with their self-reported lifestyle habits irrespective of BMI, self-rated health, educational level, and country of origin. Many reported that they wanted to increase their physical activity, improve their dietary habits, and reduce their weight. In general, they estimated their ability to change their lifestyle habits as equal to their motivation of change. Women who reported a large or very large motivation to change their lifestyle habits were characterized by higher BMI and higher educational level.

    CONCLUSIONS: Most of the participating pregnant women were satisfied with their lifestyle habits, although they reported being further motivated to change some of them. Health care professionals encountering fertile and pregnant women may have a unique opportunity to support and promote lifestyle changes, taking into account women's motivation for change. Future research should focus on factors that motivate pregnant women to change their lifestyle, explore barriers for change of lifestyle and how support best may be provided to pregnant women. In addition, studies on lifestyle and motivation for lifestyle change from non-Nordic countries are called for.

  • 22.
    Lindqvist, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Edvardsson, Kristina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi. Judith Lumley Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Persson, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Dalarna University, School of Health and Social studies, Falun, Sweden.
    "An on-going individual adjustment": a qualitative study of midwives' experiences counselling pregnant women on physical activity in Sweden2014Ingår i: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 14, artikel-id 343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In Sweden, midwives play prominent supportive role in antenatal care by counselling and promoting healthy lifestyles. This study aimed to explore how Swedish midwives experience the counselling of pregnant women on physical activity, specifically focusing on facilitators and barriers during pregnancy. Also, addressing whether the midwives perceive that their own lifestyle and body shape may influence the content of the counselling they provide.

    METHODS: Eight focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted with 41 midwives working in antenatal care clinics in different parts of Sweden between September 2013 and January 2014. Purposive sampling was applied to ensure a variation in age, work experience, and geographical location. The FGD were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using manifest and latent content analysis.

    RESULTS: The main theme- "An on-going individual adjustment" was built on three categories: "Counselling as a challenge"; "Counselling as walking the thin ice" and "Counselling as an opportunity" reflecting the midwives on-going need to adjust their counselling depending on each woman's specific situation. Furthermore, counselling pregnant women on physical activity was experienced as complex and ambiguous, presenting challenges as well as opportunities. When midwives challenged barriers to physical activity, they risked being rejected by the pregnant women. Despite risking rejection, the midwives tried to promote increased physical activity based on their assessment of individual needs of the pregnant woman. Some participants felt that their own lifestyle and body shape might negatively influence the counselling; however, the majority of participants did not agree with this perspective.

    CONCLUSIONS: Counselling on physical activity during pregnancy may be a challenging task for midwives, characterized by on-going adjustments based on a pregnant woman's individual needs. Midwives strive to find individual solutions to encourage physical activity. However, to improve their counselling, midwives may benefit from further training, also organizational and financial barriers need to be addressed. Such efforts might result in improved opportunities to further support pregnant women's motivation for performance of physical activity.

  • 23.
    Lundberg, Veronica
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
    Lindh, Viveca
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Eriksson, Catharina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
    Petersen, Solveig
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Health-related quality of life in girls and boys with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: self- and parental reports in a cross-sectional study.2012Ingår i: Pediatric Rheumatology, ISSN 1546-0096, E-ISSN 1546-0096, Vol. 10, s. 33-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) affects children and adolescents with both short-term and long-term disability. These children also report lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) compared to their healthy peers. However, there seems to be some discrepancies between self- and parent-reports, and gender differences need to be further studied. This study aims to describe HRQOL in girls and boys with JIA, and to explore gender differences in self-reports compared to parent-reports of HRQOL in children with JIA. METHODS: Fifty-three children and adolescents with JIA (70% girls and 30% boys) with a median age of 14 years (8--18 years), and their parents, participated in this cross-sectional study in Sweden. Data was systematically collected prior to ordinary visits at a Pediatric outpatient clinic, during a period of 16 months (2009--2010). Disability was assessed with the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ), and disease activity by physicians' assessments and Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR). The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQL) was used to assess self- and parent-reports of HRQOL in the child. RESULTS: In this sample of children with generally low disease activity and mild to moderate disability, more than half of the children experienced suboptimal HRQOL, equally in girls and boys. Significant differences between self- and parent-reports of child HRQOL were most evident among girls, with lower parent-reports regarding the girl's physical- and psychosocial health as well as in the total HRQOL score. Except for the social functioning subscale, where parents' reports were higher compared to their sons, there were no significant differences between boys- and parent-reports. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the girls and boys experienced suboptimal HRQOL in this sample, with no gender differences. However, there were differences between self- and parent-reports of child HRQOL, with most significant differences found among the girls. Thus, differences between self- and parent-reports of child HRQOL must be taken into account in clinical settings, especially among girls with JIA.

  • 24. Lundgren, Stina
    et al.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Verksamhetsutvecklingsstaben - Vård och hälsa, Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Olausson, Åsa
    Opava, Christina H
    The Swedish version of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales, form C. Aspects of reliability and validity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.2007Ingår i: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 9, s. 7-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Nyström, Monica
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, R
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Höög, Elisabet
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Edvardsson, Kristina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Westerlund, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Stening, L
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    På väg mot uthållighet i innovationer och organisatoriskt lärande inom vården: Slutrapport från Vinnvårdsprojekt A 20070342013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Overweight and lifestyle among 13-15 year olds: A cross-sectional study in northern Sweden.2012Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 221-228Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To increase knowledge of self-rated health and lifestyle in relation to overweight/obesity among 13-15 year olds in northern Sweden. Methods: All 6768 13-15 year olds in nine out of 15 municipalities in Västerbotten County were asked to complete a cross-sectional school-based on-line survey in 2007. Eighty-two per cent participated in the study. Responses were considered reliable for 74% of the participants (2517 boys/2470 girls). The survey addressed demography, self-rated health, self-reported weight, height, and lifestyle characteristics. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were used. Results: Overweight/obesity (ISO body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2)) was more prevalent among boys (20%) than girls (11%), but more girls (19%) than boys (9%) reported fair or bad health. Overweight/obese boys and girls were more often physically inactive. For the boys, overweight/obesity was also associated with skipping breakfast, insufficient tooth brushing, and using snuff. For the girls, overweight/obesity was also associated with living with one parent and more television watching. Boys reported healthier habits concerning sleep duration, physical activity, eating breakfast, and smoking compared to the girls. On the other hand, girls reported better dietary and tooth brushing habits. Conclusions: This study uncovered two alarming findings: a fifth of the boys were overweight/obese and a fifth of the girls reported fair or bad health. Girls living with a single parent and boys and girls with unhealthy lifestyles were more likely to be overweight. Our findings emphasise the need for developing and implementing effective health promotion strategies for school-aged children to prevent an overweight and obesity epidemic that could continue into adulthood.

  • 27.
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Sundberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Silfverdal, Sven Arne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Psychometric analysis of Age and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE) among 3-year-olds2017Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, nr Suppl_3, s. 173-174Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental health is an urgent public health challenge, and for some individuals the problem starts already in pre-school age. Increased knowledge is needed to guide evidence-based health-promoting interventions and early identification for adequate parental support. Valid and reliable instruments to measure children’s mental health are called for. Our aim is to analyze psychometric properties of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE) among 3-year-olds.

    Methods: Within Child Health Care (CHC) in Västerbotten (Sweden) the 3-year-olds’ health check-up includes parent-rated socio-emotional health by scoring the ASQ:SE. This instrument has seven psychological domains (self-regulation, compliance, communication, adaptive functioning, autonomy, affect, and interaction); built up by 31 items, responded on a 3-point Likert scale with total scores 0-465. Item scores are combined into a total score with high values indicating social-emotional vulnerability. Most parents give informed consent for research and the study has ethical approval.

    Results: During 2014-2016 we have ASQ:SE responses for 5434 children having had their 3-year health check-up (boys=2802, girls=2632), with total scores 0-215. Generally, boys scored higher (mean 31, SD 24; median 25) than girls (mean 25, SD 21; median 20), and 12% of boys, compared to 6% of girls, scored above the cut-off value (59). The internal consistency based on Cronbach’s alpha was 0.78. Confirmatory factor analysis was done and normative values were also reported for the ASQ:SE.

    Conclusions: Our psychometric analyses of ASQ:SE among 3-year-olds indicates the relevance of an instrument for screening pre-school children’s social and emotional health. This is promising for future use of the instrument within ordinary CHC in Västerbotten and elsewhere.

    Key messages:

    • The ASQ:SE instrument is a valuable asset within CHC to increase awareness about 3-year-olds social-emotional health.
    • The ASQ:SE instrument is a promising tool for low-cost screening of early social-emotional vulnerability.
  • 28.
    Westerlund, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Nyström, Monica
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Parental support strengthened by the International Child Development Program: the implementation process2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Westerlund, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Nyström, Monica E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Medical Management Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Managing the initiation and early implementation of health promotion interventions: a study of a parental support programme in primary care2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 128-138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are increasing among children and adolescents worldwide, and parental support programmes have been suggested as one preventive intervention. However, the actual impact and low rates of adoption and sustainability of prevention programmes have proven to be a concern, and thus, further studies on their implementation are needed.

    AIM: This study focused on the initial implementation of the International Child Development Programme (ICDP) in primary care. The aim was to investigate the involved actors' views on factors likely to affect implementation and the strategies used to manage them.

    DESIGN: A case study design with a mixed-methods approach combining quantitative and qualitative data from questionnaires and interviews was used.

    METHODS: Eighty-two professionals at different positions in the involved organisations participated. Directed content analysis was used for analyses, focusing on perceived levels of importance and the manifestation of implementation factors.

    FINDINGS: Interviews and questionnaires provided descriptions of factors influencing the initial ICDP implementation. Uncertainty on how to manage important factors and vague change strategies was reported. Discrepancies in the perceived levels of importance versus manifestation were found regarding several factors, including hands-on support, time and resources, communication and information, a comprehensive plan of action, follow-ups, and external and internal collaborations. Manifested factors were a need for change, motivation and the ICDP's compatibility with existing norms, values and practices.

    CONCLUSIONS: Implementing a parental support programme in a complex setting will benefit from being preceded by a thorough examination of the intervention and the target context and the development of clear implementation strategies based on the results of that examination. This study provides insights into how and by whom knowledge on implementation is applied during the launch of a health promotion programme, and these insights might help increase the rate of adoption and the use of such programmes and thereby increase their effectiveness.

  • 30.
    Westerlund, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Nyström, Monica E.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Incorporating the International Child Development Program into child healthcare practices: evaluating how (well) knowledge turns to practiceManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31. Wilson, Ingrid M.
    et al.
    Eurenius, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Edin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Edvardsson, Kristina
    Is there an association between pregnant women's experience of violence and their partner's drinking?: A Swedish population-based study2019Ingår i: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 69, s. 84-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy is a time of heightened vulnerability for women, especially for experiencing violence in their close and intimate relationships. Alcohol misuse by a male intimate partner is a known contributor to increased risk and severity of intimate partner violence generally, however less is known about the relationship between partner drinking patterns and women's experience of violence in their relationship, and particularly in early pregnancy. This study aimed to explore these associations in a large, population-based sample of Swedish expectant parents.

    DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for this cross-sectional study were drawn from 11 461 couples (22 922 participants) enrolled in Salut, a child health promotion programme in Västerbotten County Council, Sweden. Data were collected at women's antenatal care visits during the first trimester of pregnancy.

    MEASUREMENTS: Questionnaires included male partners' self-reported drinking patterns using AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) and pregnant women's reports of violence. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were undertaken to examine prevalence of reported violence and association with partner drinking patterns.

    FINDINGS: There was a strong association between male partner alcohol misuse and the odds of pregnant women experiencing violence in general, experiencing violence since becoming pregnant, and fear for their own safety at the time of enrolment in ANC. The odds of having experienced being controlled or physically hurt in a relationship, or having ever experienced sexual violence, were higher with more serious alcohol misuse by the male partner. Most striking was that women whose partners reported hazardous drinking or alcohol dependence had nearly nine times higher odds of experiencing being physically hurt by a partner since becoming pregnant, compared to women whose partners reported non-harmful alcohol use (OR 8.50, CI 2.39-30.17, p = 0.001). Fearing for current safety was also strongly linked to more severe alcohol use by their current male partner (OR 7.65, CI 1.02-57.24, p = 0.048).

    KEY CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study contributes population-level evidence that the risk for women of experiencing violence in general or in early pregnancy is exacerbated when a male partner drinks in harmful ways. Health professionals and those supporting pregnant women should pay attention to the role of risk factors such as partner alcohol use. Ensuring the health of pregnant women and safety in their relationships is important for maternal, foetal and infant health and family functioning.

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