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  • 1.
    Byström, Joakim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Tourism labor market impacts of national parks: the case of Swedish Lapland2014In: Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, ISSN 0044-3751, Vol. 58, no 2-3, p. 115-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a Nordic context, economic impacts of tourism in national parks remained largely unknowndue to lacking implementation of standardized comparative measurements. For this reason,we want to investigate the economic impacts of national parks in a peripheral Scandinavian contextby analyzing employment in tourism. Theoretically, the paper addresses the idea of nature protectionas a tool for regional development. The scientific literature suggests that nature can be considered acommodity that can be used for the production of tourism experiences in peripheries. In this contextnature protection is applied as a label for signifying attractive places for tourists leading to increasedtourist numbers and employment. This argument follows mainly North American experiences pointingat a positive impact of protected areas on regional development. Meanwhile European studies aremore skeptical regarding desired economic benefits. A major challenge is the assessment of tourism’seconomic impacts. This paper suggests an approach that reveals the impacts on the labor market.This is particularly applicable since data is readily available and, moreover from a public perspective,employment and tax incomes are of uppermost importance in order to sustain population figures andlocal demand for public services. At the same time accessibility and low visitor numbers form majorchallenges for tourism stakeholders and complicate the assessment of economic impacts throughquestionnaires and interviews. The paper shows that the assumption that nature protection promotespositive economic development through tourism is not applicable in a northern Swedish context.Hence, it rejects the often suggested positive relationship between nature protection and tourism labormarket development.

  • 2.
    de la Barre, Suzanne
    et al.
    Department of Recreation and Tourism, Vancouver Island University.
    Maher, Patrick
    Department of Community Studies, Cape Breton University.
    Dawson, Jackie
    Department of Geography, Institute for Science, Society and Policy, University of Ottawa.
    Hillmer-Pegram, Kevin
    Department of Geosciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks.
    Huijbens, Edward
    Icelandic Tourism Research Centre, University of Akureyri.
    Lamers, Machiel
    Environmental Policy Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University.
    Liggett, Daniela
    Gateway Antarctica, University of Canterbury.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Department of Human Geography, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University.
    Stewart, Emma
    Department of Tourism, Sport and Society, Faculty of Environment, Society & Design, Lincoln University.
    Tourism and Arctic Observation Systems: exploring the relationships2016In: Polar Research, ISSN 0800-0395, E-ISSN 1751-8369, Vol. 35, article id 24980Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic is affected by global environmental change and also by diverseinterests from many economic sectors and industries. Over the last decade,various actors have attempted to explore the options for setting up integratedand comprehensive trans-boundary systems for monitoring and observing theseimpacts. These Arctic Observation Systems (AOS) contribute to the planning,implementation, monitoring and evaluation of environmental change andresponsible social and economic development in the Arctic. The aim of thisarticle is to identify the two-way relationship between AOS and tourism. On theone hand, tourism activities account for diverse changes across a broad spectrumof impact fields.Onthe other hand, due to its multiple and diverse agents and farreachingactivities, tourism is also well-positioned to collect observational dataand participate as an actor in monitoring activities. To accomplish our goals, weprovide an inventory of tourism-embedded issues and concerns of interest toAOS from a range of destinations in the circumpolar Arctic region, includingAlaska, Arctic Canada, Iceland, Svalbard, the mainland European Arctic andRussia. The article also draws comparisons with the situation in Antarctica. Onthe basis of a collective analysis provided by members of the International PolarTourism Research Network from across the polar regions, we conclude that thepotential role for tourism in the development and implementation of AOS issignificant and has been overlooked.

  • 3.
    Grenier, Alain A.
    et al.
    Université du Québec à Montréal.
    Müller, Dieter K.Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Polar tourism: A tool for regional development2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 4. Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Caravanning and mobile second homes2018In: The Routledge handbook of second home tourism and mobilities / [ed] C. Michael Hall & Dieter K. Müller, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 291-297Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5. Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Governing and planning for second homes2018In: The Routledge handbook of second home tourism and mobilities / [ed] C. Michael Hall & Dieter K. Müller, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 17-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6. Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    The future of second homes2018In: The Routledge handbook of second home tourism and mobilities / [ed] C. Michael Hall & Dieter K. Müller, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 355-360Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7. Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Müller, Dieter K.Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    The Routledge handbook of second home tourism and mobilities2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Jansson, Bruno
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Fritidsboende i Kvarken: Ett forskningsprojekt i uppdrag av Kvarkenrådet2003Book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Jansson, Bruno
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Loma-asuminen Merenkurkun alueella2003Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Jansson, Bruno
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Second home plans among second home owners in northern Europe's periphery2004In: Tourism, Mobility and Second Homes: Between Elite Landscape and Common Ground, Channel View, Clevedon , 2004, p. 261-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Keskitalo, E Carina H
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Wiberg, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Müller, Dieter K
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Contrasting arctic and mainstream Swedish descriptions of Northern Sweden: the view from established domestic research2013In: Arctic, ISSN 0004-0843, E-ISSN 1923-1245, Vol. 66, no 3, p. 351-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011, Sweden released its first-ever Arctic strategy, in preparation for taking over the chairmanship of the Arctic Council, an eight-state cooperation organization. The recent political development that will include Sweden more extensively in Arctic regional cooperation makes it relevant to review and comment on the image of the areas involved from a Swedish viewpoint and to improve the often very brief descriptions of northernmost Sweden in Arctic literature. In this paper, we contrast descriptions of the Arctic in the Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR) with descriptions of northern Sweden in established domestic demographic and regional development research. The study shows that many of the assumptions in the first AHDR to the effect that the eight "Arctic" regions are rather directly comparable in fact reveal substantial differences between areas, with northern Sweden standing in sharp contrast to many of the descriptions. Instead of having a population that is very small, young, and rapidly growing because of a high birth rate, northern Sweden is characterized by relatively dense habitation with a stable and aging population of long-term residents. Moreover, it has a very small and relatively integrated indigenous population with largely the same health situation as in Sweden overall. While depopulation and urbanization are evident in its less populated areas, migration from the region is partly directed at the larger regional centres in the area, following a pattern seen in the Western world at large.

  • 12.
    Larsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Coping with second home tourism: responses and strategies of private and public service providers in western Sweden2017In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Second homes have increasingly gained academic attention, not least within tourism research. Nevertheless, most studies have addressed the topic from the perspective of the second home owners, highlighting issues such as motivation for second home ownership, use patterns, geographical location, and meanings of second homes. Even the impacts of second homes have mainly been addressed as the accumulated outcome of their owners’ decisions. Hence, second homes have mainly been conceptualized as personal/family projects. Relatively little research has been done on the ways local communities cope with second home tourism. This is the departure point for this paper, with the purpose of analysing coping strategies among public and private stakeholders regarding second home tourism. It is argued that communities have various ways of coping, ranging from resistance to resource utilization. The proposed conceptual framework is empirically applied to the case of the Swedish West Coast. In an interview survey of public and private service providers, different strategies are identified. The results of the survey indicate that second home owners are increasingly seized on as a resource that can be utilized for business development. Ultimately, institutional preconditions imply that second homes remain a challenge for local municipalities.

  • 13.
    Leu, Traian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    More than just a job: exploring the meanings of tourism work among indigenous Sámi tourist entrepreneurs2018In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 26, no 8, p. 1468-1482Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In northern Sweden, the positive effects of tourism involvement by Sámi Indigenous people are mostly shown in terms of employment, yet at times have been shown to go beyond economic ones and include other equally important benefits. Only when all components are seen at the same time can we get a true understanding of tourism as a livelihood strategy. This paper uses a sustainable rural livelihoods approach to investigate the different roles and meanings of tourism among Sámi tourist entrepreneurs in northern Sweden. It does so using data from 13 semi-structured interviews with Sámi Indigenous tourist entrepreneurs. The results indicate that there are many goals and objectives tourism jobs serve among Sámi Indigenous people in the Swedish north. For example, the tourism business is at times seen as a more sustainable way of using reindeer. Tourism was also a way for Sámi to express themselves and keep certain traditions alive. Another leading conclusion relates to tourist entrepreneurs as cultural ambassadors for Sámi issues. By presenting factual information about Sámi people, challenging stereotypes and by making others aware of the many hardships reindeer herders face, Sámi tourist entrepreneurs attribute to their work meanings that are social, cultural and even political.

  • 14.
    Leu, Traian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Maintaining inherited occupations in changing times: the role of tourism among reindeer herders in northern Sweden2016In: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 40-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is often identified as able to provide opportunities for indigenous populations. In northern Sweden, correspondingly tourism has been proposed to create employment opportunities and help preserve Sámi indigenous culture. Although there are numerous studies on the topic, they are lacking in a time dimension and comprehensiveness. Often they are based on limited case studies and narratives of those members of the indigenous population who have engaged in new activities successfully. Therefore, this work aims to investigate on a national scale how widespread are tourism occupations among reindeer herders and what are some of the characteristics of those engaged in them. This paper uses detailed census and population register data containing personal and professional information on reindeer herders in Sweden and their families spanning 50 years. The findings suggest that involvement in tourism is more common among reindeer herders than farmers. Moreover, involvement in tourism is highly gendered with women being more likely to be engaged in it. Findings also show that the type of tourism professions people are engaged in is more a result of the available geographical resource than an inherent inclination among reindeer herders to work with specific fields such as nature-based attractions.

  • 15.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Utvärdering av forskargrupperna "Gruppen för Regionalvetenskaplig Forskning samt "Turism och Fritid" vid Karlstads Universitet.2004Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Lundgren, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Statistics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Modeling Domestic Tourism in Sweden2007In: Tourism Analysis, Vol. 11, pp 349-366., ISSN 1083-5423, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 349-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper it is demonstrated how a microsimulation model based on TDB-data (Swedish Tourist Database provided by Marknadsfakta, Åre, Swe¬den) can be used to estimate the number of trips, choice of activity and choice of destination for domestic overnight trips in Sweden using individual micro data from Statistics Sweden. It is argued that this modeling on the micro-level accounts for changes in population structure and geography to a far greater extent than conventional models because of its focus on individual behavior in relation to individual socio-economic characteristics. Thus, changes in the supply of tourism results in changing travel patterns. Also changes in the population and its spatial distribution are mirrored directly in the resulting travel pattern.

  • 17.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Brouder, Patrick
    MIUN.
    Fredman, Peter
    MIUN.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    När friluftsliv blir naturturism2013In: Friluftsliv i förändring: Resultat från ett forskningsprogram. Slutrapport / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Klas Sandell och Anders Mossing, Naturvårdsverket, 2013, p. 175-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Brouder, Patrick
    Umeå University.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mituniversitet, ETOUR.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    När friluftslivet blir naturturism: en fråga om samspelet mellan det privata och det offentliga2014In: Friluftsliv i förändring: studier från svenska upplevelselandskap / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Klas Sandell, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2014, p. 182-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Lemelin, Raynald H.
    Lakehead University.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    New Issues in Polar Tourism: Conclusion2013In: New Issues in Polar Tourism: Communities, Environments, Politics / [ed] Müller, D.K., Lundmark, L. & Lemelin, R.H., Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013, p. 217-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the goal of this book was not to pursue a distinct research question but rather illustrate the multitude of thematic issues that are currently being investigated in the polar Norths, two topics: the governance of ecological resources, and the ways in which polar communities manage to create agency through various development strategies emerged throughout the book.  In-order to illustrate this agency, the content of this book has been divided into three parts: Conceptualizing Polar Tourism and Polar Regions, Politics and the Environment and Business and Community Perspectives thus without a separation between Arctic and Antarctic research. In this concluding chapter a summary of the issues in polar tourism highlighted in this book is made and a comment on the current state of the research field is offered, with some suggestions for future research.

  • 20.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Turismen i Sverige: branscher och aktörer2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige har turismnäringen vuxit kraftigt under de senaste årtiondena, och är idag en av de sektorer av ekonomin som har störst tillväxtpotential i framtiden. Detta betyder att allt fler människor arbetar med turism och allt fler aktörer (företag och organisationer) på något sätt har en relation till denna dynamiska näring. Som en konsekvens av detta blir turismnäringen allt mer komplex och mångfacetterad. Boken Turismen i Sverige–En branschöversikt ger på ett lättbegripligt sätt läsaren en snabb inblick i turismnäringens utveckling, utbredning och omfattning i Sverige. Boken beskriver näringens olika delkomponenter utifrån ett deskriptivt och geografiskt perspektiv, vilket ger läsaren kunskaper som är nyttiga i samband med exempelvis omvärldsanalyser.

  • 21.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Besöka naturen hemma eller borta?: Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige2008Report (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Vad är friluftsliv?: Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige2008Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Vara i naturen - varför eller varför inte?: Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige2008Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Vilka är ute i naturen?: Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige2008Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    An Arctic tourism innovation systems approach2013In: / [ed] Raynald Harvey Lemelin, Patrick Maher, Daniela Liggett, 2013, p. 243-251Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    The supply of nature-based tourism activities in Sweden2010In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 379-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After a long period of urbanisation and globalisation, the demand for nature and naturebasedrecreation and tourism in large part comes from metropolitan areas and from abroad.Th e development of nature-based tourism is encouraged by regional policy and developmentschemes. However the positive potential of nature-based tourism for regional developmentand rural entrepreneurship is contested. Th is encourages the identifi cation of factors thatmay explain the success or failure of destinations and businesses focusing on nature basedtourism products and how the supply of nature-based tourism activities coincide withdomestic demand in Sweden with the aim to discuss the potential of nature-based tourismfor socio-economic development. Th e question addressed is: what supply is there in terms ofnature-based activities in Sweden? Th e paper is based on a survey of nature-based tourismsupply on regional web pages in Sweden. Th e material indicates that supply and demandhave diffi culties to meet. From a supply-side perspective variations in accessibility and alack of suitable products limit the possibility to actually make a living out of nature-basedtourism. Hence, it is concluded that nature-based tourism is a viable development optiononly for few destinations.

  • 27.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    The development of second homes’ assessed property values in Sweden 1991-20012007In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 202-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The second home phenomenon is deeply rooted within the Swedish society. To own a second home or have frequent access to a second home is important and desirable for the Swedish population. The comparably high level of second home ownership in the country manifests this. Second homes are scattered all over the country, with main concentrations in or near densely populated areas. Some, not unimportant, concentrations can be registered in places with relatively low population density and at a considerable long distance from major population centres. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in second homes among the Swedish population, but also increasingly from incoming visitors. This has resulted in a growing competition for properties, especially those located in attractive areas with high amenity values. The purpose of this paper is to identify attractive second home landscapes and their characteristics in Sweden. Utilizing data from the comprehensive geo-referenced database ASTRID (generated by Statistics Sweden) covering all second homes in Sweden 1991-2001, attractive second home landscapes are examined and defined.

  • 28.
    Martel, Catherine
    et al.
    Charles Darwin University.
    Carson, Dean
    Charles Darwin University.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Bubbles and craters: analysing ageing patterns of remote area populations2011In: Demography at the edge: remote human populations in developed nations / [ed] Dean Carson, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Prescott Ensign, Lee Huskey, Andrew Taylor, Farnham: Ashgate, 2011, p. 107-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Molin, Torkel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Paju, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Pettersson, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Kulturarvet och entreprenören: Om nyskapat kulturarv i Västerbottens Guldrike2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30. Morris, Douglas W.
    et al.
    Beaulieu, Michel S.
    Hamilton, Scott
    Hik, David S.
    Lemelin, Raynald H.
    Moses, MaryJane M.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Smith, Margaret A. (Peggy)
    Smol, John P.
    The Lakehead Manifesto: Principles for Research and Development in the North2013In: Arctic, ISSN 0004-0843, E-ISSN 1923-1245, Vol. 66, no 2, p. III-IVArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Destinationer och kulturarv2007In: Industrihistoriska kulturarv: Sociala och ekonomiska aspekter, Riksantikvarieämbetet, Stockholm , 2007, p. 11-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Fritidsboende - slumrande resurs för landsbygdskommuner2008In: Ska hela Sverige leva?, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas , 2008, p. 143-154Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har mer än en halv miljon fritidshus. Det betyder att troligen mer än en miljon människor vistas på landsbygden utan att det avspeglas i den offentliga statistiken. Idag används dessa hus mycket mer än tidigare - vissa fritidshusägare är till och med mer "hemma" där än på den plats där de är mantalsskrivna. Vilka konsekvenser får det att Sverige använder ett föråldrat sätt att räkna sin befolkning?

  • 33.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Landsbygdens "osynliga" befolkning2008In: Miljöforskning: Formas tidning för ett hållbart samhälle, ISSN 1650-4925, no 5-6, p. 29-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Övernattningar i landets mer än 500 000 fritidshus svarar för en fjärdedel av alla övernattningar utanför hemmet. Nordiska erfarenheter tyder på att många hushåll spenderar två månader per år i sina fritidshus. Detta har dock än så länge knappt uppmärksammats i Sverige trots att detta delade boende kan tänkas ha omfattande konsekvenser för berörda kommuner och hushåll.

  • 34.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Planering för turistdestinationer2007In: Utveckla turistdestinationer: Ett svenskt perspektiv, Uppsala Publishing House, Uppsala , 2007, p. 199-218Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Samarbeta lokalt – konkurrera globalt2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Second Homes2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Second homes in the Nordic countries: Between common heritage and exclusive commodity2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 193-201Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social and Economic Geography.
    Sportturism: En lösning för glesbygdens strukturproblem?2007In: Svensk idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Amenity migration and tourism development in the Tärna mountains, Sweden2006In: The Amenity Migrants: Seeking and Sustaining Mounatains and their Cultures / [ed] Moss, L. A. G., Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 2006, p. 245-258Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the involvement of in-migrants with the local tourism labour market in a peripheral mountain area in Sweden. It explores the extent to which tourism development is assisted and caused by in-migrants as well as the role of local amenities in attracting the in-migrants. The analysis is accomplished through a case study of the mountain resort of Tarnaby/Hemavan, based on a 1991-2000 comprehensive geo-referencing micro-level database of Statistics Sweden. The study shows that tourism development indeed contributes to creating or maintaining jobs. However, the results of the study indicate that tourism-related employment is, to a considerable extent, chosen by in-migrants. Hence, tourism forms an important precondition for in-migration in that it provides service jobs with relatively low entrance barriers. Results also indicate that members of younger households, often from the neighbouring municipalities or from urban centres within the country and the south of Sweden, took these jobs. The rather young group of in-migrants hints at the presence of more consumption-led migration motives. Hence, the amenities of the mountain region inviting a variety of outdoor activities seem to be an important reason for relocating the place of the residence into the periphery, at least temporarily. 

  • 40.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Astrid Lindgrens landskap för tyska turister2009In: Astrid Lindgrens landskap: Hur landskapet kulturarv förändras, förstås, förvaltas och förmedlas, Stockholm: Vitterhetsakademin , 2009, p. 85-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Conclusion: Polar tourism for regional development?2011In: Polar tourism: A tool for regional development / [ed] Alan A. Grenier & Dieter K. Müller, Québec: Presses de l'Université du Québec , 2011, p. 251-255Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Delårsboende som resurs för tillväxt och utveckling i norra Bohuslän: Resultat av en enkätundersökning2010Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Fritidsaktiviteter i Norrland - en fråga om stad och land?2012In: Ett delat Norrland: på väg mot regioner? / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 149-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    German second home owners in the Swedish countryside: on the internationalization of the leisure space1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Between 1991 and 1996 the number of German second home owners in Sweden increased from about 1,500 to more than 5,500. The purpose of this thesis is to give a comprehensive description and analysis of the German cottage purchases in Sweden, 1991-96. In detail, the motives of the cottage buyers, the circumstances, the geographical patterns of cottage ownership, its diffusion, the integration of the cottage owners, and their expenses in the receiving areas are investigated. The analysis is based on two main sources; (a) an unique database UMCOBASE covering all second homes in Sweden; (b) a survey among 91 German second home owners.

    Second home ownership is considered as touriste product and as semi-permanent migration to the countryside. These perspectives have in common the importance of the role of the positive image of the countryside. Differences in property prices and climate may also attract second home owners to a specific area. It is argued that changes in the German society form a considerable driving force. Stress and life in the large metropolitan areas as well as the political situation after German reunification contribute not only to this interest for second home living, for the countryside, but also for Sweden, often seen as a shining example. Many German images of Sweden are based on popular writings and movies of the Swedish children's author Astrid Lindgren. Sweden provides the German cottagers with the requested environments and the availability of housing, cheap property prices, and rather short distances make the interior parts of southern Sweden an ideal destination for the mixture of households with different individual motivations and preferences mainly from Hamburg and Berlin.

    The internationalization of the economy and the globalization of culture make it easier to purchase a second home abroad. In this case, the growth of German second home ownership in Sweden can be considered as a colonization of the Swedish countryside. The diffusion of cottage ownership is enhanced and directed by the innovators who due to their social networks attract new cottagers to the same area. A very important precondition for the increased German interest in Swedish cottages was the decline of the Swedish currency in 1992 allowing purchases at a cheaper price. The fact that the real estate agencies focused on the German market may be another reason for the increase, and also for the distribution of German cottage ownership within Sweden. The German second home patterns are also analyzed employing multiple regression analysis. It is shown that the distance between ferry harbors and second homes is a major restriction for the distribution of German cottage ownership in Sweden. Even future growth will take place in areas where German cottage owners are present today.

    The multi-functionality of the countryside caused competition regarding land-use and decision-making power between rural residents, tourists, and agents of other interests. Even if second home tourists and the permanent residents share a lot of interests, integration into the local community can be difficult. It is argued that the German cottagers are leisure gentrifiers consuming the countryside as a leisure resource only. Second home owners are faithful tourists who visit the second home area frequently and stay for a long time. This entails that they also spend a considerable amount of money in the host community. Hence, some jobs in the research area are more or less dependent on the expenditures of the German cottage owners. Despite being motivated, most German cottagers have problems integrating into the host community. The German cottagers seem to adapt to this situation by meeting with each other and by applying a conservative eco-strategy, thus converting their surroundings into their imaginary Swedish countryside.

    The post-war societies in the western world are characterized by rapid changes. The recent interest in second homes can be read as a rejection of modern life, because the cottage might be the continuous place in life. It is argued, however, that the second home is attractive because it blurs the strict separation of everyday life and tourism.

  • 45.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Hibernating economic decline?: Tourism and labor market change in Europe’s northern periphery2013In: Tourism and Crisis / [ed] Visser, Gostav & Ferreira, Sanette, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 113-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Müller, Dieter K
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Issues in Arctic tourism2015In: The New Arctic / [ed] B. Evengård, J. Nymand Larsen & Ø. Paasche, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2015, p. 147-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Las viviendas secundarias en Suecia:: Entre el partimonio nacional y el product exclusive2009In: Turismo, urbanización y estilos de vida: : Las nuevas formas de movilidad residencial, Barcelona: Icaria , 2009, p. 19-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    National Parks for Tourism Development in Sub-Arctic Areas: Curse or Blessing?: The Case of a Proposed National Park in Northern Sweden2013In: New Issues in Polar Tourism: Communities, Environments, Politics / [ed] Müller, D.K., Lundmark, L. & Lemelin, R.H., Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013, p. 189-203Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    National parks in peripheral areas are often promoted as tool for regional development and a way of restructuring resource-based economies into tourism. Though not always embraced by local communities, tourism businesses are generally expected to be in favor of new park establishments. However, the coalition between environmentalists and tourism entrepreneurs has recently been challenged. The purpose of this paper is to analyze discourses regarding the establishment of national parks in Arctic areas. This is done regarding the proposed National Park Vindelfjällen in northern Sweden. Using discourse analysis of media debate, public documents and interviews it is demonstrated that struggle over national parks is not only about tourism development, but wider concern regarding the management of Arctic environments. In this context it is not possible to simply classify stakeholders in local, national and international. Interests differ in both arenas and mirror rather a general struggle over control of northern areas. Hence tourism development is used just as an arena for negotiating issues of governance and power.

  • 49.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    On the Location of Tourism: An Outlook from Europe’s Northern Periphery2016In: Naturtourismus: Chancen und Herausforderungen / [ed] Marius Mayer & Hubert Job, Mannheim: Meta GIS Systems , 2016, Vol. 12, p. 113-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relatively little has been written on the geographical location of tourism since Walter Chistaller’s seminal work “Some considerations of tourism location in Europe: the peripheral regions‐underdeveloped countries‐recreation areas” in 1964. This neglect of location may come as surprise considering the great interest of communities in remote areas to develop tourism as response to decline in other industries. This paper focuses on geographical explanations of tourism success and failure. Not least inspired by the work of Jan Lundgren, the article claims that accessibility is a major factor for success that often is underrated in discourses of destination development. Moreover, other industrial development justifying the provision of accessibility entailed important steps for the development of northern tourism destinations. Hence, it is argued that extractive industries often considered a threat to nature-based tourism in the far North, create vital preconditions for the development of tourism. This is done by reviewing the literature on location and tourism and secondary data sources on tourism development in northern Sweden.

  • 50.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Polar Tourism: Human, Environmental and Governance Dimensions: Edited Patrick T Maher, Emma J Stewart, Michael Lück (Eds.), Cognizant Communication Corporation, New York (2011)2012In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 1607-1609Article, book review (Other academic)
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